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  1. De oorsprong en evolutie van leven: 15 van het standaardparadigma afwijkende thesen.Nathalie Gontier - 2004 - Brussel, België: VUBPRESS.
    Translation: How did life originate? What were the first life forms? How did the cells of our body evolve? Is natural selection the only mechanism whereby evolution occurs? What did Darwin mean with the term natural selection and do we still use that definition today? Does evolution occur slow or fast? Are we determined by our genes? We all ask ourselves these questions from time to time. Scientists however often get too technical and philosophers too speculative in their answers. This (...)
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  2. Rehabilitating Statistical Evidence.Lewis Ross - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Recently, the practice of deciding legal cases on purely statistical evidence has been widely criticised. Many feel uncomfortable with finding someone guilty on the basis of bare probabilities, even though the chance of error might be stupendously small. This is an important issue: with the rise of DNA profiling, courts are increasingly faced with purely statistical evidence. A prominent line of argument—endorsed by Blome-Tillmann 2017; Smith 2018; and Littlejohn 2018—rejects the use of such evidence by appealing to epistemic norms that (...)
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  3. Epistemic Perceptualism, Skill, and the Regress Problem.J. Adam Carter - 2019 - Philosophical Studies:1-26.
    A novel solution is offered for how emotional experiences can function as sources of immediate prima facie justification for evaluative beliefs, and in such a way that suffices to halt a justificatory regress. Key to this solution is the recognition of two distinct kinds of emotional skill (what I call generative emotional skill and doxastic emotional skill) and how these must be working in tandem when emotional experience plays such a justificatory role. The paper has two main parts, the first (...)
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  4. How Emotions Know: Naturalizing Epistemology Via Emotions.Cecilea Mun - 2019 - In Laura Candiotto (ed.), The Value of Emotions for Knowledge. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 27-50.
    In this chapter, I argue that we can understand how original intentionality (i.e., a genuine mental life) fits into a natural and scientific understanding of the world through an understanding of the import of the intentionality of emotions to our knowledge of the world in which we live. To do so, I first argue that emotions demonstrate our original intentionality (i.e., a genuine mental life). I then explain how the intentionality of emotions is necessary for us to have knowledge of (...)
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  5. Patient Centred Diagnosis: Sharing Diagnostic Decisions with Patients in Clinical Practice.Zackary Berger, J. P. Brito, Ns Ospina, S. Kannan, Js Hinson, Ep Hess, H. Haskell, V. M. Montori & D. Newman-Toker - 2017 - British Medical Journal 359:j4218.
    Patient centred diagnosis is best practised through shared decision making; an iterative dialogue between doctor and patient, whichrespects a patient’s needs, values, preferences, and circumstances. -/- Shared decision making for diagnostic situations differs fundamentally from that for treatment decisions. This has important implications when considering its practical application. -/- The nature of dialogue should be tailored to the specific diagnostic decision; scenarios with higher stakes or uncertainty usually require more detailed conversations.
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  6. Review: The Epistemological Spectrum. [REVIEW]Jonathan Matheson - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (4):875-877.
  7. Why the Connection Argument Doesn’T Work.Robert Van Gulick & John Searle - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):201.
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  8. Legal Burdens of Proof and Statistical Evidence.Georgi Gardiner - forthcoming - In James Chase & David Coady (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Applied Epistemology. Routledge.
    In order to perform certain actions – such as incarcerating a person or revoking parental rights – the state must establish certain facts to a particular standard of proof. These standards – such as preponderance of evidence and beyond reasonable doubt – are often interpreted as likelihoods or epistemic confidences. Many theorists construe them numerically; beyond reasonable doubt, for example, is often construed as 90 to 95% confidence in the guilt of the defendant. -/- A family of influential cases suggests (...)
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  9. What Is the Relevance of Procedural Fairness to Making Determinations About Medical Evidence?Govind Persad - 2017 - AMA Journal of Ethics 19 (2):183-191.
    Approaches relying on fair procedures rather than substantive principles have been proposed for answering dilemmas in medical ethics and health policy. These dilemmas generally involve two questions: the epistemological (factual) question of which benefits an intervention will have, and the ethical (value) question of how to distribute those benefits. This article focuses on the potential of fair procedures to help address epistemological and factual questions in medicine, using the debate over antidepressant efficacy as a test case. In doing so, it (...)
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  10. The Problem of Expertise in Knowledge Societies.Reiner Grundmann - 2017 - Minerva 55 (1):25-48.
    This paper puts forward a theoretical framework for the analysis of expertise and experts in contemporary societies. It argues that while prevailing approaches have come to see expertise in various forms and functions, they tend to neglect the broader historical and societal context, and importantly the relational aspect of expertise. This will be discussed with regard to influential theoretical frameworks, such as laboratory studies, regulatory science, lay expertise, post-normal science, and honest brokers. An alternative framework of expertise is introduced, showing (...)
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  11. Book Review: Knowledge Through Imagination. Amy Kind and Peter Kung (Editors). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. [REVIEW]Masashi Kasaki & Kengo Miyazono - 2016 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 37 (2):175-181.
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  12. The Carneades Model of Argument Invention.Douglas N. Walton & Thomas F. Gordon - 2012 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 20 (1):1-31.
    Argument invention is a method that can be used to help an arguer find arguments that could be used to prove a claim he needs to defend. The aim of this paper is to show how argumentation systems recently developed in artificial intelligence can be applied to the task of argument invention. One such system called Carneades is featured. Carneades can be used to analyze arguments, evaluate arguments, to make an argument diagram, and to construct arguments from a database. Using (...)
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  13. La carrière contre le travail?: Savoirs, activités et trajectoires de jeunes experts de la finance et de l'informatique.Michel Lallement & François Sarfati - 2009 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 126 (126):115-130.
    La finance et l’informatique sont deux secteurs d’activité au sein desquels on a vu fleurir au cours de ces dernières années de nouvelles figures d’experts. L’exploitation d’un matériau accumulé par enquêtes auprès de jeunes salariés du courtage en ligne et d’ingénieurs en informatique montre qu’il y a loin entre le modèle idéal de l’expert et le rapport concret à l’activité. Il apparaît que, dans la finance comme dans l’informatique, le marché de l’expertise produit des exigences qui peuvent mettre en porte (...)
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  14. Les frontières de l'expertise.Léa Lima - 2009 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 126 (126):149-155.
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  15. La régulation de l'éthique parlementaire: l'institutionnalisation d'un champ d'expertise contesté.Denis Saint-Martin - 2009 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 126 (126):21-37.
    Cet article explore la problématique de l’autonomisation et de la différenciation de l’expertise dans la régulation de l’éthique parlementaire aux États-Unis, au Canada et en Grande-Bretagne. Les organismes de régulation de l’éthique parlementaire opèrent dans un environnement hautement partisan, institutionnellement manipulable, et mobilisent une expertise contestée par les élus, ceux-ci s’estimant être les seuls à disposer de l’expérience pratique et vécue leur permettant de juger les dilemmes éthiques soulevés par la représentation politique. Là où les conflits sont régulés par la (...)
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  16. L'institutionnalisation D'une Fonction D'expertise Et De Conseil Auprès Des Élus Du Personnel.Paula Cristofalo - 2009 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 126 (126):81-98.
    La reconnaissance de la fonction d’expert auprès des représentants du personnel est un bon analyseur de l’évolution des pratiques syndicales. L’article met en relief les résistances suscitées par cette activité dans le monde militant et l’échec relatif du développement d’une expertise opérationnelle interne aux organisations syndicales. Il pointe le retournement de cette situation grâce à l’externalisation de cette activité par le biais d’organismes autonomes. Le recours à l’expertise se trouve conforté par le caractère instrumental que lui confère son institutionnalisation dans (...)
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  17. Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification.Robert J. Fogelin - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):395-400.
  18. A paradoxical train of thought.Martin Hollis - 1984 - Analysis 44 (4):205.
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  19. Contextualist Vs. Analytic History of Philosophy: A Study in Socrates: Sandis Contextualist Vs. Analytic History.Constantine Sandis - 2009 - Think 8 (22):101-105.
    I here respond to James Warren and John Shand's replies to my paper ‘In Defence of Four Socratic Doctrines’ by questioning the supremacy of contextualist history of philosophy over the so-called ‘analytic’ approach.
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  20. Review of Reflexive Epistemology: The Philosophical Legacy of Otto Neurath by Danilo Zolo; D. McKie. [REVIEW]Richard Creath - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (2):359-360.
  21. Three Problems in the Relativistic Conception of Space and Time.Jorge Bosch - 1968 - Critica 2 (4):10-14.
  22. Circularidades en la contrastación experimental.Julián Garrido Garrido - 1994 - Critica 26 (78):3-26.
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  23. Facts, Words and Beliefs. [REVIEW]A. D. H. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):413-414.
    In this careful and fresh analysis of the relationships between facts, words and beliefs, the author attempts to clarify how images and words relate to the world so as to establish beliefs and support knowledge. The reader is first presented with the ontological background of the analysis, including the status of sense-data, the nature of universals and our experience of them, and the epistemological status of the world. Sprigge then turns to a discussion of semiotic background including pragmatic and semantic (...)
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  24. Dialog Und Dialektik. Zur Struktur des Platonischen Dialogs. [REVIEW]S. L. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):387-388.
    Today everyone knows that Tübingen is the center of the current tendency to find Plato’s genuine philosophy not in his dialogues but in Aristotle’s reports of his "unwritten doctrines" because of the publications of H. J. Krämer and K. Gaiser, both of whom studied and now teach at the University of Tübingen. That fact was not yet evident in March, 1958, when Hermann Gundert went there to deliver a lecture on "Der Platonische Dialog," in which he stated almost the exact (...)
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  25. Against Method. [REVIEW]B. O. G. - 1976 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (1):127-128.
    This is a lively and spirited discussion—perhaps more appropriately called one side of a debate—by Feyerabend against traditional views in the philosophy of science associated with such persons as Carnap, Hempel, and Popper. The central issue is whether or not there exists a neutral method for the construction of scientific systems and whether, more specifically, there is within that method some uniform, rational evaluation measure for arbitrating between competing theoretical models. Traditional positions, whether they be of a verificationist, conformationist, or (...)
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  26. Adventures of the Dialectic. [REVIEW]L. W. S. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):804-804.
    This book, which is thematically linked with Humanism and Terror, marks another of Merleau-Ponty’s attempts to come to grips with Marxism. Adventures presents reflections on the struggle between the proletariat and the Party for a valid revolutionary praxis. The question for Merleau-Ponty is, are we to conceive the revolution as a spontaneous, necessary uprising of the proletariat, in which case the Party is superfluous; or is the proletariat the tool of the Party, in which case the Party is superior and (...)
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  27. Religious Consciousness and the Realisation of the True Self: Bernard Bosanquet’s Views on Religion in What Religion Is.Stamatoula Panagakou - 1999 - Bradley Studies 5 (2):139-161.
    In What Religion Is the British Idealist philosopher Bernard Bosanquet inquires into the essence of religion apprehended as a central human experience which is associated with the dialectical process of the human being’s self-realising endeavour. Bosanquet’s views on religion belong to the second phase of the philosophy of religion of the British Idealists which is characterised by a stronger sense of immanentism. The purpose of this article is, first, to show how Bosanquet’s analysis is based on a conceptual framework which (...)
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  28. Interpreting Practice: Dilthey, Epistemology, and the Hermeneutics of Historical Life.Eric Sean Nelson - 2008 - Idealistic Studies 38 (1-2):105-122.
    This paper explores Dilthey’s radical transformation of epistemology and the human sciences through his projects of a critique of historically embodied reason and his hermeneutics of historically mediated life. Answering criticisms that Dilthey overly depends on epistemology, I show how for Dilthey neither philosophy nor the human sciences should be reduced to their theoretical, epistemological, or cognitive dimensions. Dilthey approaches both immediate knowing and theoretical knowledge in the context of a hermeneutical phenomenology of historical life. Knowing is not an isolated (...)
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  29. Nicholas Rescher's Metaphilosophical Inquiries.Joseph Margolis - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (2):427-432.
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  30. Hans Urs von Balthasar and the Dramatic Structure of Truth. [REVIEW]Cyrus P. Olsen - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (1):202-203.
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  31. Hoenen, Maarten J. F. M., and Paul J. J. M. Bakker, Eds. Philosophie Und Theologie des Ausgehenden Mittelalters: Marsilius von Inghen Und Das Denken Seiner Zeit. [REVIEW]Kent Emery Jr - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (2):399-401.
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  32. Roots of Human Resistance to Animal Rights: Psychological and Conceptual Blocks.Steven James Bartlett - 2002 - Animal Law 8:143-176.
    A combined psychological-epistemological study of the blocks that stand in the way of the human recognition of the sentience and legal rights of non-human animals. Originally published in the Lewis and Clark law journal, Animal Law, and subsequently translated into German and into Portuguese.
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  33. Philosophers as Experts.E. R. Klein - 1995 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 15 (1):86-91.
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  34. Rethinking Moral Expertise.Nicky Priaulx, Martin Weinel & Anthony Wrigley - 2016 - Health Care Analysis 24 (4):393-406.
    We argue that the way in which the concept of expertise is understood and invoked has prevented progress in the debate as to whether moral philosophers can be said to be ‘moral experts’. We offer an account of expertise that draws on the role of tacit knowledge in order to provide a basis upon which the debate can progress. Our analysis consists of three parts. In the first part we highlight two specific problems in the way that the concept of (...)
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  35. Ethical Expertise.Sven Ove Hansson - 2016 - Theoria 82 (4):299-301.
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  36. Disagreement and Philosophical Method.James Cook - unknown
    This dissertation is primarily concerned with the subjects of disagreement, argument, and the methodology of philosophy. The first chapter sets out and attempts to answer the question of what the connection between disagreement and disputing is. The second chapter is primarily a investigation into the nature of verbal disputes. The answer the chapter puts forward is that there is a justificatory relation between disagreeing and disputing, so that, for example, if two parties do not disagree in the right way, then (...)
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  37. On the Reliability of the Old Testament.Niels Peter Lemche & K. A. Kitchen - 2004 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (2):375.
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  38. Getting It Wrong: The Medieval Epistemology of Error. Evans (ed.) - 1998 - Brill.
    Deals with the dark side of the medieval theory of knowledge, the pursuit of knowldge in 'wrong' ways, 'common knowledge' and departures from it, wisdom and folly, incomplete knowledge, truth and lies.
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  39. The Religious Notion in Epistemology.Loredana Terec-Vlad & Stefan Adrian Andries - 2014 - Postmodern Openings 5 (1):41-52.
    The aim of this article is to highlight the issue of religiousness from the epistemological perspective. This involves, on the one hand, a scientific approach, and on the other hand the relation between science and religion as the basis of the spirituality of the entire existence, by approaching the religious exposure at social level. If at the scientific level religion occupies a secondary place in terms of the object of research, at the social and anthropological level it plays a vital (...)
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  40. Rational Belief: Structure, Grounds and Intellectual VirtueBy Robert Audi.George Botterill - forthcoming - Analysis:anw056.
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  41. A Case Study Concerning the Strategic Plan: V2020 Of.Kiyoung Kim - 2013 - Science Journal of Business and Management 1 (4):43-57.
    This paper shows a typical of strategic planning process involving a local university in the transformative society as well as quasi-privatization drive from the government. Chosun University was chosen as an object of this case study, which faces a high demand of environment and challenges. A comprehensive process often undertaken in the strategic change process was applied to this institution, and shows how it initiated the process, conducted a stakeholders analysis, identified the strategic issues and strategies in the vision for (...)
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  42. Intuition and Introspection Problems in Henryk Elzenberg’s Philosophy.Anita Benisławska - 2009 - Dialogue and Universalism 19 (8-9):83-92.
    Intuition and introspection are very interesting terms in Elzenberg’s thought. The intuition is connected with the earlier phase of Elzenberg’s philosophy. Intuition is a form of world cognition. It is tool of selection of the contents. In Elzenberg’s philosophy introspection is a later term than intuition. It may lead intuition but is not a necessity. Process of cognition can finish with introspection which is a phase of information collection. In this meaning introspection creates circumstances for intuition. Introspection is a form (...)
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  43. Comment évaluer une personne? L'expertise judiciaire et ses usages moraux.Fabrice Fernandez, Samuel Lézé & Hélène Strauss - 2010 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 128 (1):177.
    L’expertise psychiatrique est un instrument d’évaluation devenu indispensable dans le champ judiciaire tout en étant régulièrement contesté. Comment comprendre ce paradoxe apparent ? En décrivant, répond l’article, comment le droit formalise une partie de la morale autour de la catégorie de personne. À partir d’une étude de cas fondée sur une observation des usages de l’expertise dans une chambre correctionnelle, la première partie montre comment les acteurs de la justice évaluent l’instrument d’évaluation ; la seconde partie se penche sur la (...)
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  44. Scepticism and Animal Faith.Marten Ten Hoor & George Santayana - 1923 - Journal of Philosophy 20 (24):653.
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  45. Metaphysical and Religious Knowledge.W. G. de Burgh - 1924 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 4 (1):1-18.
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  46. Portevin–Le Chatelier Effect Under Cyclic Loading: Experimental and Numerical Investigations.M. Mazière & Q. Pujol D’Andrebo - 2015 - Philosophical Magazine 95 (28-30):3257-3277.
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  47. VIII—Art and Expertise.R. A. Sharpe - 1985 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 85 (1):133-148.
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  48. VI.—The Logical Foundations of Our Knowledge and the Infinite Regress of Proof.G. Cator - 1929 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 30 (1):127-142.
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  49. XI.—Knowledge of Right and Wrong.Stephen Toulmin - 1949 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 50 (1):139-156.
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  50. V.—The Status of Religious Knowledge.E. S. Waterhouse - 1943 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 44 (1):75-90.
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