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  1. An Instrumentalist Theory of Political Legitimacy.Matthias Brinkmann - forthcoming - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    We are all subjected to the power of the state and other entities such as the EU. But what justifies the far-reaching power of these institutions? Standard theories suggest that consent, democracy, or justification make exercising power legitimate. This book, however, argues that these approaches do not survive philosophical scrutiny. Instead, it develops a radical theory of political legitimacy according to which power is justified because of the outcomes it brings about. It does not primarily matter, then, how power is (...)
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  2. Apuntes críticos acerca del atomismo político radical o individualismo asocial: Análisis de sus argumentos y contradicciones.Camilo Schenone Riquelme - 2023 - Metanoia: Revista Académica de la Escuela Profesional de Filosofía de la Universidad Antonio Ruiz de Montoya 8 (1):146-159.
    RESUMEN El siguiente ensayo tiene como objetivo delimitar los argumentos bases que dan origen a la teoría política conocida como atomismo. Para ello será necesario hacer un análisis de sus orígenes en las proposiciones del contrato social, así como de las razones por las cuales se considera al individuo como autosuficiente, para luego ver cómo esto mismo les da un fundamento a los derechos de esta índole. Ello nos demostrará la importancia de replantear estos argumentos, si es que hacen posible (...)
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  3. Public Reason Naturalism.James Dominic Rooney - forthcoming - American Journal of Jurisprudence.
    I will argue that the natural law theory of morality, when extended into a political theory of justice, results in a picture of political justice much like that of public reason liberalism. However, natural law political theory, I argue, need not entail a natural law theory of morality. While facts about what societies ought to do supervene upon facts about what is good for human beings, there are distinct goods involved and distinct reasons for action. Rather, considerations taken from the (...)
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  4. Property and non-ideal theory.Adam Lovett - 2023 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 1:1-25.
    According to the standard story, there are two defensible theories of property rights: historical and institutional theories. The former says that you own something when you’ve received it via an unbroken chain of just transfers from its original appropriation. The latter says that you own something when you’ve been assigned it by just institutions. This standard story says that the historical theory throws up a barrier to redistributive economic policies while the institutional theory does not. In this paper, I argue (...)
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  5. The Project Pursuit Argument for Self-Ownership and Private Property.Fabian Wendt - 2022 - Social Theory and Practice 48 (3):583-605.
    The article argues that persons should be conceived as self-owners and entitled to acquire private property within justifiable property conventions because they should be able to live as project pursuers. This is the ‘project pursuit argument’. It leads to a conception of self-ownership that is stringent, but weaker than standard libertarian notions of self-ownership, and to an understanding of private property as a convention that has to meet a sufficientarian threshold in order to be justifiable.
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  6. Derechos y conflictos entre derechos. Un análisis metafísico.Miguel Garcia-Godinez - 2019 - In Miguel Garcia-Godinez & Diana Gonzalez (eds.), Conflictos entre derechos. Ensayos desde la filosofía práctica. Mexico City, CDMX, Mexico: pp. 63-99.
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  7. Conflictos entre derechos. Ensayos desde la filosofía práctica.Miguel Garcia-Godinez & Diana Gonzalez (eds.) - 2019 - Mexico City, CDMX, Mexico: CEC_SCJN.
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  8. Grounding procedural rights.N. P. Adams - 2019 - Legal Theory (1):3-25.
    Contrary to the widely accepted consensus, Christopher Heath Wellman argues that there are no pre-institutional judicial procedural rights. Thus commonly affirmed rights like the right to a fair trial cannot be assumed in the literature on punishment and legal philosophy as they usually are. Wellman canvasses and rejects a variety of grounds proposed for such rights. I answer his skepticism by proposing two novel grounds for procedural rights. First, a general right against unreasonable risk of punishment grounds rights to an (...)
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  9. Must Politics Be War? Restoring Our Trust in the Open Society.Kevin Vallier - 2017 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    Americans today are far less likely to trust their institutions, and each other, than in decades past. This collapse in social and political trust arguably fuels our increasingly ferocious ideological conflicts and hardened partisanship. Many believe that our previously high levels of trust and bipartisanship were a pleasant anomaly and that we now live under the historic norm. Seen this way, politics itself is nothing more than a power struggle between groups with irreconcilable aims: contemporary American politics is war because (...)
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  10. The Curious Case of Ronald McDonald’s Claim to Rights: An Ontological Account of Differences in Group and Individual Person Rights: Winner of the 2016 Essay Competition of the International Social Ontology Society.Leonie Smith - 2018 - Journal of Social Ontology 4 (1):1-28.
    Performative accounts of personhood argue that group agents are persons, fit to be held responsible within the social sphere. Nonetheless, these accounts want to retain a moral distinction between group and individual persons. That: Group-persons can be responsible for their actions qua persons, but that group-persons might nonetheless not have rights equivalent to those of human persons. I present an argument which makes sense of this disanalogy, without recourse to normative claims or additional ontological commitments. I instead ground rights in (...)
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  11. Hayek's Critique of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.Jean-Philippe Feldman - 1999 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 9 (4):529-540.
    Critiquer la Déclaration universelle des droits de l’homme du 10 décembre 1948 paraît relever de la provocation ou de l’inconscience. Ses contempteurs, qu’il s’agisse des marxistes ou des conservateurs, se sont déconsidérés. Nonobstant, c’est avec force courage que Hayek s’est attelé dès 1966 à une critique en règle de cette déclaration “constructiviste” dont l’objectif impossible était de fusionner les droits de la tradition libérale avec ceux de la conception marxiste. Le Prix Nobel démontre que les nouveaux droits ainsi proclamés ne (...)
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  12. Human Rights and The Right to be Loved.Japa Pallikkathayil - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (3):743-748.
  13. Reason‐Giving and Rights‐Bearing: Constructing the Subject of Rights.Seyla Benhabib - 2013 - Constellations 20 (1):38-50.
  14. O’Neill on Rights.Karl Amerik - 1993 - Social Philosophy Today 8:51-61.
  15. Four Lectures on the Philosophical Fundamentals of Human Rights.Clark Butler - unknown
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  16. The Transnational Muslim World, the Foundations and Origins of Human Rights, and Their Ongoing Intersections.Anthony Chase - 2007 - Muslim World Journal of Human Rights 4 (1).
    To understand the Muslim world it is essential to see it in a transnational context that is informed by its heterogeneity, power contestations, and continuous change. To understand human rights' foundations and origins it is essential to grapple with its legal, political, normative, and institutional groundings, and bear in mind its ongoing reconfigurations and global impacts. Each of these tasks is illustrated by how movements for the rights of women and sexual minorities have come to impact on the transnational Muslim (...)
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  17. A Study on the Moral Foundation of Housing Rights.Kim Dae-Gun - 2011 - Journal of Ethics: The Korean Association of Ethics 1 (81):57-77.
  18. Which Rights are Universal?Daniel A. Bell - 1999 - Political Theory 27 (6):849-856.
  19. The Philosophical Foundations of Property Rights.A. B. Carter - unknown
  20. »Elektra« und Hegels Unterbewertung der Individualität und öffentlichen Gerechtigkeit auf der antiken Szene.Machiel Keestra - 1999 - Hegel-Jahrbuch 1 (1):116-120.
    With the positively ending Elektra, Sophocles wanted to show the audience how political and moral independence, judgment and the courage to act are necessary - to a sometimes extreme extent - for the good of the family and the state. Even in the old democracy, virtue - which for Hegel was a principle of democracy - was not enough on its own. The downfall of democracy was probably due to a lack of individuality rather than the emergence of that individuality. (...)
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  21. Fichtes Deduktion der Leiblichkeit. Interpretation der §§ 5-6 des Naturrechts von 1796.Max Gottschlich - 2014 - In Thomas Sören Hoffmann (ed.), Das Recht als Form der "Gemeinschaft freier Wesen als solcher". Fichtes Rechtsphilosophie in ihren aktuellen Bezügen, ed. by Thomas S. Hoffmann (= Begriff und Konkretion. Beiträge zur Gegenwart der klassischen Deutschen Philosophie vol. 1). Duncker&Humblot. pp. 41-86.
  22. On Norman Wilde’s “The Meaning of Rights”.Charles Girard - 2015 - Ethics 125 (2):543-545,.
    In “The Meaning of Rights,” Norman Wilde offers an original account of rights, still of interest. Rights, he contends, are possessed by an individual by virtue of the social function she fulfills. It is because individuals belong to a common social order, in which each has her part to play, that they are “entitled to the conditions necessary for playing it” [288]. This approach allows for a nuanced view, according to which rights are neither absolutely inherent to the individual nor (...)
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  23. Obligations to Educate: The Justification of Children's Rights to Education.Scott Howard Bilow - 1988 - Dissertation, Cornell University
    The aim of the dissertation is to determine the basis of, and thus to justify, children's rights to education. ;The dissertation surveys and exposes the failings of a variety of arguments purporting to justify children's rights. Several of these arguments fail for a common reason. They conceive a threshold of personhood, a developmental boundary signifying the acquisition of a special moral standing. On this view, the purpose of education is to bring children across the threshold, to form them into persons. (...)
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  24. The Unjust Exercise of Emergency Powers in Bangladesh and Their Consequent Impact on the Fundamental Rights: A Critical Appraisal.M. Ehteshamul Bari - 2014 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 21 (2):555-577.
  25. An African Theory of Social Justice.Thaddeus Metz - 2016 - In Camilla Boisen & Matthew Murray (eds.), Distributive Justice Debates in Political and Social Thought: Perspectives on Finding a Fair Share. Routledge. pp. 171-190.
    A comprehensive account of justice grounded on salient Afro-communitarian values, the article attempts to unify views about the distribution of economic resources, the protection of human rights and the provision of social recognition as ultimately being about proper ways to value loving relationships.
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  26. Exploring the Justifications for Human Rights.Angela Christelis - unknown
    In this paper the concept of a?human right? is analysed and clarified. Some justifications for human rights? such as natural rights theory, contractarianism, utilitarianism and rights as vital interests? are explored with respect to their emphasis on rights as protected choices or protected interests. Finally, a vital interests view is defended in which the rights to subsistence, security, and liberty of movement and political participation form the set of our basic rights without which we cannot enjoy our other rights.
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  27. The Heart of Human Rights.Allen Buchanan - 2013 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    This book is the first in-depth attempt to provide a moral assessment of the heart of the modern human rights enterprise: the system of international legal human rights.
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  28. Getting Normative: The Role of Natural Rights in Constitutional Adjudication.Randy E. Barnett - 2001 - In Robert George (ed.), Natural Law, Liberalism, and Morality: Contemporary Essays. Oxford University Press.
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  29. Whose rights? A critique of individual agency as the basis of rights.E. Glen Weyl - 2009 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 8 (2):139-171.
    I argue that individuals may be as problematic political agents as groups are. In doing so, I draw on theory from economics, philosophy, and computer science and evidence from psychology, neuroscience, and biology. If successful, this argument undermines agency-based justifications for embracing strong notions of individual rights while rejecting the possibility of similar rights for groups. For concreteness, I critique these mistaken views by rebutting arguments given by Chandran Kukathas in his article `Are There Any Cultural Rights?' that groups lack (...)
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  30. The Good is Prior to the Right: Rosemont on Human Rights.Ewing Y. Chinn - 2008 - In Marthe Chandler Ronnie Littlejohn (ed.), Polishing the Chinese Mirror: Essays in Honor of Henry Rosemont, Jr. pp. 67.
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  31. Corporations and Fundamental Rights: What is the Nature of Their Obligations, if any?David Bilchitz - 2013 - In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer. pp. 1053--1076.
  32. Law and Rights.Claudio Corradetti - 2010 - In Richard Corrigan (ed.), Ethics: A University Guide. Progressive Frontiers Pubs.. pp. 221.
  33. In between individual reality and universal demand. Reflections on the Ethics of economic, social and cultural rights.Christian Beck - 2009 - Disputatio Philosophica 11 (1):65 - 77.
  34. Norberto Bobbio: An Age of Rights without Foundations.Luca Baccelli - 2010 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 2 (4):401-422.
    The title of the following essay echoes one of Bobbio’s most famous books, and emphasizes one of its main issues: that of providing a “foundation” for the idea of rights. This essay summarizes what Bobbio means by “the age of rights” and presents his principal criticisms of any supposedly “absolute foundation” for rights. In exploring the notion of an age of rights without foundations Bobbio raised a number of crucial issues that effectively anticipated the contemporary debate around problems concerning the (...)
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  35. The Rights-Ascription Problem.George E. Panichas - 1997 - Social Theory and Practice 23 (3):365-398.
    This paper addresses the rights-ascription problem—the problem of determining what properties or characteristics one must have to qualify for fundamental rights. As argued here, one traditional response to this problem—the “humanity standard”—fails because rather than recognizing the problem as one of moral predication regarding actual individuals, it accepts nominal membership in a vaguely defined class (e.g., “humanity”) as adequate grounds for ascribing these rights. This failure encourages the hypothesis pursued here, viz., that qualifying for fundamental rights is a matter of (...)
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  36. The Logical Foundation of Fundamental Rights and their Universality.Luca Baccelli - 2011 - Res Publica 17 (4):369-376.
    This paper offers a critical analysis of two central issues in Luigi Ferrajoli’s Principia iuris , and more generally of his theory of rights. One is the way in which ‘expectations’ play a crucial role in his deontic theory by establishing the logical basis for his guarantee-based conception of law and rights. The axiomatic way in which Ferrajoli arrives at his conception of fundamental rights is questioned, for it fails to give a full account of the nature of subjective rights. (...)
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  37. Book Notes. [REVIEW]Fritz Allhoff, Amy L. Peikoff, Stephen H. Phillips, Avital Simhony & George Streeter - 2005 - Ethics 115 (2):435-439.
Contractarian And Consent Theories
  1. Immigration and Collective Property.Stephen Kershnar - 2022 - Analítica 2:12-41.
    The notion that immigrants have a right to immigrate to the U.S. appears to conflict with the government’s or citizens’ property rights. Michael Huemer has given one of the most interesting and provocative arguments on immigration in years. It turns the dominant view on its head. Unfortunately, the argument fails. U.S. citizens own land, individually, collectively, and via their government. For immigrants to gain a right to enter on it, Huemer must think that the landowners have lost their rights to (...)
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  2. Signing on: A Contractarian Understanding of How Public History is Used for Civic Inclusion.Daniel Abrahams - 2023 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 26 (5):651-665.
    What makes public history more than just another hill to fight over in culture war politics? In this paper I propose a novel way of understanding the political significance of how public history creates and shapes identities: a contractarian one. I argue that public history can be sensibly understood as representing groups as a society’s contracting parties. One particular value of the contractarian approach is that it helps to elucidate the phenomenon of “signing on,” where a marginalized or oppressed group (...)
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  3. Human Rights under Emergency.Giulio Fornaroli & Cristián Rettig - 2023 - Social Theory and Practice 49 (3):437-462.
    International human rights law allows states to derogate some of their human rights obligations in times of public emergency. This essay attempts a normative assessment of the practice of derogation. We discuss, specifically, whether derogation is compatible with the logics and morality of rights. We notice that a major inconsistency between rights and derogation derives from the unilateral character of derogation: derogating parties are assigned a power-right to annul their own rights-based obligations. This contrasts with the idea, central to rights, (...)
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  4. Consent and the Mere Means Principle.Samuel Kahn - 2022 - Journal of Value Inquiry:1-19.
    Kant’s Formula of Humanity can be analyzed into two parts. One is an injunction to treat humanity always as an end. The other is a prohibition on using humanity as a mere means. The second is often referred to as the FH prohibition or the mere means prohibition. It has become popular to interpret this prohibition in terms of consent. The idea is that, if X uses Y's humanity as a means and Y does not consent to it, then X (...)
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  5. What Makes Personal Data Processing by Social Networking Services Permissible?Lichelle Wolmarans & Alex Voorhoeve - 2022 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 52 (1):93-108.
    Social Networking Services provide services in return for rights to commercialize users’ personal data. We argue that what makes this transaction permissible is not users’ autonomous consent but the provision of sufficiently valuable opportunities to exchange data for services. We argue that the value of these opportunities should be assessed for both (a) a range of users with different decision-making abilities and (b) third parties. We conclude that regulation should shift from aiming to ensure autonomous consent towards ensuring that users (...)
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  6. The Paradox of Consent.Stephen Kershnar - 2019 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):305-318.
    If consent is valid (that is, morally transformative), then in every case it is either valid or invalid. This is because of the notion that (when valid) consent eliminates a right and a person either has or lacks a right against another. A parallel problem to the paradox of symmetrical attackers applies to consent. That is, there is a case in which two people neither consent nor do not consent to one another. As a practical matter, attorneys, judges, legislators, physicians, (...)
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  7. Why it is Disrespectful to Violate Rights: Contractualism and the Kind-Desire Theory.Janis David Schaab - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (1):97-116.
    The most prominent theories of rights, the Will Theory and the Interest Theory, notoriously fail to accommodate all and only rights-attributions that make sense to ordinary speakers. The Kind-Desire Theory, Leif Wenar’s recent contribution to the field, appears to fare better in this respect than any of its predecessors. The theory states that we attribute a right to an individual if she has a kind-based desire that a certain enforceable duty be fulfilled. A kind-based desire is a reason to want (...)
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  8. The Legacy of John Rawls.Thom Brooks & Fabian Freyenhagen (eds.) - 2005 - New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.
    This book fills the void, making a substantial contribution not only to work on Rawls's thought but to contemporary debates in ethics and justice as well.
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  9. Exploring tradeoffs in accommodating moral diversity.Ryan Muldoon - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (7):1871-1883.
    This paper explores the space of possibilities for public justification in morally diverse communities. Moral diversity is far more consequential than is typically appreciated, and as a result, we need to think more carefully about how our standard tools function in such environments. I argue that because of this diversity, public justification can be divorced from any claim of determinateness. Instead, we should focus our attention on procedures—in particular, what Rawls called cases of pure procedural justice. I use a modified (...)
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  10. Coercion, Legitimacy, and Individual Freedom.Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Research 39:191-198.
    In “World Poverty and Individual Freedom”, I argue that the global order—because it is coercive—is obligated to do what it can to ensure that its subjects are capable of autonomously agreeing to its rule. This requires helping them meet their basic needs. In “World Poverty and Not Respecting Individual Freedom Enough,” Jorn Sonderholm asserts that this argument is invalid and unsound, in part, because it is too demanding. This article explains why Sonderholm’s critique is mistaken and misses the main point (...)
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  11. Can the Social Contract Be Signed by an Invisible Hand?Bernd Lahno & Geoffrey Brennan (eds.) - 2013 - RMM.
    The title of this special topic in RMM is borrowed from a 1978 paper of Hillel Steiner in which he argues against Robert Nozick's invisible hand conception of the emergence of the state. Steiner believes that central institutions of social order such as money and government need some form of conscious endorsement by individuals to emerge and to persist over time. -/- Tony de Jasay's critique (in Philosophy 85, 2010) of Bob Sugden's plea for a Humean version of contractarianism (see (...)
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  12. Specters and possession of neoliberal democracy: Contemporary critical political philosophies and the legacy of C.B. Macpherson.Mariusz Turowski - 2015 - In A. K. Çüçen & M. Becermen (eds.), Gelenek, Demokrasi ve Felsefe /Tradition, Democracy, and Philosophy. Uludağ Üniversitesi. pp. 318-326.
    The paper is a part of the project of retrieving C.B. Macpherson’s thesis of possessive individualism and his contribution to investigations about democratic theory and the “Western political ontology” valuable especially in today’s context of expansion, crisis and – arguably – subsequent, experienced today, revival of the project of “neoliberal democracy”. The aim of my paper is to present theory of possessive individualism as the missing center of critical theory of democracy. The task is conducted through a brief reconstruction of (...)
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  13. A Promissory Theory of the Duty to Tip.Stephen Kershnar - 2014 - Business and Society Review 119 (2):247-276.
    In this article, I argued that in contexts in which tipping is customary, there is a moral duty to tip or to explicitly tell the server that you will not be tipping. The evidence for this rests on anecdotes about people's mental states, and customers and server's intuitions about duties that would arise were a customer unable to tip his server. The promise is a speech act that is implicit in ordering food. The speech act must be matched by the (...)
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