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  1. Dream Skepticism and the Conditionality Problem.Kristoffer Ahlstrom - 2011 - Erkenntnis 75 (1):45-60.
    Recently, Ernest Sosa (2007) has proposed two novel solutions to the problem of dream skepticism. In the present paper, I argue that Sosa’s first solution falls prey to what I will refer to as the conditionality problem, i.e., the problem of only establishing a conditional—in this case, if x, then I am awake, x being a placeholder for a condition incompatible with dreaming—in a context where it also needs to be established that we can know that the antecedent holds, and (...)
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  2. Sosa's Dream.Nathan Ballantyne & Ian Evans - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (2):249 - 252.
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  3. Sosa’s Dream.Nathan Ballantyne & Ian Evans - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (2):249-252.
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  4. Whose Dream Is It Anyway?Avner Baz - 2014 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 4 (3-4):263-287.
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  5. Skepticism and Knowing One Is Awake.M. W. Beal - 1976 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):33-36.
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  6. Descartes, Dreaming, and Professor Wilson.Ermanno Bencivenga - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (1):75-85.
    In her book "descartes", Margaret wilson proposes a new interpretation of the dreaming argument. According to this interpretation, Descartes does not reach his conclusion via a subconclusion that I cannot be certain that I am not dreaming (as was claimed by more traditional authors such as moore, Malcolm, Frankfurt, And walsh), But rather directly, By pointing out that I cannot be certain that waking experience is veridical. The present article examines the arguments supporting wilson's interpretation, And finds them to be (...)
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  7. Dreams, Dramas, and Scepticism.William S. Boardman - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (116):220-228.
    Malcolm;[1] but the sharp attacks in the last decade on Malcolm's assumptions have led some philosophers to suppose that Descartes' dreaming problem is a cogent support for scepticism. [2] In this paper, I hope to dispose of the problem without using controversial assumptions of the sort used by Malcolm.
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  8. The Internal Problem of Dreaming: Detection and Epistemic Risk.George Botterill - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (2):139 – 160.
    There are two epistemological problems connected with dreaming, which are of different kinds and require different treatment. The internal problem is best seen as a problem of rational consistency, of how we can maintain all of: Dreams are experiences we have during sleep. Dream-experiences are sufficiently similar to waking experiences for the subject to be able to mistake them for waking experiences. We can tell that we are awake. (1)-(3) threaten to violate a requirement on discrimination: that we can only (...)
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  9. Review: Sosa on Scepticism. [REVIEW]Jessica Brown - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (3):397 - 405.
    In my remarks, I discuss Sosa's attempt to deal with the sceptical threat posed by dreaming. Sosa explores two replies to the problem of dreaming scepticism. First, he argues that, on the imagination model of dreaming, dreaming does not threaten the safety of our beliefs. Second, he argues that knowledge does not require safety, but a weaker condition which is not threatened by dreaming skepticism. I raise questions about both elements of his reply.
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  10. Sosa on Scepticism. [REVIEW]Jessica Brown - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (3):397--405.
    In my remarks, I discuss Sosa's attempt to deal with the sceptical threat posed by dreaming. Sosa explores two replies to the problem of dreaming scepticism. First, he argues that, on the imagination model of dreaming, dreaming does not threaten the safety of our beliefs. Second, he argues that knowledge does not require safety, but a weaker condition which is not threatened by dreaming skepticism. I raise questions about both elements of his reply.
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  11. Sound Sleep and Sound Scepticism.Robert Brown - 1957 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 35 (May):47-53.
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  12. Problems with the Wright Route to Skepticism.Anthony Brueckner - 1992 - Mind 101 (402):309-317.
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  13. Natural Doubts: Williams's Diagnosis of Scepticism.Reid Buchanan - 2002 - Synthese 131 (1):57-80.
    Michael Williams believes that scepticism about the externalworld seems compelling only because the considerations that underpin it are thoughtto be ``mere platitudes'''' about e.g., the nature and source of human knowledge, and hence,that if it shown through a ``theoretical diagnosis'''' that it does not rest upon suchplatitudes, but contentious theoretical considerations that we are no means bound toaccept, we can simply dismiss the absurd sceptical conclusion. Williams argues thatscepticism does presuppose two extremely contentious doctrines, however, he admits thatif these doctrines (...)
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  14. Deflationary Approaches to Scepticism.Robert Reid Buchanan - 1999 - Dissertation, Mcmaster University (Canada)
    This dissertation examines a traditional philosophical problem within a novel framework. The so-called "problem of the external world" is a problem about how knowledge, and even reasonable belief, about the world are possible, and it is best characterized as the challenge to show how and why scepticism about the external world---the absurd view that such knowledge is impossible---is incorrect. My framework for the examination of this problem involves two major elements. ;The first element involves a general characterization of the nature (...)
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  15. Sosa on Skepticism.Otávio Bueno - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (2):195-202.
    Abstract: Ernest Sosa has recently articulated an insightful response to skepticism and, in particular, to the dream argument. The response relies on two independent moves. First, Sosa offers the imagination model of dreaming according to which no assertions are ever made in dreams and no beliefs are involved there. As a result, it is possible to distinguish dreaming from being awake, and the dream argument is blocked. Second, Sosa develops a virtue epistemology according to which in appropriately normal conditions our (...)
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  16. Descartes' Resolution of the Dreaming Doubt.Brad Chynoweth - 2010 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 91 (2):153-179.
    After resolving the dreaming doubt at the end of the Sixth Meditation, Descartes concedes to Hobbes that one could apply the criterion for waking experience in a dream and thus be deceived, but he no longer considers this possibility to have skeptical force. I argue that this is a legitimate response by Descartes since 1) the dreaming doubt in the Sixth Meditation is no longer a global skeptical hypothesis as it is in the First, and 2) the level of certainty (...)
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  17. The Twisted Matrix: Dream, Simulation, or Hybrid?Andy Clark - 2005 - In C. Grau (ed.), Philosophical Essays on the Matrix. Oxford University Press New York.
    “The Matrix is a computer-generated dreamworld built to keep us under control” Morpheus, early in The Matrix. “ In dreaming, you are not only out of control, you don’t even know it…I was completely duped again and again the minute my pons, my amygdala, my perihippocampal cortex, my anterior cingulate, my visual association and parietal opercular cortices were revved up and my dorsolateral prefrontal cortex was muffled” ” J. Allan Hobson, The Dream Drugstore, p.64 The Matrix is an exercise in (...)
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  18. Security and Dreams in the Epistemology of Sosa.Juan Comesana - 2009 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):75-81.
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  19. 3. Dreaming.Edwin M. Curley - 1978 - In Descartes Against the Skeptics. Harvard University Press. pp. 46-69.
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  20. I May Be Dreaming Now: Another Dip Into the Cartesian Well.Ralph Davis - 1978 - Philosophical Investigations 1 (2):54-58.
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  21. Belief in Dreams.Charles E. M. Dunlop - 1978 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 56 (May):61-64.
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  22. Dreams, Skepticism, and Scientific Research.Charles E. M. Dunlop - 1978 - Philosophia 8 (2-3):355-65.
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  23. Philosophical Essays on Dreaming.Charles E. M. Dunlop (ed.) - 1977 - Cornell University Press.
  24. Performatives and Dream Skepticism.Charles E. M. Dunlop - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 25 (4):295 - 297.
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  25. Dreaming in Descartes À la Wilson.Viorica Farkas - 1985 - Philosophy Research Archives 11:111-125.
    Descartes argues that since there are no certain marks to distinguish waking experiences from dreams, we need to justify our belief that waking experiences are veridical experiences of physical objects while dreams are illusions. He resolves this problem by arguing that the absence of marks distinguishing dreams from waking experiences notwithstanding, we are justified in ascribing different cognitive values to waking experiences and dreams. For, our belief in God rules out any other explanation of the agreement of all our faculties (...)
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  26. On Dreaming and Being Lied To.Paul Faulkner - 2005 - Episteme 2 (3):149-159.
    As sources of knowledge, perception and testimony are both vulnerable to sceptical arguments. To both arguments a Moorean response is possible: both can be refuted by reference to particular things known by perception and testimony. However, lies and dreams are different possibilities and they are different in a way that undercuts the plausibility of a Moorean response to a scepticism of testimony. The condition placed on testimonial knowledge cannot be trivially satisfi ed in the way the Moorean would suggest. This (...)
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  27. The Melon and the Dictionary: Reflections on Descartes's Dreams.Alan Gabbey - 1998 - Journal of the History of Ideas 59 (4):651-668.
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  28. Radical Critique, Scepticism and Commonsense.Raimond Gaita - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:157-171.
    Suppose that someone writes an argument on a blackboard which leads to the conclusion that he may, at that time, be dreaming. He goes over it, considers its validity, the truth of its premises, its assumptions and so on, and then to his dismay, he judges that he is compelled to conclude that he may be dreaming. He goes over the argument repeatedly and carefully, but finds the conclusion ‘inescapable’. If reviewing the argument on the blackboard may be taken as (...)
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  29. Sosa's Responses to Dreaming Skepticism.Claudia Lorena García - 2010 - Critica 42 (125):3 - 25.
    Ernest Sosa has proposed two different ways to respond to dreaming skepticism. In this paper I argue that Sosa's first response —which centers on holding that we have no beliefs in dreams— does not appear to be successful against (what we have called) either the hyperbolic or the realistic dreaming skeptic. I also argue that his second attempt to respond to the dreaming skeptic by arguing that perceptual knowledge indeed counts as what he calls "animal knowledge", may succeed but requires (...)
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  30. Dreaming and Wakefulness: On the Possibility of Crossing Between Worlds.Jorge García-Gómez - 1990 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 21 (1):68-86.
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  31. A Refutation of Global Scepticism.Ken Gemes - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):218-219.
    Various possibilities, that one is dreaming, that one is being deceived by a deceitful demon, that one is a brain in the vat being stimulated to think one has a body and is in a regular world, have been invoked to show that all one's experience-based beliefs might be false. Descartes in Meditation I advises that in order not to lapse into his careless everyday view of things he, or at least his meditator, should pretend that all his experience-based beliefs, (...)
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  32. A Time for Waking.David A. Givner - 1978 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 16 (1):641-648.
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  33. Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the Experience Machine: Philosophy and The Matrix.Christopher Grau - 2005 - In Philosophers Explore The Matrix. Oxford University Press.
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  34. Die Struktur Des Skeptischen Traumarguments.T. Grundmann - 2002 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 64 (1):57-81.
    Skeptical dream-arguments are intended as general challenges to our epistemic claims concerning the world. They argue that we can never rule out the possibility of merely dreaming what we believe to perceive. In my paper I will scrutinize whether any kind of such argument is sound. On my view, many versions of this argument are defective. They are either too weak to challenge all kinds of our epistemic claims or they rely on implausibly strong epistemic principles. More plausible versions of (...)
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  35. Descartes and Dream Skepticism Revisited.Robert Hanna - 1992 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (3):377-398.
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  36. The Cartesian Dreaming Argument for External-World Skepticism.Stephen Hetherington - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  37. Fallibilism and Knowing That One Is Not Dreaming.Stephen Hetherington - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):83 - 102.
  38. The Empirical Basis To Skepticism.Robert Hudson - 2007 - Minerva 11:101-112.
    Broadly speaking, there are two different ways in which one might defend skepticism – an a priori wayand an empirical way. My first task in this paper is to defend the view that the preferred way to defendskepticism is empirical. My second task is to explain why this approach actually makes sense. Iaccomplish this latter task by responding to various criticisms one might advance against the possibilityof empirically defending skepticism. In service of this response, I distinguish between two differentkinds of (...)
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  39. Fumerton's Principle of Inferential Justification.M. Huemer - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Research 28:329--340.
    Richard Fumerton’s “Principle of Inferential Justification” holds that, in order to be justified in believing P on the basis of E, one must be justified in believing that E makes P probable. I argue that the plausibility of this principle rests upon two kinds of mistakes: first, a level confusion; and second, a fallacy of misconditionalisation. Furthermore, Fumerton’s principle leads to skepticism about inferential justification, for which reason it should be rejected. Instead, the examples Fumerton uses to motivate his principle (...)
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  40. Dreaming And Being Awake: A Defense Of Descartes.James Humber - 1989 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 6 (January):3-26.
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  41. The Difference Between Dreaming and Being Awake.J. F. M. Hunter - 1983 - Mind 92 (January):80-93.
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  42. Skepticism and the Imagination Model of Dreaming.Jonathan Ichikawa - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):519–527.
    Penultimate draft; please refer to published version -- especially important in this case, as the official version has been Britishized; even the title's second letter is not the same. Abstract. Ernest Sosa has argued that the solution to dream skepticism lies in an understanding of dreams as imaginative experiences – when we dream, on this suggestion, we do not believe the contents of our dreams, but rather imagine them. Sosa rebuts skepticism thus: dreams don’t cause false beliefs, so my beliefs (...)
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  43. The Birth of the Modern Mind.Alan Charles Kors - 1998 - Teaching Co..
    lecture 1. Introduction : intellectual history and conceptual change -- lecture 2. The dawn of the 17th century : Aristotelian scholasticism -- lecture 3. The new vision of Francis Bacon -- lecture 4. The new astronomy and cosmology -- lecture 5. Descartes's dream of perfect knowledge -- lecture 6. The specter of Thomas Hobbes -- lecture 7. Skepticism and Jansenism : Blaise Pascal -- lecture 8. Newton's discovery -- lecture 9. The Newtonian revolution -- lecture 10. John Locke, the revolution (...)
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  44. Dreams, Metaphors and Scepticism.Joseph C. Kunkel - 1981 - Philosophy Today 25 (4):307-316.
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  45. Austin, Dreams, and Skepticism.Adam Leite - unknown
    J. L. Austin’s attitude towards traditional epistemological problems was largely negative. They arise and are maintained, he charged, by “sleight of hand,” “wile,” “concealed motives,” “seductive fallacies,” fixation on a handful of “jejune examples” and a host of small errors, misinterpretations, and mistakes about matters of fact (1962: 3- 6, 1979: 87). As these charges indicate, he did not offer a general critical theory of traditional epistemological theorizing or of the intellectual motivations that lead to it. Instead, he subjected individual (...)
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  46. Meditations on the Dream Argument.Yakir Levin - 1999 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 57:7-15.
    According to one fairly standard reconstruction Descartes' Dream Argument has two crucial premises. The paper starts by analysing two important failed attempts, discussed by Barry Stroud and Mark Steiner, at justifying one of these premises. On this basis then an alternative is suggested to the line of interpretation assumed by these attempts which easily resolves the problems they face. It is shown that this alternative and its rivals are on a par with respect to the other crucial premise of the (...)
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  47. Dreams, Scepticism, and Features of the World.Morris Lipson - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 55 (2):223 - 228.
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  48. Sleeping and Waking.Margaret Macdonald - 1953 - Mind 62 (April):202-215.
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  49. Dreaming and Scepticism: A Rejoinder.Norman Malcolm - 1957 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 35 (December):207-211.
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  50. Dreaming and Skepticism.Norman Malcolm - 1956 - Philosophical Review 65 (January):14-37.
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