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  1. Viewpoint is Also Held by Many Current-Day Evolu-Tionary Biologists (Eg, Dawkins and Krebs 1979; Vermeij 1994). Predation Can Be Regarded as the Most Basic in-Teraction Between Populations. Herbivory and Par. [REVIEW]Peter A. Abrams - 2001 - In C. W. Fox D. A. Roff (ed.), Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies. pp. 277.
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  2. Culture and Transitions in Individuality.Paulo Abrantes - unknown
    Some "major" evolutionary transitions have been described as transitions in individuality. In this depiction, natural selection might bring about new kinds of individuals, whose evolutionary dynamics takes place in a novel way. Using a categorization proposed by Godfrey-Smith, this transition is fully accomplished when a new "paradigmatic" Darwinian population emerges. In this paper I investigate whether at some point in the evolution in the hominin lineage a transition of this kind might have happened, by assuming some of the theses of (...)
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  3. Gould, Hull, and the Individuation of Scientific Theories.Paulo Abrantes & Charbel Niño El-Hani - 2009 - Foundations of Science 14 (4):295-313.
    When is conceptual change so significant that we should talk about a new theory, not a new version of the same theory? We address this problem here, starting from Gould’s discussion of the individuation of the Darwinian theory. He locates his position between two extremes: ‘minimalist’—a theory should be individuated merely by its insertion in a historical lineage—and ‘maximalist’—exhaustive lists of necessary and sufficient conditions are required for individuation. He imputes the minimalist position to Hull and attempts a reductio : (...)
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  4. The Evolution of Scientific Thought From Newton to Einstein.A. D' Abro - 1950 - Dover Publications.
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  5. Towards a Unified Field Theory of Human Behavior.Marcus Abundis - 2009 - Integral World.
    This paper develops a new structural psychology, and therein proposes a specific model for the scientific study of consciousness. The presented model uses Earth's geologic history of mass-extinction & recovery (evolutionary dynamics) in determining humanity’s adaptive response (conscious and non-conscious traits). It argues humanity adaptively mirrors Earth’s basic evolutionary dynamics, in a “mythologizing of natural adversity” as foundation for all human knowledge – a process that continues well into the modern era. The intellectual lineage used to develop this model includes: (...)
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  6. Pierre-Henri Gouyon, Les Harmonies de la Nature a l'Epreuve de la Biologie, Evolution Et Biodiversite.P. Acot - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3/4):542-542.
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  7. Henri Bergson: Evolution, Time and Philosophy.Gregory Dale Adamson - 1999 - World Futures 54 (2):135-162.
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  8. Book Review:The Evolution of Religion. Edward Caird. [REVIEW]R. Adamson - 1893 - Ethics 4 (1):101-.
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  9. The Evolution of Existence.C. J. Adcock - 1931 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 9 (2):134 – 138.
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  10. The Evolution of Existence.C. J. Adcock - 1931 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 9 (2):134-138.
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  11. Gene-Culture Coevolution Does Not Replace Standard Evolutionary Theory.Mauro Adenzato - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):146-146.
    Though the target article is not without fertile suggestions, at least two problems limit its overall validity: (1) the extended gene-culture coevolutionary framework is not an alternative to standard evolutionary theory; (2) the proposed model does not explain how much time is necessary for selective pressure to determine the stabilization of a new aspect of the genotype.
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  12. Enigmas of Evolution.Jerry Adler & John Carey - unknown
    n 1902, 70 million years after it tripped lightly through the Mesozoic forests in search of meat, the skeleton of a 20-foothightyrannosaurus was dynamited out of a sandstone bluff near Hell Creek, Mont. Wrapped in burlap and plaster and shipped back to New York, the bones were painstakingly reassembled by fossil curator Barnum Brown of the American Museum of Natural History. It was there, one day in 1947, that they happened to scare the bejesus out of 5-year-old Stephen Jay Gould. (...)
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  13. On Reading F. F. Centore's Review of "The Problem of Evolution". [REVIEW]Mortimer J. Adler - 1974 - The Thomist 38 (2):389.
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  14. The Evolution of a Social Construction: The Case of Male Homosexuality.Pieter R. Adriaens & Andreas De Block - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (4):570-585.
  15. Towards a General Theory of Evolution.D. Aerts & L. Gabora - forthcoming - Foundations of Science.
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  16. Mind and Cosmos. Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature is Almost Certainly False by M. D. Aeschliman.M. D. Aeschliman - 2013 - The Chesterton Review 39 (3):305-309.
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  17. Intervention and Protection in African Crisis Situations: Evolution and Ethical Challenges.Mireille Affa'A. Mindzie - 2010 - Criminal Justice Ethics 29 (2):174-193.
  18. Philosophy and the Origin and Evolution of the Universe.Evandro Agazzi & Alberto Cordero (eds.) - 1991 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  19. Darwin En Sevilla: Antonio Machado y Núñez y Los Darwinistas Sevillanos.Encarnación Aguilar Criado (ed.) - 2010 - Universidad de Sevilla, Secretariado de Publicaciones.
    Con motivo del bicentenario del nacimiento de Darwin, esta obra realiza un recorrido por la Teoría de la Evolución a partir del patrimonio bibliográfico y científico de la Universidad de Sevilla. Sus autores muestran la vigencia actual de esta teoría y el papel de Antonio Machado y Núñez, destacado darwinista de la Sevilla de finales del XIX.
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  20. The Evolution of Jewish Thought.Jacob B. Agus - 1973 - New York: Arno Press.
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  21. Evolution is Important but It is Not Simple: Defining Cultural Traits and Incorporating Complex Evolutionary Theory.Fuentes Agustin - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):355.
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  22. Foundations of Biology: On the Problem of “Purpose” in Biology in Relation to Our Acceptance of the Darwinian Theory of Natural Selection. [REVIEW]Paul S. Agutter & Denys N. Wheatley - 1999 - Foundations of Science 4 (1):3-23.
    For many years, biology was largely descriptive (natural history), but with its emergence as a scientific discipline in its own right, a reductionist approach began, which has failed to be matched by adequate understanding of function of cells, organisms and species as whole entities. Every effort was made to explain biological phenomena in physico-chemical terms.It is argued that there is and always has been a clear distinction between life sciences and physical sciences, explicit in the use of the word biology. (...)
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  23. Semi-Supervised Ensemble Learning of Data Streams in the Presence of Concept Drift.Zahra Ahmadi & Hamid Beigy - 2012 - In Emilio Corchado, Vaclav Snasel, Ajith Abraham, Michał Woźniak, Manuel Grana & Sung-Bae Cho (eds.), Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems. Springer. pp. 526--537.
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  24. Evolution of Hindu Moral Ideals.Sivaswamy Aiyer & S. P. - 1935 - [Calcutta]Calcutta University.
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  25. Operators, the Lego-Bricks of Nature: Evolutionary Transitions From Fermions to Neural Networks.Gerard A. J. M. Jagers Op Akkerhuis & Nico van Straalen - 1999 - World Futures 53 (4):329-345.
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  26. Theory of Evolution and Historical Explanation in Biology.Keyvan Alasti - forthcoming - Philosophical Investigations.
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  27. Objective Colours and Evolutionary Value: A Reply to Dedrick.Miri Albahari - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (1):99-108.
  28. Stuffed Animals & Pickled Heads: The Culture and Evolution of Natural History Museums. [REVIEW]Samuel Alberti - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Science 36 (2):236-237.
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  29. The Evolution of Ideals.Hartley B. Alexander - 1906 - International Journal of Ethics 16 (3):311-332.
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  30. The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure, Brian Skyrms. Cambridge University Press, 2004, 149 Pages. [REVIEW]J. McKenzie Alexander - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):441-448.
  31. Review of The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure. [REVIEW]J. McKenzie Alexander - 2006 - Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):441-448.
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  32. The Evolutionary Foundations of Human Altruism.J. McKenzie Alexander - unknown
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  33. Evolutionary Game Theory.J. McKenzie Alexander - unknown
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  34. Evolutionary Explanations of Distributive Justice.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):490-516.
    Evolutionary game theoretic accounts of justice attempt to explain our willingness to follow certain principles of justice by appealing to robustness properties possessed by those principles. Skyrms (1996) offers one sketch of how such an account might go for divide-the-dollar, the simplest version of the Nash bargaining game, using the replicator dynamics of Taylor and Jonker (1978). In a recent article, D'Arms et al. (1998) criticize his account and describe a model which, they allege, undermines his theory. I sketch a (...)
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  35. Co-Evolutionary Dynamics on a Deformable Landscape.J. McKenzie Alexander, Marc Ebner & Richard Watson - unknown
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  36. The (Spatial) Evolution of the Equal Split.Jason Alexander & Brian Skyrms - unknown
    The replicator dynamics have been used to study the evolution of a population of rational agents playing the Nash bargaining game, where an individual's "fitness" is determined by an individual's success in playing the game. In these models, a population whose initial conditions was randomly chosen from the space of population proportions converges to a state of fair division approximately 62% of the time. (Higher rates of convergence to final states of fair division can be obtained by introducing artificial correlations (...)
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  37. Natural Selection in Morals.S. Alexander - 1892 - International Journal of Ethics 2 (4):409-439.
  38. Book Review:Riddles of the Sphinx: A Study in the Philosophy of Evolution Troglodyte. [REVIEW]S. Alexander - 1892 - Ethics 2 (2):267-.
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  39. Affect and Aesthetics in Human Evolution.Alexander Alland Jr - 1989 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 47 (1):1-14.
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  40. The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness.Barry Allen - 2010 - Common Knowledge 16 (3):559-559.
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  41. The Evolution of Rational Demons.Colin Allen - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):742-742.
    If fast and frugal heuristics are as good as they seem to be, who needs logic and probability theory? Fast and frugal heuristics depend for their success on reliable structure in the environment. In passive environments, there is relatively little change in structure as a consequence of individual choices. But in social interactions with competing agents, the environment may be structured by agents capable of exploiting logical and probabilistic weaknesses in competitors' heuristics. Aspirations toward the ideal of a demon reasoner (...)
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  42. Æsthetic Evolution in Man.Grant Allen - 1880 - Mind 5 (20):445-464.
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  43. Genes for Susceptibility to Mental Disorder Are Not Mental Disorder: Clarifying the Target of Evolutionary Analysis and the Role of the Environment.Nicholas B. Allen & Paul B. T. Badcock - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):405-406.
    In this commentary, we critique the appropriate behavioural features for evolutionary genetic analysis, the role of the environment, and the viability of a general evolutionary genetic model for all common mental disorders. In light of these issues, we suggest that the authors may have prematurely discounted the role of some of the mechanisms they review, particularly balancing selection. (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  44. Population Dynamics and Evolution.P. Allen - 1976 - In Erich Jantsch (ed.), Evolution and Consciousness: Human Systems in Transition. Reading Ma: Addison-Wesley. pp. 127--130.
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  45. Knowledge, Ignorance and the Evolution of Complex Systems.Peter Allen - 2000 - World Futures 55 (1):37-70.
    The paper explores the basis for decision?making and policy with regard to the Environment. Clearly these should be based on knowledge of possible consequences and accompanying risk assessments involving the linked behaviour of the many interacting human actors within a socio?economic system and the ecological, and physical systems in which they are embedded. The paper describes the Complex Systems approach to these problems, showing the kind of models that are required in order to obtain whatever limited knowledge is possible about (...)
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  46. Modelling Evolution and Creativity in Complex Systems.Peter Allen - 1992 - World Futures 34 (1):105-123.
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  47. Evolution, Emergence, and Learning in Complex Systems.Peter M. Allen & Mark Strathern - 2003 - Emergence: Complexity and Organization 5 (4):8-33.
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  48. Competition Theory, Evolution, and the Concept of an Ecological Niche.Thomas R. Alley - 1982 - Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):165-179.
    This article examines some of the main tenets of competition theory in light of the theory of evolution and the concept of an ecological niche. The principle of competitive exclusion and the related assumption that communities exist at competitive equilibrium - fundamental parts of many competition theories and models - may be violated if non-equilibrium conditions exist in natural communities or are incorporated into competition models. Furthermore, these two basic tenets of competition theory are not compatible with the theory of (...)
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  49. Species Counterpoint: Darwin and the Evolution of Forms.Randall Everett Allsup - 2006 - Philosophy of Music Education Review 14 (2):159-174.
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  50. Evolutionism in Portugal.Carlos Almaça - 1993 - Museu Nacional De História Natural, Museu E Laboratoratório Zoológico E Antropológico (Museu Bocage).
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