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  1. added 2018-09-06
    Choosing Justice: An Experimental Approach to Ethical Theory, Frohlich Norman and Joe A. Oppenheimer. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992, Xiv + 258 Pages. [REVIEW]Harry Brighouse - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (1):127.
  2. added 2018-03-08
    Popper, Rationality and the Possibility of Social Science.Danny Frederick - 2013 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 28 (1):61-75.
    Social science employs teleological explanations which depend upon the rationality principle, according to which people exhibit instrumental rationality. Popper points out that people also exhibit critical rationality, the tendency to stand back from, and to question or criticise, their views. I explain how our critical rationality impugns the explanatory value of the rationality principle and thereby threatens the very possibility of social science. I discuss the relationship between instrumental and critical rationality and show how we can reconcile our critical rationality (...)
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  3. added 2017-10-06
    Are “All-and-Some” Statements Falsifiable After All?: The Example of Utility Theory.Philippe Mongin - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):185-195.
    Popper's well-known demarcation criterion has often been understood to distinguish statements of empirical science according to their logical form. Implicit in this interpretation of Popper's philosophy is the belief that when the universe of discourse of the empirical scientist is infinite, empirical universal sentences are falsifiable but not verifiable, whereas the converse holds for existential sentences. A remarkable elaboration of this belief is to be found in Watkins's early work on the statements he calls “all-and-some,” such as: “For every metal (...)
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  4. added 2017-10-02
    Review of Thaler & Sunstein 'Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness'. [REVIEW]Joel Anderson - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):369-376.
    The present book makes a particularly engaging case for a whole range of policy implications of behavioural economics. The rhetoric is highly compelling, and their approach is already having a significant impact. However, while the wider audience for whom the book is written may not be interested in the justification of the underlying principles, it is precisely the cracks in the foundations that pose the greatest threat to the project. For example, if Thaler and Sunstein are to have any chance (...)
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  5. added 2017-03-03
    Aspects of Realism About Economics.Uskali Mäki - 1998 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 13 (2):301-319.
    A few aspects of the issue of realism are addressed in the context of a social science. The paper looks for adjustments needed in our conceptions of scientiflc realism to accommodate some peculiarities of economics. Ontologically speaking, economics appears to be closely linked to commonsense conceptions of the world, thus the problem of theoretical concepts does not emerge in the same form it is often taken to exist in physics. Theory formation is largely a matter of idealization and isolation among (...)
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  6. added 2017-02-15
    Internal and External.Charles R. Beitz - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):225-238.
    James's Fairness in Trade seeks to offer an account of fair trade that is “internal” to an existing practice he describes as “mutual market reliance.” This paper distinguishes several senses of the distinction between “internal” and “external” that occur in the book and asks how, in its various senses, the distinction shapes and influences judgments about the fairness of the practice.
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  7. added 2017-02-15
    Addressing Ruben's "Internal and External Perspectives".Martin Beckstein - unknown
  8. added 2017-02-15
    The Adjustment of Internal and External Preferences.Miroslava Anđelković - 1993 - Theoria 36 (1):33-50.
  9. added 2017-02-15
    Internal and External Threats to the University.Michael Shattock - 1992 - Minerva 30:147.
  10. added 2017-02-15
    The Internal and External Threats to the University of the 21st-Century-Comments.Ms Dresselhaus, C. Kerr, We Massey, J. Roberts & Ch Townes - 1992 - Minerva 30 (2):148-162.
  11. added 2017-02-14
    Too Close for Comfort and/or Validity.T. Galguera - forthcoming - Ethics.
  12. added 2017-02-14
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Varying the Scale of Financial Incentives Under Real and Hypothetical Conditions.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, C. A. Holt & S. K. Laury - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):417-417.
  13. added 2017-02-14
    When Do Empirical Data Provide Reliable Evidence for a Hypothesis (Theory)? A Review of Deborah G. Mayo's Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge.A. Spanos - 2001 - Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (3):443-453.
  14. added 2017-02-14
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-We Should Not Impose Narrow Restrictions on Psychological Methods.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann & M. Maratsos - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):422-422.
  15. added 2017-02-14
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Behavioral and Economic Approaches to Decision Making: A Common Ground.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, E. Fantino & S. Stolarz-Fantino - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):407-407.
  16. added 2017-02-14
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Participant Skepticism: If You Can't Beat It, Model It.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, C. R. M. McKenzie & J. T. Wixted - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):424-424.
  17. added 2017-02-14
    The Continuing Validity of the Marxian Thought.Z. Cackowski - 1998 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 60:115-130.
  18. added 2017-02-14
    Pramanya (Validity of Knowledge).Gustav Roth - 1992 - In Gustav Roth & H. S. Prasad (eds.), Philosophy, Grammar, and Indology: Essays in Honour of Professor Gustav Roth. Sri Satguru Publications. pp. 20--143.
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  19. added 2017-02-14
    Ethical Validity of Sonyatx.Hira Paul Oangnegi - 1989 - In Maheśa Tivārī (ed.), Perspectives on Buddhist Ethics. Sole Distributor, Eastern Book Linkers.
  20. added 2017-02-14
    Estimating the Incidence of Alcoholism: Validity Considerations.Lee Rocha-Silva - 1982 - Humanitas 8 (1).
  21. added 2017-02-13
    Experiments on an Internal Approach to Typed Algorithms in Analysis.Dag Normann - 2011 - In S. B. Cooper & Andrea Sorbi (eds.), Computability in Context: Computation and Logic in the Real World. World Scientific. pp. 297.
  22. added 2017-02-13
    1. Internal Versus External Singularity.Rm Sainsbury - 2010 - In Robin Jeshion (ed.), New Essays on Singular Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 300.
  23. added 2017-02-13
    Using an Interpreter in Qualitative Interviews: Does It Threaten Validity?Inez Kapborg & Carina Bertero - 2002 - Nursing Inquiry 9 (1):52-56.
  24. added 2017-02-13
    Learning in Economics Experiments.Jacob K. Goeree & Charles A. Holt - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan. pp. 2--1060.
  25. added 2017-02-13
    Textual Analysis in the Historiography of Mentalities: Its External and Internal Problem of Representativity.Arne Jarrick - 2002 - In Dag Prawitz (ed.), Meaning and Interpretation: Conference Held in Stockholm, September 24-26, 1998. Kungl. Vitterhets, Historie Och Antikvitets Akademien. pp. 55--133.
  26. added 2017-02-13
    External, Restricted External, and Internal Negations in a Two-Dimensional Logic.Ingolf Max - 1996 - In H. Wansing (ed.), Negation: A Notion in Focus. W. De Gruyter. pp. 59--85.
  27. added 2017-02-12
    Discussion: Internal Impediments.D. Goldstick - 2013 - Philosophy 88 (2):313-315.
    Not everything that it's FOR you to do is something it's THAT you will do. The compatibilist freedom formula must embrace external and internal impediments. Desires are impediments only when they impede, owing to motivational conflict. But other impediments, external or internal, require merely the potential to impede.
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  28. added 2017-02-12
    Why Does the Traditional Distinction Between Internal and External History Not Hold?Roberto Angeloni - 2010 - Epistemologia 33 (1):65-78.
  29. added 2017-02-12
    "The Implication of Social Cognition for Experimental Economics From the Issue Entitled" Special Issue on Experimental Economics and the Social Embedding of Economic Behavior and Cognition".Christophe Heinz & Nicholas Oliver Bardsley - 2010 - Mind and Society 9 (2):113-118.
  30. added 2017-02-12
    The Universities Between Their Internal and External Enemies: II. [REVIEW]John Roberts - 1994 - Minerva 32 (3):327-333.
  31. added 2017-02-12
    The Internal and External Threats to the University of the Twenty-First Century.Michael Shattock - 1992 - Minerva 30 (2):130-147.
  32. added 2017-02-11
    External and Internal Control in Plant Development.Beáta Oborny - 2004 - Complexity 9 (3):22-28.
  33. added 2017-02-11
    Uncertainty From Internal and External Sources: A Clear Case of Overconfidence.William C. Howell - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):240.
  34. added 2017-02-10
    Warranting the Use of Causal Claims.Menno Rol & Nancy Cartwright - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):189-202.
    To what use can causal claims established in good policy studies be put? We isolate two reasons inferences from study to target fail. First, policy variables do not produce results on their own; they need helping factors. The distribution of helping factors is likely to be unique or local for each study, so one cannot expect external validity to be all that common. Second, researchers often give too concrete a description of the cause in the study for it to carry (...)
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  35. added 2017-02-09
    Drawing Lessons From Case Studies by Enhancing Comparability.A. Ruzzene - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (1):99-120.
    External validity is typically regarded as the downside of case study research by methodologists and social scientists; case studies, however, are often aimed at drawing lessons that are generalizable to new contexts. The gap between the generalizability potential of case studies and the research goals demands closer scrutiny. I suggest that the conclusion that case study research is weak in external validity follows from a set of assumptions that I term the "traditional view," which are disputable at best. In this (...)
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  36. added 2017-02-09
    Gigerenzer's 'External Validity Argument' Against the Heuristics and Biases Program: An Assessment.Andrea Polonioli - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (2):133-148.
    Gigerenzer’s ‘external validity argument’ plays a pivotal role in his critique of the heuristics and biases research program (HB). The basic idea is that (a) the experimental contexts deployed by HB are not representative of the real environment and that (b) the differences between the setting and the real environment are causally relevant, because they result in different performances by the subjects. However, by considering Gigerenzer’s work on frequencies in probability judgments, this essay attempts to show that there are fatal (...)
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  37. added 2017-02-09
    Internal CSR Practices.Irina Soboleva - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:237-260.
    The paper is focused upon the relations of key inside stakeholders—managers and employees whose interests are supposed to be represented by trade unions while shaping internal CSR practices. It discusses real, perceived and desired role of TU in the process and the outcomes of internal CSR in the fields of work related security and access to social benefits. It is demonstrated that the internal social policy of corporate management pursues pragmatic goals seeking the least costly way to compete for skilled (...)
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  38. added 2017-02-09
    Experiment, Theory, World: A Symposium on the Role of Experiments in Economics.Robert Sugden - 2005 - Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):177-184.
    (2005). Experiment, theory, world: A symposium on the role of experiments in economics. Journal of Economic Methodology: Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 177-184. doi: 10.1080/13501780500085943.
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  39. added 2017-02-09
    On the Place of Validity.Robert G. Price - 1992 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 25 (4):341 - 350.
  40. added 2017-02-08
    Entrenchment and Validity.Michael A. Slote - 1974 - Analysis 34 (6):204 - 207.
  41. added 2017-02-07
    Athanasia Chalari, Approaches to the Individual: The Relationship Between Internal and External Conversation.Pekka Kuusela - 2010 - Journal of Critical Realism 9 (2):255-257.
  42. added 2017-02-07
    Experimental Validity and Pragmatic Modes in Empirical Science.Maria Caamano Alegre - 2009 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (1):19-45.
    The purpose of this paper is to show how the degree of experimental validity of scientific procedures is crucially involved in determining two typical pragmatic modes in science, namely, the preservation of useful procedures and the disposal of useless ideas. The term 'pragmatic' will here be used following Schurz's characterisation of being internally pragmatic, as referring to that which proves useful for scientific or epistemic goals. The first part of the paper consists in a characterisation of the notion of experimental (...)
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  43. added 2017-02-03
    Validity in the Cultural Sciences?John Ichael Krois - 2010 - In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court.
  44. added 2017-02-03
    Exploring the Links Between External and Internal Activity From a Cultural-Historical Perspective.Igor Arievitch - 2008 - In B. van Oers (ed.), The Transformation of Learning: Advances in Cultural-Historical Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press. pp. 38--57.
  45. added 2017-02-03
    Demythologizing and the Problem of Validity.Ronald W. Hepburn - 1964 - In Antony Flew (ed.), New Essays in Philosophical Theology. New York: Macmillan.
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  46. added 2017-02-02
    Curveball.Stephen Jay Gould - unknown
    provides a superb and unusual opportunity to gain insight into the meaning of experiment as a method in science. The primary desideratum in all experiments is reduction of confusing variables: we bring all the buzzing and blooming confusion of the external world into our laboratories and, holding all else constant in our artificial simplicity, try to vary just one potential factor at a time. But many subject defy the use of such an experimental method—particularly most social phenomena—because importation into the (...)
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  47. added 2017-02-02
    Economic Man – or Straw Man?Ken Binmore - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):817-818.
    The target article by Henrich et al. describes some economic experiments carried out in fifteen small-scale societies. The results are broadly supportive of an approach to understanding social norms that is commonplace among game theorists. It is therefore perverse that the rhetorical part of the paper should be devoted largely to claiming that “economic man” is an experimental failure that needs to be replaced by an alternative paradigm. This brief commentary contests the paper's caricature of economic theory, and offers a (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-02
    Albrecht Wellmer: Between Spheres of Validity.María Pía Lara - 1995 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 21 (2):1-22.
  49. added 2017-02-02
    Theory Testing in Science—the Case of Solar Neutrinos: Do Crucial Experiments Test Theories or Theorists?Trevor Pinch - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (2):167-187.
  50. added 2017-02-02
    Wu Ch'eng's Approach to Internal Self-Cultivation and External Knowledge-Seeking.David Gedalecia - 1982 - In Hok-lam Chan & William Theodore De Bary (eds.), Yüan Thought: Chinese Thought and Religion Under the Mongols. Columbia University Press.
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