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Subcategories:History/traditions: Empiricism

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  1. Empiricism Without Magic: Transformational Abstraction in Deep Convolutional Neural Networks.Cameron Buckner - 2018 - Synthese (12):1-34.
    In artificial intelligence, recent research has demonstrated the remarkable potential of Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (DCNNs), which seem to exceed state-of-the-art performance in new domains weekly, especially on the sorts of very difficult perceptual discrimination tasks that skeptics thought would remain beyond the reach of artificial intelligence. However, it has proven difficult to explain why DCNNs perform so well. In philosophy of mind, empiricists have long suggested that complex cognition is based on information derived from sensory experience, often appealing to (...)
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  2. Hume's Philosophy of Irreligion and the Myth of British Empiricism.Paul Russell - 2016 - In The Oxford Handbook of HUME. New York, NY, USA: pp. 109-37.
    This chapter outlines an alternative interpretation of Hume’s philosophy, one that aims, among other things, to explain some of the most perplexing puzzles concerning the relationship between Hume’s skepticism and his naturalism. The key to solving these puzzles, it is argued, rests with recognizing Hume’s fundamental irreligious aims and objectives, beginning with his first and greatest work, A Treatise of Human Nature. The irreligious interpretation not only reconfigures our understanding of the unity and structure of Hume’s thought, it also provides (...)
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  3. Empirismus, naturalismus a ideje.Tomas Hribek - 2017 - Filosoficky Casopis 2 (65):297-315.
    [Empiricism, Naturalism, and Ideas] The author analyses the modern reception of key themes in Hume’s philosophy during the past century. The first part presents Hume’s version of three such themes – empi­ricism, naturalism and the theory of ideas. The following three parts give an exposition of modern forms of each of these themes, with the choice of modern reception being directed to those contemporary authors who not only developed Hume’s motifs in the most original way, but who also explicitly traced (...)
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  4. Introduction to Newton and Empiricism.Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser - 2014 - In Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Newton and Empiricism. Oxford University Press. pp. 1-15.
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  5. Peirce on Intuition, Instinct, and Common Sense.Kenneth Boyd & Diana Heney - 2017 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy (2).
    In addition to being a founder of American pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce was a scientist and an empiricist. A core aspect of his thoroughgoing empiricism was a mindset that treats all attitudes as revisable. His fallibilism seems to require us to constantly seek out new information, and to not be content holding any beliefs uncritically. At the same time, Peirce often states that common sense has an important role to play in both scientific and vital inquiry, and that there cannot (...)
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  6. Family Pictures. [REVIEW]Shelley M. Park - 2001 - Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering 3 (2):185-86.
  7. Epistemological Perspectives in Late Antiquity – A Dialog Between Rationalism and Empiricism in the Scientific Writings.Adrian Muraru - 2012 - Logos and Episteme 3 (2):309-321.
    Given the particular character of Ancient Literature, I considered it useful to approach the issue from the perspective of the Philosophy of Science: Epistemologyand the Philosophy of Science stem from the same source, and this aspect is all the more patent for Antiquity. In fact, the two perspectives that I mentioned in the subtitle, Empiricism and Rationalism, both represent epistemological choices and approaches specific to the Sciences, as well as to the Philosophy of Science, in the manner that they were (...)
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  8. Empiricism and Ethics.J. J. C. Smart & D. H. Monro - 1969 - Philosophical Review 78 (2):259.
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  9. Empiricism and Rationalism.John-Michael Kuczynski - 2016 - Amazon Digital Services LLC.
    Empiricism is the doctrine that all knowledge has a strictly observational basis. Rationalism is the doctrine that least some knowledge has non-observational, purely conceptual basis. In the present work, empiricism is carefully considered and found to have four dire shortcomings: -/- (1) Empiricism cannot account for our knowledge of what doesn't exist, let alone what cannot exist. -/- (2) Empiricism cannot account for our knowledge of dependence-relations, given (1), coupled with the fact that 'P depends on Q' is equivalent with (...)
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  10. The Aesthetic Relevance of Empirical Findings.Fabian Dorsch - 2011 - Kongress-Akten der Deutschen Gesellschaft Für Ästhetik 2:1-21.
    Empirical findings may be relevant for aesthetic evaluation in at least two ways. First — within criticism — they may help us to identify the aesthetic value of objects. Second— whithin philosophy — they may help us to decide which theory of aesthetic value and evaluation to prefer. In this paper, I address both kinds of relevance. My focus is thereby on empirical evidence gathered, not by means of first-personal experiences, but by means of third-personal scientific investigations of individual artworks (...)
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  11. The Limits of Aesthetic Empiricism.Fabian Dorsch - 2014 - In Gregory Currie, Matthew Kieran, Aaron Meskin & Jon Robson (eds.), Aesthetics and the Sciences of Mind. Oxford University Press. pp. 75-100.
    In this chapter, I argue against empiricist positions which claim that empirical evidence can be sufficient to defeasibly justify aesthetic judgements, or judgements about the adequacy of aesthetic judgements, or sceptical judgements about someone's capacity to form adequate aesthetic judgements. First, empirical evidence provides neither inferential, nor non-inferential justification for aesthetic opinions. Second, while empirical evidence may tell us how we do respond aesthetically to artworks, it cannot tell us how we should respond to them. And, third, empirical insights into (...)
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  12. De Gravitatione Reconsidered: The Changing Significance of Empirical Evidence for Newton's Metaphysics of Space.Zvi Biener - unknown
    I argue that Isaac Newton's De Gravitatione should not be considered an authoritative expression of his thought about the metaphysics of space and its relation to physical inquiry. I establish the following narrative: In De Gravitatione (circa 1668–84), Newton claimed he had direct experimental evidence for the work's central thesis: that space had "its own manner of existing" as an affection or emanative effect. In the 1710s, however, through the prodding of Roger Cotes and G. W. Leibniz, he came to (...)
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  13. Objectivity, Empiricism and Truth.R. W. Newell - 2016 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1986. Wittgenstein, William James, Thomas Kuhn and John Wisdom share an attitude towards problems in the theory of knowledge which is fundamentally in conflict with the empiricist tradition. They encourage the idea that in understanding the central concepts of epistemology – objectivity, certainty and reasoning – people and their practices matter most. This clash between orthodox empiricism and a freshly inspired pragmatism forms the background to the strands of argument in this book. With these philosophers as a (...)
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  14. The Philospohical Background and Scientific Legacy of E. B. Titchener's Psychology: Understanding Introspectionism.Christian Beenfeldt - 2013 - Springer.
    ​This volume offers a new understanding of Titchener’s influential system of psychology popularly known as introspectionism, structuralism and as classical introspective psychology. Adopting a new perspective on introspectionism and seeking to assess the reasons behind its famous implosion, this book reopens and rewrites the chapter in the history of early scientific psychology pertaining to the nature of E. B. Titchener’s psychological system. -/- Arguing against the view that Titchener’s system was undone by an overreliance on introspection, the author explains how (...)
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  15. Empiricism and After.Jim Bogen - unknown
    Familiar versions of empiricism overemphasize and misconstrue the importance of perceptual experience. I discuss their main shortcomings and sketch an alternative framework for thinking about how human sensory systems contribute to scientific knowledge.
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  16. Empirismo senza fondamenti - Cinque lezioni su "Empirismo e filosofia della mente".Andrea Guardo - 2007 - Milano: CUEM.
    A study guide to Wilfrid Sellars’ “Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind”.
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  17. Objectivity, Empiricism and Truth.R. W. Newell - 2015 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1986. Wittgenstein, William James, Thomas Kuhn and John Wisdom share an attitude towards problems in the theory of knowledge which is fundamentally in conflict with the empiricist tradition. They encourage the idea that in understanding the central concepts of epistemology – objectivity, certainty and reasoning – people and their practices matter most. This clash between orthodox empiricism and a freshly inspired pragmatism forms the background to the strands of argument in this book. With these philosophers as a (...)
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  18. The Empirical Stance.Bas C. van Fraassen - 2004 - Yale University Press.
    What is empiricism and what could it be? Bas C. van Fraassen, one of the world’s foremost contributors to philosophical logic and the philosophy of science, here undertakes a fresh consideration of these questions and offers a program for renewal of the empiricist tradition. The empiricist tradition is not and could not be defined by common doctrines, but embodies a certain stance in philosophy, van Fraassen says. This stance is displayed first of all in a searing, recurrent critique of metaphysics, (...)
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  19. Newton and Empiricism (Eds. Biener and Schliesser). [REVIEW]Patrick J. Connolly - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):334-336.
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  20. La Philosophie des Sciences Une Introduction Critique.Yvon Gauthier - 1995
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  21. Rebels Without Causes Empiricism Vs Realism in Political Analysis.Alistair Edwards - 1992 - Department of Government, University of Manchester.
  22. A Role for Quasi-Empiricism in Mathematics Education.Eduard Glas - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 731-753.
    Although there are quite a few directions in modern philosophy of mathematics that invoke some essential role for (quasi-)empirical material, this chapter will be devoted exclusively to what may be considered the seminal tradition. This enabled me to present the subject as one coherent whole and to forestall the discussion getting scattered in a diversity of directions without doing justice to any one of them. -/- Quasi-empiricism in this tradition is the view that the logic of mathematical inquiry is based, (...)
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  23. Empiricism in Ethics.N. Westendrop Boerma - 1946 - Synthese 5 (1/2):26.
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  24. Observability and Observation in Physical Science.Peter Kosso - 1986 - Dissertation, University of Minnesota
    The concept of observability of entities in physical science is typically analyzed in terms of the nature and significance of a dichotomy between observables and unobservables. In the present work, however, this categorization is resisted and observability is analyzed in a descriptive way in terms of the information which one can receive through interaction with objects in the world. The account of interaction and the transfer of information is done using applicable scientific theories. In this way, the question of observability (...)
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  25. Empiricism and Current Linguistic Theory.Thomas Eugene Wood - 1975 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
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  26. Prospects of a Modest Empiricism I, II.Israel Schrader - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 10:602.
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  27. Prospects of a Modest Empiricism I, II.Israel Scheffler - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 10:383.
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  28. R.F. Holland, Against Empiricism. [REVIEW]Robert Richman - 1982 - Philosophy in Review 2:222-224.
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  29. Consistent Empiricism.E. I. Watkin - 1952 - Hibbert Journal 51:29.
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  30. Empiricist Activity is Not Scientific Activity: A Philosophical Critique of Process-Product Research on Teaching.John Harrison Chambers - 1990 - Dissertation, Columbia University Teachers College
    Process-Product research uses observation, experiment and statistics to attempt to show that some ways of teaching are superior to others. There is a difference between scientific research and empiricist research, and Process-Product research is empiricist rather than scientific as its practitioners claim. Both empiricist and scientific research are however empirical, i.e. both attempt to discover and explain the world of empirical phenomena. ;The striking differences between scientific and empiricist enterprizes are demonstrated through comparing examples from astronomy and physics, chemistry, biology (...)
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  31. HOLLAND, R. F. "Against Empiricism: On Education, Epistemology and Value". [REVIEW]J. White - 1982 - Mind 91:465.
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  32. MONRO, D. H. - "Empiricism and Ethics". [REVIEW]A. C. Ewing - 1968 - Mind 77:445.
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  33. A Critique of Empiricism in Recent Ethical Theory.Robert King Fullinwider - 1970 - Dissertation, Purdue University
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  34. Some Problems in Recent Empiricism.Alan Pasch - 1955 - Dissertation, Princeton University
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  35. MONRO, D. H.: Empiricism and Ethics.R. G. Durrant - 1967 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 45:218.
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  36. NEWELL, R. W. Objectivity, Empiricism and Truth. [REVIEW]Jane Heal - 1987 - Philosophy 62:396.
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  37. MONRO, D. H.-"Empiricism and Ethics". [REVIEW]Bernard Mayo - 1968 - Philosophy 43:69.
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  38. Empiricism and its Evolution a Marxist View.George Edward Novack - 1971 - Pathfinder Press.
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  39. Principles of Empirical Realism: Philosophical Essays.Donald Cary Williams - 1966 - Charles C. Thomas.
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  40. The Discovery of the Laws of Kepler: A Study in the Interaction Among Empirical Science, Philosophy, and Religion.Job Kozhamthadam - 1986 - Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park
    Despite Kepler's candid and detailed report on the discovery of his first two laws, the problem of the origin of these laws still remains unresolved. Attempts to unravel the problem have varied from considering the discovery a chance to one arising from a well-reasoned, patient, and systematic empirical study of Tycho Brahe's observations . On the issue of the influence of non-scientific factors on this discovery also various views exist. Small and Dreyer do not even consider this question. Strong and, (...)
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  41. Empiricism and Necessary Truth.Fred Ivan Goldberg - 1969 - Dissertation, Brandeis University
  42. Telling Knowledge: The Facts of Empiricism and Imaginative Literature, 1560-1680.Elizabeth Anne Spiller - 1995 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    Telling Knowledge explores the impact of empiricism on the discourse of natural philosophy and imaginative literature between 1560 and 1680. Empiricism established new epistemological standards, giving philosophers tools to make observations, assess evidence, and agree upon truth claims. In its search for unmediated experiential evidence, however, empiricism critiqued classical textual traditions. What empiricism lacked was an accepted form of discourse to record its new knowledge. This vacuum prompted writers to rethink what it meant to "tell" the truth. ;Individual chapters look (...)
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  43. Le Physicalisme Dans le Cadre de L'empirisme Intégral.Julien Pacotte - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (8):221-221.
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  44. The Scientific Approach to Philosophy.H. Wildon Carr - 1926 - Philosophical Review 35 (5):477-481.
  45. Epistemológia Ako Vedná Disciplína?Ján Rybár - 1994 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 1 (1):109-122.
    The epistemology is the analysis of principles, foundations, structures and conditions of the scientific knowledge. Is it possible to solve these problems by scientific means and ways only? The traditional empirical epistemology was refuted on ground of the scientific research of perception, behavior, language etc. In this respect N. Chomskyś contribution is considerable. But what his solution represents is the neocartesian interpretation of the language competence. J. Piaget and his followers do not agree with the conception of N. Chomsky. According (...)
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  46. On Constructive Legal Science Then and Now.Uta Bindreiter - 2011 - Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 97 (1):78-106.
    The article purports, firstly, to shed some light on the meaning of the verb “to construct”, used by the German jurists Gerber and Jhering in connection with their juristic technique; and, secondly, to establish whether or not three more modern types of jurisprudence, suggested by Swedish legal scholars, can legitimately be called constructive. Not intending to criticize the theories which these suggestions are based upon, the author contents herself with focussing on the verb “to construct” and its derivatives and on (...)
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  47. Foundations of Empiricism. [REVIEW]T. L. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):581-581.
  48. An Empirical Critique of Empiricism.Richard De Brasi & Joseph R. Laracy - 2013 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 16 (4):124-163.
    [A] thorough definition of empiricism is no simple task. In this article, we will instead attempt an overarching exposition of two overlapping but divergent paradigms of empiricism: (a) strict empiricism, representing most of the British empiricists and ancient skeptics and (b) mitigated, or metaphysical,1 empiricism represented by Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas. Sense experience is the unifying departure point for both, but while (b) says that human knowledge begins with sense experience, (a) tends to ultimately reduce knowledge to sense experience. (...)
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  49. Quine.Geert Keil - 2011 - Reclam.
    Den Spuren des amerikanischen Philosophen Willard Van Orman Quine (1908-2000) begegnet man in der theoretischen Philosophie der Gegenwart auf Schritt und Tritt. Dies zeigt schon die lange Liste der Thesen und Stichworte, die mit seinem Namen verbunden sind: Kritik der Analytisch-synthetisch-Unterscheidung, Duhem-Quine-These des wissenschaftstheoretischen Holismus, die Dogmen des Empirismus, radikale Übersetzung, Unbestimmtheit der Übersetzung, ontologische Relativität, Flucht vor den Intensionen, Naturalisierung der Erkenntnistheorie. -/- Quine verstand die Philosophie als ein wissenschaftliches oder wissenschaftsbegleitendes Unternehmen. Sein Werk lässt sich den Disziplinen Erkenntnistheorie, (...)
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  50. Newton and Empiricism.Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first volume of original commissioned papers on the subject of Newton and empiricism. The chapters, contributed by a leading team of both established and younger international scholars, explore the nature and extent of Newton's relationship to a variety of empiricisms and empiricists.
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