About this topic

Félix Guattari (1930-1992) was a French psychoanalyst, philosopher and political activist. Trained as a psychoanalyst under Jacques Lacan, he worked at the experimental psychiatric clinic La Borde (1955-1992). Founded by Jean Oury in 1953, La Borde became a space for institutional experimentation, connected to institutional psychotherapy, aiming to create forms of psychiatric care that undermined patient/analyst hierarchies, involved patients in the organization of daily life in the facility (from cooking to cultural activities) and encouraged transversal group-therapeutic activity. Already in “Machine et structure” (1972) Guattari began to question the Lacanian dictum of the individual unconscious operating like a language and substituted machinic desire, group-subject and semiotics for the idea of a transcendental signifier. He developed schizoanalysis (also in his collaborations with Gilles Deleuze) and ecosophy as alternative practices of analysis and theory of subjectivity. He founded the review Recherches (1967-1983), connected to the Center for Institutional Study, Research, and Training (CERFI, 1965-1987), both of which combined transversal group work with research, knowledge production and political activism. In the aftermath of the 1968-protests, Guattari met Gilles Deleuze and their intellectual friendship led to several collaborative publications and lasted until Guattari’s sudden death in 1992. Throughout his career, Guattari sustained a profound commitment to experimental revisions of analytic practice and to political activism. He collaborated, among others and in different contexts, with the Italian autonomy movement, free radio broadcasting (Radio Alice), Antonio Negri (Communists Like Us (1985, engl. 1990)) and Brazilian psychoanalyst Suley Rolnik on micropolitics (Molecular Revolution in Brazil (1986, engl. 2008)).

Key works

Guattari is often primarily associated with his collaborative works with Gilles Deleuze, most notably the two-volumes of Capitalism and Schizophrenia: Anti-Oedipus (1972, Deleuze & Guattari 1983) and A Thousand Plateaus (1980, Deleuze 1987), the book on Kafka (Kafka: Towards a Minor Literature (1975)), and their last collaboration What is Philosophy? (Deleuze & Guattari 1991). For both Guattari and Deleuze, this collaboration was extremely fruitful for the development of their own thought. Next to these productive collaborations, Guattari authored a substantial series of works preceding and running parallel to his work with Deleuze. Main titles are Psychoanalysis and Transversality (1972, engl. 2015), Molecular Revolution: Psychiatry and Politics (1977, engl. 1984), The Machinic Unconsious (1979, Guattari 2010), Schizoanalytic Cartographies (1989, Guattari 2012), The Three Ecologies (1989, Guattari 2000) and Chaosmosis: an Ethico-Aesthetic Paradigm (1992, engl. 1995). Of interest is also the recent publication of his science-fiction film script Un Amour d'UIQ. Scénario pour un film qui manque (2012).


Félix Guattari: A Critical Introduction (Genosko 2009) is a good introduction to Guattari’s thought, Charles Stivale's The 'Two-Fold' Thought of Deleuze and Guattari: Intersections and Animations (1998) is a good introduction to the intertwined thought of Guattari and Deleuze, and Franco Berardi Bifo’s Felix Guattari: Thought, Friendship, and Visionary Cartography (2008) the personal account of a political friend, giving insight into Guattari’s political activism.

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  1. Deleuze and Guattari’s Philosophy of History.Alain Beaulieu, Fadi Abou-Rihan & Eugene Holland - 2008 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 12 (2):147-165.
  2. Cartographies of Subjectification.Jamie D. Brassett - unknown
    The project of this thesis is multi-faceted. Starting with an examination of Kant's First Critique, it outlines the inextricable linkage between our understanding of subjectivity and a notion of space. Once such a connection has neen made, it describes the approach necessary to reorient the notions of space and subjectivity that have culminated in the postmodern cry that The Subject is Dead. This approach is named, "Cartography" and is borne out of an examination of the works of Bachelard, Deleuze and (...)
  3. Deleuze and Guattari's 'What is Philosohpy'.Rex Butler - unknown
  4. The Fate of Place a Philosophical History.Edward Casey - 1997 - University of California Press.
    In this imaginative and comprehensive study, Edward Casey, one of the most incisive interpreters of the Continental philosophical tradition, offers a philosophical history of the evolving conceptualizations of place and space in Western thought. Not merely a presentation of the ideas of other philosophers, _The Fate of Place_ is acutely sensitive to silences, absences, and missed opportunities in the complex history of philosophical approaches to space and place. A central theme is the increasing neglect of place in favor of space (...)
  5. Kłącze.Gilles Deleuze & Felix Guattari - 1988 - Colloquia Communia 36 (1-3):221-238.
  6. Mutações na prática crítica.Fábio Akcelrud Durão - 2005 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 10 (1).
    O presente texto investiga recentes modificações na prática da crítica filosófica. Em sua parte inicial, delineia rapidamente as principais determinações do conceito de crítica, bem como estabelece a ligação entre crítica e crise. Isto é seguido por uma descrição da prática crítica de T.W. Adorno, na qual são apontadas: a) a valorização da leitura micrológica em um contexto de precarização do conceito de totalidade; b) a problematização de uma linearidade temporal por meio da imbricação entre história e natureza; c) a (...)
  7. Deleuze, Darwin and the Categorisation of Life.Nathan Eckstrand - 2014 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 8 (4):415-444.
    The paper looks at Deleuze's metaphysics and compares it to recent developments in biology and the metaphysical implications they have.
  8. Machinic Vision.John Johnston - 1999 - Critical Inquiry 26 (1):27-48.
  9. Soft Subversions: Texts and Interviews 1977-1985. [REVIEW]Maxwell Kennel - 2012 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 16 (1):270-272.
  10. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia.T. A. Kupers - 1978 - Télos 1978 (37):242-248.
  11. Soft Subversions: Texts and Interviews 1977--1985.Sylvère Lotringer, Chet Wiener & Emily Wittman (eds.) - 2009 - Semiotext(E).
    This new edition of Soft Subversions expands, reorganizes, and develops the original 1996 publication, offering a carefully organized arrangement of essays, interviews, and short texts that present a fuller scope to Guattari's thinking from 1977 to 1985. This period encompasses what Guattari himself called the "Winter Years" of the early 1980s--the ascent of the Right, the spread of environmental catastrophe, the rise of a disillusioned youth with diminished prospects for career and future, and the establishment of a postmodernist ideology that (...)
  12. Nomadology: The War Machine.Brian Massumi (ed.) - 1986 - Semiotext(E).
    In this daring essay inspired by Nietzsche, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari redefine the relation between the state and its war machine. Far from being a part of the state, warriers are nomads who always come from the outside and keep threatening the authority of the state. In the same vein, nomadic science keeps infiltrating royal science, undermining its axioms and principles. Nomadology is a speedy, pocket-sized treatise that refuses to be pinned down. Theorizing a dynamic relationship between sedentary power (...)
  13. Book Reviews : Stephen R. Covey, Principle-Centred Leader Ship. London: Simon and Schuster Ltd., 1992, Pp. 326, £8.99.S. Mukherjee - 1995 - Journal of Human Values 1 (1):141-143.
  14. The Anti-ŒDipus Papers.Stéphane Nadaud & Kélina Gotman (eds.) - 2006 - Semiotext(E).
    "The unconscious is not a theatre, but a factory," wrote Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in Anti-Oedipus, instigating one of the most daring intellectual adventures of the last half-century. Together, the well-known philosopher and the activist-psychiatrist were updating both psychoanalysis and Marxism in light of a more radical and "constructivist" vision of capitalism: "Capitalism is the exterior limit of all societies because it has no exterior limit itself. It works well as long as it keeps breaking down."Few people at the (...)
  15. Oedipus: The Most Crucial Concept in Psychoanalysis.Juan-David Nasio - 2010 - State University of New York Press.
    First English translation of Nasio's groundbreaking work on the Oedipus complex.
  16. RESEÑA de : Martínez, Francisco José. Hacia Una Era Postmediática : Ontología, Políticay Ecología En la Obra de Félix Guattari. Barcelona : Montesinos, 2008.Amanda Núñez García - 2010 - Endoxa 25:425.
  17. Conceptualizing the State in The Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia.María Pagotto - 2014 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 21:85-103.
    The paper analyzes key aspects of the conception of The State in The Anti-Oedipus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia , in particular the developments offered in Chapter Three: "Savages, Barbarians, Civilized". The innovative idea of the State arises from an elliptical, discontinuous, jumbling and polyphonic game with Karl Marx based on his notion of Asiatic Mode of Production; with Friedrich Nietzsche based on his concept of origin and domestication; and with Sigmund Freud based on his notion of latency. The central categories for (...)
  18. Technopoetics: Seeing What Literature Has to Do with the Machine.Strother B. Purdy - 1984 - Critical Inquiry 11 (1):130-140.
    What I refer to is how our thought in inventing, designing, modifying, and using machines carries over into acts we do not consciously associate with them—like writing or reading poetry. An airplane in flight may be “pure poetry,” or a Ferrari “a poem in steel”; it intrigues me to consider that beneath such object comparisons an object-of-thought connection may be made. Or in other words, there may be really something to a hackneyed compliment like “poem in steel.” My preference for (...)
  19. Félix Ravaisson, Of Habit. [REVIEW]Kristin Anne Rodier - 2011 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 15 (2):237-240.
  20. Kafka and Deleuze/Guattari: Towards a Creative Critical Writing Practice.Ola Ståhl - 2016 - Theory, Culture and Society 33 (7-8):221-235.
  21. Un tempo oltre la storia: inconscio, après-coup e genealogia in psicoanalisi.Fabio Vergine - 2017 - L'inconscio. Rivista Italiana di Filosofia E Psicoanalisi 2018 (4):161-185.
    To the origin of psychoanalysis, in the thought of his founder, Sigmund Freud, the unconscious is properly timeless. In this work we will analyze the concept of Real in Jacques Lacan's thought, and at the same time we will try to understand the functioning of après-coup temporality on the relationship between the time of trauma and the time of symptom. Doing this, we will try to answer an essential question: if the concept of Real is the key concept of last (...)
  22. La lingua e l'animale. Politiche della letteratura in Deleuze.Paolo Vignola - forthcoming - Bollettino Telematico di Filosofia Politica.
    Esiste un rapporto profondo e continuativo fra il pensiero di Gilles Deleuze e la letteratura. Non solo non è possibile comprendere la prospettiva filosofica deleuziana senza fare riferimento alle opere di Proust, Kafka e Melville, ma, soprattutto, l’intreccio costruttivo tra la filosofia e la letteratura – e l’arte in generale – è una delle tesi di fondo di "Che cos’è la filosofia?", il testo scritto con Guattari che descrive il ruolo del pensiero filosofico in quanto creatore di concetti, che necessità (...)
Guattari: Philosophy of Ecology
  1. Intensive Landscaping.Yves Abrioux - 2009 - In Bernd Herzogenrath (ed.), Deleuze/Guattari & Ecology. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 251--65.
  2. Ontology of the Diagram and Biopolitics of Philosophy. A Research Programme on Transdisciplinarity.Éric Alliez - 2013 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 7 (2):217-230.
    In this article, the diagram is used to chart the movement from Deleuze's transcendental empiricism and engagement with structuralism in the 1960s to Deleuze and Guattari's ethico-aesthetic constructivism of the 1970s and 1980s. This is shown to culminate in a biopolitical critique and decoding of philosophy, which is part of the unfolding of a transdisciplinary research programme where art is seen to come ontologically ahead of philosophy.
  3. L'effet-guattari.Éric Alliez & Anne Querrien - 2008 - Multitudes 34 (3):22.
  4. Three Concepts for Crossing the Nature-Artifice Divide: Technology, Milieu, and Machine.Marco Altamirano - 2014 - Foucault Studies 17:11-35.
    The distinction between nature and artifice has been definitive for Western conceptions of the role of humans within their natural environment. But the human must already be separated from nature in order to distinguish between nature and artifice. This separation, in turn, facilitates a classification of knowledge in general, typically cast in terms of a hierarchy of sciences that ascends from the natural sciences to the social (or human) sciences. However, this hierarchy considers nature as a substantial foundation upon which (...)
  5. Félix Guattari: Thought, Friendship and Visionary Cartography.Franco Berardi - 2008 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Introduction: Cartographies in becoming -- The happy depression -- Integrated world capitalism -- Planetary psychopathia -- Postmediatic affect -- User's manual-- Deleuze and the rhizomatic machine -- Why is anti-Oedipus the book of the '68 movement? -- Kafka, hypertext, and assemblages -- The tantric egg -- Chaosmosis -- The provisional eternity of friendship.
  6. Starting Over.L. Blackman - 2009 - Theory, Culture and Society 26 (1):134-143.
    This review article explores the politics of hope and optimism made possible by a re-thinking of touch as a movement towards the not-yet-known, embodied through an engagement with the improvisational character of Argentine tango. Tango discloses the relational and enactive qualities of corporeality, moving us to ask not what bodies are, but rather what can bodies do; what can bodies become? The article engages with the moves to a Spinozist conception of affect developed by Massumi and Deleuze and Guattari, to (...)
  7. A Thousand Ecologies.Ronald Bogue - 2009 - In Bernd Herzogenrath (ed.), Deleuze/Guattari & Ecology. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 42--56.
  8. The Two-Fold Thought of Deleuze and Guattari.Ronald Bogue - 2005 - International Studies in Philosophy 37 (4):168-169.
  9. Materialismo ontólogico y política en Spimoza, Deleuze y Guattari.Amalia Boyer - 2003 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 1:94-106.
  10. Ontological materialism and politics in Spinoza, Deleuze and Guattari. [Spanish].Amalia Boyer - 2003 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 1:94-106.
    La política es inseparable de la ontología. Toda ontología es política y toda política es en sí misma una ontología. La relación recíproca entre ontología y política puede ser identificada como la cuestión de su “paralelismo”. Este paralelismo de lo ontológico y lo político encuentra su primera formulación teórica en el pensamiento de Spinoza, el cual es rehabilitado por Deleuze y Guattari en su propia filosofía en la forma de un materialismo radical, un “materialismo ontológico”.
  11. Taking a Glance at the Environment: Prolegomena to an Ethics of the Environment.Edward Casey - 2001 - Research in Phenomenology 31 (1):1-21.
    It is remarkable how much we can understand about an environmental problem at a mere glance. By means of a glance - at once quick and comprehensive - we can detect that something is going wrong in a given environmental circumstance, and we can even begin to suspect what needs to be done to rectify the situation. In this paper I explore the unsuspected power of the glance in environmental thought and practice, drawing special lessons for an ethics of the (...)
  12. Géophilosophie de Deleuze et Guattari.Pierre-Antoine Chardel - 2004 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 8 (3):694-698.
  13. Arne Naess: Ecology, Community and Lifestyle: Outline of an Ecosophy. [REVIEW]Jim Cheney - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (3):263-273.
  14. Subjetividades Contemporáneas: Un Acercamiento Estético y Político a Félix Guattari.Mario Germán Gil Claros - 2011 - A Parte Rei 75:3.
  15. Subjetividades contemporáneas: Un acercamiento estético y político a Félix Guattari.Mario Gil Claros - 2011 - A Parte Rei 75.
  16. Matter in Motion: The Educational Materialism of Gilles Deleuze.David R. Cole - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (s1):3-17.
    This paper critically examines the materialism that Gilles Deleuze espouses in his oeuvre to the benefit of educational theory. In Difference and Repetition, he presented transcendental empiricism by underwriting Kant with realism (Deleuze, 1994). Later, in Capitalism & Schizophrenia I & II that were co-written with Félix Guattari (1984, 1988) and that they named Anti-Oedipus and A Thousand Plateaus, Deleuze's philosophical approach is realigned into what I term here as transcendental materialism, and latterly as immanent materialism; that I claim effectively (...)
  17. Artists or "Little Soldiers?" Félix Guattari's Ecological Paradigms.Verena Andermatt Conley - 2009 - In Bernd Herzogenrath (ed.), Deleuze/Guattari & Ecology. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  18. Ecopolitics: The Environment in Poststructuralist Thought.Verena Andermatt Conley - 1997 - Routledge.
    Ecopolitics is a study of environmental awareness--or non-awareness--in contemporary French theory. Arguing that it is now impossible not to think in an ecological way, Verena Andermatt Conley traces the roots of today's concern for the environment back to the intellectual climate of the late '50s and '60s. Major thinkers of 1968, the author argues, changed the way we think the world; this owes much to an ecological awareness that remains at the heart of issues concerning cultural theory in general. The (...)
  19. Heidegger, Guattari and Ontology: Grounding Subjectivity.Alexander Cooke - unknown
  20. Ecology and Realist Ontology.Manuel DeLanda - 2009 - In Bernd Herzogenrath (ed.), Deleuze/Guattari & Ecology. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 23--41.
  21. Francisco José Martínez: Hacia una era post-mediática. Ontología, política y ecología en la obra de F. Guattari. [REVIEW]Juan Estragués - 2009 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 46:227-229.
  22. Éric Alliez and Andrew Goffey (Eds.) , The Guattari Effect (London & New York: Continuum, 2011), ISBN: 978-1-441-13680-0. [REVIEW]Jonathan Fardy - 2013 - Foucault Studies 16:180-183.
  23. Los pliegues del inconsciente: la metafísica materialista de Deleuze y Guattari.Julián Ferreyra - 2007 - Revista de filosofía (Chile) 39 (119):131-162.
  24. A Specter Is Haunting Germany—the French Specter of Milieu : On the Nomadicity and Nationality of Cultural Vocabularies.Wolf Feuerhahn - 2014 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 9 (2):33-50.
    Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari, and Isabelle Stengers fought against a state-controlled form of science and saw “nomadic science/concepts” as a way to escape from it. The transnational history of the term milieu marks a good opportunity to contribute to another theory of nomadic vocabularies. Traveling from France to Germany, the word milieu came to be identified as a French theory. Milieu was seen as an expression of determinism, of the connection between the rise of the natural sciences and the rise (...)
  25. Martínez José Francisco. Toward An Era Postmediática. Ontology, Politics And Ecology In The Work Of Felix Guattari. [REVIEW]Amanda Garcia - 2010 - Endoxa 25:425-432.
  26. Geophilosophy: On Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari's What is Philosophy?Rodolphe Gasché - 2014 - Northwestern University Press.
    Rodolphe Gasché’s commentary on Deleuze and Guattari’s last book, _What Is Philosophy?,_ homes in on what the two thinkers define as philosophy in distinction from the sciences and the arts and what it is that they understand themselves to have done while doing philosophy. Gasché is concerned with the authors’ claim not only that philosophy is a Greek invention but also that it is, for fundamental reasons, geophilosophical in nature. Gasché also intimates that, rather than a marginal issue of their (...)
  27. Félix Guattari: A Critical Introduction.Gary Genosko - 2009 - Distributed in the United States of America Exclusively by Palgrave Macmillan.
  28. Banco sur Félix.Gary Genosko - 2008 - Multitudes 34 (3):63.
    In a cluster of books published originally in 1977, the two editions of La Révolution moléculaire, and L’Inconscient machinique, Guattari elaborated a typology of semiotic systems framed in a Peirce-Hjelmslev hybrid conceptual vocabulary. Reading across these three books I want to flesh-out a-signifying semiotics in relation to an infotech strand on the machinic phylum inspired by one of Guattari’s favourite examples of the kind of semiosis put into play by a-signifying signs : credit and/or bank cards. Guattari’s innovation was to (...)
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