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1 — 50 / 176
  1. added 2018-10-11
    Downward Mobility and Rawlsian Justice.Govind Persad - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 175 (2):277-300.
    Technological and societal changes have made downward social and economic mobility a pressing issue in real-world politics. This article argues that a Rawlsian society would not provide any special protection against downward mobility, and would act rightly in declining to provide such protection. Special treatment for the downwardly mobile can be grounded neither in Rawls’s core principles—the basic liberties, fair equality of opportunity, and the difference principle—nor in other aspects of Rawls’s theory. Instead, a Rawlsian society is willing to sacrifice (...)
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  2. added 2018-09-06
    The Metric of Opportunity.Robert Sudgen - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (2):307.
    There is a long tradition in economics of evaluating social arrangements by the extent to which individuals' preferences are satisfied. This is the tradition of welfarism, which has developed from nineteenth-century utilitarianism. Increasingly, however, the presumption that preference-satisfaction is the appropriate standard for evaluating social arrangements is being challenged by an alternative view: that we should focus on the set of opportunities open to each individual.
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  3. added 2018-06-20
    Discrimination and Disability.Sean Aas & David Wasserman - 2017 - In Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (ed.), Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Discrimination. New York: Routledge.
  4. added 2018-02-17
    Natural and Social Inequality.David Wasserman & Sean Aas - 2016 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (5):576-601.
    _ Source: _Page Count 26 This paper examines the moral import of a distinction between natural and social inequalities. Following Thomas Nagel, it argues for a “denatured” distinction that relies less on the biological vs. social causation of inequalities than on the idea that society is morally responsible for some inequalities but not others. It maintains that securing fair equality of opportunity by eliminating such social inequalities has particularly high priority in distributive justice. Departing from Nagel, it argues that society (...)
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  5. added 2017-10-18
    Hypothetical Insurance and Higher Education.Ben Colburn & Hugh Lazenby - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (4):587-604.
    What level of government subsidy of higher education is justified, in what form, and for what reasons? We answer these questions by applying the hypothetical insurance approach, originally developed by Ronald Dworkin in his work on distributive justice. On this approach, when asking how to fund and deliver public services in a particular domain, we should seek to model what would be the outcome of a hypothetical insurance market: we stipulate that participants lack knowledge about their specific resources and risks, (...)
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  6. added 2017-10-18
    Responsibility and School Choice in Education.Ben Colburn - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (2):207-222.
    Consider the following argument for school choice, based on an appeal to the virtues of the market: allowing parents some measure of choice over their particular children's education ultimately serves the interests of all children, because creating a market mechanism in state education will produce improvements through the same pressures that lead to greater efficiency and quality when markets are deployed in more familiar contexts. The argument fails, because it is committed to a principle of equal concern, which implies that (...)
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  7. added 2017-09-05
    Fair Equality of Opportunity in Global Justice.Mark Navin - 2008 - Social Philosophy Today 24:39-52.
    Many political philosophers argue that a principle of ‘fair equality of opportunity’ ought to extend beyond national borders. I agree that there is a place for FEO in a theory of global justice. However, I think that the idea of cross-border FEO is indeterminate between three different principles. Part of my work in this paper is methodological: I identify three different principles of cross-border fair equality of opportunity and I distinguish them from each other. The other part of my work (...)
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  8. added 2017-03-05
    Can Luck Egalitarianism Be Really Saved By Value Pluralism?Eugen Huzum - 2011 - Studia Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai Philosophia 2.
    In this paper I discuss a frequent reply to what is usually called ‘the harshness objection,’ or “the abandonment objection” to luck egalitarianism. This objection has been used by Elizabeth Anderson to argue that luck egalitarianism is not, in any of its versions, an adequate interpretation of the ideal of social justice. According to the luck egalitarian reply discussed in this paper, luck egalitarianism can be saved from the harshness objection by value pluralism. After a few short considerations on luck (...)
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  9. added 2017-02-15
    Effort Aversiveness May Be Functional, but Does It Reflect Opportunity Cost?David Navon - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):701-702.
  10. added 2017-02-14
    Disabilities and Educational Opportunity: A Deweyan Approach.Todd Lekan - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (2):214-230.
  11. added 2017-02-14
    Need, Aspiration, and Opportunity in the Making of American Exceptionalism.Janet Irons - 2003 - Historical Materialism 11 (4):405-412.
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  12. added 2017-02-14
    Social Class and Educational Opportunity.Kenneth Hutton - 1957 - The Eugenics Review 49 (1):37.
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  13. added 2017-02-13
    Darwinism and Victorian Values: Threat or Opportunity?Peter J. Bowler - 1992 - In Victorian Values. pp. 129-147.
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  14. added 2017-02-13
    Damages for Lost Opportunity to Bargain.Robert J. Sharpe & S. M. Waddams - 1982 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 2 (2):290-297.
  15. added 2017-02-12
    Mediation-More Than an Opportunity to Settle: Don't Miss Out on The'hidden'benefits.John Campbell - 2013 - Ethos: Official Publication of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory 228:20.
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  16. added 2017-02-09
    Review: Educational Equality in the U. S.: The Emperor's Clothes. [REVIEW]Annie Stein - 1972 - Science and Society 36 (4):469 - 476.
  17. added 2017-02-08
    Book Reviews Gomberg, Paul . How to Make Opportunity Equal . Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2007. Pp. Vii+184. [REVIEW]David Schmidtz - 2009 - Ethics 120 (1):184-188.
  18. added 2017-02-08
    The 'Second Chance' Myth: Equality of Opportunity in Irish Adult Education Policies.Bernie Grummell - 2007 - British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (2):182 - 201.
    This article explores the 'second chance' myth that surrounds the role of adult education in society. This myth apparently offers all citizens an equal chance to access educational opportunities to improve their life chances. I argue that recent developments in educational policy-making are increasingly shaped by neoliberal discourses that adapt adult education principles, such as lifelong learning and emancipation, for its own economic and political logic. This has important implications for adult education, especially equality of opportunity and social inclusion.
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  19. added 2017-02-08
    Aptitude Testing Is Not an Engine for Equalising Educational Opportunity.Robert Wood - 1986 - British Journal of Educational Studies 34 (1):26 - 37.
    A recent article on education in China succeeded in giving a fresh tweak to the arguments concerning whether aptitude or achievement testing is more likely to promote equality of educational opportunity. In 'The Diploma Disease' Ronald Dore expounded the view that aptitude testing is to be preferred for selection purposes on the grounds that it gives more weight to 'innate potential' (his term) than does achievement testing which produces results more affected by quality of schooling, an influence which is all (...)
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  20. added 2017-02-07
    Providing Equal Educational Opportunity: Public Vs. Voucher Schools.John E. Roemer - 1992 - Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (1):291.
    All advanced societies maintain a commitment to equal educational opportunity, which they claim to implement through a public school system that is charged toprovide all children with an education up to a state-enforced standard. Indeed, what public schools do, even in the best of circumstances, is to provide all children with a more or less equal exposure to educational inputs, rather than to guarantee them equal educational attainment. Children, as the schools receive them, differ markedly in their docility — due (...)
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  21. added 2017-01-29
    On Equality of Educational Opportunity.Frederick Mosteller & Daniel P. Moynihan - 1972 - Science and Society 36 (4):469-476.
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  22. added 2017-01-29
    The Historical Opportunity of Orthodoxy.William J. Grace - 1952 - The Thomist 15:289.
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  23. added 2017-01-29
    Greece: American Dilemma and Opportunity.L. S. Stavrianos - 1952 - Science and Society 16 (4):372-374.
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  24. added 2017-01-27
    Disadvantage and Equal Opportunity in Education: A Noncomparative Perspective.Thomas Schramme - 2014 - Social Philosophy and Policy 31 (1):135-149.
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  25. added 2017-01-27
    Equal Opportunity, Natural Inequalities, and Racial Disadvantage: The Bell Curve and its Critics.Bell Curve Myth - 1999 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (1):121-145.
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  26. added 2017-01-27
    A Liberal Defense of Equal Opportunity.William Galston - 1997 - In Louis P. Pojman & Robert Westmoreland (eds.), Equality: Selected Readings. Oup Usa.
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  27. added 2017-01-26
    Teacher Tests, Equal Opportunity, and the Foundations of Education.Joseph Watras - 2006 - Educational Studies 39 (2):124-134.
  28. added 2017-01-26
    The Community College Opportunity To Assist Those 55+.George Lennox - 2000 - Inquiry (ERIC) 5 (2):52-54.
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  29. added 2017-01-26
    Emerging Pathogens: Threat and Opportunity.D. M. Forrest & B. Gushulak - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (1):118.
  30. added 2017-01-26
    The Hooper Equal Opportunity Measure: An Operational Definition of Ecological Dissonance Theory.Duane I. Miller, Mike Majors, Marty Giesen & Jeff S. Topping - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (2):164-166.
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  31. added 2017-01-26
    Equal Opportunity and the Family.Peter Vallentyne & Morry Lipson - 1989 - Public Affairs Quarterly 3 (4):27-45.
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  32. added 2017-01-26
    Opportunity and Equality of Opportunity.Lawrence A. Blum - 1988 - Public Affairs Quarterly 2 (4):1-18.
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  33. added 2017-01-26
    Ability and Opportunity in English Education.L. S. Penrose - 1936 - The Eugenics Review 28 (1):68.
  34. added 2017-01-26
    British Agriculture: The Nation's Opportunity.J. J. Findlay - 1918 - The Eugenics Review 9 (4):350.
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  35. added 2017-01-25
    Cultural Historical Processes and the Educational Achievement Gap: Challenging Policies for Establishing Equal Educational Opportunity.P. R. Portes - 2002 - Journal of Thought 37 (4):105-116.
  36. added 2017-01-25
    Discrimination and Equality of Opportunity—Northern Irish Lessons.Bob Hepple - 1990 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 10 (3):408-421.
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  37. added 2017-01-24
    Equality, Sufficiency, and Opportunity in the Just Society.Alexander Rosenberg - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):54-71.
    It seems to be almost a given of contemporary Anglo-American political philosophy that the just society is obligated to establish and ensure the equality of its members. Debate begins when we come to delineate the forms and limits of the equality society is obligated to underwrite. In this essay I offer the subversive suggestion that equality is not something the just society should aim for. Instead I offer another objective, one which is to be preferred both because it is more (...)
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  38. added 2017-01-22
    Why Should States Fund Schools?Harry Brighouse - 1998 - British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (2):138 - 152.
    In arguing for government withdrawal from funding and regulating schooling, James Tooley claims that equality of opportunity in education implies only that all deserve an adequate minimum education. However, he concedes the 'abstract egalitarian thesis' that all should be treated with equal concern and respect. I show that this thesis indeed implies educational equality, and that Tooley's arguments against educational equality rest on a misunderstanding of the foundations of egalitarianism.
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  39. added 2017-01-22
    Equal Opportunity, Freedom and Sex-Stereotyping.Susan Leigh Anderson - 1991 - Journal of Philosophical Research 16:1-10.
    Michael Levin, in Feminism and Freedom, argues that sex-stereotyping is inevitable and legitimate since there are innate non-anatomical differences between the sexes. He, further, believes that sex-stereotyping is compatible with members of both sexes acting freely and having equal opportunity in the job market and other areas of life. I will attack both claims, but I will particularly concentrate on the second one. I believe that Levin is only able to make his view sound plausible because of his minimal definitions (...)
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  40. added 2017-01-22
    Ability and Opportunity.John Tietz - 1973 - Journal of Critical Analysis 5 (1):15-26.
  41. added 2017-01-21
    The Justification of Equal Opportunity.Alan H. Goldman - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):88.
    As a preliminary to the justification of equal opportunity, we require a few words on the concept. An opportunity is a chance to attain some goal or obtain some benefit. More precisely, it is the lack of some obstacle or obstacles to the attainment of some goal or benefit. Opportunities are equal in some specified or understood sense when persons face roughly the same obstacles or obstacles of roughly the same difficulty of some specified or understood sort. In different contexts (...)
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  42. added 2017-01-21
    Equal Opportunity in a Pluralistic Society.James W. Nickel - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):104.
    The United States has never been culturally or religiously homogeneous, but its diversity has greatly increased over the last century. Although the U.S. was first a multicultural nation through conquest and enslavement, its present diversity is due equally to immigration. In this paper I try to explain the difference it makes for one area of thought and policy – equal opportunity – if we incorporate cultural and religious pluralism into our national self-image. Formulating and implementing a policy of equal opportunity (...)
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  43. added 2017-01-21
    Liberty Versus Equal Opportunity.James S. Fishkin - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):32.
    Liberalism has often been viewed as a continuing dialogue about the relative priorities between liberty and equality. When the version of equality under discussion requires equalization of outcomes, it is easy to see how the two ideals might conflict. But when the version of equality requires only equalization of opportunities, the conflict has been treated as greatly muted since the principle of equality seems so meager in its implications. However, when one looks carefully at various versions of equal opportunity and (...)
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  44. added 2017-01-21
    Countertheses: The Logic of Our Current Opportunity.Frederick Ferre - 1970 - World Futures 8 (4):59-87.
  45. added 2017-01-20
    Paul Gomberg, How to Make Opportunity Equal.Reviewed by David Schmidtz - 2009 - Ethics 120 (1).
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  46. added 2017-01-20
    Equal Opportunity, Natural Inequalities, and Racial Disadvantage: The Bell Curve and its Critics.Lesley A. Jacobs - 1999 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (1).
  47. added 2017-01-19
    Opportunity as a Space for Individuality: Its Value and the Impossibility of Measuring It.Robert Sugden - 2003 - Ethics 113 (4):783-809.
  48. added 2017-01-19
    Mediating Difference: Normative Conflict as Opportunity.Ellen Waldman - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):25 – 27.
  49. added 2017-01-19
    A Defense of Equal Opportunity for Welfare.Richard J. Arneson - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 62 (2):187 - 195.
  50. added 2017-01-19
    Difficulties with the Principle of Equal Opportunity for Welfare.Thomas Christiano - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 62 (2):179 - 185.
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