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Subcategories:History/traditions: Disability
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  1. &Na (2010). Americans With Disabilities Act-Related Considerations When an Alcoholic Nurse Is Your Employee. Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 12 (1):25-26.
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  2. D. A. (1998). The Limits of Individuality: Ritual and Sacrifice in the Lives and Medical Treatment of Conjoined Twins. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):1-29.
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  3. Sean Aas (2016). Disabled – Therefore, Unhealthy? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (5):1259-1274.
    This paper argues that disabled people can be healthy. I argue, first, following the well-known ‘social model of disability’, that we should prefer a usage of ‘disabled’ which does not imply any kind of impairment that is essentially inconsistent with health. This is because one can be disabled only because limited by false social perception of impairment and one can be, if impaired, disabled not because of the impairment but rather only because of the social response to it. Second, I (...)
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  4. Tineke Abma, Anne Bruijn, Tinie Kardol, Jos Schols & Guy Widdershoven (2012). Responsibilities in Elderly Care: Mr Powell's Narrative of Duty and Relations. Bioethics 26 (1):22-31.
    In Western countries a considerable number of older people move to a residential home when their health declines. Institutionalization often results in increased dependence, inactivity and loss of identity or self-worth (dignity). This raises the moral question as to how older, institutionalized people can remain autonomous as far as continuing to live in line with their own values is concerned. Following Walker's meta-ethical framework on the assignment of responsibilities, we suggest that instead of directing all older people towards more autonomy (...)
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  5. D. Adamis (2005). Capacity, Consent, and Selection Bias in a Study of Delirium. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (3):137-143.
    Objectives: To investigate whether different methods of obtaining informed consent affected recruitment to a study of delirium in older, medically ill hospital inpatients.Design: Open randomised study.Setting: Acute medical service for older people in an inner city teaching hospital.Participants: Patients 70 years or older admitted to the unit within three days of hospital admission randomised into two groups.Intervention: Attempted recruitment of subjects to a study of the natural history of delirium. This was done by either a formal test of capacity, followed (...)
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  6. Rachel Adams (ed.) (forthcoming). KEYWORDS IN DISABILITY STUDIES. NYU PRESS.
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  7. Christine Aicardi (2009). The Analytic Spirit and the Paris Institution for the Deaf-Mutes, 1760-1830. History of Science 47 (156):175-221.
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  8. Nicklas A. Akers (2000). Disability & ADA: Disparate Insurance Coverage for Physical and Psychological Disabilities Does Not Violate ADA. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (1):92-94.
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  9. Sahar Akhtar (2016). Respecting Embedded Disability. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (4):363-378.
    In certain ways, many disabilities seem to occupy a middle ground between illnesses like cancer and identity-traits like race: like illnesses, they can present a wide variety of obstacles in a range of social and natural environments and, insofar as they do, they are something we should prevent potential people from having for their own sake; at the same time, those same types of disabilities can be, like race, a valuable part of the identity of the persons who already have (...)
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  10. Sonia Alberti & Elisabeth da Rocha Miranda (2007). A Contribution to the Study of Intellectual Disability. Analysis 13:21.
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  11. Doris V. Allen & Ralle K. Rothman (1973). Intersensory Integration and Reading Ability in the Deaf. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (3):199-201.
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  12. Dimitris Anastasiou & James M. Kauffman (2013). The Social Model of Disability: Dichotomy Between Impairment and Disability. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (4):441-459.
    The rhetoric of the social model of disability is presented, and its basic claims are critiqued. Proponents of the social model use the distinction between impairment and disability to reduce disabilities to a single social dimension—social oppression. They downplay the role of biological and mental conditions in the lives of disabled people. Consequences of denying biological and mental realities involving disabilities are discussed. People will benefit most by recognizing both the biological and the social dimensions of disabilities.
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  13. Janet Price andMargrit Shildrick (2002). Bodies Together: Touch, Ethics and Disability. In Mairian Corker Tom Shakespeare (ed.), Disability/Postmodernity: Embodying Disability Theory.
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  14. Keith Andrews (2007). Ethical Dilemmas in Caring for People with Complex Disabilities. In Audrey Leathard & Susan Goodinson-McLaren (eds.), Ethics: Contemporary Challenges in Health and Social Care. Policy Press. pp. 229.
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  15. Naama Friedmann Anne Castles (2014). Developmental Dyslexia and the Phonological Deficit Hypothesis. Mind and Language 29 (3):270-285.
    Dehaene reviews and finds support for the phonological deficit hypothesis of developmental dyslexia, which proposes that dyslexics have a basic deficit in processing the constituents of spoken words. This hypothesis can be seen as reflecting three associated claims: a) there is only one basic kind of dyslexia; b) all dyslexic children have phonological impairments, and c) these phonological impairments cause their dyslexia. We consider each of these claims, and the evidence presented by Dehaene, and conclude that questions remain about all (...)
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  16. Kyle W. Anstey (2002). Sex Selection and Disability Avoidance: Is Their Opposed Treatment Conceptually Consistent? Monash Bioethics Review 21 (1):10-28.
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  17. J. M. Atkinson (2007). Protecting or Empowering the Vulnerable? Mental Illness, Communication and the Research Process. Research Ethics 3 (4):134-138.
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  18. Alexandre Baril (2015). Needing to Acquire a Physical Impairment/Disability: Thinking the Connections Between Trans and Disability Studies Through Transability. Hypatia 30 (1):30-48.
    This article discusses the acquisition of a physical impairment/disability through voluntary body modification, or transability. From the perspectives of critical genealogy and feminist intersectional analysis, the article considers the ability and cis*/trans* axes in order to question the boundaries between trans and transabled experience and examines two assumptions impeding the conceptualization of their placement on the same continuum: 1) trans studies assumes an able-bodied trans identity and able-bodied trans subject of analysis; and 2) disability studies assumes a cis* disabled identity. (...)
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  19. Elizabeth Barnes (2016). Reply to Guy Kahane and Julian Savulescu. Res Philosophica 93 (1):295-309.
    Guy Kahane and Julian Savulescu respond to my paper “Valuing Disability, Causing Disability” by arguing that my assessment of objections to the mere-difference view of disability is unconvincing and fails to explain their conviction that it is impermissible to cause disability. In reply, I argue that their response misconstrues, somewhat radically, both what I say in my paper and the commitments of the mere-difference view more generally. It also fails to adequately appreciate the unique epistemic factors present in philosophical discussions (...)
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  20. Daphne Bavelier, Matthew W. G. Dye & Peter C. Hauser (2006). Do Deaf Individuals See Better? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (11):512-518.
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  21. Jonas-Sébastien Beaudry (2016). Beyond Disability? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (2):210-228.
    The strategy of developing an ontology or models of disability as a prior step to settling ethical issues regarding disabilities is highly problematic for two reasons. First, key definitional aspects of disability are normative and cannot helpfully be made value-neutral. Second, if we accept that the contested concept of disability is value-laden, it is far from obvious that there are definitive reasons for choosing one interpretation of the concept over another. I conclude that the concept of disability is better left (...)
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  22. Helen Beebee & Nigel Sabbarton-Leary (2010). Are Psychiatric Kinds Real? European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (1):11-27.
    The paper considers whether psychiatric kinds can be natural kinds and concludes that they can. This depends, however, on a particular conception of ‘natural kind’. We briefly describe and reject two standard accounts – what we call the ‘stipulative account’ (according to which apparently a priori criteria, such as the possession of intrinsic essences, are laid down for natural kindhood) and the ‘Kripkean account’ (according to which the natural kinds are just those kinds that obey Kripkean semantics). We then rehearse (...)
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  23. April A. Benasich & Jennifer J. Thomas (2003). Developmental Disorders of Language. In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  24. Mette Bergman, Caroline Graff, Maria Eriksdotter, Kerstin S. Fugl-Meyer & Marja Schuster (2016). The Meaning of Living Close to a Person with Alzheimer Disease. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (3):341-349.
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  25. Rudolph Berlinger (1977). Rehabilitation der Krankheit in philosophischer Sicht. Perspektiven der Philosophie 3:3-17.
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  26. Heidi Berven & Peter Blanck (1998). The Economics of the Americans with Disabilities Act Part II - Patents and Innovations in Assistive Technology. Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 12 (1):9-120.
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  27. Jerome Bickenbach (2013). Disability, “Being Unhealthy,” and Rights to Health. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):821-828.
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  28. Jerome E. Bickenbach (2002). Disability, Justice, and Health-Systems Performance Assessment. In Rosamond Rhodes, Margaret P. Battin & Anita Silvers (eds.), Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care. Oup Usa. pp. 390.
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  29. N. M. Bilitz (1996). Disability & ADA: Sixth Circuit Affirms Congressional Intent of Title III. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 25 (4):314-316.
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  30. A. H. Bittles, S. G. Sullivan & L. A. Zhivotovsky (2004). Consanguinity, Caste and Deaf-Mutism in Punjab, 1921. Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (2):221-234.
    The effects of religion, population sub-division and geography on the prevalence of deaf-mutism were investigated using information collected in the 1921 Census of Punjab. The total sample size was 9·36 million, and comprised data on thirteen Hindu castes, seventeen Muslim biraderis and two Sikh castes. A two-way analysis of variance comparing males in Hindu castes in which consanguineous marriage was prohibited, with males in Muslim biraderis which favoured first cousin marriage, indicated major differences with respect to the patterns of deaf-mutism (...)
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  31. W. E. Black & E. G. H. Weeks (1927). Some Psycho-Physical Tests on Deaf, Dumb and Blind Subjects. Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 5 (4):296-302.
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  32. Greg Bognar (forthcoming). Is Disability Mere Difference? Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2015-102911.
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  33. Cassandra L. Boness (forthcoming). Treatment of Deaf Clients: Ethical Considerations for Professionals in Psychology. Ethics and Behavior:1-24.
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  34. Richard J. Bonnie (2010). Should a Personality Disorder Qualify as a Mental Disease in Insanity Adjudication? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):760-763.
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  35. Gina M. Borgioli (forthcoming). A Critical Examination of Learning Disabilities in Mathematics. Journal of Thought.
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  36. Inga Bostad & Halvor Hanisch (2016). Freedom and Disability Rights: Dependence, Independence, and Interdependence. Metaphilosophy 47 (3):371-384.
    The increasing focus on disability rights—as found, for instance, in the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities —challenges philosophical imaginaries. This article broadens the philosophical imaginary of freedom by exploring the relation of dependence, independence, and interdependence in the lives of people with disabilities. It argues that traditional concepts of freedom are rather insensitive to difference within humanity, and that the lives of people with severe disabilities challenge philosophers to argue and conceptualize freedom not only as independence (...)
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  37. Marcel Broesterhuizen (2008). A Liberating Approach to Human Contingency. Gregorianum 89 (1):150-167.
    Religion in Western culture and functional impairment have an awkward relationship. This awkwardness stems from theological and cultural prejudice, theological prejudice as far as functional impairment is considered a consequence of original sin, which will be taken away in future life, cultural prejudice as far as functional impairment is looked upon as a relict of a lower stage of evolution. The author of this article analyses the views of theologians who have a functional impairment themselves, and derives from this analysis (...)
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  38. Nicholas Brown (2008). Marxism and Disability. [REVIEW] Mediations 23 (2).
    Nicholas Brown reviews Ato Quayson’s Aesthetic Nervousness: Disability and the Crisis of Representation. Quayson’s most recent book is both brilliant in its literary analyses and ethically acute in its discussion of disability. But how do these two moments, the textual and the ethical, relate to each other?
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  39. Beverley Burke & Andrew Maynard (2014). Ethical Issues in Practice. Ethics and Social Welfare 8 (4):397-398.
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  40. Beverley Burrell & Henrietta Trip (2011). Reform and Community Care: Has de-Institutionalisation Delivered for People with Intellectual Disability? Nursing Inquiry 18 (2):174-183.
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  41. Michel Callon (2005). Disabled Persons of All Countries, Unite. In Bruno Latour & Peter Weibel (eds.), Making Things Public. MIT Press. pp. 308--313.
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  42. Havi Carel (2007). Can I Be Ill and Happy? Philosophia 35 (2):95-110.
    Can one be ill and happy? I use a phenomenological approach to provide an answer to this question, using Merleau-Ponty’s distinction between the biological and the lived body. I begin by discussing the rift between the biological body and the ill person’s lived experience, which occurs in illness. The transparent and taken for granted biological body is problematised by illness, which exposes it as different from the lived experience of this body. I argue that because of this rift, the experience (...)
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  43. Angela Licia Carlson (1998). Mindful Subjects: Classification and Cognitive Disability. Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    This dissertation is a call for a philosophical reorientation regarding a particular classification of human beings: mental retardation. Generally, individuals with mental retardation are only discussed in philosophy as moral problems to be solved: are they persons? do they have rights? how ought they be treated? I depart from the traditional approach, and ask a different set of questions about the nature of classification, the effects it has on classified subjects, and the power relations involved in the process of classifying. (...)
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  44. Licia Carlson (2009). The Faces of Intellectual Disability: Philosophical Reflections. Indiana University Press.
    In a challenge to current thinking about cognitive impairment, this book explores what it means to treat people with intellectual disabilities in an ethical manner.
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  45. Curtis Carter, Deaf Prove Deft in 'My Third Eye' [Review of the National Theater of the Deaf's Play "My Third Eye" at the Pabst Theater, Milwaukee WI].
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  46. R. Carver (forthcoming). Deaf Illiteracy: A Genuine Educational Puzzle or an Instrument of Oppression. A Critical Review.
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  47. Raquel S. Cassel, Catherine Saint-Georges, Ammar Mahdhaoui, Mohamed Chetouani, Marie Christine Laznik, Filippo Muratori, Jean-Louis Adrien & David Cohen (2013). Course of Maternal Prosodic Incitation During Early Development in Autism: An Exploratory Home Movie Study. Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 14 (3):480-496.
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  48. Anne Castles & Naama Friedmann (2014). Developmental Dyslexia and the Phonological Deficit Hypothesis. Mind and Language 29 (3):270-285.
    Dehaene (in Reading in the Brain) reviews and finds support for the phonological deficit hypothesis of developmental dyslexia, which proposes that dyslexics have a basic deficit in processing the constituents of spoken words. This hypothesis can be seen as reflecting three associated claims: a) there is only one basic kind of dyslexia; b) all (or most) dyslexic children have phonological impairments, and c) these phonological impairments cause their dyslexia. We consider each of these claims, and the evidence presented by Dehaene, (...)
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  49. A. Different Center (2006). Deaf People A Different Center Carol Padden and Tom Humphries. In Lennard J. Davis (ed.), The Disability Studies Reader. Psychology Press. pp. 331.
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  50. Ruth Chang, Preventing the Existence of People with Disabilities.
    It is commonly held that there are both cases in which there is a strong moral reason not to cause the existence of a disabled person and cases in which, although it would be permissible to cause a disabled person to exist, it would be better not to. Yet many disabled people are affronted by the idea that it is sometimes better to prevent people like themselves from existing, precisely because these people would be disabled. One of their grounds for (...)
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