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  1. A Good Life in the Market: An Introduction to Business Ethics.Gary Chartier - 2019 - Great Barrington, MA, USA: American Institute for Economic Research.
    A Good Life in the Market develops a framework for thinking about business ethics, examining the nature and potential of markets before crisply exploring a set of important issues—from immigration to intellectual property to boycotts to workplace governance. Provocative, engaging, and conversational, Gary Chartier offers tools and perspectives that will help you flourish in the world of business.
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  2. Actor and Institutional Dynamics in the Development of Multi-Stakeholder Initiatives.Anica Zeyen, Markus Beckmann & Stella Wolters - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (2):341-360.
    As forms of private self-regulation, multi-stakeholder initiatives have emerged as an important empirical phenomenon in global governance processes. At the same time, MSIs are also theoretically intriguing because of their inherent double nature. On the one hand, MSIs spell out CSR standards that define norms for corporate behavior. On the other hand, MSIs are also the result of corporate and stakeholder behavior. We combine the perspectives of institutional theory and club theory to conceptualize this double nature of MSIs. Based on (...)
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  3. Is Fair Treatment Enough? Augmenting the Fairness-Based Perspective on Stakeholder Behaviour.Sefa Hayibor - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (1):43-64.
    Fairness and justice are core issues in stakeholder theory. Although such considerations receive more attention in the ‘normative’ branch of the stakeholder literature, they have critical implications for ‘instrumental’ stakeholder theory as well. In research in the instrumental vein, although the position has seldom been articulated in significant detail, a stakeholder’s inclination to take action against the firm or, conversely, to cooperate with it, is often taken to be a function of its perceptions concerning the fairness or unfairness of the (...)
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  4. Stakeholder Theory Classification: A Theoretical and Empirical Evaluation of Definitions.Samantha Miles - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 142 (3):437-459.
    Stakeholder theory is widely accepted but elementary aspects remain indeterminate as the term ‘stakeholder’ is an essentially contested concept, being variously describable, internally complex and open in character. Such contestability is highly problematic for theory development and empirical testing. The extent of essential contestability, previously unknown, is demonstrated in this paper through a bounded systematic review of 593 different stakeholder theory definitions. As an essentially contested concept, the solution does not lie in a universal stakeholder definition, but in debating the (...)
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  5. Stakeholder Salience for Stakeholder Firms: An Attempt to Reframe an Important Heuristic Device.Mohammad Ali - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (1):153-168.
    This work underscores the importance of answering the question: who are organizational stakeholders? It argues that stakeholder theory is a normative management theory, and there is a need to differentiate between stakeholder and non-stakeholder firms. It further argues that the overall organizational stakeholder orientation indicates how narrowly or broadly organizations define their stakeholders. Therefore, this work attempts to provide a stakeholder salience scheme for stakeholder organizations, i.e., organizations with accommodative and proactive stakeholder orientations. In the process, this work reviews key (...)
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  6. The Impact of Stakeholder Identities on Value Creation in Issue-Based Stakeholder Networks.Thomas Schneider & Sybille Sachs - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (1):41-57.
    In this conceptual paper, we draw on social identity theory as a means to bridge individuals’ memberships in social groups with value creation in stakeholder networks defined by a socio-economic issue. To address recent calls for microfoundations of stakeholder theory, we introduce a reconceptualization of stakeholders as social groups to examine how value is defined and interpreted in intergroup processes embedded in an issue-based stakeholder network. We establish a theoretical model of value creation that links individuals’ identification with stakeholder groups (...)
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  7. Investigating the Dynamics of Stakeholder Salience: What Happens When the Institutional Change Process Unfolds?Shahzad Khurram & Sandra Charreire Petit - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 143 (3):485-515.
    Using data collected through semi-structured open-ended interviews and archival material, we examined the transience of stakeholders’ salience in the organisational field going through institutional change process. We found strong support for the dominant institutional logic-stakeholder salience relationship. More importantly, the results of our study reveal that changes in stakeholders’ salience are directly related to changes in stakeholders’ attributes. Moreover, we uncover mutual associations among various types of salience attributes and show that the degree of mutual association of various types of (...)
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  8. Fairness, Communication and Engagement: New Developments in Stakeholder Theory. Stakeholder Theory and Organizational Ethics Robert Phillips San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2003; ISBN 1576752682 Unfolding Stakeholder Thinking Joerg Andriof, Sandra Waddock, Bryan Husted, and Sandra Sutherland Rahman, Editors Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishers, 2002 , 2003. [REVIEW]Jeffery Smith - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (4):711-721.
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  9. Is Stakeholder Theory Really Ethical?Okechukwu Enyinna - 2013 - African Journal of Business Ethics 7 (2):79.
    Stakeholder theory claims to promote moral values in business and this claim is generally accepted. Yet, literature shows that the theory is fundamentally strategic and only incidentally normative. This paper explores the assumptions of philosophical pragmatism that underpin the theory and concludes that the theory does not qualify as normative, since its conception of morality is basically hypothetical.
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  10. Intra‐Stakeholder Alliances in Plant‐Closing Decisions: A Stakeholder Theory Approach.Yves Fassin, Simone de Colle & R. Edward Freeman - 2017 - Business Ethics: A European Review 26 (2):97-111.
    This article discusses plant-closing decisions by multinational enterprises applying a stakeholder theory approach. In particular, we focus on the emergence of “intra-stakeholder alliances,” that is, alliances among the various stakeholder groups of a specific corporation. We analyze the emergence of stakeholder alliances in reaction to MNEs' decisions to terminate production locally and discuss their influence on the outcomes of such decisions. Our research is inspired by two exceptional case studies of two multinational breweries that announced their decisions to close niche (...)
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  11. Managing Biodiversity Through Stakeholder Involvement: Why, Who, and for What Initiatives?Olivier Boiral & Iñaki Heras-Saizarbitoria - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (3):403-421.
    The increasing pressures to conserve biodiversity—particularly for industries based on the exploitation of natural resources—have reinforced the need to implement specific measures in this area. Corporate commitment to preserving biodiversity is increasingly scrutinized by stakeholders and now represents an important aspect of business ethics. Although stakeholder involvement is often essential to the management of biodiversity, very few studies in the literature have focused on the details of this involvement. The objective of this paper is to analyze how mining and forestry (...)
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  12. Ties That Grind? Corroborating a Typology of Social Contracting Problems.Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens, Muel Kaptein & J. van Oosterhout - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 49 (3):235-252.
    Contractualism conceives of firm-stakeholder relations as cooperative schemes for mutual benefit. In essence, contractualism holds that these schemes, as well as the normative principles that guide and constrain them, are ultimately ratified by the consent and endorsement of those subject to them. This paper explores the empirical validity of a contractualist perspective on firm-stakeholder relations. It first develops a typology of firm-stakeholder contracting problems. It subsequently confronts this typology with empirical data collected in an interview study of concrete stakeholder management (...)
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  13. Stakeholder Democracy: Challenges and Contributions From Social Accounting.Brendan O'Dwyer - 2005 - Business Ethics 14 (1):28-41.
  14. A Precis of a Communicative Theory of the Firm.Jeffery D. Smith - 2004 - Business Ethics 13 (4):317-331.
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  15. Economic Contracts Versus Social Relationships as a Foundation for Normative Stakeholder Theory.John Hendry - 2001 - Business Ethics 10 (3):223-232.
    A number of the most influential presentations of normative stakeholder theory are based upon an economic model of the firm as a nexus of contracts. In this paper I argue that the use of such a model to address moral issues is both logically and practically problematic and effectively undermines the stakeholder position. I then sketch out the key characteristics of an alternative, social relationships model of the firm, and show how this might provide a basis for the development of (...)
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  16. Analysing Moral Issues in Stakeholder Relations.Johanna Kujala - 2001 - Business Ethics 10 (3):233-247.
    The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework for analysing managers’ attitudes toward moral issues in stakeholder relations, and to operationalise the developed framework by defining statements to be used as empirical measures in survey research. The research question, how can moral issues in business be examined with the stakeholder approach, is answered by paying attention to both theoretical and empirical viewpoints. The paper reveals that by analysing a company’s stakeholder relations, we can discover the important moral issues (...)
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  17. FOCUS: Stakeholder Responsibilities: Turning the Ethical Tables.Jack Mahoney - 1994 - Business Ethics 3 (4):212-218.
    Stakeholder theory aims at identifying those who have rights or interests at stake in business behaviour. Can we turn the tables and also consider what ethical responsibilities various stakeholders may have for the good behaviour of business? The author is Editor of this Review. This article contains material which also appeared in the Hugh Kay Memorial Lecture for 1993 delivered by the author under the auspices of the Christian Association of Business Executives, London.
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  18. Discursively Prioritizing Stakeholder Interests: An Inquiry Into Habermas’s Distinction Between Morality and Ethics.Bastiaan van der Linden - 2012 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 31 (3-4):419-439.
    Contributions to stakeholder theory often do not systematically deal with the prioritization of stakeholder interests. An exception to this is Reed’s Habermasianapproach to stakeholder management. Central to Reed’s discursive approach is Habermas’s distinction between morality and ethics. Many authors in business ethics argue that, because of its distinction between morality and ethics, discourse ethics is well suited for dealing with the pluralism that characterizes modern society, but also mention complications with the application of this distinction. This paper taps into the (...)
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  19. Stakeholder Conceptions of the Corporation: Their Meaning and Influence in Accounting Research.Robin W. Roberts & Lois Mahoney - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (3):399-431.
    In this paper we develop a categorization scheme for stakeholder research based on differences in studies’ primary level of analysis and use this scheme to review and critique genres of stakeholder-based accounting research. We draw three primary conclusions: 1) stakeholder research in accounting should more clearly incorporate the business ethics stakeholder literature, 2) ethical issues are much less likely to be considered in stakeholderbased accounting research when a managerial agency level of analysis is adopted, and 3) the accounting discipline can (...)
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  20. Corporate and Stakeholder Responsibility: Making Business Ethics a Two-Way Conversation.Jerry D. Goodstein & Andrew C. Wicks - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (3):375-398.
    In this article we revisit the notion of stakeholder responsibility as a way to highlight the role that stakeholders have in creating anethical business context. We argue for modifying the prevailing focus on corporate responsibility to stakeholders, and giving more serious attention to the importance of stakeholder responsibility—to firms, and to other stakeholders who are part of the collective enterprise. We elaborate why stakeholder responsibility matters, and suggest how making stakeholder responsibility a central focus of academics and practitioners can redefine (...)
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  21. The Effects of Context on Trust in Firm-Stakeholder Relationships: The Institutional Environment, Trust Creation, and Firm Performance.Andrew C. Wicks & Shawn L. Berman - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (1):141-160.
    Recent work on the subject speaks to the importance trust has for firm performance. Yetlittle work has been done to show how context affects the ability of firms to create trust in relationships with key stakeholders. This paperlooks at how the institutional environment may affect the performance of different strategies for managing firm-stakeholder relationships, and in turn, how this affects firm performance. The authors put forward propositions that build on these theoretical insights and offer prospects for future empirical work.
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  22. Who and What Really Matters to the Firm: Moving Stakeholder Salience Beyond Managerial Perceptions.Pete Tashman & Jonathan Raelin - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (4):591-616.
    We develop the concept of stakeholder salience to account for stakeholders who should matter to the firm, even when managers do not perceive them as important. While managers are responsible for attributing salience to stakeholders, they can overlook or ignore stakeholder importance because of market frictions that affect managerial perceptions or induce opportunism. When this happens, corporate financial and social performance can suffer. Thus, we propose that the perceptions of organizational and societal stakeholders should also codetermine the salience of the (...)
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  23. Stakeholder Happiness Enhancement: A Neo-Utilitarian Objective for the Modern Corporation.Thomas M. Jones & Will Felps - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (3):349-379.
    Employing utilitarian criteria, Jones and Felps, in “Shareholder Wealth Maximization and Social Welfare: A Utilitarian Critique”, examined the sequential logic leading from shareholder wealth maximization to maximal social welfare and uncovered several serious empirical and conceptual shortcomings. After rendering shareholder wealth maximization seriously compromised as an objective for corporate operations, they provided a set of criteria regarding what a replacement corporate objective would look like, but do not offer a specific alternative. In this article, we draw on neo-utilitarian thought to (...)
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  24. The Missing Link in Stakeholder Theory: A Philosophical Framework.Anja Matwijkiw & Bronik Matwijkiw - 2014 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):125-154.
    The authors take a fresh look at the distinction between narrow and broad stakeholder theory, as represented by the business management models of Milton Friedman and R. Edward Freeman respectively. The main goal is a critical examination of the criteria and consequences of a practical application in the area of international law, a project that involves scrutinizing each version’s doctrinal assumptions as well as a comparative assessment. Emphasizing fundamental rights and corresponding duties, the starting point is that neither Friedman nor (...)
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  25. Stakeholder Theory and the ‘Black Box Problem’: Internal Clarity or Confusion?Magnus Frostenson - 2009 - Philosophy of Management 8 (3):37-46.
    Portraying the firm as a ‘black box’, as traditional conceptions of the firm tend to do, has been strongly criticised by stakeholder theorists. This article claims, however, that the ‘black box problem’ has not been satisfactorily resolved by stakeholder theory itself. The failure to bring clarity to the internal realities of the firm has led to unacceptable conceptions of the firm from a moral agency point of view. For example, stakeholder theory tends to portray the firm as an exchange system (...)
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  26. Stakeholder Voice: A Problem, a Solution and a Challenge for Managers and Academics.Harry J. Van Buren Iii & Michelle Greenwood - 2009 - Philosophy of Management 8 (3):15-23.
    The 25th anniversary of R. Edward Freeman’s Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach provides an opportunity to consider where stakeholder theory has been, where it is going, and how it might influence the behavior of academics conducting stakeholder-oriented research. We propose that Freeman’s early work on the stakeholder concept supports the normative claim that a stakeholder’s contribution to value creation implies a right to stakeholder voice with regard to how a corporation makes decisions. Failure to account for stakeholder voice works to (...)
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  27. Normative Stakeholder Capitalism.Marc-Charles Ingerson, Bradley R. Agle, Thomas Donaldson, Paul C. Godfrey & Jared D. Harris - 2015 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 34 (3):377-406.
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  28. Instrumental Stakeholder Theory and Paradigm Consensus in Business and Society.Thomas M. Jones - 1995 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 6:1263-1272.
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  29. The Case of a Multi-Stakeholder Collaborative Process to Implement the 3Rs.Marie-France Turcotte - 1995 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 6:1213-1223.
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  30. A Stakeholder Analysis of an Environmental Issue.Salme Näsi, Grant T. Savage & Juha Näsi - 1995 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 6:1105-1116.
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  31. Stakeholder Expectations From Boards of Directors.Morten Huse - 1994 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 5:689-700.
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  32. The Management of Stakeholder Relationships in Totalitarian and Democratic Societies.Max B. E. Clarkson - 1995 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 6:427-438.
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  33. Stakeholder Theory and Liabilities of Newness in New Ventures.Ronald K. Mitchell - 1994 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 5:677-688.
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  34. Is the Environment an Organizational Stakeholder? Naturally!Mark Starik - 1993 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 4:921-932.
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  35. Stakeholder Pressure Against Immoral Management.Minna Halme & Juha Näsi - 1992 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 3:552-567.
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  36. Stakeholder Theory.Lori Verstegen Ryan - 1995 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 6:279-288.
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  37. What is at Stake in the Stakeholder Model?Jerry M. Calton - 1992 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 3:410-429.
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  38. Operationalizing the Stakeholder Theory of the Firm.James Weber - 1992 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 3:400-409.
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  39. The Visual Display of Information in Stakeholder and Issue Analysis.Mary J. Mallott - 1992 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 3:297-311.
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  40. The Stakeholder Theory of the Firm and Organizational Decision Making.Steven N. Brenner - 1993 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 4:405-416.
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  41. YOU’N I ("UNI") in Strategic Management and Stakeholder Control.Morten Huse & Dorthe Eide - 1993 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 4:271-283.
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  42. Organizational Justice and the Management of Stakeholder Relations.Bryan W. Husted - 1994 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 5:37-48.
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  43. The Stakeholder Theory of Corporate Control and the Place of Ethics in OHADA: The Case of Cameroon.Irene Sama-Lang & Njonguo Abel Zesung - 2016 - African Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1).
    The rapid increase in globalization in the last two and a half decades has caused businesses to easily transcend national boundaries. States respond to such flexibility by harmonising their laws to easily adapt to such changes in order to attract investments. This is the case with the OHADA jurisdiction where its architects foresaw an economic spur through integration of business laws. Though expected to stay within the bounds of the law, the law cannot absolutely determine how businesses should prioritise their (...)
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  44. Moving From Stakeholder Analysis to Stakeholder Theory.Susan Key & Hany J. Van Buren - 2000 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 11:463-471.
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  45. A Legal Foundation For Stakeholder Theory.Tara J. Radin - 2000 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 11:495-511.
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  46. Influence of Culture on Stakeholder Identification.Mark Veser - 2000 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 11:539-550.
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  47. Capability Building Through Noncooperative Stakeholder Relationships.Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens, Frans A. J. Van Den Bosch & Cees B. M. Van Riel - 2000 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 11:431-440.
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  48. Managing Social Risk Through Stakeholder Partnership Building.Jörg Andriol - 2000 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 11:341-360.
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  49. Stakeholder Judgments of Value.Leena Lankoski, N. Craig Smith & Luk Van Wassenhove - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (2):227-256.
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  50. Moral Salience and the Role of Goodwill in Firm-Stakeholder Trust Repair.Jill A. Brown, Ann K. Buchholtz & Paul Dunn - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (2):181-199.
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