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Summary

This category is about dehumanization as a social phenomenon of regarding or treating other humans as not or less human. Some people have been denied membership in the human species, which is a kind of dehumanization that is known since antiquity and that had some late reverberations in the 19th century. When people are regarded as less human rather than categorically as not human, dehumanization appears in its graded form, which is prevalent even in contemporary society. It can be explicit (blatant) or implicit. Often it utilizes the animal-human divide (animalistic dehumanization) or the machine-human divide (mechanistic dehumanization). Some researchers also connect dehumanization to objectification, de-individualization or depersonalization. Obviously, what dehumanization refers to depends on what ‘human’ means since it is the human (i.e. what it means to be human) that is attributed more or less in dehumanization. Further keywords that target specific forms or aspects of dehumanization are, for instance, animalization, commodification, sexism, racism and speciesism. 

Remark on other uses: Often the term ‘dehumanization’ shows up in philosophy not as what is studied, but simply in order to stress a negative evaluation of a phenomenon under study. For instance, physicalism, capitalist society or abortion have been taken as dehumanizing in that negative-qualifer sense. Works that use dehumanization only in that sense are not included in this category since it would broaden the category too much. There are also papers on art or natural sciences not as dehumanizing but as dehumanized: these papers refer to various forms of ‘leaving out the human’ in arts or sciences. Since these studies also do not refer (or at least not directly) to the social phenomenon of people regarding and treating other people as not or less human, they are also not included in this category.

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81 found
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  1. added 2018-10-15
    Resisting Dehumanization: Citizen Voices and Acts of Solidarity.Inger Lassen - 2018 - Critical Discourse Studies 15 (5):427-443.
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  2. added 2018-10-15
    Cuidado humanizado en pacientes con limitación del esfuerzo terapéutico en cuidados intensivos, desafíos para enfermería.Macarena Yañez Dabdoub & Ivonne Esmeralda Vargas Celis - 2018 - Persona y Bioética 22 (1):56-75.
    En las unidades de cuidados intensivos el equipo de salud utiliza todas las medidas posibles para preservar la vida de sus pacientes. No obstante, cuando las terapias son fútiles, se decide limitar el esfuerzo terapéutico. Este artículo tiene como objetivo describir los factores que pueden llevar a enfermería a deshumanizar sus cuidados en pacientes en LET en UCI. Revisión de la literatura en bases de datos, con las palabras clave: critical care, intensive care unit, limitation of therapeutic effort, end of (...)
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  3. added 2018-10-15
    The Significance of Dehumanization: Nazi Ideology and its Psychological Consequences.Johannes Steizinger - 2018 - Politics, Religion and Ideology 19 (1):1-19.
    Several authors have recently questioned whether dehumanization is a psychological prerequisite of mass violence. This paper argues that the significance of dehumanization in the context of National Socialism can be understood only if its ideological dimension is taken into account. The author concentrates on Alfred Rosenberg’s racist doctrine and shows that Nazi ideology can be read as a political anthropology that grounds both the belief in the German privilege and the dehumanization of the Jews. This anthropological framework combines biological, cultural (...)
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  4. added 2018-10-15
    Denying Humanity: The Distinct Neural Correlates of Blatant Dehumanization.Emile Bruneau, Nir Jacoby, Nour Kteily & Rebecca Saxe - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (7):1078-1093.
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  5. added 2018-10-15
    Violence and the Evolving Face of Yao in Taiping Propaganda.Huan Jin - 2018 - Journal of Religion and Violence 6 (1):127-144.
    This paper explores the interplay between rhetorical and political violence during the Taiping Civil War. Specifically, I examine how yao 妖, a conception bearing many cultural and historical connotations, was profusely employed in Taiping propaganda and in individual testimonies reflecting traditional political and religious beliefs. In extant Taiping placards, the Taiping rebels used xiwen 檄文, the prose of “call to arms,” to persuade people to take up the Taiping cause and to solicit and justify violence. With the compilation and extensive (...)
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  6. added 2018-10-15
    How Liberal is a Liberal Eugenics?Nathan Van Camp - 2014 - Humana Mente 7 (26).
    This article critically surveys the current bioethical and politico-philosophical debate about the ethical permissibility of a so-called ‘liberal eugenics’ and argues that neither the liberal argument for nor the liberal argument against human genetic enhancement is internally consistent as, ultimately, each ends up violating the very liberal principles it nonetheless pretends to defend. In particular, it will be shown that while the argument against a new eugenics necessarily entails a preemptive dehumanization of any potential enhanced form of life, the argument (...)
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  7. added 2018-05-02
    The Color of Childhood: The Role of the Child/Human Binary in the Production of Anti-Black Racism.Toby Rollo - 2018 - Journal of Black Studies 49 (4):307-329.
    The binary between the figure of the child and the fully human being is invoked with regularity in analyses of race, yet its centrality to the conception of race has never been fully explored. For most commentators, the figure of the child operates as a metaphoric or rhetorical trope, a non-essential strategic tool in the perpetuation of White supremacy. As I show in the following, the child/human binary does not present a contingent or merely rhetorical construction but, rather, a central (...)
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  8. added 2018-04-01
    What's Left of Human Nature? A Post-Essentialist, Pluralist and Interactive Account of a Contested Concept.Maria Kronfeldner - forthcoming - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Human nature has always been a foundational issue for philosophy. What does it mean to have a human nature? Is the concept the relic of a bygone age? What is the use of such a concept? What are the epistemic and ontological commitments people make when they use the concept? In What’s Left of Human Nature? Maria Kronfeldner offers a philosophical account of human nature that defends the concept against contemporary criticism. In particular, she takes on challenges related to social (...)
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  9. added 2018-01-27
    The Wrong of Injustice, by Mari Mikkola.Katharine Jenkins - 2018 - Mind 127 (506):618-627.
    The Wrong of Injustice, by MikkolaMari. Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp. 285.
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  10. added 2018-01-27
    Mikkola, Mari. The Wrong of Injustice: Dehumanization and Its Role in Feminist Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp. 298. $99.00 ; $35.00. [REVIEW]Natalie Stoljar - 2018 - Ethics 128 (2):483-487.
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  11. added 2017-12-09
    Mother, Monster, Mrs, I: A Critical Evaluation of Gendered Naming Strategies in English Sentencing Remarks of Women Who Kill.Amanda Potts & Siobhan Weare - 2018 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 31 (1):21-52.
    In this article, we take a novel approach to analysing English sentencing remarks in cases of women who kill. We apply computational, quantitative, and qualitative methods from corpus linguistics to analyse recurrent patterns in a collection of English Crown Court sentencing remarks from 2012 to 2015, where a female defendant was convicted of a homicide offence. We detail the ways in which women who kill are referred to by judges in the sentencing remarks, providing frequency information on pronominal, nominative, and (...)
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  12. added 2017-12-09
    Humanizing and Dignifying Cultures: Dialogues with Religious Utopias.Robin S. Seelan - 2017 - Dialogue and Universalism 27 (3):27-37.
    Cultures can be divided into two kinds: exclusive and inclusive. Exclusive cultures are oppressed, vulnerable, and dehumanizing. Inclusive cultures are dignifying and humanizing, and they move towards the ideals of egalitarianism, prosperity, justice, etc. Religion, as part of culture, plays influential roles in the formation and promotion of ideals. This promotion can be located in religious utopias, because almost all religions hold utopias as central to their ideals and chart their ideologies towards these. In the context of exclusion and inclusion, (...)
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  13. added 2017-12-09
    ‘My Little Wild Fever-Struck Brother’: Human and Animal Subjectivity in Hélène Cixous’ Algeria.Helen Andersson - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 78 (4-5):456-468.
    This article examines the place of human and animal subjectivity in two autobiographically informed texts by Hélène Cixous. It takes her view on the word ‘human’ and the figure of Fips, the dog of the Cixous family, as a point of departure. By thinking through this figure, I argue, Cixous analyses the dehumanizing logic of colonialism and anti-Semitism in Algeria and develops her own response to such kinds of political evils, arguing for human relationality and animal corporeality. The article shows (...)
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  14. added 2017-12-09
    Freud, Frankenstein and Our Fear of Robots: Projection in Our Cultural Perception of Technology.Michael Szollosy - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (3):433-439.
    This paper examines why robots are so often presented as monstrous in the popular media, regardless of the intended applications of the robots themselves. The figure of the robot monster is examined in its historical and cultural specificity—that is, as a direct descendent of monsters that we have grown accustomed to since the nineteenth century: Frankenstein, Mr. Hyde, vampires, zombies, etc. Using the psychoanalytic notion of projection, these monsters are understood as representing human anxieties regarding the dehumanising tendencies of science (...)
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  15. added 2017-12-09
    Perceiving Mixed Valence Emotions Reduces Intergroup Dehumanisation.Francesca Prati & Roger Giner-Sorolla - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):1018-1031.
    ABSTRACTTo deny others’ humanity is one of the most heinous forms of intergroup prejudice. Given evidence that perceiving various forms of complexity in outgroup members reduces intergroup prejudice, we investigated across three experiments whether the novel dimension of emotional complexity, or outgroup members’ joint experience of mixed-valence emotions, would also reduce their dehumanisation. Experiment 1 found that perceiving fictitious aliens’ experience of the same primary emotions presented in mixed vs. non-mixed valence pairs led to reduced prejudice via attenuated dehumanisation, i.e. (...)
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  16. added 2017-07-27
    The Wrong of Injustice: Dehumanization and its Role in Feminist Philosophy by Mari Mikkola.Kathryn Gillespie - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (2):1-5.
    Mari Mikkola identifies three primary forms of social injustice—oppression, domination, and discrimination—and asks what makes them wrong. She argues that feminist philosophy has thus far focused heavily on gender as a lens or anchor through which to understand and respond to injustice. In Mikkola's view, this orientation around gender is limiting feminist philosophers' theoretical engagement with the roots of injustice. To remedy this problem, she builds a case for moving toward a more broadly humanist conception of injustice. The humanist feminism (...)
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  17. added 2017-05-22
    Biohacking Gender.Malatino Hilary - 2017 - Angelaki 22 (2):179-190.
    This essay explores how, for many minoritized peoples, cyborg ontology is experienced as dehumanizing rather than posthumanizing. Rereading Haraway’s Cyborg Manifesto through a decolonial, transfeminist lens, it explores the implications of Haraway’s assertion that cyborg subjectivity is the “illegitimate offspring of militarism and patriarchal capitalism” by examining the modern/colonial development and deployment of microprosthetic hormonal technologies – so often heralded as one of the technologies ushering in a queer, posthuman, post-gender future – as mechanisms of gendered and racialized subjective control (...)
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  18. added 2017-05-22
    Transcending the Human/Non-Human Divide.Madina Tlostanova - 2017 - Angelaki 22 (2):25-37.
    This article focuses on the analysis of the geo-politics and body-politics of being, and perception as the key concepts in the decolonial option grounded in the spatiality and corporeality of our cognitive and perceptive mechanisms. Revived spatiality refers in this case not only to a physical space that we inhabit but also to our bodies as specific spatial entities – the privileged white male bodies or the damned, non-white, dehumanized and often gendered and sexualized bodies from the underside of modernity. (...)
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  19. added 2017-05-15
    The Classroom as Privileged Space: Psychoanalytic Paradigms for Social Justice in Pedagogy.Tapo Chimbganda - 2017 - Lexington Books.
    This book examines the psychic and emotional effects of the dehumanization of children based on discrimination and difference in classrooms. Using psychoanalysis, it highlights the emotional structures that develop in learners through the repeated trauma of racism and homophobia. Recommended for scholars in education, psychoanalysis, and sociology.
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  20. added 2017-05-15
    Dehumanized Denizens, Displayed Animals: Prison Tourism and the Discourse of the Zoo.Kelly Struthers Montford - 2016 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 6 (1):73-91.
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  21. added 2017-03-11
    Judith Butler and an Ethics of Humanization.Hülya Şimga - 2014 - Dialogue and Universalism 24 (3):166-173.
    This paper argues that the question of the human is a major concern in Judith Butler’s philosophy. I believe that although this concern is more visible in her relatively recent works on ethics and politics, in her earlier works it is always in the background. I read Butler as a deep thinker on the nature of the human, and argue that her thoughts on ethics and politics should be read as a yearning for a human condition where a collectively inhabitable (...)
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  22. added 2017-03-11
    “The Innsmouth Look”: H. P. Lovecraft’s Ambivalent Modernism.Tracy Bealer - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 6 (14):44-50.
    “The Innsmouth Look: H. P. Lovecraft’s Ambivalent Modernism” explores how horror writing responds to the anxieties and possibilities presented by historical modernity. Lovecraft, in his short story “The Shadow Over Innsmouth,” translated contemporary concerns about immigration, industrialization and racial difference into a plot about a young traveler encountering a terrifying alien population in a small New England town. The essay examines the ways that this story both demonstrates how the dehumanization of the racialized “other” operated during the modern period, and (...)
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  23. added 2017-03-11
    The Cubicle Warrior: The Marionette of Digitalized Warfare. [REVIEW]Rinie van Est - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (3):289-296.
    In the last decade we have entered the era of remote controlled military technology. The excitement about this new technology should not mask the ethical questions that it raises. A fundamental ethical question is who may be held responsible for civilian deaths. In this paper we will discuss the role of the human operator or so-called ‘cubicle warrior’, who remotely controls the military robots behind visual interfaces. We will argue that the socio-technical system conditions the cubicle warrior to dehumanize the (...)
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  24. added 2017-03-11
    Un mundo inhabitable o por debajo de las necesidades.Francisco José Pérez Fernández - 2010 - Investigaciones Fenomenológicas 7:275-292.
    La presente comunicación pretende desbrozar el proceso de deshumanizaciónal que fue sometido el ser humano en los campos de exterminio. Todo ello, y en la medida de lo posible, atendiendo de manera fundamental a los testimonios de los sobrevivientes, como Primo Levi, Jean Amery, Víktor Frakl, etc. spa, la pérdida del lenguaje y la imposibilidad de ponerse en el lugar del otro, además de la anulación de la comunicación. Para finalizar con la reivindicación de la memoria y el testimonio como (...)
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  25. added 2017-03-11
    Torture and the War on Terror.Gila Walker (ed.) - 2009 - Seagull Books.
    Though the recent election of American President Barack Obama and his signing of the executive order to close the prison at Guantanamo Bay signals a considerable shift away from the policies of the Bush era, the lessons to be learned from the war on terror will remain relevant and necessary for many years to come. In the aftermath of 9/11, the United States government approved interrogation tactics for enemy combatant detainees that could be defined as torture, which was outlawed in (...)
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  26. added 2017-03-11
    Obscenity: Dvd.Ken Knisely, Natsha Kyburg, Peter Jemma & Mark Casale - 2001 - Milk Bottle Productions.
    What are the stakes when we allow sexually explicit images to have wide circulation in our culture? How can we judge the moral status of pornography and erotica? Is the arousal of desire by a depiction and not another person essentially dehumanizing? With Natsha Kyburg, Peter Jemma, and Mark Casale.
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  27. added 2017-03-11
    The Ethics of Surrogacy: Women's Reproductive Labour.Anton van Niekerk & Liezl van Zyl - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (6):345-349.
    The aim of this article is to establish whether there is anything intrinsically immoral about surrogacy arrangements from the perspective of the surrogate mother herself. Specific attention is paid to the claim that surrogacy is similar to prostitution in that it reduces women's reproductive labour to a form of alienated and/or dehumanized labour.
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  28. added 2017-02-25
    Ethics in an Age of Terror and Genocide: Identity and Moral Choice.Kristen Renwick Monroe - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    What causes genocide? Why do some stand by, doing nothing, while others risk their lives to help the persecuted? Ethics in an Age of Terror and Genocide analyzes riveting interviews with bystanders, Nazi supporters, and rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust to lay bare critical psychological forces operating during genocide. Monroe's insightful examination of these moving--and disturbing--interviews underscores the significance of identity for moral choice. Monroe finds that self-image and identity--especially the sense of self in relation to others--determine and delineate (...)
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  29. added 2017-02-25
    Un mundo inhabitable o por debajo de las necesidades : de la imposibilidad de ser humano.Francisco José Pérez Fernández - 2010 - Investigaciones Fenomenológicas 7:293.
    La presente comunicación pretende desbrozar el proceso de deshumanizaciónal que fue sometido el ser humano en los campos de exterminio. Todo ello, y en la medida de lo posible, atendiendo de manera fundamental a los testimonios de los sobrevivientes, como Primo Levi, Jean Amery, Víktor Frakl, etc. spa, la pérdida del lenguaje y la imposibilidad de ponerse en el lugar del otro, además de la anulación de la comunicación. Para finalizar con la reivindicación de la memoria y el testimonio como (...)
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  30. added 2017-02-25
    On Immorality of Terrorism and War.Predrag Cicovacki - 2003 - Filozofija I Društvo 2003 (22):115-132.
    The author first analyzes differences and similarities between war and terrorism and then argues that both are deeply immoral. Their differences are far less significant that their similarities, the main one of which consists in the denial of the view that every human life is equally worthy. This denial opens a way for an inhuman and violent treatment of those who are not as valuable as we are, which characterizes both terrorism and war. Besides having such unacceptable moral implications with (...)
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  31. added 2017-02-24
    The Moment of Microaggression: The Experience of Acts of Oppression, Dehumanization and Exploitation.Michael A. Dover - 2016 - Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 27 (7-8):575-586.
    After a brief introduction and review of recent literature on microaggressions, a theoretical typology of three sources of social injustice (oppression, dehumanization, and exploitation) contributes to the theorization of the sources of microaggressions. A selected compendium of words and affective phrases generated in classroom exercises illustrates the nature of the experience of the moment of microaggression. Future research on microaggressions as well as evaluation of practice should examine the experience of microaggression, including being subjected to microaggression, initiating such acts, and (...)
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  32. added 2017-02-24
    "Lllegal" Immigrants: Law, Fantasy, and Guts.Carlos Alberto Sánchez - 2014 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 21 (1):99-109.
    This paper exammes the construction and de-construction of the "illegal" immigrant in media spectacle and public discourse. I examme the manner in which hnmigrants are rendered "illegal" and then processed through a mechanism of dehumanization where they are simultaneously located in and outside the space of law. In this process, the "illegal" immigrant is stripped of rights, humanity, and intention. The "illegal" immigrant, seen merely as a body or text, becomes a thing—more precisely, a type of equipment, that as equipment, (...)
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  33. added 2017-02-24
    Recovering the Human in Human Rights.Diana Tietjens Meyers - 2014 - Law, Culture, and Humanities:1-30.
    It is often said that human rights are the rights that people possess simply in virtue of being human – that is, in virtue of their intrinsic, dignity-defining common humanity. Yet, on closer inspection the human rights landscape doesn’t look so even. Once we bring perpetrators of human rights abuse and their victims into the picture, attributions of humanity to persons become unstable. In this essay, I trace the ways in which rights discourse ascribes variable humanity to certain categories of (...)
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  34. added 2017-02-24
    Tras los monstruos de la biopolítica.Isabel Balza - 2013 - Dilemata 12:27-46.
    In this paper I examine the figure of the monster, in both its negative and positive aspects, such as the notion of biopolitics. As a negative figure, the monster would represent the dehumanized subject produced by exclusion mechanisms operating in destructive version of biopolitics, resulting in thanatopolitics, and in this sense provokes horror and abjection. Here I will use the analyses of the anthropological machine (Agamben), the device of the person (Esposito) and indefinite detention (Butler). As a positive figure, the (...)
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  35. added 2017-02-24
    Humanimal: Race, Law, Language.Kalpana Rahita Seshadri - 2012 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    _HumAnimal_ explores the experience of dehumanization as the privation of speech. Taking up the figure of silence as the space between human and animal, it traces the potential for an alternate political and ethical way of life beyond law. Employing the resources offered by deconstruction as well as an ontological critique of biopower, Kalpana Rahita Seshadri suggests that humAnimal, as the site of impropriety opened by racism and manifested by silence, can be political and hazardous to power. Through the lens (...)
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  36. added 2017-02-24
    Cuteness and Disgust: The Humanizing and Dehumanizing Effects of Emotion.Gary D. Sherman & Jonathan Haidt - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):245-251.
    Moral emotions are evolved mechanisms that function in part to optimize social relationships. We discuss two moral emotions— disgust and the “cuteness response”—which modulate social-engagement motives in opposite directions, changing the degree to which the eliciting entity is imbued with mental states (i.e., mentalized). Disgust-inducing entities are hypo-mentalized (i.e., dehumanized); cute entities are hyper-mentalized (i.e., “humanized”). This view of cuteness—which challenges the prevailing view that cuteness is a releaser of parental instincts (Lorenz, 1950/1971)—explains (a) the broad range of affiliative behaviors (...)
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  37. added 2017-02-24
    'Human-Ness', 'Dehumanisation' and Performance Enhancement.Leon Culbertson - 2007 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (2):195 – 217.
    This paper focuses on the claim by Schneider and Butcher (2000) that it makes little sense to criticise the use of performance-enhancing drugs as ?dehumanising? (as, for example, Hoberman does (1992)) because we are unable to give a satisfactory account of what it is to be human. Schneider and Butcher (2000, 196) put this as follows: ?The dehumanisation argument is interesting but incomplete. It is incomplete because we do not have an agreed-upon conception of what it is to be human. (...)
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  38. added 2017-02-24
    Cruelty's Utility: The Evolution of Same-Species Killing.Malcolm Potts - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):238-238.
    Human beings, like chimpanzees, deliberately kill their own species in order to expand their territory. For a self-aware social animal to attack its own kind, it would need to evolve a mechanism to dehumanize, or “dechimpanzee-ize” those it attacks. It is suggested that cruelty reflects such an evolved predisposition. The implications for violence prevention are discussed.
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  39. added 2017-02-24
    Dehumanizing Women.Susan Sherwin - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):671-681.
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  40. added 2017-02-24
    Book Review:Dehumanizing Women: Treating Persons as Sex Objects. Linda LeMoncheck. [REVIEW]Patricia S. Mann - 1986 - Ethics 96 (4):885-.
  41. added 2017-02-24
    Dehumanizing Women: Treating Persons as Sex Objects.Linda Lemoncheck - 1986 - Ethics 96 (4):885-886.
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  42. added 2017-02-24
    Treating Persons as Sex Objects.Linda Lemoncheck - 1981 - Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles
    The aim of the dissertation is to examine critically the nature of, and objections to treating persons as sex objects. My thesis is that the sex object is treated as an object, body, or animal but not also in some other appropriate way, viz. as a moral equal to persons. The sex object is treated as lacking some or all of the rights to well-being and freedom that other persons enjoy. In this way, the sex object is dehumanized in her (...)
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  43. added 2016-12-26
    The Dehumanization of the Enemy.Antonio Cerella - unknown
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  44. added 2016-12-26
    Social Constraints on the Direct Perception of Emotions and Intentions.Shaun Gallagher & Somogy Varga - 2014 - Topoi 33 (1):185-199.
    In this paper, we first review recent arguments about the direct perception of the intentions and emotions of others, emphasizing the role of embodied interaction. We then consider a possible objection to the direct perception hypothesis from social psychology, related to phenomena like ‘dehumanization’ and ‘implicit racial bias’, which manifest themselves on a basic bodily level. On the background of such data, one might object that social perception cannot be direct since it depends on and can in fact be interrupted (...)
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  45. added 2016-12-26
    Social Connection Enables Dehumanization.Adam Waytz & Nicholas Epley - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 48 (1):70-76.
    Being socially connected has considerable benefits for oneself, but may have negative consequences for evaluations of others. In particular, being socially connected to close others satisfies the need for social connection, and creates disconnection from more distant others. We therefore predicted that feeling socially connected would increase the tendency to dehumanize more socially distant others. Four experiments support this prediction. Those led to feel socially connected were less likely to attribute humanlike mental states to members of various social groups, particularly (...)
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  46. added 2016-12-26
    Humanismo y violencia.Franz Hinkelammert - 2007 - Polis 18.
    El autor postula la necesidad de la recuperación del humanismo concreto, lo que requiere mirarlo de manera crítica y reconocer su desdoblamiento que lo vuelve un humanismo abstracto que deriva hacia la violencia. Si no lo advertimos, señala el autor, a cada renacimiento del humanismo el circuito de desdoblamiento vuelve a empezar con su correspondiente justificación ideológica, que describe la deshumanización como una acción al servicio de lo humano.
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  47. added 2016-12-26
    The Unlearned Lessons of the Twentieth Century: An Essay on Late Modernity.Chantal Delsol - 2006 - Isi Books.
    In The Unlearned Lessons of the Twentieth Century , the sequel to Icarus Fallen, published by ISI Books in 2003, Chantal Delsol maintains that the age in which we live—late modernity—calls into question most of the truths and beliefs bequeathed to us from the past. Yet it clings to a central belief in the dignity of the human person, the cornerstone of the doctrine of universal human rights to which even secular Westerners still cling. At the same time, the process (...)
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  48. added 2016-12-26
    Treating Women as Sex-Objects.Christine Swanton, Viviane Robinson & Jan Crosthwaite - 1989 - Journal of Social Philosophy 20 (3):5-20.
    In this paper we have two related aims. First, we aim to present an account of what it is to treat women as sex-objects.1 Like other philosophical writers in the field, we hold that the central idea in an account of such treatment is the failure to treat women with proper respect in sexual behavior. This idea has been cashed out in terms of using,2 and in terms of dehumanization or failure to accord equal rights to freedom and welfare.3 However, (...)
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  49. added 2016-12-14
    Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others (Review).Peter Swirski - 2012 - Philosophy and Literature 36 (1):263-265.
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  50. added 2016-12-14
    Identity, Genocide, and Group Violence.David Moshman - 2011 - In Seth J. Schwartz, Koen Luyckx & Vivian L. Vignoles (eds.), Handbook of Identity Theory and Research. Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 917--932.
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