Feminist Philosophy

Edited by Ásta . (San Francisco State University)
Assistant editor: Rachel Katherine Cooper (University of California, Irvine)
About this topic

Feminist philosophy both critiques and contributes to all fields of philosophy. It has moved beyond its original insight that gendered power deeply colors the methods and substance of philosophy.  Today feminist philosophers construct work that builds on an understanding of power, privilege and oppression in the complex relationships among gender, race, sexuality, class/caste, ability, nation, age, and coloniality.  Thus, the field is in a good position to assist any philosopher in understanding that power, privilege, and social identities are philosophically important and impact the ways we do ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, politics, or any other field of philosophy.

Key works

Key work in feminist philosophy has been done in virtually all areas of philosophy. Please see individual subcategory entries  under "Feminist Philosophy" for key works by area and topic.


The following collections offer concise overviews of different subfields and topics in feminist philosophy: Alcoff & Kittay 2007 (The Blackwell Guide to Feminist Philosophy); Fricker & Hornsby 2000 (The Cambridge Companion to Feminism and Philosophy); Jaggar & Young 1998 (A Companion to Feminist Philosophy);  and Stone 2007 (An Introduction to Feminist Philosophy).

Additional anthologies and collections of key readings include: Cudd & Andreasen 2005 (Feminist Theory: A Philosophical Anthology); Hackett & Haslanger 2006 (Theorizing Feminisms); Bailey & Cuomo 2008 (The Feminist Philosophy Reader); and Guy-Sheftal 1995 (Words of Fire: An Anthology of African American Feminist Thought).

Related categories
History/traditions: Feminist Philosophy

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Material to categorize
  1. Hayatıni Seçen Kadın: ".Nermin Abadan-Unat - 2010 - Doğan Kitap.
  2. From the Love Studio.Asma Abbas - 2017 - Hypatia 32 (1):199-204.
  3. Book Review: Wollstonecraft, Mill, and Women’s Human Rights, by Eileen Hunt BottingSymposium on Botting’sEileen HuntWollstonecraft, Mill, and Women’s Human Rights . 306 Pp. [REVIEW]Ruth Abbey - forthcoming - Political Theory:009059171772531.
  4. Adult Daughters and Care for the Elderly.Emily K. Abel - 1986 - Feminist Studies 12 (3):479.
  5. Dominance, Feminist Hierarchies, and Heterosexual Dyads.Virginia Abernethy - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):429-430.
  6. Book Review: Jacquelyn N. Zita. Body Talk: Philosophical Reflections on Sex and Gender. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998. [REVIEW]Christa Davis Acampora - 2003 - Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 18 (3):212-215.
  7. "Separate and Equal"? Mujeres Libres and Anarchist Strategy for Women's Emancipation.Martha A. Ackelsberg - 1985 - Feminist Studies 11 (1):63.
  8. Universal Human Rights in a World of Difference.Brooke A. Ackerly - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    From the diverse work and often competing insights of women's human rights activists, Brooke Ackerly has written a feminist and a universal theory of human rights that bridges the relativists' concerns about universalizing from particulars and the activists' commitment to justice. Unlike universal theories that rely on shared commitments to divine authority or to an 'enlightened' way of reasoning, Ackerly's theory relies on rigorous methodological attention to difference and disagreement. She sets out human rights as at once a research ethic, (...)
  9. Book Review: The New Individualism by Charles Lemert and Anthony Elliott London: Routledge, 2006. [REVIEW]M. Adams - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (5):147-152.
  10. A Critical Theory of Public Life Knowledge, Discourse, and Politics in an Age of Decline.Ben Agger - 1991
  11. Con armas, como armas: la violencia de las mujeres.María Xosé Agra Romero - 2012 - Isegoría 46:49-74.
    El texto aborda uno de los temas de la violencia contemporánea, la violencia política de las mujeres. A partir de los problemas para nombrar la violencia y de los análisis de A. Cavarero sobre el «horrorismo», se centra en dos casos: la muerte de Yoyes y las mujeres bombas suicidas chechenas, mostrando las construcciones sociales y culturales de sexo/género, sus mitos y estereotipos, en cuanto constituyen una de las raíces más profundas y persistentes de la violencia. En definitiva, de lo (...)
  12. El Emblema de Lo Privado. Notas Sobre Filosofía Política y Crítica Feminista.Maria Xosé Agra - 1992 - Isegoría 6:161-166.
  13. Einleitung.María Isabel Peña Aguado - 2002 - Die Philosophin 13 (26):7-10.
  14. Living a Feminist Life.Aalya Ahmad - forthcoming - Contemporary Political Theory:1-4.
  15. Gender and Leisure Social and Cultural Perspectives.Cara Aitchison - 2003
  16. Feministische Philosophie in Spanien.Liane Aiwanger - 2002 - Die Philosophin 13 (26):116-121.
  17. Rethinking University-Ergebnisse der Internationalen Frauenuniversität.Liane Aiwanger & Susanna Jäger - 2002 - Die Philosophin 13 (26):116 - 121.
  18. Ethical and Methodological Challenges Involved in Research on Sexual Violence in Nigeria.Ademola J. Ajuwon & Olufunmilola Adegbite - 2008 - Research Ethics 4 (1):3-9.
  19. Undomesticated Ground: Recasting Nature as Feminist Space.Stacy Alaimo, Elizabeth Grosz & Radhika Mohanram - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (3):209-216.
  20. Contesting Democracy: HIV/AIDS and the Achievement of Gender Equality in South Africa.Catherine Albertyn - 2003 - Feminist Studies 29:595-615.
  21. Feminism, Speaking for Others, and the Role of the Philosopher.Linda Martín Alcoff - 2016 - Stance 9:85-105.
  22. Speaking the Same Language.Virgil C. Aldrich - 1954 - Ethics 65 (3):213-217.
  23. Piecings From a Second Reader.Natalie Alexander - 1992 - Hypatia 7 (2):177-187.
  24. Lesbian Slip; 2:00 AM, Valentine's Morning; Est & Non: The Dream Body; For Sandra; The Answers in the Back: A Song; The Feminist Existentialist State Song. [REVIEW]Tangren Alexander - 1992 - Hypatia 7 (4):14 - 30.
  25. The Power of Feminist Theory.Amy Allen - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (1):222-226.
  26. Why Privacy Isn't Everything: Feminist Reflections on Personal Accountability.Anita Allen - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (1):227-231.
  27. Why Privacy Isn't Everything: Feminist Reflections on Personal Accountability.Anita L. Allen - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Accountability protects public health and safety, facilitates law enforcement, and enhances national security, but it is much more than a bureaucratic concern for corporations, public administrators, and the criminal justice system. In Why Privacy Isn't Everything, Anita L. Allen provides a highly original treatment of neglected issues affecting the intimacies of everyday life, and freshly examines how a preeminent liberal society accommodates the competing demands of vital privacy and vital accountability for personal matters. Thus, "None of your business!" is at (...)
  28. The Thinking Muse: Feminism and Modern French Philosophy.Jeffner Allen & Iris Marion Young - 1992 - Hypatia 7 (1):151-155.
  29. The Concept of Woman.Prudence Allen - 1997 - W.B. Eerdmans.
    v. 1. The Aristotelian revolution, 750 BC-AD 1250 -- v. 2. The early humanist Reformation, 1250-1500.
  30. Public Man, Private Woman.Prudence Allen - 1984 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (1):118-120.
  31. Edith Stein.Sister Prudence Allen - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (1):180-181.
  32. Safety in Online Research With Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence: What About the Children?Allenby Rebecca, Dobbs Terry, Diesfeld Kate, Nada Raja Shyamala, Wilson Denise & Koziol-McLain Jane - 2017 - Ethics and Behavior 27 (1):26-42.
  33. Safety in Online Research With Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence: What About the Children?Allenby Rebecca, Dobbs Terry, Diesfeld Kate, Nada Raja Shyamala, Wilson Denise & Koziol-McLain Jane - 2017 - Ethics and Behavior 27 (1):26-42.
  34. Epistemic Injustice and Its Amelioration.Ben Almassi - forthcoming - Social Philosophy Today.
    Recent works by feminist and social epistemologists have carefully mapped the contours of epistemic injustice, including gaslighting and prejudicial credibility deficits, prejudicial credibility excesses, willful hermeneutical ignorance, discursive injustices, contributory injustice, and epistemic exploitation. As we look at this burgeoning literature, attention has been concentrated mainly in four areas in descending order of emphasis: phenomena of epistemic injustice themselves, including the nature of wrongdoings involved, attendant consequences and repercussions, individual and structural changes for prevention or mitigation, and restorative, restitutive, or (...)
  35. Freda Kirchwey, a Woman of the Nation.Sara Alpern - 1990 - Science and Society 54 (2):234-235.
  36. Aphra Behn's English Feminism Wit and Satire.Dolors Altaba-Artal - 1999
  37. Inverting Agamben: Gendered Popular Sovereignty and the Natasha Wars of Cairo.Paul Amar - 2014 - Contemporary Political Theory 13 (3):263.
    Giorgio Agamben’s concepts of ‘the sovereign’, ‘state of exception’ and ‘bare life’ have been used by political theorists, particularly since the declaration of the Global War on Terror and during the more recent age of wars of humanitarian intervention, to conceptualize the sovereignty exercised by security states. These state processes have been mirrored by absolutization within some branches of political theory, conflating Foucauldian concepts of biopolitical sovereignty and circulatory governmentality with notions of absolutist rule, and narrowing optics for interpreting popular (...)
  38. Richard Rorty and the “Tricoteuses”.Celia Amorós - 1997 - Constellations 3 (3):364-376.
  39. The "Weak" Subject: On Modernity, Eros and Women's Playwriting.Serena Anderlini-D'onofrio - 2003 - Hypatia 18 (3):242-245.
  40. Encyclopedic Dictionary as Utopian Genre: Two Feminist Ventures.Kristine Anderson - 1991 - Utopian Studies 2 (1/2):124 - 130.
  41. The Beginnings of Modern Ethics. Radoslav Andrea Tsanoff.Wilhelm Anderson - 1933 - International Journal of Ethics 43 (3):366-367.
  42. Popular Fiction and Feminist Cultural Politics.I. Ang - 1987 - Theory, Culture and Society 4 (4):651-658.
  43. Alcoff, Linda Martin and Eduardo Mendieta, Eds. Thinking From the Underside of History: Enrique DusseVs Philosophy of Liberation. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. Ix+ 300 Pp. $22.95 Pb. [REVIEW]Ian Angus - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
  44. Feministische Ästhetik.Charlotte Annerl - 1992 - Die Philosophin 3 (5):88-90.
  45. Phantasie.Evelyn Annuß - 1998 - Die Philosophin 9 (17):84-90.
  46. Ronald E. Surtz, The Guitar of God: Gender, Power, and Authority in the Visionary World of Mother Juana de la Cruz (1481–1534).(Middle Ages Series.) Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990. Pp. Xvii, 171. [REVIEW]Ruth Anthony - 1993 - Speculum 68 (1):266-268.
  47. The Guitar of God: Gender, Power, and Authority in the Visionary World of Mother Juana de la Cruz ;Ronald E. Surtz.Ruth Anthony - 1993 - Speculum 68 (1):266-268.
  48. Comforting Discomfort as Complicity: White Fragility and the Pursuit of Invulnerability.Barbara Applebaum - 2017 - Hypatia 32 (4):862-875.
    In this article, I trouble the pedagogical practice of comforting discomfort in the social-justice classroom. Is it possible to support white students, for instance, and not comfort them? Is it possible to support white students without recentering the emotional crisis of white students, without disregarding the needs and interests of students of color, and without reproducing the violence that students of color endure? First I address the dangers of comforting discomfort and discuss Robin DiAngelo's notion of white fragility, which has (...)
  49. Woman's Legacy.Bettina Aptheker - 1985 - Science and Society 49 (1):112-115.
  50. Quantifier Versus Poetry. Stylistic Impoverishment and Socio-Cultural Estrangement of Anglo-American Philosophy in the Last Hundred Years. Aranyosi - 2012 - The Pluralist 7 (1):94-103.
    Recent discussion, both in the academia-related popular media and in some professional academic venues, about the current state and role of mainstream Anglo-American analytic philosophy among the humanities, has revealed a certain uneasiness expressed by both champions of this approach and traditional adversaries of it regarding its perceived isolation from the other fields of humanities. The fiercer critics go as far as to claim that the image of this type of philosophizing in the contemporary world is one of a discipline (...)
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