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1 — 50 / 70
  1. added 2020-04-10
    Effects of the Benzodiazepine Lorazepam on Monitoring and Control Processes in Semantic Memory.Marilyne Massin-Krauss, Elisabeth Bacon & Jean-Marie Danion - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):123-137.
    Lorazepam has been repeatedly shown to induce memory impairments. The effects of this benzodiazepine on the processes involved in the strategic regulation of memory accuracy have not as yet been explored. An experimental procedure that delineates the role of monitoring and control processes was used. Fifteen lorazepam and 15 placebo subjects were examined using a semantic memory task that combined both a forced- and a free-report option and a no-incentive and an incentive condition. Memory accuracy was lower in the lorazepam (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-08
    The Mechanism of Action of Hallucinogenic Drugs.Hans Flohr - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S58 - S59.
  3. added 2020-02-12
    QEEG Studies of the Acute Effects of the Visionary Tryptamine DMT.Juan Acosta-Urquidi - 2015 - Cosmos and History 11 (2):115-129.
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  4. added 2020-02-03
    Introduction to the Special Issue: Ayahuasca, Plant‐Based Spirituality, and the Future of Amazonia.Christina Callicott - 2016 - Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (2):113-120.
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  5. added 2020-01-27
    Inspired by Mary Jane? Mechanisms Underlying Enhanced Creativity in Cannabis Users.Emily M. LaFrance & Carrie Cuttler - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 56:68-76.
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  6. added 2020-01-27
    Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Gene Modulates Private Self-Consciousness and Self-Flexibility.Bei Wang, Wenzhao Ru, Xing Yang, Lu Yang, Pengpeng Fang, Xu Zhu, Guomin Shen, Xiaocai Gao & Pingyuan Gong - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 44:186-192.
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  7. added 2019-11-17
    From Lab Bench to Bedside... To Nowhere: Premises, Problems, and Paths.Mark D. Rego - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (2):137-141.
  8. added 2019-11-13
    Internists of the Mind or Physicians of the Soul: Does Psychiatry Need a Public Philosophy?Don Browning - 2008 - Zygon 43 (2):371-383.
    Although psychiatry is interested in what both body and mind contribute to behavior, it sometimes emphasizes one more than the other. Since the early 1980s, American psychiatry has shifted its interest from mind and psyche to body and brain. Neuroscience and psychopharmacology are increasingly at the core of psychiatry. Some experts claim that psychiatry is no longer interested in problems in living and positive goals such as mental health, happiness, and morality but rather has narrowed its focus to mental disorders (...)
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  9. added 2019-11-13
    Prescriptions for Responsible Psychiatry.Joseph Agassi - 1996 - In William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.), The Philosophy of Psychology. Sage Publications. pp. 339.
    The ills of psychiatry are currently diagnoses with the aid of deficient etiologies. The currently proposed prescriptions for psychiatry are practically impossible. The defective part of the profession is its leadership which in its very defensiveness sticks to the status quo, thereby owning the worst defects and impeding all possible cure. The current discussions of the matter are pretentious and thus woolly. The minimal requirement from the profession as a whole and from each of its individual members is that they (...)
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  10. added 2019-11-06
    What Are (and What Are Not) The Existential Implications of Antidepressant Use?Mark D. Rego - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (2):119-128.
  11. added 2019-11-06
    The Uses of Borrowed Knowledge: Chaos Theory and Antidepressants.Stephen H. Kellert - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (3):239-242.
  12. added 2019-11-06
    Antidepressants and the Chaotic Brain: Implications for the Respectful Treatment of Selves.Douglas W. Heinrichs - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (3):215-227.
  13. added 2019-11-06
    Descriptions and Prescriptions: Values, Mental Disorders, and the DSMs (Review).Dean Frederick MacKinnon - 2004 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (1):152-157.
    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM (American Psychiatric Association 1994), is something we can't live with and can't live without. We can't live with it because of diagnoses that shouldn't be or aren't there, or because of criteria that seem too subjective, behavioral, broad, or exclusive. It is chock full of unwieldy webs of diagnostic specifiers for disorders without a known biological basis. (For non-psychiatrist readers: unlike most medical diagnoses, which point ultimately to biological mechanisms or (...)
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  14. added 2019-11-05
    Responsibility Without Blame: Empathy and the Effective Treatment of Personality Disorder.Hanna Pickard - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (3):209-224.
  15. added 2019-06-06
    Culture, Drugs, and Society: A Social Science Approach to Drug Use:Culture, Drugs, and Society: A Social Science Approach to Drug Use.Michael Winkelman - 1997 - Anthropology of Consciousness 8 (4):160-161.
  16. added 2019-03-28
    Integrated Recovery Therapy: Towards an Integrally Informed Psychotherapy for Addicted Populations.Guy Pierre Du Plessis - 2012 - Journal of Integral Theory and Practice 7 (1):124-148.
    Abstract This article proposes and outlines an integrally informed 12 Step-based therapy that is adapted for treating addicted populations. Integrated Recovery Therapy (IRT) as a therapeutic orientation is an Integral Methodological Pluralism to therapy for treating addiction. Its two main features are paradigmatic and meta-paradigmatic. The paradigmatic aspect refers to the recognition, compilation and implementation of various methodologies in a comprehensive and inclusive manner. The meta-paradigmatic aspect refers to IRT’s capacity to weave together, relate and integrate the various paradigmatic practices. (...)
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  17. added 2019-03-26
    The Integrated Recovery Model for Addiction Treatment and Recovery.Guy Du Plessis - 2010 - Journal of Integral Theory and Practice 5 (3):68-87.
    This article outlines an integrally informed model for addictionon treatment and recover that is being pioneered and developed at Tabankulu Secondary Addiction Recovery Center in Cape Town, South Africa. Tabankulu is the world’s first inpatient Addictionon treatment center to implement an integrally informed treatment model. The Integrated Recovery model is a comprehensive, balanced, multi-phased, and multi-disciplinary approach to the treatment of and recovery from addiction. Its philosophy is derived from integrang a 12 Step abstinence-based methodology, mindfulness-based interventions, positive psychology, and (...)
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  18. added 2019-03-25
    An Integral Ontology of Addiction: A Multiple Object Existing as a Continuum of Ontological Complexity. Journal of Integral Theory and Practice, 9(1), 38–54.Guy du Plessis - 2014 - Journal of Integral Theory and Practice 9 (1):38-54.
    ABSTRACT In previous work I explored how Integral Theory can be applied as a metatheoretical and transdisciplinary framework, in an attempt to arrive at an integrally informed metatheory of addiction. There was an overemphasis on Integral Methodological Pluralism in that thread of research, without clarifying the ontological pluralism of addiction as a multiple object enacted by various methodologies. To arrive at a comprehensive integral metatheory and integral ontology of addiction, I believe it is necessary to include the conception of Integral (...)
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  19. added 2018-12-13
    The Choreography of the Soul: A Psychedelic Philosophy of Consciousness.Ed D'Angelo - manuscript
    This is a 2020 revision of my 1988 dissertation "The Choreography of the Soul" with a new Foreword, a new Conclusion, a substantially revised Preface and Introduction, and many improvements to the body of the work. However, the thesis remains the same. A theory of consciousness and trance states--including psychedelic experience--is developed. Consciousness can be analyzed into two distinct but generally interrelated systems, which I call System X and System Y. System X is the emotional-visceral-kinaesthetic body. System X is a (...)
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  20. added 2018-07-04
    A Companion to Velmans, M. (Ed.) (2018) Consciousness (Critical Concepts in Psychology) Volume 4: New Directions: Psychogenesis, Transformations of Consciousness, and Non-Reductive Integrative Theories, Major Works Series, London: Routledge, Pp. 572.Max Velmans - manuscript
    This is the fourth of four online Companions to Velmans, M. (ed.) (2018) Consciousness (Critical Concepts in Psychology), a 4-volume collection of Major Works on Consciousness commissioned by Routledge, London. -/- The Companion (and Volume) begins with a review of mental influences on states of the body and brain (psychogenesis), which are often thought of as theoretically problematic for conventional materialist theories of mind. The evidence is nevertheless extensive, for example in psychosomatic illnesses and studies of the physiological consequences of (...)
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  21. added 2018-06-02
    Noumenautics: Metaphysics – Meta-Ethics – Psychedelics.Peter Sjöstedt-H. - 2015 - Falmouth, UK: Psychedelic Press.
    Philosopher Peter Sjöstedt-H’s Noumenautics traverses the mindscape of metaphysics, nihilism and psychedelic phenomenology. It navigates through subjects such as the sentience of cells, the constrictions of consciousness, the metaphysics of might, the magic of mushrooms, the narcotics of Nietzsche, and the neologism of neo-nihilism – the last of which may itself cause flashbacks. -/- Tracing the fall of western morality through Kant, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche, the book descends deeper still into a metaphysics further upheld by Henri Bergson and Alfred North (...)
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  22. added 2017-02-15
    Here and Now: Discovering the Sacred with Entheogens.William A. Richards - 2014 - Zygon 49 (3):652-665.
    Renewed research with entheogens (psychedelic substances) has been able to facilitate the occurrence of mystical forms of consciousness in healthy volunteers with a high degree of reliability. This article explores the potential significance of this development for religious scholars, especially those interested in the study of mysticism. The definition of “mystical consciousness” employed in this research is presented and differentiated from visionary/archetypal and other types of alternative mental states. The ways in which entheogens may be employed with skill and maximum (...)
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  23. added 2017-02-15
    The Adventure of Self Discovery. [REVIEW]Anton Koote - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (1):111-114.
    Stanislav Grof has devoted his life to the study of the "remarkable healing and transformative potential of nonordinary states of consciousness" . His early career focused on the effets of psychedelic substances - initally in Prague, Czechoslovakia, and then at the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. He became convinced that "psychedelics - if used properly and judiciously under expert guidance - represent extradinary tools for psychiatry and psychology" . As we all know, the social and judicial climate has inhibited the full (...)
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  24. added 2017-02-13
    Ayahuasca Visualizations a Structural Typology.Benny Shanon - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (2):3-30.
    This paper is part of an ongoing project devoted to the investigation of the psychotropic brew Ayahuasca from a cognitive-psychological perspective. This perspective contrasts with those of practically all investigations of Ayahuasca which pertain either to the natural sciences-notably botany, pharmacology, brain science and clinical medicine-or to anthropology. Here, I discuss the visualizations induced by Ayahuasca from a structural, as opposed to contentual, point of view. A typology of the structural forms in which visualizations may appear is drawn. Also examined (...)
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  25. added 2017-02-12
    'Ayahuasca-From Dangerous Drug to National Heritage: An Interview with Antonio A. Arantes.Beatriz Caiuby Labate & Ilana Goldstein - 2009 - International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 28 (1):53-64.
    This interview with Antonio A. Arantes, Brazilian anthropology professor and recognized specialist on the topics of intellectual property and traditional knowledge, addresses the 2008 request by Brazilian ayahuasca groups to be recognized as part of the immaterial cultural heritage of Brazil. In the first portion of the interview, Arantes reflects on the challenges of the new conceptions of the Brazilian national immaterial policy program. He discusses several examples of cultural goods recognized by the Brazilian state, such as the candomblé and (...)
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  26. added 2017-02-10
    On Not Passing the Acid Test: Bad Trips and Initiation.Maura Lucas - 2005 - Anthropology of Consciousness 16 (1):25-45.
  27. added 2017-02-09
    Working with “La Medicina”: Elements of Healing in Contemporary Ayahuasca Rituals.Evgenia Fotiou - 2012 - Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):6-27.
  28. added 2017-02-09
    Special Ayahuasca Issue Introduction: Toward a Multidisciplinary Approach to Ayahuasca Studies.Stephan V. Beyer - 2012 - Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):1-5.
  29. added 2017-02-09
    Ayahuasca Religions in Acre: Cultural Heritage in the Brazilian Borderlands.Beatriz Caiuby Labate - 2012 - Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):87-102.
    The Brazilian ayahuasca religions, Santo Daime, Barquinha, and União do Vegetal, have increasingly sought formal recognition by government agencies in Brazil and other countries to guarantee their legal use of ayahuasca, which contains DMT, a substance that is listed. This article focuses on new alliances and rifts that have emerged between and among different ayahuasca groups as they have sought and in some cases achieved formal recognition and legitimacy at the state and national levels in Brazil and abroad. It presents (...)
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  30. added 2017-02-09
    Personal Report: Significance of Community in an Ayahuasca Jungle Dieta.Bethe Hagens & Steven Lansky - 2012 - Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):103-109.
    What is the potential significance of community in a prolonged dieta (10-day restricted diet with regular ritual consumption of ayahuasca and other medicinal plants) in a remote jungle location in the Amazon basin of Peru? Pre-dieta experiences including how participants join the community, cleansing routines prior to departure to Peru, sharing with the shaman one's personal intentions and health history, and prior experience with medicinal and entheogenic plants are introduced. Dieta rituals such as tambo housing, meals, hygiene and maintenance, music, (...)
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  31. added 2017-02-09
    Healing with Plant Intelligence: A Report From Ayahuasca.Richard Doyle - 2012 - Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):28-43.
    Numerous and diverse reports indicate the efficacy of shamanic plant adjuncts (e.g., iboga, ayahuasca, psilocybin) for the care and treatment of addiction, post-traumatic stress disorder, cancer, cluster headaches, and depression. This article reports on a first-person healing of lifelong asthma and atopic dermatitis in the shamanic context of the contemporary Peruvian Amazon and the sometimes digital ontology of online communities. The article suggests that emerging language, concepts, and data drawn from the sciences of plant signaling and behavior regarding “plant intelligence” (...)
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  32. added 2017-02-06
    Sacred Plants and Visionary Consciousness.José Luis Díaz - 2010 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):159-170.
    Botanical preparations used by shamans in rituals for divination, prophecy, and ecstasy contain widely different psychoactive compounds, which are incorrectly classified under a single denomination such as “hallucinogens,” “psychedelics,” or “entheogens.” Based on extensive ethnopharmacological search, I proposed a psychopharmacological classification of magic plants in 1979. This paper re-evaluates this taxonomy in the context of consciousness research. Several groups of psychodysleptic magic plants are proposed: (1) hallucinogens—psilocybin mushrooms, mescaline cacti, dimethyltryptamine snuffs, and the synthetic ergoline lysergic acid diethylamide induce strong (...)
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  33. added 2017-02-06
    A Hallucinogenic Tea, Laced with Controversy: Ayahuasca in the Amazon and the United States. By Marlene Dobkin de Rios and Roger Rumrrill.John R. Baker - 2010 - Anthropology of Consciousness 21 (1):109-111.
  34. added 2017-02-06
    The Epistemics of Ayahuasca Visions.Benny Shanon - 2010 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):263-280.
    In this paper, I discuss substance-induced visions and consider their epistemic status, meaning, and modes of proper interpretation. I focus on the visions induced by ayahuasca, a powerful psychoactive plant-made brew that has had a central status and role in the indigenous tribal cultures of the upper Amazonian region. The brew is especially famous for the visions seen with it. These are often coupled with personal psychological insights, mentations concerning topics of special significance to one, intellectual (notably, philosophical and metaphysical) (...)
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  35. added 2017-02-06
    Conference Review: Notes on the "International Congress of Traditional Medicine, Interculturality, and Mental Health," Takiwasi Center, Tarapoto, Peru, June 7–10, 20091. [REVIEW]Beatriz Caiuby Labate - 2010 - Anthropology of Consciousness 21 (1):30-46.
    English translation by Glenn H. Shepard Jr. Revision by Matthew MeyerThis article reports on the recent “International Congress of Traditional Medicine, Interculturality, and Mental Health” held by the Takiwasi Center in Tarapoto in the Peruvian Amazon. The event united 218 researchers and indigenous and religious representatives from 22 countries to present results of scientific discussions and engage in political and ethical debates surrounding the increasingly globalized, transnational, and biomedicalized reach of indigenous medical practices, especially ayahuasca-based therapy and religious practice. The (...)
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  36. added 2017-02-02
    Ayahuasca and Spiritual Crisis: Liminality as Space for Personal Growth.Sara E. Lewis - 2008 - Anthropology of Consciousness 19 (2):109-133.
    There is an increased controversy surrounding Westerners' use of ayahuasca. One issue of importance is psychological resiliency of users and lack of screening by ayahuasca tourism groups in the Amazon. Given the powerful effects of ayahuasca coupled with lack of cultural support, Western users are at increased risk for psychological distress. Many Westerners who experience psychological distress following ayahuasca ceremonies report concurrently profound spiritual experiences. Because of this, it may be helpful to consider these episodes "spiritual emergencies," or crises resulting (...)
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  37. added 2017-01-31
    Ayahuasca Treatment Center Safety for the Western Seeker.Raven Renèe Ray & Kerry S. Lassiter - 2016 - Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (2):121-150.
    Ayahuasca, an ancient Amazonian psychedelic tea traditionally used ceremonially among indigenous peoples, has recently become known as a possible treatment for a wide range of disorders. The awareness of this sacred medicine has grown exponentially over the past decade, attracting westerners from a wide variety of backgrounds, hoping to find treatment for a myriad of emotional and physical illnesses, as well as spiritual needs. In the wake of the commercialization and westernization of the use of ayahuasca, and the subsequent proliferation (...)
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  38. added 2017-01-31
    Transcultual Perspective on Consciousness: Traditional Use of Ayahuasca in Psychiatry in the 21st Century in the Western World.Tania Re & Palma - 2016 - Cosmos and History 12 (2):237-249.
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  39. added 2017-01-30
    Mad Thoughts on Mushrooms: Discourse and Power in the Study of Psychedelic Consciousness.Andy Letcher - 2007 - Anthropology of Consciousness 18 (2):74-98.
  40. added 2017-01-22
    Ayahuasca as Antidepressant? Psychedelics and Styles of Reasoning in Psychiatry.Brian T. Anderson - 2012 - Anthropology of Consciousness 23 (1):44-59.
    There is a growing interest among scientists and the lay public alike in using the South American psychedelic brew, ayahuasca, to treat psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety. Such a practice is controversial due to a style of reasoning within conventional psychiatry that sees psychedelic-induced modified states of consciousness as pathological. This article analyzes the academic literature on ayahuasca's psychological effects to determine how this style of reasoning is shaping formal scientific discourse on ayahuasca's therapeutic potential as a treatment for (...)
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  41. added 2017-01-14
    The Philosophy of Psychedelic Transformation.Chris Letheby - 2015 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 22 (9-10):170-193.
    Recent scientific research into the therapeutic potential and mechanisms of psychedelic drugs raises intriguing and hitherto largely unexplored philosophical questions. A brief overview of the relevant science is given before addressing these questions. It is argued that psychedelic transformation is a distinctive psycho- pharmacological intervention because its mechanism of action ineliminably involves conscious mental representations, and thus is more transparent to the subject than the mechanisms of other drug therapies. This argument connects with issues in the philosophy of (cognitive) scientific (...)
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  42. added 2017-01-14
    Poetry and Creativeness: With Notes on the Role of Psychedelic Agents.Erwin Di Cyan - 1971 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 14 (4):639-650.
  43. added 2016-12-25
    The Epistemic Innocence of Psychedelic States.Chris Letheby - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 39:28-37.
    One recent development in epistemology, the philosophical study of knowledge, is the notion of ‘epistemic innocence’ introduced by Bortolotti and colleagues. This concept expresses the idea that certain suboptimal cognitive processes may nonetheless have epistemic (knowledge-related) benefits. The idea that delusion or confabulation may have psychological benefits is familiar enough. What is novel and interesting is the idea that such conditions may also yield significant and otherwise unavailable epistemic benefits. I apply the notion of epistemic innocence to research on the (...)
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  44. added 2016-12-15
    Review of Listening Into the Heart of Things-on MDMA and LSD by Samuel Widmer (1989).Michael Starks - 2016 - In Suicidal Utopian Delusions in the 21st Century: Philosophy, Human Nature and the Collapse of Civilization-- Articles and Reviews 2006-2017 2nd Edition Feb 2018. Henderson,NV, USA: Michael Starks. pp. 573-575.
    This is an early volume from a much respected psychedelic psychotherapist. He has written several other books since this one but until recently none of his books were on Amazon and still you can only find a German edition and a Spanish one (from 1993) but no English one (except a couple used copies). This is sad since these drugs have enormous therapeutic potential but afaik government suppression still prevents their use. The most interesting and readable parts are the case (...)
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  45. added 2016-12-15
    A Very Brief Review of the Life and Work of Neuroscientist, Physician, Psychoanalyst, Inventor, Animal Rights Activist and Pioneer in Dolphins, Isolation Tanks and Psychedelics John C Lilly 1915-2001.Starks Michael - 2016 - In Michael Starks (ed.), Suicidal Utopian Delusions in the 21st Century: Philosophy, Human Nature and the Collapse of Civilization-- Articles and Reviews 2006-2017 2nd Edition Feb 2018. Michael Starks. pp. 577-580.
    Lilly was one of the greatest scientists and pioneers on the limits of human possibility but after his death a collective amnesia has descended and he is now almost forgotten. His Wiki is good but inevitably incomplete so here are a few missing details and viewpoints. Lilly was a generation (or more) ahead of his time. He is almost single-handedly responsible for the great interest in dolphins (which led to the Marine Mammal Protection Act in the USA and helped to (...)
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  46. added 2016-03-23
    A Pressure-Reversible Cellular Mechanism of General Anesthetics Capable of Altering a Possible Mechanism of Consciousness.Kunjumon Vadakkan - 2015 - Springerplus 4:1-17.
    Different anesthetics are known to modulate different types of membrane-bound receptors. Their common mechanism of action is expected to alter the mechanism for consciousness. Consciousness is hypothesized as the integral of all the units of internal sensations induced by reactivation of inter-postsynaptic membrane functional LINKs during mechanisms that lead to oscillating potentials. The thermodynamics of the spontaneous lateral curvature of lipid membranes induced by lipophilic anesthetics can lead to the formation of non-specific inter-postsynaptic membrane functional LINKs by different mechanisms. These (...)
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  47. added 2015-11-29
    Spiritual Biologicals. [REVIEW]Meg Stalcup - 2013 - Biosocieties 8 (2):234–238.
  48. added 2015-09-20
    lfqjksfjlkqf qfnlqflfs.Qfqss Hakmo (ed.) - 24 January 2016 - dvdv.
    https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLSD64sRy_MRN4G9mnfWKshXdgHD02n9Ag.
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  49. added 2014-03-14
    Altered States and the Study of Consciousness: The Case of Ayahuasca.Benny Shanon - 2003 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 24 (2):125-154.
    This paper is part of a comprehensive research project whose aim is to study the phenomenology of the special state of mind induced by the psychoactive Amazonian potion ayahuasca. Here, I focus on those aspects of the ayahuasca experience that are related to basic features of the human consciousness. The effects of the potion are discussed in terms of a conceptual framework characterizing consciousness as a cognitive system defined by a set of parameters and the values that they take. In (...)
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  50. added 2013-09-07
    Amnesia, Anesthesia, and Warranted Fear.Vanessa Carbonell - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (5):245-254.
    Is a painful experience less bad for you if you will not remember it? Do you have less reason to fear it? These questions bear on how we think about medical procedures and surgeries that use an anesthesia regimen that leaves patients conscious – and potentially in pain – but results in complete ‘drug-induced amnesia’ after the fact. I argue that drug-induced amnesia does not render a painful medical procedure a less fitting object of fear, and thus the prospect of (...)
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