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  1. added 2018-04-13
    Can We Close the Bohr-Einstein Quantum Debate.Marian Kupczynski - 2017 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 375:20160392..
    Recent experiments allowed concluding that Bell-type inequalities are indeed violated thus it is important to understand what it means and how can we explain the existence of strong correlations between outcomes of distant measurements. Do we have to announce that: Einstein was wrong, Nature is nonlocal and nonlocal correlations are produced due to the quantum magic and emerge, somehow, from outside space-time? Fortunately such conclusions are unfounded because if supplementary parameters describing measuring instruments are correctly incorporated in a theoretical model (...)
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  2. added 2018-02-17
    Quantum Frames.Matthew J. Brown - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 45:1-10.
    The framework of quantum frames can help unravel some of the interpretive difficulties i the foundation of quantum mechanics. In this paper, I begin by tracing the origins of this concept in Bohr's discussion of quantum theory and his theory of complementarity. Engaging with various interpreters and followers of Bohr, I argue that the correct account of quantum frames must be extended beyond literal space–time reference frames to frames defined by relations between a quantum system and the exosystem or external (...)
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  3. added 2017-09-15
    Locality and Wave Function Realism.Alyssa Ney - manuscript
    Wave function realism is an interpretational framework for quantum theories that has been defended for its ability to provide a clear and natural metaphysics for quantum theories, one that is fundamentally both separable and local. This is in contrast to competitor primitive ontology frameworks that while they could be separable, are not local, and holist or structuralist approaches that while they could be local, are not separable. The claim that wave function realist metaphysics is local, however, is not as straightforward (...)
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  4. added 2017-09-11
    Philosophical Problems of Quantum Ontology.Graeme Donald Robertson - 1976 - Dissertation, Cambridge
    What is a physical object according to the theory of quantum mechanics? The first answer to be considered is that given by Bohr in terms of the concept of complementarity. This interpretation is illustrated by way of an example, the two slit experiment, which highlights some of the associated problems of ontology. One such problem is the so-called problem of measurement or observation. Various interpretations of measurement in Quantum Theory, including those of Heisenberg, von Neumann, Everett and Bohr, are compared (...)
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  5. added 2017-02-13
    Einstein's Boxes.Travis Norsen - 2005 - American Journal of Physics 73:164--176.
  6. added 2017-02-11
    Should Quantum Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?L. C. B. Ryff - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (9):1061-1078.
    A brief and critical survey of wave-particle duality and nonlocality aspects of light is presented. A recent attempt to establish a reasonable framework for nonlocal realistic theories based on physically sound arguments and a proposed experiment to decide between such theories and the usual interpretation of quantum mechanical formalism are reviewed. It is shown that a nonlocal realistic approach may raise some new questions which could be answered by means of a program based on a sequence of experiments.
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  7. added 2017-02-11
    Farkas's Lemma and the Nature of Reality: Statistical Implications of Quantum Correlations. [REVIEW]Anupam Garg & N. D. Mermin - 1984 - Foundations of Physics 14 (1):1-39.
    A general algorithm is given for determining whether or not a given set of pair distributions allows for the construction of all the members of a specified set of higher-order distributions which return the given pair distributions as marginals. This mathematical question underlies studies of quantum correlation experiments such as those of Bell or of Clauser and Horne, or their higher-spin generalizations. The algorithm permits the analysis of rather intricate versions of such problems, in a form readily adaptable to the (...)
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  8. added 2017-02-11
    Description of Many Separated Physical Entities Without the Paradoxes Encountered in Quantum Mechanics.Dirk Aerts - 1982 - Foundations of Physics 12 (12):1131-1170.
    We show that it is impossible in quantum mechanics to describe two separated physical systems. This is due to the mathematical structure of quantum mechanics. It is possible to give a description of two separated systems in a theory which is a generalization of quantum mechanics and of classical mechanics, in the sense that this theory contains both theories as special cases. We identify the axioms of quantum mechanics that make it impossible to describe separated systems. One of these axioms (...)
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  9. added 2017-02-10
    Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete?Niels Bohr - 1935 - Physical Review 48 (696--702):696--702.
  10. added 2017-02-02
    EPR Paradox and the Physical Meaning of an Experiment in Quantum Mechanics.Vesselin Noninski - unknown
    It is shown that there is one purely deterministic outcome when measurement is made on the state function chosen by EPR to describe the combined two-particle system - the distance between the two particles is preserved the same. Further, it is shown that, surprisingly, the psi-function designed according to QM leads to the following paradox - despite the fact that the two particles move in opposite directions, in time the distance between them becomes shorter and shorter.
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  11. added 2017-01-27
    Einstein’s Boxes: Incompleteness of Quantum Mechanics Without a Separation Principle.Carsten Held - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (9):1002-1018.
    Einstein made several attempts to argue for the incompleteness of quantum mechanics, not all of them using a separation principle. One unpublished example, the box parable, has received increased attention in the recent literature. Though the example is tailor-made for applying a separation principle and Einstein indeed applies one, he begins his discussion without it. An analysis of this first part of the parable naturally leads to an argument for incompleteness not involving a separation principle. I discuss the argument and (...)
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  12. added 2017-01-26
    Popper's Experiment Revisited.Sancho Pedro - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (5):789-805.
    Recently, there has been increasing theoretical and experimental interest in Popper's gedanken experiment. We calculate in this paper, using the path integral approach, the diffraction patterns predicted by quantum mechanics for this arrangement. The calculations confirm the narrowing of the width of the pattern in absence of the slit obtained experimentally by Kim and Shih (Y. Kim and Y. Shih, Found. Phys. 29, 1849 (1999)).
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  13. added 2017-01-26
    Can the Experiments Based on Parametric-Down Conversion Disprove Einstein Locality?Augusto Garuccio - 1995 - In M. Ferrero & A. van der Merwe (eds.), Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics. pp. 103--112.
  14. added 2017-01-26
    Experiments on Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Correlations with Pairs of Visible Photons.A. Aspect & P. Grangier - 1986 - In Roger Penrose & C. J. Isham (eds.), Quantum Concepts in Space and Time. New York ;Oxford University Press.
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  15. added 2017-01-25
    On the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox.J. S. Bell - 2004 [1964] - In Speakable and Unspeakable in Quantum Mechanics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 14--21.
  16. added 2017-01-25
    Nonlocal Character of Quantum Theory?N. David Mermin - 1998 - American Journal of Physics 66:920.
    In a recent article under the above title (but without the question mark) Henry Stapp has presented arguments which lead him to conclude that under suitable conditions “the truth of a statement that refers only to phenomena confined to an earlier time” must “depend on which measurement an experimenter freely chooses to perform at a later time.” I suggest that this conclusion contains an essential ambiguity as regards the meaning of the expression “statement referring only to phenomena confined to an (...)
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  17. added 2017-01-24
    Event-by-Event Simulation of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm Experiments.Shuang Zhao, Hans De Raedt & Kristel Michielsen - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (4):322-347.
    We construct an event-based computer simulation model of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiments with photons. The algorithm is a one-to-one copy of the data gathering and analysis procedures used in real laboratory experiments. We consider two types of experiments, those with a source emitting photons with opposite but otherwise unpredictable polarization and those with a source emitting photons with fixed polarization. In the simulation, the choice of the direction of polarization measurement for each detection event is arbitrary. We use three different procedures (...)
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  18. added 2017-01-24
    Le · Paradoxe · Des Correlations D'Einstein: Et de Schrödinger Et l'Ëpaisseur Temporelle de la Transition Quantique.O. Costa De Beauregard - 1965 - Dialectica 19 (3‐4):280-289.
    It is argued that the so‐called correlation paradoxes of Einstein‐Podolsky‐Rosen1 and of Schrödinger2 imply that individual quantum processes are connected in time in a way that is symmetric with retarded and advanced actions; a · fatalistic · character of the course of events is thus advocated, similar to the one occuring in the so‐called · Heisenberg picture · in hyperquanitized field theory.
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  19. added 2017-01-21
    A Burning Question: Einstein's Paradox of Correlations.O. C. de Beauregard - 1980 - Diogenes 28 (110):83-97.
  20. added 2017-01-19
    An Einstein Manuscript on the EPR Paradox for Spin Observables.Tilman Sauer - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (4):879-887.
    A formulation by Einstein of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen incompleteness argument found in his scientific manuscripts is presented and briefly commented on. It is the only known version in which Einstein discussed the argument for spin observables. The manuscript dates, in all probability, from late 1954 or early 1955 and hence also represents Einstein's latest version of the incompleteness argument and one of his last statements on quantum theory in general. A puzzling formulation raises the question of Einstein's interpretation of space quantization (...)
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  21. added 2017-01-19
    A Quantum Mechanical Measurement Leading to Simultaneous Spin-Up and Spin-Down State of a Single Electron.Vesselin Noninski - unknown
    In is shown that when two observers carry out a simultaneous measurement on a pair of spin-? particles in a "singlet" state a possibility exists for an outcome that lacks physical meaning. More specifically, despite the fact that the two commuting operators formally possess simultaneous eigenvectors it is not possible for physical reasons these eigenvectors to exist simultaneously. It is pointed out that the possibility for such non-physical outcome is observed only in the case of "singlet" state which puts into (...)
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  22. added 2017-01-19
    Reconsidering Bohr's Reply to EPR.Hans Halvorson & Rob Clifton - 2001 - In T. Placek & J. Butterfield (eds.), Non-locality and Modality. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 3--18.
    Although Bohr's reply to the EPR argument is supposed to be a watershed moment in the development of his philosophy of quantum theory, it is difficult to find a clear statement of the reply's philosophical point. Moreover, some have claimed that the point is simply that Bohr is a radical positivist. In this paper, we show that such claims are unfounded. In particular, we give a mathematically rigorous reconstruction of Bohr's reply to the _original_ EPR argument that clarifies its logical (...)
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  23. added 2017-01-18
    The Presumption of Movement.Alba Papa-Grimaldi - 2007 - Axiomathes 17 (2):137-154.
    The conceptualisation of movement has always been problematical for Western thought, ever since Parmenides declared our incapacity to conceptualise the plurality of change because our self-identical thought can only know an identical being. Exploiting this peculiar feature and constraint on our thought, Zeno of Elea devised his famous paradoxes of movement in which he shows that the passage from a position to movement cannot be conceptualised. In this paper, I argue that this same constraint is at the root of our (...)
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  24. added 2017-01-18
    Der Bellsche Beweis. Eine Fallstudie.W. Büchel - 1977 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 8 (2):221-236.
    In the case of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen problem und Bell's proof it is shown how, contrary to Kuhn and Lakatos, a "purely metaphysical" thesis became falsifiable and falsified by an "crucial" experiment in the strict sense so that the followers of an older paradigma changed their opinion on rational grounds and not by an "experience of conversion" or by "dying out".
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  25. added 2017-01-16
    Einstein, His Life and Times. Philipp Frank, George Rosen, Shuichi Kusaka.I. Bernard Cohen - 1948 - Isis 38 (3/4):252-253.
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  26. added 2016-12-16
    Lessons of Bell's Theorem: Nonlocality, Yes; Action at a Distance, Not Necessarily.Wayne C. Myrvold - 2016 - In Shan Gao Mary Bell (ed.), Quantum Nonlocality and Reality: 50 Years of Bell's Theorem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 238-260.
    Fifty years after the publication of Bell's theorem, there remains some controversy regarding what the theorem is telling us about quantum mechanics, and what the experimental violations of Bell inequalities are telling us about the world. This chapter represents my best attempt to be clear about what I think the lessons are. In brief: there is some sort of nonlocality inherent in any quantum theory, and, moreover, in any theory that reproduces, even approximately, the quantum probabilities for the outcomes of (...)
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  27. added 2016-12-08
    Ephemeral Properties and the Illusion of Microscopic Particles.Massimiliano Sassoli de Bianchi - 2011 - Foundations of Science 16 (4):393-409.
    Founding our analysis on the Geneva-Brussels approach to quantum mechanics, we use conventional macroscopic objects as guiding examples to clarify the content of two important results of the beginning of twentieth century: Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen’s reality criterion and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. We then use them in combination to show that our widespread belief in the existence of microscopic particles is only the result of a cognitive illusion, as microscopic particles are not particles, but are instead the ephemeral spatial and local manifestations of (...)
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  28. added 2016-12-08
    New Developments on Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics, Oviedo, Julio de 1996.Pin Víctor Gómez - 1997 - Theoria 12 (1):203-204.
  29. added 2016-12-08
    Propensity, Probability, and Quantum Physics.J. Barretto Bastos Filho & F. Selleri - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (5):701-716.
    Popper's idea of propensities constituting the physical background of predictable probabilities is reviewed and developed by introducing a suitable formalism compatible with standard probability calculus and with its frequency interpretation. Quantum statistical ensembles described as pure cases (“eigenstates”) are shown to be necessarily not homogeneous if propensities are actually at work in nature. An extension of the theory to EPR experiments with local propensities leads to a new and more general proof of Bell's theorem. No joint probabilities for incompatible observables (...)
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  30. added 2016-08-03
    An Interpretation of the Formalism of Quantum Mechanics in Terms of Epistemological Realism.Arthur Jabs - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (3):405-421.
    We present an alternative to the Copenhagen interpretation of the formalism of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. The basic difference is that the new interpretation is formulated in the language of epistemological realism. It involves a change in some basic physical concepts. Elementary particles are considered as extended objects and nonlocal effects are included. The role of the new concepts in the problems of measurement and of the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen correlations is described. Experiments to distinguish the proposed interpretation from the Copenhagen one are (...)
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  31. added 2016-03-09
    EPR States and Bell Correlated States in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory.Yuichiro Kitajima - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (10):1182-1192.
    A mathematical rigorous definition of EPR states has been introduced by Arens and Varadarajan for finite dimensional systems, and extended by Werner to general systems. In the present paper we follow a definition of EPR states due to Werner. Then we show that an EPR state for incommensurable pairs is Bell correlated, and that the set of EPR states for incommensurable pairs is norm dense between two strictly space-like separated regions in algebraic quantum field theory.
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  32. added 2015-09-07
    Bell Nonlocality, Signal Locality and Unpredictability (or What Bohr Could Have Told Einstein at Solvay Had He Known About Bell Experiments).Eric G. Cavalcanti & Howard M. Wiseman - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (10):1329-1338.
    The 1964 theorem of John Bell shows that no model that reproduces the predictions of quantum mechanics can simultaneously satisfy the assumptions of locality and determinism. On the other hand, the assumptions of signal locality plus predictability are also sufficient to derive Bell inequalities. This simple theorem, previously noted but published only relatively recently by Masanes, Acin and Gisin, has fundamental implications not entirely appreciated. Firstly, nothing can be concluded about the ontological assumptions of locality or determinism independently of each (...)
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  33. added 2015-08-14
    Gott Würfelt Nicht. Einsteins Immer Noch Aktuelle Kritik der Quantenmechanik.Gregor Schiemann - 2005 - In J. Renn (ed.), Albert Einstein. Ingenieur des Universums. 100 Autoren für Einstein.
    Kaum eine Äußerung Einsteins ist so bekannt wie sein Wort, dass Gott nicht würfelt. In ähnlicher Weise, wie Einstein dies unerläutert gelassen hat, ist seine gesamte Position zur Quantenmechanik, auf die es sich bezieht, von Uneindeutigkeiten nicht frei geblieben. Für seine Würfelmetapher ergibt sich ein Spielraum von gegensätzlichen Sichtweisen. Sie lässt sich zum einen mit jüngeren Forschungsresultaten verbinden und weist zum anderen auf rückschrittliche Elemente in Einsteins Denken hin. Ich wende mich zuerst diesen Elementen zu und betrachte dann eine dazu (...)
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  34. added 2015-06-24
    Warum Gott Nicht Würfelt: Einstein Und Die Quantenmechanik Im Licht Neuerer Forschungen.Gregor Schiemann - 2010 - In R. Breuniger (ed.), Bausteine zur Philosophie. Bd. 27: Einstein.
    Zuerst werden die Argumente rekonstruiert, die dafür sprechen, Einsteins Wort, dass Gott nicht würfelt, als Ausdruck eines überholten deterministischen Weltbildes anzusehen. Anschließend werden Forschungsergebnisse der letzten Jahrzehnte benannt, die für eine Neubewertung seiner Position zur dominanten Interpretation der Quantenmechanik sprechen. Den Abschluß bildet die Diskussion der Möglichkeiten einer Reinterpretation seines Satzes vom nicht würfelnden Gott.
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  35. added 2015-04-25
    Le paradoxe d'Einstein ou d'Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen.O. Costa De Beauregard - 1979 - Logique Et Analyse 22 (88):425.
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  36. added 2015-04-25
    Confrontation entre réalisme et positivisme a propos du paradoxe d'Einstein - Podolsky - Rosen.Jean-Louis Destouches - 1979 - Logique Et Analyse 22 (88):381.
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  37. added 2015-04-05
    The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox.Bas C. Van Fraassen - 1974 - Synthese 29 (1/4):291.
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  38. added 2015-03-24
    Controversy Regarding the Definition of Physical Reality, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox and Quantum Nonseparability.Mc Combourieu - 1995 - Dialectica 49 (1):47-73.
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  39. added 2015-03-23
    Bohr's Response to Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen.David Z. Albert - 1992 - In Edna Ullmann-Margalit (ed.), The Scientific Enterprise. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 269--272.
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  40. added 2015-03-23
    Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Interferometry”.A. Michael - 1986 - In Daniel M. Greenberger (ed.), New Techniques and Ideas in Quantum Measurement Theory. New York Academy of Sciences. pp. 469.
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  41. added 2015-03-23
    Popper y El Argumento de Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen.José Manuel Sánchez Ron - 1984 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):115-123.
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  42. added 2015-03-21
    Controverse autour de la définition de la réalité physique. Le paradoxe d'Einstein‐Podolsky‐Rosen (1935) et la non‐séparabilité quantique.Marie-Christine Combourieu - 1995 - Dialectica 49 (1):47-74.
    RésuméSoixante‐cinq ans après sa publication, la controverse que l'article #Einstein, Podolsky et Rosen suscita à propos de I'image de l'univers physique suggérée par le formalisme de la théorié quantique n'est pas close. Elle oppose une minorité«localiste», petit cercle de physiciens réalistes partisans de la localitéd’ Einstein, á une majorité«non localisten» adepte – non uniformément, cependant – des prédictions non locales de la thhrie quantique et de l'Interprétation dite positiviste de Copenhague érigée principalement sur la philosophie de Bohr et de Heisenberg.Les (...)
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  43. added 2015-03-18
    Relativité et quanta : leurs mutuelles exigences, et les corrélations d'Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen.Olivier Costa De Beauregard - 1990 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 95 (4):547 - 559.
    A la différence de plusieurs interprétations de la mécanique quantique basées sur la phénoménologie de l'expérimentation macroscopique, celle-ci repose exclusivement sur le formalisme de la mécanique quantique relativiste lui-même. On y assimile le concept de causalité à celui d'une probabilité conditionnelle ayant deux traits spécifiques : « non-séparabilité » des occurrences au sens du calcul quantique des probabilités (Jordan, 1926) ; invariance sous les rotations (Lorentz et Poincaré, 1905) et les retournements d'axes (Lüders, 1952) du référentiel spatio-temporel cartésien, impliquant une (...)
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  44. added 2015-03-18
    Les corrélations d'Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen et la causalité sans flèche passé-futur.Olivier Costa De Beauregard - 1983 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 88 (1):101 - 114.
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  45. added 2015-03-18
    The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox Reexamined.Gen-Ichiro Nagasaka - 1970 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970:437 - 445.
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  46. added 2015-03-17
    The Einstein-Podolski-Rosen Paradox.Herman Erlichson - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (1):83-85.
  47. added 2015-02-02
    Quantum Life: Interaction, Entanglement, and Separation.Eric Winsberg - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy 100 (2):80 - 97.
    Violations of the Bell inequalities in EPR-Bohm type experiments have set the literature on the metaphysics of microscopic systems to flirting with some sort of metaphysical holism regarding spatially separated, entangled systems. The rationale for this behavior comes in two parts. The first part relies on the proof, due to Jon Jarrett [2] that the experimentally observed violations of the Bell inequalities entail violations of the conjunction of two probabilistic constraints. Jarrett called these two constraints locality and completeness. We prefer (...)
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  48. added 2015-01-14
    Quantum Mechanics and the EPR Paradox.László E. Szabó - unknown - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  49. added 2015-01-11
    Local Reality: Can It Exist in the EPR-Bohmgedanken Experiment?Satoshi Uchiyama - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (11):1561-1575.
    Measuring processes of a single spin-1/2 object and of a pair of spin-1/2 objects in the EPR-Bohm state are modeled by systems of differential equations. The latter model is a local model with hidden variables of the EPR-Bohm gedanken experiment. Although there is no dynamical interaction between the pair of spin-1/2 objects, the model reproduces approximately the quantum-mechanical correlations by coincidence counting. Hence the Bell inequality is violated. This result supports the idea that the coincidence counting is the source of (...)
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  50. added 2015-01-09
    EPR-Experiment Explanation.Ivan Z. Tsekhmistro - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:95-99.
    The main idea of quantum mechanics, whether formulated in terms of the Planck constant or the noncommutativity of certain observables, must be tied to the recognition of the relativity and nonuniversality of the abstract concept of set (manifold) in the description of quantum systems. This entails the necessarily probabilistic description of quantum systems: since a quantum system ultimately cannot be decomposed into elements or sets, we have to describe it in terms of probabilities of only a relative selection of certain (...)
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1 — 50 / 170