This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

207 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 207
  1. added 2020-05-12
    Prediction Versus Accommodation in Economics.Robert Northcott - 2019 - Journal of Economic Methodology 26 (1):59-69.
    Should we insist on prediction, i.e. on correctly forecasting the future? Or can we rest content with accommodation, i.e. empirical success only with respect to the past? I apply general considerations about this issue to the case of economics. In particular, I examine various ways in which mere accommodation can be sufficient, in order to see whether those ways apply to economics. Two conclusions result. First, an entanglement thesis: the need for prediction is entangled with the methodological role of orthodox (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. added 2020-03-24
    Why Economists Do Not Convince Folks?Tommaso Ostillio - 2019 - The Digital Scholar: Philosopher's Lab 2 (4):168-174.
    This paper argues that economics is epistemologically limited in at least two main ways: first, economics fails at managing uncertainty as effectively as natural sciences do; second, economics assumes that rational patterns of utility maximization are real just to ensure deduction within economic models. Hence, this paper maintains that the high level of abstraction from reality of economics limits its explanations of its constantly changing ontology, i.e. markets. In particular, this paper shows that the epistemological limitations of economics become evident (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. added 2020-03-13
    Measuring Utility: From the Marginal Revolution to Behavioral Economics.Lukas Beck & Anna Alexandrova - 2019 - Journal of Economic Methodology 26 (4):380-384.
    Volume 26, Issue 4, December 2019, Page 380-384.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. added 2019-06-07
    Equilibrium and Disequilibrium in Economic Theory: A Confrontation of the Classical, Marshallian and Walras-Hicksian Conceptions: Michel De Vroey.Michel De Vroey - 1999 - Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):161-185.
    When the economic theory of the last decades becomes a subject of reflection for historians of economic theory, a striking feature which they will have to explain is the demise of the disequilibrium concept. Previously, economists had no qualms concerning the view that the market or the economy was exhibiting disequilibria. Amongst many possible quotations, the following, drawn from Viner's well-known article on Marshall, illustrates that.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. added 2019-06-06
    Discussion: Internal Impediments: D. Goldstick.D. Goldstick - 2013 - Philosophy 88 (2):313-315.
    Not everything that it's ‘possible’ FOR you to do is something it's ‘possible’ THAT you will do. The compatibilist freedom formula ‘absence of impediments’ must embrace external and internal – including psychological – impediments. Desires are impediments only when they impede, owing to motivational conflict. But other impediments, external or internal, require merely the potential to impede.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. added 2019-06-06
    Warranting the Use of Causal Claims: A Non-Trivial Case for Interdisciplinarity.Menno Rol & Nancy Cartwright - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):189-202.
    To what use can causal claims established in good policy studies be put? We isolate two reasons inferences from study to target fail. First, policy variables do not produce results on their own; they need helping factors. The distribution of helping factors is likely to be unique or local for each study, so one cannot expect external validity to be all that common. Second, researchers often give too concrete a description of the cause in the study for it to carry (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7. added 2019-06-06
    Review of Experimental Economics: Rethinking the Rules. [REVIEW]Andrew Caplin - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):179-183.
  8. added 2019-06-06
    Review of The Social Epistemology of Experimental Economics. [REVIEW]Martin Jones - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (1):64-69.
  9. added 2019-06-06
    External Validity and Libraries of Phenomena: A Critique of Guala's Methodology of Experimental Economics: Martin K. Jones.Martin K. Jones - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (3):247-271.
    Francesco Guala has developed some novel and radical ideas on the problem of external validity, a topic that has not received much attention in the experimental economics literature. In this paper I argue that his views on external validity are not justified and the conclusions which he draws from these views, if widely adopted, could substantially undermine the experimental economics enterprise. In rejecting the justification of these views, the paper reaffirms the importance of experiments in economics.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10. added 2019-06-06
    Review of Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science. [REVIEW]Julian Reiss - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):382-390.
  11. added 2019-06-06
    Rejoinder: The “Ambiguity Aversion Literature: A Critical Assessment”: Nabil I. Al-Najjar and Jonathan Weinstein.Nabil I. Al-Najjar - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (3):357-369.
    The pioneering contributions of Bewley, Gilboa and Schmeidler highlighted important weaknesses in the foundations of economics and game theory. The Bayesian methodology on which these fields are based does not answer such basic questions as what makes beliefs reasonable, or how agents should form beliefs and expectations. Providing the initial impetus for debating these issues is a contribution that will have the lasting value it deserves.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. added 2019-06-06
    No Revolution Necessary: Neural Mechanisms for Economics: Carl F. Craver and Anna Alexandrova.Carl F. Craver - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):381-406.
    We argue that neuroeconomics should be a mechanistic science. We defend this view as preferable both to a revolutionary perspective, according to which classical economics is eliminated in favour of neuroeconomics, and to a classical economic perspective, according to which economics is insulated from facts about psychology and neuroscience. We argue that, like other mechanistic sciences, neuroeconomics will earn its keep to the extent that it either reconfigures how economists think about decision-making or how neuroscientists think about brain mechanisms underlying (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  13. added 2019-06-06
    Neuroeconomics: A Critical Reconsideration: Glenn W. Harrison.Glenn W. Harrison - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):303-344.
    Understanding more about how the brain functions should help us understand economic behaviour. But some would have us believe that it has done this already, and that insights from neuroscience have already provided insights in economics that we would not otherwise have. Much of this is just academic marketing hype, and to get down to substantive issues we need to identify that fluff for what it is. After we clear away the distractions, what is left? The answer is that a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  14. added 2019-06-06
    An ‘Inexact’ Philosophy of Economics?: Roger E. Backhouse.Roger E. Backhouse - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (1):25-37.
    The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics represents the most ambitious attempt to provide a systematic account of economic methodology since the first edition of Blaug's The Methodology of Economics. As such, it has been the subject of extensive critical commentary. For all the attention it has received, however, some important aspects of the book's thesis have not been developed properly. Two important ones are what might be called, following the terminology used in the experimental economics literature, the ‘framing effect’ (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15. added 2019-06-06
    A Bayesian Treatment of Duhem's Thesis: The Case of the ‘Farm Problem’ in Agricultural Economics: David Dearmont and David A. Bessler.David Dearmont - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (2):149-158.
    In this paper we consider a Bayesian treatment of ‘Duhem's thesis’, the proposition that theories are never refuted on empirical grounds because they cannot be tested in isolation from auxiliary hypotheses about initial conditions or the operation of scientific instruments. Sawyer, Beed, and Sankey consider Duhem's thesis and its role in hypothesis testing, using four theories from economics and finance as examples. Here we consider Duhem's thesis in the context of theory choice, econometric results, and the ‘farm problem’ in agricultural (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. added 2019-06-06
    The Logic of Causal Inference: Econometrics and the Conditional Analysis of Causation: Kevin D. Hoover.Kevin D. Hoover - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):207-234.
    Discontented people might talk of corruption in the Commons, closeness in the Commons and the necessity of reforming the Commons, said Mr. Spenlow solemnly, in conclusion; but when the price of wheat per bushel had been the highest, the Commons had been the busiest; and a man might lay his hand upon his heart, and say this to the whole world, – ‘Touch the Commons, and down comes the country!’.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  17. added 2019-06-06
    Laboratory Experimentation in Economics: Alvin E. Roth.Alvin E. Roth - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):245-273.
  18. added 2019-06-05
    Why a Trade-Off? The Relationship Between the External and Internal Validity of Experiments.Maria Jimenez-Buedo & Luis Miguel Miller - 2010 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 25 (3):301-321.
    Much of the methodological discussion around experiments in economics and other social sciences is framed in terms of the notions of internal and external validity. The standard view is that internal validity and external validity stand in a relationship best described as a _trade-off_. However, it is also commonly held that internal validity is a _prerequisite_ to external validity. This article addresses the problem of the compatibility of these two ideas and analyzes critically the standard arguments about the conditions under (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  19. added 2018-09-06
    Choosing Justice: An Experimental Approach to Ethical Theory, Frohlich Norman and Joe A. Oppenheimer. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992, Xiv + 258 Pages. [REVIEW]Harry Brighouse - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (1):127.
  20. added 2018-03-08
    Popper, Rationality and the Possibility of Social Science.Danny Frederick - 2013 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 28 (1):61-75.
    Social science employs teleological explanations which depend upon the rationality principle, according to which people exhibit instrumental rationality. Popper points out that people also exhibit critical rationality, the tendency to stand back from, and to question or criticise, their views. I explain how our critical rationality impugns the explanatory value of the rationality principle and thereby threatens the very possibility of social science. I discuss the relationship between instrumental and critical rationality and show how we can reconcile our critical rationality (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  21. added 2017-10-06
    Are “All-and-Some” Statements Falsifiable After All?: The Example of Utility Theory.Philippe Mongin - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):185-195.
    Popper's well-known demarcation criterion has often been understood to distinguish statements of empirical science according to their logical form. Implicit in this interpretation of Popper's philosophy is the belief that when the universe of discourse of the empirical scientist is infinite, empirical universal sentences are falsifiable but not verifiable, whereas the converse holds for existential sentences. A remarkable elaboration of this belief is to be found in Watkins's early work on the statements he calls “all-and-some,” such as: “For every metal (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  22. added 2017-10-02
    Review of Thaler & Sunstein 'Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness'. [REVIEW]Joel Anderson - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):369-376.
    The present book makes a particularly engaging case for a whole range of policy implications of behavioural economics. The rhetoric is highly compelling, and their approach is already having a significant impact. However, while the wider audience for whom the book is written may not be interested in the justification of the underlying principles, it is precisely the cracks in the foundations that pose the greatest threat to the project. For example, if Thaler and Sunstein are to have any chance (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23. added 2017-03-03
    Aspects of Realism About Economics.Uskali Mäki - 1998 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 13 (2):301-319.
    A few aspects of the issue of realism are addressed in the context of a social science. The paper looks for adjustments needed in our conceptions of scientiflc realism to accommodate some peculiarities of economics. Ontologically speaking, economics appears to be closely linked to commonsense conceptions of the world, thus the problem of theoretical concepts does not emerge in the same form it is often taken to exist in physics. Theory formation is largely a matter of idealization and isolation among (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24. added 2017-02-15
    Internal and External.Charles R. Beitz - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):225-238.
    James's Fairness in Trade seeks to offer an account of fair trade that is “internal” to an existing practice he describes as “mutual market reliance.” This paper distinguishes several senses of the distinction between “internal” and “external” that occur in the book and asks how, in its various senses, the distinction shapes and influences judgments about the fairness of the practice.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  25. added 2017-02-15
    Addressing Ruben's "Internal and External Perspectives".Martin Beckstein - unknown
  26. added 2017-02-15
    The Adjustment of Internal and External Preferences.Miroslava Anđelković - 1993 - Theoria 36 (1):33-50.
  27. added 2017-02-15
    The Internal and External Threats to the University of the 21st-Century-Comments.Ms Dresselhaus, C. Kerr, We Massey, J. Roberts & Ch Townes - 1992 - Minerva 30 (2):148-162.
  28. added 2017-02-15
    Internal and External Threats to the University.Michael Shattock - 1992 - Minerva 30:147.
  29. added 2017-02-14
    Too Close for Comfort and/or Validity.T. Galguera - forthcoming - Ethics.
  30. added 2017-02-14
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Varying the Scale of Financial Incentives Under Real and Hypothetical Conditions.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, C. A. Holt & S. K. Laury - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):417-417.
    The use of high hypothetical payoffs has been justified by the realism and relevance of large monetary consequences and by the impracticality of making high cash payments. We argue that subjects may not be able to imagine how they would behave in high payoff situations.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. added 2017-02-14
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-We Should Not Impose Narrow Restrictions on Psychological Methods.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann & M. Maratsos - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):422-422.
    Hertwig and Ortmann suggest greater standardization of procedures in experimental psychology to help with problems of replicability and consistency of findings. It is argued that, this view is inconsistent with their other interesting proposals, and heterogeneity of method is appropriate in psychology.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. added 2017-02-14
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Behavioral and Economic Approaches to Decision Making: A Common Ground.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, E. Fantino & S. Stolarz-Fantino - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):407-407.
    Experimental psychologists in the learning tradition stress the importance of three of the authors' four key variables of experimental design. We review research investigating the roles played by these variables in studies of choice from our laboratory. Supporting the authors' claims, these studies show that the effects of these variables are not fixed and should not be taken for granted.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. added 2017-02-14
    When Do Empirical Data Provide Reliable Evidence for a Hypothesis (Theory)? A Review of Deborah G. Mayo's Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge.A. Spanos - 2001 - Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (3):443-453.
  34. added 2017-02-14
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Participant Skepticism: If You Can't Beat It, Model It.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, C. R. M. McKenzie & J. T. Wixted - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):424-424.
    For a variety of reasons, including the common use of deception in psychology experiments, participants often disbelieve experimenters' assertions about important task parameters. This can lead researchers to conclude incorrectly that participants are behaving non- normatively. The problem can be overcome by deriving and testing normative models that do not assume full belief in key task parameters. A real experimental example is discussed.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35. added 2017-02-14
    The Continuing Validity of the Marxian Thought.Z. Cackowski - 1998 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 60:115-130.
  36. added 2017-02-14
    Pramanya (Validity of Knowledge).Gustav Roth - 1992 - In Gustav Roth & H. S. Prasad (eds.), Philosophy, Grammar, and Indology: Essays in Honour of Professor Gustav Roth. Sri Satguru Publications. pp. 20--143.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. added 2017-02-14
    Ethical Validity of Sonyatx.Hira Paul Oangnegi - 1989 - In Maheśa Tivārī (ed.), Perspectives on Buddhist Ethics. Sole Distributor, Eastern Book Linkers.
  38. added 2017-02-14
    Estimating the Incidence of Alcoholism: Validity Considerations.Lee Rocha-Silva - 1982 - Humanitas 8 (1).
  39. added 2017-02-13
    Experiments on an Internal Approach to Typed Algorithms in Analysis.Dag Normann - 2011 - In S. B. Cooper & Andrea Sorbi (eds.), Computability in Context: Computation and Logic in the Real World. World Scientific. pp. 297.
  40. added 2017-02-13
    1. Internal Versus External Singularity.Rm Sainsbury - 2010 - In Robin Jeshion (ed.), New Essays on Singular Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 300.
  41. added 2017-02-13
    Learning in Economics Experiments.Jacob K. Goeree & Charles A. Holt - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan. pp. 2--1060.
  42. added 2017-02-13
    Using an Interpreter in Qualitative Interviews: Does It Threaten Validity?Inez Kapborg & Carina Bertero - 2002 - Nursing Inquiry 9 (1):52-56.
  43. added 2017-02-13
    Textual Analysis in the Historiography of Mentalities: Its External and Internal Problem of Representativity.Arne Jarrick - 2002 - In Dag Prawitz (ed.), Meaning and Interpretation: Conference Held in Stockholm, September 24-26, 1998. Kungl. Vitterhets, Historie Och Antikvitets Akademien. pp. 55--133.
  44. added 2017-02-13
    External, Restricted External, and Internal Negations in a Two-Dimensional Logic.Ingolf Max - 1996 - In H. Wansing (ed.), Negation: A Notion in Focus. W. De Gruyter. pp. 59--85.
  45. added 2017-02-12
    "The Implication of Social Cognition for Experimental Economics From the Issue Entitled" Special Issue on Experimental Economics and the Social Embedding of Economic Behavior and Cognition".Christophe Heinz & Nicholas Oliver Bardsley - 2010 - Mind and Society 9 (2):113-118.
    Can human social cognitive processes and social motives be grasped by the methods of experimental economics? Experimental studies of strategic cognition and social preferences contribute to our understanding of the social aspects of economic decisions making. Yet, papers in this issue argue that the social aspects of decision-making introduce several difficulties for interpreting the results of economic experiments. In particular, the laboratory is itself a social context, and in many respects a rather distinctive one, which raises questions of external validity.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. added 2017-02-12
    The Universities Between Their Internal and External Enemies: II. [REVIEW]John Roberts - 1994 - Minerva 32 (3):327-333.
  47. added 2017-02-12
    The Internal and External Threats to the University of the Twenty-First Century.Michael Shattock - 1992 - Minerva 30 (2):130-147.
  48. added 2017-02-11
    External and Internal Control in Plant Development.Beáta Oborny - 2004 - Complexity 9 (3):22-28.
  49. added 2017-02-11
    Uncertainty From Internal and External Sources: A Clear Case of Overconfidence.William C. Howell - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):240.
  50. added 2017-02-09
    Drawing Lessons From Case Studies by Enhancing Comparability.Attilia Ruzzene - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (1):99-120.
    External validity is typically regarded as the downside of case study research by methodologists and social scientists; case studies, however, are often aimed at drawing lessons that are generalizable to new contexts. The gap between the generalizability potential of case studies and the research goals demands closer scrutiny. I suggest that the conclusion that case study research is weak in external validity follows from a set of assumptions that I term the "traditional view," which are disputable at best. In this (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 207