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Summary Matters of reproduction have always been important to feminists, since reproduction is central to gender justice. This field is necessarily interdisciplinary, and covers a variety of substantive issues. These range from the role of reproduction in patriarchal oppression, to abortion and women's autonomy, to the transformational power of reproductive technologies and practices such as surrogacy, gamete donation, and IVF. 
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  1. added 2020-06-10
    Gender-Based Administrative Violence as Colonial Strategy.Elena Ruíz & Nora Berenstain - forthcoming - Philosophical Topics 46 (2).
    Analyses of gender-based violence are typically deployed from an ideal theoretical position that privileges the life histories and struggles of white settler populations. An example is the growing US feminist coverage of reproductive violence in Latin America that draws attention to the criminalization of miscarriages, stillbirths, and adverse pregnancy outcomes, yet remains silent on causal and contributory mechanisms that implicate intra-hemispheric structures of white supremacy and foreign economic interests in the region. The result is often award-winning US journalism of human (...)
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  2. added 2020-02-12
    Reconceiving Pregnancy and Childcare: Ethics, Experience, and Reproductive Labor. Amy Mullin. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.Patrice DiQuinzio - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (3):204-209.
  3. added 2020-01-16
    Sex, Love, and Gender: A Kantian Theory.Helga Varden - 2020 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Sex, Love, and Gender is the first volume to present a comprehensive philosophical theory that brings together all of Kant's practical philosophy — found across his works on ethics, justice, anthropology, history, and religion — and provide a critique of emotionally healthy and morally permissible sexual, loving, gendered being. By rethinking Kant's work on human nature and making space for sex, love, and gender within his moral accounts of freedom, the book shows how, despite his austere and even anti-sex, cisist, (...)
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  4. added 2019-10-16
    Cultural Gaslighting.Elena Ruíz - forthcoming - Hypatia.
    This essay frames systemic patterns of mental abuse against women of color and Indigenous women on Turtle Island (North America) in terms of larger design-of-distribution strategies in settler colonial societies, as these societies use various forms of social power to distribute, reproduce, and automate social inequalities (including public health precarities and mortality disadvantages) that skew socio-economic gain continuously toward white settler populations and their descendants. It departs from traditional studies in gender-based violence research that frame mental abuses such as gaslighting--commonly (...)
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  5. added 2019-06-27
    Lichaam en eigendom.Donna Dickenson - 2006 - Amsterdam: Boom.
    Collection of essays and interviews on property in the body, published to mark the award to Donna Dickenson of the International Spinoza Lens award, Amsterdam, April 2006.
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  6. added 2019-06-24
    Review of Margrit Shildrick, Leaky Bodies and Boundaries: Feminism, Post-Modernism and (Bio)Ethicsd. [REVIEW]Donna Dickenson - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (3):212-213.
    Review of Margrit Shildrick, Leaky Bodies and Boundaries.
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  7. added 2019-06-18
    An Uneasy Case Against Stephen Munzer: Umbilical Cord Blood and Property in the Body.Donna Dickenson - 2009 - American Philosophical Association Newsletter 8 (2).
    Critical examination of the concept of property in the body, with particular relevance to Stephen Munzer's work on umbilical cord blood.
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  8. added 2019-06-18
    Genes, Women, Equality. [REVIEW]D. Dickenson - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (3):208-209.
  9. added 2019-06-07
    No More Mothers?: How Attenuating Factors Are Changing the Identity.Naomi Zack - 2009 - Social Philosophy Today 25:17-30.
    The role of motherhood was attenuated over the second half of the twentieth century, by literal and metaphorical factors: Privileged women gained control over their reproduction and developed non-mothering life priorities; government and society became less nurturing in public ideals; projects of spontaneous speciation began in biology; the environment became unsustaining. In addition, feminist criticism resulted in greater individuation between the persons of mothers and their children. With these changes, the role of motherhood lacks a positive identity, culturally and psychically. (...)
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    Surrogacy: Donor Conception Regulation in Japan.Yukari Semba, Chiungfang Chang, Hyunsoo Hong, Ayako Kamisato & Minori Kokado - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (8):348-357.
    As of 2008, surrogacy is legal and openly practised in various places; Japan, however, has no regulations or laws regarding surrogacy. This paper reports the situation of surrogacy in Japan and in five other regions to clarify the pros and cons of prohibiting surrogacy, along with the problems and issues relating to surrogacy compensation.Not only in a country such as France that completely prohibits surrogacy within the country, but also in a country such as the UK that allows non-commercial surrogacy, (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    Buns in the Oven: Objectification, Surrogacy, and Women’s Autonomy.Suze G. Berkhout - 2008 - Social Theory and Practice 34 (1):95-117.
  12. added 2019-06-06
    Dion Farquhar, The Other Machine: Discourse and Reproductive Technologies. [REVIEW]Majia Nadesan - 1998 - Philosophy in Review 18:24-26.
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  13. added 2019-06-05
    Eggs and Euros: A Feminist Perspective on Reproductive Travel From Denmark to Spain.Charlotte Kroløkke - 2014 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):144-163.
    Fertility travel is a global and emergent topic. Italians, Swedes, and Norwegians travel to Denmark for anonymous sperm donation, while Danes, Norwegians, and Germans travel to Spain, Greece, the Ukraine, or the Czech Republic for anonymous egg donation.1 Legal differences in European countries on the availability of reproductive procedures, cryopreservation technology, accessibility, and donor compensation, together with transnational clinical exchanges in expertise and technology, have made assisted reproduction an increasingly transnational affair .This article discusses how Danish infertile couples negotiate traveling (...)
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  14. added 2019-06-05
    Introduction.Françoise Baylis & Jocelyn Downie - 2014 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):1-9.
    Transnational reproductive travel is a largely unfettered multibillion-dollar global industry that flourishes, in part, by capitalizing on differences in legal regimes, wages and standards of living, and cultural and ethical norms. Indeed, as Scott Carney explains with respect to the commercialization of human eggs for third-party reproduction, “internationalization has made oversight laughable. … [R]egulators are dogs with no teeth” . While professional organizations can introduce guidelines and nation-states can introduce laws, the fact is that patients can travel to places where (...)
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  15. added 2019-06-05
    Kaczor , Christopher . The Ethics of Abortion: Women's Rights, Human Life, and the Question of Justice .New York: Routledge, 2011. Pp. 246. $39.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]David DeGrazia - 2011 - Ethics 121 (3):665-669.
  16. added 2019-06-05
    Feminist Reflections on Miscarriage, in Light of Abortion.Kate Parsons - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1):1.
    In 2006, and again in 2007, I suffered the miscarriages of two wanted and painstakingly planned pregnancies. In the aftermath of each, I found myself unprepared, as do many women who miscarry, for the devastation I would feel. In my attempts to cope, I sought solace in the written testimony of other women who had miscarried, in the medical statistics that reassured me I still had a strong chance of carrying another pregnancy to term, in the experiences of friends and (...)
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  17. added 2019-05-21
    Feminist Perspectives on Reproduction and the Family.Alice MacLachlan - 2017 - In Carol Hay (ed.), Philosophy: Feminism. pp. 317-343.
  18. added 2019-03-27
    Understanding the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative: A Multidisciplinary Analysis.Erica Preston-Roedder, Hannah Fagen, Jessica Martucci & Anne Barnhill - 2019 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 12 (2):117-147.
    In the United States, roughly 1 out of 4 births takes place at a hospital certified as Baby-Friendly. This paper offers a multi-disciplinary perspective on the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI), including empirical, normative, and historical perspectives. Our analysis is novel in that we trace how medical practices of “quality improvement,” which initially appear to have little to do with breastfeeding, may have shaped the BFHI. Ultimately, we demonstrate that a rich understanding of the BFHI can be obtained by tracing how (...)
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  19. added 2019-02-05
    ‘Yes’ to Mitochondrial Replacement Techniques and Lesbian Motherhood: A Reply to Françoise Baylis.César Palacios-González & Giulia Cavaliere - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (4):280-281.
    In a recent paper – Lesbian motherhood and mitochondrial replacement techniques: reproductive freedom and genetic kinship – we argued that lesbian couples who wish to have children who are genetically related to both of them should be allowed access to mitochondrial replacement techniques. Françoise Baylis wrote a reply to our paper –‘No’ to lesbian motherhood using human nuclear genome transfer– where she challenges our arguments on the use of MRTs by lesbian couples, and on MRTs more generally. In this reply (...)
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  20. added 2019-02-05
    Lesbian Motherhood and Mitochondrial Replacement Techniques: Reproductive Freedom and Genetic Kinship.Giulia Cavaliere & César Palacios-González - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (12):835-842.
    In this paper, we argue that lesbian couples who wish to have children who are genetically related to both of them should be allowed access to mitochondrial replacement techniques. First, we provide a brief explanation of mitochondrial diseases and MRTs. We then present the reasons why MRTs are not, by nature, therapeutic. The upshot of the view that MRTs are non-therapeutic techniques is that their therapeutic potential cannot be invoked for restricting their use only to those cases where a mitochondrial (...)
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  21. added 2019-02-05
    A Mitochondrial Story: Mitochondrial Replacement, Identity and Narrative.Jackie Leach Scully - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (1):37-45.
    Mitochondrial replacement techniques are intended to avoid the transmission of mitochondrial diseases from mother to child. MRT represent a potentially powerful new biomedical technology with ethical, policy, economic and social implications. Among other ethical questions raised are concerns about the possible effects on the identity of children born from MRT, their families, and the providers or donors of mitochondria. It has been suggested that MRT can influence identity directly, through altering the genetic makeup and physical characteristics of the child, or (...)
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  22. added 2019-02-05
    Mitochondrial Replacement Techniques: Who Are the Potential Users and Will They Benefit?Cathy Herbrand - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (1):46-54.
    In February 2015 the UK became the first country to legalise high-profile mitochondrial replacement techniques, which involve the creation of offspring using genetic material from three individuals. The aim of these new cell reconstruction techniques is to prevent the transmission of maternally inherited mitochondrial disorders to biological offspring. During the UK debates, MRTs were often positioned as a straightforward and unique solution for the ‘eradication’ of mitochondrial disorders, enabling hundreds of women to have a healthy, biologically-related child. However, many questions (...)
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  23. added 2019-02-05
    The Commercialization of Human Eggs in Mitochondrial Replacement Research.Donna L. Dickenson - 2013 - The New Bioethics 19 (1):18-29.
    After the commercialisation of induced pluripotent stem cells (IPSCs) in 2007, the pressure to commercialise women's eggs for stem cell research could have been expected to lessen. However, the pressure to harvest human eggs in large quantities for research has not diminished; rather, it has taken different directions, for example, in germline mitochondrial research. Yet there has been little acknowledgement of these technologies' need for human eggs, the possible risks to women and the ethical issues concerning potential exploitation. Rather, there (...)
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  24. added 2019-01-30
    Book Review: Feminism & Bioethics: Beyond Reproduction. [REVIEW]Leslie Bender - 1997 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (1):58-61.
  25. added 2018-12-03
    ART and Age − Gender Stereotypes in Medical Students’ Views.Anna Alichniewicz & Monika Michałowska - 2015 - Diametros 45:71-81.
    It seems interesting to find out how the situation of the Polish ART practice is reflected in the medical students’ opinions. To answer this question we carried out a two-stage research adopting a data-driven methodology based upon the grounded theory, in which we collected a mixture of quantitative and qualitative data. Our study has revealed students’ high acceptance of IVF and most of the additional procedures, except for IVF in the case of women over 40 and postmenopausal ones. The students’ (...)
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  26. added 2018-02-17
    At the Intersections of Emotional and Biological Labor: Understanding Transnational Commercial Surrogacy as Social Reproduction.G. K. D. Crozier, Jennifer L. Johnson & Christopher Hajzler - 2014 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):45-74.
    This paper focuses on how surrogacy is to be valued in the transnational context, and what it means for surrogacy to be considered a form of paid, social reproductive labor. By social reproduction, we refer to the social processes and activities, such as child rearing and caring for dependents, that are necessary to uphold a productive society. Since these are complex and nuanced questions, and ones that are likely to need different answers in different countries and social contexts, this paper (...)
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  27. added 2018-02-17
    Feminist Issues in Domestic and Transnational Surrogacy: The Case of Japan.Jennifer Parks - 2014 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):121-143.
    A feminist viewpoint on globalized commercial surrogacy questions what best serves women’s needs/ends and whether the practice is good for women . My interest in this paper is to consider how a feminist account might address the practice of surrogacy in Japan, both domestically and in the transnational context. Japanese culture emphasizes traditional values, family heritage, and communitarian concerns over individual rights. Women’s equality, while formally recognized by the Japanese Constitution, is undercut by actual practices and recent court decisions . (...)
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  28. added 2018-02-17
    The Dream of the Perfect Child by Joan Rothschild.Rebecca Kukla - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (4):199-203.
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  29. added 2018-02-17
    Beginning Lives.Rosalind Hursthouse - 1992 - Noûs 26 (1):134-137.
    In this text book Rosalind Hursthouse examines the complex questions surrounding the morality of abortion. Beginning by discussing the moral status of the foetus, she outlines and criticizes the main philosophical liberal positions on abortion, discussing alsl their bearing on the related issues of ifanticide, foetal research, surrogacy, murder and our treatment of animals. In place of the currently prevailing positions, the author offers a novel approach to these issues based on the recently revived theory of neo–Aristotelianism which emphasizes moral (...)
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  30. added 2017-07-14
    Review of Philosophical Inquiries Into Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Mothering: Maternal Subjects. [REVIEW]Shelley M. Park - 2012 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2012:n.p..
  31. added 2017-05-31
    Is ‘Assisted Reproduction’ Reproduction?Monika Piotrowska - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (270):138-157.
    With an increasing number of ways to ‘assist’ reproduction, some bioethicists have started to wonder what it takes to become a genetic parent. It is widely agreed that sharing genes is not enough to substantiate the parent–offspring relation, but what is? Without a better understanding of the concept of reproduction, our thinking about parent–offspring relations and the ethical issues surrounding them risk being unprincipled. Here, I address that problem by offering a principled account of reproduction—the Overlap, Development and Persistence account—which (...)
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  32. added 2017-02-16
    Analysis of Bioethical Problems Regarding Surrogate Conception in Japan.Masayuki Kodama - 2011 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 21 (1-2):34-36.
    In the Examining Committee‘s external report proposing the basic prohibition of surrogate conception, Issues in assisted reproductiveIn the Examining Committee‘s external report proposing the basic prohibition of surrogate conception, Issues in assisted reproductive technology with a focus on surrogate conception—Moving toward a social consensus , the Committee indicated the following problems with surrogate conception: Surrogate conception should be prohibited by law. The practice, solicitation, or mediation of surrogate conception for the purpose of profit, including that done in other countries, should (...)
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  33. added 2017-02-16
    Knowledge and Perceptions of New Genetic and Assisted Reproductive Technologies: A Preliminary Report.Rajni Khanna & Gursatej Gandhi - 2011 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 21 (5):172-179.
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  34. added 2017-02-16
    What’s Morality Got to Do With It? The Need for Principle in Reproductive Technology and Embryo Research.James Andrew Rice - 2005 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 15 (1):16-21.
    Recent advances in biology hold out the real possibility of significant progress in the treatment of disease. At the same time however these technological discoveries have posed serious challenges to policy makers, the decision by the UK Court of Appeal in Zain Hashmi being a case in point. Judges and legislators have traditionally tried to apply principles of justice in the matters that lie before them. Future issues that involve genetic technology have the potential to involve more than this since (...)
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  35. added 2017-02-15
    Fault Lines: Infertility and Imperiled Sisterhood.Margarete Sandelowski - 1990 - Feminist Studies 16 (1):33-51.
  36. added 2017-02-14
    Infertility Treatment in Developing Country.Shamima Parvin Lasker - 2012 - Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):3.
  37. added 2017-02-14
    Maternity at Advanced Ages. Ethical Concerns Related to the Assisted Reproductive Technology From a Scientific and Religious Perspective.Mircea Leabu - 2012 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 3 (1-3):29-50.
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  38. added 2017-02-14
    Legal Responses to Some of the New Developments in Reproductive Technologies, Part. 2: The Case of Diane Blood.A. Scott - 2001 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 8 (1):11-19.
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  39. added 2017-02-14
    Legal Responses to Some of the New Developments in Reproductive Technologies. Part 1.Andrew Scott - 2000 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 7 (2):28-37.
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  40. added 2017-02-14
    Body Boundaries, Fiction of the Female Self: An Ethnographic Perspective on Power, Feminism, and the Reproductive Technologies.Gillian M. Goslinga-Roy - 2000 - Feminist Studies 26 (1):113-140.
  41. added 2017-02-14
    Pursuing Parenthood: Ethical Issues in Assisted Reproduction.Martin Benjamin - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (2):164-166.
  42. added 2017-02-14
    Mary O'Brien, The Politics of Reproduction Reviewed By.Maryann Ayim - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5 (10):469-471.
  43. added 2017-02-14
    The Factors of Reproduction in Education.Martin Schoppmeyer - 1972 - Journal of Thought 7 (1):19-25.
  44. added 2017-02-13
    Responses to Snakes by Surrogate- and Mother-Reared Squirrel Monkeys.Douglas K. Huebner, James L. Lentz, Marilyn J. Wooley & James E. King - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (1):33-36.
  45. added 2017-02-12
    Sociology: Reproduction or Destruction of Androcentrism.Chairperson Maca Jogan & Maca Jogan - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (3):937-942.
  46. added 2017-02-11
    Posthumous Assisted Reproduction in the East Asian Context: Towards a Comprehensive Framework of Regulation.Lin Yun-Hsien Diana - 2013 - Asian Bioethics Review 5 (2):93-109.
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  47. added 2017-02-09
    On Procreative Responsibility in Assisted and Collaborative Reproduction.Melissa Seymour Fahmy - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):55-70.
    Abstract It is common practice to regard participants in assisted and collaborative reproduction (gamete donors, embryologists, fertility doctors, etc.) as simply providing a desired biological product or medical service. These agents are not procreators in the ordinary sense, nor do they stand in any kind of meaningful parental relation to the resulting offspring. This paper challenges the common view by defending a principle of procreative responsibility and then demonstrating that this standard applies as much to those who provide reproductive assistance (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-03
    Male Infertility in Mali: Kinship and Impacts on Biomedical Practice in Bamako.Viola Herbst - 2008 - In Jonathan E. Brockopp & Thomas Eich (eds.), Muslim Medical Ethics: From Theory to Practice. University of South Carolina Press.
  49. added 2017-02-03
    Ethical and Legal Implications in Assisted Reproductive Technology: Perspective Analysis of the Gulf Cooperative Council States.Hamza Eskandarani - 2008 - In Jonathan E. Brockopp & Thomas Eich (eds.), Muslim Medical Ethics: From Theory to Practice. University of South Carolina Press.
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  50. added 2017-02-03
    Knowledge, Bodies, and Values: Reproductive Technologies and Their Scientific Context.Helen E. Longino - 1992 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 35 (3-4):323 – 340.
    This essay sets human reproductive technologies in the context of biological research exploiting the discovery of the structure of the DNA molecule in the early 1950s. By setting these technological developments in this research context and then setting the research in the framework of a philosophical analysis of the role of social values in scientific inquiry, it is possible to develop a perspective on these technologies and the aspirations they represent that is relevant to the concerns of their social critics.
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1 — 50 / 342