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  1. added 2020-01-07
    In Memory of Karl-Otto Apel: The Challenges of a Universalistic Ethics of Collective Co-Responsibility.Rene Von Schomberg - 2020 - Topologik : Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Filosofiche, Pedagogiche e Sociali 2 (26):151-162.
    On the basis of Karl-Otto Apels’ diagnosis of the shortcomings of philosophical ethics in general, and any ethics of individual accountability in particular, I give an outline how these shortcoming are currently to be articulated in the context of ecological crisis and socio-technical change. This will be followed with three interpretations of Karl-Otto Apels’ proposal for an ethics of collective coresponsibility. In conclusion, I will advocate that only a further social evolution of the systems of science, economy and law will (...)
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  2. added 2019-12-12
    Scientific Research and Human Rights: A Response to Kitcher on the Limitations of Inquiry.Elizabeth Victor - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):1045-1063.
    In his recent work exploring the role of science in democratic societies Kitcher claims that scientists ought to have a prominent role in setting the agenda for and limits to research. Against the backdrop of the claim that the proper limits of scientific inquiry is John Stuart Mill’s Harm Principle , he identifies the limits of inquiry as the point where the outcomes of research could cause harm to already vulnerable populations. Nonetheless, Kitcher argues against explicit limitations on unscrupulous research (...)
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  3. added 2019-12-11
    A Geneticist's Roadmap to Sanity.Gilbert B. Côté - manuscript
    World news can be discouraging these days. In order to counteract the effects of fake news and corruption, scientists have a duty to present the truth and propose ethical solutions acceptable to the world at large. -/- By starting from scratch, we can lay down the scientific principles underlying our very existence, and reach reasonable conclusions on all major topics including quantum physics, infinity, timelessness, free will, mathematical Platonism, happiness, ethics and religion, all the way to creation and a special (...)
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  4. added 2019-09-04
    The Commercialization of the Biomedical Sciences: (Mis)Understanding Bias.Inmaculada de Melo-Martín - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (3):34.
    The growing commercialization of scientific research has raised important concerns about industry bias. According to some evidence, so-called industry bias can affect the integrity of the science as well as the direction of the research agenda. I argue that conceptualizing industry’s influence in scientific research in terms of bias is unhelpful. Insofar as industry sponsorship negatively affects the integrity of the research, it does so through biasing mechanisms that can affect any research independently of the source of funding. Talk about (...)
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  5. added 2019-06-05
    A Systems-Theoretic Approach to the Problem of the Responsibility of Science.Evandro Agazzi - 1987 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 18 (1-2):30-49.
    Man kann die wissenschaftliche Tätigkeit so betrachten, daß sie von einem "wissenschaftlichen System" ausgeführt wird, welches zugleich offen und adaptiv ist und dessen allgemeines Ziel darin besteht, objektives Wissen zu produzieren und zu verbreiten. WS nimmt aus seiner Umgebung Eingaben von "Nachfrage", "Unterstützung", "Ablehnung" entgegen und reagiert auf kreative Art und Weise darauf. Sein Funktionieren ist bedingt durch die Verträglichkeit seines Ziels mit denjenigen aller andern sozialen Subsysteme, die eine Maximierung der internen Variablen von WS ausschließen mögen, um das gesamte (...)
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  6. added 2019-04-07
    The Ethical Engineer: Contemporary Concepts and Cases. By Robert McGinn. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2018. Pp. X + 340. [REVIEW]Nicholas Danne - 2019 - Metaphilosophy 50 (3):395-399.
    I recommend this book, although it lacks substantive discussion of environmental ethics.
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  7. added 2019-03-05
    Why Neil Levy is Wrong to Endorse No-Platforming.Danny Frederick - manuscript
    Neil Levy defends no-platforming people who espouse dangerous or unacceptable views. I reject his notion of higher-order evidence as authoritarian and dogmatic. I argue that no-platforming frustrates the growth of knowledge.
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  8. added 2018-07-15
    Methodological Naturalism in Metaethics.Daniel Nolan - 2017 - In Tristram McPherson & David Plunkett (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaethics. Routledge. pp. 659-673.
    Methodological naturalism arises as a topic in metaethics in two ways. One is the issue of whether we should be methodological naturalists when doing our moral theorising, and another is whether we should take a naturalistic approach to metaethics itself. Interestingly, these can come apart, and some naturalist programs in metaethics justify a non-scientific approach to our moral theorising. This paper discusses the range of approaches that fall under the general umbrella of methodological naturalism, and how naturalists view the role (...)
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  9. added 2018-06-03
    The Transhumanist Philosophy of Charles Sanders Peirce.Aaron Wilson & Daniel Brunson - 2017 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 27 (2):12-29.
    We explain how the work of Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) – the founder of semiotics and of the pragmatist tradition in philosophy – contributes an epistemological, metaphysical, and ethical foundation to some key transhumanist ideas, including the following claims: technological cognitive enhancement is not only possible but a present reality; pursuing more sweeping cognitive enhancements is epistemically rational; and current humans should try to evolve themselves into posthumans. On Peirce’s view, the fundamental aim of inquiry is truth, understood in terms (...)
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  10. added 2018-02-17
    Social Epistemology and the Ethics of Research.David Resnik - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (4):565-586.
  11. added 2018-02-16
    A Very Bad Wizard: Morality Behind the Curtain.Tamler Sommers - 2009 - Routledge.
    In the first edition of A Very Bad Wizard: Morality Behind the Curtain – Nine Conversations, philosopher Tamler Sommers talked with an interdisciplinary group of the world’s leading researchers—from the fields of social psychology, moral philosophy, cognitive science, and primatology—all working on the same issue: the origins and workings of morality. Together, these nine interviews pulled back some of the curtain, not only on our moral lives but—through Sommers’ probing, entertaining, and well informed questions—on the way morality traditionally has been (...)
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  12. added 2017-04-20
    Demonstrating “Reasonable Fear” at Trial: Is It Science or Junk Science?Stacy Lee Burns - 2008 - Human Studies 31 (2):107-131.
    This paper explores how scientific knowledge is used in a criminal case. I examine materials from an admissibility hearing in a murder trial and discuss the dynamics of contesting expert scientific opinion and evidence. The research finds that a purported form of "science" in the relevant scientific community is filtered through, tested by, and subjected to legal standards, conceptions, and procedures for determining admissibility. The paper details how the opposing lawyers, the expert witness, and the judge vie to contingently work (...)
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  13. added 2016-12-08
    Coloquio Sobre El Problema Etico Del Cientifico. [REVIEW]K. B. L. - 1959 - Review of Metaphysics 12 (3):486-486.
    In a refreshingly direct paper and two critical replies, these writers try to work out a practicable criterion for the ethical judgments pressed upon scientists by the far-reaching effects of their work.--L. K. B.
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  14. added 2016-12-05
    A Tale of Two Studies: Ethics, Bioterrorism, and the Censorship of Science.Michael J. Selgelid - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (3):35-43.
    : Some scientific research should not be published. The risks to national security and public health override the social benefits of disseminating scientific results openly. Unfortunately, scientists themselves are not in a position to know which studies to withhold from public view, as the National Research Council has proposed. Yet neither can government alone be trusted to balance the competing interests at stake.
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  15. added 2016-11-18
    Explaining Away Responsibility: Effects of Scientific Explanation on Perceived Culpability.John Monterosso, Edward B. Royzman & Barry Schwartz - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (2):139 – 158.
    College students and suburban residents completed questionnaires designed to examine the tendency of scientific explanations of undesirable behaviors to mitigate perceived culpability. In vignettes relating behaviors to an explanatory antecedent, we manipulated the uniformity of the behavior given the antecedent, the responsiveness of the behavior to deterrence, and the explanatory antecedent-type offered- physiological (e.g., a chemical imbalance) or experiential (e.g., abusive parents). Physiological explanations had a greater tendency to exonerate actors than did experiential explanations. The effects of uniformity and deterrence (...)
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  16. added 2016-10-31
    Scientific Ethics.William Ralph Inge - 1927 - London.
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  17. added 2016-10-24
    That’s Not Science! The Role of Moral Philosophy in the Science/Non-Science Divide.Bjørn Hofmann - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (3):243-256.
    The science/non-science distinction has become increasingly blurred. This paper investigates whether recent cases of fraud in science can shed light on the distinction. First, it investigates whether there is an absolute distinction between science and non-science with respect to fraud, and in particular with regards to manipulation and fabrication of data. Finding that it is very hard to make such a distinction leads to the second step: scrutinizing whether there is a normative distinction between science and non-science. This is done (...)
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  18. added 2016-10-05
    Some Grounds for a Moral Criticism of Science.Joseph L. Esposito - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):47-54.
    It is argued that the ethical neutrality of science could be undermined in one or more of the following ways: by the discernment of a tychistic factor in nature, By incorrigible observer-Introduced indeterminacy, By the discovery of neurophysiological limits to knowing, Or by the discovery of an unacceptable neurophysiological cost of learning. At this point science would have to confront the moral choice either to maintain or reject certain classical assumptions upon which its self-Identity currently rests.
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  19. added 2016-09-18
    Leading with Ethics, Aiming for Policy: New Opportunities for Philosophy of Science.Nancy Tuana - 2010 - Synthese 177 (3):471 - 492.
    The goal of this paper is to articulate and advocate for an enhanced role for philosophers of science in the domain of science policy as well as within the science curriculum. I argue that philosophy of science as a field can learn from the successes as well as the mistakes of bioethics and begin to develop a new model that includes robust contributions to the science classroom, research collaborations with scientists, and a role for public philosophy through involvement in science (...)
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  20. added 2016-09-07
    Buying Time – Using Nanotechnologies and Other Emerging Technologies For A Sustainable Future.Thomas Vogt - 2010 - In Ulrich Fiedeler, Christopher Coenen, Sarah E. Davies & Arianna Ferrari (eds.), Understanding Nanotechnology. AKA Verlag. pp. 43-60.
    Abstract: Science and emerging technologies should not be predominantly tasked with furnishing us with more sustainable societies. Continuous short-term technological bail outs without taking into account the longer socio-cultural incubation times required to transition to ‘weakly sustainable’ economies squander valuable resources and time. Emerging technologies need to be deployed strategically to buy time in order to have extended political, social and ethical discussions about the root-causes of unsustainable economies and minimize social disruptions on the path towards global sustainability. Keywords: Nanoscience; (...)
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  21. added 2016-08-11
    Philosophy and its Reinterpretation: A Quintessential Humanistic Doctrine.Marian Hillar - 2009 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 17 (1):71-90.
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  22. added 2016-01-02
    The Information Age Needs Knowledge and Morality.Ruel F. Pepa - manuscript
    In situations of information overload, where cases of garbage-in-garbage-out are commonplace, it is necessary to sort out important and appropriate data for one’s specific purposes. A deluge of seemingly interrelated or interconnected data may lead us from one analytic moment to another without consideration for the credibility of our sources. Since people generally tend to be on one side of an issue rather than the other, information exploration and gathering can become a quantitative rather than qualitative exercise, as we are (...)
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  23. added 2015-08-26
    Toward Modeling and Automating Ethical Decision Making: Design, Implementation, Limitations, and Responsibilities.Gregory S. Reed & Nicholaos Jones - 2013 - Topoi 32 (2):237-250.
    One recent priority of the U.S. government is developing autonomous robotic systems. The U.S. Army has funded research to design a metric of evil to support military commanders with ethical decision-making and, in the future, allow robotic military systems to make autonomous ethical judgments. We use this particular project as a case study for efforts that seek to frame morality in quantitative terms. We report preliminary results from this research, describing the assumptions and limitations of a program that assesses the (...)
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  24. added 2015-05-22
    L’impartialité engagée : objectivité scientifique et engagement moral.Donato Bergandi - 2013 - In Byk (ed.), Les scientifiques doivent-ils être responsables ? Fondements, enjeux et évolution normative. Les Études Hospitalières. pp. 137-154.
    L’humanité est devenue facteur d’évolution au niveau planétaire. En complexifiant toujours plus les modalités de ses relations avec l’environnement, elle pense trouver dans la science l’outil principal de son développement et en définitive de sa survie. La science, en effet, est un système d’acquisition de connaissances qui génère une interprétation systématique et rationnelle du monde naturel ethumain, jamais définitive et en renouvellement continu. En tant qu’explication rationnelle des phénomènes naturels et sociaux, elle nous permet de raffiner sans cesse la compréhension (...)
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  25. added 2014-03-27
    Debating Science: Deliberation, Values, and the Common Good.Dane Scott & Blake Francis (eds.) - 2011 - Prometheus Books.
  26. added 2014-03-17
    Etica Della Scienza Pura: Un Percorso Storico E Critico.Riccardo Campa - 2007 - Sestante.
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  27. added 2014-03-17
    Ciência E Ética: Os Grandes Desafios.Clarice Alho & Ricardo Timm de Souza (eds.) - 2006 - Edipucrs.
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  28. added 2014-03-17
    Ethical Problems in the Rapid Advancement of Science.Mariusz M. Żydowo (ed.) - 2005 - Polish Academy of Sciences.
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  29. added 2014-03-17
    Ke Ji Li Xing de Jia Zhi Shen Shi =.Fen Chen - 2004 - Beijingzhongguo She Hui Ke Xue Chu Ban She.
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  30. added 2014-03-16
    Xian Dai Ke Ji Lun Li Xue =.Xuechuan Wang - 2009 - Qing Hua da Xue Chu Ban She.
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  31. added 2014-03-04
    Legal Responsibility Adjudication and the Normative Authority of the Mind Sciences.Nicole A. Vincent - 2011 - Philosophical Explorations 14 (3):315-331.
    In the field of ?neurolaw?, reformists claim that recent scientific discoveries from the mind sciences have serious ramifications for how legal responsibility should be adjudicated, but conservatives deny that this is so. In contrast, I criticise both of these polar opposite positions by arguing that although scientific findings can have often-weighty normative significance, they lack the normative authority with which reformists often imbue them. After explaining why conservatives and reformists are both wrong, I then offer my own moderate suggestions about (...)
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  32. added 2013-10-08
    The Conflict Between Science and Ethics.Bernard Baumrin - 1991 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):31-34.
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  33. added 2013-06-28
    How Frequently Do Allegations of Scientific Misconduct Occur in Ecology and Evolution, and What Happens Afterwards?Gregorio Moreno-Rueda - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):93-96.
    Scientific misconduct obstructs the advance of knowledge in science. Its impact in some disciplines is still poorly known, as is the frequency in which it is detected. Here, I examine how frequently editors of ecology and evolution journals detect scientist misconduct. On average, editors managed 0.114 allegations of misconduct per year. Editors considered 6 of 14 allegations (42.9%) to be true, but only in 2 cases were the authors declared guilty, the remaining being dropped for lack of proof. The annual (...)
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  34. added 2012-04-23
    Ideals of Science in the Humanities and Their Ethical and Political Implications.Aant Elzinga & Sven Andersson - 1988 - Social Epistemology 2 (1):67 – 77.
  35. added 2010-09-21
    Asia - Pacific Perspectives on Ethics of Science and Technology.Darryl R. J. Macer (ed.) - 2008 - UNESCO Bangkok.
    This collection of papers were originally presented during conferences on ethics in science and technology that UNESCO’s Regional Unit for Social and Human Sciences (RUSHSAP) has been convening since 2005. Since intercultural communication and information-sharing are essential components of these deliberations, the books also provide theme-related discourse from the conferences.
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  36. added 2008-12-31
    The Science of Morality: The Individual, Community, and Future Generations.Joseph L. Daleiden - 1998 - Prometheus Books.
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  37. added 2008-12-31
    Scientists and Their Responsibility.William R. Shea & Beat Sitter-Liver (eds.) - 1989 - Watson Pub. International.
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  38. added 2008-12-31
    Beyondism: Religion From Science.Raymond B. Cattell - 1987 - Praeger.
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  39. added 2008-12-31
    Man, Science, Humanism: A New Synthesis.Ivan Timofeevich Frolov - 1986 - Prometheus Books.
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  40. added 2008-12-31
    Science and Ethics: Papers Presented at a Symposium Held Under the Aegis of the Australian Academy of Science, University of New South Wales, November 7, 1980.D. R. Oldroyd (ed.) - 1982 - New South Wales University Press.
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  41. added 2008-12-31
    Science and Ethics.Rudolf Haller (ed.) - 1981 - Humanities Press.
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  42. added 2008-12-31
    Ethics & Science.Henry Margenau - 1979 - R. E. Krieger Pub. Co..
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  43. added 2008-12-31
    The Sensitive Scientist: Report of a British Association Study Group.David Morley - 1978 - Scm Press.
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  44. added 2008-12-31
    The Scientist and Ethical Decision.Charles Hatfield (ed.) - 1973 - Downers Grove, Ill., Intervarsity Press.
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  45. added 2008-12-31
    Ethics for Scientific Researchers.Charles E. Reagan - 1971 - Springfield, Ill., Thomas.
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  46. added 2008-12-31
    The Crazy Ape.Albert Szent-Györgyi - 1970 - New York: Philosophical Library.
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