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Summary Most philosophers and laypeople believe that under most conditions human beings, perhaps along with some other animals, possess a power of selecting and implementing actions which is special. This power is very widely held to be a necessary condition of responsibility for actions, for autonomy and for being entitled to take pride in (or to feel shame for) one's achievements. The free will debate in philosophy aims at elucidating the nature of that power as well as at identifying potential threats to it and explaining how it can exist. A major focus of the debate is the compatibility of free will with causal determinism. A minority of philosophers deny that we have free will because free will is incompatible with causal determinism.
Key works The free will debate is ancient in Western philosophy, but was first developed systematically by scholastic thinkers concerning about the relationship free will and God's foreknowledge (eg Ockham 1983). The rise of mechanistic science brought determinism to the forefront and played an important role in the development of compatibilism by philosophers like Hume (Hume 1751). The advent of Frankfurt-style cases (Frankfurt 1969) transformed the late 20th century debate, by allowing compatibilists to dispense with the principle of alternate possibilities (see Widerker & McKenna 2003 for important contributions to this debate). At the same time, important new libertarian views have been developed by thinkers like Robert Kane (Kane 1996) and Timothy O'Connor (O'Connor 2000). Very recently, there has been a revival of free will skepticism (Strawson 1994; Levy 2011).
Introductions O'Connor & Franklin 2018;McKenna 2008; Clarke & Capes ms
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  1. On Free Will or the Lack Thereof.Robert Sapolsky, Alexandra Mikhailova & Daniel Friedman - unknown
    In this interview, Robert Sapolsky outlines his view on Free Will and related topics. The discussion anticipates his upcoming book Determined: The Science of Life Without Free Will. Various topics are covered at the intersection of neuroscience with philosophy, education, and the criminal justice system.
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  2. The Integrated Metatheoretical Model of Addiction.Guy Pierre du Plessis - 2022 - Qeios 1 (1):1-25.
    In “The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy and Science of Addiction” Robert West highlights a pervasive challenge for more conceptual clarity and consensus within the field of addiction studies. In an attempt to address the challenge I provide the conceptual building blocks or architectonic of a metatheory of addiction, referred to as the Integrated Metatheoretical Model of Addiction (IMMA). The IMMA is not a general theory of addiction, but rather an exploratory attempt at providing the architectonic of an metaparadigmatic heuristic, that (...)
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  3. Dimensioni di libertà nel cammino dell'essere: tra filosofia e scienza.Paola Polettini - 2022 - Verona: QuiEdit.
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  4. The Devil's Own Luck: Lucifer, Luck, and Moral Responsibility.John R. Gilhooly - 2022 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This book argues that the sin of the devil compels a view of moral responsibility that undermines concerns about luck. It surveys the biblical account of the primal sin, its major interpretation in the tradition, and navigates that interpretation through objections from the perspective of moral luck.
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  5. Freedom and Responsibility in Context.Ann Whittle - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    Ann Whittle offers a fresh approach to questions about whether our actions are free and whether we are morally responsible for them. She argues that the answers to these questions depend on the contexts in which we make claims about our abilities and our control over our actions.
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  6. The Scope of Consent.Tom Dougherty - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The scope of someone's consent is the range of actions that they permit by giving consent. The Scope of Consent investigates the under-explored question of which normative principle governs the scope of consent. To answer this question, the book's investigation involves taking a stance on what constitutes consent. By appealing to the idea that someone can justify their behaviour by appealing to another person's consent, Dougherty defends the view that consent consists in behaviour that expresses a consent-giver's will for how (...)
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  7. Naturally Free Action.Oisín Deery - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    In Naturally Free Action, Oisin Deery argues that free will exists, where free will is understood as the ability to act freely, and free actions as exercises of that ability. This conclusion is supported by showing how the concept of free will plausibly refers to many actual human behaviors,and how these behaviors count as a natural category or kind. Deery also addresses the role of phenomenology in fixing the reference of the concept, arguing that our phenomenology as of deciding or (...)
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  8. Lost ego: la tragédie du "je suis".François de Smet - 2017 - Paris: Puf.
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  9. Serf-arbitre et justification selon Martin Luther: essai.Edouard de Ribaucourt - 2017 - Paris: L'Harmattan.
    Les textes -- Tiédeur et laxisme d'Érasme -- Rigueur et sobriété de Luther -- Les prédécesseurs de Luther -- Lignes do force du débat -- Que reste t-il de nos prières et de nos efforts? -- La doctrine des deux règnes -- La liberté le traite de la liberté du chrétien de M. luther -- Serf arbitre et nouvelle théologie -- L'oeil et le regard -- L'exigence de vérité -- La justification -- Essai de résumé du Traite du serf arbitre (...)
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  10. Vrije wil, moraal en het geslaagde leven.Gerbert Faure - 2017 - Nijmegen: Vantilt.
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  11. Free Will, Neuroethics, Psychology and Theology.Geran F. Dodson - 2017 - Wilmington, Delaware, United States: Vernon Press.
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  12. Das Modell des illibertaren Indeterminismus: Lebensführung jenseits von Willensfreiheit und Fatalismus: ein philosophisch-theologischer Entwurf im Dialog mit den Naturwissenschaften.Birgitta A. Weinhardt - 2018 - Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    Willensfreiheit wird bestritten, weil sich der Begriff nicht logisch konsistent definieren lässt und weil inzwischen auch neurobiologische Anhaltspunkte gegen ihre Existenz sprechen. Anders als in der biblisch-reformatorischen Tradition gehört die Willensfreiheit aber zum Kern des aufgeklärten Menschenbildes. Und auch in der Theologie scheint die Bestreitung der Willensfreiheit unweigerlich auf die Lehre von der doppelten Prädestination hinauszulaufen, so dass seit Pietismus und Aufklärung auch die evangelische Theologie ihrem Ursprung untreu wurde. In dem Buch werden die Perspektiven der Philosophie, Neurobiologie und Theologie (...)
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  13. Freiheit und Lust.Arbogast Schmitt - 2018 - Marburg: Verlag Blaues Schloss.
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  14. Freiheit zur Wahrheit: Grundlagen der Erkenntnis am Beispiel von Descartes und Locke.Jens Rometsch - 2018 - Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.
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  15. Freedom of the Will Without Alternatives?: A Critical Assessment of Harry Frankfurt's Intuition.James G. Pattarakalayil - 2018 - Bengaluru, India: ATC Publishers.
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  16. Compatibilist Freedom and the Problem of Evil.Jennifer Gillett - 2018 - Leuven: Peeters.
    Compatibilism has become an increasingly popular position amongst contemporary philosophers. However, within the philosophy of religion the majority of philosophers continue to adopt an incompatibilist, usually libertarian, view of free will. This book seeks to explore whether it is possible to formulate a coherent compatibilist response to the problem of evil and, if so, whether such a response could help compatibilism to be seen as a viable, or even preferable, alternative to incompatibilism within philosophy of religion."--Back cover.
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  17. Libertad y absoluto.Federico Campoy Osset - 2018 - Madrid: Universidad Pontificia Comillas.
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  18. Ślepy los, traf, przypadek: o wpływie przeznaczenia na rzeczy i ludzkie sprawy.Katarzyna Łeńska-Bąk (ed.) - 2018 - Opole: Uniwersytet Opolski.
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  19. Libéral, libéralité, libéralisme: histoire et enjeux philosophiques, culturels et littéraires.Eléonore Le Jallé & Fiona McIntosh-Varjabédian (eds.) - 2018 - Paris: Honoré Champion éditeur.
    En s'interrogeant sur les enjeux philosophiques, littéraires, culturels et linguistiques des notions de libéralité et de libéralisme, dans leur lien avec l'adjectif "libéral", cet ouvrage collectif suggère l'existence d'une généalogie commune à ces trois notions. Il dessine ainsi les rapports unissant ce qui convient à l'homme libre et par extension à ce qui permet de l'éduquer et d'élargir ses vues (arts libéraux et éducation libérale), la libéralité entendue comme largesse et générosité mais aussi comme vertu d'user avec mesure de l'argent, (...)
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  20. Free Will: Interpretations, Implementations, and Assessments.Daniela Muench (ed.) - 2018 - New York: Nova Science Publishers.
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  21. Destino e libero arbitrio.Lorenzo Bianchi & Antonella Sannino (eds.) - 2018 - Napoli: Bibliopolis.
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  22. Illuminating Jewish Thought: Explorations of Free Will, the Afterlife, and the Messianic Era.Netanel Wiederblank - 2018 - New Milford, CT: Maggid Books.
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  23. Free Will Explained: How Science and Philosophy Converge to Create a Beautiful Illusion.Dan Barker - 2018 - New York: Sterling.
    Do we have free will? And if we don't, why do we think we do? Scientists and philosophers have been battling with this issue for years. In this book, a former Christian minister who is now an internationally recognized authority on atheism addresses these questions."--Page 2 of cover.
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  24. Free Will in Antiquity and in Kant.Michael N. Forster - 2018 - In Christian Krijnen (ed.), Metaphysics of Freedom? Kant’s Concept of Cosmological Freedom in Historical and Systematic Perspective. Brill.
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  25. Locke and Descartes on Free Will : The Limits of an Antinomy.Denis Kambouchner - 2018 - In Philippe Hamou & Martine Pécharman (eds.), Locke and Cartesian Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  26. Mental Disorder, Free Will, and Personal Autonomy.Christian Perring - 2019 - In Şerife Tekin & Robyn Bluhm (eds.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophy of Psychiatry. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  27. Making Sense of Libertarian Free Will : Consciousness, Science and Laws of Nature.Robert Kane - 2019 - In Allan McCay & Michael Sevel (eds.), Free Will and the Law: New Perspectives. Routledge.
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  28. Sotto il cielo della luna: fato e fortuna in Pietro Pomponazzi e Niccolò Machiavelli.Andrea Suggi - 2019 - Pisa: Edizioni ETS.
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  29. Fate, Freedom, and Happiness: Clement and Alexander on the Dignity of Human Responsibility.Daniel S. Robinson - 2019 - Piscataway: Gorgias Press LLC.
    In what particular manner human beings are free moral agents and to what extent they can reasonably expect to attain a good life are two intertwined questions that rose to prominence in antiquity and have remained so to the present day. This book analyzes and compares the approaches of two significant authors from different schools at the turn of the third century CE, Alexander of Aphrodisias and Clement of Alexandria. These contemporaries utilize their respective Peripatetic and Christian commitments in their (...)
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  30. Moral Luck.Andrew C. Khoury, Peter A. French & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.) - 2019 - Boston, MA: Wiley Periodicals.
    Many of us are inclined to accept something like the following principle: We can only be properly morally assessed for what is in our control. And yet our ordinary practices seem to frequently violate this principle. The resulting tension, and the attempt to resolve it, is the problem of moral luck. For example, we tend to punish and think worse of the negligent driver who kills a child than we do the equally negligent driver who was lucky there was no (...)
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  31. Causality and Responsibility in Mentally Disordered Offenders.John Callender - 2019 - In Elizabeth Shaw, Derk Pereboom & Gregg D. Caruso (eds.), Free Will Skepticism in Law and Society: Challenging Retributive Justice. Cambridge University Press.
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  32. Fichte and Psychopathy : Criminal Justice Turned Upside Down.Michael Louis Corrado - 2019 - In Elizabeth Shaw, Derk Pereboom & Gregg D. Caruso (eds.), Free Will Skepticism in Law and Society: Challenging Retributive Justice. Cambridge University Press.
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  33. Deontology and Deterrence for Free Will Deniers.Benjamin Vilhauer - 2019 - In Elizabeth Shaw, Derk Pereboom & Gregg D. Caruso (eds.), Free Will Skepticism in Law and Society: Challenging Retributive Justice. Cambridge University Press.
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  34. Beyond the Retributive System.Bruce N. Waller - 2019 - In Elizabeth Shaw, Derk Pereboom & Gregg D. Caruso (eds.), Free Will Skepticism in Law and Society: Challenging Retributive Justice. Cambridge University Press.
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  35. Free Will Denial and Deontological Constraints.Saul Smilansky - 2019 - In Elizabeth Shaw, Derk Pereboom & Gregg D. Caruso (eds.), Free Will Skepticism in Law and Society: Challenging Retributive Justice. Cambridge University Press.
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  36. Hume on Moral Responsibility and Free Will.Tamas Demeter - 2019 - In Angela Michelle Coventry & Alex Sager (eds.), The Humean Mind. Routledge.
  37. On the Bondage of the Will: A Treatise by Martin Luther, Against Erasmus of Rotterdam.Martin Luther - 2020 - Moscow, Idaho: Canon Classics.
    "a man cannot be thoroughly humbled until he comes to know that his salvation is utterly beyond his own powers, counsel, endeavors, will, and works, and absolutely depending on the will, counsel, pleasure, and work of another, that is, of God only." So speaks Luther in his greatest book, On the Bondage of the Will. In this book, Luther replies to the arguments of Erasmus of Rotterdam, who had pointed to all the commands in Scripture, and believed that they implied (...)
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  38. Paths in Free Will: Theology, Philosophy and Literature From the Late Middle Ages to the Reformation.Lorenzo Geri, Christian Houth Vrangbæk & Pasquale Terracciano (eds.) - 2020 - Roma: Edizioni di storia e letteratura.
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  39. Conclusion: Reflections on the Discussion.Philip Clayton - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  40. Who Wants to Be Totally Free?James W. Walters - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  41. Science, Ethics, and Free Will: Why Neuroscience Doesn't Ground Freedom, and What We Might Resolve to Do About It.Philip Clayton - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  42. Maximizing, but Limiting Reduction: Nancey Murphy's Non-Reductive Physicalism and the Possibility of Downward Causation.Zane Yi - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  43. That of Freedom": Everywhere and All the Way Down.David R. Larson - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  44. Are We Really Free?: A Response to a Response to Neurophysiological Reductionism.Richard Rice - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  45. Women's Agency in the Context of Neoliberalism.Marlene Ferreras - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  46. Parascience" and Free Will: Wendell Berry and Marilynne Robinson on Scientific Reductionism.Charles Scriven - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  47. Free Will, Physics, and Personal Observation.David Wilbur - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  48. Freedom for Neighbor Love.Gerald R. Winslow - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  49. Genuine (but Limited) Freedom for Creatures and for a God of Love.Thomas Jay Oord - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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  50. Belief in Free Will is Beneficial.Kendal C. Boyd - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
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