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  1. added 2018-09-21
    When Mountains Cease to Be Mountains: An Interreligious Meditation on the Sanctification of Desire.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    What is the relationship of human desire to divine love? Spiritual traditions teach us that human desire achieves its true aim only through elevation into the life of divine love. In this essay, I provide a reading of three sayings from three spiritual traditions - Buddhist, Taoist, and Christian - in order to explore the meaning of this. By weaving these sayings together, I believe, we can use them to illuminate one another as well as recognize a basic commonality among (...)
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  2. added 2018-08-12
    Belief in a Good and Loving God: A Case Study in the Varieties of a Religious Belief.Gabriel Citron - 2014 - In Andrew Moore (ed.), God, Mind and Knowledge. Farnham, UK: Routledge. pp. 67-86.
    There has been much recent debate over the meaning of the claim that God is good and loving. Although the participants in this debate strongly disagree over the correct analysis of the claim, there is nonetheless agreement across all parties that there is a single correct analysis. This paper aims to overthrow this consensus, by showing that sentences such as ‘There is a good and loving God’ are often used to express a variety of beliefs with quite different logico-grammatical characteristics. (...)
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  3. added 2018-06-15
    How Could Prayer Make a Difference? Discussion of Scott A. Davison, Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation.Caleb Murray Cohoe - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (2):171-185.
    I critically respond to Scott A. Davison, Petitionary Prayer: A Philosophical Investigation. I attack his Contrastive Reasons Account of what it takes for a request to be answered and provide an alternative account on which a request is answered as long as it has deliberative weight for the person asked. I also raise issues with Davison’s dismissive treatment of direct divine communication. I then emphasize the importance of value theory for addressing the puzzles of petitionary prayer. Whether a defense of (...)
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  4. added 2018-06-13
    The Legend of the Living Water.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
  5. added 2018-06-11
    God, Evil, and Occasionalism.Matthew Shea & C. P. Ragland - 2018 - Religious Studies 54 (2):265-283.
    In a recent paper, Alvin Plantinga defends occasionalism against an important moral objection: if God is the sole direct cause of all the suffering that results from immoral human choices, this causal role is difficult to reconcile with God’s perfect goodness. Plantinga argues that this problem is no worse for occasionalism than for any of the competing views of divine causality; in particular, there is no morally relevant difference between God directly causing suffering and God indirectly causing it. First, we (...)
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  6. added 2018-05-16
    Are All Things Permissible?: A Look at Woody Allen's "Crimes and Misdemeanors".Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    In this essay I examine the moral message presented in Woody Allen's film, "Crimes and Misdemeanors.".
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  7. added 2018-03-24
    The Agony of the Infinite: The Presence of God as Phenomenological Hell.A. G. Holdier - 2018 - In Simon Cushing (ed.), Heaven & Philosophy. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. pp. 119-135.
    Much recent academic literature on the afterlife has been focused on the justice of eternity and whether a good God could allow a person to experience eternal suffering in Hell. Two primary escapes are typically suggested to justify never-ending punishment for sinners: the traditional view focuses the blame for an individual’s condemnation away from God onto the sinner’s freely chosen actions; the universalist position denies the eternality of the punishment on the grounds that God’s inescapable love and eventual victory over (...)
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  8. added 2018-03-23
    Heaven and Philosophy.Simon Cushing (ed.) - 2017 - Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
    This volume is a collection of essays analyzing different issues concerning the nature, possibility, and desirability of heaven as understood by the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity. and Islam. Topics include whether or not it is possible that a mortal could, upon bodily death, become an inhabitant of heaven without loss of identity, where exactly heaven might be located, whether or not everyone should be saved, or if there might be alternative destinations (including some less fiery versions of Hell). Chapter (...)
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  9. added 2018-02-17
    The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy. [REVIEW]Robert Hanna - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (1):155-157.
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  10. added 2018-02-08
    The Spirit and the Ego: A Brief Cognitive Model for the Spiritual Path.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    In this very brief piece, I outline a way of thinking about spiritual pursuits.
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  11. added 2018-01-22
    On Eternal Punishment: A Brief Dialogue.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    In this brief dialogue I consider the humanity and morality of the doctrine of eternal punishment.
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  12. added 2017-12-28
    Review of God's Goodness and God's Evil by James Kellenberger. [REVIEW]Lloyd Strickland - 2017 - Reading Religion.
  13. added 2017-09-07
    The Grounds of Worship.Tim Bayne & Yujin Nagasawa - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (3):299-313.
    Although worship has a pivotal place in religious thought and practice, philosophers of religion have had remarkably little to say about it. In this paper we examine some of the many questions surrounding the notion of worship, focusing on the claim that human beings have obligations to worship God. We explore a number of attempts to ground our supposed duty to worship God, and argue that each is problematic. We conclude by examining the implications of this result, and suggest that (...)
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  14. added 2017-06-05
    God is Not the Author of Sin: An Anselmian Response to McCann.Katherin A. Rogers - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (3):300-310.
    Following Anselm of Canterbury I argue against Hugh McCann’s claim that a traditional, classical theist understanding of God’s relationship to creation entails that God is the cause of our choices, including our choice to sin. I explain Anselm’s thesis that God causes all that has ontological status, yet does not cause sin. Then I show that McCann’s God, if not a sinner, must nonetheless be an unloving deceiver, McCann’s theodicy fails on its own terms, his proposed requirements for moral authenticity (...)
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  15. added 2017-06-05
    Divine Creation and Perfect Goodness in a ‘No Best World’ Scenario.Myron A. Penner - 2006 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 59 (1):25-47.
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  16. added 2017-06-05
    The Vanity of God.Charles Taliaferro - 1989 - Faith and Philosophy 6 (2):140-154.
    Christian theism gives rise to what may be termed the problem of Divine vanity. The God of Christianity seems to be vain with respect to matters of creation, worship, and redemption. God’s creating beings in His own image is akin to an artist creating self-portraits. The Divine command (or invitation) that these image-bearers worship Him seems to be the height of egotism. In matters of redemption, God still insists upon being in the limelight, the talk of the town. This prima (...)
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  17. added 2017-06-05
    Divine Impeccability.Vincent Brümmer - 1984 - Religious Studies 20 (2):203 - 214.
    In the Christian tradition it has generally been claimed that God, being perfectly good, has the attribute not only of impeccantia but also of impeccabilitas . Thus, for example, Aquinas held that ‘God is unable to will anything evil. Hence it is evident that God cannot sin’; and according to the Westminster Confession, ‘God,…being holy and righteous, neither is nor can be the author or approver of sin’.
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  18. added 2017-06-05
    Intrinsic Maxima and Omnibenevolence.Edward Wierenga - 1979 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (1):41 - 50.
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  19. added 2017-05-30
    Theism and Morality.Christian Miller - 2017 - In Leonard Clapp (ed.), Philosophy for Us. Cognella. pp. 113-123.
    This textbook chapter briefly introduces and defend a way of thinking about the relationship between God and morality. Section one explains how “God” is meant to be understood. Section two then introduces the position that morality depends in some way upon God. Section three turns to some of the leading arguments for this view. Finally, we will conclude with the most powerful challenge to this approach, namely what has come to be called the Euthyphro Dilemma.
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  20. added 2017-05-21
    The God Who Died on a Cross.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    This is a spiritual-theological reflection on the meaning of the Cross of Christ, in the form of a prose-poetic monologue.
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  21. added 2017-03-02
    Blameworthiness, Love, and Strong Divine Sovereignty.Peter Furlong - 2017 - Sophia 56 (3):419-433.
    In this paper, I explore some problems faced by those who endorse what I will call strong divine sovereignty. According to this view, every worldly event is guaranteed by God’s causal activity. The first problem this view faces is that it seems to make God morally blameworthy. I explore several possible ways for defenders of SDS to avoid this conclusion. Unfortunately, however, each of these solutions leaves another problem intact: if SDS is true, then it appears that God is not (...)
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  22. added 2017-03-02
    Is God the Cause of Sin?Peter Furlong - 2014 - Faith and Philosophy 31 (4):422-434.
    In this paper I will investigate one way of resolving the apparent tension between the following three propositions, endorsed by some theists: Every worldly event is a consequence guaranteed by God’s unimpedible causal activity, People sin, God is not the cause of sin. In particular, I will examine what I will call the unadorned privation defense, which has roots in Aquinas and continues to find defenders. I will argue that although defenders of this view successfully rebut certain criticisms, their defense (...)
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  23. added 2017-02-16
    Divine Moral Goodness, Supererogation and The Euthyphro Dilemma.Alfred Archer - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 79 (2):147-160.
    How can we make sense of God’s moral goodness if God cannot be subject to moral obligations? This question is troubling for divine command theorists, as if we cannot make sense of God’s moral goodness then it seems hard to see how God’s commands could be morally good. Alston argues that the concept of supererogation solves this problem. If we accept the existence of acts that are morally good but not morally required then we should accept that there is no (...)
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  24. added 2017-02-16
    God, Goodness, and Philosophy, Ed. Harriet A. Harris. [REVIEW]Raymond J. Vanarragon - 2014 - Faith and Philosophy 31 (1):109-112.
  25. added 2017-02-14
    Dobroć (Boga - Goodness of God).Marek Pepliński - 2016 - In Janusz Salamon (ed.), Przewodnik po filozofii religii. Nurt analityczny, Kraków 2016. Wydawnictwo WAM. pp. 121-40.
    The paper presents some historical (Plato, Aristotle, Plotin, Augustine, Boethius, Aquinas) and main contemporary topics about different accounts of goodness of God understood as ontological goodness, perfection and as ethical goodness - impeccability and benevolence. The arguments for goodness of God are presented, mainly from stance of Thomas Aquinas classical theism as well as arguments against compatibility of essential goodness and omnipotence (N. Pike) and being an moral agent. The article draws perspective of different philosophical issues connected with goodness of (...)
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  26. added 2017-02-12
    The Blank Face of Love: The Possibility of Goodness in the Literary and Philosophical Work of Iris Murdoch1.Jennifer Spencer Goodyer - 2009 - Modern Theology 25 (2):217-237.
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  27. added 2017-02-12
    The Goodness and Dignity of Man in the Christian Tradition1.Thomas F. Torrance - 1988 - Modern Theology 4 (4):309-322.
  28. added 2017-02-12
    Moral Goodness and the Truth of Religious Claims.Mark Smith - 1981 - Sophia 20 (1):17-24.
  29. added 2017-02-11
    Euthyphro and the Goodness of God Incarnate.Robin Le Poidevin - 2011 - Ratio 24 (2):206-221.
    A familiar problem is here viewed from an unfamiliar angle. The familiar problem is the Euthyphro dilemma: if God wills something because it is good, then goodness is independent of God, so God becomes, morally speaking, de trop. On the other hand, if something is good because God wills it, then, given the absence of constraint on what God may will, moral truths are – counterintuitively – contingent. An examination of the kinds of necessity and possibility at work in this (...)
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  30. added 2017-02-09
    Wynn, Mark. God and Goodness: A Natural Theological Perspective.Lawrence Dewan - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):954-955.
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  31. added 2017-02-09
    Being and Goodness.Philip L. Quinn - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (2):408-410.
  32. added 2017-02-09
    Is God Necessarily Good?A. A. Howsepian - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (4):473 - 484.
    Few propositions are so widely affirmed among Christian theists as God is wholly good. We say of God that he is wholly good when we mean to say that God never does evil. One proposed explanation for why God is wholly good, of course, is that God is necessarily good. Although is uncontroversial among Christian theists, clearly does not enjoy such universal favour. Whereas such prominent theists as St Anselm, St Thomas Aquinas, Alvin Plantinga , and T. V. Morris have (...)
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  33. added 2017-02-09
    Goodness and Nature.Michael Slote - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (3):640-641.
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  34. added 2017-02-08
    God, Goodness, and Philosophy: Morality and Philosophy of Religion.Harriet A. Harris (ed.) - 2011 - Ashgate.
    Another set of chapters tests the coherence of Anselmian theism and concepts of an Omni-God in relation to divine knowledge and goodness.This book will be of interest to scholars and undergraduates in philosophy of religion, as well as ...
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  35. added 2017-02-08
    Human Goodness: Pragmatic Variations on Platonic Themes. By Paul Schollmeier.Raymond Dennehy - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (2):350-351.
  36. added 2017-02-08
    Is Creation Really Good?O. S. F. Ilia Delio - 2009 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 83 (1):3-22.
    The relationship between being and goodness is one of the most engaging philosophical questions, particularly in light of the new science, which pointsto the interconnectedness of the physical world. The relationship between being and goodness is examined here in the thought of Bonaventure, who maintainsa primacy of the good. Bonaventure’s integration of philosophy and theology provides an understanding of being as goodness and hence an understandingof being as relational and generative. Because being is good, created reality is intrinsically good and (...)
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  37. added 2017-02-08
    Goodness Needs No Privilege.Thomas D. Senor - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (4):423-431.
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  38. added 2017-02-08
    Against God's Moral Goodness.Joseph L. Lombardi - 2005 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (2):313-326.
    While denying that God has moral obligations, William Alston defends divine moral goodness based on God’s performance of supererogatory acts. The present article argues that an agent without obligations cannot perform supererogatory acts. Hence, divine moral goodness cannot be established on that basis. Defenses of divine moral obligation by Eleonore Stump and Nicholas Wolterstorff are also questioned. Against Stump, it is argued (among other things) that the temptations of Jesus do not establish the existence of a tendency to sin in (...)
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  39. added 2017-02-08
    The Necessity of God's Goodness.Thomas V. Morris - 1985 - New Scholasticism 59 (4):418-448.
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  40. added 2017-02-08
    The Paradox of Human Goodness.Max Hamburgh - 1980 - Zygon 15 (2):223-234.
  41. added 2017-02-07
    The Goodness of God.Leon Roth - 1927 - Philosophy 2 (8):503.
    The problem to which the present paper is addressed is one aspect of that of the relationship between Religion and Morality. That God is good is a proposition which presents itself to many with axiomatic force, and by its help the path is traced which leads directly either from Religion to Morality or from Morality to Religion. Yet the reflective mind may well ask: By what evidence, or in what way, do we know that God is good? If the proposition (...)
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  42. added 2017-02-03
    Moral Perfection.Laura Garcia - 2008 - In Thomas P. Flint & Michael C. Rea (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology. Oxford University Press.
    In the 1970s, Alvin Plantinga made use of the Anselmian concept of God to develop a modal version of Anselm's ontological argument for God's existence. His definition describes the God of perfect-being theology as one that exists necessarily and is essentially omnipotent, omniscient, and morally perfect, and this definition has become standard in discussions about the nature and existence of the God of western theism. Hence, these discussions operate with a relatively thin conception of God, since many of the key (...)
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  43. added 2017-02-02
    Remarks on Jove and Thor.Jeremy Gwiazda - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (1):79-86.
    In “How an Unsurpassable Being can Create a Surpassable World,” Daniel and Frances Howard-Snyder employ a fascinating thought experiment in anattempt to show that a morally unsurpassable being can create a surpassable world. Imagine that for each positive integer there is a world that a good,omnipotent, omniscient being can create. Jove randomly selects a number and creates the corresponding world; Thor simply creates world 888. The Howard-Snyders argue that it is logically possible that Jove is morally unsurpassable. William Rowe counters (...)
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  44. added 2017-01-29
    The Essential Moral Perfection of God: LAURA L. GARCIA.Laura L. Garcia - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (1):137-144.
    Many theists of a traditional bent have been bothered by the apparent tension between God's essential omnipotence and his essential moral goodness. Nelson Pike draws attention to the conflict between these two attributes in his article ‘Omnipotence and God's Ability to Sin’, and there have been many attempts to respond to it since that time. Most of these responses argue that the essential omnipotence and essential goodness of God are not logically incompatible, so that the traditional conception of God is (...)
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  45. added 2017-01-29
    A New Solution to an Old Problem: GEORGE B. WALL.George B. Wall - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (4):511-530.
    Although a personal god of mixed moral character is logically possible, no personal god that has been represented as less than wholly good has gained more than a strictly local appeal. The Judaeo-Christian god is no exception. The god is represented as merciful, kind, longsuffering, forgiving, loving - in a word, wholly good. Of course, representing a god as wholly good is one thing; providing a convincing defence of his goodness is quite another. Indeed, many would contend that of all (...)
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  46. added 2017-01-24
    Mr. King—Farlow on Precosmological Goodness.Roland Puccetti - 1965 - Sophia 4 (3):25-27.
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  47. added 2017-01-23
    God and Goodness.Hugh Rice - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Hugh Rice explains why belief in God need not be seen as a strange or irrational kind of belief, but can be a natural extension of our ordinary ways of thinking. He suggests that we should think of God in an abstract way, and he offers a satisfying account of the relationship between God and goodness. Anyone interested in the nature of God and the basis of religious belief will enjoy this book.
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  48. added 2017-01-22
    Euthyphro and the Goodness of God Incarnate.Robin le Poidevin - 2011 - Ratio 24 (2):206-221.
    A familiar problem is here viewed from an unfamiliar angle. The familiar problem is the Euthyphro dilemma: if God wills something because it is good, then goodness is independent of God, so God becomes, morally speaking, de trop. On the other hand, if something is good because God wills it, then, given the absence of constraint on what God may will, moral truths are – counterintuitively – contingent. An examination of the kinds of necessity and possibility at work in this (...)
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  49. added 2017-01-22
    The Essential Moral Perfection of God.Laura L. Garcia - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (1):137 - 144.
  50. added 2017-01-22
    The Concept of Divine Goodness and the Problem of Evil.G. Stanley Kane - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (1):49 - 71.
    Traditional theism maintains the view that the world is created by a God who is at once omnipotent and perfectly good. One of the most persistent challenges to this view is that known as the problem of evil. The challenge consists in the allegation that the manifest imperfections of the world are incompatible with its having been created by a God who is both perfectly good and has the power to carry out his will. In the face of this challenge (...)
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