Fatalism

Edited by Jonah Nagashima (University of California, Riverside)
About this topic
Summary According to fatalists, our actions are not merely determined but fated. If our actions are determined, then it is in some sense already settled how we will decide to act; if our actions are fated, then what we will do is already settled regardless of how we will decide. Most philosophers think that fatalism is a confusion and of no relevance to the free will debate, but there is a substantive problem concerning logical fatalism. A sentence concerning some future event seems to have a truth value prior to the event's occurrence, but if the sentence is to have a truth-value prior to the event's occurrence it seems that the event must be fated to occur.
Key works The problem of logical fatalism has its canonical statement in Aristotle unknown. Some solutions to the problem of foreknowledge and free will also serve as solutions to the problem of logical fatalism: for instance Ockham's distinction between hard and soft facts, where only the former concern the past alone: Ockham 1983. A much more recent argument for fatalism is Taylor 1962.
Introductions Rice 2008
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  1. added 2020-02-11
    The Fate of Man in the Modern World. Nicholas Berdyaev, Donald A. Lourie.Dorothy M. Emmet - 1936 - International Journal of Ethics 47 (1):121-122.
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  2. added 2020-02-11
    The Fallacies of Fatalism; or the Real World and the Rational Will. Charles E. Hooper.Everett W. Hall - 1931 - International Journal of Ethics 41 (4):533-534.
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  3. added 2020-02-02
    Метафизические факторы цивилизационной динамики.Алексей Владиславович Халапсис - 2008 - Dissertation, Днепропетровск
    В диссертации разработан проект становления постнеклассической метафизики и представлена концептуальная версия постнеклассической метафизики истории. Установлено, что формированию универсального языка философии будет способствовать построение ее категориального каркаса на основе конструктов, не предполагающих своего жестко определенного онтологического наполнения. Выявлен характер „работы” общества с прошлым, установлена неадекватность историческому процессу как представлений о „законах истории”, так и утверждений об отсутствии в нем объективной логике. Показана связь творчества и культуры, проанализированы причины цивилизационных кризисов и очерчены возможные пути их разрешения, обсуждаются проблемы социального прогнозирования, исследуются метафизические (...)
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  4. added 2020-01-30
    What Pessimism Is.Paul Prescott - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Research 37:337-356.
    On the standard view, pessimism is a philosophically intractable topic. Against the standard view, I hold that pessimism is a stance, or compound of attitudes, commitments and intentions. This stance is marked by certain beliefs—first and foremost, that the bad prevails over the good—which are subject to an important qualifying condition: they are always about outcomes and states of affairs in which one is personally invested. This serves to distinguish pessimism from other views with which it is routinely conflated— including (...)
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  5. added 2020-01-25
    Timelessness and Freedom.Taylor W. Cyr - forthcoming - Synthese:1-15.
    One way that philosophers have attempted to defend free will against the threat of fatalism and against the threat from divine beliefs has been to endorse timelessness views. In this paper, I argue that, in order to respond to general worries about fatalism and divine beliefs, timelessness views must appeal to the notion of dependence. Once they do this, however, their distinctive position as timelessness views becomes otiose, for the appeal to dependence, if it helps at all, would itself be (...)
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  6. added 2020-01-12
    Fatalistic Arguments.Steven Cahn - 1964 - Journal of Philosophy 61 (10):295-305.
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  7. added 2019-12-30
    A dialogue about possibilities: a philosophical discussion on determinism and possibilities / Diálogo sobre a Possibilidade: uma discussão filosófica sobre o determinismo e as possibilidades.Rodrigo Cid - 2010 - Revista da Faculdade de Letras. Série Filosofia 26:163-172.
    O objetivo deste artigo é ser uma introdução aos diversos tipos de possibilidades e mostrar o caminho que a discussão sobre a existência de possibilidades não-atuais deve seguir a partir da aceitação do determinismo. E essa discussão é relevante porque sua resposta tem bastante infl uência em nossos pensamentos e lógicas sobre as modalidades da necessidade e da possibilidade. Cumprimos tal objetivo através de um diálogo a respeito das possibilidades. Este formato de texto tem a vantagem de ser mais pedagógico (...)
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  8. added 2019-11-07
    Karma Theory, Determinism, Fatalism and Freedom of Will.Ricardo Sousa Silvestre - 2017 - Logica Universalis 11 (1):35-60.
    The so-called theory of karma is one of the distinguishing aspects of Hinduism and other non-Hindu south-Asian traditions. At the same time that the theory can be seen as closely connected with the freedom of will and action that we humans supposedly have, it has many times been said to be determinist and fatalist. The purpose of this paper is to analyze in some deepness the relations that are between the theory of karma on one side and determinism, fatalism and (...)
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  9. added 2019-10-24
    From Modal Fallacies to a New Argument for Fatalism.Pedro Merlussi - 2019 - Manuscrito 42 (3):86-107.
    Do incompatibilist arguments, like some fatalist arguments, rest on modal fallacies? If Westphal (2012) is right, then one popular argument for incompatibilism van Inwagen’s “First Formal Argument” does rest on a modal fallacy. Similarly, Warfield (2000) claims that the standard modal formulation of the master argument for incompatibilism is a modal fallacy. Here, I refute both claims. Contra Westphal, I show that the mistake in van Inwagen’s "First Formal Argument" is no modal fallacy. After that, I argue that Warfield’s charge (...)
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  10. added 2019-08-09
    From Necessity to Fate: A Fallacy.Sarah Broadie - 2001 - The Journal of Ethics 5 (1):21-37.
    Though clearly fallacious, the inference from determinism to fatalism (the ``Lazy Argument'''') has appealed to such minds as Aristotle and his disciple, Alexander of Aphrodisias. It is argued here (1) that determinism does entail a rather similar position, dubbed ``futilism''''; and (2) that distinctively Aristotelian determinism entails fatalism for any event to which it applies. The concept of ``fate'''' is examined along the way.
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  11. added 2019-08-09
    On a New Escape From Logical Determinism.Tobias Chapman - 1972 - Mind 81 (324):597-599.
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  12. added 2019-08-09
    Fate and Freedom: A Review and RejoinderFate and Freedom. Jerome Frank.R. W. Gerard - 1946 - Ethics 56 (3):219-.
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  13. added 2019-07-19
    Foreknowledge and Freedom.Trenton Merricks - 2011 - Philosophical Review 120 (4):567-586.
    The bulk of the essay “Truth and Freedom” (Philosophical Review 118 [2009]: 29–57) opposes fatalism, which is the claim that if there is a true proposition to the effect that an action A will occur, then A will not be free. But that essay also offers a new way to reconcile divine foreknowledge and human freedom. In “The Truth about Freedom: A Reply to Merricks” (Philosophical Review 120 [2011]: 97–115), John Martin Fischer and Patrick Todd raise a number of objections (...)
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  14. added 2019-07-19
    The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge.Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski - 1991 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A compelling contribution to the field, The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge will appeal to students and scholars of theistic philosophy and the philosophy ...
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  15. added 2019-07-19
    God, Freedom, and Foreknowledge.John Martin Fischer (ed.) - 1989 - Stanford, Ca: Stanford University Press.
  16. added 2019-07-19
    Fate and Freedom.Miriam Theresa Rooney - 1946 - New Scholasticism 20 (1):96-98.
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  17. added 2019-07-12
    A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought.Pavol Labuda - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (9):928-934.
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  18. added 2019-06-28
    III.—Time, Necessity, Law, Freedom, Final Cause, Design in Nature.Shadworth H. Hodgson - 1902 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 3 (1):47-79.
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    Nietzsche on Fatalism and "Free Will".Robert C. Solomon - 2002 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 23 (1):63-87.
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    Theological Fatalism Again.Paul Helm - 1974 - Philosophical Quarterly 24 (97):360.
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    Fatalism and Ability: III Fatalism and Linguistic Reform.John Turk Saunders & Alonso Church - 1962 - Analysis 23 (2):30.
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    Fatalism and Ability.Richard Taylor - 1962 - Analysis 23 (2):25-29.
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  23. added 2019-06-05
    Free Will Pessimism.Paul Russell - 2017 - In David Shoemaker (ed.), Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility, Volume 4. New York, NY, USA: pp. 93-120..
    The immediate aim of this paper is to articulate the essential features of an alternative compatibilist position, one that is responsive to sources of resistance to the compatibilist program based on considerations of fate and luck. The approach taken relies on distinguishing carefully between issues of skepticism and pessimism as they arise in this context. A compatibilism that is properly responsive to concerns about fate and luck is committed to what I describe as free will pessimism, which is to be (...)
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  24. added 2019-05-18
    Contingencies within Spacetime.Baptiste Le Bihan - 2015 - Dissertation, University of Rennes 1
    I begin by giving reasons to accept the block-universe view, the strongly supported by physics view that we live in a four-dimensional world. According to it, the past and the future are as real as the present. As a result, it seems that the future is determined in the sense that what will be the case will necessarily be the case. In the dissertation, I examine whether we have to accept this consequence. I show that we do not have to (...)
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  25. added 2019-04-29
    How is the Asymmetry Between the Open Future and the Fixed Past to Be Characterized.Vincent Grandjean - 2019 - Synthese:1-24.
    A basic intuition we have regarding the nature of time is that the future is open whereas the past is fixed. For example, whereas we think that there are things we can do to affect how the future will unfold, we think that there are not things we can do to affect how the past unfolded. However, although this intuition is largely shared, it is not a straightforward matter to determine the nature of the asymmetry it reflects. So, in this (...)
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  26. added 2019-04-05
    Free Will, Fatalism and Determinism.Martin O'hagan - 2002 - Philosophy Pathways 32.
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  27. added 2019-04-05
    Altering Fate Why the Past Does Not Predict the Future.Michael Lewis - 1997
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  28. added 2019-04-05
    Fate and Freedom.E. A. Burtt - 1946 - Philosophical Review 55 (4):475-477.
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  29. added 2019-04-05
    Free Will and Fate.William Pepperell Montague - 1943 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 24 (2):175.
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  30. added 2019-03-29
    Fate and Freedom: A Review and Rejoinder.R. W. Gerard - 1945 - Ethics 56:219.
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  31. added 2019-03-29
    Fate and Free Will, by E. M. Forster. [REVIEW]Ardaser Sorabjee N. Wadia - 1917 - Ethics 28:284.
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  32. added 2019-03-09
    Jan Łukasiewicz: Écrits Logiques Et Philosophiques.Fabien Schang & Sébastien Richard - 2013 - Paris, France: Vrin.
    Avec Kazimierz Twardowski, Stanisław Leśniewski et Alfred Tarski, le logicien et philosophe polonais Jan Łukasiewicz est l’un des membres les plus importants de l’École de Lvov-Varsovie.Célèbre pour ses ouvrages consacrés à Aristote, notamment sur le principe de non-contradiction et sur la syllogistique, il a également publié des articles majeurs sur la logique propositionnelle, la logique modale, l’intuitionnisme et les logiques multivalentes, dont il fut l’un des fondateurs. Enfin, il a contribué à faire reconnaître l’importance des travaux en logique de l’école (...)
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  33. added 2019-03-08
    A Blast From The Past.Kristie Miller - 2017 - The Philosophers' Magazine 77:82-86.
    That we find the idea of travelling in time, and in particular travelling backwards in time, fascinating, is evidenced by the plethora of new science fictions shows depicting time travel that hit our TV screens in 2016. I love time travel shows, and I can hardly keep up. In almost all cases these shows depict what philosophers call inconsistent time travel stories: stories that commit what my colleague Nick Smith (The University of Sydney) calls the second time around fallacy. These (...)
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  34. added 2019-03-01
    A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought.Christopher Gill - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (6):797-798.
  35. added 2019-02-22
    Fatalism, Determinism, and Indeterminism.Newton P. Stallknecht - 1937 - International Journal of Ethics 47 (2):231-233.
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  36. added 2019-02-22
    Fatalism, Determinism, and Indeterminism.Newton P. Stallknecht - 1936 - Ethics 47 (2):231.
  37. added 2019-02-22
    Fate and Free Will. Ardaser Sorabjee N. Wadia.E. M. Forster - 1918 - International Journal of Ethics 28 (2):284-286.
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  38. added 2019-02-07
    Free Will.Derk Pereboom (ed.) - 2009 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    A unique anthology featuring contributions to the dispute over free will from Aristotle to the twenty-first century, Derk Pereboom's volume presents the most thoughtful positions taken in this crucial debate and discusses their consequences for free will's traditional corollary, moral responsibility. The Second Edition retains the organizational structure that made its predecessor the leading anthology of its kind, while adding major new selections by such philosophers as Spinoza, Reid, John Martin Fischer, Robert Kane, Galen Strawson, and Timothy O'Connor. _Hackett Readings (...)
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  39. added 2018-10-14
    Fatalism and Future Contingents.Giacomo Andreoletti - 2019 - Analytic Philosophy 60 (3):1-14.
    In this paper I address issues related to the problem of future contingents and the metaphysical doctrine of fatalism. Two classical responses to the problem of future contingents are the third truth value view and the all-false view. According to the former, future contingents take a third truth value which goes beyond truth and falsity. According to the latter, they are all false. I here illustrate and discuss two ways to respectively argue for those two views. Both ways are similar (...)
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  40. added 2018-08-04
    The Problem of Free Will and Determinism: An Abductive Approach.Kristin M. Mickelson - 2019 - Social Philosophy and Policy 36 (1):154-172.
    This essay begins by dividing the traditional problem of free will and determinism into a “correlation” problem and an “explanation” problem. I then focus on the explanation problem, and argue that a standard form of abductive (i.e. inference to the best-explanation) reasoning may be useful in solving it. To demonstrate the fruitfulness of the abductive approach, I apply it to three standard accounts of free will. While each account implies the same solution to the correlation problem, each implies a unique (...)
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  41. added 2018-03-25
    The Truth About Osmo.E. J. M. Marques - 2017 - Logic and Philosophy of Time: Themes From Prior, Volume 1.
    (...)
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  42. added 2018-02-21
    Time and Tense: Unifying the Old and the New.Stamatios Gerogiorgakis - 2016 - Munich: Philosophia.
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  43. added 2018-02-16
    No Heartbreak at Hilbert's Hotel: A Reply to Landon Hedrick.Andrew Loke - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (1):47-50.
    In his article, , Landon Hedrick argues that the (HHA) proposed by William Lane Craig is ineffective against proponents of presentism, who include Craig himself. I show that there is no heartbreak if the Hotel and persons are constructed and generated in a certain way: there exists a and a , they have been building hotel rooms and generating customers at regular time intervals as long as time exists, and the hotel rooms and customers have continued existing after they have (...)
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  44. added 2017-04-05
    Fischer's Fate With Fatalism.Christoph Jäger - forthcoming - European Journal for the Philosophy of Religion 9 (2017).
    John Martin Fischer’s core project in Our Fate (2016) is to develop and defend Pike-style arguments for theological incompatibilism, i. e., for the view that divine omniscience is incompatible with human free will. Against Ockhamist attacks on such arguments, Fischer maintains that divine forebeliefs constitute so-called hard facts about the times at which they occur, or at least facts with hard ‘kernel elements’. I reconstruct Fischer’s argument and outline its structural analogies with an argument for logical fatalism. I then point (...)
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  45. added 2017-03-20
    Toward a Demarcation of Forms of Determinism.Vladimir Marko - 2017 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 24 (1):54-84.
    In the current philosophical literature, determinism is rarely defined explicitly. This paper attempts to show that there are in fact many forms of determinism, most of which are familiar, and that these can be differentiated according to their particular components. Recognizing the composite character of determinism is thus central to demarcating its various forms.
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  46. added 2017-03-15
    On Behalf of a Mutable Future.Patrick Todd - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2077-2095.
    Everyone agrees that we can’t change the past. But what about the future? Though the thought that we can change the future is familiar from popular discourse, it enjoys virtually no support from philosophers, contemporary or otherwise. In this paper, I argue that the thesis that the future is mutable has far more going for it than anyone has yet realized. The view, I hope to show, gains support from the nature of prevention, can provide a new way of responding (...)
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  47. added 2017-02-15
    Freedom and the Self: Essays on the Philosophy of David Foster Wallace.Steven M. Cahn & Maureen Eckert (eds.) - 2015 - Columbia University Press.
    The book_ Fate, Time, and Language: An Essay on Free Will_, published in 2010 by Columbia University Press, presented David Foster Wallace's challenge to Richard Taylor's argument for fatalism. In this anthology, notable philosophers engage directly with that work and assess Wallace's reply to Taylor as well as other aspects of Wallace's thought. With an introduction by Steven M. Cahn and Maureen Eckert, this collection includes essays by William Hasker, Gila Sher, Marcello Oreste Fiocco, Daniel R. Kelly, Nathan Ballantyne, Justin (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-14
    The Problem of Fate.G. Simmel - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (7-8):78-84.
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  49. added 2017-02-14
    Leadership Fatalism and Underdevelopment in Nigeria: Imaginative Policymaking for Human Development.Chikwendu Christian Ukaegbu - 2007 - Philosophia Africana 10 (2):161-182.
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  50. added 2017-02-14
    When the Norns Have Spoken.Anthony Winterbourne - 2004 - Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.
    This book argues that within Germanic paganism, considered not as mere cult but as a system of beliefs, it is possible to identify a conceptually coherent understanding of fate which detaches that idea from time, and connects it instead with an implicit theses about the nature of truth as written. Germanic cosmogony, as represented in such precise images as a world-tree, provides a context for an analysis of specific metaphors for the workings of fate as woven or spun by such (...)
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