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  1. Epistemic Perceptualism, Skill, and the Regress Problem.J. Adam Carter - 2019 - Philosophical Studies.
    A novel solution is offered for how emotional experiences can function as sources of immediate prima facie justification for evaluative beliefs, and in such a way that suffices to halt a justificatory regress. Key to this solution is the recognition of two distinct kinds of emotional skill (what I call generative emotional skill and doxastic emotional skill) and how these must be working in tandem when emotional experience plays such a justificatory role. The paper has two main parts, the first (...)
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  2. Patient Centred Diagnosis: Sharing Diagnostic Decisions with Patients in Clinical Practice.Zackary Berger, J. P. Brito, Ns Ospina, S. Kannan, Js Hinson, Ep Hess, H. Haskell, V. M. Montori & D. Newman-Toker - 2017 - British Medical Journal 359:j4218.
    Patient centred diagnosis is best practised through shared decision making; an iterative dialogue between doctor and patient, whichrespects a patient’s needs, values, preferences, and circumstances. -/- Shared decision making for diagnostic situations differs fundamentally from that for treatment decisions. This has important implications when considering its practical application. -/- The nature of dialogue should be tailored to the specific diagnostic decision; scenarios with higher stakes or uncertainty usually require more detailed conversations.
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  3. Legal Burdens of Proof and Statistical Evidence.Georgi Gardiner - forthcoming - In James Chase & David Coady (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Applied Epistemology. Routledge.
    In order to perform certain actions – such as incarcerating a person or revoking parental rights – the state must establish certain facts to a particular standard of proof. These standards – such as preponderance of evidence and beyond reasonable doubt – are often interpreted as likelihoods or epistemic confidences. Many theorists construe them numerically; beyond reasonable doubt, for example, is often construed as 90 to 95% confidence in the guilt of the defendant. -/- A family of influential cases suggests (...)
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  4. What Is the Relevance of Procedural Fairness to Making Determinations About Medical Evidence?Govind Persad - 2017 - AMA Journal of Ethics 19 (2):183-191.
    Approaches relying on fair procedures rather than substantive principles have been proposed for answering dilemmas in medical ethics and health policy. These dilemmas generally involve two questions: the epistemological (factual) question of which benefits an intervention will have, and the ethical (value) question of how to distribute those benefits. This article focuses on the potential of fair procedures to help address epistemological and factual questions in medicine, using the debate over antidepressant efficacy as a test case. In doing so, it (...)
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  5. The Problem of Expertise in Knowledge Societies.Reiner Grundmann - 2017 - Minerva 55 (1):25-48.
    This paper puts forward a theoretical framework for the analysis of expertise and experts in contemporary societies. It argues that while prevailing approaches have come to see expertise in various forms and functions, they tend to neglect the broader historical and societal context, and importantly the relational aspect of expertise. This will be discussed with regard to influential theoretical frameworks, such as laboratory studies, regulatory science, lay expertise, post-normal science, and honest brokers. An alternative framework of expertise is introduced, showing (...)
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  6. Book Review: Knowledge Through Imagination. Amy Kind and Peter Kung (Editors). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. [REVIEW]Masashi Kasaki & Kengo Miyazono - 2016 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 37 (2):175-181.
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  7. The Carneades Model of Argument Invention.Douglas N. Walton & Thomas F. Gordon - 2012 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 20 (1):1-31.
    Argument invention is a method that can be used to help an arguer find arguments that could be used to prove a claim he needs to defend. The aim of this paper is to show how argumentation systems recently developed in artificial intelligence can be applied to the task of argument invention. One such system called Carneades is featured. Carneades can be used to analyze arguments, evaluate arguments, to make an argument diagram, and to construct arguments from a database. Using (...)
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  8. Three Problems in the Relativistic Conception of Space and Time.Jorge Bosch - 1968 - Critica 2 (4):10-14.
  9. Roots of Human Resistance to Animal Rights: Psychological and Conceptual Blocks.Steven James Bartlett - 2002 - Animal Law 8:143-176.
    A combined psychological-epistemological study of the blocks that stand in the way of the human recognition of the sentience and legal rights of non-human animals. Originally published in the Lewis and Clark law journal, Animal Law, and subsequently translated into German and into Portuguese.
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  10. Rethinking Moral Expertise.Nicky Priaulx, Martin Weinel & Anthony Wrigley - 2016 - Health Care Analysis 24 (4):393-406.
    We argue that the way in which the concept of expertise is understood and invoked has prevented progress in the debate as to whether moral philosophers can be said to be ‘moral experts’. We offer an account of expertise that draws on the role of tacit knowledge in order to provide a basis upon which the debate can progress. Our analysis consists of three parts. In the first part we highlight two specific problems in the way that the concept of (...)
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  11. Ethical Expertise.Sven Ove Hansson - 2016 - Theoria 82 (4):299-301.
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  12. Disagreement and Philosophical Method.James Cook - unknown
    This dissertation is primarily concerned with the subjects of disagreement, argument, and the methodology of philosophy. The first chapter sets out and attempts to answer the question of what the connection between disagreement and disputing is. The second chapter is primarily a investigation into the nature of verbal disputes. The answer the chapter puts forward is that there is a justificatory relation between disagreeing and disputing, so that, for example, if two parties do not disagree in the right way, then (...)
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  13. On the Reliability of the Old Testament.Niels Peter Lemche & K. A. Kitchen - 2004 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (2):375.
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  14. Getting It Wrong: The Medieval Epistemology of Error. Evans - 1998 - Brill.
    Deals with the dark side of the medieval theory of knowledge, the pursuit of knowldge in 'wrong' ways, 'common knowledge' and departures from it, wisdom and folly, incomplete knowledge, truth and lies.
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  15. The Religious Notion in Epistemology.Loredana Terec-Vlad & Stefan Adrian Andries - 2014 - Postmodern Openings 5 (1):41-52.
    The aim of this article is to highlight the issue of religiousness from the epistemological perspective. This involves, on the one hand, a scientific approach, and on the other hand the relation between science and religion as the basis of the spirituality of the entire existence, by approaching the religious exposure at social level. If at the scientific level religion occupies a secondary place in terms of the object of research, at the social and anthropological level it plays a vital (...)
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  16. Rational Belief: Structure, Grounds and Intellectual VirtueBy Robert Audi.George Botterill - forthcoming - Analysis:anw056.
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  17. A Case Study Concerning the Strategic Plan: V2020 Of.Kiyoung Kim - 2013 - Science Journal of Business and Management 1 (4):43-57.
    This paper shows a typical of strategic planning process involving a local university in the transformative society as well as quasi-privatization drive from the government. Chosun University was chosen as an object of this case study, which faces a high demand of environment and challenges. A comprehensive process often undertaken in the strategic change process was applied to this institution, and shows how it initiated the process, conducted a stakeholders analysis, identified the strategic issues and strategies in the vision for (...)
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  18. Intuition and Introspection Problems in Henryk Elzenberg’s Philosophy.Anita Benisławska - 2009 - Dialogue and Universalism 19 (8-9):83-92.
    Intuition and introspection are very interesting terms in Elzenberg’s thought. The intuition is connected with the earlier phase of Elzenberg’s philosophy. Intuition is a form of world cognition. It is tool of selection of the contents. In Elzenberg’s philosophy introspection is a later term than intuition. It may lead intuition but is not a necessity. Process of cognition can finish with introspection which is a phase of information collection. In this meaning introspection creates circumstances for intuition. Introspection is a form (...)
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  19. Scepticism and Animal Faith.Marten Ten Hoor & George Santayana - 1923 - Journal of Philosophy 20 (24):653.
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  20. Metaphysical and Religious Knowledge.W. G. De Burgh - 1924 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 4 (1):1-18.
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  21. Portevin–Le Chatelier Effect Under Cyclic Loading: Experimental and Numerical Investigations.M. Mazière & Q. Pujol D’Andrebo - 2015 - Philosophical Magazine 95 (28-30):3257-3277.
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  22. VIII—Art and Expertise.R. A. Sharpe - 1985 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 85 (1):133-148.
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  23. VI.—The Logical Foundations of Our Knowledge and the Infinite Regress of Proof.G. Cator - 1930 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 30 (1):127-142.
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  24. XI.—Knowledge of Right and Wrong.Stephen Toulmin - 1950 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 50 (1):139-156.
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  25. V.—The Status of Religious Knowledge.E. S. Waterhouse - 1944 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 44 (1):75-90.
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  26. Government and Expertise: Specialists, Administrators, and Professionals. Roy MacLeod.Theodore M. Porter - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):744-745.
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  27. Observation and ObjectivityHarold I. Brown.Paul M. Churchland - 1989 - Isis 80 (1):143-144.
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  28. Belief and Unbelief Since 1850H. G. WoodScience and Christian BeliefC. A. Coulson.George A. Foote - 1956 - Isis 47 (4):427-428.
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  29. Belief Polarization is Not Always Irrational.Alan Jern, Kai-min K. Chang & Charles Kemp - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (2):206-224.
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  30. Experimental Studies in Judgment: Judgments of the Comic.H. L. Hollingworth - 1911 - Psychological Review 18 (2):132-156.
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  31. Experimental.Edward Franklin Buchner - 1901 - Psychological Review 8 (5):532-536.
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  32. Experimental.H. C. Warren - 1895 - Psychological Review 2 (1):92-94.
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  33. Experimental.Mary Whiton Calkins - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (3):327-329.
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  34. Identifying and Interpreting Blends: An Experimental Approach.Adrienne Lehrer - 1996 - Cognitive Linguistics 7 (4):359-390.
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  35. Philosophical Expertise and Scientific Expertise.Jennifer Nado - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (7):1026-1044.
    The “expertise defense” is the claim that philosophers have special expertise that allows them to resist the biases suggested by the findings of experimental philosophers. Typically, this defense is backed up by an analogy with expertise in science or other academic fields. Recently, however, studies have begun to suggest that philosophers' intuitions may be just as subject to inappropriate variation as those of the folk. Should we conclude that the expertise defense has been debunked? I'll argue that the analogy with (...)
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  36. Intuitive Ethics: How Innately Prepared Intuitions Generate Culturally Variable Virtues.Jonathan Haidt & Craig Joseph - 2004 - Daedalus 133 (4):55-66.
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  37. Response to My Critics: Chris Pincock, Lisa Warenski and Jonathan Weinberg.Albert Casullo - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (6):1705-1720.
    This is my response to the papers by Chris Pincock, Lisa Warenski and Jonathan Weinberg, which were presented at the Book Symposium on my Essays on A Priori Knowledge and Justification, American Philosophical Association Pacific Division Meetings, March 16–19, 2014.
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  38. From Armchair to Reality?Hans Johann Glock - 2010 - .
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  39. Reid, Constance. Hilbert (a Biography). Reviewed by Corcoran in Philosophy of Science 39 (1972), 106–08.John Corcoran - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (1):106-108.
    Reid, Constance. Hilbert (a Biography). Reviewed by Corcoran in Philosophy of Science 39 (1972), 106–08. -/- Constance Reid was an insider of the Berkeley-Stanford logic circle. Her San Francisco home was in Ashbury Heights near the homes of logicians such as Dana Scott and John Corcoran. Her sister Julia Robinson was one of the top mathematical logicians of her generation, as was Julia’s husband Raphael Robinson for whom Robinson Arithmetic was named. Julia was a Tarski PhD and, in recognition of (...)
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  40. Experimental Philosophy.Adam Feltz - 2009 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):131-136.
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  41. Quantum Physics and Philosophical Problems.Vladimir Fock - 1971 - Foundations of Physics 1 (4):293-306.
  42. L’Expertise de Santé : Mission Médicale, Juridique Ou Prédictive?Bruno Py - 2008 - Philosophia Scientae 12:129-140.
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  43. Experimental Studies of Attention.A. B. Fitt - 1923 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 1 (4):273-278.
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  44. Do Framing Effects Make Moral Intuitions Unreliable?Joanna Demaree-Cotton - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (1):1-22.
    I address Sinnott-Armstrong's argument that evidence of framing effects in moral psychology shows that moral intuitions are unreliable and therefore not noninferentially justified. I begin by discussing what it is to be epistemically unreliable and clarify how framing effects render moral intuitions unreliable. This analysis calls for a modification of Sinnott-Armstrong's argument if it is to remain valid. In particular, he must claim that framing is sufficiently likely to determine the content of moral intuitions. I then re-examine the evidence which (...)
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  45. Probabilistic Arguments in Mathematics.D. M. Berry - unknown
    This thesis addresses a question that emerges naturally from some observations about contemporary mathematical practice. Firstly, mathematicians always demand proof for the acceptance of new results. Secondly, the ability of mathematicians to tell if a discourse gives expression to a proof is less than perfect, and the computers they use are subject to a variety of hardware and software failures. So false results are sometimes accepted, despite insistence on proof. Thirdly, over the past few decades, researchers have also developed a (...)
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  46. Theorem Proving in Lean.Jeremy Avigad, Leonardo de Moura & Soonho Kong - unknown
    Formal verification involves the use of logical and computational methods to establish claims that are expressed in precise mathematical terms. These can include ordinary mathematical theorems, as well as claims that pieces of hardware or software, network protocols, and mechanical and hybrid systems meet their specifications. In practice, there is not a sharp distinction between verifying a piece of mathematics and verifying the correctness of a system: formal verification requires describing hardware and software systems in mathematical terms, at which point (...)
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  47. Judgements, Expertise, and Counterfactuals.Sören Häggqvist - 2015 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 58 (7-8):741-754.
    In The Philosophy of Philosophy, Tim Williamson has offered a sophisticated account of thought experiments and of modal epistemology. More recently, he has also engaged in a variant of the so-called ‘expertise defence’ of traditional philosophical methodology. In this paper I argue that if Williamson’s account of thought experiments and of modal epistemology is right, this seriously undermines his version of the expertise defence.
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  48. Turning Experts Into Self-Reflexive Speakers. The Problematization of Technical-Scientific Expertise Relative to Alternative Forms of Expertise.K. Mogendorff, H. F. M. Molder, C. M. J. Woerkum & H. G. J. Gremmen - unknown
    Bio-experts’ portrayals of laypeople are considered problematic. Two discursive action method workshops with 17 participants were organized to discover whether plant experts can engage in reflexive problematization of their own talk about and in front of laypeople and whether plant experts’ analyses may offer insights with regard to the hegemony of technical-scientific expertise. Participants discussed the interactional effects of real-life expert talk. Plant experts’ discussions indicate that they can problematize how their talk-in-interaction helps reproduce the supremacy of technical-scientific expertise. Results (...)
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  49. Ann Jeffries and the Fairies : Folk Belief and the War on Scepticism in Later Stuart England.October 26 Marshall - unknown
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  50. Comments on Chad Bogosian’s “Impeccability, Consensus, and Trusting One’s Intuitions”.Todd M. Stewart - 2015 - Southwest Philosophy Review 31 (2):15-19.
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