This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

209 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 209
  1. Joan Mciver Gibson.Conversation Across Cultures - 2000 - In Raphael Cohen-Almagor (ed.), Medical Ethics at the Dawn of the 21st Century. New York Academy of Sciences. pp. 218.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Affordances and the Nature of Perceptual Content.Jan Almäng - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (2):161-177.
    According to John McDowell, representational perceptual content is conceptual through and through. This paper criticizes this view by claiming that there is a certain kind of representational and non-conceptual perceptual content that is sensitive to bodily skills. After a brief introduction to McDowell's position, Merleau-Ponty's notion of body schema and Gibson's notion of affordance are presented. It is argued that affordances are constitutive of representational perceptual content, and that at least some affordances, the so-called 'conditional affordances', are essentially related to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. The Concept of a Structural Affordance.Adrian Alsmith - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (2):94-107.
    I provide an analysis of the concept of an “affordance” that enables one to conceive of “structural affordance” as a kind of affordance relation that might hold between an agent and its body. I then review research in the science of humanoid bodily movement to indicate the empirical reality of structural affordance.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Affordances and Intentionality: Reply to Roberts.Michael L. Anderson & Anthony Chemero - 2009 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 30 (4):301.
    In this essay we respond to some criticisms of the guidance theory of representation offered by Tom Roberts. We argue that although Roberts’ criticisms miss their mark, he raises the important issue of the relationship between affordances and the action-oriented representations proposed by the guidance theory. Affordances play a prominent role in the anti-representationalist accounts offered by theorists of embodied cognition and ecological psychology, and the guidance theory is motivated in part by a desire to respond to the critiques of (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Affordances as Abductive Anchors.Emanuele Bardone - 2010 - In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. pp. 135--157.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. On Possibilities for Action: The Past, Present and Future of Affordance Research.Annemiek D. Barsingerhorn, Frank T. J. M. Zaal, Joanne Smith & Gert-Jan Pepping - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (2):54-69.
    We give a historical overview of the development of almost 50 years of empirical research on the affordances in the past and in the present. Defined by James Jerome Gibson in the early development of the Ecological Approach to Perception and Action as the prime of perception and action, affordances have become a rich topic of investigation in the fields of human movement science and experimental psychology. The methodological origins of the empirical research performed on affordances can be traced back (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. The Excitement and Fascination of Science: Volume II: Reflections by Eminent ScientistsWilliam C. Gibson.David Bearman - 1979 - Isis 70 (4):637-638.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. J.J. Gibson and the Ecological Approach to Perception.Aaron Ben-Zeev - 1981 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (2):107-139.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  9. The Body and the Self. Berm - 1998 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Ecological Perception and the Notion of a Nonconceptual Point of View. Berm - 1998 - In The Body and the Self. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Ecological Approach.Fred H. Besthorn - 2012 - In Mel Gray & Stephen A. Webb (eds.), Social Work Theories and Methods. Sage Publications. pp. 173.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. On The Nature Of Representation: A Case Study Of James Gibson's Theory Of Perception.Mark H. Bickhard & D. Michael Richie - 1983 - Ny: Praeger.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   177 citations  
  13. La Passion: La Ligne Rouge de Mel Gibson.Stanislas Bouvier - 2004 - Nova et Vetera 79 (3):103-112.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Relativism in Gibson's Theory of Picture Perception.David M. Boynton - 1993 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 14 (1):51-69.
    Gibson's ecological approach to depiction is compared with Nelson Goodman's relativist theory of representation. Goodman's commitment to radical relativism and Gibson's to direct realism would make these thinkers unlikely candidates for comparison if Goodman himself had not indicated a substantial body of agreement with Gibson in the area of picture perception. The present study analyzes this agreement through systematic discussion of the following theses: realism in representation is not a function of geometrical optics, physical similarity to what is depicted, or (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. The Structures of Perception: An Ecological Perspective.Michael Braund - 2008 - Kritike 2 (1):123-144.
    James J. Gibson is one of the best known and perhaps most controversial visual theorists of the twentieth century. Writing in the vein of the American functionalists, and immersed in their profound sense of pragmatism, Gibson sought to establish a more rigorous foundation for the study of vision by reworking its most fundamental concepts. Over the five decades of his distinguished career, Gibson brought new clarity to the old problems of the tradition. He offered an alternative theory of perception - (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. Bodily Action and Distal Attribution in Sensory Substitution.Robert Briscoe - forthcoming - In Fiona Macpherson (ed.), Sensory Substitution and Augmentation. Proceedings of the British Academy.
    According to proponents of the sensorimotor contingency theory of perception (Hurley & Noë 2003, Noë 2004, O’Regan 2011), active control of camera movement is necessary for the emergence of distal attribution in tactile-visual sensory substitution (TVSS) because it enables the subject to acquire knowledge of the way stimulation in the substituting modality varies as a function of self-initiated, bodily action. This chapter, by contrast, approaches distal attribution as a solution to a causal inference problem faced by the subject’s perceptual systems. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Depiction, Pictorial Experience, and Vision Science.Robert Briscoe - 2016 - Philosophical Topics 44 (2):43-81.
    Pictures are 2D surfaces designed to elicit 3D-scene-representing experiences from their viewers. In this essay, I argue that philosophers have tended to underestimate the relevance of research in vision science to understanding the nature of pictorial experience. Both the deeply entrenched methodology of virtual psychophysics as well as empirical studies of pictorial space perception provide compelling support for the view that pictorial experience and seeing face-to-face are experiences of the same psychological, explanatory kind. I also show that an empirically informed (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Spatial Content and Motoric Significance.Robert Briscoe - 2014 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies (2):199-216.
    According to “actionism” (Noë 2010), perception constitutively depends on implicit knowledge of the way sensory stimulations vary as a consequence of the perceiver’s self-movement. My aim in this contribution is to develop an alternative conception of the role of action in perception present in the work of Gareth Evans using resources provided by Ruth Millikan’s biosemantic theory of mental representation.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Perceiving the Present: Systematization of Illusions or Illusion of Systematization?Robert Briscoe - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (8):1530-1542.
    Mark Changizi et al. (2008) claim that it is possible systematically to organize more than 50 kinds of illusions in a 7 × 4 matrix of 28 classes. This systematization, they further maintain, can be explained by the operation of a single visual processing latency correction mechanism that they call “perceiving the present” (PTP). This brief report raises some concerns about the way a number of illusions are classified by the proposed systematization. It also poses two general problems—one empirical and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20. Vision, Action, and Make‐Perceive.Robert Briscoe - 2008 - Mind and Language 23 (4):457-497.
    In this paper, I critically assess the enactive account of visual perception recently defended by Alva Noë (2004). I argue inter alia that the enactive account falsely identifies an object’s apparent shape with its 2D perspectival shape; that it mistakenly assimilates visual shape perception and volumetric object recognition; and that it seriously misrepresents the constitutive role of bodily action in visual awareness. I argue further that noticing an object’s perspectival shape involves a hybrid experience combining both perceptual and imaginative elements (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  21. Visual Perception: Physiology, Psychology, and Ecology.Vicki Bruce & Patrick Green - 1985 - Lawerence Erlbaum.
  22. Ideology as Cooperative Affordance.Joseph Bulbulia & Richard Sosis - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):515-516.
    McKay & Dennett (M&D) observe that beliefs need not be true in order to evolve. We connect this insight with Schelling's work on cooperative commitment to suggest that some beliefs are best approached as social goals. We explain why a social-interactive perspective is important to explaining the dynamics of belief formation and revision among situated partners.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Inverse Gnomonic Projection of Plane Regions.F. Thomas Burke - 2011 - Wolfram Demonstrations Project.
    This demonstration shows inverse gnomonic projections of flat surface areas lying in a horizontal plane tangent to the projection sphere. It shows how optical surface area varies regularly as the distance of the respective surface area from the eye varies, decreasing as the latter increases. According to ecological psychology, this kind of regularity or "invariant" is what sensory systems are designed to detect. Attunement to such invariants in the interactions of eyes and terrains make possible the perception of distance and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Ecological Psychology in Context: James Gibson, Roger Barker, and the Legacy of William James's Radical Empiricism. [REVIEW]Tom Burke - 2004 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 32 (99):54-57.
  25. Absolutist Array Specification and Species Survival: An Ecological Perspective on Ecological Perception.Patrick A. Cabe - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):217-217.
    Stoffregen & Bardy propose an absolutist transmodal array structure model, intended to displace models of specification in all existing perceptual theories. Absolute specification of world structure in array structures, either unimodal or transmodal, may not be provable, but might be falsifiable. Absolute specification, moreover, may not be a necessary postulate in an ecological approach to understanding perception-action.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Extending the Notion of Affordance.Silvano Zipoli Caiani - 2014 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (2):275-293.
    Post-Gibson attempts to set out a definition of affordance generally agree that this notion can be understood as a property of the environment with salience for an organism’s behavior. According to this view, some scholars advocate the idea that affordances are dispositional properties of physical objects that, given suitable circumstances, necessarily actualize related actions. This paper aims at assessing this statement in light of a theory of affordance perception. After years of discontinuity between strands of empirical and theoretical research, the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  27. The Ecological Approach to Perception.Claudia Carello & M. T. Turvey - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Socially Extending the Mind Through Social Affordances.Eros Moreira de Carvalho - manuscript
    The extended mind thesis claims that at least some cognitive processes extend beyond the organism’s brain in that they are constituted by the organism’s actions on its surrounding environment. A more radical move would be to claim that social actions performed by the organism could at least constitute some of its mental processes. This can be called the socially extended mind thesis. Based on the notion of affordance as developed in the ecological psychology tradition, I defend the position that perception (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. What Events Are.Anthony Chemero - unknown
    Thomas Stoffregen's "Affordances and Events" makes many points that are forgotten all too often--if they are realized at all--by adherents to the ecological perspective in psychology. He is to be applauded for this. But he compiles these points to make a very strong and very sweeping claim about the validity of a broad swath of research that is done by ecological psychologists. In particular, he argues for the following conclusion: "More generally, I have suggested that events may not be perceived; (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  30. An Outline of a Theory of Affordances.Anthony Chemero - 2003 - Ecological Psychology 15 (2):181-195.
    The primary difference between direct and inferential theories of perception concerns the location of perceptual content, the meaning of our perceptions. In inferential theories of perception, these meanings arise inside animals, based upon their interactions with the physical environment. Light, for example, bumps into receptors causing a sensation. The animal (or its brain) performs inferences on the sensation, yielding a meaningful perception. In direct theories of perception, on the other hand, meaning is in the environment, and perception does not depend (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   24 citations  
  31. Events as Changes in the Layout of Affordances.Anthony Chemero, Colin Klein & William Cordeiro - unknown
    In a target article that appeared in this journal, Thomas Stoffregen 2000 questions the possibility of ecological event perception research. This paper describes an experiments performed to examine the perception of the disappearance of gap-crossing affordances, a variety of event as defined by Chemero 2000. We found that subjects reliably perceive both gap-crossing affordances and the disappearance of gap-crossing affordances. Our findings provide empirical evidence in favor of understanding events as changes in the layout of affordances, shoring up event perception (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Gibsonian Affordances for Roboticists.Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey - unknown
    Using hypersets as an analytic tool, we compare traditionally Gibsonian (Chemero 2003; Turvey 1992) and representationalist (Sahin et al. this issue) understandings of the notion ‘affordance’. We show that representationalist understandings are incompatible with direct perception and erect barriers between animal and environment. They are, therefore, scarcely recognizable as understandings of ‘affordance’. In contrast, Gibsonian understandings are shown to treat animal-environment systems as unified complex systems and to be compatible with direct perception. We discuss the fruitful connections between Gibsonian affordances (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  33. Information and Direct Perception: A New Approach.Tony Chemero - forthcoming - In Priscila Farias & Jo (eds.), Advanced Issues in Cognitive Science and Semiotics.
    Since the 1970s, Michael Turvey, Robert Shaw, and William Mace have worked on the formulation of a philosophically-sound and empirically-tractable version of James Gibson.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34. Review of Ecological Psychology in Context: James Gibson, Roger Barker, and the Legacy of William James' Radical Empiricism. [REVIEW]Tony Chemero - 2003 - Contemporary Psychology.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. What We Perceive When We Perceive Affordances: Commentary on Michaels (2000), Information, Perception and Action.Tony Chemero - 2001 - Ecological Psychology 13 (2):111-116.
    In her essay --?Information, Perception and Action--, Claire Michaels reaches two conclusions that run very much against the grain of ecological psychology. First, she claims that affordances are not perceived, but simply acted upon; second, because of this, perception and action ought to be conceived separately. These conclusions are based upon a misinterpretation of empirical evidence which is, in turn, based upon a conflation of two proper objects of perception: objectively with properties and affordances.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. A Philosophical Approach to the Ecological Crisis.J. B. Chethimattam - 1995 - Journal of Dharma 20 (1):17-25.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. Canonical Affordances in Context.Alan Costall - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (2):85-93.
    James Gibson’s concept of affordances was an attempt to undermine the traditional dualism of the objective and subjective. Gibson himself insisted on the continuity of “affordances in general” and those attached to human artifacts. However, a crucial distinction needs to be drawn between “affordances in general” and the “canonical affordances” that are connected primarily to artifacts. Canonical affordances are conventional and normative. It is only in such cases that it makes sense to talk of the affordance of the object. Chairs, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  38. From Direct Perception to the Primacy of Action: A Closer Look at James Gibson's Ecological Approach to Psychology.Alan Costall - 2004 - In Gavin Bremner & Alan Slater (eds.), Theories of Infant Development. Blackwell. pp. 70--89.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. James Gibson and the Ecology of Agency.Alan Costall - 2000 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 33 (1-2):23-32.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Canonical Affordances: The Psychology of Everyday Things.Alan Costall & Ann Richards - 2013 - In Paul Graves-Brown, Rodney Harrison & Angela Piccini (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World. Oxford University Press. pp. 82.
    Psychologists have had very little to say about things. Things are one thing, people are another. There is now, however, a growing recognition of the importance of things within human psychology. But, in cognitive theory, the meanings of things are usually radically subjectivized. ‘Their’ meanings are really ‘our’ meanings that we mentally project upon them. James Gibson’s concept of affordances was an attempt to avoid subject–object dualism by defining the meanings of things-what we can do with them-as properties of the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Gibson's Theory of Direct Perception and the Problem of Cultural Relativism.Alan Costall & Arthur Still - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (4):433–441.
  42. Quantitative Methods Alone Are Not Enough: Response to Gibson and Fedorenko.Peter W. Culicover & Ray Jackendoff - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (6):234-235.
  43. Environmental Representation of the Body.Adrian Cussins - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):15-32.
    Much recent cognitive neuroscientific work on body knowledge is representationalist: “body schema” and “body images”, for example, are cerebral representations of the body (de Vignemont 2009). A framework assumption is that representation of the body plays an important role in cognition. The question is whether this representationalist assumption is compatible with the variety of broadly situated or embodied approaches recently popular in the cognitive neurosciences: approaches in which cognition is taken to have a ‘direct’ relation to the body and to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Conceptual Structure and the Procedural Affordances of Rational Numbers: Relational Reasoning with Fractions and Decimals.Melissa DeWolf, Miriam Bassok & Keith J. Holyoak - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (1):127-150.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. A Reflexive Dispositional Analysis of Mechanistic Perception.John Dilworth - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (4):479-493.
    The field of machine perception is based on standard informational and computational approaches to perception. But naturalistic informational theories are widely regarded as being inadequate, while purely syntactic computational approaches give no account of perceptual content. Thus there is a significant need for a novel, purely naturalistic perceptual theory not based on informational or computational concepts, which could provide a new paradigm for mechanistic perception. Now specifically evolutionary naturalistic approaches to perception have been—perhaps surprisingly—almost completely neglected for this purpose. Arguably (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  46. A Naturalistic, Reflexive Dispositional Approach to Perception.John Dilworth - 2005 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):583-601.
    This paper will investigate the basic question of the nature of perception, as theoretically approached from a purely naturalistic standpoint. An adequate theory must not only have clear application to a world full of pre-existing biological examples of perception of all kinds, from unicellular perception to conscious human perception, but it must also satisfy a series of theoretical or philosophical constraints, as enumerated and discussed in Section 1 below. A perceptual theory invoking _reflexive dispositions_--that is, dispositions directed toward the very (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  47. The Reflexive Theory of Perception.John Dilworth - 2005 - Behavior and Philosophy 33 (1):17-40.
    ABSTRACT: The Reflexive Theory of Perception (RTP) claims that perception of an object or property X by an organism Z consists in Z being caused by X to acquire some disposition D toward X itself. This broadly behavioral perceptual theory explains perceptual intentionality and correct versus incorrect, plus successful versus unsuccessful, perception in a plausible evolutionary framework. The theory also undermines cognitive and perceptual modularity assumptions, including informational or purely epistemic views of perception in that, according to the RTP, any (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  48. Naturalized Perception Without Information.John Dilworth - 2004 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 25 (4):349-368.
    The outlines of a novel, fully naturalistic theory of perception are provided, that can explain perception of an object X by organism Z in terms of reflexive causality. On the reflexive view proposed, organism Z perceives object or property X just in case X causes Z to acquire causal dispositions reflexively directed back upon X itself. This broadly functionalist theory is potentially capable of explaining both perceptual representation and perceptual content in purely causal terms, making no use of informational concepts. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  49. Reconstruction of the Parker/Gibson “Model” for the Evolution of Intelligence.William Orr Dingwall - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):383-384.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Complexity – Emergence – Ecological Cognition.Maciej Dombrowski - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (2):108-121.
    The present article constitutes an attempt at a review of a few selected questions related to the complexity paradigm and its implications for research on cognition, especially within the so-called ecological approach framework. I propose several theses, among others concerning the two contrary tendencies within the dominant methodology (the propensity to search for simplicity and the growing emphasis on recognizing complexity), as well as the ontological consequences of the phenomenon under discussion (ontological emergence and processual emergentism).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 209