This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

177 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 177
  1. added 2020-03-06
    Introduction to Symposium.Magdalena Małecka & Michiru Nagatsu - 2019 - Journal of Economic Methodology 26 (3):177-178.
  2. added 2020-01-30
    Two Strands of Field Experiments in Economics: A Historical-Methodological Analysis.Michiru Nagatsu & Judith Favereau - 2020 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 50 (1):45-77.
    While the history and methodology of laboratory experiments in economics have been extensively studied by philosophers, those of field experiments have not attracted much attention until recently. What is the historical context in which field experiments have been advocated? And what are the methodological rationales for conducting experiments in the field as opposed to in the lab? This article addresses these questions by combining historical and methodological perspectives. In terms of history, we show that the movement toward field experiments in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. added 2019-06-06
    Warranting the Use of Causal Claims: A Non-Trivial Case for Interdisciplinarity.Menno Rol & Nancy Cartwright - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):189-202.
    To what use can causal claims established in good policy studies be put? We isolate two reasons inferences from study to target fail. First, policy variables do not produce results on their own; they need helping factors. The distribution of helping factors is likely to be unique or local for each study, so one cannot expect external validity to be all that common. Second, researchers often give too concrete a description of the cause in the study for it to carry (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4. added 2019-06-05
    Norm Manipulation, Norm Evasion: Experimental Evidence: Cristina Bicchieri and Alex K. Chavez.Cristina Bicchieri & Alex K. Chavez - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (2):175-198.
    Using an economic bargaining game, we tested for the existence of two phenomena related to social norms, namely norm manipulation – the selection of an interpretation of the norm that best suits an individual – and norm evasion – the deliberate, private violation of a social norm. We found that the manipulation of a norm of fairness was characterized by a self-serving bias in beliefs about what constituted normatively acceptable behaviour, so that an individual who made an uneven bargaining offer (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5. added 2019-06-05
    Discussion: Internal Impediments: D. Goldstick.D. Goldstick - 2013 - Philosophy 88 (2):313-315.
    Not everything that it's ‘possible’ FOR you to do is something it's ‘possible’ THAT you will do. The compatibilist freedom formula ‘absence of impediments’ must embrace external and internal – including psychological – impediments. Desires are impediments only when they impede, owing to motivational conflict. But other impediments, external or internal, require merely the potential to impede.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. added 2019-06-05
    Review of The Social Epistemology of Experimental Economics. [REVIEW]Martin Jones - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (1):64-69.
  7. added 2019-06-05
    Review of Experimental Economics: Rethinking the Rules. [REVIEW]Andrew Caplin - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):179-183.
  8. added 2019-06-05
    External Validity and Libraries of Phenomena: A Critique of Guala's Methodology of Experimental Economics: Martin K. Jones.Martin K. Jones - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (3):247-271.
    Francesco Guala has developed some novel and radical ideas on the problem of external validity, a topic that has not received much attention in the experimental economics literature. In this paper I argue that his views on external validity are not justified and the conclusions which he draws from these views, if widely adopted, could substantially undermine the experimental economics enterprise. In rejecting the justification of these views, the paper reaffirms the importance of experiments in economics.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9. added 2019-06-05
    Eager for Fairness or for Revenge? Psychological Altruism in Economics: Christine Clavien and Rebekka A. Klein.Christine Clavien - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):267-290.
    To understand the human capacity for psychological altruism, one requires a proper understanding of how people actually think and feel. This paper addresses the possible relevance of recent findings in experimental economics and neuroeconomics to the philosophical controversy over altruism and egoism. After briefly sketching and contextualizing the controversy, we survey and discuss the results of various studies on behaviourally altruistic helping and punishing behaviour, which provide stimulating clues for the debate over psychological altruism. On closer analysis, these studies prove (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  10. added 2019-06-05
    Why a Trade-Off? The Relationship Between the External and Internal Validity of Experiments.Maria Jimenez-Buedo & Luis Miguel Miller - 2010 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 25 (3):301-321.
    Much of the methodological discussion around experiments in economics and other social sciences is framed in terms of the notions of internal and external validity. The standard view is that internal validity and external validity stand in a relationship best described as a _trade-off_. However, it is also commonly held that internal validity is a _prerequisite_ to external validity. This article addresses the problem of the compatibility of these two ideas and analyzes critically the standard arguments about the conditions under (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  11. added 2019-06-05
    The Naked Emperor: Seeking a More Plausible Genetic Basis for Psychological Altruism: C. Daniel Batson.C. Daniel Batson - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (2):149-164.
    The adequacy of currently popular accounts of the genetic basis for psychological altruism, including inclusive fitness, reciprocal altruism, sociality, and group selection, is questioned. Problems exist both with the evidence cited as supporting these accounts and with the relevance of the accounts to what is being explained. Based on the empathy-altruism hypothesis, a more plausible account is proposed: generalized parental nurturance. It is suggested that four evolutionary developments combined to provide a genetic basis for psychological altruism. First is the evolution (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. added 2019-06-05
    Fraternity, Intrinsic Motivation and Sacrifice: A Reply to Gui and Nelson: Luigino Bruni and Robert Sugden.Luigino Bruni - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):195-198.
    This paper responds to Gui and Nelson's separate comments on our paper ‘Fraternity’, which analysed sociality in markets as joint commitment to mutual assistance. We argue that our analysis is fundamentally different both from Nelson's analysis and from that provided by theories of warm glow or guilt aversion, as discussed by Gui. We agree with Gui that, in initiating and maintaining cooperative relationships, individuals sometimes incur personal costs to benefit others without any certainty of reciprocation, but we argue that the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. added 2019-06-05
    Ethical Issues in Accounting and Economics Experimental Research: Inducing Strategic Misrepresentation.David T. Dearman - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (1):51-59.
    Numerous accounting and economics research studies employ an experimental research method requiring student participants to make representations about an individual characteristic that provides a basis for payment of cash rewards. In response, many participants intentionally misrepresent the nature of that characteristic to receive a greater reward. Typically, such studies are deemed to be either exempt from review by institutional review boards or subject only to an expedited review. Moreover, investigators seldom debrief participants, purportedly to avoid contamination of the participant pool. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. added 2019-06-05
    From Cognitive Science to Cognitive Neuroscience to Neuroeconomics: Steven R. Quartz.Steven R. Quartz - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):459-471.
    As an emerging discipline, neuroeconomics faces considerable methodological and practical challenges. In this paper, I suggest that these challenges can be understood by exploring the similarities and dissimilarities between the emergence of neuroeconomics and the emergence of cognitive and computational neuroscience two decades ago. From these parallels, I suggest the major challenge facing theory formation in the neural and behavioural sciences is that of being under-constrained by data, making a detailed understanding of physical implementation necessary for theory construction in neuroeconomics. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  15. added 2019-06-05
    No Revolution Necessary: Neural Mechanisms for Economics: Carl F. Craver and Anna Alexandrova.Carl F. Craver - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):381-406.
    We argue that neuroeconomics should be a mechanistic science. We defend this view as preferable both to a revolutionary perspective, according to which classical economics is eliminated in favour of neuroeconomics, and to a classical economic perspective, according to which economics is insulated from facts about psychology and neuroscience. We argue that, like other mechanistic sciences, neuroeconomics will earn its keep to the extent that it either reconfigures how economists think about decision-making or how neuroscientists think about brain mechanisms underlying (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  16. added 2019-06-05
    The Potential of Neuroeconomics: Colin F. Camerer.Colin F. Camerer - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):369-379.
    The goal of neuroeconomics is a mathematical theory of how the brain implements decisions, that is tied to behaviour. This theory is likely to show some decisions for which rational-choice theory is a good approximation, to provide a deeper level of distinction among competing behavioural alternatives, and to provide empirical inspiration for economics to incorporate more nuanced ideas about endogeneity of preferences, individual difference, emotions, endogeneous regulation of states, and so forth. I also address some concerns about rhetoric and practical (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  17. added 2019-06-05
    Neuroeconomics: A Critical Reconsideration: Glenn W. Harrison.Glenn W. Harrison - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):303-344.
    Understanding more about how the brain functions should help us understand economic behaviour. But some would have us believe that it has done this already, and that insights from neuroscience have already provided insights in economics that we would not otherwise have. Much of this is just academic marketing hype, and to get down to substantive issues we need to identify that fluff for what it is. After we clear away the distractions, what is left? The answer is that a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  18. added 2019-06-05
    On an Evolutionary Foundation of Neuroeconomics: Burkhard C. Schipper.Burkhard C. Schipper - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):495-513.
    Neuroeconomics focuses on brain imaging studies mapping neural responses to choice behaviour. Economic theory is concerned with choice behaviour but it is silent on neural activities. We present a game theoretic model in which players are endowed with an additional structure – a simple “nervous system” – and interact repeatedly in changing games. The nervous system constrains information processing functions and behavioural functions. By reinterpreting results from evolutionary game theory, we suggest that nervous systems can develop to “function well” in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. added 2019-06-05
    Neuroeconomics and the Economic Sciences: Kevin A. McCabe.Kevin A. McCabe - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):345-368.
    Neuroeconomics is the newest of the economic sciences with a focus on how the embodied human brain interacts with its institutional and social environment to make economic decisions. This paper presents an overview of neuroeconomics methods and reviews a number of results in this emerging field of study.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  20. added 2019-06-05
    Well-Being and Neuroeconomics: Julian C. Jamison.Julian C. Jamison - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):407-418.
    Neuroscience can contribute to economics by inspiring new models, helping to distinguish models that have similar implications for readily available data, and guiding interpretations of decision-making processes by policy-makers. However, there is an additional less straightforward role for it to play: augmenting, along with survey data and other non-revealed-preference sources, assessments of well-being. The need for such augmentation lies in the slightly bizarre stance taken by modern economic theory, namely that economics is concerned only with choices and not with welfare (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. added 2019-06-05
    Review of The Methodology of Experimental Economics. [REVIEW]Shepley Orr - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (3):401-407.
  22. added 2018-12-19
    No Harm Done? An Experimental Approach to the Non-Identity Problem.Matthew Kopec & Justin P. Bruner - manuscript
    A driving force behind much of the literature on the non-identity problem is the widely shared intuition that actions or policies that change who comes into existence don't, as a result, lose their morally problematic features. We hypothesize that this intuition isn’t entirely shared by the general public, which might have widespread implications concerning how to best motivate public support for large-scale, identity-affecting policies like those involved in climate change mitigation. To test our hypothesis, we ran a behavioural economic experiment, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. added 2017-02-15
    Addressing Ruben's "Internal and External Perspectives".Martin Beckstein - unknown
  24. added 2017-02-15
    Internal and External.Charles R. Beitz - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):225-238.
    James's Fairness in Trade seeks to offer an account of fair trade that is “internal” to an existing practice he describes as “mutual market reliance.” This paper distinguishes several senses of the distinction between “internal” and “external” that occur in the book and asks how, in its various senses, the distinction shapes and influences judgments about the fairness of the practice.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  25. added 2017-02-14
    Too Close for Comfort and/or Validity.T. Galguera - forthcoming - Ethics.
  26. added 2017-02-14
    Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?-Open Peer Commentary-Varying the Scale of Financial Incentives Under Real and Hypothetical Conditions.R. Hertwig, A. Ortmann, C. A. Holt & S. K. Laury - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):417-417.
    The use of high hypothetical payoffs has been justified by the realism and relevance of large monetary consequences and by the impracticality of making high cash payments. We argue that subjects may not be able to imagine how they would behave in high payoff situations.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. added 2017-02-14
    The Continuing Validity of the Marxian Thought.Z. Cackowski - 1998 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 60:115-130.
  28. added 2017-02-14
    The Adjustment of Internal and External Preferences.Miroslava Anđelković - 1993 - Theoria 36 (1):33-50.
  29. added 2017-02-14
    Internal and External Threats to the University.Michael Shattock - 1992 - Minerva 30:147.
  30. added 2017-02-14
    The Internal and External Threats to the University of the 21st-Century-Comments.Ms Dresselhaus, C. Kerr, We Massey, J. Roberts & Ch Townes - 1992 - Minerva 30 (2):148-162.
  31. added 2017-02-13
    Experiments on an Internal Approach to Typed Algorithms in Analysis.Dag Normann - 2011 - In S. B. Cooper & Andrea Sorbi (eds.), Computability in Context: Computation and Logic in the Real World. World Scientific. pp. 297.
  32. added 2017-02-13
    1. Internal Versus External Singularity.Rm Sainsbury - 2010 - In Robin Jeshion (ed.), New Essays on Singular Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 300.
  33. added 2017-02-13
    Textual Analysis in the Historiography of Mentalities: Its External and Internal Problem of Representativity.Arne Jarrick - 2002 - In Dag Prawitz (ed.), Meaning and Interpretation: Conference Held in Stockholm, September 24-26, 1998. Kungl. Vitterhets, Historie Och Antikvitets Akademien. pp. 55--133.
  34. added 2017-02-13
    Using an Interpreter in Qualitative Interviews: Does It Threaten Validity?Inez Kapborg & Carina Bertero - 2002 - Nursing Inquiry 9 (1):52-56.
  35. added 2017-02-13
    Learning in Economics Experiments.Jacob K. Goeree & Charles A. Holt - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan. pp. 2--1060.
  36. added 2017-02-13
    External, Restricted External, and Internal Negations in a Two-Dimensional Logic.Ingolf Max - 1996 - In H. Wansing (ed.), Negation: A Notion in Focus. W. De Gruyter. pp. 59--85.
  37. added 2017-02-13
    Pramanya (Validity of Knowledge).Gustav Roth - 1992 - In Gustav Roth & H. S. Prasad (eds.), Philosophy, Grammar, and Indology: Essays in Honour of Professor Gustav Roth. Sri Satguru Publications. pp. 20--143.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. added 2017-02-13
    Ethical Validity of Sonyatx.Hira Paul Oangnegi - 1989 - In Maheśa Tivārī (ed.), Perspectives on Buddhist Ethics. Sole Distributor, Eastern Book Linkers.
  39. added 2017-02-13
    The Myth of External Validity.Douglas G. Mook - 1989 - In L. Poon, David C. Rubin & B. Wilson (eds.), Everyday Cognition in Adulthood and Late Life. Cambridge University Press. pp. 25--43.
  40. added 2017-02-13
    Estimating the Incidence of Alcoholism: Validity Considerations.Lee Rocha-Silva - 1982 - Humanitas 8 (1).
  41. added 2017-02-11
    External and Internal Control in Plant Development.Beáta Oborny - 2004 - Complexity 9 (3):22-28.
  42. added 2017-02-11
    The Universities Between Their Internal and External Enemies: II. [REVIEW]John Roberts - 1994 - Minerva 32 (3):327-333.
  43. added 2017-02-11
    The Internal and External Threats to the University of the Twenty-First Century.Michael Shattock - 1992 - Minerva 30 (2):130-147.
  44. added 2017-02-11
    Uncertainty From Internal and External Sources: A Clear Case of Overconfidence.William C. Howell - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):240.
  45. added 2017-02-09
    Gigerenzer’s ‘External Validity Argument’ Against the Heuristics and Biases Program: An Assessment.Andrea Polonioli - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (2):133-148.
    Gigerenzer’s ‘external validity argument’ plays a pivotal role in his critique of the heuristics and biases research program (HB). The basic idea is that (a) the experimental contexts deployed by HB are not representative of the real environment and that (b) the differences between the setting and the real environment are causally relevant, because they result in different performances by the subjects. However, by considering Gigerenzer’s work on frequencies in probability judgments, this essay attempts to show that there are fatal (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46. added 2017-02-09
    Drawing Lessons From Case Studies by Enhancing Comparability.Attilia Ruzzene - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (1):99-120.
    External validity is typically regarded as the downside of case study research by methodologists and social scientists; case studies, however, are often aimed at drawing lessons that are generalizable to new contexts. The gap between the generalizability potential of case studies and the research goals demands closer scrutiny. I suggest that the conclusion that case study research is weak in external validity follows from a set of assumptions that I term the "traditional view," which are disputable at best. In this (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. added 2017-02-09
    Internal CSR Practices.Irina Soboleva - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:237-260.
    The paper is focused upon the relations of key inside stakeholders—managers and employees whose interests are supposed to be represented by trade unions while shaping internal CSR practices. It discusses real, perceived and desired role of TU in the process and the outcomes of internal CSR in the fields of work related security and access to social benefits. It is demonstrated that the internal social policy of corporate management pursues pragmatic goals seeking the least costly way to compete for skilled (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. added 2017-02-08
    On the Place of Validity.Robert G. Price - 1992 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 25 (4):341 - 350.
  49. added 2017-02-08
    Entrenchment and Validity.Michael A. Slote - 1974 - Analysis 34 (6):204 - 207.
  50. added 2017-02-06
    Athanasia Chalari, Approaches to the Individual: The Relationship Between Internal and External Conversation.Pekka Kuusela - 2010 - Journal of Critical Realism 9 (2):255-257.
1 — 50 / 177