Dualism

Edited by Andreas Elpidorou (University of Louisville)
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  1. Il problema della coscienza.Rodolfo Giorgi - 2014 - Bérénice 46:43-64.
    In the twentieth century there was a fundamental debate on the problem of consciousness within a philosophical perspective. In fact, one of the most difficult tasks for a philosopher of mind is to comprehend the role of phenomenal properties. Some philosophers want to convince us that phenomenal properties are completely reducible to physical properties, whereas others admit that our consciousness possesses non physical qualities. My aim in this paper is to provide a dualist perspective in order to solve the problem (...)
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  2. Edward Jonathan Lowe.James Miller - 2018 - The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Edward Jonathan Lowe (usually cited as E. J. Lowe) was one of the most significant philosophers of the twentieth and early twenty-first century. He made sustained and significant contributions to debates in metaphysics, ontology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, philosophical logic, and philosophy of religion, as well as contributing important scholarly work in early modern philosophy (most notably on Locke). -/- Over the length of his career, Lowe published eleven single-authored books, four co-edited collections, and well over 300 papers (...)
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  3. Hope for Christian Materialism? Problems of Too Many Thinkers.Jonathan J. Loose - 2018 - In R. Keith Loftin & Joshua R. Farris (eds.), Christian Physicalism: Philosophical Theological Criticisms. London, UK: pp. 351-370.
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  4. Descartes’s Conception of Mind Through the Prism of Imagination: Cartesian Substance Dualism Questioned.Lynda Gaudemard - 2018 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie:146-171.
    The aim of this article is to clarify an aspect of Descartes’s conception of mind that seriously impacts on the standard objections against Cartesian dualism. By a close reading of Descartes’s writings on imagination, I argue that the capacity to imagine does not inhere as a mode in the mind itself, but only in the embodied mind, that is, a mind that is not united to the body does not possess the faculty to imagine. As a mode considered as a (...)
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  5. The Blackwell Companion to Substance Dualism.Jonathan J. Loose, Angus John Louis Menuge & J. P. Moreland - 2018 - Oxford, U.K.: Wiley-Blackwell.
  6. Les « marques d'envie » : métaphysique et embryologie chez Descartes.Lynda Gaudemard - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (3):309-338.
    This paper explores the interaction between medicine and metaphysics in modern natural philosophy and especially in Descartes ' philosophy. I argue that Descartes ' hypothetical account of birthmarks in connection with his embryology provides an argumentative proof of the metaphysical necessity of a substantial union between mind and body, which however does not threaten his doctrine of the real distinction between these two substances. It would appear that his argument relies on a temporal conception of alethic modalities and provides a (...)
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  7. Knowledge, Thought, and the Case for Dualism. [REVIEW]Helen Yetter-Chappell - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):435-438.
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  8. Dualists Needn't Be Anti-Criterialists (nor Should They Be).Duncan Matt - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (4):945-963.
    Sometimes in philosophy one view engenders another. If you hold the first, chances are you hold the second. But it’s not always because the first entails the second. Sometimes the tie is less clear, less clean. One such tie is between substance dualism and anti-criterialism. Substance dualism is the view that people are, at least in part, immaterial mental substances. Anti-criterialism is the view that there is no criterion of personal identity through time. Most philosophers who hold the first view (...)
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  9. Erratum To: Dualists Needn’T Be Anti-Criterialists.Matt Duncan - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (4):965-965.
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  10. Husserls Dualismus.Uwe Meixner - 2007 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 10.
    The paper expounds the sense in which Husserl was not a psychophysical dualist – but also the sense in which he was a psychophysical dualist after all. On the one hand, it takes into account Husserl’s critical statements regarding “dualism,” on the other hand it closely considers Husserl’s understanding of the intentionality of phenomenal experiences. It is shown that Husserl’s writings contain several argumentations that can be interpreted as arguments for psychophysical dualism. It is argued that Husserl’s dualism – the (...)
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  11. Varieties of Dualism: Swinburne and Aquinas.Jason T. Eberl - 2010 - International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (1):39-56.
    Thomas Aquinas argues that matter is informed by a rational soul to compose a human person. But a person may survive her body’s death since a rational soul is able to exist and function without matter. This leads to the typical characterization of Aquinas as a dualist. Thomistic dualism, however, is distinct from both Platonic dualism and various accounts of substance dualism offered by philosophers such as Richard Swinburne. For both Plato and Swinburne, a person is identical to an immaterial (...)
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  12. Les origines du dualisme mazdéen.Jean Kellens - 2015 - Chôra 13:21-29.
    The discussions about the origin of mazdean dualism are concentrated upon the interpretation of the Gathic stanza Y30.3 which opposes two mental powers called mainiiu and usually translated by «spirit». The divergence of the understandings led to a controversy on the nature of this dualistic opposition : is it philosophical, cosmic or religious? Do these various distinctions remain relevant now we know that this stanza is not a piece of a sermon, but of a liturgical recitative?
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  13. 4. Another Version of Methodological Dualism.Kuno Lorenz - 2010 - In Logic, Language and Method – on Polarities in Human Experience: Philosophical Papers. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 148-161.
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  14. How to Befriend Zombies: A Guide for Physicalists.Bradford Saad - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (9):2353-2375.
    Though not myself a physicalist, I develop a new argument against antiphysicalist positions that are motivated by zombie arguments. I first identify four general features of phenomenal states that are candidates for non-physical types; these are used to generate different types of zombie. I distinguish two antiphysicalist positions: strict dualism, which posits exactly one general non-physical type, and pluralism, which posits more than one such type. It turns out that zombie arguments threaten strict dualism and some pluralist positions as much (...)
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  15. The Logic of Interactive Dualism.Lorenzo Sleakes - manuscript
    The assumption that known physical laws are sufficient for explaining mental phenomena is flawed from the outset. Qualities such as phenomenal redness do not exist within the known physical laws so by definition they are incomplete. Now assuming a new law was added that could explain how some physical property or vibration causes or is associated with phenomenal redness it would not be enough because it still wouldn’t explain how different qualities are bound together into a subjective unity. Assuming more (...)
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  16. Consciousness and the Mind of God.Charles Taliaferro - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work addresses the challenge of contemporary materialism for thinking about God. The book examines contemporary theories of consciousness and defends a non-materialist theory of persons, subjectivity and God. A version of dualism is articulated that seeks to avoid the fragmented outlook of most dualist theories. Dualism is often considered to be inadequate both philosophically and ethically, and is seen as a chief cause of denigrating the body and of promoting individualism and scepticism. Charles Taliaferro defends a holistic understanding of (...)
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  17. Dualists Needn’T Be Anti-Criterialists.By Matt Duncan - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-19.
    Sometimes in philosophy one view engenders another. If you hold the first, chances are you hold the second. But it’s not always because the first entails the second. Sometimes the tie is less clear, less clean. One such tie is between substance dualism and anti-criterialism. Substance dualism is the view that people are, at least in part, immaterial mental substances. Anti-criterialism is the view that there is no criterion of personal identity through time. Most philosophers who hold the first view (...)
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  18. Dualism And The Experimentum Crucis.Lorne Falkenstein - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (1):212-217.
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  19. On Dualism.H. O. Mounce - 2010 - New Blackfriars 91 (1034):401-407.
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  20. I—Dean Zimmerman: From Property Dualism to Substance Dualism.Dean Zimmerman - 2010 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):119-150.
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  21. III—Dualism and Categories.L. R. Reinhardt - 1966 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 66 (1):71-92.
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  22. A Plea for Soul-Substance.W. P. Montague - 1899 - Psychological Review 6 (5):457-476.
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  23. From the Knowledge Argument to Mental Substance: Resurrecting the Mind.Howard Robinson - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a strong case for substance dualism and offers a comprehensive defense of the knowledge argument, showing that materialism cannot accommodate or explain the 'hard problem' of consciousness. Bringing together the discussion of reductionism and semantic vagueness in an original and illuminating way, Howard Robinson argues that non-fundamental levels of ontology are best treated by a conceptualist account, rather than a realist one. In addition to discussing the standard versions of physicalism, he examines physicalist theories such as those (...)
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  24. Libertarische Freiheit für natürliche Wesen. Zu Ansgar Beckermanns Freiheitsauffassung.Geert Keil - 2011 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 36 (2):154-176.
    Der Beitrag ist ein Kommentar zu Ansgar Beckermanns kompatibilistischer Freiheitsauffassung. Nach Beckermann können libertarische Auffassungen die Willensfreiheit nicht verständlich machen. Durch ihre Ablehnung des Determinismus sähen sie sich zwei unattraktiven Optionen gegenüber: die Freiheit auf Akteurskausalität zu gründen oder auf den Zufall. Ich stimme Beckermann darin zu, dass Akteurskausalität schwer verständlich und das Zufallsproblem eine große Herausforderung für den Libertarismus ist. Ob der Kompatibilismus in einer besseren Lage ist, ist aber fraglich. Es gibt zwei Arten von Kompatibilisten: solche, die den (...)
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  25. Mythen über die libertarische Freiheitsauffassung.Geert Keil - 2007 - In Jan-Christoph Heilinger (ed.), Naturgeschichte der Freiheit. de Gruyter. pp. 281-305.
    Der Kern der libertarischen Freiheitsauffassung ist das So-oder-Anderskönnen unter gegebenen Bedingungen, also die Annahme von Zwei-Wege-Vermögen. Dieses definierende Merkmal wird in der jüngeren Freiheitsdebatte mit einer Reihe von Zusatzbehauptungen verknüpft, die dem Libertarier unterschoben werden, um die Unhaltbarkeit seiner Position zu erweisen. Ich unterscheide vier dieser Mythen: Dem Mythos des Dualismus zufolge leugnen Libertarier, dass Personen und ihre Entscheidungen Teil der natürlichen Welt sind. Dem Mythos der Unbedingtheit zufolge nehmen sie an, dass ein freier Wille ein durch nichts bedingter Wille (...)
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  26. Non-Representationalist Theories of Knowledge and Quantum Mechanics.Michel Bitbol - 2001 - SATS 2 (1):37-61.
    Quantum Mechanics has imposed strain on traditional (dualist and representationalist) epistemological conceptions. An alternative was offered by Bohr and Heisenberg, according to whom natural science does not describe nature, but rather the interplay between nature and ourselves. But this was only a suggestion. In this paper, a systematic development of the Bohr-Heisenberg conception is outlined, by way of a comparison with the modern self-organizational theories of cognition. It is shown that a perfectly consistent non-representationalist (and/or relational) reading of quantum mechanics (...)
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  27. Liberaler Naturalismus und die Wirklichkeit des phänomenalen Erlebens.Godehard Brüntrup - 2004 - In Bernd Goebel, Anna Hauk & Gerhard Kruip (eds.), Probleme des Naturalismus: Philosophische Beiträge. mentis. pp. 183-210.
    Article on liberal naturalism (a version of property dualism) and the reality and causal efficacy of phenomenal experience.
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  28. H. D. HECKMANN: Mentales Leben und materielle Welt. Eine philosophische Studie zum Leib-Seele-Problem. [REVIEW]Godehard Brüntrup - 1998 - Theologie Und Philosophie 73:464-466.
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  29. Self, Reason, and Freedom: A New Light on Descartes' Metaphysics.Andrea Christofidou - 2012 - Routledge.
    Freedom and its internal relation to reason is fundamental to Descartes’ philosophy in general, and to his _Meditations on First Philosophy_ in particular. Without freedom his entire enquiry would not get off the ground, and without understanding the rôle of freedom in his work, we could not understand what motivates key parts of his metaphysics. Yet, not only is freedom a relatively overlooked element, but its internal relation to reason has gone unnoticed by most studies of his philosophy. Self, Reason, (...)
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  30. The Emergent Dualism View of Quantum Physics and Consciousness.Christopher Tyler - 2015 - Cosmos and History 11 (2):97-114.
    This paper introduces the ontology of Emergent Dualism, which takes the position that the elementary stuff of everything in the universe is energy, that this energy can become structured into a series of levels of emergent organization whose operating principles are not derivable from the previous levels, that one of these levels is the concatenations of neural processes called brains, that brains have some particular emergent process that gives rise to subjective experience from the internal viewpoint of that process, and (...)
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  31. Knowledge, Thought, and the Case for Dualism. [REVIEW]Jim Slagle - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (5):776-779.
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  32. The Compatibility of Property Dualism and Substance Materialism.Eric Yang - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (12):3211-3219.
    Several philosophers have argued that property dualism and substance materialism are incompatible positions. Recently, Susan Schneider has provided a novel version of such an argument, claiming that the incompatibility will be evident once we examine some underlying metaphysical issues. She purports to show that on any account of substance and property-possession, substance materialism and property dualism turn out incompatible. In this paper, I argue that Schneider’s case for incompatibility between these two positions fails. After briefly laying out her case for (...)
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  33. Excluded Knowledge.Christian Ryan Lee - 2016 - Synthese 193 (8):1-26.
    Does vagueness exclude knowledge? After arguing for an affirmative answer to this question, I consider a fascinating objection. Barnett offers purported counterexamples to the following: Vagueness as to whether p entails that nobody knows whether p. These putative counterexamples, were they successful, would establish that standard accounts of vagueness are mistaken. I defend three central theses: First, whenever it is vague whether p competent speakers would be ambivalent about whether p when considering whether p, and such ambivalence would exclude knowledge (...)
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  34. Metaphysics of The Holy Trinity.Contzen Pereira - 2015 - Journal of Metaphysics and Connected Consciousness 1:66 - 68.
    Consciousness cannot exist without matter, but for consciousness to flow there needs to be a system in place; organized matter, an assembly of structures which supports the flow of consciousness; governed by a feedback mechanism; but the experience still remains as the hard problem of consciousness. My hypothesis: Access consciousness is present in every cell and grows laterally supporting multicellularity, i.e. access consciousness or sentience is the guiding factor for cell division and growth. Phenomenal consciousness on the other hand triggers (...)
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  35. Making an Anthropological Case: Cognitive Dualism and the Acousmatic.Férdia J. Stone-Davis - 2015 - Philosophy 90 (2):263-276.
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  36. Emergent Dualism: Why and How?Antonella Corradini - unknown
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  37. Substance Dualism and Theological Anthropology.Joshua R. Farris - 2015 - Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):107-126.
    Currently, there remains an aversion for substance dualism in both philosophical and theological literature. However, there has been a renewed interest in substance dualism within philosophical literature. In the present article, I advance substance dualism as a viable position that persuasively accounts for the Scriptural and theological data within Christian thought. I make a specific argument in favor of a metaphysically simple substance. Along the way, I note the overlap between the philosophical and theological literature and suggest that a simple (...)
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  38. Contemporary Dualism: A Defense.Andrea Lavazza & Howard Robinson (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    Ontological materialism, in its various forms, has become the orthodox view in contemporary philosophy of mind. This book provides a variety of defenses of mind-body dualism, and shows that a thoroughgoing ontological materialism cannot be sustained. The contributions are intended to show that, at the very least, ontological dualism constitutes a philosophically respectable alternative to the monistic views that currently dominate thought about the mind-body relation.
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  39. Psycho-Physical Dualism Today: An Interdisciplinary Approach.Alessandro Antonietti, Antonella Corradini & Jonathan E. Lowe (eds.) - 2008 - Lexington Books.
    Philosophers and scientists have recently been showing renewed interest in dualistic conceptions of the human mind, owing to growing acknowledgment of the failings of materialism and reductionism in contemporary philosophical and scientific thought. This book presents a state-of-the-art overview of current developments in this exciting new area of interdisciplinary collaboration, and will be indispensable reading for all researchers and students in this field.
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  40. Spirits Before Our Eyes.William Henry Harrison - 1879 - W. H. Harrison.
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  41. Dualism a Feminist Perspective.Michael K. Lacewing - 1995
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  42. The Problem of Dualism in John Dewey.Dorothy Ann Dunn - 1966 - Dissertation, Saint Louis University
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  43. DAMS' Man and Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Gotshalk Gotshalk - 1949 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 10:133.
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  44. The Epistemological Value of the Cartesian Dualism.Gysbert Olivier - 1979 - Dissertation, University of Pretoria (South Africa)
    Lastly, special attention is given to what is termed "the idea of the objective" . The relationship between this idea and elements of Descartes's dualism is utilized in order to offer a tentative solution to the riddle of the divergent, logically irreconcilable results of the various special sciences. This finally leads to the postulate that reality harbours in itself an ontological and metaphysical multivalency, which cannot, however, be grasped by man by virtue of his limited rationality, as manifested in the (...)
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  45. A Study in Cartesian Dualism.Dennis Michael Senchuk - 1973 - Dissertation, University of Minnesota
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  46. Dualism Vs. Behaviourism: A False Dichotomy in the Philosophy of Mind.William Smith Boardman - 1967 - Dissertation, University of Minnesota
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  47. Cartesian Dualism: A Limited Vision? Some Objections and Replies.Zuraya Monroy-Nasr - 2001 - Diálogos. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Puerto Rico 36 (78):19-40.
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  48. The Possibility of Mind/Body Dualism.Mary Diane Morton - 1993 - Dissertation, Vanderbilt University
    The primary purpose of this paper is to show that the future of mind/body dualism lies not in its Cartesian form, but instead in a richer formulation of a form/matter dualism. The changes in our idea of a human being since Aristotle can be traced through Aquinas, Descartes and Spinoza as a movement from an emphasis on humans as rational animals to humans as rational beings. This is a fundamental change that affects the way in which nature as a whole (...)
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  49. Explaining Why This Body Gives Rise to Me Qua Subject Instead of Someone Else: An Argument for Classical Substance Dualism: Kenneth Einar Himma.Kenneth Einar Himma - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (4):431-448.
    Since something cannot be conscious without being a conscious subject, a complete physicalist explanation of consciousness must resolve an issue first raised by Thomas Nagel, namely to explain why a particular mass of atoms that comprises my body gives rise to me as conscious subject, rather than someone else. In this essay, I describe a thought-experiment that suggests that physicalism lacks the resources to address Nagel's question and seems to pose a counter-example to any form of non-reductive physicalism relying on (...)
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  50. The Human as Mind-Body Union: An Account and Defense of Descartes's Interactionist Dualism.Keith David Yandell - 1997 - Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
    Many hold that Descartes's dualism is subject to unanswerable objections regarding interaction and the illegitimacy of appeal to the nonphysical. These objections are usually merely sketched or referred to in order to exclude dualism. To better examine the merits of Descartes's view, it is useful to turn to the fuller original expressions of these objections offered by the best of Descartes's earliest critics. ;In Part One, I develop an account of Descartes's dualism. Mind-body union is the essence of being human (...)
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