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  1. Beyond the Laboratory: Scientists as Political Activists in 1930s America. [REVIEW]378 380 - 1988 - British Journal for the History of Science 21 (3):378-380.
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  2. What's In a Name? Pragmatism, Essentialism, and Environmental Ethics.A. Michael Mark - 2003 - Environmental Values 12 (3):361-379.
    Essentialists like J. Baird Callicott have argued that one cannot have an environmental ethic unless one adopts the nonanthropocentric principle, which holds that things other than humans can be morally considerable in their own right, typically because they are thought to be intrinsically valuable. Pragmatists like Bryan Norton reject this; they claim that environmental ethics has no core or essence, and hence that the nonanthropocentric principle is not essential to an environmental ethic. Norton advances as an alternative the Convergence Hypothesis, (...)
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  3. 'Other Animal Ethics' and the Demand for Difference.E. Aaltola - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (2):193-209.
    Traditionally animal ethics has criticised the anthropocentric worldview according to which humans differ categorically from the rest of the nature in some morally relevant way. It has claimed that even though there are differences, there are also crucial similarities between humans and animals that make it impossible to draw a categorical distinction between humans who are morally valuable and animals which are not. This argument, according to which animals and humans share common characteristics that lead to moral value, is at (...)
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  4. Species Conservation and Minority Rights: The Case of Springtime Bird Hunting in Aland.E. Aaltola & M. Oksanen - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (4):443-460.
    The article examines the case of springtime bird hunting in Åland from a moral point of view. In Åland springtime hunting has been a cultural practice for centuries but is now under investigation due to the EU Directive on the protection of birds. The main question of the article is whether restrictions on bird hunting have a sound basis. We approach this question by analysing three principles: The animal rights principle states that if hunting is not necessary for survival, it (...)
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  5. Animal Ethics and the Argument From Absurdity.Elisa Aaltola - 2010 - Environmental Values 19 (1):79-98.
    Arguments for the inherent value, equality of interests,or rights of non-human animals have presented a strong challenge for the anthropocentric worldview. However, they have been met with criticism.One form of criticism maintains that,regardless of their theoretical consistency,these 'pro-animal arguments' cannot be accepted due to their absurdity. Often, particularly inter-species interest conflicts are brought to the fore: if pro-animal arguments were followed,we could not solve interest conflicts between species,which is absurd. Because of this absurdity, the arguments need to be abandoned. The (...)
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  6. The Anthropocentric Paradigm and the Posibility of Animal Ethics.Elisa Aaltola - 2010 - Ethics and the Environment 15 (1):pp. 27-50.
    Animal ethics has presented various 'pro-animal arguments' according to which non-human animals have a more significant moral status than traditionally assumed. Although these arguments (brought forward, for instance, by Peter Singer, Tom Regan, Mary Midgley, Stephen Clark, and Mark Rowlands) have been met with various forms of criticism, a quick overview of animal ethics literature suggests that they are difficult to overcome. Pro-animal arguments seem to have consistency and argumentative support on their side. However, recently a new type of criticism (...)
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  7. Other Animal Ethics and the Demand for Difference.Elisa Aaltola - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (2):193-209.
    Traditionally animal ethics has criticised the anthropocentric worldview according to which humans differ categorically from the rest of the nature in some morally relevant way. It has claimed that even though there are differences, there are also crucial similarities between humans and animals that make it impossible to draw a categorical distinction between humans who are morally valuable and animals which are not. This argument, according to which animals and humans share common characteristics that lead to moral value, is at (...)
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  8. Deliberation on GMOs: A Study of How a Citizens' Jury Affects the Citizens' Attitudes.Marianne Aasen & Arild Vatn - 2013 - Environmental Values 22 (4):461-481.
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  9. Comparing Lives and Epistemic Limitations: A Critique of Regan's Lifeboat From An Unprivileged Position.Cheryl E. Abbate - 2015 - Ethics and the Environment 20 (1):1-21.
    In The Case for Animal Rights, Tom Regan argues that although all subjects-of-a-life have equal inherent value, there are often differences in the value of lives. According to Regan, lives that have the highest value are lives which have more possible sources of satisfaction. Regan claims that the highest source of satisfaction, which is available to only rational beings, is the satisfaction associated with thinking impartially about moral choices. Since rational beings can bring impartial reasons to bear on decision making, (...)
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  10. Adventures in Moral Consistency: How to Develop an Abortion Ethic Through an Animal Rights Framework.Cheryl E. Abbate - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (1):145-164.
    In recent discussions, it has been argued that a theory of animal rights is at odds with a liberal abortion policy. In response, Francione (1995) argues that the principles used in the animal rights discourse do not have implications for the abortion debate. I challenge Francione’s conclusion by illustrating that his own framework of animal rights, supplemented by a relational account of moral obligation, can address the moral issue of abortion. I first demonstrate that Francione’s animal rights position, which grounds (...)
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  11. Earth First! And the Monkey Wrench Gang.Edward Abbey - 1983 - Environmental Ethics 5 (1):94-95.
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  12. Earth First! And The Monkey Wrench Gang.Edward Abbey - 1983 - Environmental Ethics 5 (1):94-95.
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  13. Rawlsian Resources for Animal Ethics.Ruth Abbey - 2007 - Ethics and the Environment 12 (1):1-22.
    : This article considers what contribution the work of John Rawls can make to questions about animal ethics. It argues that there are more normative resources in A Theory of Justice for a concern with animal welfare than some of Rawls's critics acknowledge. However, the move from A Theory of Justice to Political Liberalism sees a depletion of normative resources in Rawlsian thought for addressing animal ethics. The article concludes by endorsing the implication of A Theory of Justice that we (...)
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  14. Books, Food and Shelter: An Historical Study of Price and Value.Richard Abel - 1992 - Logos 3 (2):98-103.
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  15. Book Review. [REVIEW]Norman Abeles - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (1):71 – 74.
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  16. Carrying Capacity: The Tradition and Policy Implications of Limits.Virginia Deane Abernethy - 2001 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 2001:9-18.
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  17. Between the Body and the Breathing Earth: A Reply to Ted Toadvine.David Abram - 2005 - Environmental Ethics 27 (2):171-190.
    I take issue with several themes in Ted Toadvine’s lively paper, “Limits of the Flesh,” suggesting that he has significantly misread many of the arguments in The Spell of the Sensuous. I first engage his contention that I disparage reflection and denigrate the written word. Then I take up the assertion that I exclude the symbolic dimension of experience from my account, and indeed that I seek to eliminate the symbolic from our interactions with others. Finally, I refute his claim (...)
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  18. Between the Body and the Breathing Earth.David Abram - 2005 - Environmental Ethics 27 (2):171-190.
    I take issue with several themes in Ted Toadvine’s lively paper, “Limits of the Flesh,” suggesting that he has significantly misread many of the arguments in The Spell of the Sensuous. I first engage his contention that I disparage reflection and denigrate the written word. Then I take up the assertion that I exclude the symbolic dimension of experience from my account, and indeed that I seek to eliminate the symbolic from our interactions with others. Finally, I refute his claim (...)
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  19. Between the Body and the Breathing Earth: A Reply to Ted Toadvine.David Abram - 2005 - Environmental Ethics 27 (2):171-190.
    I take issue with several themes in Ted Toadvine’s lively paper, “Limits of the Flesh,” suggesting that he has significantly misread many of the arguments in The Spell of the Sensuous. I first engage his contention that I disparage reflection and denigrate the written word. Then I take up the assertion that I exclude the symbolic dimension of experience from my account, and indeed that I seek to eliminate the symbolic from our interactions with others. Finally, I refute his claim (...)
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  20. Merleau-Ponty and the Voice of the Earth.David Abram - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (2):101-120.
    Ecologists and environmental theorists have paid little attention to our direct, sensory experience of the enveloping world. In this paper I discuss the importance of such experience for ecological philosophy. Merleau-Ponty’s careful phenomenology of perceptual experience shows perception to be an inherently creative, participatory activity-a sort of conversation, carried on underneath our spoken discourse, between the living body and its world. His later work discloses the character of language itself as a medium born of the body’s participation with a world (...)
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  21. Merleau-Ponty and the Voice of the Earth.David Abram - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (2):101-120.
    Ecologists and environmental theorists have paid little attention to our direct, sensory experience of the enveloping world. In this paper I discuss the importance of such experience for ecological philosophy. Merleau-Ponty’s careful phenomenology of perceptual experience shows perception to be an inherently creative, participatory activity-a sort of conversation, carried on underneath our spoken discourse, between the living body and its world. His later work discloses the character of language itself as a medium born of the body’s participation with a world (...)
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  22. A Reply to “Phenomenology Versus Pragmatism”.David Abrams - 2001 - Environmental Ethics 23 (3):335-336.
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  23. Predator-Prey Interactions.P. A. Abrams - 2001 - In C. W. Fox D. A. Roff (ed.), Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies. pp. 277--289.
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  24. The Eco-Sustainability Monthly Forum (15) UNESCO/Cousteau Ecotechnie Chair in Computer Man College for Computer Studies.Sumaia Ma Abukashawa - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics.
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  25. A Nietzschean Bestiary: Becoming Animal Beyond Docile and Brutal.Ralph and Christa Acampora (ed.) - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield.
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  26. Electric Animal: Toward a Rhetoric of Wildlife. [REVIEW]Ralph R. Acampora - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (2):219-220.
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  27. Using and Abusing Nietzsche for Environmental Ethics.Ralph R. Acampora - 1994 - Environmental Ethics 16 (2):187-194.
    Max Hallman has put forward an interpretation of Nietzsche’s philosophy according to which Nietzsche is a prototypical deep ecologist. In reply, I dispute Hallman’s main interpretive claim as well as its ethical and exegetical corollaries. I hold that Nietzsche is not a “biospheric egalitarian,” but rather an aristocratically individualistic “high humanist.” A consistently naturalistic transcendentalist, Nietzsche does submit a critique of modernity’s Christian-inflected anthropocentrism, and yet—in his later work—he endorses exploitation in the quest for nobility. I conclude thatecophilosophers need to (...)
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  28. Environmental Impacts of Packaging in the U.S. And Mexico.Frank Ackerman - 1997 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 2 (2):57-64.
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  29. LOS DESAFÍOS DE LA ÉTICA AMBIENTAL.Miguel Acosta, Pablo Martínez de Anguita & Mª Angeles Martín Rodríguez-Ovelleiro - 2004 - In ¿Qué Cultura? V Congreso Católicos y Vida Pública, tomo II. Madrid, Spain: Fundación Santa María. pp. 955-968.
    En 1968 Raquel Carson comenzaba una revolución en el pensamiento, quizá una de las de mayor peso en la actualidad. En su libro "La primavera silenciosa" acusaba del deterioro ambiental al poder ilimitado del ser humano. La creencia surgida en la modernidad de que todo lo que el hombre decidía era en sí mismo lo mejor por haber sido fruto de una voluntad libérrima, daba primacía y legitimidad absoluta a su acción sobre la naturaleza. Surgieron con gran fuerza numerosos grupos (...)
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  30. ASPECTOS HUMANÍSTICOS DE LA ECOLOGÍA.Miguel Acosta, Pablo Martínez de Anguita & Mª Angeles Martín - 2006 - Madrid, España: Publicep.
    Estamos siendo testigos de grandes avances tecnológicos y, a la vez, de grandes desastres naturales y sociales que nos impulsan a plantearnos cuáles son las causas últimas de la degradación natural ecológica. El abuso en el uso de los recursos tal vez pueda tener relación con el abuso en el uso de la tecnología; incluso ser causa de la gran desigualdad social en el acceso a bienes necesarios para llevar una vida digna, raíz de muchos conflictos sociales. -/- La ecología (...)
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  31. Environmental Valuation, Economic Policy and Sustainability.M. Acutt & P. Mason - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (4):537-538.
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  32. Industrial Food for Thought: Timescapes of Risk.B. Adam - 1999 - Environmental Values 8 (2):219-238.
    This paper explores the temporal dimension of risks associated with the production, trade and consumption of food. The paper operates at many levels of substantive and theoretical analysis: it focuses on problems for understanding and action that arise from the invisibility of the hazards, explores the effects of those hazards on consumers and sets out the differences in risks that are faced by farmers, processors, traders and consumers. With its emphasis on that which tends to be disattended in conventional social (...)
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  33. Class: An Essential Aspect of Watershed Planning. [REVIEW]Jane Adams - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (6):533-556.
    A study of a watershed planning process in the Cache River Watershed in southern Illinois revealed that class divisions, based on property ownership, underlay key conflicts over land use and decision-making relevant to resource use. A class analysis of the region indicates that the planning process served to endorse and solidify the locally-dominant theory that landownership confers the right to govern. This obscured the class differences between large full-time farmers and small-holders whose livelihood depends on non-farm labor. These two groups (...)
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  34. Risk.John Adams - 1996 - Environmental Values 5 (2):181-182.
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  35. The Emperor's Old Clothes:The Curious Comeback of Cost-Benefit Analysis.John Adams - 1993 - Environmental Values 2 (3):247-260.
    Cost-benefit analysis is enjoying a resurgence. Despite its well documented failures in the past to cope with the environmental damage caused by major transport projects, and despite lack of progress in resolving the causes of these failures, Britain's Department of the Environment now proposes to apply it not just to projects, but to the formulation of policy. Curious.
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  36. The Emperor's Old Clothes: The Curious Comeback of Cost-Benefit Analysis.John Adams - 1993 - Environmental Values 2 (3):247 - 260.
    Cost-benefit analysis is enjoying a resurgence. Despite its well documented failures in the past to cope with the environmental damage caused by major transport projects, and despite lack of progress in resolving the causes of these failures, Britain's Department of the Environment now proposes to apply it not just to projects, but to the formulation of policy. Curious.
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  37. Introduction to 'Technological Change': A Special Issue of Ethics, Place & Environment.Paul C. Adams - 2007 - Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (1):1 – 6.
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  38. Future Nature: A Vision for Conservation.W. Adams - 1996 - Environmental Values 5 (4):369-371.
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  39. Measure for Measure: The Reliance of Human Knowledge on the Things of the World.Tim Adamson - 2005 - Ethics and the Environment 10 (2):175-194.
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  40. Measure for Measure:The Reliance of Human Knowledge on the Things of the World.Tim Adamson - 2005 - Ethics and the Environment 10 (2):175-194.
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  41. Research Note on Equity and Ethics in State-Promotion of Agricultural Products.Adesoji O. Adelaja & Robin G. Brumfield - 1991 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (1):82-88.
    Many state governments in the United States promote locally-produced farm products. This paper discusses issues related to the ethics and equity of such promotional programs. The paper argues that generic promotion is generally easier to justify in terms of ethics and equity than brand promotion. It also argues that informative and factual brand promotions are easier to justify than deceptive and persuasive brand promotions. Additional equity issues arising when taxpayers finance state-promotional programs are also discussed.
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  42. Economic and Equity Implications of Land-Use Zoning in Suburban Agriculture.Adesoji Adelaja, Donn Derr & Karen Rose-Tank - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (2):97-112.
    A cash-flow viability model is used to evaluate the impacts of land-use zoning on farm households in New Jersey. Findings suggest that zoning results in increased production expenses, lower efficiency and profitability, and the devaluation of land assets. Cash flow and economic viability are, thus, reduced. Impacts of zoning on farm incomes, off-farm incomes, revenues from land sales, indebtedness, and farm sizes were not statistically significant. The results suggest that the use of land-use zoning statutes to guarantee the existence of (...)
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  43. Stakeholders' Perceptions of GM Technology in West Africa: Assessing the Responses of Policymakers and Scientists in Ghana and Nigeria. [REVIEW]Ademola A. Adenle - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (2):241-263.
    The perception of two key stakeholders such as policymakers and scientists on genetic modification (GM) technology was examined in Ghana and Nigeria using semi-structured interviews. A total sample of 20 policymakers (16 at ministries and 4 at parliament/cabinet) and 58 scientists (43 at research institutes and 15 at universities) participated at the interviews. This study revealed respondents perspectives on potential benefits and risks of GM technology, status and development of biosafety regulatory frameworks, role of science and technology innovation in agricultural (...)
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  44. Land Use and the Causes of Global Warming.W. Adger & K. Brown - 1997 - Environmental Values 6 (3):366-367.
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  45. The Aim of This Paper is to Bring Out the Effect of Economic Reforms Introduced in India on the Direction of Virtual Water Trade (Through Trade of Agricultural Products). The Study Also Identifies the Dual Role That Virtual Water has in an Economy. It is a Source of Export Earnings (Benefit Side), but at the Same Time There is a Loss of Virtual Water (Cost Side) Through Agricultural Trade. The Study is Novel in the Sense That It Not Only Identifies the Trade-Off Between Benefits and Costs of Virtual ... [REVIEW]Maniklal Adhikary & Samrat Chowdhury - 2010 - Environmental Values 19 (1):33-56.
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  46. Virtual Water Trade, Sustainability and Territorial Equity Across Phases of Globalisation in India.Maniklal Adhikary & Samrat Chowdhury - 2010 - Environmental Values 19 (1):33-56.
    The aim of this paper is to bring out the effect of economic reforms introduced in India on the direction of virtual water trade. The study also identifies the dual role that virtual water has in an economy. It is a source of export earnings, but at the same time there is a loss of virtual water through agricultural trade. The study is novel in the sense that it not only identifies the trade-off between benefits and costs of virtual water (...)
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  47. Is the Common Law a Free-Market Solution to Pollution?Jonathan H. Adler - 2012 - Critical Review 24 (1):61-85.
    Whereas conventional analyses characterize environmental problems as examples of market failure, proponents of free-market environmentalism (FME) consider the problem to be a lack of markets and, in particular, a lack of enforceable and exchangeable property rights. Enforcing property rights alleviates disputes about, as well as the overuse of, most natural resources. FME diagnoses of pollution are much weaker, however. Most FME proponents suggest that common-law tort suits can adequately protect private property and ecological resources from pollution. Yet such claims have (...)
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  48. A New Framework for the Assessment of Animal Welfare: Integrating Existing Knowledge From a Practical Ethics Perspective.Aerts Stefan, Lips Dirk, Spencer Stuart, Decuypere Eddy & Tavernier Johan - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):67-76.
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  49. A New Framework for the Assessment of Animal Welfare: Integrating Existing Knowledge From a Practical Ethics Perspective. [REVIEW]Stefan Aerts, Dirk Lips, Stuart Spencer, Eddy Decuypere & Johan De Tavernier - 2006 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):67-76.
    When making an assessment of animal welfare, it is important to take environmental (housing) or animal-based parameters into account. An alternative approach is to focus on the behavior and appearance of the animal, without making actual measurements or quantifying this. None of these tell the whole story. In this paper, we suggest that it is possible to find common ground between these (seemingly) diametrically opposed positions and argue that this may be the way to deal with the complexity of animal (...)
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  50. Valuing Species and Valuing Individuals.Nicholas Agar - 1995 - Environmental Ethics 17 (4):397-415.
    My goal in this paper is to account for the value of species in terms of the value of individual organisms that make them up. Many authors have pointed to an apparent conflict between a species preservationist ethic and moral theories that place value on individuals. I argue for an account of the worth of individual organisms grounded in the representational goals of those organisms. I claim thatthis account leads to an acceptably extensive species preservationist ethic.
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