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  1. added 2020-03-10
    Das Ende vom Problem des methodischen Anfangs: Descartes' antiskeptisches Argument.Hans Rott & Verena Wagner - 2005 - In Gereon Wolters & Martin Carrier (eds.), Homo Sapiens Und Homo Faber. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 133–145.
    Descartes' Meditations do not end up sceptical at all. In fact, the sixth meditation displays an intriguing epistemological optimism. Descartes affirms without reservation that knowledge of the external world is possible. The antisceptical argument at the end of the Meditations is often interpreted as a refutation of dream scepticism, with the conclusion that a person in the waking state can also determine that he or she is awake. We examine the logic of the argument in detail and find that this (...)
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  2. added 2019-11-08
    On Dreaming and Being Lied To.Paul Faulkner - 2006 - Episteme 2 (3):149-159.
    As sources of knowledge, perception and testimony are both vulnerable to sceptical arguments. To both arguments a Moorean response is possible: both can be refuted by reference to particular things known by perception and testimony. However, lies and dreams are different possibilities and they are different in a way that undercuts the plausibility of a Moorean response to a scepticism of testimony. The condition placed on testimonial knowledge cannot be trivially satisfied in the way the Moorean would suggest. This has (...)
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  3. added 2019-10-13
    De somnis i il·lusions. Llegim les Meditacions Metafísiques (1641) de Descartes (2018).Montserrat Crespin Perales - manuscript
    Texto presentación - Festival de Filosofia Barcelona Pensa 2018 Queda terminantemente prohibida la reproducción total o parcial de este documento, así como su uso indebido y/o su exhibición o comunicación a terceros. Código de registro 1912062630974 .
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  4. added 2019-06-06
    Sosa's Responses to Dreaming Skepticism.Claudia Lorena García - 2010 - Critica 42 (125):3-25.
    Ernest Sosa has proposed two different ways to respond to dreaming skepticism. In this paper I argue that Sosa's first response —which centers on holding that we have no beliefs in dreams— does not appear to be successful against either the hyperbolic or the realistic dreaming skeptic. I also argue that his second attempt to respond to the dreaming skeptic by arguing that perceptual knowledge indeed counts as what he calls "animal knowledge", may succeed but requires us to perform what (...)
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  5. added 2018-07-07
    Jay Rosenberg: Thinking About Knowing, OUP 2002. [REVIEW]Christian Helmut Wenzel - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (3):453–456.
  6. added 2018-02-18
    Natural Doubts: Williams's Diagnosis Of Scepticism.Reid Buchanan - 2002 - Synthese 131 (1):57-80.
    Michael Williams believes that scepticism about the external world seems compelling only because the considerations that underpin it are thought to be "mere platitudes" about e.g., the nature and source of human knowledge, and hence, that if it shown through a "theoretical diagnosis" that it does not rest upon such platitudes, but contentious theoretical considerations that we are no means bound to accept, we can simply dismiss the absurd sceptical conclusion. Williams argues that scepticism does presuppose two extremely contentious doctrines, (...)
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  7. added 2018-01-02
    Cartesian Epistemology Without Cartesian Dreams? Commentary on Jennifer Windt's Dreaming.Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa - 2018 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 25 (5-6):30-43.
    Jennifer Windt’s Dreaming is an enormously rich and thorough book, developing illuminating connections between dreaming, the methodology of psychology, and various philosophical subfields. I’ll focus on two epistemological threads that run through the book. The first has to do with the status of certain assumptions about dreams. Windt argues that the assumptions that dreams involve experiences, and that dream reports are reliable — are methodologically necessary default assumptions, akin to Wittgensteinian hinge propositions. I’ll suggest that Windt is quietly pre-supposing some (...)
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  8. added 2017-12-28
    Dreams in a Vat.Danilo Suster - 2016 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 12 (2):89-105.
    Putnam’s semantic argument against the BIV hypothesis and Sosa’s argument against dream skepticism based on the imagination model of dreaming share some important structural features. In both cases the skeptical option is supposed to be excluded because preconditions of its intelligibility are not fulfilled (affirmation and belief in the dream scenario, thought and reference in the BIV scenario). Putnam’s reasoning is usually interpreted differently, as a classic case of deception, but this feature is not essential. I propose to interpret BIV’s (...)
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  9. added 2017-03-31
    Meditations on the Dream Argument.Yakir Levin - 1999 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 57 (1):7-15.
    According to one fairly standard reconstruction Descartes' Dream Argument has two crucial premises. The paper starts by analysing two important failed attempts, discussed by Barry Stroud and Mark Steiner, at justifying one of these premises. On this basis then an alternative is suggested to the line of interpretation assumed by these attempts which easily resolves the problems they face. It is shown that this alternative and its rivals are on a par with respect to the other crucial premise of the (...)
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  10. added 2017-03-31
    3. Dreaming.Edwin M. Curley - 1978 - In Descartes Against the Skeptics. Harvard University Press. pp. 46-69.
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  11. added 2017-03-31
    Can One Tell That He is Awake by Pinching Himself?John O. Nelson - 1966 - Philosophical Studies 17 (6):81 - 84.
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  12. added 2017-02-07
    A Refutation of Global Scepticism.Ken Gemes - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):218-219.
    Various possibilities, that one is dreaming, that one is being deceived by a deceitful demon, that one is a brain in the vat being stimulated to think one has a body and is in a regular world, have been invoked to show that all one's experience-based beliefs might be false. Descartes in Meditation I advises that in order not to lapse into his careless everyday view of things he, or at least his meditator, should pretend that all his experience-based beliefs, (...)
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  13. added 2017-01-30
    Dreams, Metaphors and Scepticism.Joseph C. Kunkel - 1981 - Philosophy Today 25 (4):307-316.
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  14. added 2017-01-30
    Dreams, Scepticism, and Waking Life.T. M. Reed - 1979 - In Donald F. Gustafson & Bangs L. Tapscott (eds.), Body, Mind, and Method. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 37--64.
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  15. added 2017-01-30
    The Dream Argument.Ronald Suter - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (3):185 - 194.
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  16. added 2016-11-20
    Sleeping and Waking.Margaret Macdonald - 1953 - Mind 62 (April):202-215.
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  17. added 2016-10-11
    A Time for Waking.David A. Givner - 1978 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 16 (1):641-648.
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  18. added 2016-10-11
    Descartes and Hobbes on Waking and Dreaming.W. Von Leyden - 1956 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 10 (1):95.
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  19. added 2016-10-11
    Sleeping and Waking.W. von Leyden - 1956 - Mind 65 (April):241-245.
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  20. added 2016-08-22
    Dreams and Deceivers in Meditation One.Peter J. Markie - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (2):185-209.
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  21. added 2016-08-22
    Is Theaetetus Dreaming?Leon Pearl - 1970 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 31 (1):108-113.
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  22. added 2016-08-18
    The Twisted Matrix: Dream, Simulation, or Hybrid?Andy Clark - 2005 - In C. Grau (ed.), Philosophical Essays on the Matrix. Oxford University Press New York.
    “The Matrix is a computer-generated dreamworld built to keep us under control” Morpheus, early in The Matrix. “ In dreaming, you are not only out of control, you don’t even know it…I was completely duped again and again the minute my pons, my amygdala, my perihippocampal cortex, my anterior cingulate, my visual association and parietal opercular cortices were revved up and my dorsolateral prefrontal cortex was muffled” ” J. Allan Hobson, The Dream Drugstore, p.64 The Matrix is an exercise in (...)
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  23. added 2016-08-17
    The Internal Problem of Dreaming: Detection and Epistemic Risk.George Botterill - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (2):139 – 160.
    There are two epistemological problems connected with dreaming, which are of different kinds and require different treatment. The internal problem is best seen as a problem of rational consistency, of how we can maintain all of: Dreams are experiences we have during sleep. Dream-experiences are sufficiently similar to waking experiences for the subject to be able to mistake them for waking experiences. We can tell that we are awake. (1)-(3) threaten to violate a requirement on discrimination: that we can only (...)
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  24. added 2016-08-17
    Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the Experience Machine: Philosophy and The Matrix.Christopher Grau - 2005 - In Philosophers Explore The Matrix. Oxford University Press.
  25. added 2016-08-17
    Did I Dream That or Did It Really Happen? A Phenomenological Criterion for Distinguishing Remembered Dream Experiences From Remembered Waking Experiences.David Ward - 2001 - Manuscrito 24 (1):85-101.
    Is there a way to tell whether what you remember was something you dreamt or something that really happened without making reference to coherence criteria? I suggest contra Descartes that there is a certain sign ‘by means of which one can distinguish clearly between being awake and being asleep’. This certain sign is the intensive magnitude associated with every sensation.
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  26. added 2016-08-17
    The Melon and the Dictionary: Reflections on Descartes's Dreams.Alan Gabbey - 1998 - Journal of the History of Ideas 59 (4):651-668.
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  27. added 2016-08-17
    Dreaming and Wakefulness: On the Possibility of Crossing Between Worlds.Jorge García-Gómez - 1990 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 21 (1):68-86.
  28. added 2016-08-17
    Dreaming And Being Awake: A Defense Of Descartes.James Humber - 1989 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 6 (January):3-26.
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  29. added 2016-08-17
    Dreams and Representations: A New Perspective on Dreaming and Cartesian Skepticism.Robert Wachbrit - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (4).
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  30. added 2016-08-17
    Dreaming in Descartes À la Wilson.Viorica Farkas - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:111-125.
    Descartes argues that since there are no certain marks to distinguish waking experiences from dreams, we need to justify our belief that waking experiences are veridical experiences of physical objects while dreams are illusions. He resolves this problem by arguing that the absence of marks distinguishing dreams from waking experiences notwithstanding, we are justified in ascribing different cognitive values to waking experiences and dreams. For, our belief in God rules out any other explanation of the agreement of all our faculties (...)
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  31. added 2016-08-17
    Dreaming and Certainty.Jim Stone - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 45 (May):353-368.
    I argue that being wide awake is an epistemic virtue which enables me to recognize immediately that I'm wide awake. Also I argue that dreams are imaginings and that the wide awake mind can immediately discern the difference between imaginings and vivid sense experience. Descartes need only pinch himself.
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  32. added 2016-08-17
    The Role of Dreaming in Descartes' Meditations.James D. Stuart - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):97-108.
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  33. added 2016-08-17
    The Difference Between Dreaming and Being Awake.J. F. M. Hunter - 1983 - Mind 92 (January):80-93.
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  34. added 2016-08-17
    Descartes, Dreaming, and Professor Wilson.Ermanno Bencivenga - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (1):75-85.
    In her book "descartes", Margaret wilson proposes a new interpretation of the dreaming argument. According to this interpretation, Descartes does not reach his conclusion via a subconclusion that I cannot be certain that I am not dreaming (as was claimed by more traditional authors such as moore, Malcolm, Frankfurt, And walsh), But rather directly, By pointing out that I cannot be certain that waking experience is veridical. The present article examines the arguments supporting wilson's interpretation, And finds them to be (...)
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  35. added 2016-08-17
    Markie on Dreams and Deceivers.Carol J. White & Thomas C. Gillespie - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 42 (2):287 - 295.
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  36. added 2016-08-17
    I May Be Dreaming Now: Another Dip Into the Cartesian Well.Ralph Davis - 1978 - Philosophical Investigations 1 (2):54-58.
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  37. added 2016-08-17
    Philosophical Essays on Dreaming.Charles E. M. Dunlop (ed.) - 1977 - Cornell University Press.
  38. added 2016-06-03
    Whose Dream Is It Anyway?Avner Baz - 2014 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 4 (3-4):263-287.
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  39. added 2016-06-03
    Fallibilism and Knowing That One Is Not Dreaming.Stephen Hetherington - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):83 - 102.
    Of course, if infallibilism about such knowledge is true, then it is true that one can never know that one is not dreaming. But, of course, if infallibilism is true, then there is also no special difficulty posed for one’s having knowledge in general by one’s not knowing in particular that one is not dreaming: one would know either nothing or next to nothing anyway, regardless of one’s not knowing in particular that one is not dreaming. Yet epistemologists have generally (...)
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  40. added 2016-03-08
    What Descartes' Demon Can Do and His Dream Cannot.Ruth Weintraub - 2006 - Theoria 72 (4):319-335.
    The reason Descartes cites for invoking the demon argument in addition to the dream argument is that the demon argument is intended to broaden the scope of Descartes’ scepticism, to subsume additional beliefs under it. I present an additional, unfamiliar reason. There is, I argue, an important difference between the two sceptical arguments. It pertains not to their scope, but to their “depth”, to the kind of scepticism they are capable of inducing.
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  41. added 2016-03-07
    Sosa’s Dream.Nathan Ballantyne & Ian Evans - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (2):249-252.
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  42. added 2015-08-25
    1% Skepticism.Eric Schwitzgebel - 2017 - Noûs 51 (2):271-290.
    A 1% skeptic is someone who has about a 99% credence in non-skeptical realism and about a 1% credence in the disjunction of all radically skeptical scenarios combined. The first half of this essay defends the epistemic rationality of 1% skepticism, appealing to dream skepticism, simulation skepticism, cosmological skepticism, and wildcard skepticism. The second half of the essay explores the practical behavioral consequences of 1% skepticism, arguing that 1% skepticism need not be behaviorally inert.
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  43. added 2015-08-25
    The Self-Knowledge Gambit.Berislav Marušić - 2013 - Synthese 190 (12):1977-1999.
    If we hold that perceiving is sufficient for knowing, we can raise a powerful objection to dreaming skepticism: Skeptics assume the implausible KK-principle, because they hold that if we don’t know whether we are dreaming or perceiving p, we don’t know whether p. The rejection of the KK-principle thus suggests an anti-skeptical strategy: We can sacrifice some of our self-knowledge—our second-order knowledge—and thereby save our knowledge of the external world. I call this strategy the Self-Knowledge Gambit. I argue that the (...)
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  44. added 2015-08-24
    The Empirical Basis To Skepticism.Robert Hudson - 2007 - Minerva 11:101-112.
    Broadly speaking, there are two different ways in which one might defend skepticism – an a priori wayand an empirical way. My first task in this paper is to defend the view that the preferred way to defendskepticism is empirical. My second task is to explain why this approach actually makes sense. Iaccomplish this latter task by responding to various criticisms one might advance against the possibilityof empirically defending skepticism. In service of this response, I distinguish between two differentkinds of (...)
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  45. added 2015-07-25
    Only a Wet Dream? Hope and Skepticism in Horace, Satire 1.5.Kenneth J. Reckford - 1999 - American Journal of Philology 120 (4):525-554.
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  46. added 2015-07-24
    Professor Norman Malcolm: Dreaming.David F. Pears - 1961 - Mind 70 (April):145-163.
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  47. added 2015-07-22
    Radical Critique, Scepticism and Commonsense.Raimond Gaita - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:157-171.
    Suppose that someone writes an argument on a blackboard which leads to the conclusion that he may, at that time, be dreaming. He goes over it, considers its validity, the truth of its premises, its assumptions and so on, and then to his dismay, he judges that he is compelled to conclude that he may be dreaming. He goes over the argument repeatedly and carefully, but finds the conclusion ‘inescapable’. If reviewing the argument on the blackboard may be taken as (...)
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  48. added 2015-07-14
    Deflationary Approaches to Scepticism.Robert Reid Buchanan - 1999 - Dissertation, Mcmaster University (Canada)
    This dissertation examines a traditional philosophical problem within a novel framework. The so-called "problem of the external world" is a problem about how knowledge, and even reasonable belief, about the world are possible, and it is best characterized as the challenge to show how and why scepticism about the external world---the absurd view that such knowledge is impossible---is incorrect. My framework for the examination of this problem involves two major elements. ;The first element involves a general characterization of the nature (...)
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  49. added 2015-04-25
    Scepticism and Dreaming: Imploding the Demon.Crispin Wright - 1991 - Mind 100 (1):87-116.
  50. added 2015-04-20
    Security and Dreams in the Epistemology of Sosa.Juan Comesana - 2009 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):75-81.
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