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  1. The emergence and evolution of urban AI.Michael Batty - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-4.
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  2. A Defence of the Evolutionary Debunking Argument.Man Him Ip - 2021 - Dissertation, University of Birmingham
    In this thesis, I will explore the epistemological evolutionary debunking arguments in meta-ethics. I will defend these arguments by accomplishing two tasks: I will offer the best way to understand the EDA and I will also respond to two strongest objections to the EDA. Firstly, in Part I of this thesis, I will offer my account of how the EDA should be best formulated. I will start from how evolution has significantly influenced our moral beliefs. I will then explain why, (...)
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  3. Need Evolutionary Debunking Arguments Rely on a Particular Metaphysical Construal of Evaluative Facts?Christopher Foster - unknown
    Sharon Street’s evolutionary debunking argument—her Darwinian Dilemma—is meant to challenge value realists to reconcile the evaluative attitudes we tend to hold, shaped as they are by evolution, with the attitude-independent evaluative facts that realists posit. Ramon Das argues that Street’s argument relies on illicit metaphysical assumptions about evaluative facts, and that these assumptions beg the question against a particular form of value realism called naturalist realism. I argue that Street makes no such metaphysical assumptions, and that her argument requires no (...)
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  4. Natural Selection at New College: The Evolution of Science and Theology at a Scottish Presbyterian Seminary.Mark Harris - forthcoming - Zygon.
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  5. The Evolution of Sartre’s Concept of Authenticity : From a Non-Egological Theory of Consciousness to the Unrealized Practical Ethics of the Gift-Giving (No-)Self.Lehel Balogh - 2022 - Journal of Applied Ethics and Philosophy 13.
    Over forty years have passed since the death of Jean-Paul Sartre, still, his oeuvre stands out as a paramount achievement in existential-phenomenological thought. Among the numerous ideas and challenges he offered to contemporary continental philosophy, the problem of authenticity deserves a special place, for it connects many of existentialism’s key concerns. The ever reforming conceptualization of authenticity had spread from the mid-1930s till Sartre’s posthumously published Cahiers pour une morale that appeared in the early 1980s, and it had a profound (...)
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  6. Philosophical Anthropology as a Space for the Evolution of Biopolitical Knowledge: From Ancient Natural Philosophy to Modern Microbiopolitics.S. K. Kostiuchkov & I. I. Kartashova - 2022 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 21:15-27.
    Purpose. The study aims to substantiate philosophical anthropology as a space for the development of biopolitics, which is a relatively new synthetic scientific knowledge of the political in the biological and the biological in the political, which, however, has its roots in the era of antiquity. The analysis of biopolitics in the context of contemporary global challenges, in particular the COVID-19 pandemic, is carried out, which allows to actualize a new direction of biopolitics – microbiopolitics. Theoretical basis. The study is (...)
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  7. Defining Communication and Language from Within a Pluralistic Evolutionary Worldview.Nathalie Gontier - forthcoming - Topoi:1-14.
    New definitions are proposed for communication and language. Communication is defined as the evolution of physical, biochemical, cellular, community, and technological information exchange. Language is defined as community communication whereby the information exchanged comprises evolving individual and group-constructed knowledge and beliefs, that are enacted, narrated, or otherwise conveyed by evolving rule-governed and meaningful symbol systems, that are grounded, interpreted, and used from within evolving embodied, cognitive, ecological, sociocultural, and technological niches. These definitions place emphasis on the evolutionary aspects of communication (...)
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  8. Evolution Historique de la Royauté En Belgique.Jean Stengers - 1991 - Res Publica 33 (1):85-103.
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  9. Social Evolution in Jürgen Habermas: Towards a Weak Anthropological Naturalism Between Kant and Darwin.Ricardo Mejía Fernández & Javier Romero - 2022 - Wiley: Theoria 88 (3).
    Theoria, Volume 88, Issue 3, Page 607-628, June 2022.
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  10. Correction to: Social inheritance and the social mind: Introduction to the Synthese topical collection The Cultural Evolution of Human Social Cognition.Richard Moore & Rachael L. Brown - 2022 - Synthese 200 (4):1-1.
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  11. Who are We, and Who (or What) Do We Want to Become? An Evolutionary Perspective on Biotransformative Technologies.James Lyons-Weiler - 2022 - Biological Theory 17 (2):138-152.
    Human evolution sits at several important thresholds. In organic evolution, interplay between exogenous environmental and genetic factors rendered new phenotypes at rates limited by genetic variation. The interplay took place on adaptive fitness landscapes determined by correspondence of genetic and environmental relationships. Human evolution involved important emergences that altered the adaptive landscape: language, writing, organized societies, science, and the internet. These endogenous factors ushered in transformative periods leading to more rapidly evolving emergences. I explore the impact of development of emerging (...)
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  12. Scaffolding Natural Selection.Walter Veit - 2022 - Biological Theory 17 (2):163-180.
    Darwin provided us with a powerful theoretical framework to explain the evolution of living systems. Natural selection alone, however, has sometimes been seen as insufficient to explain the emergence of new levels of selection. The problem is one of “circularity” for evolutionary explanations: how to explain the origins of Darwinian properties without already invoking their presence at the level they emerge. That is, how does evolution by natural selection commence in the first place? Recent results in experimental evolution suggest a (...)
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  13. Categorizing Phenotypic Plasticity: An Analysis of Its Role in Human Cognitive Evolution.Mirko Farina - 2022 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 53 (2):103-121.
    I identify six types of phenotypic plasticity and categorize them with respect to their cognitive status. I look at differences and relations between some of these types of plasticity and then analyze how phenotypic outcomes are transmitted across generations. I engage with the relevant literature on developmental scaffolding and entrenchment in cultural evolution. I argue that that the typology I present here can be beneficial for such a debate and therefore instructive to better comprehend the evolution and development of human (...)
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  14. Revisiting Leigh Van Valen’s “A New Evolutionary Law”.Ricard Solé - 2022 - Biological Theory 17 (2):120-125.
    Leigh Van Valen was an American evolutionary biologist who made major contributions to evolutionary theory. He is particularly remembered for his groundbreaking paper “A New Evolutionary Law” where he provided evidence from fossil record data that the probability of extinction within any group remains essentially constant through time. In order to explain such an unexpected result, Van Valen formulated a very influential idea that he dubbed the “Red Queen hypothesis.” It states that the constant decay must be a consequence of (...)
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  15. More Than Two Places to Stand: Tracing the Evolution and Effects of Standpoint Epistemology in Contemporary Social Justice Responses to Racially Salient Cultural Artifacts.Olivia Ordonez - unknown
    This dissertation tracks contemporary appeals to and uses of standpoint theory in an archive of popular late-20th-and-21st-century literary works, memoirs, museum exhibits, and public artworks that have been taken up as touchstone objects in contemporary conversations about interracial communication. Focusing on social media, blog, newspaper, and comments-section reactions to these works, I analyze the ways in which knowledge generated from creators’ standpoints is offered to audiences and the subsequent ways in which particular audiences respond to these invitations with attempts at (...)
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  16. The Role of Consciousness in Evolutionary History: An Epiphenomenon or a Decisive Adaptive Factor in Natural Selection.Konstantin Vladimirovich Pronin - 2022 - Известия Саратовского Университета: Новая Серия. Серия Философия. Психология. Педагогика 22 (1):45-49.
    The article is devoted to the analysis of the opinion widespread in the scientifi c community about the decisive adaptive role of consciousness in the process of natural selection. Hypotheses about the functions of consciousness as a central element of the information processing mechanism and the development of a control eff ect on the behavior of the organism are considered. The conclusion is formulated according to which such functions traditionally ascribed to consciousness, such as coordinating the work of highly specialized (...)
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  17. Implementation of Sustainable Development by Cities and Businesses in Poland. Evolution of the Approach.Ewa Jastrzębska & Paulina Legutko-Kobus - 2022 - Studia Ecologiae Et Bioethicae 20 (1).
    Adoption of the UN Sustainable Development Goals in 2015 put the theoretical concept of sustainable development into practice. The goals kindled a vivid interest among Poland-based companies, too, especially large enterprises, which took them to the next level, and embedded them in their corporate strategies. Truth be told, Polish local governments started to implement SD much earlier, namely through Local Agendas 21 after the Second Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The year 2015 was a pivotal moment for (...)
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  18. Domestication as natural selection?S. Andrew Inkpen - forthcoming - Metascience:1-6.
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  19. A Relic of Design: Against Proper Functions in Biology.Emanuele Ratti & Pierre-Luc Germain - 2022 - Biology and Philosophy 37 (4):1-28.
    The notion of biological function is fraught with difficulties—intrinsically and irremediably so, we argue. The physiological practice of functional ascription originates from a time when organisms were thought to be designed and remained largely unchanged since. In a secularized worldview, this creates a paradox which accounts of functions as selected effect attempt to resolve. This attempt, we argue, misses its target in physiology and it brings problems of its own. Instead, we propose that a better solution to the conundrum of (...)
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  20. Higher level constructive neutral evolution.T. D. P. Brunet - 2022 - Biology and Philosophy 37 (4):1-22.
    Constructive Neutral Evolution theory provides selectively neutral explanations of the origin and maintenance of biological complexity. This essay provides an analysis of CNE as an explanatory strategy defined by a tripartite set of conditions, and shows how this applies to cases of the evolution of complexity at higher-levels of the biological hierarchy. CNE was initially deployed to help explain a variety of complex molecular structures and processes, including spliceosomal splicing, trypansomal pan-editing, scrambled genes in ciliates, duplicate gene retention and fungal (...)
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  21. All about levels: transposable elements as selfish DNAs and drivers of evolution.W. Ford Doolittle - 2022 - Biology and Philosophy 37 (4):1-20.
    The origin and prevalence of transposable elements may best be understood as resulting from “selfish” evolutionary processes at the within-genome level, with relevant populations being all members of the same TE family or all potentially mobile DNAs in a species. But the maintenance of families of TEs as evolutionary drivers, if taken as a consequence of selection, might be better understood as a consequence of selection at the level of species or higher, with the relevant populations being species or ecosystems (...)
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  22. Dissensus and Deadlock in the Evolution of Labour Governance: Global Supply Chains and the International Labour Organization.Huw Thomas & Mark Anner - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-17.
    Global supply chains present the International Labour Organization with a challenge that goes to the heart of its founding mandate and structure, one built on the prominence of nation states and national representatives of employers and workers. In February 2020, discussions in the ILO on the rise of GSCs reached deadlock. To fully understand why the ILO has been unable to address decent work deficits in GSCs greater attention needs to be paid to contestation, power and legitimacy in the deliberation (...)
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  23. Social Evolution in Jürgen Habermas : Towards a Weak Anthropological Naturalism Between Kant and Darwin.Ricardo Mejía Fernández & Javier Romero - 2022 - Theoria 88 (3):607-628.
  24. The Evolutionary Analysis: Apparent Error, Certified Belief, and the Defects of Asymmetry.Alfred Nordmann - 1994 - Perspectives on Science 2 (2):131-175.
    This article scrutinizes in detail much of the extant historiography on the controversy between biometricians and Mendelians, considering in particular how this controversy is related to the evolutionary synthesis. While the historiographic critique concentrates on William Provine’s standard account, it also extends to the proposal by Donald MacKenzie and Barry Barnes. What Provine and these sociologists of scientific knowledge have in common is a set of unquestioned assumptions about the nature of Darwinism, about William Bateson’s anti-Darwinism, and about the very (...)
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  25. The Perpetual Struggle: How the Coevolution of Hierarchy and Resistance Drives the Evolution of Morality and Institutions.Allen Buchanan - 2021 - Social Philosophy and Policy 38 (2):232-260.
    Since the earliest human societies, there has been an ongoing struggle between hierarchy and resistance to hierarchy, and this struggle is a major driver of the evolution of moralities and of institutions. Attempts to initiate or sustain hierarchies are often met with resistance; hierarchs then adopt new strategies, which in turn prompt new strategies of resistance; and so on. The key point is that the struggle is typically conducted using moral concepts in justifications for or against unequal power and involves (...)
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  26. The Evolution of A. Durer's Aesthetic Views in the Context of Renaissance Philosophy.Nikolai Adrianovich Bagrovnikov & Marina Fedorova - 2022 - Философия И Культура 6:18-46.
    The article investigates the peculiarities of Durer's aesthetic views in the context of Renaissance philosophy and the theory of cognition of Modern times. Its provisions are compared with fragments of texts by L.-B. Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael. The semantic interrelationships of Durer's positions with mysticism, pantheism, natural philosophy and empiricism of Modern Times are emphasized. The interrelation of the problem of knowledge with the theme of freedom and beauty is considered in detail. The authors analyze various opinions and ways (...)
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  27. Organism-Environment Interactions in Evolutionary Theory.Bendik Hellem Aaby - 2021 - Dissertation, KU Leuven
    This dissertation concerns the active role of the organism in evolutionary theory. In particular, it concerns how our conception of the relationship between organism and environment, and the nature of natural selection, influences the causal and explanatory role of organismic activity and behavior in evolutionary explanations. The overarching aim is to argue that the behaviors and activities of organisms can serve both as the explananda (that which is explained) and the explanantia (that which explains) in evolutionary explanations. I attempt to (...)
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  28. Spatial Pattern and Evolution of Global Innovation Network From 2000 to 2019: Global Patent Dataset Perspective.Yuna Di, Yi Zhou, Lu Zhang, Galuh Syahbana Indraprahasta & Jinjin Cao - 2022 - Complexity 2022:1-11.
    In the era of the knowledge economy, the improvement of national innovation systems is playing a significant role in the global entrepreneurship ecosystem. Entrepreneurs are accelerating international intellectual property applications to be competitive. What remains to be explored is the evolution of international intellectual property network in the globe. With the application of social network analysis and intellectual property application database, the global innovation network structure from 2000 to 2019 is explored. Results showed that in the period 2000–2019, the global (...)
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  29. Evolution in Health and Medical Humanities Education: A Proposal for Accreditation.Sarah L. Berry, Anna-Leila Williams, Erin Gentry Lamb & Craig M. Klugman - forthcoming - Medical Humanities:medhum-2021-012377.
    The growth of Health and Medical Humanities baccalaureate and master’s degrees in recent decades makes the present moment ideal for initiating field-defining conversations among health humanities constituents about the boundaries of this transdisciplinary field. Focusing on accreditation at the programme level rather than the individual level, we explore four models with different advantages for Health and Medical Humanities: a certification for practice; a network ; a programme of merit model; and consultancy. We conclude that for a young field like health (...)
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  30. Thoughts on Artificial Intelligence and the Origin of Life Resulting From General Relativity, with Neo-Darwinist Reference to Human Evolution and Mathematical Reference to Cosmology.Rodney Bartlett - manuscript
    When this article was first planned, writing was going to be exclusively about two things - the origin of life and human evolution. But it turned out to be out of the question for the author to restrict himself to these biological and anthropological topics. A proper understanding of them required answering questions like “What is the nature of the universe – the home of life – and how did it originate?”, “How can time travel be removed from fantasy and (...)
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  31. The Evolutionary Debunking of Quasi-Realism.Neil Sinclair & James Chamberlain - forthcoming - In Diego E. Machuca (ed.), Evolutionary Debunking Arguments: Ethics, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics, and Epistemology. London: Routledge. pp. 33-55.
    In “The Evolutionary Debunking of Quasi-Realism,” Neil Sinclair and James Chamberlain present a novel answer that quasi-realists can pro-vide to a version of the reliability challenge in ethics—which asks for an explanation of why our moral beliefs are generally true—and in so doing, they examine whether evolutionary arguments can debunk quasi-realism. Although reliability challenges differ from EDAs in several respects, there may well be a connection between them. For the explanatory premise of an EDA may state that a particular theory (...)
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  32. Parasites and Priorities: The Early Evolution of ‘Neglected Disease’ Initiatives and the History of a Global Health Agenda.Mari Kathryn Webel - 2022 - Medical Humanities 48 (2):177-189.
    This article explores the development and evolution of ‘neglected tropical diseases’ as an operative and imaginative category in global public health, focusing on the early intellectual and institutional development of the category in the 1970s. It examines early work around ‘neglected’ diseases in the Rockefeller Foundation’s Health Sciences Division, specifically the Foundation’s ‘Great Neglected Diseases of Mankind’ initiative that ran between 1978 and 1988, as well as intersections with the WHO’s parallel Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (...)
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  33. Evolution as an Extended Metaphor of Education.Vikramaditya Joshi - 2022 - Philosophy of Education 78 (1):115-118.
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  34. Education as Cultural Inheritance: Using Oakeshott and Dewey to Explore the Educational Implications of Recent Advances in Evolutionary Science.Aline Nardo - 2022 - Philosophy of Education 78 (1):100-114.
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  35. The Case for Animal Experimentation. An Evolutionary and Ethical Perspective.M. A. Fox - 1986 - University of California Press.
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  36. Ross L. Jones, Anatomists of Empire: race, evolution and the Discovery of Human Biology in the British World, North Melbourne: australian Scholarly Publishing, 2020.Matthew R. Goodrum - 2022 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 44 (2):1-3.
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  37. Enhancing Thoughts: Culture, Technology, and the Evolution of Human Cognitive Uniqueness.Armin W. Schulz - 2022 - Mind and Language 37 (3):465-484.
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  38. Genetic Conservation: Our Evolutionary Responsibility.Otto Herzfeld Frankel - 1974 - Genetics 78:53-65.
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  39. Chaos, Evolution, And Deep Ecology.Sally Goerner - 1995 - In R. Robertson & A. Combs (eds.), Chaos theory in psychology and the life sciences. Psychology Press.
    This chapter focuses on the Tower of Babel and also on the enthusiasm surrounding the advent of chaos and related theories. In psychology, equilibrium also found a linguistic home. In fact, we have a significant heritage of the term in our own social science disciplines, which complicates the picture for us in the modern study of chaos in the social sciences. Equilibrium-based conceptions played a key role in the psychologies of Herbart, Lotke, Freud, Lewin, and Parsons. We all have different (...)
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  40. Islam and Evolution.Arthur C. Petersen - 2022 - Zygon 57 (2):297-298.
    Zygon®, Volume 57, Issue 2, Page 297-298, June 2022.
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  41. Introduction to the Symposium on Islam and Evolution.Shoaib Ahmed Malik - 2022 - Zygon 57 (2):389-392.
    Zygon®, Volume 57, Issue 2, Page 389-392, June 2022.
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  42. Shīʿī Readings of Human Evolution: Ṭabāṭabāʾī to Ḥaydarī.Karim Gabor Kocsenda - 2022 - Zygon 57 (2):418-442.
    Zygon®, Volume 57, Issue 2, Page 418-442, June 2022.
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  43. Explaining Evil in the Biosphere: Assessing Some Evolutionary Theodicies for Muslim Theists.Safaruk Zaman Chowdhury - 2022 - Zygon 57 (2):393-417.
    Zygon®, Volume 57, Issue 2, Page 393-417, June 2022.
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  44. Presumptions About God's Wisdom in Muslim Arguments for and Against Evolution.David Solomon Jalajel - 2022 - Zygon 57 (2):467-489.
    Zygon®, Volume 57, Issue 2, Page 467-489, June 2022.
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  45. Human Evolution and the Christian Call to Love.David Poister - 2022 - Zygon 57 (2):368-388.
    Zygon®, Volume 57, Issue 2, Page 368-388, June 2022.
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  46. Evolving Creation: An Ismaili Muslim Interpretation of Evolution.Khalil Andani - 2022 - Zygon 57 (2):443-466.
    Zygon®, Volume 57, Issue 2, Page 443-466, June 2022.
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  47. Undermining versus rebutting: options for responding to evolutionary debunking arguments.Emily Slome - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-18.
    In this paper, I argue that the success of evolutionary debunking arguments hinges on what theory of epistemic justification one endorses. More specifically, I argue that what it takes to satisfactorily respond to evolutionary debunking arguments depends on what view of epistemic justification one is operating under and that a thorough analysis of any line of response to evolutionary debunking arguments must take into account whether there is a specific view of justification motivating the response or looming in the background. (...)
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  48. An Evolutionary Perspective on Strengths, Fallacies, and Confusions in the Concept of Native Plants.Stephen Jay Gould - 1998 - Arnoldia 58 (1):11-19.
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  49. The Anthropic Principle for the Evolutionary Biology of Consciousness: Beyond Anthropocentrism and Anthropomorphism.Daichi G. Suzuki - 2022 - Biosemiotics 15 (1):171-186.
    The evolutionary origin of consciousness has been a growing area of study in recent years. Nevertheless, there is intense debate on whether the existence of phenomenal consciousness without the cerebral cortex is possible. The corticocentrists have an empirical advantage because we are quasi-confident that we humans are conscious and have the well-developed cortex as the site of our consciousness. However, their prejudice can be an anthropic bias similar to the anthropocentric prejudice in pre-Darwinian natural history. In this paper, I propose (...)
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  50. When it pays to punish in the evolution of honesty and cooperation.Hannah Rubin - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-20.
    In explaining the emergence of conventions surrounding human cooperation and helping of those in need, it seems as though honest communication of need is an essential part of the story. While previous results indicate that punishment promotes cooperation, this paper will argue that the story is more complicated. Namely, whether punishment promotes cooperation depends on what you punish. Punishment of those who lie about their need for a resource may instead impede cooperation, as the attempts to deceive that arise in (...)
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