Related categories

272 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 272
  1. added 2020-03-17
    Average Utilitarianism Implies Solipsistic Egoism.Christian Tarsney - manuscript
    Average utilitarianism and several related axiologies, when paired with the standard expectational theory of decision-making under risk and with reasonable empirical credences, can find their practical prescriptions overwhelmingly determined by the minuscule probability that the agent assigns to solipsism -- i.e., to the hypothesis that there is only one welfare subject in the world, viz., herself. This either (i) constitutes a reductio of these axiologies, (ii) suggests that they require bespoke decision theories, or (iii) furnishes a novel argument for ethical (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. added 2020-03-04
    Reasoning with the Exclusionary Other: Classical Scenes for a Postradical Horizon.Carlos Palacios - 2019 - Critical Inquiry 46 (1):97-117.
    Thanks to Michel Foucault, one might say it has become possible to conceive that the political relevance of humanity in modern thought does not have to do with its “philosophical essence” but rather with its “nonessence.” Yet this very idea surfaced earlier in Western thought, at the time of the revolutionary turn towards a politicized humanitarianism, and helped to shape some crucial political strategies making up modern liberal democracy. Its potential eluded even Foucault. I contend that tracing the contours of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. added 2020-02-06
    Ethical Egoism.Nathan Nobis - 2020 - 1000-Word Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology.
    Selfishness is often considered a vice and selfish actions are often judged to be wrong. But sometimes we ought to do what’s best for ourselves: in a sense, we sometimes should be selfish. The ethical theory known as ethical egoism states that we are always morally required to do what’s in our own self-interest. The view isn’t that we are selfish—this is psychological egoism—but that we ought to be. This essay explores ethical egoism and the main arguments for and against (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. added 2019-09-09
    Contractarianism.Michael Moehler - 2020 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This book provides a systematic defense of moral contractarianism as a distinct approach to the social contract. It elucidates, in comparison to moral conventionalism and moral contractualism, the distinct features of moral contractarianism, its scope, and conceptual and practical challenges that concern the relationship between morality and self-interest, the problems of assurance and compliance, rule-following, counterfactualism, and the nexus between morals and politics. It argues that, if appropriately conceived, moral contractarianism is conceptually coherent, empirically sound, and practically relevant, and has (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. added 2019-06-06
    Ayn Rand’s Normative Ethics: The Virtuous Egoist. [REVIEW]Tara Smith - 2008 - Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (1):117-126.
    Ayn Rand is well known for advocating egoism, but the substance of that instruction is rarely understood. Far from representing the rejection of morality, selfishness, in Rand's view, actually demands the practice of a systematic code of ethics. This book explains the fundamental virtues that Rand considers vital for a person to achieve their objective well-being: rationality, honesty, independence, justice, integrity, productiveness, and pride. Tracing Rand's account of the value and harmony of human beings' rational interests, Smith examines what each (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  6. added 2019-06-06
    Two Conceptions of Reasons for Action.Ruth Chang - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):447-453.
    On a ‘comparative’ conception of practical reasons, reasons are like ‘weights’ that can make an action more or less rational. Bernard Gert adopts instead a ‘toggle’ conception of practical reasons: something counts as a reason just in case it alone can make some or other otherwise irrational action rational. I suggest that Gert’s conception suffers from various defects, and that his motivation for adopting this conception – his central claim that actions can be rational without there being reasons for them (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7. added 2019-06-06
    The Methods of Ethics, Edition 7, Page 92, Note 1: William K. Frankena.William K. Frankena - 2000 - Utilitas 12 (3):278-290.
    This essay, one of the last that Frankena wrote, provides a scrupulously detailed exploration of the various possible meanings of one of Sidgwick's most famous footnotes in the Methods Long intrigued by what Sidgwick had in mind when he said that he would explain how it came about that for moderns it is not tautologous to claim that one's own good is one's only reasonable ultimate end, Frankena uses this note as a point of departure for a penetrating review of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. added 2019-06-06
    What’s Wrong with Egoism?Joseph S. Spoerl - 1993 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 67:107.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. added 2019-06-06
    Weak Universal Egoism as a Non-Ethical System.George R. Carlson - 1978 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 8 (3):499-509.
    In his “Two Kinds of Moral Reasoning; Ethical Egoism as a Moral Theory”, Jesse Kalin defines ethical egoism as “the position that a person ought, all things considered, to do an action if and only if that action is in his overall self-interest”, by which he means that each person is ‘rationally justified in’ or ‘has conclusive reasons for’ acting thus, and not that ‘it is good', or that ‘it is desirable', or that ‘it conduces to any intrinsically desirable state (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. added 2019-06-06
    Ewing on “Higher” Egoism.Robert B. Ashmore Jr - 1977 - New Scholasticism 51 (4):513-523.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. added 2019-06-06
    Self and Others: A Reply to Ramon Lemos, “Egoism and Non-Egoism in Ethics”.Robert Ginsberg - 1973 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 11 (3):254-259.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. added 2019-06-05
    Hills , Alison . The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge From Egoism .Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Pp. Xii+266. $55.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW]James P. Sterba - 2011 - Ethics 121 (3):661-664.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. added 2019-06-05
    Book ReviewsTara Smith,. Ayn Rand’s Normative Ethics: The Virtuous Egoist.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Pp. X+318. $92.00 ; $26.99. [REVIEW]Lester Hunt - 2009 - Ethics 119 (2):394-397.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. added 2019-06-05
    What is Ethical Egoism?Edward Regis Jr - 1980 - Ethics 91 (1):50-62.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  15. added 2019-05-24
    Joy as a Moral Motive: A Response to Yong Huang's Why Be Moral?Justin Tiwald - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 69 (1):280-287.
    This essay is a response to Yong Huang's Why Be Moral? I raise three concerns about Huang's answer to the very question "Why Be Moral?" which is the subject of the first chapter of the book. First, I suggest that the justificatory interpretation of the question is as important as the motivational one, in general and for the Cheng brothers, and that it shouldn't be dismissed as quickly as Huang dismisses it. Second, I argue that joy cannot be the direct (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. added 2019-04-22
    Self-Love, Egoism and the Selfish Hypothesis: Key Debates From Eighteenth-Century British Moral Philosophy.Christian Maurer - 2019 - Edinburgh, Vereinigtes Königreich: Edinburgh University Press.
  17. added 2019-01-08
    Alokacyjne konsekwencje wprowadzenia prywatnych dodatkowych/równoległych ubezpieczeń zdrowotnych w społeczeństwach kierujących się egoizmem, altruizmem lub zawiścią – perspektywa ekonomiczna.Christoph Sowada - 2017 - Diametros 51:90-112.
    Assessing the implementation of various instruments and solutions in a healthcare system, we cannot limit ourselves to examining their impact on the fulfillment of the criteria of justice and equity alone. Another important social objective is to maximize social welfare under the conditions of the scarcity of resources. The aim of the article is to analyze the impact on social welfare of the implementation of private insurance into the existing system of public security, with a view to the following factors: (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. added 2018-10-24
    Review of Review of Leland Yeager, Ethics as Social Science. [REVIEW]Roderick Long - 2003 - Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 6:89-98.
    Like feuding relatives at a family barbecue, economists and moral philosophers often like to pretend they have nothing to do with each other. Economists pose as value-neutral scientists who have no need for airy-fairy moral theory; yet they regularly dispense the sorts of prescription and advice that cry out for ethical analysis. Philosophers likewise view themselves as having loftier concerns than vulgar economics; but by conducting their ethical and political theorizing in ignorance of economic principles, they are unable to avoid (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. added 2018-10-23
    The Nathaniel Branden Annotated Bibliography. Bissell, Cox, Campbell, Long & Sciabarra - 2016 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 16 (1-2):260.
  20. added 2018-10-23
    Introduction to Ayn Rand’s Anthem.Roderick Long - 2012 - In Ayn Rand's Anthem.
  21. added 2018-10-23
    Review of Jennifer Burns, Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right. [REVIEW]Roderick Long - 2011 - The Independent Review 15:615-619.
  22. added 2018-10-23
    Ayn Rand.Roderick Long & Neera K. Badhwar - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  23. added 2018-10-23
    The Classical Roots of Radical Individualism.Roderick T. Long - 2007 - Social Philosophy and Policy 24 (2):262-297.
    While the classical Greco-Roman tradition is not ordinarily thought of as associated with radical individualism, many of the central concerns of such radical individualists as Frédéric Bastiat, Herbert Spencer, Benjamin Tucker, Ludwig von Mises, F. A. Hayek, and Ayn Rand—including their views on human sociality, spontaneous order, and the relation between self-interest and non-instrumental concern for others—are shown to be inheritances from and developments of Platonic, Aristotelian, Epicurean, and Stoic ideas. Hence those working in the classical tradition have reason to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. added 2018-10-23
    Ayn Rand and Indian Philosophy.Roderick Long - 2006 - In Tibor Machan (ed.), Ayn Rand at 100. Delhi, India:
  25. added 2018-10-23
    Reason and Value: Aristotle Versus Rand.Roderick Long - 2000 - Poughkeepsie, NY, USA: Objectivist Center.
  26. added 2018-09-04
    The Bright Lights on Self Identity and Positive Reciprocity: Spinoza’s Ethics of the Other Focusing on Competency, Sustainability and the Divine Love.Ignace Haaz - 2018 - Journal of Dharma 43 (3):261-284.
    The claim of this paper is to present Spinoza’s view on self-esteem and positive reciprocity, which replaces the human being in a monistic psycho-dynamical affective framework, instead of a dualistic pedestal above nature. Without naturalising the human being in an eliminative materialistic view as many recent neuro-scientific conceptions of the mind do, Spinoza finds an important entry point in a panpsychist and holistic perspective, presenting the complexity of the human being, which is not reducible to the psycho-physiological conditions of life. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. added 2018-06-20
    Ayn Rand's Objectivist Ethics as the Foundation for Business Ethics.Jerry Kirkpatrick - 1992 - In Robert W. Mcgee (ed.), Business Ethics and Common Sense. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger. pp. 67-88.
    The purpose of this paper is to present the essence of Ayn Rand's theory of rational egoism and to indicate how it is the only ethical theory that can provide a foundation for ethics in business. Justice, however, cannot be done to the breadth and depth of Rand's theory in so short a space as this article; consequently, I have provided the reader with a large number of references for further study. At minimum, Ayn Rand's theory, because of its originality (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28. added 2018-06-01
    How Should One Live? An Introduction to Ethics and Moral Reasoning.Bradley Thames - 2018 - San Diego, CA, USA: Bridgepoint Education.
    This book provides an entry-level introduction to philosophical ethics, theories of moral reasoning, and selected issues in applied ethics. Chapter 1 describes the importance of philosophical approaches to ethical issues, the general dialectical form of moral reasoning, and the broad landscape of moral philosophy. Chapter 2 presents egoism and relativism as challenges to the presumed objectivity and unconditionality of morality. Chapters 3, 4 and 5 discuss utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics, respectively. Each chapter begins with a general overview of the (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. added 2018-01-12
    Eliminating Prudential Reasons.Alex Worsnip - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics 8:236-257.
    I argue, contrary to the consensus of most contemporary work in ethics, that there are no (fundamentally, distinctively) prudential reasons for action. That is to say: there is no class of reasons for action that is distinctively and fundamentally about the promotion of the agent’s own well-being. Considerations to do with the agent’s well-being can supply the agent with reasons only in virtue of her well-being mattering morally or in virtue of her caring about her own well-being. In both of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  30. added 2017-02-16
    Kant and Rand on Rationality and Reality.Dana Andreicut - 2014 - Philosophy Now 101:25-27.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. added 2017-02-15
    A Critique of Ayn Rand's Philosophy of Religion: The Gospel According to John Galt.Dustin J. Byrd - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This book critiques Ayn Rand’s secular philosophy of religion while simultaneously highlighting the fundamental contradiction of the Tea Party movement’s dual basis, that is, Randian economics and conservative Christianity.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. added 2017-02-15
    Rand and Philosophy.Douglas Rasmussen - 1998 - Reason Papers 23:72-74.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. added 2017-02-15
    Ayn Rand's Contribution to Philosophy.Neera Badhwar - 1998 - Reason Papers 23:75-78.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. added 2017-02-15
    Ayn Rand's Philosophical Significance.John Hospers - 1998 - Reason Papers 23:92-95.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. added 2017-02-15
    With Charity Toward None: An Analysis of Ayn Rand's Philosophy. [REVIEW]F. H. - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (3):562-563.
    The author attempts a dispassionate philosophical evaluation of Ayn Rand's "objectivist" philosophy. Although Professor O'Neill's evaluation is generally negative, he takes great pains to be fair and accurate. For example, there are more than eight hundred footnote references to objectivist literature. The book is divided into two unequal parts. The first and shorter part presents a summary of the cardinal doctrines of objectivism, under three thematic headings: knowing and the knower; personal value and the nature of man; the ethics of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. added 2017-02-15
    With Charity Toward None: An Analysis of Ayn Rand's Philosophy.William F. O'neill - 1971 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37. added 2017-02-14
    Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical.Chris Matthew Sciabarra - 2013 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Author of _The Fountainhead_ and _Atlas Shrugged_, Ayn Rand is one of the most widely read philosophers of the twentieth century. Yet, despite the sale of over thirty million copies of her works, there have been few serious scholarly examinations of her thought. _Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical_ provides a comprehensive analysis of the intellectual roots and philosophy of this controversial thinker. It has been nearly twenty years since the original publication of Chris Sciabarra’s _Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical_. Those (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  38. added 2017-02-14
    Rand and Choice.Tibor R. Machan - 2006 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 7 (2).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39. added 2017-02-14
    Did Ayn Rand Do the Shuffle?Frank Bubb - 2006 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 7 (2).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40. added 2017-02-14
    Fancy Meeting Rand Here.Robert M. Price - 2003 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 5 (1):215-218.
    ROBERT M. PRICE replies to Sciabarra's criticism that Carol Selby Price and Robert Price's Mystic Rhythms erroneously classifies Rush lyricist Neil Peart as "conservative." "Conservative" may imply limitation of individual freedom by the government—or by organized religion. Peart leans more toward a non-religious libertarianism and Rand's Objectivism, which may be considered "conservative" in the same narrow sense. Ironically, Randian thinkers share with religion the use of the Hero Myth archetype. Price focuses on recent Rand-type comic book superheroes, including Steve Ditko's (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41. added 2017-02-14
    Saying Yes to Rand and Rock.Peter Saint-Andre - 2003 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 5 (1):219-223.
    PETER SAINT-ANDRE explores the personal meaning of progressive rock music and Rand's fiction as both consistent with a world-view that values "joy and reason and meaning." This exploration leads him to ask whether Rand's novels and philosophical project are progressive, and to urge further cross-pollination between libertarian and progressive thinking and action in politics and the arts.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. added 2017-02-14
    Ayn Rand and The Music of Rush: Rhapsodic Reflections.Bill Martin - 2003 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 5 (1):189-213.
    BILL MARTIN replies to Sciabarra's essay on Rand, Rush, and progressive rock with critical reflections from a Marxist perspective. Focusing on the film version of The Fountainhead, which shares much in common with film noir and Socialist Realism, Martin rejects as reification Rand's emphasis on property as the defining feature of human life. Her dismissal of rock music has overtones of racism and Eurocentrism. The rock band Rush may have drawn inspiration from Howard Roark, but two other real-life role models (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. added 2017-02-14
    Nabokov and Rand: Kindred Ideological Spirits, Divergent Literary Aims.Gene H. Bell-Villada - 2001 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 3 (1).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. added 2017-02-14
    Rethinking Rand and Kant.R. Kevin Hill - 2001 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 3 (1).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  45. added 2017-02-12
    Mises and Rothbard Letters to Ayn Rand.Mrs Ayn Rand - 2007 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 21 (4):11-16.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. added 2017-02-12
    Godless Capitalism: Ayn Rand and the Conservative Movement.Jennifer Burns - 2004 - Modern Intellectual History 1 (3):359-385.
    This essay examines the relationship between the novelist/philosopher Ayn Rand (TheFountainhead,AtlasShrugged) and the broader conservative movement in the twentieth-century United States. Although Rand was often dismissed as a lightweight popularizer, her works of radical individualism advanced bold arguments about the moral status of capitalism, and thus touched upon a core issue of conservative identity. Because Rand represented such a forthright pro-capitalist position, her career highlights the shifting fortunes of capitalism on the right. In the 1940s, she was an inspiration to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47. added 2017-02-11
    Ayn Rand, Religion, and Libertarianism.Walter E. Block - 2011 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 11 (1):63 - 79.
    Ayn Rand most certainly favored liberty, although she renounced the "libertarian" appellation. Yet, in her continuous, contemptuous and shrill attacks on religion, she was denigrating an institution that has made great contributions to freedom. The present essay is an attempt to right the balance; to demonstrate that religion and liberty are not the enemies supposed by Rand.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. added 2017-02-11
    The Six Million Dollar Rand. [REVIEW]Neil Parille - 2011 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 11 (2):237 - 248.
    100 Voices: An Oral History of Ayn Kandis an enjoyable compendium of mostly favorable interviews of those who knew or met Ayn Rand. While it contains many valuable insights about Rand and her life, it fails to achieve its objective in providing a good selection of interviews of those who knew Rand in various "contexts" and "relationships," contrary to what editor Scott McConnell claims. Those who are interested in the movement side of Objectivism, which developed in the 1950s and 1960s, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. added 2017-02-11
    Plato, Aristotle, Rand, and Sexuality. [REVIEW]Fred Seddon - 2008 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 10 (1):207 - 217.
    This essay offers a critical review of Robert Mayhew's translation oí Plato: I aws 10, Chris Matthew Sciabarra's monograph, Ayn Rand, Homosexuality, and Human I iberation, and Roderick T. Long's monograph, Reason and Value: Aristotle versus Rand. Seddon finds especially questionable Long's treatment of Plato.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. added 2017-02-11
    Ayn Rand, Novelist. [REVIEW]Peter Saint-Andre - 2007 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 9 (1):175 - 179.
    This review provides a precis of The Literary Art of Ayn Rand, edited by William Thomas, a recent volume of essays that delve into the often-neglected literary aspects of Rand's major novels. After summarizing work on Rand's style, characterization, plots, and themes, the reviewer also raises issues that remain to be explored regarding Rand's imaginative writing.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 272