About this topic

Félix Guattari (1930-1992) was a French psychoanalyst, philosopher and political activist. Trained as a psychoanalyst under Jacques Lacan, he worked at the experimental psychiatric clinic La Borde (1955-1992). Founded by Jean Oury in 1953, La Borde became a space for institutional experimentation, connected to institutional psychotherapy, aiming to create forms of psychiatric care that undermined patient/analyst hierarchies, involved patients in the organization of daily life in the facility (from cooking to cultural activities) and encouraged transversal group-therapeutic activity. Already in “Machine et structure” (1972) Guattari began to question the Lacanian dictum of the individual unconscious operating like a language and substituted machinic desire, group-subject and semiotics for the idea of a transcendental signifier. He developed schizoanalysis (also in his collaborations with Gilles Deleuze) and ecosophy as alternative practices of analysis and theory of subjectivity. He founded the review Recherches (1967-1983), connected to the Center for Institutional Study, Research, and Training (CERFI, 1965-1987), both of which combined transversal group work with research, knowledge production and political activism. In the aftermath of the 1968-protests, Guattari met Gilles Deleuze and their intellectual friendship led to several collaborative publications and lasted until Guattari’s sudden death in 1992. Throughout his career, Guattari sustained a profound commitment to experimental revisions of analytic practice and to political activism. He collaborated, among others and in different contexts, with the Italian autonomy movement, free radio broadcasting (Radio Alice), Antonio Negri (Communists Like Us (1985, engl. 1990)) and Brazilian psychoanalyst Suley Rolnik on micropolitics (Molecular Revolution in Brazil (1986, engl. 2008)).

Key works

Guattari is often primarily associated with his collaborative works with Gilles Deleuze, most notably the two-volumes of Capitalism and Schizophrenia: Anti-Oedipus (1972, Deleuze & Guattari 1983) and A Thousand Plateaus (1980, Deleuze 1987), the book on Kafka (Kafka: Towards a Minor Literature (1975)), and their last collaboration What is Philosophy? (Deleuze & Guattari 1991). For both Guattari and Deleuze, this collaboration was extremely fruitful for the development of their own thought. Next to these productive collaborations, Guattari authored a substantial series of works preceding and running parallel to his work with Deleuze. Main titles are Psychoanalysis and Transversality (1972, engl. 2015), Molecular Revolution: Psychiatry and Politics (1977, engl. 1984), The Machinic Unconsious (1979, Guattari 2010), Schizoanalytic Cartographies (1989, Guattari 2012), The Three Ecologies (1989, Guattari 2000) and Chaosmosis: an Ethico-Aesthetic Paradigm (1992, engl. 1995). Of interest is also the recent publication of his science-fiction film script Un Amour d'UIQ. Scénario pour un film qui manque (2012).


Félix Guattari: A Critical Introduction (Genosko 2009) is a good introduction to Guattari’s thought, Charles Stivale's The 'Two-Fold' Thought of Deleuze and Guattari: Intersections and Animations (1998) is a good introduction to the intertwined thought of Guattari and Deleuze, and Franco Berardi Bifo’s Felix Guattari: Thought, Friendship, and Visionary Cartography (2008) the personal account of a political friend, giving insight into Guattari’s political activism.

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  1. Antonin Artaud e la scrittura del reale. Glossolalie e disegni per un linguaggio analfabetico.Fabio Vergine - 2018 - Elephant and Castle. Laboratorio Dell'immaginario 1 (18).
    During the last ten years of his life, Antonin Artaud shows more and more intensively a multi-faceted and caustic refusal for traditional literature and the ordinary practice of writing. But above all, he shows a stylistic impatience for the alphabetic use of the word and the language. By the intention of creating an inhuman language, which could be understood also by the illiterate people, Artaud wants to undermine the significant use of the word, so that he can achieve a non-representative (...)
  2. Un tempo oltre la storia: inconscio, après-coup e genealogia in psicoanalisi.Fabio Vergine - 2017 - L'inconscio. Rivista Italiana di Filosofia E Psicoanalisi 2018 (4):161-185.
    To the origin of psychoanalysis, in the thought of his founder, Sigmund Freud, the unconscious is properly timeless. In this work we will analyze the concept of Real in Jacques Lacan's thought, and at the same time we will try to understand the functioning of après-coup temporality on the relationship between the time of trauma and the time of symptom. Doing this, we will try to answer an essential question: if the concept of Real is the key concept of last (...)
  3. Kafka and Deleuze/Guattari: Towards a Creative Critical Writing Practice.Ola Ståhl - 2016 - Theory, Culture and Society 33 (7-8):221-235.
  4. RESEÑA de : Martínez, Francisco José. Hacia Una Era Postmediática : Ontología, Políticay Ecología En la Obra de Félix Guattari. Barcelona : Montesinos, 2008.Amanda Núñez García - 2010 - Endoxa 25:425.
  5. Deleuze and Guattari's 'What is Philosohpy'.Rex Butler - unknown
  6. Deleuze and Guattari’s Philosophy of History.Alain Beaulieu, Fadi Abou-Rihan & Eugene Holland - 2008 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 12 (2):147-165.
  7. Nomadology: The War Machine.Brian Massumi (ed.) - 1986 - Semiotext(E).
    In this daring essay inspired by Nietzsche, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari redefine the relation between the state and its war machine. Far from being a part of the state, warriers are nomads who always come from the outside and keep threatening the authority of the state. In the same vein, nomadic science keeps infiltrating royal science, undermining its axioms and principles. Nomadology is a speedy, pocket-sized treatise that refuses to be pinned down. Theorizing a dynamic relationship between sedentary power (...)
  8. Soft Subversions: Texts and Interviews 1977--1985.Sylvère Lotringer, Chet Wiener & Emily Wittman (eds.) - 2009 - Semiotext(E).
    This new edition of Soft Subversions expands, reorganizes, and develops the original 1996 publication, offering a carefully organized arrangement of essays, interviews, and short texts that present a fuller scope to Guattari's thinking from 1977 to 1985. This period encompasses what Guattari himself called the "Winter Years" of the early 1980s--the ascent of the Right, the spread of environmental catastrophe, the rise of a disillusioned youth with diminished prospects for career and future, and the establishment of a postmodernist ideology that (...)
  9. The Anti-ŒDipus Papers.Stéphane Nadaud & Kélina Gotman (eds.) - 2006 - Semiotext(E).
    "The unconscious is not a theatre, but a factory," wrote Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in Anti-Oedipus, instigating one of the most daring intellectual adventures of the last half-century. Together, the well-known philosopher and the activist-psychiatrist were updating both psychoanalysis and Marxism in light of a more radical and "constructivist" vision of capitalism: "Capitalism is the exterior limit of all societies because it has no exterior limit itself. It works well as long as it keeps breaking down."Few people at the (...)
  10. Cartographies of Subjectification.Jamie D. Brassett - unknown
    The project of this thesis is multi-faceted. Starting with an examination of Kant's First Critique, it outlines the inextricable linkage between our understanding of subjectivity and a notion of space. Once such a connection has neen made, it describes the approach necessary to reorient the notions of space and subjectivity that have culminated in the postmodern cry that The Subject is Dead. This approach is named, "Cartography" and is borne out of an examination of the works of Bachelard, Deleuze and (...)
  11. Deleuze, Darwin and the Categorisation of Life.Nathan Eckstrand - 2014 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 8 (4):415-444.
    The paper looks at Deleuze's metaphysics and compares it to recent developments in biology and the metaphysical implications they have.
  12. The Fate of Place a Philosophical History.Edward Casey - 1997 - University of California Press.
    In this imaginative and comprehensive study, Edward Casey, one of the most incisive interpreters of the Continental philosophical tradition, offers a philosophical history of the evolving conceptualizations of place and space in Western thought. Not merely a presentation of the ideas of other philosophers, _The Fate of Place_ is acutely sensitive to silences, absences, and missed opportunities in the complex history of philosophical approaches to space and place. A central theme is the increasing neglect of place in favor of space (...)
  13. Conceptualizing the State in The Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia.María Pagotto - 2014 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 21:85-103.
    The paper analyzes key aspects of the conception of The State in The Anti-Oedipus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia , in particular the developments offered in Chapter Three: "Savages, Barbarians, Civilized". The innovative idea of the State arises from an elliptical, discontinuous, jumbling and polyphonic game with Karl Marx based on his notion of Asiatic Mode of Production; with Friedrich Nietzsche based on his concept of origin and domestication; and with Sigmund Freud based on his notion of latency. The central categories for (...)
  14. Soft Subversions: Texts and Interviews 1977-1985. [REVIEW]Maxwell Kennel - 2012 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 16 (1):270-272.
  15. La lingua e l'animale. Politiche della letteratura in Deleuze.Paolo Vignola - forthcoming - Bollettino Telematico di Filosofia Politica.
    Esiste un rapporto profondo e continuativo fra il pensiero di Gilles Deleuze e la letteratura. Non solo non è possibile comprendere la prospettiva filosofica deleuziana senza fare riferimento alle opere di Proust, Kafka e Melville, ma, soprattutto, l’intreccio costruttivo tra la filosofia e la letteratura – e l’arte in generale – è una delle tesi di fondo di "Che cos’è la filosofia?", il testo scritto con Guattari che descrive il ruolo del pensiero filosofico in quanto creatore di concetti, che necessità (...)
  16. Book Reviews : Stephen R. Covey, Principle-Centred Leader Ship. London: Simon and Schuster Ltd., 1992, Pp. 326, £8.99.S. Mukherjee - 1995 - Journal of Human Values 1 (1):141-143.
  17. Oedipus: The Most Crucial Concept in Psychoanalysis.Juan-David Nasio - 2010 - State University of New York Press.
    First English translation of Nasio's groundbreaking work on the Oedipus complex.
  18. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia.T. A. Kupers - 1978 - Télos 1978 (37):242-248.
  19. Machinic Vision.John Johnston - 1999 - Critical Inquiry 26 (1):27-48.
  20. Technopoetics: Seeing What Literature Has to Do with the Machine.Strother B. Purdy - 1984 - Critical Inquiry 11 (1):130-140.
    What I refer to is how our thought in inventing, designing, modifying, and using machines carries over into acts we do not consciously associate with them—like writing or reading poetry. An airplane in flight may be “pure poetry,” or a Ferrari “a poem in steel”; it intrigues me to consider that beneath such object comparisons an object-of-thought connection may be made. Or in other words, there may be really something to a hackneyed compliment like “poem in steel.” My preference for (...)
  21. Mutações na prática crítica.Fábio Akcelrud Durão - 2005 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 10 (1).
    O presente texto investiga recentes modificações na prática da crítica filosófica. Em sua parte inicial, delineia rapidamente as principais determinações do conceito de crítica, bem como estabelece a ligação entre crítica e crise. Isto é seguido por uma descrição da prática crítica de T.W. Adorno, na qual são apontadas: a) a valorização da leitura micrológica em um contexto de precarização do conceito de totalidade; b) a problematização de uma linearidade temporal por meio da imbricação entre história e natureza; c) a (...)
  22. Kłącze.Gilles Deleuze & Felix Guattari - 1988 - Colloquia Communia 36 (1-3):221-238.
  23. Félix Ravaisson, Of Habit. [REVIEW]Kristin Anne Rodier - 2011 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 15 (2):237-240.
Guattari: Philosophy of Ecology
  1. Two Versions of Ecosophy.Simon Levesque - 2016 - Sign Systems Studies 44 (4):511-541.
    This paper adopts a comparative approach in order to appreciate the distinct contributions of Arne Nass and Felix Guattari to ecosophy and their respective connections to semiotics. The foundational holistic worldview and dynamics ecosophy propounds show numerous connections with semiotics. The primary objective of this paper is to question the nature and value of these connections. Historically, the development of ecosophy was always faced with modelling and communication issues, which constitute an obvious common ground shared with semiotics. As a means (...)
  2. Deleuze/Guattari and Ecology. [REVIEW]John Tinnell - 2010 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 4 (1):145-151.
  3. Arne Naess: Ecology, Community and Lifestyle: Outline of an Ecosophy. [REVIEW]Jim Cheney - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (3):263-273.
  4. Félix Guattari et l’écologie de la dévastation.Nicolas Prignot - 2016 - Rue Descartes 88 (1):138.
  5. Géophilosophie de Deleuze et Guattari.Pierre-Antoine Chardel - 2004 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 8 (3):694-698.
  6. 'Antiglobalization' and Guattari's the Three Ecologies.M. A. Peters - unknown
  7. Deleuze, Haraway, and the Radical Democracy of Desire.Robert Leston - 2015 - Configurations: A Journal of Literature, Society, and Technology 23 (3):355-376.
    In response to suggestions that Deleuze and Guattari are the “enemy” of companion species, this essay explores the tension between Donna Haraway’s attacks against Deleuze and Guattari and their philosophy of becoming animal. The essay goes on to contextualize Deleuze and Guattari’s statements against pet-owners through a discussion of the psychoanalytical refiguration of desire and shows how their ostensible attack against pet owners fits into their larger critique against capitalism. The essay illustrates why Deleuze and Guattari and Haraway are more (...)
  8. Aphorismes Sur l'Éco-Design.Félix Guattari - 2013 - Multitudes 53 (2):214.
  9. Art as Abstract Machine: Ontology and Aesthetics in Deleuze and Guattari.Stephen Zepke - 2005 - Routledge.
  10. Enlightened Self-Interest: In Search of the Ecological Self (A Synthesis of Stoicism and Ecosophy).Bartlomiej Lenart - 2010 - Praxis 2 (2):26-44.
    Arne Neass’ Ecosophy and the Stoic attitude towards environmental ethics are often believed to be incompatible primarily because the first is often understood as championing an ecocentric standpoint while the latter espouses an egocentric (as well as an anthropocentric) view. This paper argues that such incompatibility is rooted in a misunderstanding of both Ecosophy and Stoicism. Moreover, the paper argues that a synthesis of both the Ecosophical and Stoic approaches to environmental concerns results in a robust and satisfying attitude toward (...)
  11. A Specter Is Haunting Germany—the French Specter of Milieu : On the Nomadicity and Nationality of Cultural Vocabularies.Wolf Feuerhahn - 2014 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 9 (2):33-50.
    Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari, and Isabelle Stengers fought against a state-controlled form of science and saw “nomadic science/concepts” as a way to escape from it. The transnational history of the term milieu marks a good opportunity to contribute to another theory of nomadic vocabularies. Traveling from France to Germany, the word milieu came to be identified as a French theory. Milieu was seen as an expression of determinism, of the connection between the rise of the natural sciences and the rise (...)
  12. Soft Subversions.Félix Guattari & Sylvère Lotringer - 1996
  13. The Guattari Reader.Félix Guattari & Gary Genosko - 1996
  14. Place and Movement: A Philosophy of Rhetoric.Michael Thomas Levan - 2001 - Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
    The themes in this dissertation arise from three sources: phenomenological research exploring the phenomena of place and implacement, the placial philosophy of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, and the recent explosion of placial metaphors in research devoted to rhetorical theory and criticism. My goal is to mine the discoveries of each of these sources in order to better understand how each are interrelated. In essence, I develop a "trialogue" among these rich research programs. The overlapping commonalities of my discoveries come (...)
  15. The Ontological-Epistemological Becoming Founded on Thinking.Diego Nigro - 1999 - Dissertation, York University (Canada)
    Being and becoming are often considered to be mutually exclusive: being is fixed and becoming implies change The impact of such an understanding can still be felt today: the philosophy of becoming by Deleuze-Guattari like the one of Nietzsche is a reaction to a fixed being; and the ongoing discourse on pluralism and essentialism is also tainted by this dichotomy. I maintain that the two are not mutually exclusive: becoming expresses being and the manifold nature of being is expressed by (...)
  16. Martínez José Francisco. Toward An Era Postmediática. Ontology, Politics And Ecology In The Work Of Felix Guattari. [REVIEW]Amanda Garcia - 2010 - Endoxa 25:425-432.
  17. Die Drei Ökologien.Félix Guattari & Peter Engelmann - 1994
  18. Francisco José Martínez: Hacia una era post-mediática. Ontología, política y ecología en la obra de F. Guattari. [REVIEW]Juan Estragués - 2009 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 46:227-229.
  19. Subjetividades contemporáneas: Un acercamiento estético y político a Félix Guattari.Mario Gil Claros - 2011 - A Parte Rei 75.
  20. Deleuze and Guattari: New Mappings in Politics, Philosophy, and Culture.Eleanor Kaufman & Kevin Jon Heller - 1998 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    The essays in this collection, written by prominent scholars, offer a new approach to their work.
  21. Heidegger, Guattari and Ontology: Grounding Subjectivity.Alexander Cooke - unknown
  22. Three Concepts for Crossing the Nature-Artifice Divide: Technology, Milieu, and Machine.Marco Altamirano - 2014 - Foucault Studies 17:11-35.
    The distinction between nature and artifice has been definitive for Western conceptions of the role of humans within their natural environment. But the human must already be separated from nature in order to distinguish between nature and artifice. This separation, in turn, facilitates a classification of knowledge in general, typically cast in terms of a hierarchy of sciences that ascends from the natural sciences to the social (or human) sciences. However, this hierarchy considers nature as a substantial foundation upon which (...)
  23. Haraway Contra Deleuze and Guattari: The Question of the Animals.L. Williams - unknown
    This article is essentially a brief reflection on time in the context of Donna Haraway's recent work When Species Meet (2008), and in particular her rejection of Deleuze and Guattari's notion of 'becoming animal' in their A Thousand Plateaus Capitalism and Schizophrenia (1987). The exception Haraway takes to Deleuze and Guattari's approach to human-animal relations is considered as indicative of wider fissures in contemporary critical theory that have failed to respond to the global crisis of the sixth earth extinction event. (...)
  24. Guattari's Ecosophy and Implications for Pedagogy.Heather Greenhalgh‐Spencer - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 48 (2):323-338.
    Guattari's ecosophy has implications for many types of pedagogy practiced in the school. While Guattari never explicitly advocated the educational use of ecosophy, I explore in this article how it can be used as a lens to ‘read’ pedagogy in nuanced ways, highlighting oppressive premises and practices. I first discuss Guattari's ecosophy, defining key terms and advocating ecosophy as a philosophy that calls attention to the interactions and ‘parts’ of assemblages of existence—a philosophy radical and encompassing enough to make intelligible (...)
  25. Starting Over.L. Blackman - 2009 - Theory, Culture and Society 26 (1):134-143.
    This review article explores the politics of hope and optimism made possible by a re-thinking of touch as a movement towards the not-yet-known, embodied through an engagement with the improvisational character of Argentine tango. Tango discloses the relational and enactive qualities of corporeality, moving us to ask not what bodies are, but rather what can bodies do; what can bodies become? The article engages with the moves to a Spinozist conception of affect developed by Massumi and Deleuze and Guattari, to (...)
  26. Review of 'The Signature of the World: What is Deleuze and Guattari's Philosophy?'By Eric Alliez. [REVIEW]J. Protevi - forthcoming - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  27. Eric Alliez, The Signature of the World: What is Deleuze and Guattari's Philosophy?K. Houle - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (6):84.
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