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  1. Political Thought in Hellenistic Times.Gerhard Jean Daniël Aalders - 1975 - A. M. Hakkert.
  2. Ethical Approaches to Global Poverty.G. John M. Abbarno - 2009 - In Jinfen Yan & David E. Schrader (eds.), Creating a Global Dialogue on Value Inquiry: Papers From the Xxii Congress of Philosophy (Rethinking Philosophy Today). Edwin Mellen Press.
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  3. Back Toward a Comprehensive Liberalism?R. Abbey - 2007 - Political Theory 35 (1):5-28.
  4. Qualifying My Faith in the Common School Ideal: A Normative Framework for Democratic Justice.Kathleen Knight Abowitz - 2010 - Educational Theory 60 (6):683-702.
    In this essay, Kathleen Knight Abowitz makes the case that charter schooling can enable multiple publics to develop and create educational visions. Charter schooling policies can enable these publics to pursue these visions and agendas on behalf of both public and common educational goals as well as goals associated with particular identities and interests. This vision of a plural public sphere, with its movement away from purely state‐run traditional public schools, challenges the common school ideal that has been part of (...)
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  5. Book Review:Protecting the Vulnerable: A Reanalysis of Our Social Responsibilities. Robert E. Goodin. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Abramson - 1987 - Ethics 97 (3):659-.
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  6. Comment on Fried on Getting What We Don't Deserve.Bruce A. Ackerman - 1983 - Social Philosophy and Policy 1 (1):60.
    I hope to persuade Charles Fried to think again about his developing views on distributive justice. Since I live at a certain remove from Cambridge, the best I can offer is a hypothetical dialogue with an imaginary person whose views seem, to me at least, of a Friedian inspiration. My central question deals with the way Fried establishes his rights to things he candidly concedes he does not deserve. To present my problems, I shall begin with a simpler case than (...)
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  7. Economic Growth Vs. Human Well-Being: An Interview with John Cobb.Frances S. Adeney, Terry C. Muck & John Cobb - forthcoming - Buddhist-Christian Studies.
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  8. Rawlsian Compromises in Peacebuilding: A Rejoinder to Begby.Alejandro Agafonow - 2011 - Public Reason 3 (1).
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  9. The Distribution of Natural Talents As a Social Asset.B. Agarwala - 1988 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 15 (4):501.
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  10. Whose Impartiality? An Experimental Study of Veiled Stakeholders, Involved Spectators and Detached Observers.Fernando Aguiar, Alice Becker & Luis Miller - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (2):155-174.
    We present an experiment designed to investigate three different mechanisms to achieve impartiality in distributive justice. We consider a first-person procedure, inspired by the Rawlsian veil of ignorance,and two third-party procedures, an involved spectator and a detached observer. First-person veiled stakeholders and involved spectators are affected by an initially unfair distribution that, in the stakeholders’ case,is to be redressed. We find substantial differences in the redressing task.Detached observers propose significantly fairer redistributions than veiled takeholders or involved spectators. Risk preferences partly (...)
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  11. Ideal and Nonideal Theory in the Realm of the Political.Jaime Ahlberg - 2010 - Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
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  12. A Game of Poverty and Tragic Deliberation.Linell Ajello - 2014 - Constellations 21 (1):134-152.
  13. Justice as Equality.Christopher Ake - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (1):69-89.
  14. Justice as Fairness, Justice as Equality.Christopher Francis Ake - 1977 - Dissertation, Princeton University
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  15. Fraser on Redistribution, Recognition, and Identity.L. M. Alcoff - 2007 - European Journal of Political Theory 6 (3):255-265.
    This article analyzes Nancy Fraser's account of the contrasting social movements for recognition versus those for redistribution. In her most recent analysis, only those forms of recognition struggles that she equates with identity politics are subject to critique. I argue that identity politics does not have an inevitable logic to it that destines it to fracture, border patrol, internal conservatism, etc., and further that the very redistribution claims she proposes require identity politics.
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  16. Rich and Poor.Mrs. Bernard Bosanquet.Percy Alden - 1897 - International Journal of Ethics 7 (4):506-510.
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  17. Book Review:Rich and Poor. Mrs. Bernard Bosanquet. [REVIEW]Percy Alden - 1897 - Ethics 7 (4):506-.
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  18. Rich and Poor, by Bernard Bosanquet. [REVIEW]Percy Alden - 1896 - Ethics 7:506.
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  19. Science and the Welfare State Program: The Growth of State Activism in Finland.Marja Alestalo’S. - 1993 - Knowledge and Policy 6 (1):52-66.
  20. Evolutionary Explanations of Distributive Justice.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):490-516.
    Evolutionary game theoretic accounts of justice attempt to explain our willingness to follow certain principles of justice by appealing to robustness properties possessed by those principles. Skyrms (1996) offers one sketch of how such an account might go for divide-the-dollar, the simplest version of the Nash bargaining game, using the replicator dynamics of Taylor and Jonker (1978). In a recent article, D'Arms et al. (1998) criticize his account and describe a model which, they allege, undermines his theory. I sketch a (...)
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  21. Fair Equality of Opportunity.Larry A. Alexander - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:197-208.
    Although discussions of John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice generally refer to Rawls’ two principles of justice, and although Rawls himself labels his principles “the two principles of justice”, Rawls actually sets forth three distinct principles in the following lexical order: the liberty principle, the fair equality of opportunity principle, and the difference principle. Rawls argues at some length for the priority of the liberty principle over the other two. On the other hand, Rawls offers hardly any argument at all (...)
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  22. Natural Advantages and Contractual Justice.Larry Alexander & William Wang - 1984 - Law and Philosophy 3 (2):281 - 297.
    Anthony Kronman has argued that libertarians cannot distinguish non-arbitrarily between legitimate and illegitimate advantage-taking in contractual relations except by reference to a liberal, wealth-redistributive standard Kronman calls paretianism. We argue to the contrary that libertarians need not concede that any advantage-taking in contracts is legitimate and thus need not be liberal paretians with respect to advantage-taking.
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  23. Some Problems with Reciprocity.Gadi Algazi - 2001 - Endoxa 15:43-50.
  24. Was I Entitled or Should I Apologize? Affirmative Action Going Forward.Anita L. Allen - 2011 - Journal of Ethics 15 (3):253-263.
    As a U.S. civil rights policy, affirmative action commonly denotes race-conscious and result-oriented efforts by private and public officials to correct the unequal distribution of economic opportunity and education attributed to slavery, segregation, poverty and racism. Opponents argue that affirmative action (1) violates ideals of color-blind public policies, offending moral principles of fairness and constitutional principles of equality and due process; (2) has proven to be socially and politically divisive; (3) has not made things better; (4) mainly benefits middle-class, wealthy (...)
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  25. The Situated Critic or the Loyal Critic? Rorty and Walzer on Social Criticism.Jonathan Allen - 1998 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (6):25-46.
    This article addresses the question whether the model of social criticism as 'connected' or 'loyal' which is advanced by Richard Rorty and Michael Walzer offers an adequate picture of social criticism. Two claims are made. First, it is suggested that loyalty is an internally conflicted concept, with three components: a recognition of situatedness in a particular relationship; an affirmation of that relationship by the loyal agent; a set of values or local principles. Where the third component is prominent, loyalty is (...)
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  26. Democracy and the Welfare State, Amy Gutmann . Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988, Ix + 290 Pages. [REVIEW]Ernie Alleva - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):322.
  27. Distributive Justice.Michael Allingham - 2013 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Distributive Justice Theories of distributive justice seek to specify what is meant by a just distribution of goods among members of society. All liberal theories (in the sense specified below) may be seen as expressions of laissez-faire with compensations for factors that they consider to be morally arbitrary. More specifically, such theories may be interpreted […].
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  28. Equality and Comparative Justice.David Alm - 2010 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 53 (4):309-325.
    In this paper I criticize the standard argument for deontological egalitarianism, understood as the thesis that there is a moral claim to have an equal share of well-being or whatever other good counts. That argument is based on the idea that equals should be treated equally. I connect the debate over egalitarianism with that over comparative justice. A common theme is a general skepticism against comparative claims. I argue (i) that there can be no claim to equality based simply on (...)
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  29. Fairness and Family Background.Ingvild Almås, Alexander W. Cappelen, Kjell G. Salvanes, Erik Ø Sørensen & Bertil Tungodden - forthcoming - Politics, Philosophy and Economics:1470594-15618966.
    Fairness preferences fundamentally affect individual behavior and play an important role in shaping social and political institutions. However, people differ both with respect to what they view as fair and with respect to how much weight they attach to fairness considerations. In this article, we study the role of family background in explaining these heterogeneities in fairness preferences. In particular, we examine how socioeconomic background relates to fairness views and to how people make trade-offs between fairness and self-interest. To study (...)
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  30. Threshold Considerations in Fair Allocation of Health Resources: Justice Beyond Scarcity.Allen Andrew A. Alvarez - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (8):426–438.
  31. Welfare State.Bower Aly - 1950 - [Columbia? Mo..
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  32. Being Lucky and Being Deserving, and Distribution.Anthony Amatrudo - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (4):658-669.
    This paper examines the concepts of desert and luck, familiar in political theory but neglected by sociologists. I argue that the idea of desert is composed of both personal performance and the degree of responsibility a person has over that performance. Distribution ought to be in accordance with the indebtedness created by the person's performance. This can be compromised by luck; that is, personal desert is undermined where lack of performance scuttles the applicability of the contributory model. This paper examines (...)
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  33. Thinking About Inequality: Personal Judgment and Income Distributions.Yoram Amiel & Frank Cowell - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    What is inequality? In the late 1990s there was an explosion of interest in the subject that yielded a substantial body of formal tools and results for income-distribution analysis. Nearly all of this is founded on a small set of core assumptions - such as the Principle of Transfers, scale independence, the population principle∑ - that are used to give meaning to specific concepts of inequality measurement, inequality ranking and, indeed, to inequality itself. But does the standard axiomatic structure coincide (...)
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  34. Public Health, Ethics, and Equity.Sudhir Anand (ed.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In the last fifty years, average overall health status has increased more or less in parallel with a much celebrated decline in mortality, attributed mostly to poverty reduction, sanitation, nutrition, housing, immunization, and improved medical care. It is becoming increasingly clear, however, that these achievements were not equally distributed. In most countries, while some social groups have benefited significantly, the situation of others has stagnated or may even have worsened.If health is a prerequisite to a person functioning as an agent, (...)
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  35. Welfare, Work Requirements, and Dependant-Care.Elizabeth Anderson - 2004 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (3):243-256.
    the arguments in their favour are weak. Arguments based on reciprocity fail to explain why only means-tested public benefits should be subject to work requirements, and why unpaid dependant care work should not count as satisfying citizens’ obligations to reciprocate. Argu- ments based on promoting the work ethic misattribute recipients’ nonwork to deviant values, when their core problem is finding steady employment consistent with supporting a family and meeting dependant care responsibilities. Rigid work requirements impose unreasonable costs on some of (...)
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  36. Inequality Reexamined, Sen Amartya. Harvard University Press, 1992, 207 + Xiv Pages.Elizabeth Anderson - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (1):182.
  37. Sen and the Bhagavad Gita: Lessons for a Theory of Justice.Joshua Anderson - 2012 - Asian Philosophy 22 (1):63-74.
    In The Idea of Justice, Amartya Sen, among other things, discusses certain qualities any adequate theory of justice ought to incorporate. Two important qualities a theory of justice should account for are impartiality/objectivity and sensitivity to consequences. In order to motivate his discussion of sensitivity to consequences, Sen discusses the debate between Krishna and Arjuna from the religio-philosophical Hindu text the Bhagavad Gita. According to Sen, Arjuna represents a sensitivity to consequences while Krishna is an archetypal deontologist. In this paper (...)
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  38. Sabina Alkire, Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction:Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction.Scott A. Anderson - 2003 - Ethics 113 (3):678-680.
  39. In the Name of Morality: Moral Responsibility, Whiteness and Social Justice Education.Barbara Applebaum - 2005 - Journal of Moral Education 34 (3):277-290.
    This paper argues that the ?traditional conception of moral responsibility? authorizes and supports denials of white complicity. First, what is meant by the ?traditional conception of moral responsibility? is delineated and the enabling and disenabling characteristics of this view are highlighted. Then, three seemingly good, antiracist discourses that white students often engage in are discussed ? the discourse of colour?blindness, the discourse of meritocracy and the discourse of individual choice ? and analysed to show how they are all grounded in (...)
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  40. Basic Social Rights, Constitutional Justice, and Democracy.Rodolfo Arango - 2003 - Ratio Juris 16 (2):141-154.
  41. Membership and Justice.David Archard - 2002 - Theoria 49 (99):7-25.
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  42. The Intemporal Dimension of Distributive Justice.Kaj Areskoug - 1976 - Reason Papers 3:1-12.
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  43. Justice and Attachment to Natural Resources.Chris Armstrong - 2014 - Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (1):48-65.
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  44. Kok-Chor Tan, Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality.Chris Armstrong - 2013 - Social Theory and Practice 39 (4):695-701.
  45. The Welfarist Strikes Back.Dick Arneson - unknown
    In chapter 1 of Sovereign Virtue Ronald Dworkin argues against the claim that insofar as we care about distributive equality (equality in the distribution of resources to be privately owned), what we should care about is equality of welfare. This says that a distribution of resources in a society is equal just in case it results in all members of society having the same level of welfare (utility, well-being, personal good).
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  46. Book Review: Disadvantage, Capability, Commensurability, and Policy. [REVIEW]R. J. Arneson - 2010 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 9 (3):339-357.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  47. Distributive Justice and Basic Capability Equality: 'Good Enough' is Not Good Enough Richard J. Arneson.Richard Arneson - manuscript
    Amartya Sen is a renowned economist who has also made important contributions to philosophical thinking about distributive justice. These contributions tend to take the form of criticism of inadequate positions and insistence on making distinctions that will promote clear thinking about the topic. Sen is not shy about making substantive normative claims, but thus far he has avoided commitment to a theory of justice, in the sense of a set of principles that specifies what facts are relevant for policy choice (...)
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  48. Introduction to Rawls on Justice and Rawls on Utilitarianism.Richard Arneson - unknown
    According to Rawls, the principles of justice are principles that determine a fair resolution of conflicts of interest among persons in a society. “A set of principles is required for choosing among the various social arrangements which determine this division of advantages and for underwriting an agreement on the proper distributive shares” (p. 4). Different interpretations or conceptions of justice fill out this core concept; a theory of justice seeks a best conception. Justice takes priority over other normative claims—as Rawls (...)
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  49. Real Freedom and Distributive Justice.Richard Arneson - unknown
    Here is a picture of a society that one might suppose to be ideally just in its distributive practices: All members of the society are equally free to live in any way that they might choose, and institutions are arranged so that the equal freedom available to all is at the highest feasible level. What, if anything, is wrong with this picture? One might object against the insistence on equal freedom for all and propose that freedom should instead be maximinned, (...)
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  50. Rawls, Responsibility, and Distributive Justice.Richard Arneson - manuscript
    The theory of justice pioneered by John Rawls explores a simple idea--that the concern of distributive justice is to compensate individuals for misfortune. Some people are blessed with good luck, some are cursed with bad luck, and it is the responsibility of society--all of us regarded collectively--to alter the distribution of goods and evils that arises from the jumble of lotteries that constitutes human life as we know it. Some are lucky to be born wealthy, or into a favorable socializing (...)
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