Related categories

1161 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 1161
Material to categorize
  1. Dispositionalism. Perspectives From Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science.Anne Sophie Meincke - forthcoming - Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.
    According to dispositional realism, or dispositionalism, the entities inhabiting our world possess irreducibly dispositional properties – often called ‘powers’ – by means of which they are sources of change. Dispositionalism has become increasingly popular among metaphysicians in the last three decades as it offers a realist account of causation and provides novel avenues for understanding modality, laws of nature, agency, free will and other key concepts in metaphysics. At the same time, it is receiving growing interest among philosophers of science. (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Powers, Persistence and Process.Anne Sophie Meincke - forthcoming - In Meincke (ed.), Dispositionalism. Perspectives from Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht, Netherlands:
    Stephen Mumford has argued that dispositionalists ought to be endurantists because perdurantism, by breaking down persisting objects in sequences of static discrete existents, is at odds with a powers metaphysics. This has been contested by Neil Williams who offers his own version of ‘powerful’ perdurance where powers function as links between the temporal parts of persisting objects. Weighing up the arguments given by both sides, I show that the profile of ‘powerful’ persistence crucially depends on how one conceptualises the processes (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Haben menschliche Embryonen eine Disposition zur Personalität?Anne Sophie Meincke - 2018 - In Markus Rothhaar, Martin Hähnel & Roland Kipke (eds.), Der manipulierbare Embryo. Münster, Germany: pp. 147-171.
    Do human embryos have a disposition to personhood? This has been argued within recent attempts to reformulate the classical argument from potentiality for the protection of human embryos with the help of the concept of disposition. In this paper, I analyse the central ontological premise of this new approach and show that any hopes of rehabilitating in dispositionalist terms the idea of a potential to personhood inherent in human embryos are mistaken. The dispositionalist version of the potentiality argument navigates in (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Potentialität und Disposition in der Diskussion über den Status des menschlichen Embryos: Zur Ontologie des Potentialitätsarguments.Anne Sophie Meincke - 2015 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 122 (2):271-303.
    The argument from potentiality for embryo protection relies on the assumption of a specific developmental potential of human embryos: as human embryos under normal conditions naturally developing into beings whose strong moral status is uncontroversial, namely into human persons, they likewise enjoy strong moral status. In my paper, I endeavour to spell out the ontological foundations of the argument from potentiality and to discuss them critically in the light of new empirical findings in embryology. Particular attention is hereby paid to (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Fully Realizing Partial Realization.Nick Kroll - 2018 - Glossa 3 (1):120.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. On the Reality of Intrinsically Finkable Dispositions.Matthew Tugby - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (2):623-631.
    Recently, Choi has argued that current accounts of intrinsically finkable dispositions lead to absurd consequences in certain everyday cases. In this paper I offer a new argument for the existence of intrinsically finkable dispositions, one which provides a new way of testing for the presence of such dispositions. It is then argued that, with this new test in place, Choi’s examples no longer present a problem for the view that some dispositions are intrinsically finkable.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Epiphenomenal Properties.Umut Baysan - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (3):419-431.
    What is an epiphenomenal property? This question needs to be settled before we can decide whether higher-level properties are epiphenomenal or not. In this paper, I offer an account of what it is for a property to have some causal power. From this, I derive a characterisation of the notion of an epiphenomenal property. I then argue that physically realized higher-level properties are not epiphenomenal because laws of nature impose causal similarities on the bearers of such properties, and these similarities (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8. Dispositions Without Teleology.David Manley & Ryan Wasserman - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 10.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. De eenheid van een gedachte.Jesse M. Mulder - 2017 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 109 (1):145-160.
    What does the unity of a thought consist in? The analytic tradition typically accepts the Fregean answer to this question: a thought is, in the fundamental case, the result of applying a concept to an appropriate range of objects. Yet upon reflection this turns out to be insufficient. I follow Rödl’s exploration of the unity of temporal thoughts, which shows this unity to be differentiated in such a way as to give rise to the basic metaphysical categories of time, causality, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Teleological Dispositions.Nick Kroll - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 10.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. Structural Powers and the Homeodynamic Unity of Organisms.Christopher J. Austin & Anna Marmodoro - 2017 - In William M. R. Simpson, Robert C. Koons & Nicholas J. Teh (eds.), Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives on Contemporary Science. Routledge. pp. 169-184.
    Although they are continually compositionally reconstituted and reconfigured, organisms nonetheless persist as ontologically unified beings over time – but in virtue of what? A common answer is: in virtue of their continued possession of the capacity for morphological invariance which persists through, and in spite of, their mereological alteration. While we acknowledge that organisms‟ capacity for the “stability of form” – homeostasis - is an important aspect of their diachronic unity, we argue that this capacity is derived from, and grounded (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. The Metaphysics of Relations, Edited by Anna Marmodoro and David Yates. [REVIEW]Rognvaldur Ingthorsson - 2017 - Disputatio 9 (44):123–130.
    The Metaphysics of Relations is an anthology of thirteen original papers plus an introduction, addressing the philosophical issue of relations from a contemporary and historical perspective. The result is a remarkably coherent whole, where the different papers shed light on each other even though very few of them explicitly address interconnections. As a consequence, the book works really well as an introduction to the philosophical issue on relations, while the individual papers represent cutting edge research on the particular issues that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. A Multiply Qualified Conditional Analysis of Disposition Ascription: Mapping the Conceptual Topography of Ceteris Paribus.Jesse R. Steinberg & Alan M. Steinberg - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (4):777-793.
    Given that an analysis of disposition ascription cannot be made in terms of a simple subjunctive conditional, we present a multiply qualified conditional analysis that places disposition ascription within an implicit fundamental causal conceptual typography within which a disposition ascription is embedded, framed, and understood. By placing the multiply qualified analysis within an implicit causal matrix involving a focal cause, pathway of influence, mechanism of action, contributing/partial cause, mediator, extrinsic moderator,, intrinsic moderator, and manifestation, we show how this analysis evades (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Disposition.Marie I. Kaiser & Andreas Hüttemann - 2013 - In W. Dubitzky, O. Wolkenhauer, K.-H. Cho & H. Yokota (eds.), Encyclopedia of Systems Biology, Vol. X. New York: Springer. pp. 594-597.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. Intrinsic Interferers and the Epistemology of Dispositions.Sungho Choi - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (1):199-232.
    It is held by some philosophers that it is possible that x has a disposition D but, if the stimulus condition obtains, it won’t manifest D because of an intrinsic interference. I will criticize this position on the ground that it has a deeply sceptical consequence, for instance, that, assuming that I am not well informed of the micro-properties of a metal coin, I do not know that it is not water-soluble. But I urge that this is beyond the pale, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Powers as Causal Truthmakers.Rani Lill Anjum & Stephen Mumford - 2014 - Disputatio. Philosophical Research Bulletin 3 (4):5--31.
    [EN]Most theories of causation assume that it must involve some kind of necessity, or that the cause must be entirely sufficient for the effect. Others have already suggested that it should be possible to get a theory of causation from a theory of powers or dispositions. Such a project is far from complete but even here we find that the key point in a dispositional theory of causation has been lacking. This paper attempts to establish some of the most important (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.Brendel Elke - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.Horgan Terry & Henderson David - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.Mumford Stephan - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.R. Scholz Oliver - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.J. Gonzalez Francisco - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.Liske Michael-Thomas - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.Machamer Peter - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.Meissner Burkhard - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.McKitrick Jennifer - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.Renz Ursula - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Laws and Powers in the Frame of Nature.Stathis Psillos - unknown
    The aim of this paper is to revisit the major arguments of the seventeenth century debate concerning laws and powers. Its primary points are two. First, though the dominant conception of nature was such that there was no room for power in bodies, the very idea that laws govern the behaviour of matter in motion brought with it the following issue, which came under sharp focus in the work of Leibniz: how possibly can passive matter, devoid of power, obey laws? (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Non-Factualist Dispositionalism.Manuel Heras-Escribano - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):607-629.
    This paper aims to defend that the best framework for characterizing dispositions is a Rylean, non-factualist dispositionalism. I follow Tugby, 451–480, 2013) in explaining which are the main candidates for characterizing the ontology of dispositions. Tugby, 451–480, 2013) concludes that the best metaphysical framework for characterizing dispositions is Platonism, because it is the only theory that can account for the central and the intrinsic platitudes. Following this I show that Platonism is not desirable because it is difficult to reconcile with (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. Ascribing Dispositions.Stephan Mumford - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 168-185.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. From Ordinary Language to the Metaphysics of Dispositions – Gilbert Ryle on Disposition Talk and Dispositions.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 127-142.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. The Role of Dispositions in Historical Explanations.Robert Schnepf - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 238-256.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. The Dispositions of Descartesc.Peter Machamer - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 69-78.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Dispositions in Greek Historiography.Burkhard Meissner - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 47-68.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Introduction to "Dispositions: A Debate".Tim Crane - 1995 - In D. M. Armstrong, C. B. Martin & Tim Crane (eds.), Dispositions: A Debate. London:
    This book is about the nature of dispositional properties, or dispositions. It is hard to give an uncontroversial definition of the notion of a disposition, since its very definition is one of the matters under dispute. But we can make a start with the following preliminary definition: a disposition is a property (such as solubility, fragility, elasticity) whose instantiation entails that the thing which has the property would change, or bring about some change, under certain conditions. For instance, to say (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Counterpossibles for Dispositionalists.Barbara Vetter - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (10):2681-2700.
    Dispositionalists try to provide an account of modality—possibility, necessity, and the counterfactual conditional—in terms of dispositions. But there may be a tension between dispositionalist accounts of possibility on the one hand, and of counterfactuals on the other. Dispositionalists about possibility must hold that there are no impossible dispositions, i.e., dispositions with metaphysically impossible stimulus and/or manifestation conditions; dispositionalist accounts of counterfactuals, if they allow for non-vacuous counterpossibles, require that there are such impossible dispositions. I argue, first, that there are in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  36. Dispositions.Shungho Choi & Michael Fara - 2012 - The Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This is a perfect overview article that serves as a general introduction to the topic of dispositions. It is composed of six sections that review the main philosophical approaches to the most important questions: Analysis of disposition ascription, the dispositional/categorical distinction, dispositions and categorical bases, the intrinsicness of dispositions and the causal efficacy of dispositions.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  37. The “Constant” Threat to the Dispositional Essentialist Conception of Laws.Vassilios Livanios - 2014 - Metaphysica 15 (1).
    According to the dispositional essentialist account of laws of nature, the latter express the dispositional nature of fundamental natural properties. In this paper I discuss the difficulty that the existence of fundamental constants of nature raises for that account. To this end, I examine a relevant argument against the account and describe how an advocate of the dispositionalist conception may try to undermine it by raising objections to its premises. Then I discuss those objections and show that eventually all fail. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38. Bird of Passage: Recollections of a Physicist. Rudolf Peierls.Lawrence Badash - 1986 - Isis 77 (2):332-333.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. A Schematic Model of Dispositional Attribution in Interpersonal Perception.Glenn D. Reeder & Marilynn B. Brewer - 1979 - Psychological Review 86 (1):61-79.
  40. The Concept of Directional Dispositions.F. A. Kingsbury & H. A. Carr - 1939 - Psychological Review 46 (3):199-225.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Identification and Inferential Processes in Dispositional Attribution.Yaacov Trope - 1986 - Psychological Review 93 (3):239-257.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  42. Properties, Powers, and Structures: Issues in the Metaphysics of Realism.Alexander Bird, Brian Ellis & Howard Sankey (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    While the phrase "metaphysics of science" has been used from time to time, it has only recently begun to denote a specific research area where metaphysics meets philosophy of science—and the sciences themselves. The essays in this volume demonstrate that metaphysics of science is an innovative field of research in its own right. The principle areas covered are: The modal metaphysics of properties: What is the essential nature of natural properties? Are all properties essentially categorical? Are they all essentially dispositions, (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Dispositional Modality Vis‐À‐Vis Conditional Necessity.Anna Marmodoro - 2016 - Philosophical Investigations 39 (3):205-214.
    There is an ongoing debate in the metaphysics of dispositions regarding which type of modality governs their manifestation. This paper assumes as its default position the view that dispositions manifest by conditional necessity; that is, when in appropriate circumstances dispositions manifest necessarily. From this standpoint, the paper engages critically with an existing alternative in the literature, put forward most prominently by Mumford and Anjum, and known as dispositional modality. According to this latter view, even when in appropriate manifestation conditions, dispositions (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Dispositions.Stephen Mumford - 2003 - Clarendon Press.
    Stephen Mumford puts forward a new theory of dispositions, showing how central their role is in metaphysics and philosophy of science. Much of our understanding of the physical and psychological world is expressed in terms of dispositional properties--from the solubility of sugar to the belief that zebras have stripes. Mumford discusses what it means to say that something has a property of this kind, and how dispositions can possibly be real things in the world. His clear, straightforward, realist account reveals (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   82 citations  
  45. Aristotelian Essentialism: Essence in the Age of Evolution.Christopher J. Austin - 2017 - Synthese 194 (7):2539-2556.
    The advent of contemporary evolutionary theory ushered in the eventual decline of Aristotelian Essentialism (Æ) – for it is widely assumed that essence does not, and cannot have any proper place in the age of evolution. This paper argues that this assumption is a mistake: if Æ can be suitably evolved, it need not face extinction. In it, I claim that if that theory’s fundamental ontology consists of dispositional properties, and if its characteristic metaphysical machinery is interpreted within the framework (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  46. The Status of Dispositions.Daniel O. Dahlstrom - 2014 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 88:1-12.
    This paper addresses puzzling issues concerning the ontological status of dispositions. Following review of debates about a traditional conditional analysis as well as Lewis’s “reformed conditional analysis” of dispositions, the paper analyzes attempts to solve the problem of what makes the relevant conditional true. Reasons are presented for rejecting attempts to locate the relevant truth-maker in a causal basis that allegedly dispenses with dispositions or in properties that are universally dispositional. In this way the paper argues that neither “eliminativism” nor (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Minkish Dispositions.Alan Hájek - forthcoming - Synthese:1-17.
    Start with an ordinary disposition ascription, like ‘the wire is live’ or ‘the glass is fragile’. Lewis gives a canonical template for what he regards as the analysandum of such an ascription:“Something x is disposed at time t to give response r to stimulus s”.For example, the wire is disposed at noon to conduct electrical current when touched by a conductor.What Lewis calls “the simple conditional analysis” gives putatively necessary and sufficient conditions for the analysandum in terms of a counterfactual:“if (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48. The Problem of Retention.Matthew Tugby - 2017 - Synthese 194 (6).
    A popular version of anti-Humeanism is one that views fundamental properties as being irreducibly dispositional in nature, and it is a view to which I am attracted. Proponents of this view typically object to Humean regularity theories of laws on the basis that they do not explain why our world is regular rather than chaotic from moment to moment. It is thought that, for this reason, Humeanism does not provide firm enough foundations for induction. However, in this paper I argue (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49. Too Many Dispositional Properties.Tobias Hansson - 2006 - SATS 7 (2).
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Dispositions All the Way Round.R. Holton - 1999 - Analysis 59 (1):9-14.
    Simon Blackburn has argued that science finds only dispositional properties. If true, this is surprising: we think of the world as containing categorical properties too. But Blackburn thinks that our difficulties go further than this: that the idea of a world containing just dispositional properties is not simply surprising, but incoherent. The problem is made clear, he argues, when we have a counterfactual analysis of dispositions, and then understand counterfactuals in terms of possible worlds.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
1 — 50 / 1161