This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

289 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 289
  1. added 2020-07-29
    A Theory of Evolution as a Process of Unfolding.Agustin Ostachuk - 2020 - Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 16 (1):347-379.
    In this work I propose a theory of evolution as a process of unfolding. This theory is based on four logically concatenated principles. The principle of evolutionary order establishes that the more complex cannot be generated from the simpler. The principle of origin establishes that there must be a maximum complexity that originates the others by logical deduction. Finally, the principle of unfolding and the principle of actualization guarantee the development of the evolutionary process from the simplest to the most (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. added 2020-07-26
    Analyzing the Etiological Origins of Consciousness.Dylan Black - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.
    Scientists disagree about which capacities a functional analysis of consciousness should target. To address this disagreement, I propose that a good functional analysis should target the etiological functions of consciousness. The trouble is that most hypotheses about the etiological origins of consciousness presuppose particular functional analyses. In recent years, however, a small number of scientists have begun to offer evolutionary hypotheses that are relatively theory neutral. I argue that their hypotheses can serve an independent standard for evaluating among theories of (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. added 2020-03-10
    Meeting Report: The 18th Annual Biosemiotics Gathering at the University of California, Berkeley.Yogi Hale Hendlin - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (2):195-196.
  4. added 2020-02-13
    Evolutionary Neurology, Responsive Equilibrium, and the Moral Brain.Grant Gillett & Elizabeth Franz - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 45:245-250.
  5. added 2020-02-07
    Physicalism and the Evolution of Consciousness.Roland Puccetti - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 5 (sup2):171-183.
  6. added 2020-01-20
    Amphioxus Neurocircuits, Enhanced Arousal, and the Origin of Vertebrate Consciousness.Thurston Lacalli - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 62:127-134.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7. added 2020-01-16
    Reflections on Bruce Bridgeman’s Insights Into the Evolution of Consciousness and Cognition.Stanley Klein - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 64:240-248.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. added 2019-12-12
    William James's Objection to Epiphenomenalism.Alexander Klein - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (5):1179–1190.
    James developed an evolutionary objection to epiphenomenalism that is still discussed today. Epiphenomenalists have offered responses that do not grasp its full depth. I thus offer a new reading and assessment of James’s objection. Our life-essential, phenomenal pleasures and pains have three features that suggest that they were shaped by selection, according to James: they are natively patterned, those patterns are systematically linked with antecedent brain states, and the patterns are “universal” among humans. If epiphenomenalism were true, phenomenal patterns could (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. added 2019-10-28
    A Case for Conservatism About Animal Consciousness.Samuel Murray - forthcoming - Journal of Consciousness Studies.
    *Please email me for a copy of the paper if you are interested! -/- Liberal theories of animal consciousness maintain that we should attribute consciousness widely across various species. Conservative theories of animal consciousness maintain that we should not attribute consciousness widely. This paper makes a case for a conservative theory of animal consciousness. The case depends on two defensive moves and one offensive move. The defensive moves indicate that the indistinguishable causal profiles of conscious and non-conscious mental states are (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. added 2019-10-16
    Origins of Self.Steve Brewer - 2014
    “I will show you fear in a handful of dust” (T. S. Eliot: The Wasteland) -/- How can dust and water become a conscious living person capable of fear? The way these elements are transformed into life is sketched out, but it's our conscious minds, our intensity of being in a flood of emotions; this is the big problem that science has so far failed to explain. Freya, a biologist, is dissatisfied with the way evolution has no explanation for her (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. added 2019-10-11
    From Meaningful Information to Representations, Enaction and Cognition (E-CAP08 Montpellier 2008).Christophe Menant - manuscript
    The notions of information, representation and enaction entertain historical and complex relations with cognition. Historical relations because representational structures belong to the central hypothesis of cognitive sciences. Complex relations because cognitive sciences apply the notion of representation to animals, humans and robots, and also because the enactive approach tends to disregard the GOFAI type of representations. In this wide horizon of relations, we propose to look at a systemic approach that could bring up a common denominator for information and representations (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. added 2019-09-26
    The Active Inference Approach to Ecological Perception: General Information Dynamics for Natural and Artificial Embodied Cognition.Adam Linson, Andy Clark, Subramanian Ramamoorthy & Karl Friston - 2018 - Frontiers in Robotics and AI 5 (21):1-22.
    The emerging neurocomputational vision of humans as embodied, ecologically embedded, social agents—who shape and are shaped by their environment—offers a golden opportunity to revisit and revise ideas about the physical and information-theoretic underpinnings of life, mind, and consciousness itself. In particular, the active inference framework makes it possible to bridge connections from computational neuroscience and robotics/AI to ecological psychology and phenomenology, revealing common underpinnings and overcoming key limitations. AIF opposes the mechanistic to the reductive, while staying fully grounded in a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  13. added 2019-06-06
    Evolution of Consciousness: Report on the Agora Workshop in Sigtuna, Sweden, on 11-13 August 2001.Peter Århem, Hans Liljenström & B. I. B. Lindahl - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (4):81-84.
    Report on the Agora Workshop, in Sigtuna, Sweden, on 11-3 August 2001, Agora for Biosystems, P.O. Box 57, SE-193 22 Sigtuna, Sweden.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. added 2019-06-05
    Evolution, Knowledge, and Self‐Consciousness.Anthony O'Hear - 1989 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):127-150.
  15. added 2019-04-08
    The Tommyknockers complex.Andrej Poleev - 2008
    The evolution of human cognitive abilities, despite intensive sociological, psychoanalytic and neurobiological investigations, is poorly understood. The basic events of this evolution: progressive language development, technologization, increased learning aptitude, remain a field of speculations without coherent and consistent explanations. In the recent manuscript, a production of artefacts as a general pre-condition of human being is highlighted, and a key role they played by reshaping of neuro-physiological functions is factually substantiated.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16. added 2019-03-11
    The Meta-Problem and the Transfer of Knowledge Between Theories of Consciousness: A Software Engineer’s Take.Marcel Kvassay - manuscript
    This contribution examines two radically different explanations of our phenomenal intuitions, one reductive and one strongly non-reductive, and identifies two germane ideas that could benefit many other theories of consciousness. Firstly, the ability of sophisticated agent architectures with a purely physical implementation to support certain functional forms of qualia or proto-qualia appears to entail the possibility of machine consciousness with qualia, not only for reductive theories but also for the nonreductive ones that regard consciousness as ubiquitous in Nature. Secondly, analysis (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. added 2018-09-20
    Other Minds. [REVIEW]John Huss - 2018 - Quarterly Review of Biology 93 (2):159.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. added 2018-09-06
    Aap zoekt zin. Waarom wij bewustzijn, vrije wil, cultuur e religie hebben. ISVW, 2014.Pouwel Slurink - 2014 - Leusden, the Netherlands: ISVW.
  19. added 2018-06-30
    Self-Consciousness and Human Evil. Proposal for an Evolutionary Approach (ASSC 22, 2018).Christophe Menant - manuscript
    Theories have been formulated to address the problem of evil [“The concept of Evil”. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy]. We look here at a possible origin of human evil in pre-human times by using an evolutionary scenario for self-consciousness based on identifications with conspecifics [“Proposal for an evolutionary approach to self-consciousness”. Menant 2014]. The key point is that these identifications have also taken place with suffering or endangered conspecifics, thus creating in the minds of our ancestors a huge anxiety increase, a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. added 2018-02-21
    The Evolutionary Argument for Phenomenal Powers.Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2017 - Philosophical Perspectives 31 (1):293-316.
    Epiphenomenalism is the view that phenomenal properties – which characterize what it is like, or how it feels, for a subject to be in conscious states – have no physical effects. One of the earliest arguments against epiphenomenalism is the evolutionary argument (James 1890/1981; Eccles and Popper 1977; Popper 1978), which starts from the following problem: why is pain correlated with stimuli detrimental to survival and reproduction – such as suffocation, hunger and burning? And why is pleasure correlated with stimuli (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  21. added 2018-02-17
    The Natural Problem of Consciousness.Pietro Snider - 2017 - Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter.
    The “Natural Problem of Consciousness” is the problem of understanding why there are presently conscious beings at all. Given a non-reductive naturalist framework taking consciousness as an ontologically subjective biological phenomenon, how can we rationally explain the fact that the actual world has turned out to be one where there are presently living beings that can feel, rather than having developed as a zombie-world in which there would be no conscious experiences of any kind? -/- This book introduces the Natural (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. added 2018-02-17
    The Co-Evolution of Matter and Consciousness.Max Velmans - 2007 - Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):273-282.
    Theories about the evolution of consciousness relate in an intimate way to theories about the distribution of consciousness, which range from the view that only human beings are conscious to the view that all matter is in some sense conscious. Broadly speaking, such theories can be classified into discontinuity theories and continuity theories. Discontinuity theories propose that consciousness emerged only when material forms reached a given stage of evolution, but propose different criteria for the stage at which this occurred. Continuity (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  23. added 2018-02-16
    Evolution and the Human Mind: Modularity, Language and Meta-Cognition.Peter Carruthers & Andrew Chamberlain (eds.) - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    How did our minds evolve? Can evolutionary considerations illuminate the question of the basic architecture of the human mind? These are two of the main questions addressed in Evolution and the Human Mind by a distinguished interdisciplinary team of philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists and archaeologists. The essays focus especially on issues to do with modularity of mind, the evolution and significance of natural language, and the evolution of our capacity for meta-cognition, together with its implications for consciousness. The editors have provided (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  24. added 2017-12-12
    Evolutionary Scenario Linking the Nature of Self-Consciousness to Anxiety Management (Dec 2017).Christophe Menant - manuscript
    Anxiety is a main contributor to human psychological sufferings. Its evolutionary sources are generally related to alert signals for coping with adverse or unexpected situations [Steiner, 2002] or to hunter-gatherer emotions mismatched with today environments [Horwitz & Wakefield, 2012]. We propose here another evolutionary perspective that links human anxiety to an evolutionary nature of self-consciousness. That approach introduces new relations between mental health and human mind. The proposed evolutionary scenario starts with the performance of primate identification with conspecifics [de Waal (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. added 2017-09-25
    Objective Colours and Evolutionary Value: A Reply to Dedrick.Miri Albahari - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (1):99-108.
    RÉSUMÉ: Dans «Objectivism and the Evolutionary Value of Colour Vision», Don Dedrick suggère qu'une conception raffinée de la valeur adaptative en matière de vision des couleurs conduit à une explication non objectiviste de la couleur. Le raffinement, en l'occurrence, consiste à prendre en considération le rôle que jouent les processus perceptuels internes, contraints par les exigences de l'adaptation, dans la répartition des couleurs selon les catégories familières de rouge, violet, bleu, etc. L'objectivisme, par contraste, est présenté par Dedrick comme la (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26. added 2017-08-07
    Mental Evolution: A Review of Daniel Dennett’s From Bacteria to Bach and Back. [REVIEW]Charles Rathkopf - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):1355-1368.
    From Bacteria To Bach and Back is an ambitious book that attempts to integrate a theory about the evolution of the human mind with another theory about the evolution of human culture. It is advertised as a defense of memes, but conceptualizes memes more liberally than has been done before. It is also advertised as a defense of the proposal that natural selection operates on culture, but conceptualizes natural selection as a process in which nearly all interesting parameters are free (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. added 2017-07-14
    A Flaw in the Stich–Plantinga Challenge to Evolutionary Reliabilism.Michael J. Deem - 2018 - Analysis 78 (2):216-225.
    Evolutionary reliabilism is the view that natural selection likely favoured reliable cognitive faculties in humans. While ER enjoys some plausibility, Stephen Stich and Alvin Plantinga have presented well-known challenges to the view. Their arguments rely on a common premiss; namely, that natural selection is indifferent to truth. This article shows that this premiss is both imprecise and too weak to support their conclusions and, therefore, that their challenges to ER fail.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. added 2017-06-16
    Information, Constraint and Meaning. From the Pre-Biotic World to a Possible Post Human One. An Evolutionary Approach (IS4SI 2017).Christophe Menant - manuscript
    The presentation proposes to complement an existing development on meaning generation for animals, humans and artificial agents by looking at what could have existed at pre-biotic times and what could be a post-human meaning generation. The core of the approach is based on an existing model for meaning generation: the Meaning Generator System (MGS). The MGS is part of an agent submitted to an internal constraint. The MGS generates a meaning when it receives an information that has a connection with (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29. added 2017-03-13
    An Interdisciplinary Approach to Brain Evolution: A Long Due Debate.Francisco Aboitiz, Daniver Morales & Juan Montiel - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):572-576.
    A dorsalization mechanism is a good candidate for the evolutionary origin of the isocortex, producing a radial and tangential expansion of the dorsal pallium (and perhaps other structures that acquired a cortical phenotype). Evidence suggests that a large part of the dorsal ventricular ridge (DVR) of reptiles and birds derives from the embryonic ventral pallium, whereas the isocortex possibly derives mostly from the dorsal pallium. In early mammals, the development of olfactory-hippocampal associative networks may have been pivotal in facilitating the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. added 2017-03-13
    The Evolutionary Origin of the Mammalian Isocortex: Towards an Integrated Developmental and Functional Approach.Francisco Aboitiz, Daniver Morales & Juan Montiel - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):535-552.
    The isocortex is a distinctive feature of mammalian brains, which has no clear counterpart in the cerebral hemispheres of other amniotes. This paper speculates on the evolutionary processes giving rise to the isocortex. As a first step, we intend to identify what structure may be ancestral to the isocortex in the reptilian brain. Then, it is necessary to account for the transformations (developmental, connectional, and functional) of this ancestral structure, which resulted in the origin of the isocortex. One long-held perspective (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31. added 2017-02-16
    Creativity as a Biological Evolution Enhancer and its Relationship to Language and Consciousness.Sara Lumbreras Sancho - 2011 - Pensamiento 67 (254):851-857.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. added 2017-02-14
    Sickness and Healing and the Evolutionary Foundations of Mind and Minding.Fabrega Horacio Jr - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):159.
    Disease represents a principal tentacle of natural selection and a staple theme of evolutionary medicine. However, it is through a small portal of entry and a very long lineage that disease as sickness entered behavioural spaces and human consciousness. This has a long evolutionary history. Anyone interested in the origins of medicine and psychiatry as social institution has to start with analysis of how mind and body were conceptualised and played out behaviourally following the pongid/hominin split and thereafter. The early (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. added 2017-02-14
    A/T Evolution and Function of Consciousness—Va Introduction.Stuart R. Hameroff - 1999 - In S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak & David Chalmers (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness Iii: The Third Tucson Discussions and Debates. MIT Press. pp. 3--245.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. added 2017-02-14
    Biological Foundations of Human Evolution and Consciousness.B. R. Seshachar - 1983 - In Kishor Gandhi (ed.), The Evolution of Consciousness. Paragon House. pp. 26--36.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. added 2017-02-10
    Is Current Human Consciousness an End Point in the Evolution of Mind?Mark Pharoah - manuscript
    If the human mind is a product of evolution, is it not prudent to consider how and in what way it might evolve in the future? Given the order of magnitude that appears to distinguish the minds of mankind from those of its closest animal relative, how significant might a new level of mind evolution be and what would be its unique distinguishing features? In this paper, I present a reductive explanation of phenomenal experience and demonstrate its compliance with exhaustive (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. added 2017-02-07
    The Psychology of Art and the Evolution of the Conscious Brain.S. Davies - 2007 - British Journal of Aesthetics 47 (1):97-99.
  37. added 2017-02-07
    Planetary Consciousness: From Vision to Practice.Aleandr Tommasi - 1999 - World Futures 54 (4):287-296.
    (1999). Planetary consciousness: From vision to practice. World Futures: Vol. 54, Challenges of Evolution at Pat I: The Human Factor in Evolution, pp. 287-296.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. added 2017-02-07
    Consciousness Evolution and Planetary Survival: Psychological Roots of Human Violence and Greed.Stanislav Grof - 1996 - World Futures 47 (4):243-262.
  39. added 2017-02-03
    Metamemory as Evidence of Animal Consciousness: The Type That Does the Trick.Nicholas Shea & Cecilia Heyes - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):95-110.
    The question of whether non-human animals are conscious is of fundamental importance. There are already good reasons to think that many are, based on evolutionary continuity and other considerations. However, the hypothesis is notoriously resistant to direct empirical test. Numerous studies have shown behaviour in animals analogous to consciously-produced human behaviour. Fewer probe whether the same mechanisms are in use. One promising line of evidence about consciousness in other animals derives from experiments on metamemory. A study by Hampton (Proc Natl (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  40. added 2017-02-01
    Review of “the Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness” by Antonio Damasio and of “the Evolution of the Emotion-Processing Mind: With an Introduction to Mental Darwinism” by Robert Langs. [REVIEW]P. Zachar - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):181-187.
  41. added 2017-01-29
    The Evolving Mind Buddhism, Biology, and Consciousness.Robin Cooper - 1996
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. added 2017-01-27
    Books Etcetera-the Evolution of Consciousness.Johan J. Bolhuis - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (11):443.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. added 2017-01-26
    Speculations on the City and the Evolution of Consciousness.William Irwin Thompson - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (7):35-42.
    [opening paragraph]: The city is not simply a location in space, but also a vehicle in time that can itself accelerate the evolution of consciousness. Like molecules packed into the membrane of a cell, the minds that are packed into a city take on a new life that is energized by the city's intensification of space and time. The first cities of ancient Sumer were ceremonial centres organized around the sacred precinct of the temple. Sumerian mythology stated that these cities (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44. added 2017-01-25
    The Evolution of Consciousness, by Euan M. Macphail.Johan J. Bolhuis - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (11):446-447.
  45. added 2017-01-24
    The Evolutionary Rationale for Consciousness.Bjørn Grinde - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (3):227-236.
    To answer the question of why we have consciousness, I propose the following evolutionary trajectory leading to this feature: Nervous systems appeared for the purpose of orchestrating behavior. As a rule of thumb the challenges facing an animal concern either approach or avoidance. These two options were originally hard-wired as reflexes. Improvements in adaptability of response came with an expansion of the computational aspect of the system and a concomitant shift from simple reflexes to instinctual behavior, learning, and eventually, feelings. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. added 2017-01-24
    The Evolution Of Consciousness: An Essay Review of Up From Eden (Wilber 1981).Michael Winkelman - 1990 - Anthropology of Consciousness 1 (3-4):24-31.
  47. added 2017-01-21
    Quantum Consciousness: Reconciling Science and Spirituality Toward Our Evolutionary Future(S).Kingsley L. Dennis - 2010 - World Futures 66 (7):511-524.
  48. added 2017-01-21
    Evolutionary Radiation and the Spectrum of Consciousness.Robert G. Wallace & Rodrick Wallace - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):160-167.
    Evolution is littered with polyphyletic parallelism: many roads lead to functional Romes. We propose consciousness embodies one such example, and represent it here with an equivalence class structure that factors the broad realm of necessary conditions information theoretic realizations of Baars’ global workspace model. The construction suggests many different physiological systems can support rapidly shifting, highly tunable, and even simultaneous temporary assemblages of interacting unconscious cognitive modules. The discovery implies various animal taxa exhibiting behaviors we broadly recognize as conscious are, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. added 2017-01-21
    The Role of Beliefs and Values in the Evolution of Planetary Consciousness.Mark Germine - 2001 - World Futures 57 (3):263-277.
  50. added 2017-01-21
    Evolution, Consciousness, and the Internality of Mind.Jim Hopkins - 2000 - In P. Carruthers & A. Chamberlen (eds.), Evolution and the Human Mind: Modularity, Language and Meta-Cognition. Cambridge University Press. pp. 276.
    Understanding the notion of innerness that we ascribe to mental items is central to understanding the problem of consciousness, and we can do so in evolutionary and physical terms.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 289