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Summary Toleration's first defense is by Saint Augustine (who later recanted it), but it does not become a major force until the beginning of liberal thought, particularly with thinkers like Spinoza, Bayle, and Locke.  These thinkers and those following them sought to defend toleration as a general value, though typically a dependent value.  The pieces in this category relate to such defenses.
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  1. added 2020-02-11
    Virtue, Reason and Toleration.Catriona Mckinnon - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):156-158.
  2. added 2019-09-09
    Was Toleranz Ist, Was Sie Nicht Ist Und Wie Man Sie Nicht Rechtfertigen Kann Eine Replik Auf Lohmar.Peter Königs - 2013 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 67 (3).
    SEE BELOW ("EXTERNAL LINKS") FOR A FREELY AVAILABLE PDF OF THIS ARTICLE.
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  3. added 2019-06-06
    1. Islam And Democratic Dialogue: Is a Muslim Gandhi Possible?: Integrating Cultural and Religious Plurality in Islamic Traditions.Ramin Jahanbegloo - 2010 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (3-4):309-323.
    In the past decade, Islam has come to be associated more than ever with images of extremism and violence. Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein are stock characters in this association, in the aftermath of 11 September and the ‘war on terror’. Lost in all this is a long record of Muslim experience of non-violent change and peace-making. Yet Islam hardly glorifies violence — and does quite explicitly glorify its opposite. History offers much evidence of Muslim tolerance and civil engagement (...)
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  4. added 2019-06-06
    Toleration, Respect and Recognition: Some Tensions.Mitja Sardoč - 2010 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (1):6-8.
  5. added 2019-06-06
    Book in Review: Regulating Aversion: Tolerance in the Age of Identity and Empire, by Wendy Brown. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006. 282 Pp. $29.95. [REVIEW]Lars Tønder - 2008 - Political Theory 36 (1):168-171.
  6. added 2019-06-06
    John Locke: An Essay Concerning Toleration: And Other Writings on Law and Politics, 1667-1683.J. R. Milton & Philip Milton (eds.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    J. R. and Philip Milton present the first critical edition of John Locke's Essay concerning Toleration, based on all extant manuscripts, and other writings on law and politics composed between 1667 and 1683. It is an invaluable resource for historians of early modern philosophy, legal, political, and religious thought, and 17th century Britain.
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  7. added 2019-06-06
    Het eigene en het vreemde Twee vormen van tolerantie.Peter Jonkers - 2002 - Bijdragen 63 (4):446-472.
    The leading question of this article is whether an examination of the complex relations between individuality and strangeness can help us to understand the essence of tolerance, viz. bearing the unbearable. The first section concludes, from a historical survey of the opposition between freedom of religion and tolerance, that the former relates to a neutral kind of tolerance, whereas the idea of tolerance in the strict sense presupposes a person, who is committed to the truth of his faith. This leads (...)
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  8. added 2019-06-06
    The Case for Tolerance: GEORGE P. FLETCHER.George P. Fletcher - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (1):229-239.
    For people to live together in pluralistic communities, they must find someway to cope with the practices of others that they abhor. For that reason, tolerance has always seemed an appealing medium of accommodation. But tolerance also has its critics. One wing charges that the tolerant are too easygoing. They are insensitive to evil in their midst. At the same time, another wing attacks the tolerant for being too weak in their sentimentsof respect. “The Christian does not wish to be (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    Sincerity and Truth: Essays on Arnauld, Bayle and Toleration : John Kilcullen , Xii + 228 Pp., £25.00. [REVIEW]Emily Michael & Fred S. Michael - 1990 - History of European Ideas 12 (1):147-148.
  10. added 2019-06-06
    Tolerance Et Communauté Humaine: Chrétiens Dans Un Monde Divise. [REVIEW]Walter J. Ong - 1953 - Modern Schoolman 31 (1):48-50.
  11. added 2019-06-06
    AUBERT, ROGER; BOUVER, LOUIS; and OTHERS. "Tolerance Et Communauté Humaine: Chretiens Dans Un Monde Divise". [REVIEW]Walter J. Ong - 1953 - Modern Schoolman 31:48.
  12. added 2019-06-06
    "Cuius Regio, Illius Opinio": Considerations on the Present Crisis of the Tolerance Idea.H. Gomperz - 1936 - International Journal of Ethics 46 (3):292-307.
  13. added 2019-06-06
    The Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy.William Paley & Robert Faulder - 1785 - Printed for R. Faulder.
    A major philosophical mind in his day, William Paley wrote in a lucid style that made complex ideas more accessible to a wide readership. This work, first published in 1785, was based on the lectures he gave on moral philosophy at Christ's College, Cambridge. Cited in parliamentary debates and remaining on the syllabus at Cambridge into the twentieth century, it stands as one of the most influential texts to emerge from the Enlightenment period in Britain. An orthodox theologian, grounding his (...)
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  14. added 2019-06-05
    A Companion to Locke.Matthew Stuart (ed.) - 2015 - Blackwell.
    This collection of 28 original essays examines the diverse scope of John Locke’s contributions as a celebrated philosopher, empiricist, and father of modern political theory. Explores the impact of Locke’s thought and writing across a range of fields including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, political theory, education, religion, and economics Delves into the most important Lockean topics, such as innate ideas, perception, natural kinds, free will, natural rights, religious toleration, and political liberalism Identifies the political, philosophical, and religious contexts in (...)
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  15. added 2019-06-05
    Why Tolerate Religion?Samuel C. Rickless - 2014 - Philosophical Review 123 (2):238-241.
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  16. added 2019-06-05
    The European Union Democratic Deficit.Jonathan Bowman - 2006 - European Journal of Political Theory 5 (2):191-212.
    I outline the current debate over the European Union democratic deficit in terms of differing methodological approaches towards the realization of freedom and basic rights to political participation. Federalists opt for a model of freedom as noninterference and autonomous self-determination by proposing to tie basic rights in the EU to a univocal form of European-wide popular sovereignty. Although skeptics argue that the EU lacks the fundamental basis for such European-wide democratic self-determination, they ultimately defend a similar view of freedom as (...)
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  17. added 2019-06-05
    Book ReviewsT. M. Scanlon, The Difficulty of Tolerance.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Pp. Viii+273. $55.00 ; $20.00. [REVIEW]Paul Weithman - 2004 - Ethics 114 (4):836-842.
  18. added 2019-05-07
    Identity Politics, Irrationalism, and Totalitarianism: Karl Popper and the Contemporary Malaise.Danny Frederick - 2019 - Cosmos + Taxis 6 (6-7):31-32.
    Introduction to my three essays on the relevance of Karl Popper to contemporary social, political and philosophical problems.
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  19. added 2019-01-30
    Toleration, by Andrew Jason Cohen: Cambridge: Polity Press, 2014, Pp. 176, £15.99 , £45.Peter Balint - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (4):816-817.
  20. added 2018-06-04
    Reasonable Citizens and Epistemic Peers: A Skeptical Problem for Political Liberalism.Han van Wietmarschen - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (4):486-507.
    Political liberalism holds that political decisions should be made on the basis of public considerations, and not on the basis of comprehensive religious, moral, or philosophical views. An important objection to this view is that it presupposes doubt, hesitation, or skepticism about the truth of comprehensive doctrines on the side of reasonable citizens. Proponents of political liberalism, such as John Rawls and Jonathan Quong, successfully defend political liberalism against several objections of this kind. In this paper, I argue that recent (...)
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  21. added 2018-02-18
    Toleration in Conflict: Past and Present.Rainer Forst - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    The concept of toleration plays a central role in pluralistic societies. It designates a stance which permits conflicts over beliefs and practices to persist while at the same time defusing them, because it is based on reasons for coexistence in conflict - that is, in continuing dissension. A critical examination of the concept makes clear, however, that its content and evaluation are profoundly contested matters and thus that the concept itself stands in conflict. For some, toleration was and is an (...)
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  22. added 2018-02-17
    John Locke's Letter on Toleration in Focus.John Horton & Susan Mendus (eds.) - 1991 - Routledge.
    Though several editions of Locke's Letter of Toleration art available, the unique value of this volume lies in the fact that it conbines both the text of the Letter and interpretative, critical essays. Several essays are reprints of the most important articles on the Letter , but there is also new material , specially commissioned for the volume and published here for the first time. Given the importance of Locke's Letter on Toleration , this volume will be welcomed by both (...)
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  23. added 2017-09-29
    O’Hear on Popper, Criticism and the Open Society.Danny Frederick - 2019 - Cosmos + Taxis 6 (6-7):43-48.
    Karl Popper champions an open society in which all institutions, principles and values are open to criticism. Anthony O’Hear contends that Popper’s vision is utopian because an open society can survive only if some non-liberal values are assumed, including the prohibition of criticism of fundamental liberal principles and values. I correct O’Hear’s interpretation of Popper and I rebut most of his criticisms, arguing that an open society is stronger if it permits criticism of all views. However, I accept and strengthen (...)
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  24. added 2017-08-26
    Identity Politics, Irrationalism, and Totalitarianism: The Relevance Of Karl Popper’s ‘Open Society’.Danny Frederick - 2019 - Cosmos + Taxis 6 (6-7):33-42.
    In ‘The Open Society and its Enemies,’ Karl Popper contrasts closed and open societies. He evaluates irrationalism and the different kinds of rationalism and he argues that critical rationalism is superior. Living in an open society bestows great benefits but involves a strain that may in some people engender a longing to return to a closed society of tribal submission and an attraction for irrationalism. Attempts to recreate a closed society lead to totalitarianism. In the light of Popper’s arguments I (...)
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  25. added 2017-06-04
    Cultural Relativism.John J. Tilley - 2000 - Human Rights Quarterly 22 (2):501–547.
    In this paper I refute the chief arguments for cultural relativism, meaning the moral (not the descriptive) theory that goes by that name. In doing this I walk some oft-trodden paths, but I also break new ones. For instance, I take unusual pains to produce an adequate formulation of cultural relativism, and I distinguish that thesis from the relativism of present-day anthropologists, with which it is often conflated. In addition, I address not one or two, but eleven arguments for cultural (...)
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  26. added 2017-03-23
    The Myth of the Closed Mind: Understanding Why and How People Are Rational.Ray Scott Percival - 2012 - Chicago: Open Court Publishing Company.
    It’s often claimed that some people—fundamentalists or fanatics—are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational. -/- Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to mistakes, (...)
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  27. added 2017-01-13
    Toleration, Diversity, and Global Justice.Kok-Chor Tan - 2000 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    The "comprehensive liberalism" defended in this book offers an alternative to the narrower "political liberalism" associated with the writings of John Rawls. By arguing against making tolerance as fundamental a value as individual autonomy, and extending the reach of liberalism to global society, it opens the way for dealing more adequately with problems of human rights and economic inequality in a world of cultural pluralism.
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  28. added 2016-12-12
    Toleration, Respect and Recognition in Education.Mitja Sardoc - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Toleration, Respect and Recognition in Education_ brings together a collection of papers examining the complexity of different interpretations of toleration, respect and recognition in education. Discusses different theories of toleration and shows how it lies at the centre of a liberal pluralistic society Brings together the work of leading scholars from a range of disciplines Examines how education can accommodate diversity and promote shared public values.
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  29. added 2016-12-12
    To Think Tolerance.P. Ricour - 1996 - Diogenes 44 (176):25-26.
  30. added 2016-12-08
    Mill's on Liberty: A Critical Guide.C. L. Ten (ed.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Stuart Mill's essay On Liberty, published in 1859, has had a powerful impact on philosophical and political debates ever since its first appearance. This volume of essays covers the whole range of problems raised in and by the essay, including the concept of liberty, the toleration of diversity, freedom of expression, the value of allowing 'experiments in living', the basis of individual liberty, multiculturalism and the claims of minority cultural groups. Mill's views have been fiercely contested, and they are (...)
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  31. added 2016-12-08
    The Culture of Toleration in Diverse Societies: Reasonable Tolerance.Andrew Schaap - 2004 - Contemporary Political Theory 3 (2):224-230.
  32. added 2016-12-08
    Philosophical Letters: Letters Concerning the English Nation. Voltaire - 2003 - Courier Dover Publications.
    First published in English in 1733, Philosophical Letters was condemned by the French government as "likely to inspire a license of thought most dangerous to religion and civil order." It remains a landmark.
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  33. added 2016-12-08
    Establishing Toleration.Richard H. Dees - 1999 - Political Theory 27 (5):667-693.
  34. added 2016-12-08
    Locke on Toleration.Ingrid Creppell - 1996 - Political Theory 24 (2):200-240.
  35. added 2016-12-08
    John Rawls, Mikhail Bakhtin, and the Praxis of Toleration.Brian Walker - 1995 - Political Theory 23 (1):101-127.
  36. added 2016-10-27
    After the Open Society: Selected Social and Political Writings.Karl Popper, Jeremy Shearmur & Piers Norris Turner - 2008 - Routledge.
    In this long-awaited volume, Jeremy Shearmur and Piers Norris Turner bring to light Popper's most important unpublished and uncollected writings from the time of The Open Society until his death in 1994. After The Open Society: Selected Social and Political Writings reveals the development of Popper's political and philosophical thought during and after the Second World War, from his early socialism through to the radical humanitarianism of The Open Society. The papers in this collection, many of which are available here (...)
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  37. added 2016-08-17
    La democracia y el valor político de la tolerancia.Fuentes/Caro Eduardo Andres - 2015 - Filosofia Unisinos 16 (2):164-182.
    It is a widespread opinion that toleration, as a political practice, has merely instrumental value. The aim of this paper is to defend, on the contrary, that toleration has political value in itself. In more specific terms, I will claim that it is valuable in itself in virtue of its intrinsic relationship with democracy. Toleration is a constituent of democracy inasmuch as it is necessary for the existence of a democratic administration of political power. I will show that that relation (...)
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  38. added 2016-06-17
    Tolérance libérale et délibération : l'apport de la neutralité scientifique.Marc-Kevin Daoust - 2016 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 11 (1):4-28.
    Cet article poursuit la réflexion de Dilhac (2014) touchant la relation entre politique et vérité. Au terme d’une analyse de la tolérance chez Mill et Popper, Dilhac conclut qu’une conception épistémique de la tolérance manque sa dimension politique, et qu’il est préférable d’opter pour le concept rawlsien de consensus raisonnable. Discutant ces résultats, le premier objectif est ici de montrer qu’une notion de « raisonnabilité » peut facilement trouver ses racines dans la neutralité scientifique wébérienne, et donc être porteuse d’une (...)
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  39. added 2016-02-28
    Authority, Progress, and the “Assumption of Infallibility” in On Liberty.Piers Norris Turner - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (1):93-117.
    John Stuart Mill’s defense of free discussion in On Liberty includes the claim that silencing discussion implies an “assumption of infallibility.” This claim is often dismissed as absurd on the ground that a censor might attempt to silence an opinion he believes to be true but pernicious, or because rational assurance short of infallibility is obviously sufficient to justify censorship. This paper argues that Mill is concerned about the epistemic position one assumes with regard to future persons and circumstances as (...)
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  40. added 2016-02-26
    Toleration.Emanuela Ceva - 2013 - Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy.
    The idea of toleration (or tolerance—the terms are mostly used interchangeably) plays a paramount role in liberal theorizing with regard to the normative characterization of the relations between the state and citizens and between majority and minority groups in society. Toleration occurs when an agent A refrains from interfering negatively with an agent B’s practice x or belief y despite A’s opposition to B’s x-ing or y-ing, although A thinks herself to be in the position of interfering. So, the notion (...)
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  41. added 2016-01-24
    The Coherence of Bayle’s Theory of Toleration.Jean-Luc Solère - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (1):21-46.
    pierre bayle’s treatise on tolerance is a landmark in the birth of the modern mind. Written shortly before Locke’s Letter on Toleration, it advocates full toleration of all religious beliefs, not by reduction to the lowest common denominator, but rather because of the moral evilness of persecutions and forced conversions.However, many commentators believe that there is a flaw in Bayle’s theory: the so-called “conscientious persecutor aporia.”1 In order to show the wickedness of persecution, Bayle holds up conscience as an apparently (...)
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  42. added 2016-01-24
    Liberty, Toleration and Equality: John Locke, Jonas Proast and the Letters Concerning Toleration.John Tate - 2016 - Routledge.
    The seventeenth century English philosopher, John Locke, is widely recognized as one of the seminal sources of the modern liberal tradition. _Liberty, Toleration and Equality_ examines the development of Locke’s ideal of toleration, from its beginnings, to the culmination of this development in Locke’s fifteen year debate with his great antagonist, the Anglican clergyman, Jonas Proast. Locke, like Proast, was a sincere Christian, but unlike Proast, Locke was able to develop, over time, a perspective on toleration which allowed him to (...)
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  43. added 2016-01-24
    Second Treatise of Government and a Letter Concerning Toleration.Mark Goldie (ed.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    'Man being born...to perfect freedom...hath by nature a power...to preserve his property, that is, his life, liberty and estate.'Locke's Second Treatise of Government is one of the great classics of political philosophy, widely regarded as the foundational text of modern liberalism. In it Locke insists on majority rule, and regards no government as legitimate unless it has the consent of the people. He sets aside people's ethnicities, religions, and cultures and envisages political societies which command our assent because they meet (...)
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  44. added 2016-01-15
    Dialoghi sulla pace e la libertà.Ludovico Geymonat & Fabio Minazzi - 1992 - Cuen.
  45. added 2016-01-08
    Tolerance: From a Hermeneutic Perspective.Lawrence Schmidt - unknown - Existentia 6 (1-4):79-87.
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  46. added 2016-01-08
    Pierre Bayle (1647-1706).Edwards Paul - 2003 - Free Inquiry 23 (3).
  47. added 2016-01-08
    Two Treatises of Government and, a Letter Concerning Toleration.John Locke - 2003
  48. added 2016-01-08
    Tolerance.D. C. Mutz - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 15766--15771.
  49. added 2016-01-08
    Moral Relativity and Tolerance.David B. Wong - 2000 - In Christopher W. Gowans (ed.), Moral Disagreements: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Routledge. pp. 141.
  50. added 2016-01-08
    12. The Difficulty of Tolerance.T. M. Scanlon - 1998 - In David Heyd (ed.), Toleration: An Elusive Virtue. Princeton University Press. pp. 226-240.
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