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  1. Modelling Society on a Family and Its Implications for Inequalities.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Ingrid Robeyns (ed.), Economic and Ecological Inequalities: Pluralist Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press.
    I investigate which inequalities are permissible on the supposition that an ideal society would be modelled on an ideal family. One idea salient in the African and East Asian philosophical traditions is that the right sort of socio-political interaction would be similar to the intuitive ways that family members ought to relate to each other. I answer the question of what principles implicit in familial relationships entail for economic and ecological inequalities, and contend that the implications are plausible.
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  2. Relational Foundations for Global Egalitarianism and Cosmopolitan Inclusion.João Pinheiro - 2020 - International Journal of Philosophy and Social Values 1 (3):13-34.
    Multiple authors have argued that moral cosmopolitanism, the thesis that every human has a global stature as an ultimate unit of moral concern, is compatible with domestic egalitarianism. This is because they believe that from equal concern does not follow equal treatment, and it might be possible to impartially justify partial treatment. Some such attempts at justifying restricting the scope of egalitarian demands of distributive justice to the state proceed by application of Rawls’s principle of fairness to the provision of (...)
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  3. Relational Egalitarianism and Democracy.Alexander Motchoulski - 2021 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 18 (6):620-649.
    Relational egalitarians argue that democratic institutions are justified by appeal to relational equality. According to the skeptical challenge, equality of political power is not required for relational equality, and the relational egalitarian case for democracy fails. I defend the relational egalitarian justification of democracy. I develop an analysis of social status and show that inequalities of power will not entail inequalities of status. I then show that inequalities of power will robustly cause inequalities of status and argue that this vindicates (...)
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  4. Kant and Slavery—Or Why He Never Became a Racial Egalitarian.Huaping Lu-Adler - forthcoming - Critical Philosophy of Race.
    According to an oft-repeated narrative, while Kant maintained racist views through the 1780s, he changed his mind in the 1790s. Pauline Kleingeld introduced this narrative based on passages from Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals (1797) and “Toward Perpetual Peace” (1795). On her reading, Kant categorically condemned chattel slavery (and colonialism) in those texts, which meant that he became more racially egalitarian. But the passages involving slavery, once contextualized, either do not concern modern, race-based chattel slavery or at best suggest that Kant (...)
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  5. The case for egalitarian consciousness raising in higher education.Gina Schouten - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-24.
    Many college teachers believe that teaching can promote justice. Meanwhile, many in the broader American public disparage college classrooms as spaces of left-wing partisanship. This paper engages with that charge of partisanship. Section 1 introduces the charge. Then, in Sect. 2, I consider what teaching for justice should aim to do. I argue that selective institutions of higher education impose positional costs on members of a generation who do not attend them, and that those positional costs accrue not only in (...)
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  6. Deweyan Growth, Egalitarianism, and Rawls.Winston C. Thompson - 2018 - Philosophy of Education 74:346-350.
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  7. Is Deweyan Growth Egalitarian?Nicolas Tanchuk - 2018 - Philosophy of Education 74:333-345.
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  8. An Argument for All‐Luck Egalitarianism.Carl Knight - 2021 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 49 (4):350-378.
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  9. A Defense of Pluralist Egalitarianism Under Severe Uncertainty: Axiomatic Characterization☆.Akira Inoue & Kaname Miyagishima - forthcoming - Wiley: Journal of Political Philosophy.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  10. Distributing the Harm of Just Wars: In Defence of an Egalitarian Baseline.Sara Van Goozen - 2021 - Routledge.
    This book argues that the risk of harm in armed conflict should be divided equally between combatants and enemy non-combatants. International law requires that combatants in war take 'all feasible precautions' to minimise damage to civilian objects, injury to civilians, and incidental loss of civilian life. However, there is no clear explanation of what 'feasible precautions' means in this context, or what would count as sufficiently minimised incidental harm. As a result, it is difficult to judge whether a particular war (...)
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  11. Equality Renewed: Justice, Flourishing and the Egalitarian Ideal.Christine Sypnowich - 2016 - Routledge.
    How should we approach the daunting task of renewing the ideal of equality? In this book, Christine Sypnowich proposes a theory of equality centred on human flourishing or wellbeing. She argues that egalitarianism should be understood as seeking to make people more equal in the constituents of a good life. Inequality is a social ill because of the damage it does to human flourishing: unequal distribution of wealth can have the effect that some people are poorly housed, badly nourished, ill-educated, (...)
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  12. The Egalitarian Spirit of Christianity: The Sacred Roots of American and British Government.Stephen Strehle - 2009 - Routledge.
    "Strehle explores some of the most cherished political ideals of modern society, including equality and democracy, liberty and natural rights, progress and capitalism, federalism and mixed government. He has no illusions about forging an exhaustive study that includes all possible forces - inside or outside the religious community. He does not dismiss the vital contribution of other possible sources of inspiration from the world of religion or undermine the well-established place of "secular" sources. Instead Strehle demonstrates that certain ideas associated (...)
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  13. Le Postulat de l'Égalité Et la Démocratie À Venir.Patrice Vermeren - 2008 - Diogène 4:60-77.
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  14. Egalitarian vs. Elitist Plenitude.Uriah Kriegel - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-16.
    A number of prominent metaphysicians have recently defended the idea of material plenitude: wherever there is one material object, there is in fact a great multitude of them, all coincident and sharing many properties, but differing in which of these properties they have essentially and which accidentally. The main goal of this paper is to put on the agenda an important theoretical decision that plenitudinists face, regarding whether their plenitude is egalitarian or elitist, depending on whether or not they take (...)
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  15. Relational Egalitarianism, Paternalism, Adults and Children: A Puzzle.Bengtson Andreas - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    Relational egalitarianism is a theory of justice according to which people must relate as equals. However, not any inegalitarian relation is unjust, i.e., the fact that parents do not relate as equals to their children is not unjust. Whereas an adult treating another adult paternalistically is objectionable from the point of view of relational egalitarianism, parent-child paternalism is not. What may explain this difference in judgment? I refer to this as the Puzzle. I discuss four justifications of the Puzzle and (...)
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  16. Positive Egalitarianism Reconsidered.Gustaf Arrhenius & Julia Mosquera - 2022 - Utilitas 34 (1):19-38.
    According to positive egalitarianism, not only do relations of inequality have negative value, as negative egalitarians claim, but relations of equality also have positive value. The egalitarian value of a population is a function of both pairwise relations of inequality and pairwise relations of equality. Positive and negative egalitarianism diverge, especially in different-number cases. Hence, an investigation of positive egalitarianism might shed new light on the vexed topic of population ethics and our duties to future generations. We shall here, in (...)
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  17. Republicanism and/or Relational Egalitarianism?Andreas Bengtson - forthcoming - Social Theory and Practice.
    What is the relationship between republicanism and relational egalitarianism? According to Andreas Schmidt, republicanism, in particular Pettit’s theory of republicanism, is able to capture some relations as objectionable which relational egalitarianism cannot, to wit, relations of mutual domination. This shows that relational egalitarianism is inadequate. In this paper, I explore the relationship between republicanism and relational egalitarianism and argue, first, that Schmidt is wrong. Relational egalitarianism, on a plausible understanding, does object to relations of mutual domination. I then argue that (...)
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  18. Differential Voting Weights and Relational Egalitarianism.Andreas Bengtson - 2020 - Political Studies 68 (4):1054-1070.
    Two prominent relational egalitarians, Elizabeth Anderson and Niko Kolodny, object to giving people in a democratic community differential voting weights on the grounds that doing so would lead to unequal relations between them. Their claim is that deviating from a “one-person, one-vote” scheme is incompatible with realizing relational egalitarian justice. In this article, I argue that they are wrong. I do so by showing that people can relate as moral, epistemic, social, and empirical equals in a scheme with differential voting (...)
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  19. Rethinking the Ethics of Pandemic Rationing: Egalitarianism and Avoiding Wrongs.Alex James Miller Tate - 2022 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 31 (2):247-255.
    This paper argues that we ought to rethink the harm-reduction prioritization strategy that has shaped early responses to acute resource scarcity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Although some authors have claimed that “[t]here are no egalitarians in a pandemic,” it is noted here that many observers and commentators have been deeply concerned about how prioritization policies that proceed on the basis of survival probability may unjustly distribute the burden of mortality and morbidity, even while reducing overall deaths. The paper further argues (...)
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  20. What Should Relational Egalitarians Believe?Anne-Sofie Greisen Hojlund - 2022 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 21 (1):55-74.
    Many find that the objectionable nature of paternalism has something to do with belief. However, since it is commonly held that beliefs are directly governed by epistemic as opposed to moral norms, how could it be objectionable to hold paternalistic beliefs about others if they are supported by the evidence? Drawing on central elements of relational egalitarianism, this paper attempts to bridge this gap. In a first step, it argues that holding paternalistic beliefs about others implies a failure to regard (...)
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  21. Marie de Gournay, une philosophie des égalités, à l’aube du XVIIe siècle.Isabelle Krier - 2022 - Cités 1:103-118.
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  22. In the Shadow of Rawls: Egalitarianism Today.Peter Stone - 2022 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 25 (1):157-168.
    Two recent collections of papers—Social Equality: On What It Means to Be Equals, edited by Carina Fourie, Fabian Schuppert, and Ivo Wallimann-Helmer and The Equal Society: Essays on Equality in Theory and Practice, edited by George Hull —demonstrate well the wide diversity of perspectives on egalitarianism within political theory today. But there are unifying themes amidst all this diversity. In particular, these collections make plain the extent to which contemporary egalitarianism in all forms is indebted to Rawls. This debt is (...)
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  23. Methodological Egalitarianism and the Task of a Critical Theory.Matthew Lampert - 2022 - Constellations 29 (1):48-64.
    Constellations, Volume 29, Issue 1, Page 48-64, March 2022.
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  24. Public Reason and Political Autonomy: Realizing the Ideal of a Civic People.Blain Neufeld - 2022 - London, UK: Routledge.
    This book advances a novel justification for the idea of "public reason": citizens within diverse societies can realize the ideal of shared political autonomy, despite their adherence to different religious and philosophical views, by deciding fundamental political questions with "public reasons." Public reasons draw upon or are derived from ecumenical political ideas, such as toleration and equal citizenship, and mutually acceptable forms of reasoning, like those of the sciences. This book explains that if citizens share equal political autonomy—and thereby constitute (...)
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  25. Methodological Egalitarianism and the Task of a Critical Theory.Matthew Lampert - 2022 - Constellations 29 (1):48-64.
    Constellations, Volume 29, Issue 1, Page 48-64, March 2022.
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  26. Revealing Invisible Inequalities in Egalitarian Political Theory.Leon Schlüter - forthcoming - Journal of Global Ethics:1-18.
    In this paper, I consider what one might call a negative-critical turn in egalitarian political theorizing, according to which egalitarians should not begin with a positive account of how a society...
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  27. The Loving State.Adam Lovett - 2022 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    I explore the idea that the state should love its citizens. It should not be indifferent towards them. Nor should it merely respect them. It should love them. We begin by looking at the bases of this idea. First, it can be grounded by a concern with state subordination. The state has enormous power over its citizens. This threatens them with subordination. Love ameliorates this threat. Second, it can be grounded by the state's lack of moral status. We all have (...)
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  28. A Liberal-Egalitarian Legitimacy Principle for the Firm.Pedro Francés-Gómez - 2021 - In Luise Li Langergaard (ed.), New Economies for Sustainability: Limits and Potentials for Possible Futures. Springer Verlag. pp. 153-176.
    This chapter focuses on the moral legitimacy of corporations as a key element of a sustainable economy. In particular, the chapter explores the prospects of a liberal principle of corporate legitimacy. The liberal principle for corporate legitimacy draws upon Rawls’s liberal principle of political legitimacy as stated in Political Liberalism. The principle is justified by a hypothetical social-contract argument at the level of the firm. The main contention of the chapter is that, by means of a disciplined use of the (...)
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  29. Migration und Armut.Frodo Podschwadek - 2021 - In Gottfried Schweiger & Clemens Sedmak (eds.), Handbuch Philosophie Und Armut. J.B. Metzler. pp. 354-362.
    Migration und Armut sind eng miteinander verbunden. Für die meisten Migrant*innen ist Armut der Grund, ihre Heimat zu verlassen, um anderswo ein günstigeres wirtschaftliches Umfeld zu finden. Der Internationalen Organisation für Migration zufolge lag die Zahl der sogenannten Arbeitsmigrant*innen im Jahr 2015 weltweit bei 150,3 Millionen, bei einer Gesamtzahl von 247,6 Millionen Migrant* innen. Diese Zahlen erfassen Migrant* innen mit offizieller Arbeitserlaubnis und es ist anzunehmen, dass die Zahl von Arbeitsmigrant*innen ohne legale Dokumente deutlich höher ist.
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  30. A Defense of Pluralist Egalitarianism Under Severe Uncertainty: Axiomatic Characterization☆.Akira Inoue & Kaname Miyagishima - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  31. Egalitarian Aristotelianism: Common Interest, Justice, and the Art of Politics.Eleni Leontsini - 2021 - Φιλοσοφία 1 (51):171-186.
  32. Egalitarian Vs. Elitist Material Plenitude.Uriah Kriegel - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    A number of prominent metaphysicians have recently defended the idea of material plenitude: wherever there is one material object, there is in fact a great multitude of them, all coincident and sharing many properties, but differing in which of these properties they have essentially and which accidentally. The main goal of this paper is to put on the agenda an important theoretical decision that plenitudinists face, regarding whether their plenitude is egalitarian or elitist, depending on whether or not they take (...)
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  33. Egalitarian Trade Justice.James Christensen - forthcoming - Moral Philosophy and Politics.
    This article begins by distinguishing between two approaches to egalitarian trade justice – the explicative approach and the applicative approach – and notes that the former has been used to defend conclusions that are less strongly egalitarian than those defended by advocates of the latter. The article then engages with the primary explicative account of trade egalitarianism – that offered by Aaron James – and argues that its egalitarian conclusions are unduly minimalistic. The aim of the article is not to (...)
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  34. Genealogy and Politics of Equality: Pierre Rosanvallon's Relational Egalitarianism.Johannes Hoerning - 2022 - Wiley: Constellations 29 (1):34-47.
    Constellations, Volume 29, Issue 1, Page 34-47, March 2022.
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  35. An Egalitarian Account of Composition and Realization.Gualtiero Piccinini - 2022 - The Monist 105 (2):276-292.
    I argue that wholes are neither identical to nor distinct from their parts. Instead, wholes are invariants under some transformations in their parts. Similarly, higher-level properties are neither identical to nor distinct from their lower-level realizers. Instead, higher-level properties are aspects of their realizers that are invariant under some transformations in their realizers. Nowhere in this picture is there any ontological hierarchy between levels of composition or realization. Neither wholes nor their parts are more fundamental. Neither is prior. Neither reduces (...)
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  36. The Egalitarian Sublime: A Process Philosophy.James Williams - 2019 - Edinburgh University Press.
    We call sublime those things and experiences supposed to be the very best. But what if the best actually leads to inequality and exploitation? Williams critiques the sublime over its long history and in recent returns to sublime nature and technologies. Deploying a new critical method that draws on process philosophy, he shows how the sublime has always led to inequality. This holds true even where it underpins ideas of cosmopolitan enlightenment, and even when refined by Burke, Kant, Nietzsche, Schopenhauer (...)
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  37. Taking Back Control.Robert Jubb - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-22.
    Contemporary egalitarian political philosophy has become increasingly interested in the ways the international order may protect or undermine states’ capacities to deliver domestic egalitarianism. This paper draws on Miriam Ronzoni’s helpful discussion of the various different ways in which both philosophical and practical commitments can move beyond a contrast between a world of closed societies and a cosmopolis to explore how successful the theorizing prompted by that interest has been. Problems scholars like Peter Mair and Wolfgang Streeck have suggested the (...)
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  38. From Surplus Fairness to Prospect Fairness: Why a Deeply Egalitarian Social Union is Indispensable for a Free Europe.Eszter Kollar - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  39. Genealogy and Politics of Equality: Pierre Rosanvallon's Relational Egalitarianism.Johannes Hoerning - 2022 - Wiley: Constellations 29 (1):34-47.
    Constellations, Volume 29, Issue 1, Page 34-47, March 2022.
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  40. The Virtues of Limits.David McPherson - 2022 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Human beings seek to transcend limits. This is part of our potential greatness, since it is how we can realize what is best in our humanity. However, the limit-transcending feature of human life is also part of our potential downfall, as it can lead to dehumanization and failure to attain important human goods and to prevent human evils. Exploring the place of limits within a well-lived human life this work develops and defends an original account of limiting virtues, which are (...)
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  41. The Virtues of Limits.David McPherson - 2022 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Human beings seek to transcend limits. This is part of our potential greatness, since it is how we can realize what is best in our humanity. However, the limit-transcending feature of human life is also part of our potential downfall, as it can lead to dehumanization and failure to attain important human goods and to prevent human evils. Exploring the place of limits within a well-lived human life this work develops and defends an original account of limiting virtues, which are (...)
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  42. An Egalitarian Carbon Tax: Revenue-Neutral and Dual Policy Package.Fausto Corvino - 2021 - WEA (World Economics Association) Commentaries 11 (3):2-4.
    In this article I maintain that a progressive and leftist carbon tax should be revenue-neutral through a dual policy package: first, it should use some revenues to offset price increases for the poor and middle classes; second, it should use the remaining part of revenues to lower taxes on labour income (both employed and self-employed income) for those below a middle-income threshold. I will briefly examine three reasons why such a revenue-neutral and dual-package carbon tax (RN-DP-CT) could (and should) become (...)
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  43. What Should Relational Egalitarians Believe?Anne-Sofie Greisen Hojlund - 2021 - Sage Publications: Politics, Philosophy and Economics 21 (1):55-74.
    Politics, Philosophy & Economics, Volume 21, Issue 1, Page 55-74, February 2022. Many find that the objectionable nature of paternalism has something to do with belief. However, since it is commonly held that beliefs are directly governed by epistemic as opposed to moral norms, how could it be objectionable to hold paternalistic beliefs about others if they are supported by the evidence? Drawing on central elements of relational egalitarianism, this paper attempts to bridge this gap. In a first step, it (...)
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  44. Activist‐Led Education and Egalitarian Social Change.Cain Shelley - 2021 - Journal of Political Philosophy 29 (4):456-479.
    In this article, I offer an account of what one of the short-term political aims of proponents of greater equality ought to be. I claim that the strengthening of reflective capacity—citizens’ ability to impose a temporary level of distance from their commitments, to consider alternatives to them, and to evaluate their origins and validity—ought to be one key aim of egalitarian politics under present political conditions. I then propose activist-led education programs as one desirable means to deliver this end of (...)
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  45. Must Egalitarians Rely on the State to Attain Distributive Justice?Kaveh Pourvand - forthcoming - Social Philosophy and Policy.
    It is widely accepted among egalitarian political philosophers that distributive justice should be promoted by the state. This paper challenges this presumption by making two key claims. First, the state is not the only possible mechanism for attaining distributive justice. We could rely alternatively on the voluntary efforts and interactions of individuals and associations in civil society. The question of which mechanism we should rely upon is a comparative and empirical one. What matters is which better promotes distributive justice. We (...)
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  46. The Neorepublican Challenge to Egalitarian-Liberalism: Evaluating Justifications of Redistributive Institutions.Jürgen Sirsch & Doris Unger - 2021 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 24 (7):1000-1023.
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  47. If You’Re a Classical Liberal, How Come You’Re Also an Egalitarian? A Theory of Rule Egalitarianism. Åsbjørn Melkevik, 2020 London, Palgrave MacMillan. 306 Pp, £88.49 (Hb), £55.60. [REVIEW]Daniel Halliday - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 38 (4):719-721.
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  48. How to Define 'Prioritarianism' and Distinguish It From (Moderate) Egalitarianism.Christoph Lumer - 2021 - In Michael Schefczyk & Christoph Schmidt-Petri (eds.), Utility, Progress, Technology. Karlsruhe, Germany: KIT Scientific Publishing. pp. 153-166.
    In this paper, first the term 'prioritarianism' is defined, with some mathematical precision, on the basis of intuitive conceptions of prioritarianism, especially the idea that "benefiting people matters more the worse off these people are". (The prioritarian weighting function is monotonously ascending and concave, while its first derivation is smoothly descending and convex but positive throughout.) Furthermore, (moderate welfare) egalitarianism is characterized. In particular a new symmetry condition is defended, i.e. that egalitarianism evaluates upper and lower deviations from the social (...)
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  49. An Argument for All‐Luck Egalitarianism.Carl Knight - 2021 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 49 (4):350-378.
    Luck egalitarianism is the view that equality requires the influence of luck on distributive outcomes to be neutralized. The standard version of the view, brute-luck egalitarianism, neutralizes brute luck (the upshot of non-declinable risks) while allowing option luck (the upshot of declinable risks) to stand. This article argues that this view should be rejected in favour of all-luck egalitarianism, which neutralizes brute luck and option luck alike. There are three parts to this overall argument. The first shows that brute-luck egalitarianism’s (...)
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  50. Outcasts and Relational Egalitarianism.Farhan Lakhany - 2021 - Social Philosophy Today 37:127-151.
    Most individuals desire a more egalitarian society but figuring out what that would mean and how to get there is unclear. Elizabeth Anderson’s relational egalitarianism is one approach to understanding what building a more egalitarian society would mean; this article will agree with her analysis but will highlight how, in attempting to achieve that goal, some serious issues arise. Specifically, Anderson mentions that a consequence of her view would be the elimination of “outcasts” as a status of social groups and (...)
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