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  1. added 2020-01-21
    Imagination, Dreaming, and Hallucination.Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa - 2016 - In Amy Kind (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Imagination. London, UK: Taylor & Francis. pp. 149-62.
  2. added 2019-11-04
    Are There Epistemic Conditions Necessary for Demonstrative Thought?Michael Barkasi - forthcoming - Synthese:1-28.
    Starting with Gareth Evans, there’s an important tradition of theorizing about perception-based demonstrative thought which assigns necessary epistemic conditions to it. Its core idea is that demonstrative reference in thought is grounded in information links, understood as links which carry reliable information about their targets and which a subject exploits for demonstrative reference by tokening the mental files fed by these links. Perception, on these views, is not fundamental to perception-based demonstrative thought but is only the information link exploited in (...)
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  3. added 2019-06-06
    Virtual Reality and Dreams: Towards the Autistic Condition?Thorsten Botz-Borstein - 2004 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 11 (2):1-10.
    The virtual annuls all suspension of time that could, through its tragic or stylistic character, confer to time an existential value. This condition is contrasted with time as it functions in dreams. On the grounds of these observations it is shown that there are resemblances between “autistic” symptoms and the virtual world.
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  4. added 2019-06-06
    Dreaming, Cognition, and Physical Illness: Part I.Robert Haskell - 1985 - Journal of Medical Humanities 6 (1):46-56.
    Part I of a two part article on the effect upon dreaming on physical illness briefly explores the historical medico-philosophical antecedents of the notion that dreams can be diagnostic of bodily disease. Modern sleep research findings relating REM sleep to physiologic changes are also explored. The controversy of whether dreams are merely the consequence of random brain activity or whether they are a valid psychological phenomenon is discussed. Six contemporary views of the function of REM sleep are outlined. A seventh (...)
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  5. added 2018-02-14
    Lucretius On Time and Its Perception.Pamela Zinn - 2016 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):125-151.
    This paper analyzes the ontology and epistemology of time in Lucretius’ De rerum natura. It uses the physiology of perception as well as epistemology to shed new light on the metaphysics. It presents an exegesis-based interpretation of the nature of time and of its perception, both arguing for and refining this interpretation by showing its explanatory power. The paper shows that Lucretius represents the perception of time or sensus temporis as a distinct sensory faculty, reconstructs how it emerges and operates, (...)
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  6. added 2017-03-31
    A Replication of the 5–7day Dream-Lag Effect with Comparison of Dreams to Future Events as Control for Baseline Matching. [REVIEW]Mark Blagrove, Josie Henley-Einion, Amanda Barnett, Darren Edwards & C. Heidi Seage - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):384-391.
    The dream-lag effect refers to there being, after the frequent incorporation of memory elements from the previous day into dreams , a lower incorporation of memory elements from 2 to 4 days before the dream, but then an increased incorporation of memory elements from 5 to 7 days before the dream. Participants kept a daily diary and a dream diary for 14 days and then rated the level of matching between every dream report and every daily diary record. Baseline matching (...)
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  7. added 2017-03-31
    Neurobiology of Conscious and Unconscious Processes During Waking and Sleep.Claude Gottesmann - 2009 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 15 (2).
    Waking mind functioning comprises conscious and unconscious processes, with the latter being experimentally demonstrated by parapraxes and recent findings showing the active suppression of unwanted memories. According to psychoanalytic theory, these repression phenomena involve an unconscious censorship process. Today, neurobiological results show that this process seems to occur during waking rather than during the dreaming sleep stage.
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  8. added 2017-03-31
    Drugs and Dreams.J. Allan Hobson - 2007 - In D. Barrett & P. McNamara (eds.), The New Science of Dreaming. Praeger Publishers. pp. 1--85.
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  9. added 2017-03-31
    Neuroimaging of REM Sleep and Dreaming.Thien Thanh Dang Vu, Manuel Schabus, Martin Desseilles, Sophie Schwartz & Pierre Maquet - 2007 - In D. Barrett & P. McNamara (eds.), The New Science of Dreaming. Praeger Publishers.
  10. added 2017-03-31
    Evolution and the Interpretation of (REM Sleep) Dreams.Alan T. Lloyd - 2007 - In D. Barrett & P. McNamara (eds.), The New Science of Dreaming. Praeger Publishers. pp. 3--249.
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  11. added 2017-03-31
    Repression and Dreaming: An Open Empirical Question.Schredl Michael - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):531-532.
    From the perspective of modern dream research, Freud's hypotheses regarding repression and dreaming are difficult to evaluate. Several studies indicate that it is possible to study these topics empirically, but it needs a lot more empirical evidence, at least in the area of dream research, before arriving at a unified theory of repression.
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  12. added 2017-03-31
    Review Essays : Dreams and Nightmares Technology in 3-D.Edward Davenport - 1990 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 20 (1):110-126.
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  13. added 2017-03-31
    Decrease in Field Dependence Following Rapid Eye Movement Sleep.Joseph M. De Koninck, David Koulack & Gene Oczkowski - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (4):257-258.
  14. added 2017-03-31
    Oculomotor Control: A Possible Function of REM Sleep.Ralph J. Berger - 1969 - Psychological Review 76 (2):144-164.
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  15. added 2017-03-31
    Retentiveness and Dreams.Henry Rutgers Marshall - 1916 - Mind 25 (98):206-222.
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  16. added 2017-01-30
    Dreams and Dreaming in Disorders of Sleep.Sanford Auerbach - 2007 - In D. Barrett & P. McNamara (eds.), The New Science of Dreaming. Praeger Publishers. pp. 1--221.
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  17. added 2017-01-30
    Personality and Dreaming.M. Blagrove - 2007 - In D. Barrett & P. McNamara (eds.), The New Science of Dreaming. Praeger Publishers. pp. 2--115.
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  18. added 2017-01-30
    Poor Recall of Eye-Movement Signals From Stage 2 Compared to REM Sleep: Implications for Models of Dreaming.Russell Conduit, Sheila Gillard Crewther & Grahame Coleman - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):484-500.
    An ongoing assumption made by sleep researchers is that since dreams are more often recalled on awakening from rapid eye movement sleep, dreams must occur more often during this stage of sleep. An alternative hypothesis is that cognition occurs throughout sleep, but the recall of this mentation differs on awakening. When a dream is not reported on awakening, there is no method of establishing whether it did not happen or was forgotten. The aim of the present study was to investigate (...)
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  19. added 2017-01-30
    Commentary on Professor Hobson’s First-Person Account of a Lateral Medullary Stroke : Affirmative Action for the Brainstem in Consciousness Studies?Douglas F. Watt - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):391-395.
  20. added 2017-01-30
    New Multiplicities of Dreaming and REMing.Harry T. Hunt - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):953-955.
    The five authors vary in the degree to which the recent neuroscience of the REM state leads them towards multiple dimensions and forms of dreaming consciousness (Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Solms) or toward all-explanatory single factor models (Vertes & Eastman, Revonsuo). The view of the REM state as a prolongation of the orientation response to novelty fits best with the former pluralisms but not the latter monisms. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Revonsuo; Solms; Vertes & Eastman].
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  21. added 2017-01-30
    Rem Mentation in Narcoleptics and Normals: An Empirical Test of Two Neurocognitive Theories.Roar Fosse - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (4):488-509.
    This study tested the two main neurocognitive models of dreaming by using cognitive data elicited from REM sleep in normals and narcoleptics. The two models were the ''activation-only'' view which holds that, in the context of sleep, overall activation of the brain is sufficient for consciousness to proceed in the manner of dreaming (e.g., Antrobus, 1991; Foulkes, 1993; Vogel, 1978); and the Activation, Input source, Modulation (AIM model), which predicts that not only brain activation level but also neurochemical modulatory systems (...)
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  22. added 2017-01-30
    States Of Consciousness in Sleep, Dream and Beyond: A Biothermodynamic and Neurocybernetic Evolutionary Study.P. K. Roy & D. D. Majumder - 2000 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 10 (1):57-108.
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  23. added 2017-01-30
    The Reinterpretation of Dreams: An Evolutionary Hypothesis of the Function of Dreaming.Antti Revonsuo - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):877-901.
    Several theories claim that dreaming is a random by-product of REM sleep physiology and that it does not serve any natural function. Phenomenal dream content, however, is not as disorganized as such views imply. The form and content of dreams is not random but organized and selective: during dreaming, the brain constructs a complex model of the world in which certain types of elements, when compared to waking life, are underrepresented whereas others are over represented. Furthermore, dream content is consistently (...)
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  24. added 2017-01-30
    The Appearance of the Deceased in Dreams of the Bereaved.Kimberly Bateman - 1999 - Dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute
    It has been a common finding among modern theorists that dreams about the deceased are a healthy attempt by the bereaved to resolve conflicts, surrender attachments, and deal with feelings of abandonment . In this paradigm, the dream image has been seen as an internally generated memory trace, or introjection. In contrast, pre-scientific cultures and modern tribal peoples have held longstanding beliefs about the veracity of these communications from the dead. This study employed a qualitative research design using a phenomenological (...)
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  25. added 2017-01-30
    Bedtimes and Sleep Duration in Relation to Smoking Behaviour in 14-Year-Old English Schoolchildren.I. D. M. Macgregor & J. W. Balding - 1988 - Journal of Biosocial Science 20 (3):371-376.
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  26. added 2017-01-30
    Cortical Hemisphere Asymmetry and Sleep Mentation.John Antrobus - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (3):359-368.
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  27. added 2017-01-30
    Significance of Sleep for Brain Mechanisms.G. Moruzzi - 1966 - In John C. Eccles (ed.), Brain and Conscious Experience. Springer. pp. 338--45.
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  28. added 2016-12-08
    Sleep and Dream Suppression Following a Lateral Medullary Infarct: A First-Person Account.J. Allan Hobson - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):377-390.
    Consciousness can be studied only if subjective experience is documented and quantified, yet first-person accounts of the effects of brain injury on conscious experience are as rare as they are potentially useful. This report documents the alterations in waking, sleeping, and dreaming caused by a lateral medullary infarct. Total insomnia and the initial suppression of dreaming was followed by the gradual recovery of both functions. A visual hallucinosis during waking that was associated with the initial period of sleep and dream (...)
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  29. added 2016-12-05
    Philosophers Explore the Matrix.Christopher Grau (ed.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    The Matrix trilogy is unique among recent popular films in that it is constructed around important philosophical questions--classic questions which have fascinated philosophers and other thinkers for thousands of years. Editor Christopher Grau here presents a collection of new, intriguing essays about some of the powerful and ancient questions broached by The Matrix and its sequels, written by some of the most prominent and reputable philosophers working today. They provide intelligent, accessible, and thought-provoking examinations of the philosophical issues that support (...)
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  30. added 2016-11-20
    Sacred Sleep: Scientific Contributions to the Study of Religiously Significant Dreaming.Kelly Bulkeley - 2007 - In D. Barrett & P. McNamara (eds.), The New Science of Dreaming. Praeger Publishers. pp. 3--71.
  31. added 2016-11-20
    Music in Dreams.Valeria Uga, Maria Chiara Lemut, Chiara Zampi, Iole Zilli & Piero Salzarulo - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):351-357.
    Music in dreams is rarely reported in scientific literature, while the presence of musical themes in dreams of famous musicians is anecdotally reported. We did a systematic investigation to evaluate whether the occurrence of musical dreams could be related to musical competence and practice, and to explore specific features of dreamt pieces. Thirty-five professional musicians and thirty non-musicians filled out a questionnaire about the characteristics of their musical activity and a structured dream log on the awakening for 30 consecutive days. (...)
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  32. added 2016-11-20
    Is the Threat Simulation Theory Threatened by Recurrent Dreams?Sophie Desjardins & Antonio Zadra - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):470-474.
    Zadra, Desjardins, and Marcotte tested several predictions derived from the Threat Simulation Theory of dreaming in a large sample of recurrent dreams. In response to these findings, Valli and Revonsuo presented a commentary outlining alternate conceptualizations and explanations for the results obtained. We argue that many points raised by Valli and Revonsuo do not accurately reflect our main findings and at times present a biased assessment of the data. In this article, we provide necessary clarifications and responses to each one (...)
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  33. added 2016-11-20
    The Threat Simulation Theory of the Evolutionary Function of Dreaming: Evidence From Dreams of Traumatized Children.Katja Valli, Antti Revonsuo, Outi Pälkäs, Kamaran Hassan Ismail, Karzan Jalal Ali & Raija-Leena Punamäki - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):188-218.
    The threat simulation theory of dreaming states that dream consciousness is essentially an ancient biological defence mechanism, evolutionarily selected for its capacity to repeatedly simulate threatening events. Threat simulation during dreaming rehearses the cognitive mechanisms required for efficient threat perception and threat avoidance, leading to increased probability of reproductive success during human evolution. One hypothesis drawn from TST is that real threatening events encountered by the individual during wakefulness should lead to an increased activation of the system, a threat simulation (...)
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  34. added 2016-11-20
    The Dream of Language: Wittgenstein's Concept of Dreams in the Context of Style and Lebensform.Thorsten Botz–Bornstein - 2003 - Philosophical Forum 34 (1):73-89.
  35. added 2016-11-20
    Emotion and Cognition: Feeling and Character Identification in Dreaming.David Kahn, Edward Pace-Schott & J. Allan Hobson - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):34-50.
    This study investigated the relationship between dream emotion and dream character identification. Thirty-five subjects provided 320 dream reports and answers to questions on characters that appeared in their dreams. We found that emotions are almost always evoked by our dream characters and that they are often used as a basis for identifying them. We found that affection and joy were commonly associated with known characters and were used to identify them even when these emotional attributes were inconsistent with those of (...)
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  36. added 2016-11-20
    Dreams in Place.Ian Hacking - 2001 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 59 (3):245–260.
  37. added 2016-11-20
    Review of Michel Jouvet, the Paradox of Sleep: The Story of Dreaming; and Patricia Cox Miller, Dreams in Late Antiquity. [REVIEW]John Sutton - 2001 - Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 10:355-358.
    This review describes central difficulties in the interdisciplinary study of dreaming, summarizes Jouvet's account of his role in the history of modern dream science, queries his positive speculations on the semantics of dreaming, and suggests work for historians of neuroscience.
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  38. added 2016-11-20
    Continued Vitality of the Freudian Theory of Dreaming.Howard Shevrin & Alan S. Eiser - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1004-1006.
    A minority position is presented in which evidence will be cited from the Hobson, Solms, Revonsuo, and Nielsen target articles and from other sources, supporting major tenets of Freud's theory of dreaming. Support is described for Freud's view of dreams as meaningful, linked to basic motivations, differing qualitatively in mentation, and wish-fulfilling. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Revonsuo; Solms].
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  39. added 2016-11-20
    Threat Perceptions and Avoidance in Recurrent Dreams.A. Zadra & D. C. Donderi - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1017-1018.
    Revonsuo argues that the biological function of dreaming is to simulate threatening events and to rehearse threat avoidance behaviors. He views recurrent dreams as an example of this function. We present data and clinical observations suggesting that (1) many types of recurrent dreams do not include threat perceptions; (2) the nature of the threat perceptions that do occur in recurrent dreams are not always realistic; and (3) successful avoidance responses are absent from most recurrent dreams and possibly nightmares. [Hobson et (...)
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  40. added 2016-11-20
    The Pharmacology of Threatening Dreams.Lawrence J. Wichlinski - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1016-1017.
    The pharmacological literature on negative dream experiences is reviewed with respect to Revonsuo's threat rehearsal theory of dreaming. Moderate support for the theory is found, although much more work is needed. Significant questions that remain include the precise role of acetylcholine in the generation of negative dream experiences and dissociations between the pharmacology of waking fear and anxiety and threatening dreams. [Revonsuo].
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  41. added 2016-11-20
    Reflexive and Orienting Properties of Rem Sleep Dreaming and Eye Movements.John Herman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):950-950.
    In this manuscript Hobson et al. propose a model exploring qualitative differences between the three states of consciousness, waking, NREM sleep, and REM sleep, in terms of state-related brain activity. The model consists of three factors, each of which varies along a continuum, creating a three-dimensional space: activation (A), information flow (I), and mode of information processing (M). Hobson has described these factors previously (1990; 1992a). Two of the dimensions, activation and modulation, deal directly with subcortical influences upon cortical structures (...)
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  42. added 2016-11-20
    The Dramaturgy of Dreams in Pleistocene Minds and Our Own.Keith Gunderson - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):946-947.
    The notion of simulation in dreaming of threat recognition and avoidance faces difficulties deriving from (1) some typical characteristics of dream artifacts (some “surreal,” some not) and (2) metaphysical issues involving the need for some representation in the theory of a perspective subject making use of the artifact. [Hobson et al.; Revonsuo].
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  43. added 2016-11-20
    The “Problem” of Dreaming in NREM Sleep Continues to Challenge Reductionist (Two Generator) Models of Dream Generation.Tracey L. Kahan - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):956-958.
    The “problem” of dreaming in NREM sleep continues to challenge models that propose a causal relationship between REM mechanisms and the psychological features of dreaming. I suggest that, ultimately, efforts to identify correspondences among multiple levels of analysis will be more productive for dream theory than attempts to reduce dreaming to any one level of analysis. [Hobson et al. ; Nielsen].
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  44. added 2016-11-20
    Mesolimbic Dopamine and the Neuropsychology of Dreaming: Some Caution and Reconsiderations.Fabrizio Doricchi & Cristiano Violani - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):930-931.
    New findings point to a role for mesolimbic DA circuits in the generation of dreaming. We disagree with Solms about these structures having an exclusive role in generating dreams. We review data suggesting that dreaming can be interrupted at different levels of processing and that anterior-subcortical lesions associated with dream cessation are unlikely to produce selective hypodopaminergic dynamic impairments. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Solms].
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  45. added 2016-11-20
    Bizarreness in Dreams and Fantasies: Implications for the Activation-Synthesis Hypothesis.J. Williams - 1992 - Consciousness and Cognition 1 (2):172-185.
    Dreaming is a statistically robust cognitive correlate of REM sleep, but all of its formal features may occur in other states of sleep and even in waking, especially during fantasy. In order to test the hypothesis that the brain basis of such cognitive features as dream bizarreness is to be found in REM sleep neurophysiology, it is critical to quantify bizarreness in dreams and other mental states and to analyze the data with respect to both the magnitude and the kind (...)
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  46. added 2016-11-20
    The Multiplicity of Dreams: Memory, Imagination and Consciousness. [REVIEW]Robert Haskell - 1989 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 10 (4):417-420.
    While at first glance, it may appear atypical and perhaps inappropriate to begin a book review by briefly reviewing a previously published work of another author, this seeming incongruence is, in fact, only apparently inappropriate. In a chapter from an edited book critiquing cognition and dream research in which I focused on the uneasy relationship between mainstream cognitive psychology and dream research, I mainly critiqued Foulkes' work because, I suggested, he had "become a kind of spokesperson for the mainstream approach (...)
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  47. added 2016-11-20
    The Right Cerebral Hemisphere: Emotion, Music, Visual-Spatial Skills, Body-Image, Dreams, and Awareness.R. Joseph - 1988 - Journal of Clinical Psychology 44:630-673.
  48. added 2016-11-20
    Logical Structure and the Cognitive-Psychology of Dreaming.R. E. Haskell - 1986 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (2-3):345-378.
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  49. added 2016-11-20
    Prophetic Dreams in Greek and Roman Antiquity.N. Vaschide - 1901 - The Monist 11 (2):161-194.
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  50. added 2016-10-11
    Dreaming and Waking Experiences in Schizophrenia: How Should the (Dis)Continuity Hypotheses Be Approached Empirically?Valdas Noreika - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):349-352.
    A number of differences between the dreams of schizophrenia patients and those of healthy participants have been linked to changes in waking life that schizophrenia may cause. This way, the “continuity hypothesis” has become a standard way to relate dreaming and waking experiences in schizophrenia. Nevertheless, some of the findings in dream literature are not compatible with the continuity hypothesis and suggest some other ways how dream content and waking experiences could interact. Conceptually, the continuity hypothesis could be sharpened into (...)
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