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  1. The European Origins of Scientific Ecology.P. Acot (ed.) - 1998 - Gordon & Breach.
  2. The Lamarckian Cradle of Scientific Ecology.Pascal Acot - 1997 - Acta Biotheoretica 45 (3-4):185-193.
    Historians of science generally consider that Darwinism has played an important part in the birth of scientific ecology. Now most 19th century seminal works of the new discipline have been elaborated within a Lamarckian framework. The source of this paradox lies in the double-content of the adaptation concept, considered as a static phenomenon by the ecologists and as a dynamic process by the evolutionists. Although closely related nowadays, as shown by modern evolutionary ecology, the problematics of the fields of research (...)
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  3. La Maãitrise du Milieu.Pascal Acot - 1994
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  4. Convergence of Culture, Ecology, and Ethics: Management of Feral Swamp Buffalo in Northern Australia.Albrecht Glenn, R. McMahon Clive, M. J. S. Bowman David & J. A. Bradshaw Corey - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):361-378.
    This paper examines the identity of Asian swamp buffalo ( Bubalus bubalis ) from different value orientations. Buffalo were introduced into Northern (Top End) Australia in the early nineteenth century. A team of transdisciplinary researchers, including an ethicist, has been engaged in field research on feral buffalo in Arnhem Land over the past three years. Using historical documents, literature review, field observations, interviews with key informants, and interaction with the Indigenous land owners, an understanding of the diverse views on the (...)
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  5. Toward a Unified Ecology.Timothy F. H. Allen, Thomas W. Hoekstra & Frank N. Egerton - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (1):173.
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  6. Competition Theory, Evolution, and the Concept of an Ecological Niche.Thomas R. Alley - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):165-179.
    This article examines some of the main tenets of competition theory in light of the theory of evolution and the concept of an ecological niche. The principle of competitive exclusion and the related assumption that communities exist at competitive equilibrium - fundamental parts of many competition theories and models - may be violated if non-equilibrium conditions exist in natural communities or are incorporated into competition models. Furthermore, these two basic tenets of competition theory are not compatible with the theory of (...)
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  7. The Fundamentals of Vegetation Change - Complexity Rules.M. Anand - 2000 - Acta Biotheoretica 48 (1):1-14.
    Long-term vegetation dynamics based on paleo-pollen data display transient behaviour, often alternating in phase between predominant determinism and predominant 'turbulence', when viewed as a trajectory in a multivariate phase space. Given this, the metaphor of vegetation dynamics as a 'flowing stream', first introduced by Cooper in his classic 1926 paper entitled "The fundamentals of vegetation change", is re-examined and revealed to be not only useful, but strikingly realistic. Vegetation dynamic theory is reviewed and classic theories are found to reflect reality (...)
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  8. Integrating Science and Society Through Long-Term Socio-Ecological Research.Christopher B. Anderson, Gene E. Likens, Ricardo Rozzi, Julio R. Gutiérrez & Juan J. Armesto - 2008 - Environmental Ethics 30 (3):295-312.
    Long-term ecological research (LTER), addressing problems that encompass decadal or longer time frames, began as a formal term and program in the United States in 1980. While long-term ecological studies and observation began as early as the 1400s and 1800s in Asia and Europe, respectively, the long-term approach was not formalized until the establishment of the U.S. long-term ecological research programs. These programs permitted ecosystem-level experiments and cross-site comparisons that led to insights into the biosphere’s structure and function. The holistic (...)
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  9. The Ecology of Nations: British Imperial Sciences of Nature, 1895-1945.Peder Johan Anker - 1999 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    This thesis focuses on the expansion of ecological research from botanical studies of sand dunes to human ecology within the British Empire. It argues that the correlation between nature's and society's imperial economy---the ecology of nations---was a crucial step in the conceptual and social development of ecological research. Elements of technology, psychology, epistemology, sociology, geography and historiography, as well as the natural sciences, constituted the broad methodological base of ecology. The result was a new ecological order of these 'sciences of (...)
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  10. Semiotic Approaches and Ecology Models of Language Learning.Prisca Augustyn - 2009 - Semiotics:452-462.
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  11. Forrageamento Por Recurso Alternativo Em Época de Estiagem Por Apis Mellifera Linnaeus, 1758.Bruno Corrêa Barbosa, Tatiane Tagliatti Maciel & Fabio Prezoto - 2015 - Mensagem Doce 131 (2):1-4.
    Forrageamento por Recurso Alternativo em Época de Estiagem por Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758.
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  12. Daniel S. Licht, Ecology and Economics of the Great Plains.A. A. Batabyal - 1998 - Agriculture and Human Values 15:283-284.
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  13. Steps to an Ecology of Mind.Gregory Bateson - 1972
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  14. Ecology and Evolutionary Biology in the War and Postwar Years: Questions and Comments.John Beatty - 1988 - Journal of the History of Biology 21 (2):245-263.
    Of all the scientists discussed by Mitman, Keller, and Taylor, Odum stands out most as the technocrat, the social engineer. But less obvious candidates, like Allee, also fancied themselves in this capacity: “Our task as biologists and as citizens of a civilized country, is a practical engineering job.” Allee had in mind the establishment of an international cooperative order based on his biological principles. He apparently did not recognize the extent to which his principles were themselves an engineering feat: he (...)
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  15. Scarcity and the Turn From Economics to Ecology.Frederic L. Bender - 1990 - Social Epistemology 4 (1):93 – 113.
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  16. The Structural Links Between Ecology, Evolution and Ethics: The Virtuous Epistemic Circle.Donato Bergandi (ed.) - 2013 - Springer.
    Abstract - Evolutionary, ecological and ethical studies are, at the same time, specific scientific disciplines and, from an historical point of view, structurally linked domains of research. In a context of environmental crisis, the need is increasingly emerging for a connecting epistemological framework able to express a common or convergent tendency of thought and practice aimed at building, among other things, an environmental policy management respectful of the planet’s biodiversity and its evolutionary potential. -/- Evolutionary biology, ecology and ethics: at (...)
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  17. On the Evolution of Behavioral Complexity in Individuals and Populations.Carl T. Bergstrom & Peter Godfrey-Smith - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (2):205-31.
    A wide range of ecological and evolutionary models predict variety in phenotype or behavior when a population is at equilibrium. This heterogeneity can be realized in different ways. For example, it can be realized through a complex population of individuals exhibiting different simple behaviors, or through a simple population of individuals exhibiting complex, varying behaviors. In some theoretical frameworks these different realizations are treated as equivalent, but natural selection distinguishes between these two alternatives in subtle ways. By investigating an increasingly (...)
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  18. Landscape Ecology in the Mediterranean: Inside and Outside Approaches.Jacques Blondel - 2007 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 15 (2):193-194.
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  19. Landscape Ecology — A Top-Down Approach. [REVIEW]J. Bogaert - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (2):129-131.
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  20. Sanderson, J. And L.D. Harris (Editors) (2000). Landscape Ecology — a Top-Down Approach.J. Bogaert - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (2):129-131.
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  21. Mcgarigal, K., S. Cusham and S. Stafford (2000). Multivariate Statistics for Wildlife and Ecology Research.Jan Bogaert - 2001 - Acta Biotheoretica 49 (2):141-143.
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  22. Multivariate Statistics for Wildlife and Ecology Research. [REVIEW]Jan Bogaert - 2001 - Acta Biotheoretica 49 (2):141-143.
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  23. Behavioural Ecology's Ethological Roots.Jean-Sébastien Bolduc - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (3):674-683.
    Since Krebs and Davies’s (1978) landmark publication, it is acknowledged that behavioural ecology owes much to the ethological tradition in the study of animal behaviour. Although this assumption seems to be right—many of the first behavioural ecologists were trained in departments where ethology developed and matured—it still to be properly assessed. In this paper, I undertake to identify the approaches used by ethologists that contributed to behavioural ecology’s constitution as a field of inquiry. It is my contention that the current (...)
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  24. Ecology Economics.F. Herbert Bormann & S. R. Kellert - forthcoming - Ethics.
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  25. Understanding Colonial Traits Using Symbiosis Research and Ecosystem Ecology.Frédéric Bouchard - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (3):240-246.
    E. O. Wilson (1974: 54) describes the problem that social organisms pose: “On what bases do we distinguish the extremely modified members of an invertebrate colony from the organs of a metazoan animal?” This framing of the issue has inspired many to look more closely at how groups of organisms form and behave as emergent individuals. The possible existence of “superorganisms” test our best intuitions about what can count and act as genuine biological individuals and how we should study them. (...)
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  26. On Signs, Memes and MEMS.Paul Bouissac - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (2):627-644.
    The first issue raised by this paper is whether semiotics can bring any added value to ecology. A brief examination of the epistemological status of semiotics in its current forms suggests that semiotics' phenomenological macroconcepts (which are inherited from various theological and philosophical traditions) are incommensurate with the complexity of the sciences comprising ecology and are too reductive to usefully map the microprocesses through which organisms evolve and interact. However, there are at least two grounds on which interfacing semiotics with (...)
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  27. Ecology of Semiotic Space.Paul Bouissac - 1993 - American Journal of Semiotics 10 (3/4):145-165.
  28. Disciplinary Capture and Epistemological Obstacles to Interdisciplinary Research: Lessons From Central African Conservation Disputes.Evelyn Brister - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 56:82-91.
    Complex environmental problems require well-researched policies that integrate knowledge from both the natural and social sciences. Epistemic differences can impede interdisciplinary collaboration, as shown by debates between conservation biologists and anthropologists who are working to preserve biological diversity and support economic development in central Africa. Disciplinary differences with regard to 1) facts, 2) rigor, 3) causal explanation, and 4) research goals reinforce each other, such that early decisions about how to define concepts or which methods to adopt may tilt research (...)
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  29. Ecology as Historical Science.Bryson Brown - 2011 - In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. North-Holland. pp. 11--251.
  30. Philosophy of Ecology Today.Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock Kevin deLaplante - 2011 - In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. North-Holland. pp. 3.
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  31. Complex Ecological Systems.James H. Brown - forthcoming - Complexity.
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  32. Visions of the Land: Science, Literature, and the American Environment From the Era of Exploration to the Age of Ecology.Michael A. Bryson - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (1):219-221.
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  33. Levins and the Lure of Artificial Worlds.Seth Bullock - 2014 - The Monist 97 (3):301-320.
    What is it about simulation models that has led some practitioners to treat them as potential sources of empirical data on the real-world systems being simulated; that is, to treat simulations as ‘artificial worlds’within which to perform computational ‘experiments’? Here we use the work of Richard Levins as a starting point in identifying the appeal of this model building strategy, and proceed to account for why this appeal is strongest for computational modellers. This analysis suggests a perspective on simulation modelling (...)
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  34. Ecology-Driven Real Options: An Investment Framework for Incorporating Uncertainties in the Context of the Natural Environment.Timo Busch & Volker H. Hoffmann - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):295-310.
    The role of uncertainty within an organization’s environment features prominently in the business ethics and management literature, but how corporate investment decisions should proceed in the face of uncertainties relating to the natural environment is less discussed. From the perspective of ecological economics, the salience of ecology-induced issues challenges management to address new types of uncertainties. These pertain to constraints within the natural environment as well as to institutional action aimed at conserving the natural environment. We derive six areas of (...)
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  35. Seeing Ecology and Seeing as Ecology: On Brereton's Hollywood Utopia and the Anderson's Moving Image Theory.Brian E. Butler - 2007 - Film-Philosophy 11 (1):61-69.
    Joseph D. Anderson & Barbara Fisher Anderson Moving Image Theory: Ecological ConsiderationsCarbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.ISBN 0 8093 2599 3253pp.Pat Brereton Hollywood Utopia: Ecology in Contemporary American CinemaBristol: Intellect.ISBN 1 84150117 4270pp.
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  36. Do Deconstructive Ecology and Sociobiology Undermine Leopold's Land Ethic?J. Baird Callicott - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (4):353-372.
    Recent deconstructive developments in ecology (doubts about the existence of unified communities and ecosystems, the diversity-stability hypothesis, and a natural homeostasis or “balance of nature”; and an emphasis on “chaos,” “perturbation,” and directionless change in living nature) and the advent of sociobiology (selfish genes) may seem to undermine the scientific foundations of environmental ethics, especially the Leopold land ethic. A reassessment of the Leopold land ethic in light of these developments (and vice versa) indicates that the land ethic is still (...)
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  37. Translocal Ecologies: The Norfolk Broads, the "Natural," and the International Phytogeographical Excursion, 1911. [REVIEW]Laura Cameron & David Matless - 2011 - Journal of the History of Biology 44 (1):15 - 41.
    What we consider "nature" is always historical and relational, shaped in contingent configurations of representational and social practices. In the early twentieth century, the English ecologist A.G. Tansley lamented the pervasive problem of international misunderstandings concerning the nature of "nature." In order to create some consensus on the concepts and language of ecological plant geography, Tansley founded the International Phytogeographical Excursion, which brought together leading plant geographers and botanists from North America and Europe. The first IPE in August 1911 started (...)
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  38. Book Review: Return to Nature? An Ecological Counterhistory by Fred Dallmayr and Plato's Revenge: Politics in the Age of Ecology, by William Ophuls. [REVIEW]Peter F. Cannavò - 2013 - Political Theory 41 (3):492-498.
  39. Realism and Ecological Units of Analysis.Claudia Carello - 1993 - In Dieter Steiner & Markus Nauser (eds.), Human Ecology: Fragments of Anti-Fragmentary Views of the World. Routledge.
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  40. Some Philosophical Origins of an Ecological Sensibility.Charles Carlson - unknown
    This dissertation is centered on problems within the history and philosophy of biology. The project identifies the philosophical roots of the current ecological movement and shows how a version of philosophical naturalism might be put to use within contemporary ethical issues in biology, and aid in the development of research programs. The approach is historically informed, but has application for current dilemmas. The traditions from which I primarily draw include classical American philosophy, particularly C.S. Peirce and John Dewey, as well (...)
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  41. Hybridization and the Typological Paradigm.Charles Carlson - unknown
    The presence of parasites in a population has an impact on mate choice and has substantial evolutionary significance. A relatively unexplored aspect of this dynamic is whether or not the presence of parasites increases the likelihood of hybridization events, which also have a significant role in ecological adaptation. One explanation of increased hybridization in some areas and not others is that stress from parasites results in selection for an increase of novel genotypes. Two swordtail species Xiphophorus birchmanni and Xiphophorus malinche (...)
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  42. A Gradualist Theory of Discovery in Ecology.David Castle - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (4):547-571.
    The distinction between the context ofdiscovery and the context of justificationrestricts philosophy of science to the rationalreconstruction of theories, and characterizesscientific discovery as rare, theoreticalupheavals that defy rational reconstruction. Kuhnian challenges to the two contextsdistinction show that non-rational elementspersist in the justification of theories, butgo no further to provide a positive account ofdiscovery. A gradualist theory of discoverydeveloped in this paper shows, with supportfrom ecological cases, that discoveries areroutinely made in ecology by extending modelsto new domains, or by making additions (...)
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  43. A Semantic View of Ecological Theories.David G. A. Castle - 2001 - Dialectica 55 (1):51–66.
    Philosophical analysis of ecological theories has lagged behind the study of evolutionary theory. The semantic conception of scientific theories, which has been employed successfully in the analysis of evolutionary theory, is adopted here to analyse ecological theory. Two general problems in ecology are discussed. One arises from the continued use of covering law models in ecology, and the other concerns the applicability of ecological theory in conservation biology. The semantic conception of ecological theories is used to resolve these problems.
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  44. Notes Towards a Semiotics of Parasitism.Han-Liang Chang - 2003 - Sign Systems Studies 31 (2):421-438.
    The metaphor of parasites or parasitism has dominated literary critical discourse since the 1970s, prominent examples being Michel Serres in France and J. Hillis Miller in America. In their writings the relationship between text and paratext, literature and criticism, is often likened to that between host and parasite, and can be therefore deconstructed. Their writings, along with those by Derrida, Barthes, and Thom, seem to be suggesting the possibility of a semiotics of parasitism. Unfortunately, none of these writers has drawn (...)
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  45. Ecological Niche Theory.Jonathan Chase - 2011 - In Samuel M. Scheiner & Michael R. Willig (eds.), The Theory of Ecology. University of Chicago Press.
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  46. Nurture Is Natural: Reply to Amin and Thompson and Rushton.James S. Chisholm - 2003 - Behavior and Philosophy 31:127 - 137.
    Two reviews of Death, Hope and Sex in Vol. 29 of this journal revealed some limitations in their authors' understanding of basic principles of evolutionary ecology and life history theory. Amin and Thompson's review criticized my model of the contingent development of alternative reproductive strategies as (1) being too strong, (2) being too mentalistic, (3) being too reliant on the flawed optimality assumption, (4) committing the Naturalistic Fallacy, and (5) ignoring group selection arguments. I accept only the latter criticism. Rushton's (...)
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  47. Greening Paul: Rereading the Apostle in a Time of Ecological Crisis_, And: _The Bible and Ecology: Rediscovering the Community of Creation.Kristel Clayville - 2012 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 32 (2):200-203.
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  48. Is It Too Late?: A Theology of Ecology.John B. Cobb - unknown
    This book was the first single-authored book that covered ecological ethics and theology. It discusses key philosophical, theological, and ecological issues for Christians and other concerned citizens.
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  49. Evolution Into Ecology? The Strategy of Warming's Ecological Plant Geography.William Coleman - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):181-196.
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  50. The Semiotics of Nature: Towards an Ecology of Metaphor and a Biology of Mathematics.W. John Coletta - 1993 - American Journal of Semiotics 10 (3/4):223-244.
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