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1 — 50 / 287
  1. added 2020-03-27
    Power by Association.Travis Lacroix & Cailin O'Connor - manuscript
    We use tools from evolutionary game theory to examine how power might influence the cultural evolution of inequitable norms between discernible groups in a population of otherwise identical individuals. Similar extant models always assume that power is homogeneous across a social group. As such, these models fail to capture situations where individuals who are not themselves disempowered nonetheless end up disadvantaged in bargaining scenarios by dint of their social group membership. Thus, we assume that there is heterogeneity in the groups (...)
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  2. added 2020-03-10
    Meeting Report: The 18th Annual Biosemiotics Gathering at the University of California, Berkeley.Yogi Hale Hendlin - 2019 - Biosemiotics 12 (2):195-196.
  3. added 2020-02-24
    Art Forms Emerging: An Approach to Evaluative Diversity in Art.Mohan Matthen - forthcoming - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism.
    An artwork in one culture and form, say European classical music, cannot be evaluated in the context of another, say Hindustani music. While a person educated in the traditions of European music can rationally evaluate and discuss her response to a string quartet by Beethoven, her response to music in a foreign culture is merely subjective. She might "like" the latter, but her response is merely subjective. In this paper, I discuss the role of artforms: why response can be "objectively" (...)
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  4. added 2020-01-09
    Culture and Transitions in Individuality.Paulo Abrantes - 2011 - In Luiz Dutra & Alexandre Meyer Luz (eds.), Rumos da Epistemologia v. 11. Santa Catarina, Brazil: Núcleo de Epistemologia e Lógica. pp. 395-408.
    Some "major" evolutionary transitions have been described as transitions in individuality. In this depiction, natural selection might bring about new kinds of individuals, whose evolutionary dynamics takes place in a novel way. Using a categorization proposed by Godfrey-Smith, this transition is fully accomplished when a new "paradigmatic" Darwinian population emerges. In this paper I investigate whether at some point in the evolution in the hominin lineage a transition of this kind might have happened, by assuming some of the theses of (...)
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  5. added 2019-11-15
    As a Stable Adaptive Strategy Homo Sapiens, Nbics Technology and Bioethics Became Evolution Mechanism (Anthropological and Biopolitical Essay).Valentin Cheshko - 2019 - Strategia Supraviețuirii Din Perspectiva Bioeticii, Antropologiei, Filosofiei Și Medicinei 25:20-23.
    The subject of the essay is the genesis of the evolutionary strategy of стратегииHomo sapiens(SESH)as a carrier element of the transformation of technology and ethics into the main factors of anthropogenesis and the evolution of complex, self-organizing human-dimension systems.
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  6. added 2019-07-15
    The Theoretical Difficulties of Memetics.Kinga Kowalczyk-Purol - 2018 - Diametros (58):65-86.
    Memetics is a research approach which applies evolutionary ideas and terminology to cultural phenomena. The core idea of memetics is the existence of the units of cultural evolution which are attributed autonomous replicating goals. Of course, such a controversial concept has gained many devoted adherents as well as its determined opponents. The paper discusses the theoretical difficulties of memetics. The first part discusses the analogy of genes and memes. The theme of the second part is the ontology of a cultural (...)
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  7. added 2019-06-14
    Про виявлення пам’яток і зворотні процеси.Sergii Rudenko - 2017 - NaUKMA Research Papers. History and Theory of Culture 191:83-89.
    У статті розглянуто недосліджену в науці проблему виявлення та елімінації пам’яток. Практичний досвід у цій царині є досить багатим, але досі ніким не узагальнений. Мета статті – сформулювати емпіричні правила виявлення пам’яток, які роблять їх стійкими до штучних елімінацій. Основні правила: брати до уваги ефект Лінді, «менше – означає більше», опціональність, збереженість шарів автентичності, природно сформований комплекс; не брати велику кількість одиничних розрізнених пам’яток, не шукати вигоди від виявлення пам’яток. При відборі пам’яток згідно із емпіричними правилами до уваги не беруть (...)
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  8. added 2019-06-14
    Деякі спостереження щодо проблематики дослідження культури і цивілізації.Denys Korol - 2017 - NaUKMA Research Papers. History and Theory of Culture 191:5-12.
    Стаття розглядає категорії «культура» і «цивілізація» у вимірах сучасної гуманітаристики. Автор відмежовує наукові засади власне культурології (culturology) від культурографії сучасних англо-американських «cultural studies». Проведено розрізнення постнекласичної наукової парадигми. Обґрунтовується база для історичної культурології як окремої галузі науки, котра, власне і вивчає історію культури та цивілізації – з позицій не традиційно-історичної, а культурологічної методології пізнання. Автор пропонує власне розуміння співвідношення динаміки вимірів культури і цивілізації крізь призму картини світу (моделей ментальності). Акцентується важливість інформаційного обміну в культурі, його більша роль у цивілізаційному (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    The Mechanism of Cultural Evolution in Nietzsche’s Genealogical Writings.Sven Gellens & Benjamin Biebuyck - 2012 - Philosophy Today 56 (3):309-326.
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    Creating a Cultural Niche for the a-Social?; or, Speculation About How Cultural Factors Might Defeat Altruism: Lavas A Cultural Niche for the a-Social.Mark J. Lovas - 2008 - Think 6 (17-18):59-66.
    Mark Lovas asks to what extent are we all morally blind — and morally wanton? There are other sound reasons to destroy the Social Security system. It is based upon principles that are deeply offensive to the moral values of the political leadership … Social Security is based on the idea that it is a community responsibility to ensure that the disabled widow on the other side of town has food to eat, or that the child across the street should (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    The ‘New Science of Memetics’: The Case for Susan Blackmore: Blackmore for Memetics.Susuan Blackmore - 2003 - Think 2 (5):21-26.
    In this article and the following one, Susan Blackmore and Michael Bradie take contrary positions on the ‘science of memetics’, an approach to explaining human behaviour and culture based on the idea that our minds and cultures are in large part determined by self-replicating gene-like entities called ‘memes’. Memes would seem to allow the application of evolutionary ideas to both biology and culture. Many find that thought exciting and appealing. Others consider it arrogant and scientistic. Who is right?
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    The ‘New Science of Memetics’: The Case Against: Bradie Against Memetics.Michael Bradie - 2003 - Think 2 (5):27-30.
    Michael Bradie does not share Blackmore's enthusiasm for the ‘new science of memetics’.
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    On Signs, Memes and MEMS: Toward Evolutionary Ecosemiotics.Paul Bouissac - 2001 - Sign Systems Studies 29 (2):627-644.
    The first issue raised by this paper is whether semiotics can bring any added value to ecology. A brief examination of the epistemological status of semiotics in its current forms suggests that semiotics' phenomenological macroconcepts are incommensurate with the complexity of the sciences comprising ecology and are too reductive to usefully map the microprocesses through which organisms evolve and interact. However, there are at least two grounds on which interfacing semiotics with ecology may prove to be scientifically productive: the very (...)
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  14. added 2019-06-05
    Genes, Memes and Human History. By Stephen Shennan London: Thames and Hudson, 2002, Pp. 304.Kim Sterelny - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (2):249-257.
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  15. added 2019-04-08
    The Tommyknockers complex.Andrej Poleev - 2008
    The evolution of human cognitive abilities, despite intensive sociological, psychoanalytic and neurobiological investigations, is poorly understood. The basic events of this evolution: progressive language development, technologization, increased learning aptitude, remain a field of speculations without coherent and consistent explanations. In the recent manuscript, a production of artefacts as a general pre-condition of human being is highlighted, and a key role they played by reshaping of neuro-physiological functions is factually substantiated.
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  16. added 2019-03-10
    The Origins of Religion.Ara Norenzayan - 2015 - In David M. Buss (ed.), The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Volume 2: Integrations. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 848-866.
    Bringing insights from the cognitive science of religion and cultural evolution together, this chapter describes a process of coevolution between escalating societal size and complexity on one hand, and devotional practices to increasingly powerful and interventionist deities, credible displays of faith, and rituals and practices that promote ingroup solidarity and intergroup competition and conflict. Cultural traditions with such features spread at the expense of rival ones, giving shape to the world religions of today. A variety of empirical evidence is discussed (...)
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  17. added 2019-03-07
    Causes of Cultural Disparity: Switches, Tuners, and the Cognitive Science of Religion.Andrew Buskell - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (8):1239-1264.
    Cultural disparity—the variation across cultural traits such as knowledge, skill, and belief—is a complex phenomenon, studied by a number of researchers with an expanding empirical toolkit. While there is a growing consensus as to the processes that generate cultural variation and change, general explanatory frameworks require additional tools for identifying, organising, and relating the complex causes that underpin the production of cultural disparity. Here I develop a case study in the cognitive science of religion, and demonstrate how concepts and distinctions (...)
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  18. added 2019-02-28
    Cultural Evolution and Prosociality: Widening the Hypothesis Space.Bryce Huebner & Hagop Sarkissian - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (39):e15.
    Norenzayan and colleagues suggest that Big Gods can be replaced by Big Governments. We examine forms of social and self-monitoring and ritual practice that emerged in Classical China, heterarchical societies like those that emerged in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and the contemporary Zapatista movement of Chiapas, and we recommend widening the hypothesis space to include these alternative forms of social organization.
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  19. added 2019-02-04
    Looking for Middle Ground in Cultural Attraction Theory.Andrew Buskell - 2019 - Evolutionary Anthropology 28 (1):14-17.
    In their article, Thom Scott‐Phillips, Stefaan Blancke, and Christophe Heintz do a commendable job summarizing the position and misunderstandings of “cultural attraction theory” (CAT). However, they do not address a longstanding problem for the CAT framework; that while it has an encompassing theory and some well‐worked out case studies, it lacks tools for generating models or empirical hypotheses of intermediate generality. I suggest that what the authors diagnose as misunderstandings are instead superficial interpretive errors, resulting from researchers who have attempted (...)
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  20. added 2018-11-18
    Power in Cultural Evolution and the Spread of Prosocial Norms.Nathan Cofnas - 2018 - Quarterly Review of Biology 93 (4):297–318.
    According to cultural evolutionary theory in the tradition of Boyd and Richerson, cultural evolution is driven by individuals' learning biases, natural selection, and random forces. Learning biases lead people to preferentially acquire cultural variants with certain contents or in certain contexts. Natural selection favors individuals or groups with fitness-promoting variants. Durham (1991) argued that Boyd and Richerson's approach is based on a "radical individualism" that fails to recognize that cultural variants are often "imposed" on people regardless of their individual decisions. (...)
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  21. added 2018-05-24
    The Double Movement in Polanyi and Hayek: Towards the Continuation of Life.Filipe Nobre Faria - 2018 - Ethics, Politics and Society 1:329-350.
    Karl Polanyi's double movement is a dialectical process characterized by a continuous tension between a movement towards social marketization and a movement towards social protectionism. Notably, Polanyi condemns the former movement while defending the latter. Without using the term " double movement " , F.A Hayek's theory of social evolution acknowledges the same phenomenon but reaches different normative conclusions. While for Polanyi the marketization of society is a utopia with dystopian consequences, Hayek's evolutionary explanation of this dialectical process asserts that (...)
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  22. added 2018-05-23
    Where Did Language Come From? Connecting Sign, Song, and Speech in Hominin Evolution.Anton Killin - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):759-778.
    Recently theorists have developed competing accounts of the origins and nature of protolanguage and the subsequent evolution of language. Debate over these accounts is lively. Participants ask: Is music a direct precursor of language? Were the first languages gestural? Or is language continuous with primate vocalizations, such as the alarm calls of vervets? In this article I survey the leading hypotheses and lines of evidence, favouring a largely gestural conception of protolanguage. However, the “sticking point” of gestural accounts, to use (...)
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  23. added 2018-05-23
    Plio-Pleistocene Foundations of Hominin Musicality: Coevolution of Cognition, Sociality, and Music.Anton Killin - 2017 - Biological Theory 12 (4):222-235.
    Today, music is ubiquitous, highly valued in all known cultures, playing many roles in human daily life. The ethnographic study of the music of extant human foragers makes this quite apparent. Moreover, music is ancient. Sophisticated bird-bone and ivory flutes dated from 40 kya reveal an even earlier musical-technological tradition. So is music likely to be an entrenched feature of human social life during the long passage to behavioral modernity—say, by 150 kya—or earlier? In this article I sketch an evolutionary (...)
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  24. added 2018-03-05
    Making Do Without Selection—Review Essay of “Cultural Evolution: Conceptual Challenges” by Tim Lewens. [REVIEW]Carl Brusse - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (2):307-319.
    Cultural evolution is a growing, interdisciplinary, and disparate field of research. In ‘Cultural evolution: conceptual challenges”, Tim Lewens offers an ambitious analytical survey of this field that aims to clarify and defend its epistemic contributions, and highlight the limitations and risks associated with them. One overarching contention is that a form of population thinking dubbed the ‘kinetic approach’ should be seen as a unifying and justifying principle for cultural evolution, especially when considering the role of formal modelling. This book makes (...)
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  25. added 2018-02-13
    Is Market Liberalism Adaptive? Rethinking F. A. Hayek on Moral Evolution.Filipe Nobre Faria - 2017 - Journal of Bioeconomics 19 (3):307–326.
    Hayek’s social theory of evolution suggests that market liberal morality is adaptive for social groups. He justified the evolutionary superiority of market liberalism by asserting that groups operating under a market liberal morality would have a higher capacity to expand and reproduce than groups with alternative tribal moralities. Thus, market liberal groups would be favoured through cultural and genetic group selection. But in fact, market liberal morality reveals maladaptive tendencies and remains insufficiently powerful to create adaptive social groups. Hayek’s dismissal (...)
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  26. added 2017-10-26
    The Philosophy of Social Evolution.Jonathan Birch - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    From mitochondria to meerkats, the natural world is full of spectacular examples of social behaviour. In the early 1960s W. D. Hamilton changed the way we think about how such behaviour evolves. He introduced three key innovations - now known as Hamilton's rule, kin selection, and inclusive fitness - and his pioneering work kick-started a research program now known as social evolution theory. This is a book about the philosophical foundations and future prospects of that program.
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  27. added 2017-10-12
    Cultural Attractor Theory and Explanation.Andrew Buskell - 2017 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 9 (13).
    Cultural attractor theory (CAT) is a highly visible and audacious approach to studying human cultural evolution. However, the explanatory aims and some central explanatory concepts of CAT remain unclear. Here I remedy these problems. I provide a reconstruction of CAT that recasts it as a theory of forces. I then demonstrate how this reinterpretation of CAT has the resources to generate both cultural distribution and evolvability explanations. I conclude by examining the potential benefits and drawbacks of this reconstruction.
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  28. added 2017-09-28
    Why Some Apes Became Humans, Competition, Consciousness, and Culture.Pouwel Slurink - 2002 - Dissertation, Radboud University
    Chapter 1 (To know in order to survive) & Chapter 2 (A critique of evolved reason) explain human knowledge and its limits from an evolutionary point of view. Chapter 3 (Captured in our Cockpits) explains the evolution of consciousness, using value driven decision theory. Chapter 4-6 (Chapter 4 Sociobiology, Chapter 5 Culture: het Human Arena), Chapter 6, Genes, Memes, and the Environment) show that to understand culture you have at least to deal with 4 levels: genes, brains, the environment, culture. (...)
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  29. added 2017-09-25
    Evolution is Important but It is Not Simple: Defining Cultural Traits and Incorporating Complex Evolutionary Theory.Fuentes Agustin - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):355.
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  30. added 2017-09-25
    Book Review: The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure. [REVIEW]J. McKenzie Alexander - unknown
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  31. added 2017-09-03
    What Are Cultural Attractors?Andrew Buskell - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (3):377-394.
    Concepts from cultural attractor theory are now used in domains far from their original home in anthropology and cultural evolution. Yet these concepts have not been consistently characterised. I here distinguish four ways in which the cultural attractor concept has been used and identify three kinds of factors of attraction typically appealed to. Clarifying these explanatory concepts identifies problems and ambiguities in the work of cultural epidemiologists and commentators alike.
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  32. added 2017-08-07
    Mental Evolution: A Review of Daniel Dennett’s From Bacteria to Bach and Back. [REVIEW]Charles Rathkopf - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):1355-1368.
    From Bacteria To Bach and Back is an ambitious book that attempts to integrate a theory about the evolution of the human mind with another theory about the evolution of human culture. It is advertised as a defense of memes, but conceptualizes memes more liberally than has been done before. It is also advertised as a defense of the proposal that natural selection operates on culture, but conceptualizes natural selection as a process in which nearly all interesting parameters are free (...)
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  33. added 2017-02-15
    Culture: Copying, Compression, and Conventionality.Mónica Tamariz & Simon Kirby - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):171-183.
    Through cultural transmission, repeated learning by new individuals transforms cultural information, which tends to become increasingly compressible . Existing diffusion chain studies include in their design two processes that could be responsible for this tendency: learning and reproducing . This paper manipulates the presence of learning in a simple iterated drawing design experiment. We find that learning seems to be the causal factor behind the increase in compressibility observed in the transmitted information, while reproducing is a source of random heritable (...)
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  34. added 2017-02-15
    Cultural Evolution in More Than Two Dimensions: Distinguishing Social Learning Biases and Identifying Payoff Structures.Alex Mesoudi - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):91-92.
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  35. added 2017-02-15
    Evolutionary Ontology: Reclaiming the Value of Nature by Transforming Culture.Josef Šmajs (ed.) - 2008 - Rodopi.
    This book examines new concept of evolutionary ontology based on the idea of radically different “ontic orders” – natural and cultural being. It explains how culture evolved out of nature and how it became “anti-natural”. The remedy is seen in the global biophilous reconstruction of culture. The value of the “live planet” Earth and the “subject” capable of creative activity and evolution are given fundamental philosophical interpretation.
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  36. added 2017-02-14
    Toward a Darwinian Theory of Cultural Evolution.Niall Shanks - 1999 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 32 (3-4):223-242.
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  37. added 2017-02-13
    On Cognition and Cultural Evolution.Shinji Teraji - 2014 - Mind and Society 13 (2):167-182.
    This paper examines two paths by which F. A. Hayek’s work has influenced the cognitive theory of institutions: cognition and cultural evolution. It argues that there is a relationship between the sensory order and the social order. The explanation of social order begins with the human mind. This is illustrated with ideas relating to understanding culture from a cognitive viewpoint. Human cognition makes cultural evolution an endogenous process. The paper draws on ideas of co-evolution of individuals’ mental models and their (...)
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  38. added 2017-02-13
    Articulating Babel: An Approach to Cultural Evolution.William C. Wimsatt - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):563-571.
    After an initial discussion of the character of interdisciplinary linkages between complex disciplines, I consider an area with confluences of many diverse disciplines—the study of cultural evolution. This must embrace not only the traditional biological sciences, but also the multiple often warring disciplines of the human sciences. This interdisciplinary articulation is in its early stages compared, e.g., to that of evolutionary biology or evolutionary developmental biology, and I try to lay out major axes along which its articulation should plausibly occur, (...)
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  39. added 2017-02-13
    Cognitive Predispositions and Cultural Transmission.Pascal Boyer - 2009 - In Pascal Boyer & James Wertsch (eds.), Memory in Mind and Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 288.
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  40. added 2017-02-13
    The Biological and Cultural Evolution of Mankind.Bruno Estañol - 2004 - Ludus Vitalis 12 (22):141-152.
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  41. added 2017-02-11
    The Evolution of Menstruation: A New Model for Genetic Assimilation.Deena Emera, Roberto Romero & Günter Wagner - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (1):26-35.
  42. added 2017-02-11
    The Social Construction of the Cultural Mind: Imitative Learning as a Mechanism of Human Pedagogy.György Gergely & Gergely Csibra - 2005 - Interaction Studies 6 (3):463-481.
  43. added 2017-02-11
    Remembering What One Knows and the Construction of the Past: A Comparison of Cultural Consensus Theory and Cultural Schema Theory.Linda C. Garro - 2000 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 28 (3):275-319.
  44. added 2017-02-11
    Cultural Evolution and Divergent Rationalities in Human Reasoning.Stefano Occhipinti & Michael Siegal - 1996 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 24 (3):510-526.
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  45. added 2017-02-10
    Bananas of All Things : How Adolf Loos Handled Ornamentation or the Evolution of Culture.Christina Threuther - 2011 - In Wilhelm Lindemann & Joan Clough (eds.), Thinkingjewellery: On the Way Towards a Theory of Jewellery = Schmuckdenken: Unterwegs Zu Einer Theorie des Schmucks. Acc Distribution [Distributor].
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  46. added 2017-02-10
    A Day in the Life of a Meme.Liane Gabora - 1996 - Philosophica 57 (1):53-90.
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  47. added 2017-02-07
    Biological and Cultural Evolution in a Common Universal Trend of Increasing Complexity.Börje Ekstig - 2010 - World Futures 66 (6):435-448.
    In the present article, a depiction of complexity versus time will be used for the construction of a novel form of a tree of life, called The Pattern of Life, comprising the biological, cultural, and scientific forms of the evolutionary process. This diagram accentuates the implication of the successive modifications of developmental programs, in the cultural and scientific realms coupled to a feedback mechanism that is decisive for the accelerating pace of complexity growth, also suggested to be of support of (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-07
    Evolution of Consumers' Preferences Due to Innovation.Rolan Mauludy & Hokky Situngkir - unknown
    The integration process between evolutionary approach and conventional economic analysis is very essential for the next development of economic studies, especially in the fundamental concepts of modern economics: supply and demand analysis. In this presentation, we use the concept of meme to explore evolution of demand. This study offers an evolutionary model of demand, which views utility as a function of the distance between the two types of sequences of memes (memeplex), which represent economic product and consumer preference. It is (...)
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  49. added 2017-02-07
    Biological and Cultural Evolution: Similar but Different.Alex Mesoudi - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (2):119-123.
  50. added 2017-02-07
    Why Modeling Cultural Evolution Is Still Such a Challenge.Dan Sperber & Nicolas Claidière - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):20-22.
1 — 50 / 287