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1619 found
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1 — 50 / 1619
  1. added 2020-05-20
    Do We See Through a Social Microscope?: Credibility as a Vicarious Selector.Douglas Allchin - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):298.
    Credibility in a scientific community (sensu Shapin) is a vicarious selector (sensu Campbell) for the reliability of reports by individual scientists or institutions. Similarly, images from a microscope (sensu Hacking) are vicarious selectors for studying specimens. Working at different levels, the process of indirect reasoning and checking indicates a unity to experimentalist and sociological perspectives, along with a resonance of strategies for assessing reliability. The perspective sketched here can open dialogue between philosophical and sociological interpretations of science and resolves at (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-01
    Electromagnetic Waves.Sydney Ernest Grimm - manuscript
    In the past the particle-wave duality of electromagnetic waves dominated the discussions about the nature of light. No consensus had been reached amongst physicists and philosophers of physics concerning which interpretation represents reality best. However, two different concepts for the same phenomenon doesn’t really convince about the reliability of the conceptual framework. So what is wrong?
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  3. added 2020-02-11
    From Maxwell to Microphysics: Aspects of Electromagnetic Theory in the Last Quarter of the Nineteenth Century. Jed Z. Buchwald.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (3):489-490.
  4. added 2020-02-07
    How to Make Reflectance a Surface Property.Nicholas Danne - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 70:19-27.
    Reflectance physicalists define reflectance as the intrinsic disposition of a surface to reflect light at a given efficiency per wavelength. I criticize a leading account of dispositional reflectance for failing to account for what I call 'harmonic dispersion', the inverse relationship of a light pulse's duration to its bandwidth. I argue that harmonic dispersion renders reflectance defined in terms of light pulses an extrinsic disposition. Reflectance defined as the per-wavelength efficiency to reflect the superimposed, infinite-duration, Fourier harmonics of pulses can (...)
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  5. added 2019-09-27
    The Construction of Electromagnetism.Mario Natiello & H. G. Solari - manuscript
    Abstract We examine the construction of electromagnetism in its current form, and in an alternative form, from a point of view that combines a minimal realism with strict rational demands. We begin by discussing the requests of reason when constructing a theory and next, we follow the historical development as presented in the record of original publications, the underlying epistemology (often explained by the authors) and the mathematical constructions. The historical construction develops along socio-political disputes (mainly, the reunification of Germany (...)
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  6. added 2019-07-12
    Growing Evidence That Perceptual Qualia Are Neuroelectrical Not Computational.Mostyn W. Jones - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):89-116.
    Computational neuroscience attributes coloured areas and other perceptual qualia to calculations that are realizable in multiple cellular forms. This faces serious issues in explaining how the various qualia arise and how they bind to form overall perceptions. Qualia may instead be neuroelectrical. Growing evidence indicates that perceptions correlate with neuroelectrical activity spotted by locally activated EEGs, the different qualia correlate with the different electrochemistries of unique detector cells, a unified neural-electromagnetic field binds this activity to form overall perceptions, and this (...)
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  7. added 2019-07-01
    Lumina - Optica fenomenologică.Nicolae Sfetcu - 2018 - Drobeta Turnu Severin, Romania: MultiMedia Publishing.
    Previzualizare carte -/- O introducere în fenomenologia opticii geometrice (reflexia, refracția, principiul lui Fermat, oglinzi, miraje, dispersia, lentile), opticii fizice (undele luminoase, principiul Huygens–Fresnel, difracția, interferența, polarizarea, vederea tridimensională, holografia), opticii cuantice (fotoni, efectul fotoelectric, dualitatea undă-particulă, principiul incertitudinii, complementaritatea) și culorilor (transparența, translucența, amestecul culorilor, culori complementare, pigmenți), în conexiune cu teoriile fundamentale ale luminii. Despre proprietățile luminii (unde electromagnetice, spectrul electromagnetic, materiale transparente și opace, umbra, sistemul vizual uman, lumina Soarelui) și emisia luminii (stări excitate, spectrele de emisie (...)
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  8. added 2019-06-07
    History of Mathematical Sciences Christine Blondel, Ampère Et la Création de l'Électrodynámique . Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale, 1982. Pp. 202. ISBN 2-7177-1643-2. 175 F. [REVIEW]John Hendry - 1984 - British Journal for the History of Science 17 (2):238-238.
  9. added 2019-06-06
    Seeing the Invisible: The Introduction and Development of Electron Microscopy in Britain, 1935–1945.Pedro Ruiz-Castell - 2013 - History of Science 51 (2):221-249.
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    For Electrodynamic Consistency.Lena Zuchowski - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (2):135-142.
    I will present a refutation of 6 and 7 inconsistency claim. Using the proof by Kiessling, I will show that Classical Electrodynamics can be applied consistently and can preserve energy conservation to the problem of charged, accelerated particles. This refutes the core of Frisch's inconsistency claim. Additionally, I will argue that Frisch's proof and the resulting debate is based on a comparison of different, approximate, explicit solutions to the Maxwell–Lorentz equations. However, in order to be informative on the foundations of (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    Maxwell’s Contrived Analogy: An Early Version of the Methodology of Modeling.Giora Hon & Bernard R. Goldstein - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (4):236-257.
    The term “analogy” stands for a variety of methodological practices all related in one way or another to the idea of proportionality. We claim that in his first substantial contribution to electromagnetism James Clerk Maxwell developed a methodology of analogy which was completely new at the time or, to borrow John North’s expression, Maxwell’s methodology was a “newly contrived analogue”. In his initial response to Michael Faraday’s experimental researches in electromagnetism, Maxwell did not seek an analogy with some physical system (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Cellular Dimensions and Cell Dynamics, or the Difficulty Over Capturing Time and Space in the Era of Electron Microscopy.Ariane Dröscher - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):395-402.
    The introduction of electron microscopy profoundly altered biomedical research, providing a tool for a more detailed but at the same time a spatially and temporally more restricted visual analysis. Examining the case study of Golgi apparatus research in the 1950s and 1960s, it will be shown how microscopists handled these challenges, and how these confrontations modified the general concept of cellular organization. This will also shed light on the artifact debate and on the question of scientific realism in the field (...)
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    El éter relativista: Un cambio conceptual inconcluso.Alejandro Cassini & Marcelo Leonardo Levinas - 2009 - Critica 41 (123):3-38.
    La posición inicial de Einstein con respecto al éter electromagnético y su posterior eliminación del escenario de la relatividad especial resultaron profundamente alteradas por la relatividad general. En este artículo analizamos los diferentes argumentos de Einstein contra el éter electromagnético. Luego estudiamos las razones que lo llevaron a reintroducir el éter gravitatorio en la relatividad general. Después de comparar las propiedades y funciones del antiguo éter con las del nuevo éter relativista, concluimos que se ha producido un cambio conceptual y (...)
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Alice Jenkins , Michael Faraday's Mental Exercises: An Artisan Essay Circle in Regency London. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2008. Pp. Xii+250. ISBN 978-1-84631-140-6. £47.50, $85.00. [REVIEW]Ryan Tweney - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (2):306.
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Mach and Hertz’s Mechanics.John Preston - unknown
    The place of Heinrich Hertz’s The principles of mechanics in the history of the philosophy of science is disputed. Here I critically assess positivist interpretations, concluding that they are inadequate.There is a group of commentators who seek to align Hertz with positivism, or with specific positivists such as Ernst Mach, who were enormously influential at the time. Max Jammer is prominent among this group, the most recent member of which is Joseph Kockelmans. I begin by discussing what Hertz and Mach (...)
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    B ASIL M AHON, The Man Who Changed Everything: The Life of James Clerk Maxwell. Chichester: John Wiley, 2003. Pp. Xx+226. ISBN 0-470-86088-X. £18.99. [REVIEW]Bruce Hunt - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (2):303-303.
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  17. added 2019-06-06
    Infrared Metaphysics: Radiation and Theory-Choice. Part 2.Hasok Chang & Sabina Leonelli - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):687-706.
    We continue our discussion of the competing arguments in favour of the unified theory and the pluralistic theory of radiation advanced by three nineteenth-century pioneers: Herschel, Melloni, and Draper. Our narrative is structured by a consideration of the epistemic criteria relevant to theory-choice; the epistemic focus highlights many little-known aspects of this relatively well-known episode. We argue that the acceptance of light-heat unity in this period cannot be credibly justified on the basis of common evaluative criteria such as simplicity and (...)
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  18. added 2019-06-06
    Occurrence of Superconductivity in R 2- Z Ce Z CuO 4 and Related Compounds.John Dow & Martin Lehmann - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (4):527-537.
    The facts concerning the occurrence of superconductivity in R 2- z Ce z CuO 4 and in R 2- z Th z CuO 4 are studied using a combination of simple tools: a hard-sphere model, the self-consistent bond-valence-sum method and Madelung potential calculations. Doping by isolated substitutional Ce should produce Ce 3+ , and not Ce 4+ , causing us to conclude that the dopants are not isolated, but pairs, which make the material p type and not n type. The (...)
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    Three-Dimensional Phase Field Microelasticity Theory of a Multivoid Multicrack System in an Elastically Anisotropic Body: Model and Computer Simulations.Yongmei Jin, Yu Wang & Armen Khachaturyan - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (13):1587-1626.
    The phase field microelasticity theory of a three-dimensional, elastically anisotropic system of voids and cracks is proposed. The theory is based on the equation for the strain energy of the continuous elastically homogeneous body presented as a functional of the phase field, which is the effective stress-free strain. It is proved that the stress-free strain minimizing the strain energy of this homogeneous modulus body fully determines the elastic strain and displacement of the body with voids and/or cracks. The proposed phase (...)
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    DAVID A. KIRSCH, The Electric Vehicle and the Burden of History. New Brunswick and London: Rutgers University Press, 2000. Pp. Xiii+291. ISBN 0-8135-2809. $20.00. [REVIEW]Graeme Gooday - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Science 35 (2):213-250.
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    William Berkson, Review of The Holistic Inspirations of Physics: The Underground History of Electromagnetic Theory by Val Dusek. [REVIEW]William Berkson - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):536-540.
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    Electromagnetism and the Sacred: At the Frontier of Spirit and Matter. [REVIEW]Timothy Eastman - 2000 - Process Studies 29 (1):187-188.
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  23. added 2019-06-06
    P. M. HARMAN, The Natural Philosophy of James Clerk Maxwell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Pp. Xiv+232. ISBN 0-521-56102-7. £35.00, $59.95. [REVIEW]Robinson M. Yost - 1999 - British Journal for the History of Science 32 (3):363-378.
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  24. added 2019-06-06
    Electromagnetism, Time and Immanence in Whitehead’s Metaphysics.Lawrence Fagg - 1997 - Process Studies 26 (3/4):308-317.
  25. added 2019-06-06
    Jed Z. Buchwald, The Creation of Scientific Effects: Heinrich Hertz and Electric Waves. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1994. Pp. Xiv+482. ISBN 0-226-07887-6, £59.95, $75.00 ; 0-226-07888-4, £26.25, $32.95. [REVIEW]Graeme Gooday - 1997 - British Journal for the History of Science 30 (2):233-249.
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  26. added 2019-06-06
    Making a Machine Instrumental: RCA and the Wartime Origins of Biological Electron Microscopy in America, 1940–1945.Nicolas Rasmussen - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (3):311-349.
  27. added 2019-06-06
    The First Molecular Models for an Electromagnetic Theory of Dispersion and Some Aspects of Physics at the End of the Nineteenth Century.Bruno Carazza & Nadia Robotti - 1996 - Annals of Science 53 (6):587-607.
    The first models for an electromagnetic theory of dispersion are presented and an attempt is made to demonstrate the important role played by study of this phenomenon at the end of the nineteenth century. As well as indicating the need to have a better understanding of the microscopic properties of matter, dispersion also contributed to the discussion over the nature of X-rays and was fundamental for introduction of Lorentz's electron theory.
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    Review of The Creation of Scientific Effects: Heinrich Hertz and Electric Waves by Jed Z. Buchwald. [REVIEW]Davis Baird - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (1):141-143.
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    The Role of Theory in Experimental Life.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (4):673-679.
    We consider an electron in a 1 D random adiabatically changing potential. We demonstrate that the positions of the maxima of an electron eigenstate probability density do not move even when the change of the potential is significant. We show that at the same time the main maximum hops by a distance of the order of the size of the system. We present arguments that such hopping of electron localization position happens also in two and three dimensions.
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    Ryan D. Tweney and David Gooding , Michael Faraday's ‘Chemical Notes, Hints, Suggestions and Objects of Pursuit’ of 1822, London: Peter Peregrinus in Association with the Science Museum, 1991. Pp. Xvii + 152. ISBN 0-86341-255-6. £29.00. [REVIEW]Frank James - 1993 - British Journal for the History of Science 26 (1):97-97.
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  31. added 2019-06-06
    Daniel M. Siegel, Innovation in Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theory: Molecular Vortices, Displacement Current, and Light. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Pp. X + 225. ISBN 0-521-35365-3. £30.00, $49.50. [REVIEW]Ben Marsden - 1993 - British Journal for the History of Science 26 (1):116-117.
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    P. M. Harman . The Scientific Letters and Papers of James Clerk Maxwell. Volume I: 1846–1862. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Pp. Xxviii + 748. ISBN 0-521-25625-9. £135.00, $195. [REVIEW]J. Z. Buchwald - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (3):369-371.
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    Brian Bowers and Lenore Symons , Curiosity Perfectly Satisfyed: Faraday's Travels in Europe, 1813–1815. London: Peter Peregrinus Ltd in Association with The Science Museum, 1991. Pp. Xvii + 186. ISBN 0-86341-234-3. £19.00. [REVIEW]Frank James - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (4):473-474.
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  34. added 2019-06-06
    Geoffrey Cantor. Michael Faraday: Sandemanian and Scientist. A Study of Science and Religion in the Nineteenth Century. London: Macmillan, 1991. Pp. Xi + 359. ISBN 0-333-55077-3. £40.00. [REVIEW]Frank James - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (4):471-472.
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    A Study In Theory Unification: The Case of Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theory.Margaret Morrison - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (1):103-145.
  36. added 2019-06-06
    The Discovery of the Zeeman Effect: A Case Study of the Interplay Between Theory and Experiment.Theodore Arabatzis - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (3):365-388.
  37. added 2019-06-06
    Catherine Caufield. Multiple Exposures, Chronicles of the Radiation Age. London: Seeker and Warburg, 1989. Pp. Xii + 304. ISBN 0-436-09478-9. £12.95. [REVIEW]David Cantor - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (2):217-218.
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    James Jeans and Radiation Theory.Rob Hudson - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (1):57.
  39. added 2019-06-06
    Kant, "Naturphilosophi", and Oersted's Discovery of Electromagnetism: A Reassessment.Timothy Shanahan - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (3):287.
    THE DANISH chemist and physicist Hans Christian Oersted (1777-I 851) is recognized by historians of science primarily as the discoverer of electromagnetism. His experiments in 1820 demonstrated a definite lawlike relationship between electrical and magnetic phenomena. The quite general question of whether there is in science such a thing as a “logic of discovery” can in this case be given a more precise formulation. Why was Oersted, rather than another of the many scientists interested in electricity and magnetism in the (...)
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    Robert Friedel & Paul Israel, With Bernard S. Finn. Edison's Electric Light, Biography of an Invention. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1986. Pp. Xvi + 263. ISBN 0-8135-1118-6. $35.00. [REVIEW]Brian Bowers - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (2):227-228.
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    Henk Zandvoort. Models of Scientific Development and the Case of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1986. Pp. Xiii + 305. ISBN 90-277-2351-6. £49.50, Dfl. 115.00. [REVIEW]Andy Pickering - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (4):481-482.
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  42. added 2019-06-06
    H. Hertz: 'The Electrostatic and Electromagnetic Properties of the Cathode Rays Are Either "Nil" or Very Feeble.' A Case-Study of an Experimental Error.Giora Hon - 1987 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 18 (3):367.
  43. added 2019-06-06
    The Heuristic Role of Maxwell's Mechanical Model of Electromagnetic Phenomena.Alan F. Chalmers - 1985 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 17 (4):415.
  44. added 2019-06-06
    Aether/Or: The Creation of Scientific Concepts.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (3):175.
  45. added 2019-06-06
    Monopoles Before Dirac.John Hendry - 1983 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 14 (1):81.
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  46. added 2019-06-06
    The Concept of the Monopole. A Historical and Analytical Case-Study.Helge Kragh - 1981 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (2):141.
  47. added 2019-06-06
    Conceptual and Experimental Bases of Faraday's Denial of Electrostatic Action at a Distance.David Gooding - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (2):117.
  48. added 2019-06-06
    Continuum Mechanics and Field Theory: Thomson and Maxwell.Donald Franklin Moyer - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (1):35.
  49. added 2019-06-06
    Logical Economy in Einstein's "On The Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies".Robert B. Williamson - 1977 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 8 (1):49.
  50. added 2019-06-06
    Energy, Dynamics, Hidden Machinery: Rankine, Thomson and Tait, Maxwell.Donald Franklin Moyer - 1977 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 8 (3):251.
1 — 50 / 1619