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  1. added 2020-04-24
    R Calderón Cuadrado, Armonía de Interéses y Modernidad. Radicales Del Pensamiento Económico. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1999 - European Journal of the History of Economic Thought 6 (4):652-653.
    I suggest that the image of Adam Smith suffers from an emphasis on the role of “utilitarian calculus”, besides on overlooking the role of a “Stoic” point of view from which vanity, selfishness, and even enlightened self-interest are ultimately valueless, and finally a restricted view of prudence.
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  2. added 2020-04-23
    JB Davis, The Theory of the Individual in Economics. Identity and Value. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2004 - History of Economic Ideas 12 (3):125-129.
    I argue that Adam Smith does more than providing an account of competitive behavior loosely linked to an underlying psychology since the joint between the complex psychology of The Theory of Moral Sentiments and the invisible hand pages in The Wealth of Nations explains why some of the basest affections, greed and ambition, prevail over other tendencies in certain social groups, namely merchants and manufacturers, in a commercial and urban society.
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  3. added 2020-04-19
    Review of D. Wilson and W. Dixon, A History of Homo Economicus. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2012 - History of Economic Ideas 19 (3):224-227.
    A critical discussion of DAVID WILSON and WILLIAM DIXON, A History of Homo Economicus. The nature of the moral in economic theory, London and New York, Routledge, pp. xviii+123 ISBN 978-0-415-59568-1. I declare agreement with one basic idea in this book, that economic discourse is performative, or economic theory is not pure theorìa. I add several objections to the historical reconstruction carried out os such authors as Malthus and Ricardo and I object to the definition adopted of homo economicus.
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  4. added 2020-03-10
    The Implicit Morality of the Market Is Consequentialist.Marc A. Cohen & Dean Peterson - 2020 - Business Ethics Journal Review 7 (4):21-26.
    Joseph Heath states that our paper “misinterpret[s]” and so misrepresents his account. The present Commentary corrects the record. Our paper (Cohen and Peterson 2019) outlined Heath’s account on his own terms; it explained that Heath distances himself from consequentialism. But then we argued that Heath is mistaken and so offered a repaired version of the market failures approach. Our central concern, in the original paper and in this short Commentary, is showing that the economic argument for markets is at the (...)
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  5. added 2020-03-09
    Generalized Trust in Taiwan and (as Evidence for) Hirschman’s Doux Commerce Thesis.Marc A. Cohen - 2020 - Social Theory and Practice 46 (1):1-25.
    Data from the World Values Survey shows that generalized trust in Mainland China—trust in out-group members—is very low, but generalized trust in Taiwan is much higher. The present article argues that positive interactions with out-group members in the context of Taiwan’s export-oriented economy fostered generalized trust—and so explains this difference. This line of argument provides evidence for Albert O. Hirschman’s doux commerce thesis, that market interaction can improve persons and even stabilize the social order. The present article defends this point (...)
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  6. added 2020-02-11
    Ethics Out of Economics.Richard Bradley - 2002 - Mind 111 (444):837-841.
  7. added 2020-02-11
    The Moral Dimension: Toward a New Economics.Hamish Stewart - 1990 - Ethics 101 (1):205-206.
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  8. added 2020-02-11
    Beyond Economics: Essays on Society, Religion, and Ethics.Darnell Rucker - 1969 - Ethics 79 (3):243-244.
  9. added 2020-02-11
    The Open Society and Its Enemies. K. R. Popper.Robert Strausz-Hupe - 1948 - Philosophy of Science 15 (3):269-271.
  10. added 2019-12-28
    Whately, Richard.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2006 - In Virgilio Melchiorre (ed.), Enciclopedia Filosofica. Milan, Italy: Bompiani. pp. 12353-12354.
    A short presentation of Richard Whately's ideas on logic, method, and the status of political economy.
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  11. added 2019-12-26
    Adam Smith, l'economia politica e la filosofia morale.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1982 - In Luigi Ruggiu (ed.), Genesi dello spazio economico. Napoli, Italy: Guida. pp. 147-184.
    The paper discusses the relationship between Adam Smith’s economic doctrines and his ethical doctrines in the light of the “Lectures on Jurisprudence”. The main claim is a comparatively autonomous status of economic discourse, an autonomy granted not by dismissal of ethical claims but instead precisely by a given constellation of claims, on liberty, justice, equality, prudence and benevolence.
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  12. added 2019-09-09
    Minimal Morality, Bargaining Power, and Moral Constraint: Replies to D’Agostino, Thrasher, Morris, and Vanderschraaf.Michael Moehler - 2020 - Analytic Philosophy 61 (1):87-100.
    The history of contractarian moral theory is long and varied. It includes the classic social contract theories of Hobbes (1651), Hume (1739/1740), and Kant (1785) as well as modern versions of these theories, such as those of Gauthier (1986), Scanlon (1998), Darwall (2006), and Southwood (2010). In Minimal Morality: A Multilevel Social Contract Theory (2018), I continue this tradition by developing a ‘multilevel social contract theory’ that combines Humean, Hobbesian, and Kantian moral features. In this article, I reply to comments (...)
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  13. added 2019-08-25
    Would Legalizing Torture Result in Too Many Cases of Torture? Rare Counterexamples.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    The economist David K. Levine claims that if a government of a country makes torture legal, the inevitable result will be torture that is out of control. I point out an inconsistency in his approach to torture. I then argue that we should be open to rare counterexamples to his claim and describe a kind of counterexample.
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  14. added 2019-06-24
    Morali, economie, giochi linguistici.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1993 - In Mauro Magatti (ed.), La porta stretta. Etica ed economia negli anni '90. Milano, Italy: Franco Angeli. pp. 131-150.
    Recent popularity of the relationship of 'ethics' and 'economics' is at once revealing and misleading. It marks the withering away of a dogmatic confidence in a self-regulating and water-proof economic 'sphere'. It is also a muddled way of treating a number of interrelated but different issues: the interrelations between moralities (as historically given institutions) and markets (as partially self-regulating socially institutionalized mechanisms), the relationship between ethics and economic theory, and finally issues of distributive justice.
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  15. added 2019-06-07
    Review of The Economy of Esteem: An Essay on Civil and Political Society. [REVIEW]Diego Rios - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (2):307-312.
  16. added 2019-06-07
    Review of Happiness: Lessons from a New Science. [REVIEW]Adam Oliver - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (2):299-307.
  17. added 2019-06-06
    On the Axiomatics of Resource Allocation: Interpreting the Consistency Principle: William Thomson.William Thomson - 2012 - Economics and Philosophy 28 (3):385-421.
    An allocation rule is ‘consistent’ if the recommendation it makes for each problem ‘agrees’ with the recommendation it makes for each associated reduced problem, obtained by imagining some agents leaving with their assignments. Some authors have described the consistency principle as a ‘fairness principle’. Others have written that it is not about fairness, that it should be seen as an ‘operational principle’. We dispute the particular fairness interpretations that have been offered for consistency, but develop a different and important fairness (...)
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  18. added 2019-06-06
    New Financial Horizons: The Emergence of an Economy of Communion. [REVIEW]Mary Hirschfeld - 2012 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 9 (1):193-195.
  19. added 2019-06-06
    Freedom to Choose and Democracy: The Empirical Question: Robin Harding.Robin Harding - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (3):221-245.
    Intuitively it would seem that choice is important for democracy. Yet the empirical question, whether people actually do value facing distinct platforms when they vote, remains open. In this paper I seek to remedy that situation by systematically addressing the question using cross-national survey data. Specifically, I investigate whether satisfaction with democracy depends on the number and/or the substance of the choices that are available to people when they vote. The analysis offers strong support for the idea that what matters (...)
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    Philosophical Egoism: Its Nature and Limitations: Hans Bernhard Schmid.Hans Bernhard Schmid - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (2):217-240.
    Egoism and altruism are unequal contenders in the explanation of human behaviour. While egoism tends to be viewed as natural and unproblematic, altruism has always been treated with suspicion, and it has often been argued that apparent cases of altruistic behaviour might really just be some special form of egoism. The reason for this is that egoism fits into our usual theoretical views of human behaviour in a way that altruism does not. This is true on the biological level, where (...)
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    The Moral Basis of Prosperity and Oppression: Altruism, Other-Regarding Behaviour and Identity: Kaushik Basu.Kaushik Basu - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (2):189-216.
    Much of economics is built on the assumption that individuals are driven by self-interest and economic development is an outcome of the free play of such individuals. On the few occasions that the existence of altruism is recognized in economics, the tendency is to build this from the axiom of individual selfishness. The aim of this paper is to break from this tradition and to treat as a primitive that individuals are endowed with the ‘cooperative spirit’, which allows them to (...)
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    Eager for Fairness or for Revenge? Psychological Altruism in Economics: Christine Clavien and Rebekka A. Klein.Christine Clavien - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):267-290.
    To understand the human capacity for psychological altruism, one requires a proper understanding of how people actually think and feel. This paper addresses the possible relevance of recent findings in experimental economics and neuroeconomics to the philosophical controversy over altruism and egoism. After briefly sketching and contextualizing the controversy, we survey and discuss the results of various studies on behaviourally altruistic helping and punishing behaviour, which provide stimulating clues for the debate over psychological altruism. On closer analysis, these studies prove (...)
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  23. added 2019-06-06
    Review of Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis. [REVIEW]Daniel M. Haybron - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):217-223.
  24. added 2019-06-06
    On Mutual Benefit and Sacrifice: A Comment on Bruni and Sugden's ‘Fraternity’: Benedetto Gui.Benedetto Gui - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):179-185.
    This note comments on Bruni and Sugden's interesting notion of fraternity among contract partners as joint commitment to cooperate for mutual benefit. I raise two points on their paper, both concerning the role of sacrifice. First I maintain that, differently from other social preferences, guilt aversion does not imply self-sacrifice. Secondly, I argue that aiming for mutual benefit does not prevent individuals from facing trade-offs between their own and their partners’ surplus, so the notion of sacrifice cannot be entirely eschewed. (...)
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  25. added 2019-06-06
    How Changes in One's Preferences Can Affect One's Freedom : A Reply to Dowding and Van Hees: Ian Carter and Matthew H. Kramer.Ian Carter - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (1):81-96.
    How is a person's freedom related to his or her preferences? Liberal theorists of negative freedom have generally taken the view that the desire of a person to do or not do something is irrelevant to the question of whether he is free to do it. Supporters of the “pure negative” conception of freedom have advocated this view in its starkest form: they maintain that a person is unfree to Φ if and only if he is prevented from Φ-ing by (...)
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  26. added 2019-06-06
    Imagining Interest in Political Thought: Origins of Economic Rationality. [REVIEW]Regenia Gagnier - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (6):907-909.
  27. added 2019-06-06
    Sympathy and Approbation in Hume and Smith: A Solution to the Other Rational Species Problem 1.David M. Levy & Sandra J. Peart - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (2):331-349.
    David Hume's sympathetic principle applies to physical equals. In his account, we sympathize with those like us. By contrast, Adam Smith's sympathetic principle induces equality. We consider Hume's “other rational species” problem to see whether Smith's wider sympathetic principle would alter Hume's conclusion that “superior” beings will enslave “inferior” beings. We show that Smith introduces the notion of “generosity,” which functions as if it were Hume's justice even when there is no possibility of contract.
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    Homo Economicus, ‘Different Voices,’ and the Liberal Psyche.Lisa Hill - 1999 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (1):21-46.
    This paper extends the sensibilities of the Gilligan-Kohlberg debate into classical political economy and makes links with modern psychotherapeutics and the psychological development of individuals. The model of moral maturity represented in contemporary psychological theories is posited as the direct descendant, not only of Immanuel Kant, as is generally argued, but also of the universal, homogenous agent of classical economics; the ‘rational economic man’ representedin the writings of Adam Smith and J. S. Mill. Both thinkers lent their support to the (...)
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    Homo Œconomicus, Social Order, and the Ethics of Otherness.Christian Arnsperger - 1999 - Ethical Perspectives 6 (2):139-149.
    Economics is often believed to be a `value-free' discipline, and even an `a-moral' one. My aim is to demonstrate that homo œconomicus can recover his ethical nature if the philosophical roots of contemporary economics are laid bare. This, however, requires us to look for an alternative foundation for the idea of `social order,' a foundation which economics is ill-equipped to provide because of its exclusive focus on calculative rationality. But a new ethical perspective on homo œconomicus and on the manner (...)
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    Symposium on the Rationing of Health Care: 2 Rationing Medical Care — A Philosopher's Perspective on Outcomes and Process: Norman Daniels.Norman Daniels - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (1):27-50.
  31. added 2019-06-06
    Grounding Hypernorms: Toward a Contractarian Theory of Business Ethics: John R. Rowan.John R. Rowan - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (1):107-112.
  32. added 2019-06-06
    Integrative Social Contracts Theory: Thomas Donaldson & Thomas W. Dunfee.Thomas Donaldson - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (1):85-112.
    Difficult moral issues in economic life, such as evaluating the impact of hostile takeovers and plant relocations or determining the obligations of business to the environment, constitute the raison d'etre of business ethics. Yet, while the ultimate resolution of such issues clearly requires detailed, normative analysis, a shortcoming of business ethics is that to date it has failed to develop an adequate normative theory. 1 The failing is especially acute when it results in an inability to provide a basis for (...)
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    Reading Adam Smith's Texts on Morals and Wealth: Vivienne Brown.Vivienne Brown - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (2):344-351.
    In his Comment ‘Adam Smith on the Morality of the Pursuit of Fortune’, Richard Arlen Kleer accepts much of the argument in my article ‘Signifying Voices’ but insists that I have ‘gone too far’. Kleer agrees that there is a moral hierarchy in Adam Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments where benevolence and self-command are ranked higher than justice and prudence, but he is uneasy with the conclusion that economic activity and the pursuit of gain are ‘amoral’ activities and insists that (...)
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  34. added 2019-06-06
    Law as a Private Good: A Response to Tyler Cowen on the Economics of Anarchy: David D. Friedman.David D. Friedman - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (2):319-327.
  35. added 2019-06-06
    Adam Smith on the Morality of the Pursuit of Fortune: Richard A. Kleer.Richard Arlen Kleer - 1993 - Economics and Philosophy 9 (2):289-295.
  36. added 2019-06-06
    Money and Value: On The Ethics and Economics of Finance: Amartya Sen.Amartya Sen - 1993 - Economics and Philosophy 9 (2):203-227.
    I feel deeply honored and privileged to have the opportunity of giving the first Baffi Lecture at the Bank of Italy. Paolo Baffi was not only a distinguished banker and financial expert, he was also a remarkable economist and a visionary social thinker. He had outstanding technical expertise in many different fields, but combined his intellectual eminence with a profound sense of values. As Governor Ciampi put it at the general meeting of the Bank of Italy last May, Paolo Baffi (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-06
    Law as a Public Good: The Economics of Anarchy: Tyler Cowen.Tyler Cowen - 1992 - Economics and Philosophy 8 (2):249-267.
    Various writers in the Western liberal and libertarian tradition have challenged the argument that enforcement of law and protection of property rights are public goods that must be provided by governments. Many of these writers argue explicitly for the provision of law enforcement services through private market relations.
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    What Walrasian Marxism Can and Cannot Do * Article Author Query * Roemer J [Google Scholar].John Roemer - 1992 - Economics and Philosophy 8 (1):149-156.
    In their article “Roemer's ‘General’ Theory of Exploitation is a Special Case: The Limits of Walrasian Marxism,” Devine and Dymski portray me as some sort of Walrasian automaton who believes that phenomena that are not easily modelled using the Walrasian model of perfect competition do not exist. Their criticism of my theory assumes that I was attempting to model capitalism in its entirety, a task that, I agree, I failed to do. I did not propose a theory of accumulation, or (...)
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  39. added 2019-06-06
    Signifying Voices: Reading the “Adam Smith Problem”: Vivienne Brown.Vivienne Brown - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (2):187-220.
    The “Adam Smith problem” has traditionally been concerned with the issue of authorial integrity: the issue of how a single author, Adam Smith, could have written two such apparently dissimilar, even contradictory, works as The Theory of Moral Sentiments and The Wealth of Nations. As the problem to be resolved was the single authorial origin of two such works, the perceived incompatibilities between them were explained in terms of Smith's intellectual biography – for example, Smith's travels to France, Smith's meetings (...)
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    Beyond Self-Interest and Altruism: A Reconstruction of Adam Smith's Theory of Human Conduct: Elias L. Khalil.Elias L. Khalil - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):255-273.
    I attempt a reconstruction of Adam Smith's view of human nature as explicated in The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Smith's view of human conduct is neither functionalist nor reductionist, but interactionist. The moral autonomy of the individual, conscience, is neither made a function of public approval nor reduced to self-contained impulses of altruism and egoism. Smith does not see human conduct as a blend of independently defined impulses. Rather, conduct is unified, by the underpinning sentiment of sympathy.
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    The Economic Efficiency and Equity of Abortion: Thomas J. Meeks.Thomas J. Meeks - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (1):95-138.
    On the face of it, the protracted public controversy over abortion in the United States and elsewhere might seem to rest on intractable normative questions inaccessible to economic analysis. But an influential early essay in the now sizable philosophical literature on the subject suggests otherwise. Judith Jarvis Thomson disarmingly inclined toward the view that “the fetus has already become a human person well before birth”,. presumably with all the rights pertaining thereto. She denied, however, that such rights necessarily include use (...)
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  42. added 2019-06-06
    Preferences And Voting Behavior: Smith's Impartial Spectator Revisited: Edward Saraydar.Edward Saraydar - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (1):121-125.
    Why do people expend resources to vote in large-number situations where the probability of their affecting the outcome is close to zero? In a recent article, Geoffrey Brennan and Loren Lomasky argue provocatively that Adam Smith's The Theory of Moral Sentiments not only predicts such behavior, but further predicts that people “frequently” vote for outcomes that cost them more than they would individually be willing to pay. In other words, in the relevant environment, they claim that individuals will systematically express (...)
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  43. added 2019-06-06
    William Whewell and John Stuart Mill on the Methodology of Political Economy.Samuel Hollander - 1983 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 14 (2):127.
  44. added 2019-06-06
    The Open Society and its Enemies.Karl Popper - 1945 - London: Princeton University Press.
    This is the second of two volumes of The Open Society and Its Enemies .
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  45. added 2019-06-06
    Ethical Aspects of Economics. I.W. R. Sorley - 1906 - Ethics 17:1.
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  46. added 2019-06-05
    Book ReviewJohn Foster,, Ed. Valuing Nature? Economics, Ethics, and the Environment. New York: Routledge, 1997. Pp. Xi+273. $85.00 ; $25.99. [REVIEW]Bryan G. Norton - 2001 - Ethics 111 (3):630-632.
  47. added 2019-05-19
    Malthus and Ricardo on Economic Methodology.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi & Marcelo Dascal - 1996 - History of Political Economy 28 (3):475-511.
    The paper is a comparative study of the methodologies of Malthus and Ricardo. Its claims are: (i) economic laws almost always admit of exceptions for Malthus; for Ricardo even contingent predictions allow no exception apart from random temporary variations; (ii) both rely on the prestigious Newtonian paradigm, while interpreting it according to two distinct methodological traditions (the one deriving from MacLaurin, the other from Priestley); (iii) the choice of stressing what happens during intervals or in permanent states leads to opposing (...)
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  48. added 2019-05-02
    Is Meat the New Tobacco? Regulating Food Demand in the Age of Climate Change.Lingxi Chenyang - 2019 - Environmental Law Reporter 49.
    Switching from a meat-heavy to a plant-based diet is one of the highest-impact lifestyle changes for climate mitigation and adaptation. Conventional demand-side energy policy has focused on increasing consumption of efficient machines and fuels. Regulating food demand has key advantages. First, food consumption is biologically constrained, thus switching to more efficient foods avoids unintended consequences of switching to more efficient machines, like higher overall energy consumption. Second, food consumption, like smoking, is primed for norm- shifting because it occurs in socially (...)
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  49. added 2019-04-17
    Legge di natura e scienza economica.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2000 - Quaderni Storici 35 (3):697-730.
    I argue that the difference between the 17th century new moral science and Scholastic Natural Law Theory derived primarily from the skeptical challenge the former had to face. Pufendorf's project of a 'scientia practica universalis' was the paramount expression of an anti-skeptical moral science, a «science» both explanatory and normative, but also anti-dogmatic in so far as it tried to base its laws on those basic phenomena of human life that supposedly were outside the scope of skeptical doubt. Of the (...)
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  50. added 2019-04-05
    Adam Smith antiutilitarista.Sergio Cremaschi - 2005 - la Società Degli Individui 8 (24):17-32.
    I argue that Adam Smith, far from being a utilitarian as claimed by Alain Caillé, was instead a semi-sceptical philosopher who defended a pluralistic normative ethics of prudence, justice, benevolence, and, far from being the founder of the science of a system self-produced by the interaction of individual self-interests, was a sharp critic of the practices of the commercial society of his time in the name of liberty, justice, and equality. In a word, was from being the putative father of (...)
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