Epistemology

Edited by Matthew McGrath (University of Missouri, Columbia)
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  1. How Many Feminists Does It Take To Make A Joke? Sexist Humor and What's Wrong With It.Memo Bergmann - 1986 - Hypatia 1 (1):63-82.
    In this paper I am concerned with two questions: What is sexist humor? and what is wrong with it? To answer the first question, I briefly develop a theory of humor and then characterize sexist humor as humor in which sexist beliefs are presupposed and are necessary to the fun. Concerning the second question, I criticize a common sort of argument that is supposed to explain why sexist humor is offensive: although the argument explains why sexist humor feels offensive, it (...)
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    Epistemological Sources
     The A Priori
     Intuition
     Memory
     Perceptual Knowledge
     Reasoning
     Self-Knowledge
     Seemings
     Testimony
     Epistemological Sources, Misc
    Epistemological States and Properties
     Belief
     The Basing Relation
     Defeat
     Entitlement
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemic Luck
     Evidence
     Ignorance
     Justification
     Knowledge
     Rationality
     Reasons
     Understanding
     Warrant
     Wisdom
     Epistemological States and Properties, Misc
    Epistemological Theories
     Coherentism
     Dogmatism
     Epistemic Constructivism
     Epistemic Contextualism
     Epistemic Fallibilism
     Epistemic Internalism and Externalism
     Epistemic Relativism
     Empiricism
     Evidentialism
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Foundationalism
     Infinitism
     Pragmatic Encroachment
     Rationalism
     Reliabilism
     Virtue Epistemology
     Epistemological Theories, Misc
    Epistemology of Specific Domains
     Aesthetic Knowledge
     Epistemology of Mathematics
     Epistemology of Logic
     Epistemology of Phil
     Epistemology of Religion
     Epistemology of Specific Domains, Misc
     Evidence and Proof in Law
     Knowledge of Consciousness
     Knowledge of Language
     Modal Epistemology
     Moral Epistemology
     The Problem of Other Minds
     Self-Knowledge
    Epistemology, Miscellaneous
     Epistemic Injustice
     Epistemic Luck
     Epistemic Paradoxes
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemologies of Ignorance
     Feminist Epistemology
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Metaepistemology
     Naturalized Epistemology
     Epistemology, General Works
     Epistemology, Misc
    Epistemic Normativity
     Doxastic Voluntarism
     Epistemic Normativity, Misc
     Epistemic Norms
     Epistemic Responsibility
     Epistemic Value
     Epistemic Virtues
     Ethics of Belief
     Norms of Assertion
    Formal Epistemology
     Belief Revision
     Causal Reasoning
     Scientific Method
     Epistemic Logic
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Formal Epistemology, Misc
     Probabilistic Reasoning
    Knowledge
     Defining Knowledge
     Varieties of Knowledge
     Theories of Knowledge
     Principles of Knowledge
     Knowledge, Miscellaneous
    Skepticism
     Varieties of Skepticism
     Replies to Skepticism
     History: Skepticism
     Skepticism, Misc
    Social Epistemology
     Epistemic Relativism
     Collective Mentality
     Collective Epistemology
     Extended Epistemology
     Feminist Epistemology
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Social Choice Theory
     Social Epistemology, Misc
     Trust
     Sociology of Knowledge
     Sociology of Science
     Judgment Aggregation
     Testimony
     Disagreement
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  2. De-Briefing Aime Project : A Participant Perspective.Terence Blake - 2016 - In Bruno Latour (ed.), reset MODERNITY! London, ENGLAND: The MIT Press. pp. 468-474.
    This paper attempts to evaluate the AIME project immanently, from the perspective of a participant, in terms of five criteria: digitality, diplomacy, religiosity, testability, and democracy. A sixth criterion runs through the other five: pluralism. I distinguish between AIME as project, as process, and as party line.
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    Epistemological Sources
     The A Priori
     Intuition
     Memory
     Perceptual Knowledge
     Reasoning
     Self-Knowledge
     Seemings
     Testimony
     Epistemological Sources, Misc
    Epistemological States and Properties
     Belief
     The Basing Relation
     Defeat
     Entitlement
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemic Luck
     Evidence
     Ignorance
     Justification
     Knowledge
     Rationality
     Reasons
     Understanding
     Warrant
     Wisdom
     Epistemological States and Properties, Misc
    Epistemological Theories
     Coherentism
     Dogmatism
     Epistemic Constructivism
     Epistemic Contextualism
     Epistemic Fallibilism
     Epistemic Internalism and Externalism
     Epistemic Relativism
     Empiricism
     Evidentialism
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Foundationalism
     Infinitism
     Pragmatic Encroachment
     Rationalism
     Reliabilism
     Virtue Epistemology
     Epistemological Theories, Misc
    Epistemology of Specific Domains
     Aesthetic Knowledge
     Epistemology of Mathematics
     Epistemology of Logic
     Epistemology of Phil
     Epistemology of Religion
     Epistemology of Specific Domains, Misc
     Evidence and Proof in Law
     Knowledge of Consciousness
     Knowledge of Language
     Modal Epistemology
     Moral Epistemology
     The Problem of Other Minds
     Self-Knowledge
    Epistemology, Miscellaneous
     Epistemic Injustice
     Epistemic Luck
     Epistemic Paradoxes
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemologies of Ignorance
     Feminist Epistemology
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Metaepistemology
     Naturalized Epistemology
     Epistemology, General Works
     Epistemology, Misc
    Epistemic Normativity
     Doxastic Voluntarism
     Epistemic Normativity, Misc
     Epistemic Norms
     Epistemic Responsibility
     Epistemic Value
     Epistemic Virtues
     Ethics of Belief
     Norms of Assertion
    Formal Epistemology
     Belief Revision
     Causal Reasoning
     Scientific Method
     Epistemic Logic
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Formal Epistemology, Misc
     Probabilistic Reasoning
    Knowledge
     Defining Knowledge
     Varieties of Knowledge
     Theories of Knowledge
     Principles of Knowledge
     Knowledge, Miscellaneous
    Skepticism
     Varieties of Skepticism
     Replies to Skepticism
     History: Skepticism
     Skepticism, Misc
    Social Epistemology
     Epistemic Relativism
     Collective Mentality
     Collective Epistemology
     Extended Epistemology
     Feminist Epistemology
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Social Choice Theory
     Social Epistemology, Misc
     Trust
     Sociology of Knowledge
     Sociology of Science
     Judgment Aggregation
     Testimony
     Disagreement
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  3. Peirce on Intuition, Instinct, and Common Sense.Kenneth Boyd & Diana Heney - 2017 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy (2).
    In addition to being a founder of American pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce was a scientist and an empiricist. A core aspect of his thoroughgoing empiricism was a mindset that treats all attitudes as revisable. His fallibilism seems to require us to constantly seek out new information, and to not be content holding any beliefs uncritically. At the same time, Peirce often states that common sense has an important role to play in both scientific and vital inquiry, and that there cannot (...)
    Select appropriate categories:

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    Select a category by name

    Epistemological Sources
     The A Priori
     Intuition
     Memory
     Perceptual Knowledge
     Reasoning
     Self-Knowledge
     Seemings
     Testimony
     Epistemological Sources, Misc
    Epistemological States and Properties
     Belief
     The Basing Relation
     Defeat
     Entitlement
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemic Luck
     Evidence
     Ignorance
     Justification
     Knowledge
     Rationality
     Reasons
     Understanding
     Warrant
     Wisdom
     Epistemological States and Properties, Misc
    Epistemological Theories
     Coherentism
     Dogmatism
     Epistemic Constructivism
     Epistemic Contextualism
     Epistemic Fallibilism
     Epistemic Internalism and Externalism
     Epistemic Relativism
     Empiricism
     Evidentialism
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Foundationalism
     Infinitism
     Pragmatic Encroachment
     Rationalism
     Reliabilism
     Virtue Epistemology
     Epistemological Theories, Misc
    Epistemology of Specific Domains
     Aesthetic Knowledge
     Epistemology of Mathematics
     Epistemology of Logic
     Epistemology of Phil
     Epistemology of Religion
     Epistemology of Specific Domains, Misc
     Evidence and Proof in Law
     Knowledge of Consciousness
     Knowledge of Language
     Modal Epistemology
     Moral Epistemology
     The Problem of Other Minds
     Self-Knowledge
    Epistemology, Miscellaneous
     Epistemic Injustice
     Epistemic Luck
     Epistemic Paradoxes
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemologies of Ignorance
     Feminist Epistemology
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Metaepistemology
     Naturalized Epistemology
     Epistemology, General Works
     Epistemology, Misc
    Epistemic Normativity
     Doxastic Voluntarism
     Epistemic Normativity, Misc
     Epistemic Norms
     Epistemic Responsibility
     Epistemic Value
     Epistemic Virtues
     Ethics of Belief
     Norms of Assertion
    Formal Epistemology
     Belief Revision
     Causal Reasoning
     Scientific Method
     Epistemic Logic
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Formal Epistemology, Misc
     Probabilistic Reasoning
    Knowledge
     Defining Knowledge
     Varieties of Knowledge
     Theories of Knowledge
     Principles of Knowledge
     Knowledge, Miscellaneous
    Skepticism
     Varieties of Skepticism
     Replies to Skepticism
     History: Skepticism
     Skepticism, Misc
    Social Epistemology
     Epistemic Relativism
     Collective Mentality
     Collective Epistemology
     Extended Epistemology
     Feminist Epistemology
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Social Choice Theory
     Social Epistemology, Misc
     Trust
     Sociology of Knowledge
     Sociology of Science
     Judgment Aggregation
     Testimony
     Disagreement
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  4. CARNAP's IDEAL OF EXPLICATION AND NATURALISM, EDITED BY PIERRE WAGNER (REVIEW BY CONSTANTIN BRÎNCUȘ). [REVIEW]Constantin C. Brîncuș - 2014 - Romanian Journal of Analytic Philosophy 8 (2).
    Select appropriate categories:

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    Epistemological Sources
     The A Priori
     Intuition
     Memory
     Perceptual Knowledge
     Reasoning
     Self-Knowledge
     Seemings
     Testimony
     Epistemological Sources, Misc
    Epistemological States and Properties
     Belief
     The Basing Relation
     Defeat
     Entitlement
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemic Luck
     Evidence
     Ignorance
     Justification
     Knowledge
     Rationality
     Reasons
     Understanding
     Warrant
     Wisdom
     Epistemological States and Properties, Misc
    Epistemological Theories
     Coherentism
     Dogmatism
     Epistemic Constructivism
     Epistemic Contextualism
     Epistemic Fallibilism
     Epistemic Internalism and Externalism
     Epistemic Relativism
     Empiricism
     Evidentialism
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Foundationalism
     Infinitism
     Pragmatic Encroachment
     Rationalism
     Reliabilism
     Virtue Epistemology
     Epistemological Theories, Misc
    Epistemology of Specific Domains
     Aesthetic Knowledge
     Epistemology of Mathematics
     Epistemology of Logic
     Epistemology of Phil
     Epistemology of Religion
     Epistemology of Specific Domains, Misc
     Evidence and Proof in Law
     Knowledge of Consciousness
     Knowledge of Language
     Modal Epistemology
     Moral Epistemology
     The Problem of Other Minds
     Self-Knowledge
    Epistemology, Miscellaneous
     Epistemic Injustice
     Epistemic Luck
     Epistemic Paradoxes
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemologies of Ignorance
     Feminist Epistemology
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Metaepistemology
     Naturalized Epistemology
     Epistemology, General Works
     Epistemology, Misc
    Epistemic Normativity
     Doxastic Voluntarism
     Epistemic Normativity, Misc
     Epistemic Norms
     Epistemic Responsibility
     Epistemic Value
     Epistemic Virtues
     Ethics of Belief
     Norms of Assertion
    Formal Epistemology
     Belief Revision
     Causal Reasoning
     Scientific Method
     Epistemic Logic
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Formal Epistemology, Misc
     Probabilistic Reasoning
    Knowledge
     Defining Knowledge
     Varieties of Knowledge
     Theories of Knowledge
     Principles of Knowledge
     Knowledge, Miscellaneous
    Skepticism
     Varieties of Skepticism
     Replies to Skepticism
     History: Skepticism
     Skepticism, Misc
    Social Epistemology
     Epistemic Relativism
     Collective Mentality
     Collective Epistemology
     Extended Epistemology
     Feminist Epistemology
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Social Choice Theory
     Social Epistemology, Misc
     Trust
     Sociology of Knowledge
     Sociology of Science
     Judgment Aggregation
     Testimony
     Disagreement
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  5. We Commonly Call Religious Ideology, Ethical Ideology, Legal Ideology, Political Ideology, Etc. So Many'world Outlooks'. Of Course, Assuming That We Do Not Live One of These Ideologies as the Truth (Eg'believe'in God, Duty, Justice, Etc....), We Admit That the Ideology We Are Discussing From a Critical Point of View, Examining It as the Ethnologist Examines the Myths Of. [REVIEW]Mapping Ideology - 1999 - In Jessica Evans & Stuart Hall (eds.), Visual Culture: The Reader. Sage Publications in Association with the Open University. pp. 317.
    Select appropriate categories:

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    Epistemological Sources
     The A Priori
     Intuition
     Memory
     Perceptual Knowledge
     Reasoning
     Self-Knowledge
     Seemings
     Testimony
     Epistemological Sources, Misc
    Epistemological States and Properties
     Belief
     The Basing Relation
     Defeat
     Entitlement
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemic Luck
     Evidence
     Ignorance
     Justification
     Knowledge
     Rationality
     Reasons
     Understanding
     Warrant
     Wisdom
     Epistemological States and Properties, Misc
    Epistemological Theories
     Coherentism
     Dogmatism
     Epistemic Constructivism
     Epistemic Contextualism
     Epistemic Fallibilism
     Epistemic Internalism and Externalism
     Epistemic Relativism
     Empiricism
     Evidentialism
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Foundationalism
     Infinitism
     Pragmatic Encroachment
     Rationalism
     Reliabilism
     Virtue Epistemology
     Epistemological Theories, Misc
    Epistemology of Specific Domains
     Aesthetic Knowledge
     Epistemology of Mathematics
     Epistemology of Logic
     Epistemology of Phil
     Epistemology of Religion
     Epistemology of Specific Domains, Misc
     Evidence and Proof in Law
     Knowledge of Consciousness
     Knowledge of Language
     Modal Epistemology
     Moral Epistemology
     The Problem of Other Minds
     Self-Knowledge
    Epistemology, Miscellaneous
     Epistemic Injustice
     Epistemic Luck
     Epistemic Paradoxes
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemologies of Ignorance
     Feminist Epistemology
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Metaepistemology
     Naturalized Epistemology
     Epistemology, General Works
     Epistemology, Misc
    Epistemic Normativity
     Doxastic Voluntarism
     Epistemic Normativity, Misc
     Epistemic Norms
     Epistemic Responsibility
     Epistemic Value
     Epistemic Virtues
     Ethics of Belief
     Norms of Assertion
    Formal Epistemology
     Belief Revision
     Causal Reasoning
     Scientific Method
     Epistemic Logic
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Formal Epistemology, Misc
     Probabilistic Reasoning
    Knowledge
     Defining Knowledge
     Varieties of Knowledge
     Theories of Knowledge
     Principles of Knowledge
     Knowledge, Miscellaneous
    Skepticism
     Varieties of Skepticism
     Replies to Skepticism
     History: Skepticism
     Skepticism, Misc
    Social Epistemology
     Epistemic Relativism
     Collective Mentality
     Collective Epistemology
     Extended Epistemology
     Feminist Epistemology
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Social Choice Theory
     Social Epistemology, Misc
     Trust
     Sociology of Knowledge
     Sociology of Science
     Judgment Aggregation
     Testimony
     Disagreement
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  6. Inference to the Best Explanation: Fundamentalism's Failures.Kareem Khalifa, Jared A. Millson & Mark Risjord - 2017 - In Kevin McCain & Ted Poston (eds.), Best Explanations: New Essays on Inference to the Best Explanation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 80-96.
    Many epistemologists take Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) to be “fundamental.” For instance, Lycan (1988, 128) writes that “all justified reasoning is fundamentally explanatory reasoning.” Conee and Feldman (2008, 97) concur: “fundamental epistemic principles are principles of best explanation.” Call them fundamentalists. They assert that nothing deeper could justify IBE, as is typically assumed of rules of deductive inference, such as modus ponens. However, logicians account for modus ponens with the valuation rule for the material conditional. By contrast, fundamentalists (...)
    Select appropriate categories:

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    Epistemological Sources
     The A Priori
     Intuition
     Memory
     Perceptual Knowledge
     Reasoning
     Self-Knowledge
     Seemings
     Testimony
     Epistemological Sources, Misc
    Epistemological States and Properties
     Belief
     The Basing Relation
     Defeat
     Entitlement
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemic Luck
     Evidence
     Ignorance
     Justification
     Knowledge
     Rationality
     Reasons
     Understanding
     Warrant
     Wisdom
     Epistemological States and Properties, Misc
    Epistemological Theories
     Coherentism
     Dogmatism
     Epistemic Constructivism
     Epistemic Contextualism
     Epistemic Fallibilism
     Epistemic Internalism and Externalism
     Epistemic Relativism
     Empiricism
     Evidentialism
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Foundationalism
     Infinitism
     Pragmatic Encroachment
     Rationalism
     Reliabilism
     Virtue Epistemology
     Epistemological Theories, Misc
    Epistemology of Specific Domains
     Aesthetic Knowledge
     Epistemology of Mathematics
     Epistemology of Logic
     Epistemology of Phil
     Epistemology of Religion
     Epistemology of Specific Domains, Misc
     Evidence and Proof in Law
     Knowledge of Consciousness
     Knowledge of Language
     Modal Epistemology
     Moral Epistemology
     The Problem of Other Minds
     Self-Knowledge
    Epistemology, Miscellaneous
     Epistemic Injustice
     Epistemic Luck
     Epistemic Paradoxes
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemologies of Ignorance
     Feminist Epistemology
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Metaepistemology
     Naturalized Epistemology
     Epistemology, General Works
     Epistemology, Misc
    Epistemic Normativity
     Doxastic Voluntarism
     Epistemic Normativity, Misc
     Epistemic Norms
     Epistemic Responsibility
     Epistemic Value
     Epistemic Virtues
     Ethics of Belief
     Norms of Assertion
    Formal Epistemology
     Belief Revision
     Causal Reasoning
     Scientific Method
     Epistemic Logic
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Formal Epistemology, Misc
     Probabilistic Reasoning
    Knowledge
     Defining Knowledge
     Varieties of Knowledge
     Theories of Knowledge
     Principles of Knowledge
     Knowledge, Miscellaneous
    Skepticism
     Varieties of Skepticism
     Replies to Skepticism
     History: Skepticism
     Skepticism, Misc
    Social Epistemology
     Epistemic Relativism
     Collective Mentality
     Collective Epistemology
     Extended Epistemology
     Feminist Epistemology
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Social Choice Theory
     Social Epistemology, Misc
     Trust
     Sociology of Knowledge
     Sociology of Science
     Judgment Aggregation
     Testimony
     Disagreement
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  7. Christianity and the Postmodern Turn.Myron B. Penner (ed.) - 2005 - Grand Rapids: Brazos.
    Select appropriate categories:

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    Epistemological Sources
     The A Priori
     Intuition
     Memory
     Perceptual Knowledge
     Reasoning
     Self-Knowledge
     Seemings
     Testimony
     Epistemological Sources, Misc
    Epistemological States and Properties
     Belief
     The Basing Relation
     Defeat
     Entitlement
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemic Luck
     Evidence
     Ignorance
     Justification
     Knowledge
     Rationality
     Reasons
     Understanding
     Warrant
     Wisdom
     Epistemological States and Properties, Misc
    Epistemological Theories
     Coherentism
     Dogmatism
     Epistemic Constructivism
     Epistemic Contextualism
     Epistemic Fallibilism
     Epistemic Internalism and Externalism
     Epistemic Relativism
     Empiricism
     Evidentialism
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Foundationalism
     Infinitism
     Pragmatic Encroachment
     Rationalism
     Reliabilism
     Virtue Epistemology
     Epistemological Theories, Misc
    Epistemology of Specific Domains
     Aesthetic Knowledge
     Epistemology of Mathematics
     Epistemology of Logic
     Epistemology of Phil
     Epistemology of Religion
     Epistemology of Specific Domains, Misc
     Evidence and Proof in Law
     Knowledge of Consciousness
     Knowledge of Language
     Modal Epistemology
     Moral Epistemology
     The Problem of Other Minds
     Self-Knowledge
    Epistemology, Miscellaneous
     Epistemic Injustice
     Epistemic Luck
     Epistemic Paradoxes
     Epistemic Possibility
     Epistemologies of Ignorance
     Feminist Epistemology
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Metaepistemology
     Naturalized Epistemology
     Epistemology, General Works
     Epistemology, Misc
    Epistemic Normativity
     Doxastic Voluntarism
     Epistemic Normativity, Misc
     Epistemic Norms
     Epistemic Responsibility
     Epistemic Value
     Epistemic Virtues
     Ethics of Belief
     Norms of Assertion
    Formal Epistemology
     Belief Revision
     Causal Reasoning
     Scientific Method
     Epistemic Logic
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Formal Epistemology, Misc
     Probabilistic Reasoning
    Knowledge
     Defining Knowledge
     Varieties of Knowledge
     Theories of Knowledge
     Principles of Knowledge
     Knowledge, Miscellaneous
    Skepticism
     Varieties of Skepticism
     Replies to Skepticism
     History: Skepticism
     Skepticism, Misc
    Social Epistemology
     Epistemic Relativism
     Collective Mentality
     Collective Epistemology
     Extended Epistemology
     Feminist Epistemology
     Formal Social Epistemology
     Social Choice Theory
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  8. Thinking in Tongues: Pentecostal Contributions to Christian Philosophy.James K. A. Smith - 2010 - Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.
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  9. Postmodernism and the Priority of Language.R. Scott Smith - 2005 - In Myron B. Penner (ed.), Christianity and the Postmodern Turn: Six Views. Grand Rapids: Brazos.
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  10. Logical Treatment of the Relations of Knowing and Believing.Gerold Stahl - 1979 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 39 (4):511-523.
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  11. The Notion of Probability in the Theistic Argument of F. R. Tennant.John Thomas Stahl - 1967 - Dissertation, Boston University Graduate School
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  12. The Deflation of Belief States.Robert J. Stainton - 1997 - Critica 29 (85):95 - 119.
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  13. Gettiering Goldman.Kenneth Stalkfleet - 2011 - Stance 4:69-78.
    This paper examines the causal theory of knowledge put forth by Alvin Goldman in his 1967 paper “A Causal Theory of Knowing.” Goldman contends that a justified, true belief is knowledge if and only if it is causally connected to the fact that makes it true. This paper provides examples, however, of justified, true beliefs with such causal connections that are clearly not knowledge. The paper further shows that attempts to salvage the causal theory are unsatisfactory.
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  14. On Logics of Knowledge and Belief.Robert Stalnaker - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 128 (1):169-199.
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  15. Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?-Open Peer Commentary-A Psychological Point of View: Violations of Rational Rules as a Diagnostic of Mental Processes.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & D. Kalmeman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):681-682.
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  16. Individual Differences in Reasoning: Implications for the Rationality Debate?-Open Peer Commentary-Implicit Learning of (Boundedly) Rational Behaviour.K. E. Stanovich, R. F. West & D. J. Zizzo - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):700-700.
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  17. The Grounds of Knowledge.Isabel Stearns - 1941 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 2 (3):359-375.
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  18. The Ethics of Lottery Advertising: Issues and Evidence. [REVIEW]James M. Stearns & Shaheen Borna - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (1):43 - 51.
    After a discussion of the evolution and criticisms of state run lotteries, this article examines the ethics of lottery advertising. A discussion of the appeals used by lottery advertisers is followed by evidence concerning the impact of expected value information on lottery purchase intentions. Findings point toward less emphasis on the lottery as a solution to financial and job problems and more emphasis on information about the actual value of a lottery bet. Using accepted standards from the marketing literature, lottery (...)
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  19. The Objection From Cognitive Agreement.Predelli Stefano - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 99 (2):167-186.
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  20. Information, Power, and Democracy: Liberty is a Daughter of Knowledge.Nico Stehr - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    The link between liberty and knowledge is neither static nor simple. Until recently the mutual support between knowledge, science, democracy and emancipation was presupposed. Recently, however, the close relationship between democracy and knowledge has been viewed with skepticism. The growing societal reliance on specialized knowledge often appears to actually undermine democracy. Is it that we do not know enough, but that we know too much? What are the implications for the freedom of societies and their citizens? Does knowledge help or (...)
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  21. Building Coherence-Talking About Goals, Actions, and Outcomes.Nl Stein & Er Albro - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):508-508.
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  22. I Win-You Lose-the Development of Argumentational Reasoning.Nl Stein & C. Miller - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):496-496.
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  23. Paul Thagard, Conceptual Revolutions.Eric Steinhart - 1993 - Metaphilosophy 24 (4):415-420.
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  24. Experts, Teachers and Their Epistemic Roles in Normative and Non-Normative Domains.Tobias Steinig - 2012 - Analyse & Kritik 34 (2):251-274.
    Goldman’s notions of expert and testimony in epistemological contexts are extended to normative issues. The result is a sketch of a conceptual framework: several types of experts and roles they can serve in informing not specially qualified recipients are distinguished; differences between experts in epistemological and moral contexts are highlighted. This framework then is the point of reference for claims about experts, expertise and moral testimony in Birnbacher’s and Jones & Schroeter’s contributions to this volume. First, Birnbacher’s worries about the (...)
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  25. A Solution to the Lottery Paradox.Nathan Stemmer - 1982 - Synthese 51 (3):339 - 353.
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  26. The Quest for Reality: Bohr and Wittgenstein, Two Complementary Views.Stig Stenholm - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    The content of this book is essentially one argument. The aim of this book is to consider the breakdown of a certain world view during the twentieth century. This is mirrored in the treatment of both science and philosophy. As these form the foundation for the human position in the world, a major reorganization of the body of knowledge had to take place. Bohr and Wittgenstein have been chosen as the main actors to represent this revision. Each one had to (...)
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  27. Image and Language in Human Reasoning: A Syllogistic Illustration.Keith Stenning & Peter Yule - 1997 - Philosophical Explorations.
    Existing accounts of syllogistic reasoning oppose rule-based and model-based methods. Stenning \& Oberlander show that the latter are isomorphic to well-known graphical methods, when these are correctly interpreted. We here extend these results by showing that equivalent sentential implementations exist, thus revealing that all these theories are members of a family of abstract {\it individual identification algorithms} variously implemented in diagrams or sentences. This abstract logical analysis suggests a novel {\it individual identification task} for observing syllogistic reasoning processes. Comparison of (...)
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  28. Knowledge and Belief in the Dialogue of Cultures.M. T. Stepani͡ant͡s (ed.) - 2009 - Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.
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  29. Epistemology. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy. Vol. 6.Dermot Moran Stephen Voss (ed.) - 2007 - The Philosophical Society of Turkey.
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  30. Harmless Naturalism: The Limits of Science and the Nature of Philosophy.M. Steup - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (3):462-465.
    Should we only believe what science can prove? Robert Almeder analyzes "naturalized epistemology," which holds that the only valid claims that can be made about the world must be proven by the natural sciences and that all philosophical questions are ultimately answered by science. The author examines and refutes different forms of naturalized epistemology before settling on "harmless naturalism," a compromise which implies that certain questions about the world are answerable and have been answered, without appealing to science. (publisher).
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  31. Is Epistemic Circularity Bad?Matthias Steup - 2013 - Res Philosophica 90 (2):215-235.
    Is it possible to argue that one’s memory is reliable without using one’s memory? I argue that it is not. Since it is not, it is impossible to defend the reliability ofone’s memory without employing reasoning that is epistemically circular. Hence, if epistemic circularity is vicious, it is impossible to succeed in producing a cogent argument for the reliability of one’s memory. The same applies to any other one of one’s cognitive faculties. I further argue that, if epistemic circularity is (...)
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