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  1. Philosophy of Logic. [REVIEW]B. W. A. - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (3):565-566.
  2. A Preface to Logic. [REVIEW]C. P. A. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (3):537-537.
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  3. Elements of Formal Logic. [REVIEW]E. J. A. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (2):379-379.
  4. La Revisión Heideggeriana de la Historia de la Filosofia. [REVIEW]R. A. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):398-398.
  5. Prueba científica: Mitos Y paradigmas.Marina Gascón Abellán - 2010 - Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 44:81-103.
    Th e basi c pu r pos e o f thi s w or k consist s o f eliminatin g som e o f th e m yth s an d paradigms tha t cu r rent ly info r m th e assessmen t o f scienti f i c e vidence . I n orde r t o accomplis h this object i v e , th e autho r sta r t s fro m th e (...)
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  6. The Futurium—a Foresight Platform for Evidence-Based and Participatory Policymaking.Franco Accordino - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (3):321-332.
    This paper presents the Futurium platform used by Digital Futures, a foresight project launched by the European Commission's Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CONNECT). Futurium was initially developed with the primary purpose of hosting and curating visions and policy ideas generated by Digital Futures (Digital Futures was launched in July 2011 by DG CONNECT's Director General Robert Madelin following a prior DG CONNECT exercise called Digital Science.). However, it has turned into a platform on which to (...)
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  7. Nondeductive Inference.Robert John Ackermann - 1966 - New York: Dover Publications.
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  8. The Criticism of Bourgeois Philosophical Approaches to Contemporary Scientific and Technical Progress.Rr Akolektiv, R. Steindl, P. Horak, Z. Javurek & V. Zatka - 1983 - Filosoficky Casopis 31 (1):38-55.
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  9. Scientific Change as an Evolutionary, Information Process: Its Structural, Conceptual and Cultural Elements.Fatin Khalil Ismail Al-Bustany - 1989 - Dissertation, Georgetown University
    My aim in this dissertation is to develop an evolutionary conception of science based on recent studies in evolution theory, the thermodynamics of non-equilibrium and information theory, as exemplified in the works of Prigogine, Jantsch, Wicken and Gatlin. ;The nature of scientific change is of interest to philosophers and historians of science. Some construe it after a revolutionary model , others adopt an evolutionary view . It appears to me that it is possible to construct an evolutionary model encompassing the (...)
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  10. Maps Between Some Different Kinds of Contraction Function: The Finite Case.Carlos E. Alchourrón & David Makinson - 1986 - Studia Logica 45 (2):187 - 198.
    In some recent papers, the authors and Peter Gärdenfors have defined and studied two different kinds of formal operation, conceived as possible representations of the intuitive process of contracting a theory to eliminate a proposition. These are partial meet contraction (including as limiting cases full meet contraction and maxichoice contraction) and safe contraction. It is known, via the representation theorem for the former, that every safe contraction operation over a theory is a partial meet contraction over that theory. The purpose (...)
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  11. Use of 'Sense of Coherence (SOC)'Scale to Measure Resilience in Eritrea: Interrogating Both the Data and the Scale.Astier M. Almedom, Berhe Tesfamichael, Z. Mohammed, N. Mascie-Taylor & Zemui Alemu - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (1):91-107.
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  12. Use of ‘Sense of Coherence ’ Scale to Measure Resilience in Eritrea: Interrogating Both the Data and the Scale.Astier M. Almedom, Berhe Tesfamichael, Zein Saeed Mohammed, C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor & Zemui Alemu - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (1):91.
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  13. Between History and Method Disputes About the Rationality of Science.Stefan Amsterdamski - 1992
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  14. All Premises Are Equal, but Some Are More Equal Than Others Liza Verhoeven.Logique& Analyse - 2001 - Logique Et Analyse 173:165.
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  15. Application of a Model for Numerical Response to a Probability Learning Situation.Norman H. Anderson - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):19.
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  16. Generalisations and Evidential Reasoning.Terence J. Anderson - 2011 - In Philip Dawid, William Twining & Mimi Vasilaki (eds.), Evidence, Inference and Enquiry. Oup/British Academy. pp. 225.
    This chapter suggests that evidence should be viewed as a field of study, one to which most disciplines could contribute and from which most could benefit, and that generalisations should be viewed as part of that field. Every argument must be based upon a generalisation that can be stated as a major premise. The relationship between a supporting proposition or propositions and an inferred proposition can be restated in a quasi-deductive form by identifying the generalisation upon which the inference depends. (...)
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  17. Dissensus in Science as a Fact and as a Norm.Daniel Andler - 2013 - In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao González, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 493--506.
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  18. Interest, Epistemological Belief, and Intentional Conceptual Change.T. Andre & M. Windschitl - 2003 - In Gale M. Sinatra & Paul R. Pintrich (eds.), Intentional Conceptual Change. L. Erlbaum. pp. 173--197.
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  19. The Photometric Paradox Solved.P. Andrle - 1982 - Filosoficky Casopis 30 (3):450-452.
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  20. Defeasible Reasoning as a Cognitive Model.G. Aldo Antonelli - 1996 - In Krister Segerberg (ed.), The Parikh Project. Seven Papers in Honour of Rohit. Uppsala Prints & Preprints in Philosophy.
    One of the most important developments over the last twenty years both in logic and in Artificial Intelligence is the emergence of so-called non-monotonic logics. These logics were initially developed by McCarthy [10], McDermott & Doyle [13], and Reiter [17]. Part of the original motivation was to provide a formal framework within which to model cognitive phenomena such as defeasible inference and defeasible knowledge representation, i.e., to provide a formal account of the fact that reasoners can reach conclusions tentatively, reserving (...)
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  21. Formal Epistemology, Context and Content: Introduction to Special Issue on Recent Developments in Formal Epistemology.Horacio Arló-costa - 2008 - Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (4):395-401.
    This special issue presents a series of articles focusing on recent work in formal epistemology and formal philosophy. The articles in the latter category elaborate on the notion of context and content and their relationships. This work is not unrelated to recent developments in formal epistemology. Logical models of context, when connected with the representation of epistemic context, are clearly relevant for many issues considered by formal epistemologists. For example, the semantic framework Joe Halpern uses in his article for this (...)
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  22. Rationally Choosing Beliefs: Some Open Questions.Horacio Arló-Costa - 2006 - Análisis Filosófico 26 (1):93-114.
    Carlos Alchourrón, Peter Gärdenfors and David Makinson published in 1985 a seminal article on belief change in the Journal of Symbolic Logic. Researchers from various disciplines, from computer science to mathematical economics to philosophical logic, have continued the work first presented in this seminal paper during the last two decades. This paper explores some salient foundational trends that interpret the act of changing view as a decision. We will argue that some of these foundational trends are already present, although only (...)
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  23. Review of Vincent F. Hendricks, Mainstream and Formal Epistemology[REVIEW]Horacio Arló-Costa - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (7).
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  24. Qualitative and Probabilistic Models of Full Belief.Horacio Arlo-Costa - unknown
    Let L be a language containing the modal operator B - for full belief. An information model is a set E of stable L-theories. A sentence is valid if it is accepted in all theories of every model.
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  25. Formal Epistemology and Logic.Horacio Arló-Costa & Eduardo Fermé - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  26. Contraction: On the Decision-Theoretical Origins of Minimal Change and Entrenchment.Horacio Arló-Costa & Isaac Levi - 2006 - Synthese 152 (1):129 - 154.
    We present a decision-theoretically motivated notion of contraction which, we claim, encodes the principles of minimal change and entrenchment. Contraction is seen as an operation whose goal is to minimize loses of informational value. The operation is also compatible with the principle that in contracting A one should preserve the sentences better entrenched than A (when the belief set contains A). Even when the principle of minimal change and the latter motivation for entrenchment figure prominently among the basic intuitions in (...)
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  27. Fast and Frugal Heuristics: Rationality and the Limits of Naturalism.Horacio Arló-Costa & Arthur Paul Pedersen - 2013 - Synthese 190 (5):831-850.
    Gerd Gigerenzer and Thomas Sturm have recently proposed a modest form of what they describe as a normative, ecological and limited naturalism. The basic move in their argument is to infer that certain heuristics we tend to use should be used in the right ecological setting. To address this argument, we first consider the case of a concrete heuristic called Take the Best (TTB). There are at least two variants of the heuristic which we study by making explicit the choice (...)
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  28. Perception and Uniqueness: Evidence From English and Swedish Copy Raising. Ms., University of Canterbury. Submitted To.Ash Asudeh & Ida Toivonen - forthcoming - Linguistics and Philosophy.
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  29. Notes on the Logic of the Ignorance Relations.Sidney Axinn & David Axinn - 1976 - American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (2):135 - 143.
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  30. Common Knowledge and Limit Knowledge.Christian W. Bach & Jérémie Cabessa - 2012 - Theory and Decision 73 (3):423-440.
    We study the relationship between common knowledge and the sequence of iterated mutual knowledge from a topological point of view. It is shown that common knowledge is not equivalent to the limit of the sequence of iterated mutual knowledge. On that account the new epistemic operator limit knowledge is introduced and analyzed in the context of games. Indeed, an example is constructed where the behavioral implications of limit knowledge of rationality strictly refine those of common knowledge of rationality. More generally, (...)
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  31. The Revision of Hymnology.F. Ballard - 1927 - Hibbert Journal 26:153.
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  32. Coherence and Explanations.T. Balterborth - 1999 - Erkenntnis 50:209-224.
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  33. A Note on Theory Change and Belief Revision.Wolfgang Balzer, C. Ulises Moulines, Joseph D. Sneed, E. J. Olsson & S. Enqvist - 2011 - In Erik J. Olson Sebastian Enqvist (ed.), Belief Revision Meets Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 155.
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  34. Two Dogmas of Strong Objective Bayesianism.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay & Gordon Brittan - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):45 – 65.
    We introduce a distinction, unnoticed in the literature, between four varieties of objective Bayesianism. What we call ' strong objective Bayesianism' is characterized by two claims, that all scientific inference is 'logical' and that, given the same background information two agents will ascribe a unique probability to their priors. We think that neither of these claims can be sustained; in this sense, they are 'dogmatic'. The first fails to recognize that some scientific inference, in particular that concerning evidential relations, is (...)
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  35. Titu Maiorescu Pledoarie Pentru Inteligenta.Maria Cornelia Bârliba - 1992
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  36. Rules of Weight.Charles L. Barzun - manuscript
    A central assumption of modern evidence law is that its rules are rules of admissibility only. That is, they tell judges whether or not a given piece of evidence may be viewed by the fact-finder, but they do not purport to tell the finder of fact how to evaluate the evidence once admitted. One can imagine, however, a system of rules that help fact-finders weigh evidence by instructing them, for instance, that the law considers a class of evidence (say, hearsay) (...)
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  37. Progress and Power. Introd. By Leo Gershoy.Carl Lotus Becker - 1960 - Knopf.
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  38. Progress and Power.Carl Lotus Becker - 1949 - Vintage Books.
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  39. Probability, Reasonable Behavior, and Reasonable Belief.William John Beckett - 1962 - Dissertation, Brown University
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  40. What Causal Conditional Reasoning Tells Us About People's Understanding of Causality.Sieghard Beller & Gregory Kuhnmünch - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):426-460.
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  41. Reasoning with Defeasible Principles.Marvin Belzer - 1986 - Synthese 66 (1):135 - 158.
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  42. An Overview of Possibilistic Handling of Default Reasoning, with Experimental Studies.Benferhat Salem, F. Bonnefon Jean & Neves Rui da Silva - 2005 - Synthese 146 (1-2):53-70.
    This paper first provides a brief survey of a possibilistic handling of default rules. A set of default rules of the form, "generally, from α deduce β", is viewed as the family of possibility distributions satisfying constraints expressing that the situation where α and β is true has a greater plausibility than the one where α and ⇁β is true. When considering only the subset of linear possibility distributions, the well-known System P of postulates proposed by Kraus, Lehmann and Magidor, (...)
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  43. Consumo e hipermodernidad: una revisión de la teoría de Gilles Liporvetsky.Luis Enrique Alonso Benito & Carlos Jesús Fernández Rodríguez - 2010 - Anuario Filosófico 43 (98):325-351.
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  44. Explanatory Hypotheses in Language Theory.Harold Leslie Berghel - 1977 - Dissertation, The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
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  45. On the Notion of Uncertain Belief Revision Systems.C. Bernasconi, Silvano Rivoira & Settimo Termini - 1991 - In B. Bouchon-Meunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.), Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases. Springer. pp. 232--238.
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  46. On the Merits of Entrenchment.R. J. Bertolet - 1976 - Analysis 37 (1):29 - 31.
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  47. Justifying Inference to the Best Explanation as a Practical Meta-Syllogism on Dialectical Structures.Gregor Betz - 2013 - Synthese 190 (16):3553-3578.
    This article discusses how inference to the best explanation can be justified as a practical meta - argument. It is, firstly, justified as a practical argument insofar as accepting the best explanation as true can be shown to further a specific aim. And because this aim is a discursive one which proponents can rationally pursue in — and relative to — a complex controversy, namely maximising the robustness of one’s position, IBE can be conceived, secondly, as a meta - argument. (...)
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  48. Revamping Hypothetico-Deductivism: A Dialectic Account of Confirmation. [REVIEW]Gregor Betz - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (5):991-1009.
    We use recently developed approaches in argumentation theory in order to revamp the hypothetico-deductive model of confirmation, thus alleviating the well-known paradoxes the H-D account faces. More specifically, we introduce the concept of dialectic confirmation on the background of the so-called theory of dialectical structures (Betz 2010, 2012b). Dialectic confirmation generalises hypothetico-deductive confirmation and mitigates the raven paradox, the grue paradox, the tacking paradox, the paradox from conceptual difference, and the problem of surprising evidence.
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  49. Debate Dynamics: How Controversy Improves Our Beliefs.Gregor Betz - 2012 - Springer.
    By means of multi-agent simulations, it investigates the truth and consensus-conduciveness of controversial debates. The book brings together research in formal epistemology and argumentation theory.
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  50. On Degrees of Justification.Gregor Betz - 2012 - Erkenntnis 77 (2):237-272.
    This paper gives an explication of our intuitive notion of strength of justification in a controversial debate. It defines a thesis' degree of justification within the bipolar argumentation framework of the theory of dialectical structures as the ratio of coherently adoptable positions according to which that thesis is true over all coherently adoptable positions. Broadening this definition, the notion of conditional degree of justification, i.e.\ degree of partial entailment, is introduced. Thus defined degrees of justification correspond to our pre-theoretic intuitions (...)
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