About this topic
Summary David Hume (1711-1776) was a Scottish thinker who made substantial contributions to the fields of epistemology, metaphysics, religion, mind, aesthetics, morals, politics, history and economics. He is traditionally classified as one of the three most important British empiricists along with John Locke (1632-1704) and George Berkeley (1685-1753).  
Key works

Hume’s major philosophical works include A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-1740), An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748), An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (1751) and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779). Oxford has recent scholarly editions of the Treatise (Norton & Norton 2007), the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (Beauchamp 2006), and the Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (Beauchamp 1998). Editions of the Dialogues include Coleman 2007, Gaskin 1998/2009 and Kemp Smith 1935. Hume also wrote numerous essays on a variety of topics collected together in Essays, Moral, Political and Literary (Miller 1987) and a six-volume History of England (1754-1761) (Todd 1983).

Introductions There are many introductions and anthologies on Hume’s works. Select introductory works include Brown & Morris 2012, Wright 2009, Blackburn 2008 and Garrett 1997. For more comprehensive anthologies see Bailey & O'Brien 2012, Norton & Taylor 2008, Radcliffe 2008 and Russell 2016. Excellent encyclopedia articles can be found online at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.The standard biography of Hume is Mossner 1954. A more recent intellectual biography is Harris 2015
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  1. Hume's Dual Criteria for Memory.Maite Cruz Tleugabulova - forthcoming - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    In his brief treatment of memory, Hume characterizes memory using two kinds of criteria: ideas’ phenomenal character and their correspondence to the past experiences from which they derived. These criteria have seemed so perplexing to interpreters, both individually and jointly, that Hume’s account of memory is commonly considered one of the weakest parts of his philosophical system. This paper defends Hume’s criteria by showing that they achieve two theoretical aims: a scientific classification of ideas and a definition of ‘memory.’ In (...)
  2. Hume on the Laws of Dynamics: The Tacit Assumption of Mechanism.Matias Kimi Slavov - 2016 - Hume Studies 42 (1-2):113-136.
    I shall argue that when Hume refers to the laws of dynamics, he tacitly assumes a mechanism. Nevertheless, he remains agnostic on whether the hidden micro-constitution of bodies is machinelike. Hence this article comes to the following conclusion. Hume is not a full-blown mechanical philosopher. Still his position on dynamic laws and his concept of causation instantiate a tacitly mechanical understanding of the interactions of bodies.
  3. David Hume and the Culture of Scottish Newtonianism.Tamas Demeter - 2016 - Brill.
  4. Empirismus, naturalismus a ideje.Tomas Hribek - 2017 - Filosoficky Casopis 2 (65):297-315.
    [Empiricism, Naturalism, and Ideas] The author analyses the modern reception of key themes in Hume’s philosophy during the past century. The first part presents Hume’s version of three such themes – empi­ricism, naturalism and the theory of ideas. The following three parts give an exposition of modern forms of each of these themes, with the choice of modern reception being directed to those contemporary authors who not only developed Hume’s motifs in the most original way, but who also explicitly traced (...)
  5. Hume's Science of Human Nature: Scientific Realism, Reason, and Substantial Explanation.David Landy - 2017 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    Hume’s Science of Human Nature is an investigation of the philosophical commitments underlying Hume's methodology in pursuing what he calls ‘the science of human nature’. It argues that Hume understands scientific explanation as aiming at explaining the inductively-established universal regularities discovered in experience via an appeal to the nature of the substance underlying manifest phenomena. For years, scholars have taken Hume to employ a deliberately shallow and demonstrably untenable notion of scientific explanation. By contrast, Hume’s Science of Human Nature sets (...)
  6. Kant's Critique of Metaphysics.Damian Ilodigwe - 2015 - WAJOPS WEST AFRICAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES 17:130-154.
    Kant’s criticism of Metaphysics is informed by his reception of Hume’s skepticism. While the claims of the synthetic a priori, for Kant, constitute a transcendental refutation of Hume’s skepticism, Kant remains in fundamental sympathy with Hume’s empiricism. On the one hand he invokes the synthetic a priori in limiting the unbridled empiricism that conflates the distinction between sources of knowledge and origin of knowledge. On the other hand he also underscores the inherent limitation of human knowledge as legislated by the (...)
  7. David Hume.Lorenzo Greco - 2018 - In Giulia Belgioioso, Siegrid Agostini, Chiara Catalano & Francesca Giuliano (eds.), Storia della filosofia moderna. Milano: Mondadori Educational/Le Monnier Università. pp. 317-333.
  8. [REVIEW] Tamás Demeter, David Hume and the Culture of Scottish Newtonianism: Methodology and Ideology in Enlightenment Inquiry, Boston: Brill, 2016. [REVIEW]Matias Kimi Slavov - 2017 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 6 (1):207-212.
    Up till this day one cannot find much scholarship which situates Hume in the context of early modern natural philosophy. Tamás Demeter's new book, David Hume and the Culture of Scottish Newtonianism, does a spectacular job in filling this gap. His monograph is the most comprehensive pursuit to understand Hume's place in the Newtonian tradition of natural philosophy. Demeter specifies Hume's place both in the context of Newtonian moral philosophy and Newtonian chemistry and physiology.
  9. Acali and Acid, Oil and Vinegar: Hume on Contrary Passions.Elizabeth S. Radcliffe - 2017 - In Robert Stern & Alix Cohen (eds.), Thinking About the Emotions: A Philosophical History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 150-171.
    In this paper, I present a close study of Hume’s treatment of contrary passions, asking questions about his description of the psychology of emotional difference and opposition. In treating this topic, I examine two opposed, but noteworthy, psychological functions that Hume imputes to human beings: sympathy and comparison. In brief, sympathy is the mechanism by which we share others’ feelings, and comparison is the function of our minds by which we find ourselves feeling passions opposed to others’ experiences. Sympathy can (...)
  10. Un'esile significanza: Eugenio Lecaldano sul senso della vita.Lorenzo Greco - 2017 - Etica E Politica 19 (2):315–322.
    In this paper, I examine Eugenio Lecaldano’s way of tackling the issue of the meaning of life. I highlight the dependence of his individualistic approach on the specific character of the person who inquires into the meaning of life. I also sketch a weaker way of understanding the meaning of life as an attempt to provide reasons which are valid from the standpoint of the present, and which will make us continue living.
  11. The Importance of 'Mere Conception' in David Hume's Theory of Belief.Catherine Kemp - 1995 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook
    Belief is a species of mere conception, and is modifiable, rather than bivalent (believing or disbelieving). The attendant-impression theory of transformation of conception into belief expresses the moral dimension of one and the same thing, of which the manner-of-conception (without attendant impression) theory of the transformation refers to the epistemic dimension of that same thing. These two aspects of the transformation of conception into belief point to an ambiguity in Hume's use of the term IDEA: as act and as content. (...)
  12. Is Hume an Inductivist?David Landy - 2015 - Hume Studies 41 (2):231-261.
    Across a series of papers and again in her recent book, Graciela De Pierris has argued that Hume is what she calls an inductivist about the methods of science. De Pierris takes Hume to follow Newton in holding that the ultimate aim of science is to seek "assurance concerning objects, which are removed from the present testimony of our memory and senses",1 and its method therefore to consist in the subsumption of observable particulars under inductively-established universal generalizations. As De Pierris (...)
  13. Turnabout is Fair Play: A New Humean Response in the Old Debate with Kant.Peter Thielke - 2015 - Hume Studies 41 (2):263-288.
    Kant famously noted that a memory of Hume "interrupted" his dogmatic slumbers, an alarm commonly taken to have been sounded by the challenge Hume raised against the rational foundations of causal connections. The Prolegomena's discussion of the role played by Hume's skepticism in the development of the critical philosophy makes it relatively easy to see how to formulate something along the lines of "Kant's response to Hume," and a great deal of ink and toil have been devoted to debates about (...)
  14. Reply to My Critics.Andrew Sabl - 2015 - Hume Studies 41 (1):91-102.
    I salute the careful attention these three distinguished scholars have given Hume’s Politics, and I am flattered by their compliments. That these scholars from different disciplines all value my work speaks well of their broad-mindedness. It also illustrates my hopes for the book, which avowedly aims to build bridges among different social sciences, as well as between empirical social science and normative political theory. The three scholars’ criticisms are also sharp and important, though I believe they can be met. This (...)
  15. "Distant and Commonly Faint and Disfigured Originals": Hume's Magna Charta and Sabl's Fundamental Constitutional Conventions.Mark G. Spencer - 2015 - Hume Studies 41 (1):73-80.
    They say you can’t judge a book by its cover. If that is right, it really is too bad in the case of Andrew Sabl’s Hume’s Politics. It is too bad because the reviewer’s job would be exceedingly easy, and very pleasant. By any measure this book has a strikingly fine cover. Its image is drawn from John Byam Liston Shaw’s depiction of Queen Mary and Princess Elizabeth entering London in 1553. Hume’s interpretation of Elizabeth I plays a prominent role (...)
  16. "Politics May Be Reduced To a Science"?: Between Politics and Economics in Hume's Concepts of Convention.Ryu Susato - 2015 - Hume Studies 41 (1):81-89.
    Many Hume scholars have partially anticipated the essential links between his magnum opus—the History of England—and other writings, but we lacked an appropriate theoretical framework. According to Andrew Sabl,2 the key to the breakthrough is provided by “coordination theory.” The approach to Hume’s work through the lens of twentieth-century political theories has been preceded, to take one example, by Russell Hardin, who envisions Hume’s notion of convention as a prototype of game theory. Hardin also mentions coordination theory in relation to (...)
  17. Self-Love and Personal Identity in Hume's Treatise.Welchman Jennifer - 2015 - Hume Studies 41 (1):33-55.
    In his Advertisement to the incomplete first edition of the Treatise, Hume justifies his decision to publish the first two Books separately on the grounds that “the subjects of the understanding and passions make a compleat chain of reasoning by themselves”.1 The Advertisement to Book 3 qualifies its predecessor slightly, stating that Book 3 is “in some measure independent of the other two and requires not that the reader shou’d enter into all the abstract reasonings contain’d in them”. Precisely which (...)
  18. The Method in Hume's "Madness".Lisa Ievers - 2015 - Hume Studies 41 (1):3-32.
    Hume’s response to his very personal encounter with skepticism is well known: “I dine, I play a game of back-gammon, I converse, and am merry with my friends; and when after three or four hour’s amusement, I wou’d return to these speculations, they appear so cold, and strain’d, and ridiculous, that I cannot find it in my heart to enter into them any farther”.1 As many commentators have noted, this “response” to skepticism is deeply unsatisfying. For example, Brian Ribeiro writes, (...)
  19. Editing Hume's Treatise: James A. Harris.James A. Harris - 2008 - Modern Intellectual History 5 (3):633-641.
    In 1975 the Clarendon Press at Oxford published Peter Nidditch's edition of John Locke's An Essay concerning Human Understanding. In his Introduction Nidditch says that his edition “offers a text that is directly derived, without modernization, from the early published versions; it notes the provenance of all its adopted readings ; and it aims at recording all relevant differences between these versions”. As Nidditch goes on to acknowledge, the “relevant differences” were many, “requiring several thousand registrations both in the case (...)
  20. Hume's Philosophy of Common Life.Donald W. Livingston - 1985 - Ethics 95 (4):959-960.
  21. Continuity, Consciousness, and Identity in Hurne's Philosophy.Keith E. Yandell - 1992 - Hume Studies 18 (2):255-274.
  22. Hurne on Human Excellence.Marie A. Martin - 1992 - Hume Studies 18 (2):383-399.
  23. Unnatural Religion: Indoctrination and Philo’s Reversal in Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.Rich Foley - 2006 - Hume Studies 32 (1):83-112.
    Many interpretations of Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion have labored under the assumption that one of the characters represents Hume’s view on the Design Argument, and Philo is often selected for this role. I reject this opinion by showing that Philo is inconsistent. He offers a decisive refutation of the Design Argument, yet later endorses this very argument. I then dismiss two prominent ways of handling Philo’s reversal: first, I show that Philo is not ironic either in his skepticism or (...)
  24. Hume’s Nuanced Defense of Luxury.Ryu Susato - 2006 - Hume Studies 32 (1):167-186.
    The significance of Hume’s positive attitude towards luxury might have been overemphasized by his commentators. In fact, arguments in favor of “moderate” luxury had already been entertained before the emergence of Hume’s position. Therefore to argue that Hume’s argument entailed the defense of moderate luxury is not to identify in it anything particularly unique. Thus, the first aim of this paper is to clarify the nature of Hume’s contribution to the ongoing luxury debates. This does not consist merely of an (...)
  25. Is There a Prussian Hume?: Or How Far Is It From Könisberg to Edinburgh.Fred Wilson - 1982 - Hume Studies 8 (1):1-18.
  26. Society and Sentiment: Genres of Historical Writing in Britain, 1740–1820. [REVIEW]Mark G. Spencer - 2001 - Hume Studies 27 (1):186-190.
  27. Moral Skepticism and Moral Naturalism in Hume’s Treatise.Nicholas L. Sturgeon - 2001 - Hume Studies 27 (1):3-83.
  28. Is Hume a Sceptic About Induction?: On a Would-Be Revolution in the Interpretation of Hume's Philosophy.Adi Parush - 1977 - Hume Studies 3 (1):1-16.
  29. The Anatomist and the Painter: The Continuity of Hume's Treatise and Essays.John Immerwahr - 1991 - Hume Studies 17 (1):1-14.
  30. The Psychologistic Foundations of Hume’s Critique of Mathematical Philosophy.Wayne Waxman - 1996 - Hume Studies 22 (1):123-167.
  31. Aesthetics and Morals in the Philosophy of David Hume. [REVIEW]Christopher Williams - 2010 - Hume Studies 36 (1):109-113.
  32. Once More Into the Labyrinth: Kail’s Realist Explanation of Hume’s Second Thoughts About Personal Identity.Don Garrett - 2010 - Hume Studies 36 (1):77-87.
  33. Mirrors to One Another: Emotion and Value in Jane Austen and David Hume. [REVIEW]Karen Stohr - 2010 - Hume Studies 36 (1):114-117.
  34. Précis of Projection and Realism in Hume’s Philosophy.P. Kail - 2010 - Hume Studies 36 (1):61-65.
  35. Philosophical Relations, Natural Relations, and Philosophic Decisionism in Belief in the External World: Comments on P. J. E. Kail, Projection and Realism in Hume’s Philosophy. [REVIEW]Eric Schliesser - 2010 - Hume Studies 36 (1):67-76.
  36. Hume on Artificial Lives: With a Rejoinder to A.C. MacIntyre.James King - 1988 - Hume Studies 14 (1):53-92.
  37. It Ain't Necessity, So..Alan Hausman - 1982 - Hume Studies 8 (2):87-101.
  38. On Friedman's Look.Daniel E. Flage - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (1):187-197.
  39. "Magic Buffalo" and Berkeley's Theory of Vision: Learning in Society.David M. Levy - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (1):223-226.
  40. Impressions and Ideas: Vivacity as Verisimilitude.Wayne Waxman - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (1):75-88.
  41. Hume’s “Early Memoranda” and the Making of His Political Economy.Tatsuya Sakamoto - 2011 - Hume Studies 37 (2):131-164.
    This essay argues that while the so-called “Hume’s Early Memoranda” has long been regarded as Hume’s juvenile work composed before A Treatise of Human Nature, there is significant internal and external evidence to the contrary. M. A. Stewart’s recent thesis made a new attempt to move the period of composition to the early 1740s. I seek in the following essay to date the composition even later, in the latter half of the 1740s. Re-examined in this new light, the memoranda credibly (...)
  42. Between Hume’s Philosophy and History: Historical Theory and Practice. [REVIEW]Mark G. Spencer - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (1):198-200.
  43. Hume’s Philosophy of the Self. [REVIEW]Susan M. Purviance - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (1):191-197.
  44. Hume’s Theory of Simple Perceptions Reconsidered.Daniel A. Schmicking - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (1):3-31.
  45. Conceivability and Modality in Hume: A Lemma in an Argument in Defence of Sceptical Realism.Peter Kail - 2003 - Hume Studies 29 (1):43-61.
  46. Spectres of False Divinity: Hume’s Moral Atheism. [REVIEW]David O’Connor - 2010 - Hume Studies 36 (2):236-239.
  47. Was Hume a Humean?Elijah Millgram - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (1):75-93.
  48. John W. Davis : In Memoriam.Stanley Tweyman - 1998 - Hume Studies 24 (1):3-5.
  49. Ideas, Reason, and Skepticism: Replies to My Critics.Don Garrett - 1998 - Hume Studies 24 (1):171-194.
  50. Crito’s “Impartial Observations on a Late Dramatick Work,” From the Caledonian Mercury, No. 5456 , [2–3].M. A. Box - 2008 - Hume Studies 34 (2):245-252.
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