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  1. Matthew D. Adler (2014). Extended Preferences and Interpersonal Comparisons: A New Account. Economics and Philosophy 30 (2):123-162.
  2. Matthew D. Adler, Harsanyi 2.0.
    How should we make interpersonal comparisons of well-being levels and differences? One branch of welfare economics eschews such comparisons, which are seen as impossible or unknowable; normative evaluation is based upon criteria such as Pareto or Kaldor-Hicks efficiency that require no interpersonal comparability. A different branch of welfare economics, for example optimal tax theory, uses “social welfare functions” to compare social states and governmental policies. Interpersonally comparable utility numbers provide the input for SWFs. But this scholarly tradition has never adequately (...)
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  3. Donald L. Adolphson (2004). A New Perspective on Ethics, Ecology, and Economics. Journal of Business Ethics 54 (3):201-213.
    This paper introduces the important concept of a biophysical perspective on economics into the business ethics literature. The biophysical perspective recognizes that ecological processes determine what can be done in an economy and how best to do it. A biophysical perspective places the economic system into a larger context of the ecologic system. This changes the perception of ethical issues by identifying a larger scope of management decisions. The paper examines the changing ethical landscape in such issues as biotechnology, planned (...)
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  4. J. Agassi (1983). Book Review: The Quest for Self-Determination. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 13 (1):126-128.
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  5. Fernando Aguiar, Pablo Brañas-Garza, Maria Paz Espinosa & Luis M. Miller (2010). Personal Identity: A Theoretical and Experimental Analysis. Journal of Economic Methodology 17 (3):261-275.
    This paper aims to analyze the role of personal identity in altruism. To this end, it starts by reviewing critically the growing literature on economics and identity. Considering the ambiguities that the concept of social identity poses, our proposal focuses on the concept of personal identity. A formal model to study how personal identity enters in individuals' utility function when facing a dictator game decision is then presented. Finally, this ?identity-based? utility function is studied experimentally. The experiment allows us to (...)
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  6. Sabina Alkire (2009). 63 Amartya Sen. In Jan Peil & Irene van Staveren (eds.), Handbook of Economics and Ethics. Edward Elgar.
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  7. Sabina Alkire (2002). Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction. Oxford University Press.
    Sabina Alkire shows how Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen's capability approach can be coherently---and practically---put to work in poverty reduction activities so that the voices and values of the poor matter. This provides economists, philosophers, theologians, and development practitioners with a way forward that addresses both theoretical and practical challenges.
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  8. Tuovi Allén (1988). The Impossibility of the Paretian Liberal and its Relevance to Welfare Economics. Theory and Decision 24 (1):57-76.
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  9. S. M. Amadae (2004). Rationality and Freedom, by Amartya Sen. Harvard University Press 2003. Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):381-389.
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  10. Yoram Amiel, Frank Cowell & Wulf Gaertner (2012). Distributional Orderings: An Approach with Seven Flavors. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 73 (3):381-399.
    We examine individuals’ distributional orderings in a number of contexts. This is done by using a questionnaire-experiment that is presented to respondents in any one of seven “flavors” or interpretations of the basic distributional problem. The flavors include inequality, risk, social welfare and justice.
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  11. Charles W. Amjad-ali (1985). A Theory of Justice for an Ecumenical Praxis: A Critique of Eurocentric Pseudo-Universals. Dissertation, Princeton Theological Seminary
    Since 1966 an impasse has emerged within the ecclesiastical and theological circles of the ecumenical movement. The dividing lines are drawn on a North South basis, and the point at issue is primarily the question of justice. ;In this dissertation we trace out the genealogy of this impasse by doing an archeology of the ecumenical movement, and comparing the movement with its surrounding context. We show that initially the ecumenical movement was started, and dominated by the Anglo-American Churches, and that (...)
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  12. Paul Anand (2011). Capabilities and Happiness, Edited by Luigino Bruni, Flavio Comim and Maurizio Pugno. Oxford University Press, 2008. Vii + 352 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):175-179.
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  13. Paul Anand & Jochen Runde (1997). Rationality and Methodology: Symposium. Journal of Economic Methodology 4 (1).
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  14. Elizabeth Anderson (2008). I—Elizabeth Anderson: Expanding the Egalitarian Toolbox: Equality and Bureaucracy. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):139-160.
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  15. Raymond Kemp Anderson (2015). Biblical Economic Ethics: Sacred Scripture’s Teachings on Economic Life by Albino Barrera. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 35 (1):205-206.
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  16. Richard J. Arneson (1991). A Defense of Equal Opportunity for Welfare. Philosophical Studies 62 (2):187 - 195.
  17. Wil Arts & Romke van der Veen (1992). Sociological Approaches to Distributive and Procedural Justice. In Klaus R. Scherer (ed.), Justice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
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  18. Semen as Gift (2002). Semen as Goods: Reproductive Workers and the Market in Altruism. In Nancy Scheper-Hughes & Loïc J. D. Wacquant (eds.), Commodifying Bodies. Sage Publications.
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  19. Muhammad Asali, Sanjay G. Reddy & Sujata Visaria (2008). Inter-Country Comparisons of Income Poverty Based on a Capability Approach. In Kaushik Basu & Ravi Kanbur (eds.), Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement and Volume Ii: Society, Institutions, and Development. Oxford University Press.
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  20. Andrew Askland (1998). The Sen of Inequality. Journal of Philosophical Research 23:399-415.
    This paper summarizes and critiques Amartya Sen’s use of functionings and capabilities to evaluate inequality and poverty. He judges that “things” and “means” to acquire things are inadequate measurements of poverty. His approach keys upon the functionings that can be performed by the poor and the capability sets that are available to them from which they can choose. Sen’s strategy proposes to enlarge these sets and provide improved functionings within them. Although this approach is preferable to a bare income or (...)
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  21. Judy Attfield (ed.) (1999). Utility Reassessed: The Role of Ethics in the Practice of Design. Distributed Exclusively in the Usa by St. Martin's Press.
    This sparkling collection of essays both defines and reassesses the concept of Utility. Using it as a touchstone for the consideration of the place of ethics in the recent history of design, the collection offers a way into the issues which concern design decision-makers today. It offers previously unpublished research into diverse topics such as the investigation into the hitherto undiscovered designs for a utility vehicle, and it reveals a fresh perspective on the philosophy behind the concept of Utility as (...)
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  22. C. E. Ayres (1935). Moral Confusion in Economics. International Journal of Ethics 45 (2):170-199.
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  23. C. E. Ayres (1935). Moral Confusion in Economics. Ethics 45 (2):170.
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  24. C. E. Ayres (1935). Moral Confusion in Economics. International Journal of Ethics 45 (2):170-199.
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  25. C. E. Ayres (1934). Values: Ethical and Economic. International Journal of Ethics 44 (4):452-454.
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  26. C. E. Ayres (1934). Values: Ethical and Economic. Ethics 44 (4):452.
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  27. C. E. Ayres (1934). Values: Ethical and Economic. International Journal of Ethics 44 (4):452-454.
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  28. Luca Baccelli & Eugenio Lecaldano (2011). L'idea di giustizia di Amartya Sen. Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 24 (3):653-666.
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  29. Jürgen Backhaus (1981). Diskussion/Discussion. The Pareto Principle and Policy Analysis. Analyse & Kritik 3 (2).
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  30. Jürgen Backhaus (1981). The Pareto Principle and Policy Analysis. A Response to Warren Samuels, "The Pareto Principle: Another View". Analyse & Kritik 3 (2):237-246.
    Warren Samuels has suggested that the Pareto Principle, when being used in policy analysis, is limited, selective, and displays a conservative bias. In contrast to this view, in this note it is argued that the Pareto Principle is much less limited than was initially perceived or is generally believed to be the case, that it tends to emphasize inclusiveness instead of selectivity, and that it is more likely to have an innovative instead of a conservative bias.
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  31. Jürgen Backhaus (1980). The Pareto Principle. Analyse & Kritik 2 (2):146-171.
    The purpose of the paper is a discussion of the meaning and relevance of the Pareto principle in economics. To begin with, the principle is briefly retraced in Pareto's own writings. Its contemporary meaning was, however, developed in the context of the "New Welfare Economics". While Pareto technically employed the principle in order to describe an equilibrium situation, Kaldor and Hicks developed it somewhat differently as a yardstick for economic policy formulation. Sometimes, the principle is also discussed as a decision (...)
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  32. Amiya Kumar Bagchi (2008). The Capability Approach and Political Economy of Human Development. In Kaushik Basu & Ravi Kanbur (eds.), Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen: Volume I: Ethics, Welfare, and Measurement and Volume Ii: Society, Institutions, and Development. Oxford University Press.
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  33. Philipp Bagus (2006). Wresting Land From the Sea: An Argument Against Public Goods Theory. Journal of Libertarian Studies 20 (4):21-40.
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  34. Baker C. Edwin (2008). Rawls, Equality, and Democracy. Philosophy and Social Criticism 34 (3):203-246.
    Part I distinguishes epistemic and choice democracy, attributing the first to the Rawls of A Theory of Justice but arguing that the second is more justifiable. Part II argues that in comparison with the difference principle, three principles — equal participation in choice democracy, no subordinating purpose, and a just wants guarantee — constitute a more rational choice in the original position; and that they better provide all the benefits claimed for the difference principle in its comparison with either average (...)
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  35. John Baker (1995). Martha C. Nussbaum and Amartya Sen , "The Quality of Life". [REVIEW] International Journal of Philosophical Studies 3 (1):201.
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  36. John Baker (1994). Amartya Sen, "Inequality Reexamined". [REVIEW] International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (2):371.
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  37. Joseph Baldacchino & Russell Kirk (1985). Economics and the Moral Order. National Humanities Institute.
    This succinct but illuminating book defends the free market, while criticizing a narrowly economistic understanding of man and society. Baldacchino argues that a sound economy has ethical and cultural prerequisites that are integral to its survival. Includes an introduction by Russell Kirk. _From the Introduction: _ “Any society’s moral order develops from its religion, its philosophy, its humane literature. The discipline of political economy, little understood until the latter half of the eighteenth century, is no independent creation: what economic views (...)
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  38. David Barker (2009). The Rocky Road To Paradise: Why Economic Liberalization is Interrupted. Libertarian Papers 1.
    Despite evidence that free market policies improve overall welfare, much of the world is making little progress in reducing state economic controls. Short-term transition costs may be the reason. A simple model demonstrates that it may be rational to weight these costs more heavily than the long-term benefits of economic freedom.
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  39. Drucilla K. Barker & Edith Kuiper (eds.) (2003). Toward a Feminist Philosophy of Economics. Routledge.
    Feminist economists have demonstrated that interrogating hierarchies based on gender, ethnicity, class and nation results in an economics that is biased and more faithful to empirical evidence than are mainstream accounts. This rigorous and comprehensive book examines many of the central philosophical questions and themes in feminist economics including: · History of economics · Feminist science studies · Identity and agency · Caring labor · Postcolonialism and postmodernism With contributions from such leading figures as Nancy Folbre, Julie Nelson and Sandra (...)
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  40. Frederic Bastiat, Government.
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  41. U. Beck & D. Levy (2013). Cosmopolitanized Nations: Re-Imagining Collectivity in World Risk Society. Theory, Culture and Society 30 (2):3-31.
    The concept of the national is often perceived, both in public and academic discourse as the central obstacle for the realization of cosmopolitan orientations. Consequently, debates about the nation tend to revolve around its persistence or its demise. We depart from this either-or perspective by investigating the formation of the ‘cosmopolitan nation’ as a facet of world risk society. Modern collectivities are increasingly preoccupied with debating, preventing and managing risks. However, unlike earlier manifestations of risk characterized by daring actions or (...)
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  42. Charles R. Beitz (2001). Does Global Inequality Matter? Metaphilosophy 32 (1-2):95-112.
  43. Robert Bender (2016). Income Inequality, Equality of Opportunity and Intergenerational Mobility [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 121:22.
    Bender, Robert Review of: Income inequality, equality of opportunity and intergenerational mobility, by Miles Corak, Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn University, 2013, 32 pages.
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  44. Hendrik Van den Berg (2004). The Magnificent Progress Achieved By Capitalism: Is the Evidence Incontrovertible? Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 5 (2):251 - 269.
    Rand's claim that evidence of capitalism's success is "incontrovertible" cannot be confirmed using familiar annual GDP per capita figures. This article argues that annual GDP per capita cannot logically represent individual welfare because it measures an annual income flow while individuals judge their welfare by their lifetime income. Data are available to measure an economy's capacity to enhance individual lifetime welfare. Not only does this measure come closer to Rand's focus on the individual, it also suggests that the past 200 (...)
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  45. Ken Binmore, Interpersonal Comparison of Utility (Pdf 138k).
    ’Tis vain to talk of adding quantities which after the addition will continue to be as distinct as they were before; one man’s happiness will never be another man’s happiness: a gain to one man is no gain to another: you might as well pretend to add 20 apples to 20 pears.
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  46. Ken Binmore (2016). Life and Death. Economics and Philosophy 32 (1):75-97.
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  47. Kenneth G. Binmore (2001). John Broome, Ethics Out of Economics, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1999, Pp. 267. Utilitas 13 (1):127.
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  48. Colin Bird (2001). Book Review. Social Welfare and Individual Responsibility David Schmidtz Robert E. Goodin. [REVIEW] Mind 110 (438):549-552.
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  49. Charles Blackorby & David Donaldson (1991). Adult-Equivalence Scales, Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being, and Applied Welfare Economics. In Jon Elster & John E. Roemer (eds.), Interpersonal Comparisons of Well-Being. Cambridge University Press. pp. 164.
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  50. Richard Bradley (2002). Review: Ethics Out of Economics. [REVIEW] Mind 111 (444):837-841.
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