About this topic
Summary Moral norms are intimately connected to how we, as moral agents, think, feel, and behave. As the interdisciplinary study of the mind, cognitive science is well suited to address such issues as they relate to ethical theory. Fruitful areas of inquiry include, for example: the nature of happiness, character, personality, emotions, and choice; the kinds of processes in the brain that generate our moral intuitions (e.g. affective versus cognitive); the evolutionary origins of our moral capacities (e.g. moral emotions, intuitions, and motivation); cross-cultural differences in moral norms; and so on. 
Key works Collections of key works in cognitive science generally include Nadelhoffer et al 2010 (both historical and contemporary articles) and Sinnott-Armstrong 2008 (a comprehensive state of the art with multiple volumes full of new articles and replies from prominent philosophers and scientists). On some more specific topics: Sober & Wilson 1998 (evolution of altruism), Joyce 2005 (evolution of morality), Doris 2002 (skepticism about character), Haidt 2001 (moral cogniiton), Mikhail 2011 (moral cognition), Greene 2013 (neuroethics), Bloom 2013 (moral development).
Introductions Doris 2010 provides an excellent collection of original articles for a handbook. Doris & Stich 2008 and May 2017 are overviews of empirical work in moral psychology, while more specific topics are covered in Andreou 2007 (ethics and psychology), Levy 2009 (neuroethics), May 2014 (moral cognition).
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  1. Moral Foundations Are Not Moral Propositions.Dan Haas - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42 (154).
    Joshua May responds to skepticism about moral knowledge via appeal to empirical work on moral foundations. I demonstrate that the moral foundations literature is not able to do the work May needs. It demonstrates shared moral cognition, not shared moral judgment, and therefore, May's attempt to defeat general skepticism fails.
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  2. Era posverdad: Comunicación, política y filosofía.David Villena Saldaña - 2019 - Psicopraxia 1 (1):17-26.
    According to the Oxford dictionaries, the term ‘post-truth’ is the word of the year 2016. This title was granted to ‘post-truth’ because of its virtual omnipresence in the reviews and assessments of several political events that took place during that year. The present essay shows how post-truth politicians try to connect with people, and offers a reflection on the philosophical implications of this new attitude towards truth and empirical evidence.
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  3. Moral Worth and Consciousness: In Defense of a Value-Secured Reliability Theory.John W. Robison - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    What minimal role—if any—must consciousness of morally significant information play in an account of moral worth? According to one popular view, a right action is morally worthy only if the agent is conscious (in some sense) of the facts that make it right. I argue against this consciousness condition and close cousins of it. As I show, consciousness of such facts requires much more sophistication than writers typically suggest—this condition would bar from moral worth most ordinary, intuitively morally worthy agents. (...)
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  4. Review of Hanno Sauer, Moral Thinking, Fast and Slow. [REVIEW]Brendan de Kenessey - 2019 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2019.
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  5. Empirical Research on Folk Moral Objectivism.Thomas Pölzler & Jennifer Cole Wright - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (5).
    Lay persons may have intuitions about morality's objectivity. What do these intuitions look like? And what are their causes and consequences? In recent years, an increasing number of scholars have begun to investigate these questions empirically. This article presents and assesses the resulting area of research as well as its potential philosophical implications. First, we introduce the methods of empirical research on folk moral objectivism. Second, we provide an overview of the findings that have so far been made. Third, we (...)
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  6. Deliberation and Automaticity in Habitual Acts.Christos Douskos - 2018 - Ethics in Progress 9 (1):25-43.
    Most philosophers and psychologists assume that habitual acts do not ensue from deliberation, but are direct responses to the circumstances: habit essentially involves a variety of automaticity. My objective in this paper is to show that this view is unduly restrictive. A habit can explain an act in various ways. Pointing to the operation of automaticity is only one of them. I draw attention to the fact that acquired automaticity is one outgrowth of habituation that is relevant to explanation, but (...)
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  7. Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume’s Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW]Andrew Cunningham - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (1):140-140.
    The main line of argument in Bricke’s stimulating and well-written interpretation of Hume’s moral theory runs roughly as follows: Hume holds that, in practical reasoning, beliefs are subordinate to desires, and is therefore a “conativist” ; we must attribute to Hume the view that both desires and beliefs have representational content, so that they are essentially distinguished by their opposite “directions of fit”—otherwise we cannot forestall the cognitivist from simply insisting that intrinsically motivating beliefs are possible; moral sentiments are motivating (...)
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  8. Is the Folk Concept of Luck Normative?Mario Attie-Picker - 2019 - Synthese:1-35.
    Contemporary accounts of luck, though differing in pretty much everything, all agree that the concept of luck is descriptive as opposed to normative. This widespread agreement forms part of the framework in which debates in ethics and epistemology, where the concept of luck plays a central role, are carried out. The hypothesis put forward in the present paper is that luck attributions are sensitive to normative considerations. I report five experiments suggesting that luck attributions are influenced by the normative features (...)
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  9. Atheism and Agatheism in the Global Ethical Discourse: Reply to Millican and Thornhill-Miller.Janusz Salamon - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4):197– 245.
    Peter Millican and Branden Thornhill-Miller have recently argued that contradictions between different religious belief systems, in conjunction with the host of defeaters based on empirical research concerning alleged sources of evidence for ‘perceived supernatural agency’, render all ‘first-order’, that is actual, religious traditions positively irrational, and a source of discord on a global scale. However, since the authors recognise that the ‘secularisation thesis’ appears to be incorrect, and that empirical research provides evidence that religious belief also has beneficial individual and (...)
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  10. Negligence: Its Moral Significance.Santiago Amaya - forthcoming - In Manuel Vargas & John M. Doris (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology.
    This is a draft of my chapter on Negligence for the forthcoming Oxford Handbook in Moral Psychology. It discusses philosophical, psychological, and legal approaches to the attribution of culpability in cases of negligent wrongdoing.
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  11. Cognición Moral.Santiago Amaya - forthcoming - In Introducción a la filosofía de las ciencias cognitiva.
    Este artículo está escrito para una colección de ensayos introductorios sobre filosofía de las ciencias cognitivas. Es una revisión (selectiva) de la literatura sobre la psicología del juicio moral.
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  12. Compulsory Moral Bioenhancement Should Be Covert.Parker Crutchfield - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):112-121.
    Some theorists argue that moral bioenhancement ought to be compulsory. I take this argument one step further, arguing that if moral bioenhancement ought to be compulsory, then its administration ought to be covert rather than overt. This is to say that it is morally preferable for compulsory moral bioenhancement to be administered without the recipients knowing that they are receiving the enhancement. My argument for this is that if moral bioenhancement ought to be compulsory, then its administration is a matter (...)
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  13. Une théorie morale peut-elle être cognitivement trop exigeante?Nicolas Delon - 2015 - Implications Philosophiques.
    Starting from the typical case of utilitarianism, I distinguish three ways a moral theory may be deemed (over-)demanding: practical, epistemic, and cognitive. I focus on the latter, whose specific nature has been overlooked. Taking animal ethics as a case study, I argue that knowledge of human cognition is critical to spelling out moral theories (including their implications) that are accessible and acceptable to the greatest number of agents. In a nutshell: knowing more about our cognitive apparatus with a view to (...)
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  14. Book ReviewsMichael Ruse,. Can a Darwinian Be a Christian? The Relationship Between Science and Religion.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Pp. 254. $17.99. [REVIEW]Robert C. Koons - 2004 - Ethics 115 (1):163-166.
  15. Book ReviewsPeter Singer,. A Darwinian Left: Politics, Evolution, and Cooperation. Darwinism Today.New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2000. Pp. Ix+70. $9.95. [REVIEW]Philip Kitcher - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):861-863.
  16. The Tale of a Moderate Normative Skeptic.Brendan Cline - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):141-161.
    While Richard Joyce’s moral skepticism might seem to be an extreme metaethical view, it is actually far more moderate than it might first appear. By articulating four challenges facing his approach to moral skepticism, I argue that Joyce’s moderation is, in fact, a theoretical liability. First, the fact that Joyce is not skeptical about normativity in general makes it possible to develop close approximations to morality, lending support to moderate moral revisionism over moral error theory. Second, Joyce relies on strong, (...)
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  17. Mental Pathology in its Relation to Normal Psychology.I. Madison Bentley - 1908 - Philosophical Review 17 (5):549.
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  18. The Empirical Nature of Behavior Therapies.Anthony Biglan - 1977 - Behavior and Philosophy 5 (1):1.
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  19. Justice: Being Part IV. Of the Principles of Ethics.Herbert Spencer.Josiah Royce - 1891 - International Journal of Ethics 2 (1):117-123.
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  20. Lectures on the Ethics of T. H. Green, Mr. Herbert Spencer, and James MartineauHenry Sidgwick.S. H. Mellone - 1903 - International Journal of Ethics 14 (1):106-115.
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  21. Evolution and Ethics and Other Essays.T. H. Huxley.B. Bosanquet - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (3):390-392.
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  22. Merrington's The Problem of Personality.Savilla Alice Elkus - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (8):221.
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  23. Mind and Morals: Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science.G. F. Schueler - 1997 - Ethics 107 (2):349-351.
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  24. The Perspective of Morality: Philosophical Foundations of Thomistic Virtue Ethics. [REVIEW]Christopher Tollefsen - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (3):674-675.
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  25. Religion and Morality. [REVIEW]G. M. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 28 (2):354-355.
    Religion and Morality seeks to answer two fundamental questions regarding the relation between religion and morality. The first is the puzzle posed by Socrates, the so-called ' Euthyphro dilemma', which asks: is morality valuable by virtue of its intrinsic importance and worth, or is morality valuable because, and only because, God approves it and commands us to follow its dictates? The second question is raised by Kierkegaard in Fear and Trembling . He asks: Is a conflict between religion and morality (...)
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  26. Comments on Tucker’s “Harman Vs. Virtue Theory”.Todd Stewart - 2005 - Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (2):171-174.
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  27. The “Führer”. Hitler’s Personality and Character. [REVIEW]Milan Hauner - 1984 - Philosophy and History 17 (1):71-72.
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  28. Varieties of Moral Personality: Ethics and Psychological Realism. [REVIEW]Conrad G. Brunk - 1993 - International Studies in Philosophy 25 (3):120-121.
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  29. Le Cas Spencer. [REVIEW]Michel Bourdeau - 2000 - Dialogue 39 (1):170-172.
    Exact contemporain de la reine Victoria, Herbert Spencer est assurément un des derniers constructeurs de système. De 1862 à 1893, il n'a eu d'autre but que de mener à bien un vaste projet de philosophie synthétique conçu en 1858 et qui, après avoir posé les principes premiers, devait examiner tour à tour ceux de la biologie, de la psychologie, de la sociologie puis de la morale. Une fois la part faite à un inconnaissable emprunté à Kant, ou à quelques principes (...)
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  30. What Does the Transmitted Image of a Human Face Tell an Observer About Personality Traits?Vladimir Barabanschikov - 2010 - Social Science Information 49 (3):465-488.
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  31. Problems of Personality.J. R. Kantor & A. A. Roback - 1926 - Philosophical Review 35 (4):389.
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  32. The Personality of Mānī, the Founder of ManichaeismThe Personality of Mani, the Founder of Manichaeism.A. V. Williams Jackson - 1938 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 58 (2):235.
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  33. Notes Toward an Empirical Psychology of Virtue.Nancy Snow - 2013 - In Julia Peters (ed.), Aristotelian Ethics in Contemporary Perspective. Routledge. pp. 130.
  34. Notes Toward an Empirical Psychology of Virtue.Nancy Snow - 2013 - In Julia Peters (ed.), Aristotelian Ethics in Contemporary Perspective. Routledge. pp. 130.
  35. Science and Christian Tradition.T. H. Huxley.Bernard Bosanquet - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (2):265-266.
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  36. Evolution and Ethics.Thomas H. Huxley.J. S. Mackenzie - 1893 - International Journal of Ethics 4 (1):126-127.
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  37. The Principles of Ethics.Herbert Spencer.J. S. Mackenzie - 1893 - International Journal of Ethics 4 (1):111-114.
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  38. The Principles of Ethics.Herbert Spencer.J. S. Mackenzie - 1893 - International Journal of Ethics 3 (2):243-246.
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  39. What Piece of Work is Man? Frans de Waal and Pragmatist Naturalism.Sanne Taekema & Wouter de Been - 2013 - Contemporary Pragmatism 10 (1):29-58.
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  40. ‘Ethics of Love' Looking at a Biology of Constructivism - Centering Around Maturana and Varela's Cognitive Biology.Dong-Eui Sin - 2011 - Journal of Ethics 1 (82):127-146.
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  41. The Evolution of Human Nature: The Understanding of Evolutionary Psychology. 류지환 - 2010 - Journal of Ethics 1 (77):163-189.
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  42. Personality Traits by Factorial Analysis.C. A. Gibb - 1942 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 20 (2):86-110.
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  43. Personality Traits by Factorial Analysis.C. A. Gibb - 1942 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 20 (3):203-227.
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  44. The Ontology of Character Traits in Hume.Erin Frykholm - 2012 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 42 (S1):82-97.
    This paper argues that Hume can account for character traits as lasting mental qualities without violating his reductionist account of the mind as a changing bundle of ideas and impressions. It argues that a trait is a disposition to act according to certain passions or motivations, explained entirely with reference to the ideas and impressions constituting one's current self. This account is consistent with Hume's view of the mind, and relies solely on his accounts of the association of impressions and (...)
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  45. An Introduction to Abnormal Psychology.A History of Experimental Psychology.The Foundations of Experimental Psychology.Wm Clark Trow, V. E. Fisher, Edwin G. Boring & Carl Murchison - 1931 - Journal of Philosophy 28 (18):489.
  46. Personality Traits and the Eye of the Beholder: Crossing Some Traditional Philosophical Boundaries in the Search for Consistency in All of the People.Douglas T. Kenrick & David O. Stringfield - 1980 - Psychological Review 87 (1):88-104.
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  47. Predicting More of the People More of the Time: Assessing the Personality of Situations.David J. Bem & David C. Funder - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (6):485-501.
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  48. Psychological Literature: Abnormal.No Authorship Indicated - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (2):187-200.
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  49. Towards an Experimental Measure of Personality.C. W. Churchman & R. L. Ackoff - 1947 - Psychological Review 54 (1):41-51.
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  50. Homeostasis as a Unifying Concept in Personality Theory.Ross Stagner - 1951 - Psychological Review 58 (1):5-17.
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