Financial Ethics

Edited by Joakim Sandberg (Göteborgs Universitet)
Assistant editor: Ramiro Ávila Peres (Banco Central)
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  1. Бизнес в Украине: социально-экономические процессы ориентирования на внешнеэкономические связи.Igor Britchenko, Бритченко Игорь Геннадиевич & Саенко Владислав Григорьевич - 2016 - Науковий Вісник Ужгородського Національного Університету : Наукове Періодичне Видання; Серія «Міжнародні Економічні Відносини Та Світове Господарство» 10 (1):64-70.
    В статье описаны результаты анализа условий становления бизнеса в Украине, который прошел три стадии развития и утверждения. В их числе такие: 1) фаза начального движения советского предпринимательства в 1985–1991 гг., строящегося на условиях планового командования и распределения; 2) фаза гибридного накопления ресурса бизнеса в 1992–2009 гг., основывающегося на условиях невмешательства; 3) фаза реорганизации бизнеса на научно-методической основе в 2008–2016 гг.
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  2. You Can Bluff but You Should Not Spoof.Gil Hersch - forthcoming - Business and Professional Ethics Journal.
    Spoofing is the act of placing orders to buy or sell a financial contract without the intention to have those orders fulfilled in order to create the impression that there is a large demand for that contract at that price. In this article, I deny the view that spoofing in financial markets should be viewed as morally permissible analogously to the way bluffing is permissible in poker. I argue for the pro tanto moral impermissibility of spoofing and make the case (...)
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  3. The Financial Impact of ISO 14001 Certification: Top-Line, Bottom-Line, or Both?Pieter de Jong, Antony Paulraj & Constantin Blome - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 119 (1):131-149.
    It is not easy being green, but it does beg the question: Does being green pay off on the bottom-line? Unfortunately, that question of becoming ISO 14001 to reap financial benefit remains widely unanswered. In particular, corporate practice is interested in how environmental management impacts firms’ finance through top-line impact, bottom-line impact, or both—as this paves the way for an investment of environmental management. As current findings are mixed, our study tracks financial performance of publicly traded US firms between 1996 (...)
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  4. Governance Und Gesundheit – Beobachtungen Zur Strukturellen Und Kulturellen Veränderung in KrankenhäusernGovernance and Health—on Structural and Cultural Transformation in Hospitals.Arne Manzeschke - 2012 - Ethik in der Medizin 24 (2):117-124.
    Corporate Governance-Strukturen werden derzeit in praktisch allen deutschen Krankenhäusern eingeführt. Sie könnten sich als weiteres Element einer Ökonomisierung des stationären Sektors erweisen, bei dem das genuine Moment der therapeutischen Interaktion verfremdet und im Extremfall getilgt wird zugunsten ökonomischer Gewinninteressen. Dieser Artikel skizziert 1) Genese, Gestalt und Funktion der Corporate Governance, 2) die Transformation im Krankenhaussektor, die durch „Verbetriebswirtschaftlichung“, „Ökonomisierung“ und „Kommerzialisierung“ charakterisiert ist, 3) werden die Wirkungen der Corporate Governance auf das Krankenhaus beschrieben und 4) ihr moralischer Anspruch einer ethischen (...)
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  5. Hospital Staffing Decisions: Does Financial Performance Matter?Mei Zhao, Gloria J. Bazzoli, Jan P. Clement, Richard C. Lindrooth, Jo Ann M. Nolin & Askar S. Chukmaitov - 2008 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 45 (3):293-307.
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  6. Institutional Investors, Political Connections, and the Incidence of Regulatory Enforcement Against Corporate Fraud.Wenfeng Wu, Sofia A. Johan & Oliver M. Rui - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):709-726.
    We investigate two under-explored factors in mitigating the risk of corporate fraud and regulatory enforcement against fraud, namely institutional investors and political connections. The role of institutional investors in the effective monitoring of a firm’s management is well established in the literature. We further observe that firms that have a large proportion of their shares held by institutional investors have a lower incidence of enforcement actions against corporate fraud. The importance of political connections for enterprises, whether in a developed market (...)
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  7. Family Control, Socioemotional Wealth and Earnings Management in Publicly Traded Firms.Geoffrey Martin, Joanna Tochman Campbell & Luis Gomez-Mejia - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (3):453-469.
    We examine the unique nature of agency problems within publicly traded family firms by investigating the earnings management decision of dominant family owners relative to non-family. To do so, we draw upon literature demonstrating that family owners are loss averse with respect to the family’s socioemotional wealth, or the affective endowment derived from firm ownership and control. Our theory and findings suggest that potential reputational consequences of earnings management lead family principals to engage in less of this practice relative to (...)
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  8. Is Corporate Governance in China Related to Performance Persistence?Lars Helge Haß, Sofia Johan & Denis Schweizer - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):575-592.
    This paper examines the relationship between performance persistence and corporate governance. We document systematic differences in performance persistence across listed companies in China during 2001–2011, and empirically demonstrate that firms with better corporate governance show higher performance persistence. The results are robust over both the short and long terms. We also find that performance persistence is an important factor in refinancing, and it can lower companies’ costs of borrowing. Overall, our findings offer important implications for business ethics, as we demonstrate (...)
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  9. Exploring Factors That Influence Social Retail Investors’ Decisions: Evidence From Desjardins Fund.Dominique Diouf, Tessa Hebb & El Hadji Touré - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (1):45-67.
    Most studies on the choices, motivations and behavior of investors consist of segmentations focused on socio-demographic characteristics such as age, income, education level, etc. Such approaches seem to simplify, even mutilate, reality by aggregating data about observable variables and considering investors as homogeneous groups. These perspectives are inspired by a scientific approach that consists of separating in order to better understand the observed phenomena. By considering individual as a “homo economicus”, that is to say, a rational and autonomous individual who (...)
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  10. Social Capital, Informal Governance, and Post-IPO Firm Performance: A Study of Chinese Entrepreneurial Firms.Jerry X. Cao, Yuan Ding & Hua Zhang - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):529-551.
    Social capital can serve as informal governance in weak investor-protection regimes. Using hand-collected data on entrepreneurs’ political connections and firm ownership, we construct several original measures of social capital and examine their effect on the performance of entrepreneurial firms in China after their initial public offerings. Political connections or a high percentage of external investors tend to enhance firm performance, but intragroup related-party transactions commonly lead to performance decline. These forms of social capital have a strong influence on the performance (...)
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  11. Corporate Political Donations: Influences From Directors’ Networks.Yi Lu, Greg Shailer & Mark Wilson - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (3):461-481.
    Motivated by contemporary debates concerning whether directors inappropriately deploy corporate funds for corporate political donations and the limited research into managerial influence on corporate political donations, we examine the impact of director influences from a network perspective. Using a sample of large listed Australian corporations and their political party donation activity during 2000–2007, we find that both the professional and non-professional networks of directors influence corporate political donations. We observe these influences in relation to donations at the federal and state (...)
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  12. Erratum To: Corporate Socially Responsible Initiatives and Their Effects on Consumption of Green Products.Simona Romani, Silvia Grappi & Richard P. Bagozzi - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (2):399-399.
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  13. Do They Know It’s CSR at All? An Exploration of Socially Responsible Music Consumption.Todd Green, Gary Sinclair & Julie Tinson - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (2):231-246.
    The increasing visibility and elevated status of musicians has become prominent in contemporary society as a consequence of technological advances and the development of both mass and specialized targeted audiences. Consequently, the actions of musicians are under greater levels of scrutiny and fans demand more from musicians than ‘just’ music. If the industry demands corporate social responsibility practices in a similar vein to how corporations promote themselves; a further question then remains regarding how the increasing prominence of such activities by (...)
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  14. Environmentally Responsible and Conventional Market Indices’ Reaction to Natural and Anthropogenic Adversity: A Comparative Analysis.Christos Kollias & Stephanos Papadamou - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (3):493-505.
    It is widely claimed that climate change has increased the magnitude and the frequency of natural phenomena such as storms, droughts, and floods with the concomitant costs in terms of damages and victims. This paper using weekly data from global stock market indices in a Fama–French model, examines how and to what extent market agents and investors react to such events. As a yardstick for comparison purposes, the possible market impact of industrial accidents is also incorporated and examined in the (...)
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  15. The Impact of the Dual Board Structure and Board Diversity: Evidence From Chinese Initial Public Offerings.Hisham Farag & Chris Mallin - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (2):333-349.
    Chinese listed companies have a two-tier governance structure that comprises a supervisory board/committee and the board of directors. However, as there is no hierarchical relationship between them, the two boards are independent. This is different from the governance mechanism in Continental Europe in which the SB appoints the directors of the management board; in this sense, the Chinese two-tier governance structure is unique. We investigate the impact of governance characteristics and ownership structure on gender diversity of both the BoD and (...)
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  16. CSR Performance and the Value of Cash Holdings: International Evidence.Mohamed Arouri & Guillaume Pijourlet - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (2):263-284.
    Using a worldwide sample, we examine whether corporate social responsibility performance has an impact on the value of cash holdings. We find that investors assign a higher value to cash held by firms that have a high CSR rating. This result is consistent with the idea that CSR policies are a means for managers to act in the shareholders’ interests by mitigating conflicts with stakeholders. Finally, we reveal that CSR performance has a positive impact on the value of cash holdings (...)
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  17. Political Connectedness, Corporate Governance, and Firm Performance.Polona Domadenik, Janez Prašnikar & Jan Svejnar - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (2):411-428.
    In this paper, we present and test a theory of how political connectedness affects corporate governance and productive efficiency of firms. Our model predicts that underdeveloped democratic institutions that do not punish political corruption result in political connectedness of firms that in turn has a negative effect on performance. We test this prediction on an almost complete population of Slovenian joint-stock companies with 100 or more employees. Using the data on supervisory board structure, together with balance sheet and income statement (...)
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  18. Mutual Fund Activism and Market Regulation During the Pre-IFRS Period: The Case of Earnings Informativeness in China From an Ethical Perspective.Shujun Ding, Chunxin Jia & Zhenyu Wu - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (4):765-785.
    This paper investigates the emerging effect of mutual fund involvement on the agency problem between majority and minority shareholders during the pre-IFRS period in China indicated by earnings informativeness from an ethical perspective. We find that the presence of mutual fund hampers earnings informativeness implying that mutual funds in general, at their early stage in China, are not yet capable of serving as an effective monitor. This finding is in sharp contrast to the role of institutional investors in mature markets (...)
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  19. Evaluating a Socially Responsible Employment Program: Beneficiary Impacts and Stakeholder Perceptions.Matthew Walker, Stephen Hills & Bob Heere - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 143 (1):53-70.
    Although many organizations around the world have engaged in corporate social responsibility programing, there is little evidence of social impact. This is a problematic omission since many programs carry the stigma of marketing ploys used to bolster organizational image or reduce consumer skepticism. To address this issue and build on existing scholarship, the purpose of this study was to evaluate a socially responsible youth employability program in the United Kingdom. The program was developed through the foundation of a professional British (...)
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  20. Religiosity, Attitude, and the Demand for Socially Responsible Products.Johan Graafland - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (1):121-138.
    In this paper, we examine the relationship between various Christian denominations and attitude and behavior regarding consumption of socially responsible products. Literature on the relationship between religiosity and pro-social behavior has shown that religiosity strengthens positive attitudes towards pro-social behavior, but does not affect social behavior itself. This seems to contradict the theory of planned behavior that predicts that attitude fosters behavior. One would therefore expect that if religiosity encourages attitude towards SR products, it would also increase the demand for (...)
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  21. Individual Ethical Orientations and the Perceived Acceptability of Questionable Finance Ethics Decisions.Mac Clouse, Robert A. Giacalone, Tricia D. Olsen & Lorenzo Patelli - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (3):549-558.
    Finance is an area that, in practice, is plagued by accusations of unethical activity; the study of finance had adopted a largely nonbehavioral approach to business ethics research. We address this gap in by assessing whether individual ethical orientations predict the acceptability of questionable decisions about financial issues. Results show that individual ethical orientations are associated with different levels of acceptability of questionable decisions about financial issues, though the pattern of these differences varies across individual ethical orientations assessed. These results (...)
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  22. Religiosity and the Volatility of Stock Prices: A Cross-Country Analysis.Benjamin Blau - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (3):609-621.
    Prior research argues that religiosity increases the ethical behavior and levels of risk aversion of firm managers. To the extent that this is true, more religious countries might exhibit more stability in stock prices. This study tests this assertion by determining whether religiosity in countries is negatively associated with volatility in financial markets. Using a unique empirical design, we account for the possibility that the structure of financial markets is endogenously related to a country’s religiosity by examining the volatility of (...)
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  23. Taxation and Regulation as Barriers to International Investment Flows.Deepak Lal - 1999 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 9 (1):3-30.
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  24. Institutional Investors on Boards: Does Their Behavior Influence Corporate Finance?Emma García-Meca, Felix López-Iturriaga & Fernando Tejerina-Gaite - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (2):365-382.
    We examine whether the behavior of institutional investors representatives on boards leads to observable differences in corporate finance. We find that directors representing pressure-sensitive investors prefer lower financial leverage whereas pressure-resistant directors show no particular preference. When analyzed separately, directors appointed by banks and insurance firms have different attitudes. Bank representatives on boards increase both the financial leverage and the banking debt. This result suggests that some types of institutional directors provide financial resources to the firms on whose board they (...)
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  25. A Further Examination of the Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility and Governance on Investment Decisions.Jeffrey Cohen, Lori Holder-Webb & Samer Khalil - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (1):203-218.
    The value relevance of corporate social responsibility performance disclosures for financial markets participants remains uncertain despite advances in the literature and the recent proliferation of CSR disclosures around the world. Using an experimental approach involving MBA students at universities in the United States and Lebanon, we study the value relevance of CSR disclosures by testing whether they affect participants’ personal portfolio management investment decisions. We also examine whether the degree to which the CSR disclosures affect these decisions is influenced by (...)
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  26. Is Institutional Ownership Related to Corporate Social Responsibility? The Nonlinear Relation and Its Implication for Stock Return Volatility.Maretno Harjoto, Hoje Jo & Yongtae Kim - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (1):77-109.
    This study examines the relation between corporate social responsibility and institutional investor ownership, and the impact of this relation on stock return volatility. We find that institutional ownership does not strictly increase or decrease in CSR; rather, institutional ownership is a concave function of CSR. This evidence suggests that institutional investors do not see CSR as strictly value-enhancing activities. Institutional investors adjust their percentage of ownership when CSR activities go beyond the perceived optimal level. Employing the path analysis, we also (...)
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  27. European Green Mutual Fund Performance: A Comparative Analysis with Their Conventional and Black Peers.Gbenga Ibikunle & Tom Steffen - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (2):337-355.
    We conduct the first comparative analysis of the financial performance of European green, black and conventional mutual funds. Based on a unique dataset of 175 green, 259 black and 976 conventional mutual funds, the investigation contrasts the financial performance of the three dissimilar investment orientations over the 1991–2014 period. Over the full sample period, green mutual funds significantly underperform relative to conventional funds, while no significant risk-adjusted performance differences between green and black mutual funds could be established during the same (...)
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  28. Retail Pharmacy Market Structure and Performance.John M. Brooks, William R. Doucette, Shaowei Wan & Donald G. Klepser - 2008 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 45 (1):75-88.
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  29. Retail Pharmacy Market Structure and Performance.John M. Brooks, William R. Doucette, Shaowei Wan & Donald G. Klepser - 2008 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 45 (1):75-88.
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  30. Association of Market, Operational, and Financial Factors with Nonprofit Hospitals' Capital Investment.Tae Hyun Kim & Michael J. McCue - 2008 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 45 (2):215-231.
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  31. Governance of Mandated Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From Indian Government-Owned Firms.Nava Subramaniam, Monika Kansal & Shekar Babu - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 143 (3):543-563.
    This study provides evidence on the governance of CSR policies and activities by Indian central government-owned companies [i.e. Central Public Sector Enterprises ] within a unique mandatory regulatory setting. We utilise the multi-level ‘Logic of governance’ conceptual framework and draw upon interview data collected from 25 senior managers in 21 CPSEs to assess the dynamics of CSR implementation within CPSEs. Our findings indicate most managers believe that a mandatory policy has enhanced the accountability and commitment of governing boards and senior (...)
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  32. Do Compensation Committee Members Perceive Changing CEO Incentive Performance Targets Mid-Cycle to Be Fair?Anne M. Wilkins, Dana R. Hermanson & Jeffrey R. Cohen - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 137 (3):623-638.
    We examine the influences of social capital, source credibility, and fairness perceptions on the judgments of experienced compensation committee members who are considering a proposal to reduce management’s performance targets in the middle of a compensation cycle due to difficult circumstances. Eighty-nine U.S. public company CC members participated in a 2 × 2 experiment with social capital and source credibility each manipulated as low or high, and outcome fairness to management, process fairness to shareholders, and outcome fairness to shareholders included (...)
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  33. Mutual Recognition Respect Between Leaders and Followers: Its Relationship to Follower Job Performance and Well-Being.Nicholas Clarke & Nomahaza Mahadi - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (1):163-178.
    There has been limited research investigating the effects of the recognition form of respect between leaders and their followers within the organisation literature. We investigated whether mutual recognition respect was associated with follower job performance and well-being after controlling for measures of liking and appraisal respect. Based on data we collected from 203 matched leader–follower dyads in the Insurance industry in Malaysia, we found mutual recognition respect predicted both follower job performance and well-being. Significantly, appraisal respect was only found to (...)
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  34. Resistance to Change in the Corporate Elite: Female Directors’ Appointments Onto Nordic Boards.Aleksandra Gregorič, Lars Oxelheim, Trond Randøy & Steen Thomsen - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (2):267-287.
    In this empirical study, we investigate the variation in firms’ response to institutional pressure for gender-balanced boards, focusing specifically on the preservation of prevailing practices of director selection and its impact on the representation of women on the board of directors. Using 8 years of data from publicly listed Nordic corporations, we show societal pressure to be one of the determinants of female directorship. Moreover, in some corporations, the director selection process may work to maintain “a traditional type of board”. (...)
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  35. Financial Management Effectiveness and Board Gender Diversity in Member-Governed, Community Financial Institutions.Anne Marie Ward & John Forker - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (2):351-366.
    Although non-profit organisations typically have high representation of females on their boards, relatively little is known about the effects of gender diversity in these organisations particularly in relation to financial management. In this archival study, resource dependency theory and agency analysis are combined to provide theoretical insight and empirical analysis of gender diversity on effective financial management in member-governed, community financial institutions. The investigation is possible due to the unique characteristics of the organisational form and region being examined—credit unions in (...)
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  36. Does Corporate Governance Enhance Common Interests of Shareholders and Primary Stakeholders?Ninghua Zhong, Shujing Wang & Rudai Yang - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (2):411-431.
    Employing a unique dataset of Chinese non-listed firms, this paper investigates the effects of the presence of 19 governance structures on 20 employees’ interest indicators. In general, we find that firms with the governance structures pay workers higher hourly wages, require less monthly working hours, and have a smaller chance of wage arrears. Meanwhile, the shares of total wage and welfare expenditures in total sales revenue are lower in these firms, which results in higher profitability. Moreover, firms with the governance (...)
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  37. Exploring the Effect of Religious Piety on Corporate Governance: Evidence From Anti-Takeover Defenses and Historical Religious Identification.Pandej Chintrakarn, Pornsit Jiraporn, Shenghui Tong & Pattanaporn Chatjuthamard - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (3):469-476.
    Because religious piety induces individuals to be more honest and risk averse, it makes managers less likely to exploit shareholders, thereby mitigating the agency conflict and potentially influencing governance arrangements. We exploit the variation in religious piety across the U.S. counties and investigate the effect of religious piety on anti-takeover provisions. Our results show that religious piety substitutes for corporate governance in alleviating the agency conflict. Effective governance is less necessary for firm with strong religious piety. As a result, religious (...)
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  38. The Soft Underbelly of Corporate Governance : The Software of Board Dynamics.Theo H. Veldsman - 2012 - African Journal of Business Ethics 6 (1):56.
    In spite of the abundance of corporate governance codes, legislation to ensure compliance and stock exchange reporting requirements, corporate failures still persist because of poor governance. It can be argued that though the 'rules of the road' - codes, legislation, and requirements - are in place, the chances of governance failure will remain high if explicit attention is not given to 'soft' governance: The black box of what happens behind the boardroom door in terms of board dynamics. The relatively unstudied (...)
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  39. Creative Financial Methods in Giving Back in Advance.Daryl Koehn & Michael Pirron - forthcoming - Business and Professional Ethics Journal.
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  40. Methods and Finance: A Unifying View on Finance, Mathematics and Philosophy.E. Ippoliti & P. Chen (eds.) - 2017 - Springer.
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  41. Washington Insider.Greg Schleppenbach - 2016 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 16 (3):373-382.
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  42. Socially Responsible Consumption: An Application in Colombia.Villa Castaño Lida Esperanza, Perdomo-Ortiz Jesús, Dueñas Ocampo Sebastián & Durán León William Fernando - 2016 - Business Ethics: A European Review 25 (4):460-481.
    This study constructs a measurement scale for Socially Responsible Consumption in the particular context of Colombia. It uses a mixed qualitative and quantitative methodological approach, beginning with four focus groups and ending with a quantitative validation exercise employing Exploratory Factor Analysis. The result is a Socially Responsible Consumption measurement scale consisting of four dimensions that reflect paradigms found in the existing literature. These are, however, expressed differently in Colombia. In particular, Socially Responsible Consumption involves consumer behavior that favors corporate social (...)
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  43. Boards of Directors’ Self Interest: Expanding for Pay in Corporate Acquisitions?S. Trevis Certo, Catherine M. Dalton, Dan R. Dalton & Richard H. Lester - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):219-230.
    Director compensation can potentially represent an ethical minefield. When faced with supporting strategic decisions that can lead to an increase in director pay, directors may consider their own interests and not solely those of the shareholders to whom they are legally bound to represent. In such cases, directors essentially become agents, rather than those installed to protect principals (shareholders) from agents. Using acquisitions as a study context, we employ a matched-pair design and find a statistically significant difference in outside director (...)
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  44. Vulture Investors, Predators of the 90s: An Ethical Examination.A. Scott Carson - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (5):543-555.
    Investment in financially distressed companies has taken place since the end of the depression. But a new breed of predatory activist investors called "vultures" has emerged in recent years. They take sizable debt positions in insolvent companies with the intention of significantly increasing the value of their investment through aggressive negotiation either in bankruptcy or in pre-bankruptcy restructurings. Predators thrive on adversarial conflict. Vulture investment is legal, but is it morally acceptable? This paper argues that the strategies and tactics of (...)
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  45. Understanding Shareholder Activism: Which Corporations Are Targeted?Kathleen Rehbein, Sandra Waddock & Samuel B. Graves - 2004 - Business and Society 43 (3):239-267.
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  46. Is Corporate Social Performance a Criterion in the Overseas Investment Strategy of U.S. Pension Plans?: An Empirical Examination.Paul Cox & Marguerite Schneider - 2010 - Business and Society 49 (2):252-289.
    This study examines overseas investing by U.S.-domiciled pension plans. The authors explore whether U.S. pension plans invest based on corporate social performance in a core overseas market, the United Kingdom. As a guide to social investing opportunities available to U.S. pension funds in the United Kingdom, their investments are compared to U.K.-domiciled pension plan domestic investments. U.S. labor union plan portfolios have a positive relationship with workplace practices, and U.S. private plan portfolios, with CSP’s community dimension. U.S. state and foundation (...)
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  47. II. Land, Well-Being and Compensation.John Bigelow - 1990 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (3):330-346.
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  48. Ethical Funds in Italy: A Review.Silvana Signori - 2009 - Business Ethics 18 (2):145-164.
    In the past few years, investors from different European countries have become increasingly interested in the new opportunities that socially responsible investing can offer. Empirical research into this subject has often assumed as ‘given’ the meaning attributed to the terms ‘ethical’ or ‘socially responsible’, thus concentrating more on other elements. This paper, through the analysis of the characteristics of ethical funds traded in Italy, investigates the possible contents that the terms ‘ethical’ and/or ‘socially responsible’ can assume in practice, with particular (...)
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  49. FOCUS: Investment.Bimal Prodhan - 1993 - Business Ethics 2 (4):192-198.
    ’Although the empirical and conceptual underpinnings of New Finance have been rigorously tested, its ethical underpinnings have not been explored.’These are seen to derive from the social remoteness of late twentieth century individualism, which needs to be countered by sensitivity to the social context of finance and to the developmental nature of ethical behaviour. The author is Fellow in Finance at Templeton College, Oxford.
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  50. FOCUS: Ethical Demands and Requirements in Investment Management.Carlos Joly - 1993 - Business Ethics 2 (4):199-212.
    Investment Management makes heavy ethical demands which are not an optional add‐on, but part of the job of being a financial agent and fiduciary. The author is founder and President of Skandia Fonds, the Norwegian mutual funds management company affiliated with Skandia Group which pioneered the concept of green mutual funds in Norway. This paper was delivered at the Sixth Annual Conference of the European Business Ethics Network, held in Oslo last month. Its views are those of the author, and (...)
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