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  1. The Moral Value of Animals.Elisa Aaltola - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:219-225.
    Altruism has often been thought to be the reason we treat animals with a certain moral respect. Animals are not moral agents who could reciprocally honour our well being, and because of this duties toward them are considered to be based on other-directed motivations. Altruism is a vague notion, and in the context of animals can be divided into at least three different alternatives. The first one equates altruism with benevolence or "kindness"; the second one argues altruism is based on (...)
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  2. Scalar Properties, Binary Judgments.Larry Alexander - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (2):85–104.
    In the moral realm, our deontic judgments are usually (always?) binary. An act (or omission) is either morally forbidden or morally permissible. 1 Yet the determination of an act's deontic status frequently turns on the existence of properties that are matters of degree. In what follows I shall give several examples of binary moral judgments that turn on scalar properties, and I shall claim that these examples should puzzle us. How can the existence of a property to a specific degree (...)
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  3. Ferzander’s Surrebuttal.Larry Alexander & Kimberly Kessler Ferzan - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (3):463-465.
  4. Synthetic Biology, Deontology and Synthetic Bioethics.Robin Attfield - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (1):29 - 32.
    Paul Thompson argues that current synthetic biology amounts to synthetic genomics, comprising a ?platform? technology, and that Christopher Preston's deontological objections based on its supposed rejection of the historical process of evolution miscarry. This makes it surprising that Thompson's normative ethic consists in a deontological appeal to Kantian duties of imperfect obligation. Construed as obligations subject to choice, such constraints risk being excessively malleable where the ethical objections to deployment of this technology concern land rights and/or exploitation. Thompson's advocacy of (...)
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  5. What Matters and How It Matters: A Choice-Theoretic Representation of Moral Theories.Franz Dietrich & Christian List - 2017 - Philosophical Review 126 (4):421-479.
    We present a new “reason-based” approach to the formal representation of moral theories, drawing on recent decision-theoretic work. We show that any moral theory within a very large class can be represented in terms of two parameters: a specification of which properties of the objects of moral choice matter in any given context, and a specification of how these properties matter. Reason-based representations provide a very general taxonomy of moral theories, as differences among theories can be attributed to differences in (...)
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  6. Utilitarianism, Deontology, and the Priority of Right.Samuel Freeman - 1994 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (4):313-349.
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  7. A Minimalist Ethic of Duty.Phillip Goggans - 2000 - Journal of Philosophical Research 25:431-436.
    It is proposed that an act is morally wrong just in case it is a violation of a duty not to perform that particular act. This is equivalent to the claim that acts have their moral status essentially. This theory preserves some main deontological intuitions without making problematic claims about kinds of acts.
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  8. Perspektiven der Diskursethik.Niels Gottschalk-Mazouz (ed.) - 2004 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
    More than 20 years ago, Jürgen Habermas and Karl-Otto Apel started the philosophical research program of Discourse Ethics. This led to a broad discussion about the correct justification and application of basic principles of Discourse Ethics, from which several comprehensive new conceptions emerged in recent years. The authors of this anthology discuss central problems of the previous designs in a constructive way, they carry out alternative designs and thus open up new perspectives for discourse ethics. Niels Gottschalk-Mazouz: Einleitung - William (...)
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  9. Diskursethische Varianten.Niels Gottschalk-Mazouz - 2002 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 50 (1):87-104.
    The paper discusses recent developments in Discourse Ethics and argues for a new proposal of how to spell out its core ideas. It finds that its basic principles ("D" and "U") are too specific: they focus on norms, identify those affected with those participating in discourse and use the narrow vocabulary of interests and consequences. It proposes instead: (D1) Only those claims are valid that can be defended against any objection of any possible agent. Discourse Ethics should be understood as (...)
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  10. Diskursethik: Theorien, Entwicklungen, Perspektiven.Niels Gottschalk-Mazouz - 2000 - De Gruyter.
    The book discusses recent developments in Discourse Ethics and argues for a new proposal of how to spell out its core ideas. It finds that its basic principles ("D" and "U") are too specific: they focus on norms, identify those affected with those participating in discourse and use the narrow vocabulary of interests and consequences. It proposes instead: (D1) Only those claims are valid that can be defended against any objection of any possible agent. Discourse Ethics should be understood as (...)
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  11. Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint.Joseph Heath - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Introduction -- Instrumental rationality -- Social order -- Deontic constraint -- Intentional states -- Preference noncognitivism -- A naturalistic perspective -- Transcendental necessity -- Weakness of will -- Normative ethics.
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  12. The Numbers Problem.Nien-hê Hsieh, Alan Strudler & David Wasserman - 2006 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 34 (4):352-372.
  13. On the Wrong Track: Process and Content in Moral Psychology.Guy Kahane - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (5):519-545.
    According to Joshua Greene’s influential dual process model of moral judgment, different modes of processing are associated with distinct moral outputs: automatic processing with deontological judgment, and controlled processing with utilitarian judgment. This paper aims to clarify and assess Greene’s model. I argue that the proposed tie between process and content is based on a misinterpretation of the evidence, and that the supposed evidence for controlled processing in utilitarian judgment is actually likely to reflect generic deliberation which, ironically, is incompatible (...)
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  14. Collaboration and Responsibility.F. M. Kamm - 2000 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 28 (3):169-204.
  15. Review: Non-Consequentialism, the Person as an End-in-Itself, and the Significance of Status. [REVIEW]F. M. Kamm - 1992 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 21 (4):354 - 389.
  16. Human Rights: Are They Just a Tweak for the Policy Makers or Administrators?Kiyoung Kim - 2014 - EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH 2 (6):7760-7783.
    The human rights often are cited as an ultimate goal for the discipline of social science. It guides the UN in the pursuit of its organizational mission, and the civil democratic government generally endorses this paradigm of state rule as supreme. Nonetheless, it seems a mishap if the human rights are thought to be valued only in the courtroom or police office. They are the kind of ubiquitous concept that we could share and must share, who would be the scientists (...)
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  17. Rawls on Teleology and Deontology.Will Kymlicka - 1988 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (3):173-190.
  18. Accommodating Options.Seth Lazar - forthcoming - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
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  19. Limited Aggregation and Risk.Seth Lazar - forthcoming - Philosophy and Public Affairs.
  20. Moral Sunk Costs.Seth Lazar - forthcoming - The Philosophical Quarterly.
    Suppose that you are trying to pursue a morally worthy goal, but cannot do so without incurring some moral costs. At the outset, you believed that achieving your goal was worth no more than a given moral cost. And suppose that, time having passed, you have wrought only harm and injustice, without advancing your cause. You can now reflect on whether to continue. Your goal is within reach. What's more, you believe you can achieve it by incurring—from this point forward—no (...)
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  21. Auf Dem Weg Zu Einer Afrikanischen Moraltheorie.Thaddeus Metz - 2015 - In Franziska Dübgen & Stefan Skupien (eds.), Afrikanische politische Philosophie - Postkoloniale Positionen. Suhrkamp. pp. 295-329.
    German translation by Andreas Rauhut of a mildly revised version of 'Toward an African Moral Theory' (Journal of Political Philosophy 2007).
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  22. The African Ethic of Ubuntu/Botho.Thaddeus Metz - 2011 - In Sharlene Swarz & Monica Taylor (eds.), Moral Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. Routledge. pp. 7-24.
    In this chapter, a reprint of an article initially appearing in the Journal of Moral Education (2010), we provide a theoretical reconstruction of sub-Saharan ethics that we argue is a strong competitor to typical Western approaches to morality. According to our African moral theory, actions are right roughly insofar as they are a matter of living harmoniously with others or honouring communal relationships. After spelling out this ethic, we apply it to several issues in both normative and empirical research into (...)
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  23. Ingmar Persson, From Morality to the End of Reason (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), Pp. 336. [REVIEW]Sven Nyholm - 2014 - Utilitas 26 (3):321-325.
    Persson argues that common sense morality involves various “asymmetries” that don’t stand up to rational scrutiny. (One example is that intentionally harming others is commonly thought to be worse than merely allowing harm to happen, even if the harm involved is equal in both cases.) A wholly rational morality would, Persson argues, be wholly symmetrical. He also argues, however, that when we get down to our most basic attitudes and dispositions, we reach the “end of reason,” at which point we (...)
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  24. Moralism and the Good.Michael Philips - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 52 (1):131 - 139.
    It is often held that moral considerations take precedence over considerations of other kinds in determining what we ought to do. I contend that this claim is ambiguous and argue that objections to each interpretation of it can be met only by rejecting the other. One surprising consequence of my argument is that no deontic moral theory can effectively guide action unless it is conjoined with a theory of the good. Another interesting consequence is that the deontologists' favorite objection to (...)
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  25. On the Primacy of Duties.Daniel N. Robinson and Rom Harre - 1995 - Philosophy 70:513-532.
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  26. Exploring Alternatives to the Simple Model: Is There an Atomistic Option?Luke Robinson - 2012 - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Vol. 2. Oxford University Press.
    The simple model maintains that morally relevant factors combine in a simple, additive way, like weights on a scale. Although intuitive and familiar, this model entails that certain plausible views about particular cases and how morally relevant factors combine and interact therein are false. Shelly Kagan suggests that we could accommodate the relevant views and interactions by rejecting either of two assumptions the simple model makes: that the moral status of an act is determined by the sum of the contributions (...)
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  27. Etyka normatywna. Między konsekwencjalizmem a deontologią.Krzysztof Saja - 2015 - Universitas.
    The primary goal of this monograph is to justify the possibility of building a hybrid theory of normative ethics which can combine ethical consequentialism, deontology and virtue ethics. The aim of the book is to demonstrate the possibility of constructing a synthetic theory from ethical traditions that are generally considered to be contradictory. In addition, I propose an outline of an original theory which tries to carry out such a synthesis. I call it Institutional Function Consequentialism. The justification for a (...)
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  28. Deontological Moral Obligations and Non-Welfarist Agent-Relative Values.Michael Smith - 2011 - Ratio 24 (4):351-363.
    Many claim that a plausible moral theory would have to include a principle of beneficence, a principle telling us to produce goods that are both welfarist and agent-neutral. But when we think carefully about the necessary connection between moral obligations and reasons for action, we see that agents have two reasons for action, and two moral obligations: they must not interfere with any agent's exercise of his rational capacities and they must do what they can to make sure that agents (...)
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  29. Zu Fichtes Theorie des Gewissens.Franz Ungler - 1979 - Wiener Jahrbuch für Philosophie 12:212-235.
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  30. Ignoring the Good and Deontological Rationality.Natalie Hormaz Vania - 1991 - Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park
    This project clarifies and strengthens moral deontology and offers a deontological view of rationality. In order to do this, an unquestioned assumption, that the good always provides some reason to wish for or to promote obtaining it, is overturned. This is the pro tanto assumption. It is relied upon explicitly by the moral consequentialist and rational optimizer, and it's relied upon implicitly by the moral deontologist. I argue instead for the non pro tanto thesis, that something's being good may provide (...)
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  31. Variations, Good and Bad, on the Theme of Right Reason in Ethics.Henry Veatch - 1983 - The Monist 66 (1):49-70.
    Can right reason, Properly understood, Provide a justification for our moral duties? modern deontological or kantian type ethical theories generally argue that moral duties are duties to perform certain actions "without" reference to any end to be achieved. But rational action, I.E., Action dictated by practical reason cannot be other than purposive action, I.E., Action directed toward some end to be achieved. As such, Deontology must fail in its attempt to answer the question, Why be moral at all. Turning to (...)
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  32. Review of Autonomy and Rights: The Moral Foundations of Liberalism. [REVIEW]Matt Zwolinski - 2009 - Journal of Value Inquiry 43 (2):255-262.
    This is a review of Horacio Spector's book on the occassion of its publiaction in paperback form in 2007. The version of the review posted here includes a number of footnotes and references that had to be deleted in the final published version.
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  1. Reflections on the Banality of (Radical) Evil.Henry E. Allison - 1995 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 18 (2):141-158.
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  2. Kant's Highest Political Good.Sorin Baiasu - 2013 - In Valentin Muresan & Shunzo Majima (eds.), Applied Ethics. Sapporo, Japan: Hokkaido University. pp. 15-35.
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  3. Morality and Concepts of a Person: A Critical Study of Three Philosophers.Judith Polsky Baker - 1980 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
    The discussion of Kant has as its focus the argument for the second formulation of the categorical imperative, the Principle of Humanity. In addition to reconstructing the Kantian argument, I try to interpret the notion of an End in Itself and to offer an account of the form of justification for actions offered by Kant. The discussion of Kant offers only a partial view of his ethical theory and is not intended to be as fully critical as the previous two (...)
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  4. Ethical Experience and the Motives for Practical Rationality. Barber - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (4):425-441.
    John McDowell’s ethical writings interpret ethical experience as intentional, socially-conditioned, virtuous responsiveness to situations and develop a modest account of practical rationality. His work converges with investigations of ethical experience by recent Kant scholars and Emmanuel Levinas. The Kantian interpreters and Levinas locate the categorical demands of ethical experience in rational agents’ demands for respect, while McDowell finds it in noble adherence to the demands of virtuous living. For McDowell, moral-practical rational efforts to justify ethics cannot transcend one’s form of (...)
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  5. Kant's Categories of Practical Reason as Such.R. J. Benton - 1980 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 71 (2):181.
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  6. The Ground of Moral Obligation.Ralph M. Blake - 1928 - International Journal of Ethics 38 (2):129-140.
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  7. The Ground of Moral Obligation.Ralph M. Blake - 1928 - International Journal of Ethics 38 (2):129-140.
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  8. The Ground of Moral Obligation.Ralph M. Blake - 1927 - Ethics 38 (2):129.
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  9. Emotions and Practical Reason in Kant.Maria Borges - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 10:161-166.
    In this paper, I shall discuss the relation between practical reason and emotions in Kant. First, I begin by explaining why knowledge of emotions is important for the transcendental project in the moral domain, understood as the claim that reason can determine our actions, in spite of our inclinations. Second, I explain the definition of affects and passions in Kant's philosophy and relate the two to feelings and the faculty of desire. I then question the possibility of controlling emotions, showing (...)
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  10. The Right, the Good, and the Threat of Despair: (Kantian) Ethics and the Need for Hope in God.Kyla Ebels-Duggan - 2015 - In Jonathan Kvanvig (ed.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion, vol 7. New York, NY, USA:
    Kant rejects all of the standard accounts of the dependence of morality on religious claims or commitment. He nevertheless thinks that morality “leads to” religion. I defend an account of this “leading to” relationship, arguing that it is the result of Kant’s struggle to capture the practical import of the consequences of our actions within a moral theory that rejects the idea that we must maximize the good. On this view, the best way to acknowledge that the outcomes of our (...)
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  11. J. Raz, "The Morality of Freedom". [REVIEW]G. Graham - 1987 - Philosophical Quarterly 37 (149):481.
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  12. Joachim Aufderheide and Ralf M. Bader : The Highest Good in Aristotle and Kant.Elena Irrera - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (3):813-815.
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  13. Rossvaer, Viggo, "Kant's Moral Philosophy: An Interpretation of the Categorical Imperative". [REVIEW]Dougals P. Lackey - 1982 - Ethics 93:208.
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  14. Book Review:The Bounds of Sense: An Essay on Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason." P. R. Strawson; Kant's Analytic. Jonathan Bennett; Kant's Solution for Verification in Metaphysics. D. P. Dryer; Kant's Philosophical Correspondence, 1759-99. Arnulf Zweig. [REVIEW]Herbert Lamm - 1967 - Ethics 78 (1):89-.
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  15. Radical Evil and Kant's Turn to Religion.Joseph P. Lawrence - 2002 - Journal of Value Inquiry 36 (2-3):319-335.
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  16. Freedom and Anthropology in Kant's Moral Philosophy.Seung-Kee Lee - 2004 - Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (4):569-574.
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  17. A Critical Reevaluation of the Alleged "Empty Formalism" of Kantian Ethics.Ping-Cheung Lo - 1981 - Ethics 91 (2):181-201.
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  18. Kant’s Theory of Virtue: The Value of Autocracy. [REVIEW]James Edwin Mahon - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (2):245-248.
    In this review I argue that there are three 'tests' for maxims in Kant: the Categorical Imperative test; what I call the 'Esteem' test; and what I call the 'Temptation' test. The first test is a test for what Kant calls "legality", but what we may call the moral permissibility of acting on a maxim. The second test is a test for what Kant calls "morality", but what we may call the presence of a "good will," or the motive of (...)
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