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Summary The Eleatic School, so named from the city of Elea in Southern Italy where Parmenides lived, includes Parmenides and his pupil Zeno of Elea. Melissus of Samos is also generally listed as the third member of this School of thought.The key doctrines traditionally attributed to the Eleatic philosophers include monism (there is only one thing), stability (nothing moves), changelessness, and the denigration of the senses in favour of the proofs of reason and argument.  Most scholarly work focuses on the individual philosophers separately, rather than the Eleatic school as a whole, but there is some discussion of whether Zeno is writing in support of Parmenides and how far to believe Plato's account of the rationale behind Zeno's negative arguments. Some discussions of Melissus also consider whether he is arguing for the same position as Parmenides.
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  1. Según platón, Los «mortales» de parménides ¿son Los antepasados de Los sofistas?Néstor-Luis Cordero - 2021 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 36:395-417.
    RESUMEN ¿Por qué cuando Platón quiere justificar su definición del sofista como un «fabricante de imágenes», se apoya sobre dos versos auténticos de Parménides que aluden, sin duda alguna, al camino recorrido por los «mortales que nada saben»? ¿Quiere acaso sugerir que esos «mortales», que son en realidad «fabricantes de opiniones», son un antecedente de los sofistas, que son «fabricantes de imágenes»? ABSTRACT Why, when Plato wants to justify his definition of the sophist as an "image maker", he quotes two (...)
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  2. Proclus on the Forms as Paradigms in "Plato’s Parmenides: The Neoplatonic Response to Aristotle and Alexander of Aphrodisias’ Criticisms".Melina Mouzala - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):115-163.
    This paper sets out to analyze Proclus’ exegesis of Socrates’ suggestion in Parmenides 132d1-3 that Forms stand fixed as patterns, as it were, in the nature, with the other things being images and likenesses of them. Proclus’ analysis of the notion of being pattern reveals the impact of the Aristotelian conception of the form as paradigm on his views, as we can infer from Alexander of Aphrodisias’ and Simplicius’ explanation of the paradigmatic character of the Aristotelian form. Whereas Aristotle and (...)
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  3. ¿Emplea Platón el método de Zenón en el Parménides?Ignacio García Peña - 2022 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 85:129-141.
    En este trabajo se discute el método de las hipótesis que Platón emplea en la segunda parte del Parménides, el cual, según se dice en el propio diálogo, es una réplica del empleado por Zenón de Elea. La discusión es especialmente relevante porque la interpretación de la relación entre las hipótesis sobre lo Uno y el método zenoniano determina el modo en que se entiende el diálogo en su conjunto y las pretensiones del autor al redactarlo. Se pretende aquí demostrar (...)
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  4. Establishing the Logos of Melissus: A Note on Chapter 1, Hippocrates’ De Natura Hominis.Benjamin Harriman - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    The earliest mention of Melissus of Samos by name is found in the first chapter of the Hippocratic De natura hominis. In the following note, I attempt to examine what is meant by the reference Melissus’ ‘logos’ in this work and suggest, against previous accounts, including Galen’s, that it has little to do with his commitment to monism. Rather Melissus’ logos is better understood as his referring to his strategy for demonstrating such a conclusion, especially his use of a supplemental (...)
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  5. Between Eleatics and Atomists: Gorgias’ Argument Against Motion.Roberta Ioli - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    The aim of my paper is to investigate Gorgias’ argument against motion, which is found in his Peri tou meontos and preserved only in MXG 980a18. I tried to shed new light both on this specific reflection and on the reliability of Pseudo-Aristotle’s version. By exploring the so called “change argument” and the “argument from divisibility”, I focused on the particular strategy used by the Sophist in his synthetike apodeixis, which should be investigated in relation to the dispute between monistic (...)
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  6. Corporeality and Thickness: Back on Melissus’ Fragment B9.Mathilde Brémond - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    Melissus’ fragment B9, where he claims that being has no body and no thickness, raises the question of how being can be extended and full and at the same time incorporeal. Most recent interpretations tried to avoid lending to “body” the meaning of “physical body”. My aim in this paper is to reconstruct Melissus’ notion of body, by examining its connection to “thickness”. I show that Melissus meant by “thick” something that has distinct parts and therefore supports in B9 the (...)
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  7. Peri Tou (Mē) Ontos. Melissus and Gorgias at the Ontological Crossroad.Stefania Giombini & Massimo Pulpito - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
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  8. The Eleatic Stranger in Sophist Dialogue.Lucas Alvarez - 2022 - Plato Journal 23:7-21.
    Within the framework of the discussion about the existence of a spokesman in the Platonic dialogues, we look, in the first part, into the possible transfer of this spokesman’s function from Socrates to the Eleatic Stranger, identifying the contact and divergence points between both characters. In the second part, we try to show that this transfer has a dramatic staging at the beginning of the Sophist dialogue, where Socrates makes a demand that enables the Stranger to demonstrate his genuine philosophical (...)
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  9. Koinōnía y Justicia. De la República al Parménides.Raúl Gutiérrez - 2022 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 36:201-213.
    La razón fundamental por la que, según cierto modelo historiográfico el Parménides platónico constituye un diálogo de crisis en el desarrollo del pensamiento de Platón, es la supuesta presencia en él de una crítica de la Teoría de las Ideas del período medio –Fedón, Banquete, República. La insuficiencia de esa teoría consistiría en una concepción de las Ideas como unidades absolutamente simples y completamente aisladas que les impediría cumplir la función para la cual habrían sido concebidas. Esa función solo podría (...)
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  10. El nuevo Parménides de André Laks y Glenn W. Most. Nota crítica de Early Greek Philosophy, vol. 5, parte 2, cap. 19.Bernardo Berruecos Frank - 2021 - Dianoia 66 (87):153-170.
    Resumen En esta nota crítica presento un análisis de los materiales textuales que constituyen el capítulo 19 de la serie Early Greek Philosophy de A. Laks y G. Most dedicado a Parménides. Después de comparar cuantitativamente los textos de este capítulo con las ediciones de H. Diels y A.H. Coxon, así como de precisar cuáles son los textos "nuevos" que figuran en esta edición y las formas en que los editores decidieron presentarlos, ofrezco algunas consideraciones sobre el concepto mismo de (...)
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  11. El extraño criterio utilizado para crear "la Doxa" de Parménides.Néstor-Luis Cordero - 2021 - Dianoia 66 (87):141-151.
    Resumen En 1795, un filólogo de origen kantiano, G.G. Fülleborn, agrupó en dos "partes" los fragmentos recuperados del Poema de Parménides: "la Verdad" y "la Doxa". Con pequeñas modificaciones, esta estructura se convirtió en clásica y se acepta hoy en forma unánime. Sin embargo, una lectura de cada fragmento en forma aislada no justifica dicha división, la cual se basa en una interpretación de Simplicio influida por Aristóteles, quien encuentra ya en Parménides un esbozo del dualismo platónico entre lo "sensible" (...)
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  12. Truth Attending Persuasion: Forms of Argumentation in Parmenides.Stephen White - 2021 - In Joseph Andrew Bjelde, David Merry & Christopher Roser (eds.), Essays on Argumentation in Antiquity. Springer. pp. 1-19.
    Parmenides marks a watershed in the history of argumentation, presenting the earliest surviving sequence of recognizably deductive reasoning in the Greek tradition. This chapter focuses on the central section of his poem and examines the form of its argumentation: its use of indirect proof, the articulation of its reasoning, and the role necessity plays in it.
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  13. Consideration of Hegel, Heidegger and Rangos with Respect to the Deductions in the Parmenides of Plato.Brad Thomson - manuscript
    Analysis of the Deductions in Plato's Parmenides.
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  14. 11 Diverging Ways: On the Trajectories of Ontology in Parmenides, Aristotle, and Deleuze.Abraham Jacob Greenstine - 2017 - In Abraham Jacob Greenstine & Ryan J. Johnson (eds.), Contemporary Encounters with Ancient Metaphysics. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 202-223.
  15. Consideration of Hegel, Heidegger and Rangos with Respect to the Relationships of Deductions in the Parmenides of Plato.Brad Thomson - manuscript
    Analysis of the Deductions in Plato's Parmenides.
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  16. What’s Eleatic About the Eleatic Principle?Sosseh Assaturian - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31 (3):1-37.
    In contemporary metaphysics, the Eleatic Principle (EP) is a causal criterion for reality. Articulating the EP with precision is notoriously difficult. The criterion purportedly originates in Plato’s Sophist, when the Eleatic Visitor articulates the EP at 247d-e in the famous Battle of the Gods and the Giants. There, the Visitor proposes modifying the ontologies of both the Giants (who are materialists) and the Gods (who are friends of the many forms), using a version of the EP according to which only (...)
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  17. Homer, Parmenides, and the Road to Demonstration.Benjamin Folit-Weinberg - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    It is widely agreed that Parmenides invented extended deductive argumentation and the practice of demonstration, a transformative event in the history of thought. But how did he manage this seminal accomplishment? In this book, Benjamin Folit-Weinberg finally provides an answer. At the heart of this story is the image of the hodos, the road and the journey. Brilliantly deploying the tools and insights of literary criticism, conceptual history, and archaeology, Folit-Weinberg illuminates how Parmenides adopts and adapts this image from Homer, (...)
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  18. Parmenides' Insight and the Possibility of Logic.Michael Della Rocca - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  19. On the Significance of Parmenides' Concession: The Oneness of Forms Qua Thoughts.Saja Mohammad Parvizian - manuscript
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  20. A Long Lost Relative in the Parmenides? Plato’s Family of Hypothetical Methods.Evan Rodriguez - 2022 - Apeiron 55 (1):141-166.
    The Parmenides has been unduly overlooked in discussions of hypothesis in Plato. It contains a unique method for testing first principles, a method I call ‘exploring both sides’. The dialogue recommends exploring the consequences of both a hypothesis and its contradictory and thematizes this structure throughout. I challenge the view of Plato’s so-called ‘method of hypothesis’ as an isolated stage in Plato’s development; instead, the evidence of the Parmenides suggests a family of distinct hypothetical methods, each with its own peculiar (...)
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  21. Parmenides’ First Attack on the Forms.Pieter D’Hoine - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):103-121.
    This paper provides a case study for the use of syllogistic reconstructions in the commentaries on Plato by the fifth-century commentator Proclus. The paper discusses Proclus’ reconstruction of the argument about the range of the Forms in Plato’s Parmenides. In his commentary on this dialogue, Proclus reports a syllogistic reconstruction of the argument proposed by some of his predecessors. In this reconstruction, the argument as a whole is interpreted as a straightforward attack on the existence of Forms, while the different (...)
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  22. Aristotle and the Eleatic One.John Palmer - 2021 - Philosophical Review 130 (3):451-454.
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  23. Rethinking Deduction Five of Plato’s Parmenides.Thomas Tuozzo - 2021 - Plato Journal 22.
    The fifth “deduction” in Plato’s Parmenides concerns the consequences that follow for a one from the hypothesis that it is not. I argue that the subject of this hypothesis is, effectively, any Form, considered just insofar as it is one Form. The hypothesis, I further argue, does not concern any essential aspect of a Form, but rather posits its contingent non-instantation. The motion this deduction attributes to its one is a special type of motion: motion into and out of instantiation.
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  24. Parmenides' Insight and the Possibility of Logic.Michael Della Rocca - forthcoming - Wiley: European Journal of Philosophy.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  25. Parmenides’s Love of Honor and Lessons About How (Not) to Do Philosophy From Plato’s Parmenides.Marta Heckel - 2021 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (1):47-68.
    In this paper, I show that the Parmenides provides important insight into how to properly engage in philosophical discussion—or, more accurately, how not to engage in it. From references to age, love-of-winning and love-of-honor, and a paral­lel to the Phaedo, I show that Parmenides is ruled by the spirited part of his soul in a way that compromises his ability to philosophize, and that the Parmenides is a warning about doing philosophy from a love of honor. Ideally, we should do (...)
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  26. One One, or the Unity of Being in Plato’s Parmenides.Andrew Haas - 2021 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (1):69-87.
    Being can no longer be thought, for Plato, in accordance with Parmenides’ either/or; rather, it is both/and, both present in and absent from things, which is how they can come-to-presence and go-out-into-absence. But as the Parmenides demonstrates, Greek grammar hints at a fundamental ontological truth: the expression, “one one,” ἓν ἕν, shows that being can be implied, neither present nor absent—for being is an implication. But then participating must be rethought in terms of implying: being is implied in everything that (...)
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  27. 'Is the World One?' A New Interpretation of Plato's Parmenides.Luc Brisson - 2002 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Volume Xxii: Summer 2002. Oxford University Press.
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  28. Melissus and Eleatic Monism, by Benjamin Harriman.John E. Sisko - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (2):476-481.
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  29. Ommentarium in Parmenidem. [REVIEW]D. A. Rees - 1955 - The Classical Review 5 (1):66-68.
  30. William F. Lynch: An Approach to the Metaphysics of Plato Through the Parmenides. Pp. Xiii+255. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press, 1959. Cloth, $6.00. [REVIEW]G. B. Kerferd - 1963 - The Classical Review 13 (3):341-342.
  31. The Unity of the Platonic Dialogue. The Cratylus. The Protagoras. The Parmenides. Par Rudolph H. Weingartner. New York-Indianopolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company , 1973. Pp. X, 205. Paper $2.95, Cloth $7.50. [REVIEW]Yvon Lafrance - 1974 - Dialogue 13 (3):611-612.
  32. G. R. Morrow, J. M. Dillon: Proclus' Commentary on Plato's Parmenides . Pp. Xlvi + 616. Princeton University Press, 1987. £52.20. [REVIEW]H. J. Blumenthal - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (2):407-408.
  33. K. R. Popper: The World of Parmenides. Essays on the Presocratic Enlightenment . Pp. X + 328. London and New York: Routledge, 1998. Cased, £30. ISBN: 0-415-17301-9. [REVIEW]M. B. Trapp - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (1):327-327.
  34. Socrates and Zeno: Plato, Parmenides 129.David Evans - 1994 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (2):243-255.
  35. Karl Bormann, "Parmenides: Untersuchungen Zu den Fragmenten". [REVIEW]Felix M. Cleve - 1973 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 11 (3):394.
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  36. "Parmenides, Plato, and the Semantics of Not-Being", by Francis Jeffry Pelletier. [REVIEW]James Wm Forrester - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):157.
  37. The Significance of "Kata Pant Ate" [Greek] in Parmenides Fr. 1.3.J. Lesher - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):1.
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  38. Studies in Presocratic Philosophy: The Eleatics and Pluralists.David J. Furley & Reginald E. Allen (eds.) - 1970 - New York: Humanities Press.
  39. Zeno of Elea a Text, with Translation and Notes.H. D. P. Lee - 1936 - [Cambridge] University Press.
    Originally published in 1936, this book presents the ancient Greek text of the paraphrases and quotations of Zeno's philosophical arguments, together with a facing-page English translation and editorial commentary. Detailed notes are incorporated throughout and a bibliography is also included. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in Zeno and ancient philosophy.
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  40. The "KOYROS" [Greek] Motif in Parmenides: B 1.24.Matthew R. Cosgrove - 1974 - Phronesis 19:81.
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  41. The Fragments of Parmenides: A Critical Text with Introduction and Translation, the Ancient Testimonia and a Commentary.A. H. Coxon - 1986 - Phronesis 31:(1986).
  42. Aristotle Confronts the Eleatics: Two Arguments on 'The One'.Daniel E. Gershenson & Daniel A. Greenberg - 1962 - Phronesis 7:137.
  43. The Fragments of Parmenides.A. H. Coxon - 1987 - Phronesis 32 (3):349-359.
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  44. Melissus of Samos in a New Light: Aristotle's Physics 186a10-16.D. E. Gershenson - 1961 - Phronesis 6:1.
  45. On the Parmenides of Plato 1.Chung-Hwan Chen - 1944 - Classical Quarterly 38 (3-4):101-114.
    Every student of Plato will be inclined to admit that, among his dialogues, the Parmenides is one of the hardest to understand. The attempt to elucidate it has continued since ancient times, but even to-day we still lack a definitive interpretation. The first part of the dialogue is relatively simple; it is with the second that the great difficulty begins. Two questions are raised: firstly, how this part is to be understood, and, secondly, how it is related to the first (...)
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  46. The Parmenides and the ‘Third Man’.R. S. Bluck - 1956 - Classical Quarterly 6 (1-2):29-37.
    In a recent article in the Philosophical Review Professor Gregory Vlastos has given an acute analysis of the ‘Third Man’ Argument as it appears in the Parmenides for which all Platonic scholars will be grateful. In view of the importance of the article and the interest that it has aroused, I should like to offer one or two criticisms of his conclusions.
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  47. Parmenides and Plato's Parmenides.J. M. Rist - 1970 - Classical Quarterly 20 (2):221-229.
    In two of his dialogues especially, the Sophist and the Parmenides, Plato concerns himself at length with problems presented by the Eleatics. Despite difficulties in the interpretation of individual passages, the Sophist has in general proved the less difficult to understand, and since some of the problems at issue in the two works indicate the same or similar preoccupations in Plato's mind, it is worth considering how far an interpretation of the ‘easier’ dialogue can be used to forward an interpretation (...)
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  48. Plato's Parmenides: Some Suggestions for its Interpretation 1.Arthur L. Peck - 1953 - Classical Quarterly 3 (3-4):126-150.
    In modern work on the Parmenides it is commonly supposed that in the First Part of the dialogue Plato's main concern is criticism of his own doctrine of Forms, or of some formulations of that doctrine, and that the criticisms have some sort of validity and are in some degree ‘damaging’ to the doctrine. It is thus often assumed that Plato's purpose is to make the reader ask himself, ‘Where is Plato wrong? Where is his doctrine of Forms, or his (...)
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  49. Parmenides and the History of Dialectic: Three Essays. By Scott Austin: Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Robin Waterfield - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (4):698-698.
  50. A Vindication Of Melissus? [REVIEW]G. B. Kerferd - 1975 - The Classical Review 25 (2):186-187.
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