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  1. Will Empathy Save Us?Lonnie W. Aarssen - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (3):211-217.
    Recent prescriptions for rescuing civilization from collapse involve extending our human capacity for empathy to a global scale. This is a worthy goal, but several indications leave grounds for cautious optimism at best. Evolutionary biology interprets non-kin helping behaviors as products of natural selection that rewarded only the transmission success of resident genes within ancestors, not their prospects for building a sustainable civilization for descendants. These descendants however are now us, threatened with ruin on a warming, overcrowded planet—and our evolutionary (...)
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  2. The Role of Off-Line Communication in Human Evolution.Natalia A. Abieva - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (3):295-311.
    The existence of embodied communication in humans places them among other living systems and helps to differentiate sign patterns that are common to all bioforms from those that are peculiarly human. Despite the fact that the biological roots of communication have been proven, the understanding of human forms of discourse is still far from being clarified. The main question remains: when and why did humans acquire the ability to exchange messages via speech? My thesis is that it became possible only (...)
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  3. Towards a Unified Field Theory of Human Behavior.Marcus Abundis - 2009 - Integral World.
    This paper develops a new structural psychology, and therein proposes a specific model for the scientific study of consciousness. The presented model uses Earth's geologic history of mass-extinction & recovery (evolutionary dynamics) in determining humanity’s adaptive response (conscious and non-conscious traits). It argues humanity adaptively mirrors Earth’s basic evolutionary dynamics, in a “mythologizing of natural adversity” as foundation for all human knowledge – a process that continues well into the modern era. The intellectual lineage used to develop this model includes: (...)
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  4. Gene-Culture Coevolution Does Not Replace Standard Evolutionary Theory.Mauro Adenzato - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):146-146.
    Though the target article is not without fertile suggestions, at least two problems limit its overall validity: (1) the extended gene-culture coevolutionary framework is not an alternative to standard evolutionary theory; (2) the proposed model does not explain how much time is necessary for selective pressure to determine the stabilization of a new aspect of the genotype.
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  5. An Evolutionary Perspective.Male Aggression Against Women - 1992 - Human Nature 3:1-44.
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  6. Is Eating Behavior Manipulated by the Gastrointestinal Microbiota? Evolutionary Pressures and Potential Mechanisms.Joe Alcock, Carlo C. Maley & C. Athena Aktipis - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (10):940-949.
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  7. Random Boolean Networks and Evolutionary Game Theory.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1289-1304.
    Recent years have seen increased interest in the question of whether it is possible to provide an evolutionary game-theoretic explanation for certain kinds of social norms. I sketch a proof of a general representation theorem for a large class of evolutionary game-theoretic models played on a social network, in hope that this will contribute to a greater understanding of the long-term evolutionary dynamics of such models, and hence the evolution of social norms.
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  8. Evolution, Human Behavior, and Determinism.Richard D. Alexander - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:3 - 21.
  9. The Person of Evolution. Studies of Instinct as Contributions to a Philosophy of Evolution. [REVIEW]D. Maurice Allan - 1931 - Journal of Philosophy 28 (13):362-363.
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  10. Evolution and Human Behaviour: An Introduction to Darwinian Anthropology.Alex Alland - 2008 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1967. This reprints the second edition of 1973, revised and expanded. Evolution and Human Behaviour considers man’s biological and cultural development within the framework of Darwinian evolution. Rejecting analogue models of biological evolution common in the social sciences, the author shows how the theory of biological evolution applies to the study of contemporary human behaviour.
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  11. Darwinian Sociology Without Social Darwinism?Alexander Alland - forthcoming - Social Research.
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  12. Marxism and Human Sociobiology-Reply.Ge Allen - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (4):453-456.
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  13. Book Reviews-Darwinism and the Linguistic Image: Language, Race and Natural Theology in the Nineteenth Century.Stephen J. Alter & Uwe Hossfeld - 1999 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21 (2):236-236.
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  14. Cooperation, Evolution, and Culture.Michael Alvard - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):153-154.
    Rejecting evolutionary principles is a mistake, because evolutionary processes produced the irrational human minds for which Colman argues. An evolved cultural ability to acquire information socially and infer other's mental states (mind-reading) evokes Stackelberg reasoning. Much of game theory, however, assumes away information transfer and excludes the very solution that natural selection likely created to solve the problem of cooperation.
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  15. The Evolution and Development of Human Cooperation.Federica Amici - 2015 - Interaction Studies 16 (3):383-418.
  16. The Evolution and Development of Human Cooperation.Federica Amici - 2015 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 16 (3):383-418.
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  17. L'anthropologie Politique Et le Matérialisme Décomplexé. Benoît Dubreuil, Human Evolution and the Origins of HierarchiesBenoît Dubreuil, Human Evolution and the Origins of Hierarchies.Dave Anctil - 2012 - Philosophiques 39 (1):251-258.
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  18. Representation, Evolution and Embodiment.Michael L. Anderson - 2005 - Theoria Et Historia Scientarum.
    As part of the ongoing attempt to fully naturalize the concept of human being--and, more specifically, to re-center it around the notion of agency--this essay discusses an approach to defining the content of representations in terms ultimately derived from their central, evolved function of providing guidance for action. This 'guidance theory' of representation is discussed in the context of, and evaluated with respect to, two other biologically inspired theories of representation: Dan Lloyd's dialectical theory of representation and Ruth Millikan's biosemantics.
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  19. Standards of Conduct for Lawyers: An 800-Year Evolution.Carol Andrews - manuscript
    In this article, Professor examine the evolution of modern concepts of proper professional conduct for lawyers. Professor Andrews looks at various forms of legal ethics standards, beginning with medieval European lawyer oaths and continuing to the ABA's most recent statement of standards in the "Ethics 2000 version of the Model Rules of Professional Conduct." She reports that the standards for centuries have reflected six "core duties" of lawyers - litigation fairness, competence, loyalty, confidentiality, reasonable fees, and public service. These six (...)
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  20. Anthropomorphism, Anthropectomy, and the Null Hypothesis.Kristin Andrews & Brian Huss - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):711-729.
    We examine the claim that the methodology of psychology leads to a bias in animal cognition research against attributing “anthropomorphic” properties to animals . This charge is examined in light of a debate on the role of folk psychology between primatologists who emphasize similarities between humans and other apes, and those who emphasize differences. We argue that while in practice there is sometimes bias, either in the formulation of the null hypothesis or in the preference of Type-II errors over Type-I (...)
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  21. The Evolution of Eupathics: The Historical Roots of Subjective Measures of Well-Being.Erik Angner - manuscript
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  22. The Ethical Evolution of Abdusalam A. Guseinov.Ruben G. Apresian - 2014 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 52 (3):9-17.
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  23. From Monkey-Like Action Recognition to Human Language: An Evolutionary Framework for Neurolinguistics.Michael A. Arbib - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):105-124.
    The article analyzes the neural and functional grounding of language skills as well as their emergence in hominid evolution, hypothesizing stages leading from abilities known to exist in monkeys and apes and presumed to exist in our hominid ancestors right through to modern spoken and signed languages. The starting point is the observation that both premotor area F5 in monkeys and Broca's area in humans contain a “mirror system” active for both execution and observation of manual actions, and that F5 (...)
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  24. Beyond Darwinism's Eclipse: Functional Evolution, Biochemical Recapitulation and Spencerian Emergence in the 1920s and 1930s. [REVIEW]Rony Armon - 2010 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 41 (1):173 - 194.
    During the 1920s and 1930s, many biologists questioned the viability of Darwin’s theory as a mechanism of evolutionary change. In the early 1940s, and only after a number of alternatives were suggested, Darwinists succeeded to establish natural selection and gene mutation as the main evolutionary mechanisms. While that move, today known as the neo-Darwinian synthesis, is taken as signalling a triumph of evolutionary theory, certain critical problems in evolution—in particular the evolution of animal function—could not be addressed with this approach. (...)
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  25. The Evolution of Pragmatism.A. C. Armstrong - 1908 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 5 (24):645-650.
  26. Rousseau, Evolution, and Liberalism: A Response to Alex Schulman's 'Evolution's Republic'.L. Arnhart - 2014 - Social Science Information 53 (4):545-546.
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  27. Different Kinds of Evolution.J. Arthur Thomson - 1926 - Philosophy 1 (1):50.
    Evoluvation is one of the badly over worked words, like “ force,” “ instinct,” and “ value.” It means a process of Becoming. but it is applied to various orders of facts which have very little in common, either as regards the material evolving or in the way in which the evolution comes about. We hear of the evolution of a solar system, the evolution of matter, the evolution of religion, the evolution of the chemical elements, the evolution of man, (...)
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  28. The Centipede Strigamia Maritima: What It Can Tell Us About the Development and Evolution of Segmentation.Wallace Arthur & Ariel D. Chipman - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (6):653-660.
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  29. The Recent and Unusual Evolution of an Expanding FCPA.John Ashcroft & John Ratcliffe - 2012 - Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 26 (1):25-38.
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  30. Religion's Evolutionary Landscape: Counterintuition, Commitment, Compassion, Communion.Scott Atran & Ara Norenzayan - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):713-730.
    Religion is not an evolutionary adaptation per se, but a recurring cultural by-product of the complex evolutionary landscape that sets cognitive, emotional, and material conditions for ordinary human interactions. Religion exploits only ordinary cognitive processes to passionately display costly devotion to counterintuitive worlds governed by supernatural agents. The conceptual foundations of religion are intuitively given by task-specific panhuman cognitive domains, including folkmechanics, folkbiology, and folkpsychology. Core religious beliefs minimally violate ordinary notions about how the world is, with all of its (...)
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  31. Darwinismo Morale: Da Darwin Alle Neuroscienze.Alessandra Attanasio - 2010 - Utet Università.
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  32. Evolution, Theodicy and Value.Robin Attfield - 2000 - Heythrop Journal 41 (3):281–296.
    In the first section I present a disagreement between a number of scholars concerning the goodness, indifference, evil or even wickedness both of nature and of nonhuman creatures. Section 2 examines and rejects the response to these diverse judgements that values are generated by human valuers employing different perspectives. In Section 3, the thesis that nonhuman animals are commonly either wicked or immoral is considered. The next two sections address the value or disvalue of predation and parasitism, and then of (...)
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  33. Basic Reproduction Ratio for a Fishery Model in a Patchy Environment.Pierre Auger, Ali Moussaoui & Gauthier Sallet - 2012 - Acta Biotheoretica 60 (1-2):167-188.
    We present a dynamical model of a multi-site fishery. The fish stock is located on a discrete set of fish habitats where it is catched by the fishing fleet. We assume that fishes remain on fishing habitats while the fishing vessels can move at a fast time scale to visit the different fishing sites. We use the existence of two time scales to reduce the dimension of the model : we build an aggregated model considering the habitat fish densities and (...)
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  34. Evolution of Biological Diversity.Francisco J. Ayala - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (7):681-682.
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  35. Adam, Eve, and Other Ancestors: A Story of Human Origins Told by Genes. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):303 - 313.
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  36. Human Nature and Evolution. [REVIEW]Francisco J. Ayala - 1985 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 7 (2):315 - 320.
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  37. The Disease: Evolutionary, Thermodynamical and Historical Aspect'.G. F. Azzone - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17:83-106.
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  38. The Medical Symptom: Phylogeny and Ontogeny.Eugen Baer - 1982 - American Journal of Semiotics 1 (3):17-34.
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  39. Mechanistic Constraints on Evolutionary Outcomes.Tudor M. Baetu - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (2):276-294.
  40. Evolutionary Naturalism.Archie J. Bahm - 1954 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (1):1-12.
  41. The Consciousness of the Atom.Alice Bailey - 1961 - New York: Lucis Pub. Co..
    The purpose of this series was to present to their auditors the testimony of science as to the relation of matter and of consciousness; to enable the ...
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  42. Hominid Brain Evolution.Drew H. Bailey & David C. Geary - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (1):67-79.
    Hypotheses regarding the selective pressures driving the threefold increase in the size of the hominid brain since Homo habilis include climatic conditions, ecological demands, and social competition. We provide a multivariate analysis that enables the simultaneous assessment of variables representing each of these potential selective forces. Data were collated for latitude, prevalence of harmful parasites, mean annual temperature, and variation in annual temperature for the location of 175 hominid crania dating from 1.9 million to 10 thousand years ago. We also (...)
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  43. Review of Jonathan CK Wells's The Evolutionary Biology of Human Body Fatness: Thrift and Control (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010). [REVIEW]Jack Baker - 2011 - Human Nature 22 (4):439-443.
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  44. Evolution of Adrenal and Sex Steroid Action in Vertebrates: A Ligand‐Based Mechanism for Complexity.Michael E. Baker - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (4):396-400.
  45. The Influence of the Darwinian Theory on Ethics.R. Balmforth - 1911 - International Journal of Ethics 21 (4):448-465.
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  46. The Characterization of Moral Evolution.Albert G. A. Balz - 1927 - International Journal of Ethics 37 (4):403-418.
  47. Is the Improvement of Human Condition Our Field? Making Evolutionary Science Work for Human Betterment.Bela Banathy - 1993 - World Futures 38 (1):17-31.
    (1993). Is the improvement of human condition our field? Making Evolutionary science work for human betterment. World Futures: Vol. 38, Theoretical Achievements and Practical Applications of General Evolutionary Theory, pp. 17-31.
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  48. The Characteristics and Acquisition of Evolutionary Competence.Bela Banathy - 1987 - World Futures 23 (1):123-144.
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  49. Representation and Reasoning About Evolutions of the World in the Context of Reasoning About Actions.Chitta Baral & Nam Tran - 2005 - Studia Logica 79 (1):33-46.
    The first step in reasoning about actions and change involves reasoning about how the world would evolve if a certain action is executed in a certain state. Most research on this assumes the evolution to be only a single step and focus on formulating the transition function that defines changes between states due to actions. In this paper we consider cases where the evolution is more than just a single change between one state and another. This is manifested when the (...)
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  50. Origin and Evolution of the Brain.Marcello Barbieri - 2011 - Biosemiotics 4 (3):369-399.
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