Related categories

340 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 340
  1. added 2018-10-13
    Optimization of Solutions for the One Plant Protection Problem. E. Kelman, R. Levy & Y. Levy - 2001 - Acta Biotheoretica 49 (1):61-71.
    Plant protection problems are simulated by a system of ordinary differential equations with given initial conditions. The sensitivity and resistance of pathogen subpopulations to fungicide mixtures, fungicide weathering, plant growth, etc. are taken into consideration. The system of equations is solved numerically for each set of initial conditions and parameters of the disease and fungicide applications. Optimization algorithms were investigated and a computer program was developed for optimization of these solutions. 14 typical cases of the disease were simulated and optimized (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. added 2018-09-29
    Inferring Human Microbial Dynamics From Temporal Metagenomics Data: Pitfalls and Lessons.Hong-Tai Cao, Travis E. Gibson, Amir Bashan & Yang-Yu Liu - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (2):1600188.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. added 2018-09-29
    Inferring Human Microbial Dynamics From Temporal Metagenomics Data: Pitfalls and Lessons.Hong-Tai Cao, Travis E. Gibson, Amir Bashan & Yang-Yu Liu - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (2):1600188.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. added 2018-09-29
    The Biology and Evolution of Bird Songs.Clive K. Catchpole - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (1):47.
  5. added 2018-09-18
    Should We Help Wild Animals Suffering Negative Impacts From Climate Change?Clare Alexandra Palmer - 2018 - In Svenja Springer & Herwig Grimm (eds.), Professionals in food chains. Wageningen Academic Publishers. pp. 35-40.
    Should we help wild animals suffering negative impacts from anthropogenic climate change? It follows from diverse ethical positions that we should, although this idea troubles defenders of wildness value. One already existing climate threat to wild animals, especially in the Arctic, is the disruption of food chains. I take polar bears as my example here: Should we help starving polar bears? If so, how? A recent scientific paper suggests that as bears’ food access worsens due to a changing climate, we (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. added 2018-09-14
    A Passion for Birds: American Ornithology After Audubon.Mark V. Barrow - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (1):217-218.
  7. added 2018-09-13
    Understanding Leopold’s Concept of “Interdependence” for Environmental Ethics and Conservation Biology.Roberta L. Millstein - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (5):1127-1139.
    Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic, an extremely influential view in environmental ethics and conservation biology, is committed to the claim that interdependence between humans, other species, and abiotic entities plays a central role in our ethical responsibilities. Thus, a robust understanding of “interdependence” is necessary for evaluating the viability of the Land Ethic and related views, including ecological ones. I characterize and defend a Leopoldian concept of “interdependence,” arguing that it ought to include both negative and positive causal relations. I also (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. added 2018-09-04
    The Economy of Nature: The Structure of Evolution in Linnaeus, Darwin, and the Modern Synthesis.Charles H. Pence & Daniel G. Swaim - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (3):435-454.
    We argue that the economy of nature constitutes an invocation of structure in the biological sciences, one largely missed by philosophers of biology despite the turn in recent years toward structural explanations throughout the philosophy of science. We trace a portion of the history of this concept, beginning with the theologically and economically grounded work of Linnaeus, moving through Darwin’s adaptation of the economy of nature and its reconstitution in genetic terms during the first decades of the Modern Synthesis. What (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. added 2018-08-04
    Knowledge Transfer in Theoretical Ecology: Implications for Incommensurability, Voluntarism, and Pluralism.Justin Donhauser & Jamie Shaw - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    Well-known epistemologies of science have implications for how best to understand knowledge transfer (KT). Yet, to date, no serious attempt has been made explicate these particular implications. This paper infers views about KT from two popular epistemologies; what we characterize as incommensurabilitist views (after Devitt 2001; Bird 2002, 2008; Sankey and Hoyningen-Huene 2013) and voluntarist views (after van Fraassen 1984; Dupré 2001; Chakravartty 2015). We argue views of the former sort define the methodological, ontological, and social conditions under which research (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10. added 2017-09-18
    Well-Ordered Science: The Case of GM Crops.Matthew J. Lister - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):127-139.
    The debate over the use of genetically-modified crops is one where the heat to light ratio is often quite low. Both proponents and opponents of GM crops often resort more to rhetoric than argument. This paper attempts to use Philip Kitcher’s idea of a “well-ordered science” to bring coherence to the debate. While I cannot, of course, here decide when and where, if at all, GM crops should be used I do show how Kitcher’s approach provides a useful framework in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. added 2017-08-07
    Holistic Science: The Evolution of the Georgia Institute of Ecology.Gary W. Barrett & Terry L. Barrett - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (1):209-210.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. added 2017-08-07
    Ecologists and Environmental Politics: A History of Contemporary Ecology.Stephen Bocking - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (1):145-147.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  13. added 2017-08-07
    Stephen Forbes, Jacob Reighard, and the Emergence of Aquatic Ecology in the Great Lakes Region.Stephen Bocking - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (3):461-498.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. added 2017-07-23
    Ecology, Evolution, Ethics: In Search of a Meta-Paradigm – An Introduction.Donato Bergandi - 2013 - In The Structural Links Between Ecology, Evolution and Ethics: The Virtuous Epistemic Circle. Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer. pp. 1-28.
    Evolutionary, ecological and ethical studies are, at the same time, specific scientific disciplines and, from an historical point of view, structurally linked domains of research. In a context of environmental crisis, the need is increasingly emerging for a connecting epistemological framework able to express a common or convergent tendency of thought and practice aimed at building, among other things, an environmental policy management respectful of the planet’s biodiversity and its evolutionary potential.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. added 2017-02-15
    Remakings: Ecology, Design.Tony Fry - forthcoming - Philosophy.
  16. added 2017-02-15
    Shaping Ecology: The Life of Arthur Tansley. [REVIEW]Andy Hammond - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Science 47 (2):383-384.
  17. added 2017-02-15
    Hyperobjects: Philosophy and Ecology After the End of the World.Timothy Morton - 2013 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Having set global warming in irreversible motion, we are facing the possibility of ecological catastrophe. But the environmental emergency is also a crisis for our philosophical habits of thought, confronting us with a problem that seems to defy not only our control but also our understanding. Global warming is perhaps the most dramatic example of what Timothy Morton calls “hyperobjects”—entities of such vast temporal and spatial dimensions that they defeat traditional ideas about what a thing is in the first place. (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18. added 2017-02-15
    The Evolution of American Ecology. [REVIEW]Thomas Weber - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (3):453-455.
  19. added 2017-02-15
    The Community Concept in Community Ecology.Earl D. McCoy & K. S. Shrader-Frechette - 1994 - Perspectives on Science 2:455.
  20. added 2017-02-14
    Plato's Revenge: Politics in the Age of Ecology.Patrick Ophuls - 2011 - MIT Press.
    In this provocative call for a new ecological politics, William Ophuls starts from a radical premise: "sustainability" is impossible. We are on an industrial _Titanic_, fueled by rapidly depleting stocks of fossil hydrocarbons. Making the deck chairs from recyclable materials and feeding the boilers with biofuels is futile. In the end, the ship is doomed by the laws of thermodynamics and by the implacable biological and geological limits that are already beginning to pinch. Ophuls warns us that we are headed (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. added 2017-02-14
    Origins and Development of Ecology.Arnold G. van der Valk - 2011 - In Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.), Philosophy of Ecology. North-Holland. pp. 25.
  22. added 2017-02-14
    50 Ecology–A Subversive Subject.Paul B. Sears - 2010 - Environmental Ethics: The Big Questions 14 (17):380.
  23. added 2017-02-14
    Complex Systems, Trade-Offs and Mathematical Modeling: A Response to Sober and Orzack.Jay Odenbaugh - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1496-1507.
  24. added 2017-02-14
    Social Ecology and the Universalist Philosophy of Ecology.Z. Hull - 1999 - Dialogue and Universalism 9 (9):10.
  25. added 2017-02-14
    Models of God for an Ecological, Evolutionary Era: God as Mother of the Universe.Sallie McFague - 1988 - In Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger & George V. Coyne (eds.), Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding. University of Notre Dame Press [Distributor]. pp. 249--72.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. added 2017-02-14
    Ecology and Philosophy: Whiteheads Contribution.Bennett Jb - 1975 - Journal of Thought 10 (1):24-30.
  27. added 2017-02-14
    Design as Ecology.K. Winetrou - 1971 - Journal of Thought 6 (1):17-23.
  28. added 2017-02-13
    Levins and the Lure of Artificial Worlds.Seth Bullock - 2014 - The Monist 97 (3):301-320.
    What is it about simulation models that has led some practitioners to treat them as potential sources of empirical data on the real-world systems being simulated; that is, to treat simulations as ‘artificial worlds’within which to perform computational ‘experiments’? Here we use the work of Richard Levins as a starting point in identifying the appeal of this model building strategy, and proceed to account for why this appeal is strongest for computational modellers. This analysis suggests a perspective on simulation modelling (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. added 2017-02-13
    Ecology, Biology and Social Life: Explaining the Origins of Primate Sociality.Amanda Rees - 2006 - History of Science 44 (4):409-434.
  30. added 2017-02-13
    Realism and Ecological Units of Analysis.Claudia Carello - 1993 - In Dieter Steiner & Markus Nauser (eds.), Human Ecology: Fragments of Anti-Fragmentary Views of the World. Routledge.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. added 2017-02-13
    Plant Ecology and the Law of the Relationship Between Action and Result.Bk Swain - 1991 - Journal of Dharma 16 (3):218-228.
  32. added 2017-02-13
    A Few Notes on the Relation of Philosophy and Ecology.R. Kolarsky - 1991 - Filosoficky Casopis 39 (6):914-924.
  33. added 2017-02-13
    Philosophical and Sociological Connections of Ecology in the Views of West-German Movement of Ecological Alternative.O. Sevcik - 1987 - Filosoficky Casopis 35 (3):401-408.
  34. added 2017-02-12
    Cooperation and the Evolutionary Ecology of Bacterial Virulence: The Bacillus Cereus Group as a Novel Study System.Ben Raymond & Michael B. Bonsall - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (8):706-716.
  35. added 2017-02-12
    Review of Daniel J. Hruschka's Friendship: Development, Ecology, and Evolution of a Relationship (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010). [REVIEW]Nicole H. Hess & Shane J. Macfarlan - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (3):348-350.
  36. added 2017-02-12
    Whitney A. Bauman, Richard R. Bohannon II, and Kevin J. O'Brien, Eds. Inherited Land: The Changing Grounds of Religion and Ecology. [REVIEW]Jerome A. Stone - 2013 - Environmental Ethics 35 (2):245-246.
  37. added 2017-02-12
    Book Review: The Bible and Ecology: Rediscovering the Community of Creation. [REVIEW]Thomas W. Mann - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (4):422-422.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. added 2017-02-12
    Guest Editorial: Ecology and the Economy.James Tate - 2010 - Synesis: A Journal of Science, Technology, Ethics, and Policy 1 (1):T1 - T2.
  39. added 2017-02-12
    The Bible and Ecology.Holmes Rolston - 1996 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 50 (1):16-26.
    The Bible is not a book of science, and therefore not of ecology. It does, however, sketch a vision of human ecology, and contemporary readers encounter claims about how to value nature. The Bible's vision is simultaneously biocentric, anthropocentric, and theocentric. The Hebrews discovered who they were as they discovered where they were, and their scriptures can be a catalyst in our ecological crisis.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. added 2017-02-11
    Biomass and Effects of Airborne Ultrafine Particulates: Lessons About State Variables in Ecology. [REVIEW]Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette - 2013 - Biological Theory 8 (1):44-48.
  41. added 2017-02-11
    Holism and Reductionism in Ecology: A Trivial Dichotomy and Levins' Non-Trivial Account.Ageliki Lefkaditou & George P. Stamou - 2006 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (3):313 - 336.
    Ecology, though poor in philosophical scrutiny, is full of foundational controversies. The holism-reductionism debate is one associated with ontological, methodological and epistemological premises. During the beginning of the twentieth century, ecology appeared highly holistic mainly due to Frederic Clements's organismic approach. Influential criticism gathered, however, and by the middle of the century ecology seemed divided in two conflicting camps, reductionists and holists. Yet for the majority of ecologists eclecticism was the only choice since both doctrines were a poor description of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. added 2017-02-11
    Evolution and Ecology: The Pace of Life by K. D. Bennett.Arnold I. Miller - 1998 - Complexity 4 (1):48-49.
  43. added 2017-02-11
    Semiotic Ecology: Different Natures in the Semiosphere.Kalevi Kull - 1998 - Sign Systems Studies 26 (1):344-371.
  44. added 2017-02-11
    Paolo Palladino, Entomology, Ecology and Agriculture: The Making of Scientific Careers in North America. [REVIEW]Pamela M. Henson - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):485-487.
  45. added 2017-02-11
    Meaning and the “Discursive Ecology”: Further to the Debate on Ecological Perceptual Theory.William Noble - 1993 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 23 (4):375-398.
  46. added 2017-02-11
    Dutch Fresh-Water Ecology: The Links Between National and International Scientific Research.Jacqueline Cramer & Rob Hagendijk - 1985 - Minerva 23 (4):485-503.
  47. added 2017-02-10
    What is the Value of Historical Fidelity in Restoration?Justin Garson - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45 (1):97-100.
    The following considers the role of historical fidelity in habitat reconstruction efforts. To what extent should habitat reconstruction be guided by the goal of recreating some past state of a damaged ecosystem? I consider Sarkar’s “replacement argument,” which holds that, in most habitat reconstruction efforts, there is little justification for appealing to historical fidelity. I argue that Sarkar does not provide adequate grounds for deprecating historical fidelity relative to other natural values such as biodiversity or wild nature.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48. added 2017-02-10
    Book Review: David Horrell, The Bible and the Environment: Towards a Critical Ecological Biblical Theology. [REVIEW]John McKeown - 2012 - Studies in Christian Ethics 25 (3):379-381.
  49. added 2017-02-10
    Semiotic Approaches and Ecology Models of Language Learning.Prisca Augustyn - 2009 - Semiotics:452-462.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. added 2017-02-10
    Semiosphere and a Dual Ecology.Kalevi Kull - 2005 - Sign Systems Studies 33 (1):175-188.
    This article compares the methodologies of two types of sciences (according to J. Locke) — semiotics, and physics — and attempts thereby to characterise the semiotic and non-semiotic approaches to the description of ecosystems. The principal difference between the physical and semiotic sciences is that there exists just a single physical reality that is studied by physics via repetitiveness, whereas there are many semiotic realities that are studied as unique individuals. Seventeen complementary definitions of the semiosphere are listed, among them, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 340