Related categories

415 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 415
Material to categorize
  1. Cosmos and Anthropos: A Philosophical Interpretation of the Anthropic Cosmological Principle. Errol E. Harris.John Leslie - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (4):667-669.
  2. Anthropic Arguments Outside of Cosmology and String Theory.Milan M. Cirkovic - unknown
    Anthropic reasoning has lately been strongly associated with the string theory landscape and some theories of particle cosmology, such as cosmological inflation. The association is not, contrary to multiple statements by physicists and philosophers alike, necessary. On the contrary, there are clear reasons and instances in which the anthropic reasoning is useful in a diverse range of fields such as planetary sciences, geophysics, future studies, risk analysis, origin of life studies, evolutionary theory, astrobiology and SETI studies, ecology, or even strategic (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Anthropic Shadow: Observation Selection Effects and Human Extinction Risks.Milan M. Ćirković, Anders Sandberg & Nick Bostrom - unknown
    We describe a significant practical consequence of taking anthropic biases into account in deriving predictions for rare stochastic catastrophic events. The risks associated with catastrophes such as asteroidal/cometary impacts, supervolcanic episodes, and explosions of supernovae/gamma-ray bursts are based on their observed frequencies. As a result, the frequencies of catastrophes that destroy or are otherwise incompatible with the existence of observers are systematically underestimated. We describe the consequences of the anthropic bias for estimation of catastrophic risks, and suggest some directions for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4. Conflict Between Anthropic Reasoning and Observation.K. D. Olum - 2004 - Analysis 64 (1):1-8.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5. Anthropic Bias: Observation Selection Effects in Science and Philosophy.Nick Bostrom - 2002 - Routledge.
    _Anthropic Bias_ explores how to reason when you suspect that your evidence is biased by "observation selection effects"--that is, evidence that has been filtered by the precondition that there be some suitably positioned observer to "have" the evidence. This conundrum--sometimes alluded to as "the anthropic principle," "self-locating belief," or "indexical information"--turns out to be a surprisingly perplexing and intellectually stimulating challenge, one abounding with important implications for many areas in science and philosophy. There are the philosophical thought experiments and paradoxes: (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  6. Is the Anthropic Principle a Poor Man’s Intelligent Design?John Ozolins - 2008 - Ethics Education 14 (1).
  7. M.A. Corey, God And The New Cosmology: The Anthropic Design Argument. [REVIEW]Andrew Jeffery - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14:246-248.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. The Anthropic Cosmological Principle.Patrick A. Wilson - 1989 - Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    The structure of the universe and of most objects in it is determined by a small number of physical constants. It can be shown that only a limited range of values for each of these constants is compatible with the existence of human life. The fact that we are able to exist--but just barely--calls for an explanation. In the last fifteen years, an "anthropic principle" has been proposed as a possible scientific explanation of the fortuitous features of our world. This (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Is the Idea of Scientific Explanation Unduly Anthropocentric? The Lessons of the Anthropic Principle.John Worrall & London School of Economics and Political Science - 1996 - London School of Economics, Centre for the Philosophy of the Natural and Social Sciences.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  10. A New Look At The Anthropic Principle: A Critical Study of Errol E. Harris's Cosmos and Anthropos: A Philosophical Interpretation of the Anthropic Cosmological Principle. [REVIEW]Marie George & Warren Murray - 1994 - Reason Papers 19:132-145.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Conditions of Knowledge: The Weak Anthropic Principle, Selection Effects, Transcendental Arguments and Provisoes.Sherrilyn Marie Roush - 1999 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    In this study I investigate routes through which empirical conditions required for activities of knowing come to be relevant to questions of justification, relevant, that is, to questions about what can be concluded from evidence gathered. Thus it investigates concretely the reasoning at several sites where conditions external to the knower's mind become important to internal questions of justification. ;In Chapter 2 I analyze the reasoning associated with the Weak Anthropic Principle ---"what we observe may be restricted by the conditions (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12. The Anthropic Principle and the Multiverse.Wolfgang Osterhage - 2012 - Philosophy Pathways 170.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. J. D. Barrow and F. J. Tipler, "The Anthropic Cosmological Principle".J. J. C. Smart - 1987 - Philosophical Quarterly 37 (149):463.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. John D. Barrow and Frank J. Tipler's "The Anthropic Cosmological Principle". [REVIEW]Charles Brown - 1988 - Reason Papers 13:217-223.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Does the Anthropic Principle Live Up to Scientific Standards?Peter P. Kirschenmann - 1992 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 8 (2):21-48.
  16. What Does the Anthropic Principle Explain.Robert J. Deltete - 1993 - Perspectives on Science 1:285-305.
  17. Tautology, Methodological Warning or Explanatory Makeshift-a Critical Discussion of a Few Anthropic Principles.Pp Kirschenmann - 1994 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (3):469-493.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Cogito Ergo Mundus Talis Est: On Some Metaphysical and Epistemological Aspects of the Anthropic Cosmological Principle.Marko Uršič - 2002 - Acta Analytica 17 (1):53-68.
    This paper deals with one of the basic philosophical questions in modern cosmology: can the so-called “Anthropic Principle”, considered as an alternative to the classical teleology of creation, be an adequate explanation of the evidence that our universe is “fine-tuned” for the emergence of life and consciousness. The main problem with this principle is not its presumed teleology, as it is sometimes wrongly supposed, but quite the contrary: its intention to avoid teleological explanations by including the existence of many universes (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Stationary Cosmologies and the Anthropic Principle.Milan M. Ćirković - 1999 - Theoria 42 (1-2):81-111.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Misuse of the Anthropic Principle: Quasireligious Pseudoscience Caught in Act.Milan M. Ćirković - 2006 - Theoria 49 (1-2):21-35.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. MA Corey, God and the New Cosmology: The Anthropic Design Argument Reviewed By.Andrew V. Jeffery - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (4):246-248.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. The Anthropic Principle.Victor J. Stenger - 2007 - In T. Flynn (ed.), The New Encyclopedia of Unbelief. Prometheus.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23. The Anthropic Principle Does Not Support Supernaturalism.Michael Ikeda & Bill Jefferys - 2006 - In Michael Martin & Ricki Monnier (eds.), The Improbability of God. Prometheus Books. pp. 150--166.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24. The Anthropic Principle and its Epistemological Status in Modern Physical Cosmology.Bernulf Kanitscheider - 1991 - In Evandro Agazzi & Alberto Cordero (eds.), Philosophy and the Origin and Evolution of the Universe. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 361--397.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25. Agencies, Capacities, and Anthropic Self-Selection.Milan M. Cirkovic - 2004 - In Margaret A. Simons, Marybeth Timmermann & Mary Beth Mader (eds.), Philosophical Writings. University of Illinois Press. pp. 27.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Anthropic Reasoning.Martin J. Rees - 1997 - Complexity 3 (1):17-21.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27. The Anthropic Cosmological Principle and the Omega Point.Anton Hajduk - 2002 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 25 (1):26-35.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Probability in the Philosophy of Religion.Jake Chandler & Victoria S. Harrison (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Probability theory promises to deliver an exact and unified foundation for inquiry in epistemology and philosophy of science. But philosophy of religion is also fertile ground for the application of probabilistic thinking. This volume presents original contributions from twelve contemporary researchers, both established and emerging, to offer a representative sample of the work currently being carried out in this potentially rich field of inquiry. Grouped into five parts, the chapters span a broad range of traditional issues in religious epistemology. The (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29. The so-Called “Anthropic Principle” as a Semiotic Principle in Empirical Theory Formation.Max Bense - 1984 - American Journal of Semiotics 2 (4):93-97.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30. The Universe-Life Essence...Dov Henis - manuscript
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Tautologie, Methodologische Waarschuwing of Noodverklaring ? Een Kritische Bespreking Van Enkele Antropische Principes.P. P. Kirschenmann - 1994 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (3):469 - 493.
    The Anthropic Principle (AP), in its many versions, has received diverging assessments. I mainly examine the less speculative weak (WAP) and strong (SAP) versions and their assessments. I argue, among others, the following points. The construal of the WAP asa consistency requirement or a truth of (Bayesian) confirmation theory, while correct, does not quite capture its spirit. The charge of its being a tautology, which occasionscomparisons with the Principle of Natural Selection (PNS), is overstated. Still, in contrast with PNS's role, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32. What Have We Learned From Observational Cosmology?J. -Ch Hamilton - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):70-85.
    We review the observational foundations of the ΛCDMΛCDM model, considered by most cosmologists as the standard model of cosmology. The Cosmological Principle, a key assumption of the model is shown to be verified with increasing accuracy. The fact that the Universe seems to have expanded from a hot and dense past is supported by many independent probes . The explosion of detailed observations in the last few decades has allowed for precise measurements of the cosmological parameters within Friedman–Lemaître–Robertson–Walker cosmologies leading (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33. Człowiek miarą Wszechświata? Problem zasad antropicznych w kosmologii.Marek Łagosz - 2002 - Filozofia Nauki 1.
    The paper discusses problems concerning anthropocentric understanding of cosmology and physics. The author considers two version of anthropic principle ("weak" and "strong"). Among other things the connection between anthropic principle and cosmological principle is here analysed. The author also deals with the problem of object-subject relation in physical science (probability and measurement in quantum mechanics). He have come to the conclusion, that anthropocentric interpretation of physical science leads to essential difficulties.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. The Anthropic Cosmological Principle.William Lane Craig - 1987 - International Philosophical Quarterly 27 (4):437-447.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35. Divine Persuasion and the Anthropic Argument.Barry Whitney - 1998 - The Personalist Forum 14 (2):141-169.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Multiverse Cosmological Models.P. C. W. Davies - unknown
    Recent advances in string theory and inflationary cosmology have led to a surge of interest in the possible existence of an ensemble of cosmic regions, or “universes”, among the members of which key physical parameters, such as the masses of elementary particles and the coupling constants, might assume different values. The observed values in our cosmic region are then attributed to an observer selection effect (the so-called anthropic principle). The assemblage of universes has been dubbed “the multiverse”. In this paper (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37. Observation.Nick Bostrom - unknown
    Space is big. It is very, very big. On the currently most favored cosmological theories, we are living in an infinite world, a world that contains an infinite number of planets, stars, galaxies, and black holes. This is an implication of most “multiverse theoriesâ€, according to which our universe is just one in a vast ensemble of physically real universes. But it is also a consequence of the standard Big Bang cosmology, if combined with the assumption that our universe is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Generation of the Universe and "Design for Living".Percy Alfonso Campbell - 1934 - East Cleveland, Ohio.
  39. The Intelligibility of the Universe.Mary Cosmas Hughes - 1946 - Washington: the Catholic University of America Press.
  40. Are Cosmological Theories Compatible with All Possible Evidence: A Missing Methodological Link.Nick Bostrom - unknown
    This paper argues that our current best cosmological theories, according to which cosmos is very big are compatible with all possible evidence. The problem is unrelated to the Quine-Duhem underdetermination thesis. The compatibility to which this paper draws attention is much more radical: it appears as if all of our best cosmological theories are perfectly probabilistically compatible with all possible evidence and that no empirical discovery could give us any reason whatever to favor one such theory over another. This consequence (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41. Anthropic Web of the Universe: Atom and Ātman.Plamen Gradinarov - 1989 - Philosophy East and West 39 (1):27-45.
  42. The Revenge of Pythagoras: How a Mathematical Sharp Practice Undermines the Contemporary Design Argument in Astrophysical Cosmology.Robert Klee - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (3):331-354.
    Recent developments in astrophysical cosmology have revived support for the design argument among a growing clique of astrophysicists. I show that the scientific/mathematical evidence cited in support of intelligent design of the universe is infected with a mathematical sharp practice: the concepts of two numbers being of the same order of magnitude, and of being within an order of each other, have been stretched from their proper meanings so as to doctor the numbers evidentially. This practice started with A. S. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  43. Anthropic Prediction.John Leslie - 1994 - Philosophia 23 (1-4):117-144.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44. The Inverse Gambler's Fallacy and Cosmology--A Reply to Hacking.P. J. McGrath - 1988 - Mind 97 (386):265-268.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  45. Puzzles of Anthropic Reasoning Resolved Using Full Non-Indexical Conditioning.Radford M. Neal - unknown
    I consider the puzzles arising from four interrelated problems involving `anthropic' reasoning, and in particular the `Self-Sampling Assumption' (SSA) - that one should reason as if one were randomly chosen from the set of all observers in a suitable reference class. The problem of Freak Observers might appear to force acceptance of SSA if any empirical evidence is to be credited. The Sleeping Beauty problem arguably shows that one should also accept the `Self-Indication Assumption' (SIA) - that one should take (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  46. Conflict Between Anthropic Reasoning and Observation.Ken D. Olum - 2004 - Analysis 64 (1):1–8.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  47. Hume and the Argument for Biological Design.Graham Oppy - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (4):519-534.
    There seems to be a widespread conviction — evidenced, for example, in the work of Mackie, Dawkins and Sober — that it is Darwinian rather than Humean considerations which deal the fatal logical blow to arguments for intelligent design. I argue that this conviction cannot be well-founded. If there are current logically decisive objections to design arguments, they must be Humean — for Darwinian considerations count not at all against design arguments based upon apparent cosmological fine-tuning. I argue, further, that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
Anthropic Principle
  1. Freedom Giving Birth to Order: Philosophical Reflections on Peirce's Evolutionary Cosmology and its Contemporary Resurrections.Zeyad El Nabolsy - 2020 - Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 16 (1):1-23.
    This paper seeks to show that Charles Sanders Peirce's interest in an evolutionary account of the laws of nature is motivated both by his desire to extend the scope of the application of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) and by his attempt to explain the success of our deployment of the PSR, which presupposes the existence of determinate causal structures. One can situate Peirce's concern with the explanation of the laws of nature in relation to the influences of Naturphilosophie (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Wissenschaftliches Denken, Das Rätsel Bewusstsein Und Pro-Religiöse Ideen.Alfred Gierer - 2019 - Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen&Neumann.
    Diese Schrift enthält eine Reihe von sieben Artikeln, in der es um die Beziehung der Wissenschaften zu aufgeklärten, liberalen Formen religiöser Vorstellungen geht. Im Gegensatz zu verbreiteten Ansichten zumal des vorigen Jahrhunderts führt die moderne Naturwissenschaft zu einer zwar weitgehenden, aber prinzipiell nicht vollständigen Erklärung der Wirklichkeit. Sie kann die Rätselhaftigkeit der Welt für uns Menschen nicht aufheben; die Grundfähigkeiten des menschlichen Denkens sind schließlich nicht nur Gegenstand der Wissenschaft, sondern auch Voraussetzungen jeder wissenschaftlichen Tätigkeit. Auf der „meta-theoretischen“, nämlich der (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Beyond Falsifiability: Normal Science in a Multiverse.Sean M. Carroll - forthcoming - In Richard Dawid, Radin Dardashti & Karim Thebault (eds.), Epistemology of Fundamental Physics: Why Trust a Theory? Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    Cosmological models that invoke a multiverse - a collection of unobservable regions of space where conditions are very different from the region around us - are controversial, on the grounds that unobservable phenomena shouldn't play a crucial role in legitimate scientific theories. I argue that the way we evaluate multiverse models is precisely the same as the way we evaluate any other models, on the basis of abduction, Bayesian inference, and empirical success. There is no scientifically respectable way to do (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 415