Related categories

99 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 99
  1. Second Thoughts on the Dead Sea Scrolls. [REVIEW]C. P. A. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (1):162-162.
  2. Book Review:On Defining Death. Douglas N. Walton. [REVIEW]Natalie Abrams - 1981 - Ethics 92 (1):148-.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. The Logical Status of Brain Death Criteria.G. J. Agich & R. P. Jones - 1985 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (4):387-396.
    This article is an attempt to clarify a confusion in the brain death literature between logical sufficiency/necessity and natural sufficiency/necessity. We focus on arguments that draw conclusions regarding empirical matters of fact from conceptual or ontological definitions. Specifically, we critically analyze arguments by Tom Tomlinson and Michael B. Green and Daniel Wikler. which, respectively, confuse logical and natural sufficiency and logical and natural necessity. Our own conclusion is that it is especially important in discussing the brain death issue to observe (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Towards a Hierarchical Definition of Life, the Organism, and Death.Gerard A. J. M. Jagers op Akkerhuis - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (3):245-262.
    Despite hundreds of definitions, no consensus exists on a definition of life or on the closely related and problematic definitions of the organism and death. These problems retard practical and theoretical development in, for example, exobiology, artificial life, biology and evolution. This paper suggests improving this situation by basing definitions on a theory of a generalized particle hierarchy. This theory uses the common denominator of the “operator” for a unified ranking of both particles and organisms, from elementary particles to animals (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  5. Defining Death: There Ought to Be a Law.George J. Annas - 1983 - Hastings Center Report 13 (1):20-21.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  6. Defining Death: When Physicians and Families Differ.J. M. Appel - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (11):641-642.
    Whether the law should permit individuals to opt out of accepted death standards is a question that must be faced and clarifiedWhile media coverage of the Terri Schiavo case in Florida has recently refocused public attention on end of life decision making, another end of life tragedy in Utah has raised equally challenging—and possibly more fundamental—questions about the roles of physicians and families in matters of death. The patient at the centre of this case was Jesse Koochin, a six year (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  7. Alla fine della vita: bioetica e medicina alla ricerca di un confine [At the end of life: bioethics and medicine looking for a boundary].Rosangela Barcaro - 2015 - Laboratorio Dell’ISPF [Online First] 1824-9817.
    Bioethics, neuroscience, medicine are contributing to a debate on the definition and criteria of death. This topic is very controversial, and it demonstrates clashing views on the meaning of human life and death. Official medical and legal positions agree upon a biological definition of death as irreversible cessation of integrated functioning of the organism as a whole, and whole-brain criterion to ascertain death. These positions have to face many criticisms: some scholars speak of logical and practical inconsistency, some others of (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Il dibattito bioetico italiano. Laici vs. cattolici [Italian bioethical debate on brain death: lay vs religious attitudes].Rosangela Barcaro - 2014 - In Francesco Paolo de Ceglia (ed.), Storia della definizione di morte. FrancoAngeli. pp. 415-431.
    La cosiddetta “morte cerebrale totale”, o più correttamente “morte encefalica” (whole brain death), è un criterio fisiologico riferito alla cessazione irreversibile e permanente di tutte le funzioni dell’encefalo (emisferi e tronco encefalico), ed è correlato alla cessazione del funzionamento integrato dell’organismo. L’applicazione del criterio neurologico, e degli esami che lo accompagnano, è finalizzato ad una diagnosi clinica e strumentale per individuare una condizione causata da lesioni neurologiche diffuse e responsabili di coma, assenza di coscienza, di respirazione spontanea, di risposte agli (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. La morte dell’essere umano. Scienza o filosofia nell’accertamento del decesso?Rosangela Barcaro - 2010 - In Lorenzo Chieffi & Pasquale Giustiniani (eds.), Percorsi tra bioetica e diritto. Alla ricerca di un bilanciamento. Giappichelli. pp. 111-129.
    Nel quarantesimo anniversario della pubblicazione del rapporto di Harvard, ricordato da un editoriale di Lucetta Scaraffia sull’ “Osservatore Romano” il 3 settembre 2008, la riflessione sui criteri neurologici per accertare il decesso è sembrata giungere finalmente all’attenzione del pubblico italiano, dopo i dibattiti avviati nello scorso decennio in Gran Bretagna, Germania, Giappone e negli Stati Uniti. Per alcuni giorni sulle pagine dei quotidiani nazionali si sono alternate repliche, più o meno indignate, a quell’articolo e prese di posizione; poi, come è (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Il dogma che non c'è [An imaginary dogma].Rosangela Barcaro - 2007 - Liberal 7 (40):104-113.
    I criteri neurologici per accertare il decesso, da impiegare in alternativa a quelli cardiorespiratori se il paziente ha subìto lesioni cerebrali e si trova collegato alle apparecchiature per la ventilazione artificiale, sono entrati nell’uso comune della pratica medica occidentale da circa quarant’anni ed il consenso di cui essi godono nella comunità scientifica sembra, a prima vista, essere ancora oggi molto solido. Si diceva a prima vista, perché se si esamina con attenzione la letteratura dal 1992 ad oggi, si possono scoprire (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Ai confini della vita. Riflessione critica sulla nozione di morte cerebrale [Life borders. A critical appraisal of brain death].Rosangela Barcaro - 2007 - Humana.Mente 3:19-37.
    Sintesi delle tappe attraverso cui si è giunti alla formulazione di una teoria a sostegno dei criteri neurologici e alla loro introduzione nella prassi medico-legale per individuare le cause di un ripensamento critico dei fondamenti teorico-scientifici addotti per giustificare i criteri neurologici utilizzati per dichiarare la morte di pazienti con lesioni cerebrali collegati alle apparecchiature per la ventilazione artificiale.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. La morte cerebrale totale è la morte dell'organismo? Appunti per una riflessione critica.Rosangela Barcaro - 2005 - Materiali Per Una Storia Della Cultura Giuridica 35 (2):479-500.
    Sono discusse le principali argomentazioni medico-biologiche che costituiscono il nucleo della teoria secondo la quale la morte cerebrale totale corrisponde alla morte dell'essere umano. Speciale attenzione è riservata alla normativa che disciplina l’applicazione dei criteri per l'accertamento di morte e alle critiche che hanno mostrato come attualmente la teoria che fa da sostegno a quella normativa sia stata radicalmente messa in discussione.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. Techno-Thanatology: Moral Consequences of Introducing Brain Criteria for Death.Kurt Bayertz - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (4):407-417.
    This paper is based on the hypothesis that the effort to establish new criteria for diagnosing human death, which has been taking place over the past twenty years or more, can be viewed as a paradigm case for the impact of scientific and technological progress on morality. This impact takes the form of three tendencies within the change in morality, which may be characterized as ‘denaturalization’, ‘functionalization’ and ‘homogenization’. The paper concludes with the view that these tendencies do not indicate (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Well-Being and Death.Ben Bradley - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
  15. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Death.Ben Bradley, Fred Feldman & Jens Johansson (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Death has long been a pre-occupation of philosophers, and this is especially so today. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Death collects 21 newly commissioned essays that cover current philosophical thinking of death-related topics across the entire range of the discipline. These include metaphysical topics--such as the nature of death, the possibility of an afterlife, the nature of persons, and how our thinking about time affects what we think about death--as well as axiological topics, such as whether death is bad (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  16. Defining Death.Alister Browne - 1987 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (2):155-164.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. D. Alan Shewmon and the PCBE's White Paper on Brain Death: Are Brain-Dead Patients Dead?E. C. Brugger - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):205-218.
    The December 2008 White Paper (WP) on “Brain Death” published by the President’s Council on Bioethics (PCBE) reaffirmed its support for the traditional neurological criteria for human death. It spends considerable time explaining and critiquing what it takes to be the most challenging recent argument opposing the neurological criteria formulated by D. Alan Shewmon, a leading critic of the “whole brain death” standard. The purpose of this essay is to evaluate and critique the PCBE’s argument. The essay begins with a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. On Defining a 'Natural Death'.Daniel Callahan - 1977 - Hastings Center Report 7 (3):32-37.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  19. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are 'Dead'?J. F. Catherwood - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (1):34-39.
    The article recently published in this journal by Dr B A Rix, a member of the Danish Council of Ethics (DCE), was heavily criticised by Dr David Lamb and Mr Christopher Pallis in subsequent commentaries. The editorial column by Professor Raanan Gillon also criticised the position put forward by Rix. In this article I contend that the definition of death put forward by Pallis and Lamb suffers certain philosophical shortcomings, that the position put forward by Rix deserves fuller consideration, and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. Reevaluating the Dead Donor Rule.Mike Collins - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):1-26.
    The dead donor rule justifies current practice in organ procurement for transplantation and states that organ donors must be dead prior to donation. The majority of organ donors are diagnosed as having suffered brain death and hence are declared dead by neurological criteria. However, a significant amount of unrest in both the philosophical and the medical literature has surfaced since this practice began forty years ago. I argue that, first, declaring death by neurological criteria is both unreliable and unjustified but (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  21. Consent for Organ Retrieval Cannot Be Presumed.Mike Collins - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (1):71-106.
  22. How the Dead Live.Niall Connolly - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (1):83-103.
    This paper maintains (following Yougrau 1987; 2000 and Hinchliff 1996) that the dead and other former existents count as examples of non-existent objects. If the dead number among the things there are, a further question arises: what is it to be dead—how should the state of being dead be characterised? It is argued that this state should be characterised negatively: the dead are not persons, philosophers etc. They lack any of the (intrinsic) qualities they had while they lived. The only (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23. The Living and the Dead: Variations on de Anima.Melinda Cooper - 2002 - Angelaki 7 (3):81 – 104.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  24. The Dead Donor Rule: How Much Does the Public Care ... And How Much Should.Megan Crowley-Matoka & Robert M. Arnold - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):319-332.
    : In this brief commentary, we reflect on the recent study by Siminoff, Burant, and Youngner of public attitudes toward "brain death" and organ donation, focusing on the implications of their findings for the rules governing from whom organs can be obtained. Although the data suggest that many seem to view "brain death" as "as good as dead" rather than "dead" (calling the dead donor rule into question), we find that the study most clearly demonstrates that understanding an individual's definition (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  25. The Dead Sea Scrolls. [REVIEW]J. B. D. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (1):156-156.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. How Are We to Confront Death?: An Introduction to Philosophy.Françoise Dastur - 2012 - Fordham University Press.
    Overcoming death -- Neutralizing death -- Accepting death.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. Critical Care in the Philippines: The "Robin Hood Principle" Vs. Kagandahang Loob.Leonardo D. de Castro & Peter A. Sy - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (6):563 – 580.
    Practical medical decisions are closely integrated with ethical and religious beliefs in the Philippines. This is shown in a survey of Filipino physicians' attitudes towards severely compromised neonates. This is also the reason why the ethical analysis of critical care practices must be situated within the context of local culture. Kagandahang loob and kusang loob are indigenous Filipino ethical concepts that provide a framework for the analysis of several critical care practices. The practice of taking-from-the-rich-to-give-to-the-poor in public hospitals is not (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Language, Metaphysics, and Death.John Donnelly (ed.) - 1994 - Fordham University Press.
    This standard work in thanatology is updated with ten essays new to the second edition, and features a new introduction by Donnelly. The collection addresses certain basic issues inherent in a philosophy of death.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Living Questions to Dead Gods.Jacques Durandeaux - 1968 - New York: Sheed & Ward.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Pt. IV. The End of Life. The Definition of Death / Stuart Youngner ; The Aging Society and the Expansion of Senility: Biotechnological and Treatment Goals / Stephen Post ; Death is a Punch in the Jaw: Life-Extension and its Discontents / Felicia Nimue Ackerman ; Precedent Autonomy, Advance Directives, and End-of-Life Care / John K. Davis ; Physician-Assisted Death: The State of the Debate. [REVIEW]Gerald Dworkin - 2007 - In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
  31. Reply To: Defining Death: When Physicians and Families Differ.H. M. Evans - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (11):642-644.
    While there may be a place in some contexts for high handed, “blanket” legislative prohibitions on dissenting views of what constitutes death, the paper under consideration does not describe such a contextThis stimulating and provocative paper by Professor Appel, Defining death: when physicians and families differ, asks us to consider “whether patients’ families should be permitted to opt out of widely accepted definitions of death in favour of their own standards”. This is a striking question in many ways. It reminds (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Death.James W. Evra - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (2).
    There is a classic problem which confronts any attempt to assign death a value. On the assumption that death is personal annihilation, death deprives evil of a requisite subject, for no misfortune can befall something which does not exist. Recent efforts to provide a reasonable basis for counting death as a bad thing have centered on an analysis of the loss of life's goods which it brings. So long as the analysis assumes that death is a simple state, loss can (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. “Death”.Fred Feldman - manuscript
    Reflection on death gives rise to a variety of philosophical questions. One of the deepest of these is a question about the nature of death. Typically, philosophers interpret this question as a call for an analysis, or definition, of the concept of death. Plato proposed to define death as the separation of soul from body. This definition is not acceptable to materialists, who think that there are no souls. It is also unacceptable to anyone who thinks that plants and lower (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. The Termination Thesis.Fred Feldman - 2000 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 24 (1):98–115.
    The Termination Thesis (or “TT”) is the view that people go out of existence when they die. Lots of philosophers seem to believe it. Epicurus, for example, apparently makes use of TT in his efforts to show that it is irrational to fear death. He says, “as long as we exist, death is not with us; but when death comes, then we do not exist.”1 Lucretius says pretty much the same thing, but in many more words and more poetically: “Death (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  35. The Enigma of Death.Fred Feldman - 1992 - Philosophia 21 (3-4):163-181.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  36. Restless Dead: Encounters Between the Living and the Dead in Ancient Greece (Review).D. Felton - 2001 - American Journal of Philology 122 (3):433-436.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. Body, Mind, and Death.Antony Flew - 1964 - New York: Macmillan.
  38. "The Living and the Dead": Death and Community in William Wordsworth's Early Poems, 1787-1797.Kurt O. Fosso - 1993 - Dissertation, University of California, Irvine
    This study examines the genealogy of Wordsworth's conception of a "spiritual community binding together the living and the dead." His early poems explore the limits and foundations of this "community," often envisioning its structure as triadic, articulated between mourners and the dead. One can schematize and temporalize this "binding" as involving first a loss that, when subsequently expressed in memorializing acts, leads to mournful bonds of connection. It is this socially constitutive relationship between these dead and living that each of (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Reconsidering the Dead Donor Rule: Is It Important That Organ Donors Be Dead?Norman Fost - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):249-260.
    : The "dead donor rule" is increasingly under attack for several reasons. First, there has long been disagreement about whether there is a correct or coherent definition of "death." Second, it has long been clear that the concept and ascertainment of "brain death" is medically flawed. Third, the requirement stands in the way of improving organ supply by prohibiting organ removal from patients who have little to lose—e.g., infants with anencephaly—and from patients who ardently want to donate while still alive—e.g., (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  40. 5. Are Some People Better Off Dead? A Reflection.J. L. A. Garcia - 1999 - Logos 2 (1).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. The Metaphysics of Mortals: Death, Immortality, and Personal Time.Cody Gilmore - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (12):3271-3299.
    Personal time, as opposed to external time, has a certain role to play in the correct account of death and immortality. But saying exactly what that role is, and what role remains for external time, is not straightforward. I formulate and defend accounts of death and immortality that specify these roles precisely.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. When Do Things Die?Cody Gilmore - 2013 - In Ben Bradley, Jens Johansson & Fred Feldman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Death. Oxford University Press.
  43. Defining 'Dead' in Terms of 'Lives' and 'Dies'.Cody Gilmore - 2007 - Philosophia 35 (2):219-231.
    What is it for a thing to be dead? Fred Feldman holds, correctly in my view, that a definition of ‘dead’ should leave open both (1) the possibility of things that go directly from being dead to being alive, and (2) the possibility of things that go directly from being alive to being neither alive nor dead, but merely in suspended animation. But if this is right, then surely such a definition should also leave open the possibility of things that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  44. Death in Fifteenth-Century Castile: Ideologies of the ElitesLaura Vivanco.Patricia E. Grieve - 2005 - Speculum 80 (4):1385-1387.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. The Death of a Person.David B. Hershenov - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (2):107 – 120.
    Drawing upon Lynne Baker's idea of the person derivatively possessing the properties of a constituting organism, I argue that even if persons aren't identical to living organisms, they can each literally die a biological death. Thus we can accept that we're not essentially organisms and can still die without having to admit that there are two concepts and criteria of death as Jeff McMahan and Robert Veatch do. Furthermore, we can accept James Bernat's definition of "death" without having to insist, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Dead Souls and Living Instruments.Larry Hickman - 1991 - Southwest Philosophy Review 7 (1):1-18.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. On the Ordinary Concept of Death.Stephen Holland - 2010 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):109-122.
    What is death? The question is of wide-ranging practical importance because we need to be able to distinguish the living from the dead in order to treat both appropriately; specifically, the permissibility of retrieving vital organs for transplantation depends upon the potential donor's ontological status. There is a well-established and influential biological definition of death as irreversible breakdown in the functioning of the organism as a whole, but it continues to elicit disquiet and rejoinders. The central claims of this paper (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  48. On Defining Death. An Analytic Study of the Concept of Death in Philosophy and Medical Ethics.Peter Hucklenbroich - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):361-365.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Dead Bored: Debord's Dead.Andrew Hussey - 1995 - Philosophy Now 14:22-23.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Halandoan lakozik szabadsagaban az ember...Kiraly V. Istvan - 2007 - Kalligram.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 99