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  1. added 2019-07-01
    Phytoassessment of Vetiver Grass Enhanced with EDTA Soil Amendment Grown in Single and Mixed Heavy Metal–Contaminated Soil.Chuck Chuan Ng - 2019 - Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 191 (434):1-16.
    Over the years, ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetate (EDTA) has been widely used for many purposes. However, there are inadequate phytoassessment studies conducted using EDTA in Vetiver grass. Hence, this study evaluates the phytoassessment (growth performance, accumulation trends, and proficiency of metal uptake) of Vetiver grass, Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn.) Nash in both single and mixed heavy metal (Cd, Pb, Cu, and Zn)—disodium EDTA-enhanced contaminated soil. The plant growth, metal accumulation, and overall efficiency of metal uptake by different plant parts (lower root, upper root, lower (...)
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  2. added 2019-06-06
    Peter Ayres, Shaping Ecology: The Life of Arthur Tansley. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. Pp. Xii+213. ISBN 978-0-470-67154-2. £19.99. [REVIEW]Andy Hammond - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Science 47 (2):383-384.
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  3. added 2019-06-06
    Whitney A. Bauman, Richard R. Bohannon II, and Kevin J. O’Brien, Eds. Inherited Land: The Changing Grounds of Religion and Ecology. [REVIEW]Jerome A. Stone - 2013 - Environmental Ethics 35 (2):245-246.
  4. added 2019-06-06
    Book Review: David Horrell, The Bible and the Environment: Towards a Critical Ecological Biblical TheologyHorrellDavid, The Bible and the Environment: Towards a Critical Ecological Biblical Theology . X + 161 Pp. £15.99 , ISBN 978-1-84553-622-0. [REVIEW]John McKeown - 2012 - Studies in Christian Ethics 25 (3):379-381.
  5. added 2019-06-06
    Book Review: Richard Bauckham, Bible and Ecology: Rediscovering the Community of CreationBauckhamRichard, Bible and Ecology: Rediscovering the Community of Creation . Xi + 226 Pp. £14.99 , ISBN 978-0-232-52791. [REVIEW]John McKeown - 2012 - Studies in Christian Ethics 25 (3):367-369.
  6. added 2019-06-06
    Convergence of Culture, Ecology, and Ethics: Management of Feral Swamp Buffalo in Northern Australia.Glenn Albrecht, Clive R. McMahon, David M. J. S. Bowman & Corey J. A. Bradshaw - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):361-378.
    This paper examines the identity of Asian swamp buffalo ( Bubalus bubalis ) from different value orientations. Buffalo were introduced into Northern (Top End) Australia in the early nineteenth century. A team of transdisciplinary researchers, including an ethicist, has been engaged in field research on feral buffalo in Arnhem Land over the past three years. Using historical documents, literature review, field observations, interviews with key informants, and interaction with the Indigenous land owners, an understanding of the diverse views on the (...)
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  7. added 2019-06-06
    Ecology Without Nature: Rethinking Environmental Aesthetics. [REVIEW]Janet Fiskio - 2008 - Environmental Philosophy 5 (1):109-111.
  8. added 2019-06-06
    Semiosphere and a Dual Ecology: Paradoxes of Communication.Kalevi Kull - 2005 - Sign Systems Studies 33 (1):175-188.
    This article compares the methodologies of two types of sciences — semiotics, and physics — and attempts thereby to characterise the semiotic and non-semiotic approaches to the description of ecosystems. The principal difference between the physical and semiotic sciences is that there exists just a single physical reality that is studied by physics via repetitiveness, whereas there are many semiotic realities that are studied as unique individuals. Seventeen complementary definitions of the semiosphere are listed, among them, semiosphere defined as the (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    On Signs, Memes and MEMS: Toward Evolutionary Ecosemiotics.Paul Bouissac - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (2):627-644.
    The first issue raised by this paper is whether semiotics can bring any added value to ecology. A brief examination of the epistemological status of semiotics in its current forms suggests that semiotics' phenomenological macroconcepts are incommensurate with the complexity of the sciences comprising ecology and are too reductive to usefully map the microprocesses through which organisms evolve and interact. However, there are at least two grounds on which interfacing semiotics with ecology may prove to be scientifically productive: the very (...)
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    Ecology of Semiotic Space: Competition, Exploitation and the Evolution of Arbitrary Signs.Paul Bouissac - 1993 - American Journal of Semiotics 10 (3/4):145-165.
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    Essay Review: No Longer a Stranger? A Decade in the History of Ecology: Modeling Nature: Episodes in the History of Population Ecology, the Background of Ecology: Concept and Theory, Saving the Prairies: The Life Cycle of the Founding School of American Plant Ecology 1895–1955, Nature's Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas, Nature's Economy: The Roots of Ecology. [REVIEW]Malcolm Nicolson - 1988 - History of Science 26 (2):183-200.
  12. added 2019-06-06
    Ecology and Philosophy: By Way of Introduction.Andrew McLaughlin - 1986 - Philosophical Inquiry 8 (1/2):1-9.
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  13. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review: Return to Nature? An Ecological Counterhistory by Fred Dallmayr and Plato’s Revenge: Politics in the Age of Ecology, by William OphulsReturn to Nature? An Ecological Counterhistory, by DallmayrFred. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 2011. 216 Pp.Plato’s Revenge: Politics in the Age of Ecology, by OphulsWilliam. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2011. 272 Pp. [REVIEW]Peter F. Cannavò - 2013 - Political Theory 41 (3):492-498.
  14. added 2019-06-05
    Book Review: The Bible and Ecology: Rediscovering the Community of CreationThe Bible and Ecology: Rediscovering the Community of Creation by BauckhamRichardBaylor University Press, Waco, 2010. 226 Pp. $25.00. ISBN 978-1-60258-310-8. [REVIEW]Thomas W. Mann - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (4):422-422.
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  15. added 2019-05-10
    Tracing Origins of Twenty‐First Century Ecotheology: The Poetry of Christopher Southgate.Margaret Boone Rappaport & Christopher Corbally - 2018 - Zygon 53 (3):866-875.
    With the goal of better understanding how science, religion, and poetic art came together in the work of Christopher Southgate, the authors first explore his spiritual poetry. They come away with a better understanding of the author’s commitment to a broad naturalism that contributes, along with his own faith experience, to his prose works in the emerging field of ecotheology. The authors conclude that Southgate’s work is part of the worldwide emergence of a theological rationale that supports environmentalism, the protection (...)
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  16. added 2019-04-26
    What Is It Like To Become a Bat? Heterogeneities in an Age of Extinction.Stephanie Erev - 2018 - Environmental Humanities 1 (10):129-149.
    In his celebrated 1974 essay “What Is It Like to Be a Bat?,” Thomas Nagel stages a human-bat encounter to illustrate and support his claim that “subjective experience” is irreducible to “objective fact”: because Nagel cannot experience the world as a bat does, he will never know what it is like to be one. In Nagel’s account, heterogeneity is figured negatively—as a failure or lack of resemblance—and functions to constrain his knowledge of bats. Today, as white-nose syndrome threatens bat populations (...)
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  17. added 2019-04-15
    Types of Experiments and Causal Process Tracing: What Happened on the Kaibab Plateau in the 1920s.Roberta L. Millstein - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    In a well-cited book chapter, ecologist Jared Diamond characterizes three main types of experiment performed in community ecology: laboratory experiment, field experiment, and natural experiment. Diamond argues that each form of experiment has strengths and weaknesses, with respect to, for example, realism or the ability to follow a causal trajectory. But does Diamond’s typology exhaust the available kinds of cause-finding practices? Some social scientists have characterized something they call “causal process tracing.” Is this a fourth type of experiment or something (...)
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  18. added 2019-03-11
    In Defense of Living Fossils.Derek D. Turner - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (2):23.
    Lately there has been a wave of criticism of the concept of living fossils. First, recent research has challenged the status of paradigmatic living fossil taxa, such as coelacanths, cycads, and tuataras. Critics have also complained that the living fossil concept is vague and/or ambiguous, and that it is responsible for misconceptions about evolution. This paper defends a particular phylogenetic conception of living fossils, or taxa that exhibit deep prehistoric morphological stability; contain few extant species; and make a high contribution (...)
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  19. added 2019-03-11
    Biases in the Selection of Candidate Species for De-Extinction.Derek D. Turner - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (1):21-24.
    Entrenched biases in favour of large, charismatic mammals, towards predators, towards terrestrial animals and towards species that have cultural importance can influence the selection of candidate species for de-extinction research. Often, the species with the highest existence value will also be the ones that raise the most serious animal welfare concerns.
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  20. added 2019-03-11
    Global Climate Destabilization and the Crisis of Civilization.Arran Gare - 2010 - Chromatikon: Annales de la Philosophie En Procès / Yearbook of Philosophy in Process 6:11-24.
    James Hansen, the world’s leading climate scientist, argues that global climate destabilization could totally destroy the conditions for life on Earth, and further, that politicians are not taking effective action. Instead, they are using their power to cripple science. This situation is explained in this paper as the outcome of the successful alliance between a global class of predators and people who must be recognized as idiots taking over the institutions of government, research and education and transforming governments into governments (...)
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  21. added 2019-01-24
    Not Null Enough: Pseudo-Null Hypotheses in Community Ecology and Comparative Psychology.William Bausman & Marta Halina - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (3-4):30.
    We evaluate a common reasoning strategy used in community ecology and comparative psychology for selecting between competing hypotheses. This strategy labels one hypothesis as a “null” on the grounds of its simplicity and epistemically privileges it as accepted until rejected. We argue that this strategy is unjustified. The asymmetrical treatment of statistical null hypotheses is justified through the experimental and mathematical contexts in which they are used, but these contexts are missing in the case of the “pseudo-null hypotheses” found in (...)
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  22. added 2018-10-13
    Optimization of Solutions for the One Plant Protection Problem. E. Kelman, R. Levy & Y. Levy - 2001 - Acta Biotheoretica 49 (1):61-71.
    Plant protection problems are simulated by a system of ordinary differential equations with given initial conditions. The sensitivity and resistance of pathogen subpopulations to fungicide mixtures, fungicide weathering, plant growth, etc. are taken into consideration. The system of equations is solved numerically for each set of initial conditions and parameters of the disease and fungicide applications. Optimization algorithms were investigated and a computer program was developed for optimization of these solutions. 14 typical cases of the disease were simulated and optimized (...)
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  23. added 2018-09-29
    Inferring Human Microbial Dynamics From Temporal Metagenomics Data: Pitfalls and Lessons.Hong-Tai Cao, Travis E. Gibson, Amir Bashan & Yang-Yu Liu - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (2):1600188.
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  24. added 2018-09-29
    The Biology and Evolution of Bird Songs.Clive K. Catchpole - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (1):47.
  25. added 2018-09-18
    Should We Help Wild Animals Suffering Negative Impacts From Climate Change?Clare Alexandra Palmer - 2018 - In Svenja Springer & Herwig Grimm (eds.), Professionals in food chains. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 35-40.
    Should we help wild animals suffering negative impacts from anthropogenic climate change? It follows from diverse ethical positions that we should, although this idea troubles defenders of wildness value. One already existing climate threat to wild animals, especially in the Arctic, is the disruption of food chains. I take polar bears as my example here: Should we help starving polar bears? If so, how? A recent scientific paper suggests that as bears’ food access worsens due to a changing climate, we (...)
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  26. added 2018-09-14
    A Passion for Birds: American Ornithology After Audubon.Mark V. Barrow - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):217-218.
  27. added 2018-09-13
    Understanding Leopold’s Concept of “Interdependence” for Environmental Ethics and Conservation Biology.Roberta L. Millstein - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):1127-1139.
    Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic, an extremely influential view in environmental ethics and conservation biology, is committed to the claim that interdependence between humans, other species, and abiotic entities plays a central role in our ethical responsibilities. Thus, a robust understanding of “interdependence” is necessary for evaluating the viability of the Land Ethic and related views, including ecological ones. I characterize and defend a Leopoldian concept of “interdependence,” arguing that it ought to include both negative and positive causal relations. I also (...)
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  28. added 2018-09-04
    The Economy of Nature: The Structure of Evolution in Linnaeus, Darwin, and the Modern Synthesis.Charles H. Pence & Daniel G. Swaim - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (3):435-454.
    We argue that the economy of nature constitutes an invocation of structure in the biological sciences, one largely missed by philosophers of biology despite the turn in recent years toward structural explanations throughout the philosophy of science. We trace a portion of the history of this concept, beginning with the theologically and economically grounded work of Linnaeus, moving through Darwin’s adaptation of the economy of nature and its reconstitution in genetic terms during the first decades of the Modern Synthesis. What (...)
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  29. added 2018-08-04
    Knowledge Transfer in Theoretical Ecology: Implications for Incommensurability, Voluntarism, and Pluralism.Justin Donhauser & Jamie Shaw - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    Well-known epistemologies of science have implications for how best to understand knowledge transfer (KT). Yet, to date, no serious attempt has been made explicate these particular implications. This paper infers views about KT from two popular epistemologies; what we characterize as incommensurabilitist views (after Devitt 2001; Bird 2002, 2008; Sankey and Hoyningen-Huene 2013) and voluntarist views (after van Fraassen 1984; Dupré 2001; Chakravartty 2015). We argue views of the former sort define the methodological, ontological, and social conditions under which research (...)
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  30. added 2017-09-18
    Well-Ordered Science: The Case of GM Crops.Matthew Lister - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):127-139.
    The debate over the use of genetically-modified crops is one where the heat to light ratio is often quite low. Both proponents and opponents of GM crops often resort more to rhetoric than argument. This paper attempts to use Philip Kitcher’s idea of a “well-ordered science” to bring coherence to the debate. While I cannot, of course, here decide when and where, if at all, GM crops should be used I do show how Kitcher’s approach provides a useful framework in (...)
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  31. added 2017-08-07
    Holistic Science: The Evolution of the Georgia Institute of Ecology.Gary W. Barrett & Terry L. Barrett - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (1):209-210.
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  32. added 2017-08-07
    Ecologists and Environmental Politics: A History of Contemporary Ecology.Stephen Bocking - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):145-147.
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  33. added 2017-08-07
    Stephen Forbes, Jacob Reighard, and the Emergence of Aquatic Ecology in the Great Lakes Region.Stephen Bocking - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (3):461-498.
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  34. added 2017-07-23
    Ecology, Evolution, Ethics: In Search of a Meta-Paradigm – An Introduction.Donato Bergandi - 2013 - In The Structural Links Between Ecology, Evolution and Ethics: The Virtuous Epistemic Circle. Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer. pp. 1-28.
    Evolutionary, ecological and ethical studies are, at the same time, specific scientific disciplines and, from an historical point of view, structurally linked domains of research. In a context of environmental crisis, the need is increasingly emerging for a connecting epistemological framework able to express a common or convergent tendency of thought and practice aimed at building, among other things, an environmental policy management respectful of the planet’s biodiversity and its evolutionary potential.
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  35. added 2017-02-15
    Remakings: Ecology, Design.Tony Fry - forthcoming - Philosophy.
  36. added 2017-02-15
    Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology After the End of the World.Timothy Morton - 2013 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Having set global warming in irreversible motion, we are facing the possibility of ecological catastrophe. But the environmental emergency is also a crisis for our philosophical habits of thought, confronting us with a problem that seems to defy not only our control but also our understanding. Global warming is perhaps the most dramatic example of what Timothy Morton calls “hyperobjects”—entities of such vast temporal and spatial dimensions that they defeat traditional ideas about what a thing is in the first place. (...)
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  37. added 2017-02-15
    The Evolution of American Ecology. [REVIEW]Thomas Weber - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (3):453-455.
  38. added 2017-02-15
    The Community Concept in Community Ecology.Earl D. McCoy & K. S. Shrader-Frechette - 1994 - Perspectives on Science 2:455.
  39. added 2017-02-14
    Origins and Development of Ecology.Arnold G. van der Valk - 2011 - In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. North-Holland. pp. 25.
  40. added 2017-02-14
    Plato's Revenge: Politics in the Age of Ecology.Patrick Ophuls - 2011 - MIT Press.
    In this provocative call for a new ecological politics, William Ophuls starts from a radical premise: "sustainability" is impossible. We are on an industrial _Titanic_, fueled by rapidly depleting stocks of fossil hydrocarbons. Making the deck chairs from recyclable materials and feeding the boilers with biofuels is futile. In the end, the ship is doomed by the laws of thermodynamics and by the implacable biological and geological limits that are already beginning to pinch. Ophuls warns us that we are headed (...)
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  41. added 2017-02-14
    50 Ecology–A Subversive Subject.Paul B. Sears - 2010 - Environmental Ethics: The Big Questions 14 (17):380.
  42. added 2017-02-14
    Complex Systems, Trade-Offs and Mathematical Modeling: A Response to Sober and Orzack.Jay Odenbaugh - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1496-1507.
  43. added 2017-02-14
    Social Ecology and the Universalist Philosophy of Ecology.Z. Hull - 1999 - Dialogue and Universalism 9 (9):10.
  44. added 2017-02-14
    Models of God for an Ecological, Evolutionary Era: God as Mother of the Universe.Sallie McFague - 1988 - In Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger & George V. Coyne (eds.), Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding. University of Notre Dame Press [Distributor]. pp. 249--72.
  45. added 2017-02-14
    Ecology and Philosophy: Whiteheads Contribution.Bennett Jb - 1975 - Journal of Thought 10 (1):24-30.
  46. added 2017-02-14
    Design as Ecology.K. Winetrou - 1971 - Journal of Thought 6 (1):17-23.
  47. added 2017-02-13
    Levins and the Lure of Artificial Worlds.Seth Bullock - 2014 - The Monist 97 (3):301-320.
    What is it about simulation models that has led some practitioners to treat them as potential sources of empirical data on the real-world systems being simulated; that is, to treat simulations as ‘artificial worlds’within which to perform computational ‘experiments’? Here we use the work of Richard Levins as a starting point in identifying the appeal of this model building strategy, and proceed to account for why this appeal is strongest for computational modellers. This analysis suggests a perspective on simulation modelling (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-13
    Ecology, Biology and Social Life: Explaining the Origins of Primate Sociality.Amanda Rees - 2006 - History of Science 44 (4):409-434.
  49. added 2017-02-13
    Realism and Ecological Units of Analysis.Claudia Carello - 1993 - In Dieter Steiner & Markus Nauser (eds.), Human Ecology: Fragments of Anti-Fragmentary Views of the World. Routledge.
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  50. added 2017-02-13
    A Few Notes on the Relation of Philosophy and Ecology.R. Kolarsky - 1991 - Filosoficky Casopis 39 (6):914-924.
1 — 50 / 347