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Summary

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775-1854), together with J.G. Fichte and G.W.F. Hegel, is considered to be one of the three key figures of German Idealism. His philosophical oeuvre is most commonly divided into his (1) early period (1794-1800), (2) his Philosophy of Identity (1801-1809), (3) his middle period (1809-1827), and, finally, (4) the Positive and Negative Philosophy, and his critique of Hegel in his late period (1827-1854). His early period is broadly motivated by the systematic question of Kant’s third Critique, that is, of the unity between the realm of necessity and the realm of freedom which Schelling approaches from the perspective of both the subject (Transcendental Philosophy) and object (Philosophy of Nature). Schelling pursues the same question in his Philosophy of Identity but his method in this period resembles a neo-Platonic self-division of an independent ground of freedom and nature, the absolute identity of freedom and necessity. In his middle period, Schelling adds to his earlier view of absolute freedom (freedom that is identical with necessity) the view of freedom as a capacity for both good and evil. In his late period, he criticizes Hegel’s system according to which thought exhausts the whole reality (Negative Philosophy) and argues for the primacy of being over thought (Positive Philosophy).

Although neglected for many years in the Anglophone world, Schelling’s thought remains very much present with us today. Schelling’s view that there are aspects of the self that continuously escape self-consciousness indicates the ongoing relevance of Schelling’s philosophy for psychoanalysis. By assigning a unique place to art, a place that was traditionally assigned to logic in the history of philosophy, namely, art as the “organon” or instrument of philosophy, Schelling admits the limitations of philosophy, which for him is no longer a self-sufficient practice. Schelling’s understanding of identity between mind and nature resonates in the mind-body debates of contemporary analytic philosophy, especially the works of Geach and Davidson. His grounding of our agency in a reality that exceeds the grasp of reason anticipates the later “existentialist” tradition. And finally Schelling’s view that being precedes all reflection entails the idea of historical and empirical contingency which paved the way to Marxist materialism and to some more recent European philosophies that are keen on emphasizing the limits of our rationality.

Key works

The key works of Schelling’s early period are Of the I as the Principle of Philosophy or on the Unconditional in Human Knowledge (1795) [, Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature as Introduction to the Study of this Science (1797) [von Schelling 1988], and System of Transcendental Idealism (1800) [von Schelling 1978]. The most important works of his Philosophy of Identity are Presentation of My System of Philosophy (1801) [Schelling 2001] and The Philosophy of Art (1802-3) [Schelling 2008]. The two central works of his middle period are Of Human Freedom (1809) [Schelling et al 2006] and The Ages of the World (1811-15). And finally the key works of his late period are Foundations of the Positive Philosophy (1832-3) [Schelling & Wirth 2007], Philosophy of Revelation (1841-2), and Philosophy of Mythology (1842) [Schelling & Wirth 2007].

Introductions

Online encyclopedia articles: Andrew Bowie, “Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling” [Bowie 2008]. Book-length introductory works: Andrew Bowie, Schelling and Modern European Philosophy: An Introduction [Bowie 1993]; Manfred Frank, Eine Einfuehrung in Schellings Philosophie [Frank 1995].

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  1. added 2020-05-19
    Freedom Giving Birth to Order: Philosophical Reflections on Peirce's Evolutionary Cosmology and its Contemporary Resurrections.Zeyad El Nabolsy - 2020 - Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 16 (1):1-23.
    This paper seeks to show that Charles Sanders Peirce's interest in an evolutionary account of the laws of nature is motivated both by his desire to extend the scope of the application of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR) and by his attempt to explain the success of our deployment of the PSR, which presupposes the existence of determinate causal structures. One can situate Peirce's concern with the explanation of the laws of nature in relation to the influences of Naturphilosophie (...)
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  2. added 2020-02-20
    Anthropologie der Theorie.Thomas Jürgasch & Tobias Keiling - 2017 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    Die Engführung von Muße und theoretischem Tun, die Aristoteles paradigmatisch in der Nikomachischen Ethik entwickelt, hat eine Vor- und eine lange Nachgeschichte bis in die gegenwärtige Philosophie und Theologie hinein. Begründet wird die Engführung von Muße und Theorie bei Aristoteles anthropologisch, weil sich in einer kontemplativen Lebensform die Möglichkeiten der menschlichen Natur auf vollendete Weise verwirklichen. Die Beiträge in diesem Band untersuchen ideengeschichtliche Modelle einer Verbindung von Theorie und Muße daraufhin, wie diese sich zur Frage einer anthropologischen Fundierung der Theorie (...)
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  3. added 2020-02-11
    Challenges to German Idealism: Schelling, Fichte and Kant.Peter Thielke - 2004 - Mind 113 (451):548-552.
  4. added 2020-02-01
    Axiomatic Natural Philosophy and the Emergence of Biology as a Science.Hein Van Den Berg & Boris Demarest - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology.
    Ernst Mayr argued that the emergence of biology as a special science in the early nineteenth century was possible due to the demise of the mathematical model of science and its insistence on demonstrative knowledge. More recently, John Zammito has claimed that the rise of biology as a special science was due to a distinctive experimental, anti-metaphysical, anti-mathematical, and anti-rationalist strand of thought coming from outside of Germany. In this paper we argue that this narrative neglects the important role played (...)
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  5. added 2019-12-10
    Indifference and the World: Schelling’s Pantheism of Bliss.Kirill Chepurin - 2019 - Sophia 58 (4):613-630.
    Although largely neglected in Schelling scholarship, the concept of bliss assumes central importance throughout Schelling’s oeuvre. Focusing on his 1810–11 texts, the Stuttgart Seminars and the beginning of the Ages of the World, this paper traces the logic of bliss, in its connection with other key concepts such as indifference, the world or the system, at a crucial point in Schelling’s thinking. Bliss is shown, at once, to mark the zero point of the developmental narrative that Schelling constructs here and (...)
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  6. added 2019-10-14
    Zwischen Naturphilosophie und Anthropologie. Konzeptionen des Alters zwischen Aufklärung und Romantik.Giovanna Pinna - 2007 - In Jörg Vögele, Johannes Siegrist, Hans-Georg Pott, Andrea von Hülsen-Esch, Christoph auf der Horst, Henriette Herwig, Monika Gomille & Heiner Fangerau (eds.), Alterskulturen Und Potentiale des Alters. Berlin, Germany: Akademie Verlag. pp. 141-152.
  7. added 2019-10-08
    On the Source of the Eternal Truths.Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling - 1990 - The Owl of Minerva 22 (1):55-67.
    The following lecture, published in German under the title, Abhandlung über die Quelle der ewigen Wahrheiten, in Schelling’s Sämmtliche Werke, v. 11, pp. 575–590, was one of the last that Schelling delivered in his long career. It contains in a condensed form the central ideas of his final philosophical system. In this new system he sought to rethink the operative principles of dialectical method and thereby to redirect the movement which he had once helped to found.
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  8. added 2019-09-05
    The Philosophy of Nature of Kant, Schelling and Hegel.Dieter Wandschneider - 2010 - In Dean Moyar (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Nineteenth Century Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 64.
    My presentation begins with Kant's philosophical project, which played a key role in understanding German Idealism, and then considers in detail the philosophical approaches developed by Schelling and Hegel.
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  9. added 2019-07-25
    Beeing & Time: Kiss of Chemoreception & the Bug in Dasein's Mouth.Virgil W. Brower - 2014 - In Laurence Talairach-Vielmas & Marie Bouchet (eds.), Insects in Literature & the Arts. Brussels, Belgium: pp. 197-217.
    "Brower explores the way philosophers were inspired by entomological social systems and communication to reflect on human psyche, social behavior, community organization, communication, and inter-individual relationships. His essay rehearses the swarms of insects embedded in contemporary philosophy and literary theory, not only showing how many of the major concepts (or philosophemes) in continental philosophy – sexuality, politics, thinking, time, interdependence, and language – draw lessons from the world of insects, but also illustrating again how the insect world spurred human reflection.".
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  10. added 2019-06-28
    Idealism - New Dictionary of the History of Ideas Entry.Michael Baur - 2005 - In Maryanne Cline Horowitz (ed.), New Dictionary of the History of Ideas. Detroit, MI, USA: pp. 1078-1082.
  11. added 2019-06-07
    Rancière's Proust: A Rebirth of Aesthetics.William Melaney - 2018 - Res Cogitans 13 (1).
    Philosopher and literary theorist, Jacques Rancière, has argued that Marcel Proust’s work as a novelist enables us to understand how modern literature articulates and largely resolves a specifically aesthetic crisis. From Rancière’s standpoint, Proust shows us how the dominant conflict in nineteenth-century French literature was carried beyond a mere opposition and given a new aesthetic significance in the modern novel. In this paper, I will discuss Jacques Rancière’s attempt to assess Proust’s contribution to literature in the wake of the aesthetic (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-07
    Baander En Schelling Over Descartes En Spinoza - Baader And Schelling About Descartes And SpinozaFundamentele, Theologisch Gemotiveerde Vragen Bij De Grondslagen Van De Moderniteit - Fundamental, Theologically Based Remarks Concerning The Origins Of Modernity.Joris Geldhof - 2005 - Bijdragen 66 (3):301-325.
    At a time when Hegel completed the project of modern philosophy in Berlin, two of his contemporaries, Schelling and Baader, formulated a vehement critique of modernity. Both teaching at the University of Munich, these profound authors developed, in their writings of the 1830s, a comprehensive standpoint that claimed to be faithful to Christianity. In order to do so, Baader and Schelling thought it necessary to challenge the very origins of modern thought. In this contribution, it is argued that both thinkers (...)
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  13. added 2019-06-07
    Guido Vergauwen, "Absolute Und Endliche Freiheit: Schellings Lehre von Schöpfung Und Fall". [REVIEW]Robert F. Brown - 1978 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (1):128.
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  14. added 2019-06-07
    Friedrich W. Schmidt, "Zum Begriff der Negativität Bei Schelling Und Hegel". [REVIEW]Darrel E. Christensen - 1976 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 14 (2):240.
  15. added 2019-06-07
    Jean-François Marquet, "Liberté Et Existence"; Xavier Tilliete, "Schelling. Une Philosophie En Devenir". [REVIEW]Fritz Marti - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (2):263.
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    Schelling’s Doctrine of the Potencies: The Unity of Thinking and Being.Tyler Tritten - 2012 - Philosophy and Theology 24 (2):217-253.
    This article has a historiographical and a philosophical aim. The historiographical and most difficult objective is to provide a comprehensive presentation of F. W. J. Schelling’s doctrine of the potencies for the English-speaking philosophical community as found in his, for the most part yet to be translated, late lectures on the positive philosophy of mythology and revelation. The philosophical objective is to show how this same doctrine provides a modern response to the assertion that thinking and Being are the same, (...)
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  17. added 2019-06-06
    Idealism’s Corpse or the Prosthetics of Suicide: Technologies of Retrieval in Fichte and Schelling.F. Scott Scribner - 2011 - Idealistic Studies 41 (1-2):55-67.
    This paper uses Maurice Blanchot’s image of the corpse as a trope by which to offer a unique quasi-material reading of the German Idealist notion of speculative suicide. And its method of interpretative retrieval, like these idealists, works to think the relevance of idealism today by affirming the spirit against the letter. The paradox of suicide—that we aspire to be witness to our own death—presents itself as a double, as interpreted in works of Fichte and Schelling. This double, the very (...)
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  18. added 2019-06-06
    Schelling’s Contemporary Resurgence: The Dawn After the Night When All Cows Were Black.Jason Wirth - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (9):585-598.
    After a long period of neglect that began in his lifetime, why has Schelling reemerged as an important philosopher, germane to contemporary concerns? In the first part of this essay I offer a brief history of Schelling’s early descent into obscurity and gradual ascent back into the light of philosophical relevance. In the second and final part of the essay, I offer a brief survey of the current Schelling resurgence in the English speaking reception of Continental philosophy.
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    Hermann Lotze’s Gestalt Metaphysics in Light of the Schelling and Hegel Renaissance.William R. Woodward - 2010 - Idealistic Studies 40 (1-2):163-188.
    Situating Lotze in the School of Speculative Theology, I use debates about Schelling’s critique of Hegel—then and now—to understand Lotze’s critique of Hegel. Lotze’s early metaphysics seems to employ a version of Hegel’s dialectical analysis of being, phenomena, and mind emphasizing “the interconnection of things.” One can equally argue that he proceeds in an analytic style of reviewing and testing alternative theories. My tentative conclusion is that he assumes the existence of reality like Schelling, and makes cognition a process subordinate (...)
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    Schelling’s Criticism of Kant’s Theory of Time.Wong Kwok Kui - 2010 - Idealistic Studies 40 (1-2):83-102.
    This paper aims at engaging Kant’s and Schelling’s theories of time in dialogue. It begins with Schelling’s famous criticism of Kant’s theory of time in his Weltalter. It will examine this question from four main perspectives, namely the unity of time; time and a unitary object of experience;subjectivity of time; and the problem of infinity of time. It will show that Schelling’s criticism may instigate some fundamental reflections on Kant’s theory oftime, the relation between objective and subjective time, and the (...)
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    Schelling and Paleolithic Cave Painting: On the Appeal of Aesthetic Experience.Jason J. Howard - 2010 - Idealistic Studies 40 (1-2):103-115.
    My article utilizes the insights of F. W. J. Schelling’s work on aesthetics to explain the unique appeal of cave painting for people of the Upper Paleolithic,focusing mostly on the caves of Chauvet and Lascaux. Schelling argues that the unique value of artistic practices comes in the way they reconcile agents withtheir deepest ontological contradictions, namely, the tension between biological necessity and human freedom. I argue that the cave paintings of Chauvet andLascaux fit well with Schelling’s approach and his insight (...)
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    Schelling on the Unconscious.S. J. McGrath - 2010 - Research in Phenomenology 40 (1):72-91.
    The early Schelling and the romantics constructed the unconscious in order to overcome the modern split between subjectivity and nature, mind and body, a split legislated by Cartesian representationalism. Influenced by Boehme and Kabbalah, the later Schelling modified his notion of the unconscious to include the decision to be oneself, which must sink beneath consciousness so that it might serve as the ground of one's creative and personal acts. Slavoj Zizek has read the later Schelling's unconscious as a prototype of (...)
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  23. added 2019-06-06
    Bastard Reasoning in Schelling’s Freiheitsschrift.Peter Warnek - 2008 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (2):249-267.
    The paper explores a connection between Schelling’s celebrated Freedom Essay and Plato’s Timaeus by considering the importance of Schelling’s translation of a phrase found in the Platonic dialogue in which Timaeus expresses the limits of human discourse, speaking of it as a kind of “bastard reasoning.” These limits are said to arise necessarily through the progression of the inquiry carried out by Timaeus. Schelling’s own resistance to viewing his inquiry determined by such limits and such necessity is highlighted by the (...)
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  24. added 2019-06-06
    Memoria, Libertad y Profecía. Un Acercamiento a Las Edades Del Mundo de F. W. J. Schelling.Fernando Pérez-Borbujo Alvarez - 2006 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 31 (1):101-122.
    En el presente artículo intentaremos aproximarnos a uno de los textos más emblemáticos del pensamiento de Schelling, Las Edades del Mundo (Die Weltalter), escrito entre 1813-1815, donde se encuentra todo el misterio de la filosofía medía de este autor que va desde el Ensayo de la libertad de 1809 hasta su reaparición en Munich y posteriormente en Berlín, donde sustituirá a Hegel a su muerte y formulará su famosa filosofía positiva, constituida por su Filosofía de la Mitología y de la (...)
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  25. added 2019-06-06
    Expression in Schelling’s Early Philosophy.James Dodd - 2006 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 27 (2):109-139.
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  26. added 2019-06-06
    On the Interval Between Negative and Positive Philosophy in Schelling's Thought. Review of The Conspiracy of Life: Meditations on Schelling and His Time by Jason M. Wirth. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Bernstein - 2005 - Research in Phenomenology 35 (1):343-350.
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    Fichte et la première philosophie de la nature de Schelling.Claude Piché - 2004 - Dialogue 43 (2):211-237.
    ABSTRACT: When we reconstruct Fichte’s philosophy of nature of the Jena period, we notice striking similarities between the conception of organism in the Doctrine of Science and Schelling’s corresponding developments in his early Naturphilosophie. Even though both thinkers agree to consider organic nature within the framework of transcendental idealism, it is nevertheless possible at this stage to discover slight differences in their interpretation which announce their future disagreement on the status of a philosophy of nature. If, for instance, organism for (...)
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    Philosophy of History as the History of Philosophy in Schelling’s System of Transcendental Idealism.Jeffrey Bernstein - 2004 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (2):233-254.
    Schelling’s System of Transcendental Idealism is usually considered to be either an early Fichtean-influenced work that gives little insight into Schelling’s philosophy or a text focusing on self-consciousness and aesthetics. I argue that Schelling’s System develops a subtle conception of history which originates in a dialogue with Kant and Hegel and concludes in proximity to an Idealist version of Spinoza. In this way, Schelling develops a philosophy of history which is, simultaneously, a dialectical engagement with the history of philosophy.
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    The “Individual Universal”: The Socio-Political Meaning of the Work of Art In Schelling.Antoon Braeckman - 2004 - Idealistic Studies 34 (1):67-83.
    This article explores Schelling’s view concerning the eventual reconciliation of modern individuality and society. It is argued that in Schelling’s speculations on this subject, aesthetic models play a prominent role: on the level of society by expressing the need for a new mythology; on the level of the individual by formulating a normative ideal in which the individual is modelled after the work of artand its creator: the artistic genius. This normative view on modern individuality is quite ambivalent. It summons (...)
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    Dieter Henrich. Between Kant and Hegel: Lectures on German Idealism. [REVIEW]Shun’Ichi Takayanagi - 2004 - Modern Schoolman 82 (1):73-75.
  31. added 2019-06-06
    The Theory of the Imagination In Schelling’s Philosophy of Identity.Orrin F. Summerell - 2004 - Idealistic Studies 34 (1):85-98.
    This essay explores how Schelling’s Philosophy of Art promotes a theory of the imagination correlative to that reason informing his Philosophy of Identity. Against the background of Kant’s and Fichte’s transcendental-philosophical notion of the imagination, it shows how Schelling conceives the absolute identity of the ideal and the real in terms of its expression in and asthe imagination. As a name for the self-constitution of absolute identity, the term “Einbildungskraft” denotes for Schelling not merely the formative activity of picturing, but (...)
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    The Genesis of the Transcendent: Kant, Schelling, and the Ground of Experience.Adrian Johnston - 2003 - Idealistic Studies 33 (1):57-82.
    Schelling argues that the Kantian transcendental apparatus lacks the ability to systematically ground itself. He insists that one must account for the prior emergence of experiential reality in addition to delineating this reality’s structure once constituted, and he presents his genetic model of epistemological subjectivity as a supplement completing the Kantian edifice. Although he never finally arrives at a satisfactory system of his own, Schelling repeatedly attempts, in various ways, to strike a productive compromise between transcendental and historico-genetic approaches to (...)
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    The Dynamics of Reason and its Elusive Object in Kant, Fichte and Schelling.Joan Steigerwald - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (1):111-134.
    Kant used transcendental reflection to distinguish in judgment what belongs to its form and what to its material. Regarding the form of judgment, Buchdahl’s work highlights the analogies between the different levels of judgment in Kant’s transcendental ontology. He uses the explicit contingency of judgments of the system of nature to illuminate the contingency of judgments of objects in general. In the Critique of pure reason, Kant had left much of the work of judgment to the unconscious imagination. Fichte and (...)
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  34. added 2019-06-06
    Schelling, F. W. J., Exposition de mon système de la philosophie, suivi de Schelling, F. W. J. Sur le vrai concept de la philosophie de la nature, et Fichte, J. G. Sur l'exposition du système de l'identité de Schelling, traduction et présentation par Emmanuel Cattin, Paris, Vrin, 2000, 194 pages.Schelling, F. W. J., Exposition de mon système de la philosophie, suivi de Schelling, F. W. J. Sur le vrai concept de la philosophie de la nature, et Fichte, J. G. Sur l'exposition du système de l'identité de Schelling, traduction et présentation par Emmanuel Cattin, Paris, Vrin, 2000, 194 pages. [REVIEW]Manuel Roy - 2002 - Philosophiques 29 (1):155-157.
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    Three Ends of the Absolute: Schelling on Inhibition, Hölderlin on Separation, and Novalis on Density.David Farrell Krell - 2002 - Research in Phenomenology 32 (1):60-85.
    "Three Ends of the Absolute" discusses Schelling's notion of inhibition in the philosophy of nature, Hölderlin's notion of separation in his "Seyn, Urtheil, Modalität," and Novalis' notion of the density of God in his late scientific notes. All three thinkers can be contrasted with Hegel on the basis of their attacks on philosophical absolutes. Schelling, in his First Projection of a Philosophy of Nature, reflects on the conundrum of absolute inhibition in nature, an inhibition of absolute freedom that is necessary (...)
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  36. added 2019-06-06
    Schelling, Une Philosophie de L'Extase. [REVIEW]Suzanne Foisy - 2002 - Dialogue 41 (2):392-394.
    F. J. W. Schelling a la réputation d'être l'idéaliste qui a le plus assigné de limites à l'idéalisme allemand. La «dernière philosophie» de Schelling, dont il est en grande partie question ici, contournerait l'interdit que Kant avait jeté sur l'intuition intellectuelle, d'une manière différente de ce qu'il est convenu d'appeler sa «première philosophie». Schelling poursuivrait un projet que Walter Schulz qualifie d'«achèvement de l'idéalisme allemand». Mais en quoi consiste cet achèvement? Si le programme ultime de ce philosophe conduit à de (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-06
    Der Deutsche Idealismus (Fichte, Schelling, Hegel) Und Die Philosophische Problemlage der Gegenwart, Gesamtausgabe. [REVIEW]Frank Schalow - 2001 - The Owl of Minerva 32 (2):182-190.
    The publication of band 28 of Heidegger’s Gesamtausgabe yields one of his most detailed encounters with the three luminaries of German idealism, Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. Heidegger devotes other works to the study of Hegel’s and Schelling’s thought. But what sets band 28 apart is the meticulous way in which he considers the precepts of Fichte’s Wissenschaftlehre. Indeed, this volume provides the richest treatment of Fichte’s thought in all of Heidegger’s corpus.
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    Schelling’s Concept of the Will.Fiona Steinkamp - 1999 - Idealistic Studies 29 (1/2):103-119.
    It is often claimed that Schelling has no one theory and that his work consists of many different systems. Indeed, this is one reason why many think that Schelling's thought has failed to gain much influence in the English-speaking world. It is possible, however, that Schelling's writings would receive more attention if various works were considered as dealing primarily with specific themes. For example, it may be helpful to consider The Ages of the World as primarily about time, Of Human (...)
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  39. added 2019-06-06
    La materia y la idea: en torno a la filosofía de la naturaleza de Schelling.Arturo Leyte Coello - 1999 - Laguna 6:71-98.
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    The God Within: Kant, Schelling, and Historicity. [REVIEW]Tom Rockmore - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (1):182-183.
    This book brings together ten essays by Emil Fackenheim, centred on the tension between concepts of individual autonomy and divine revelation. Fackenheim is well known for a series of books, some of which are related to the theme of this volume, including a fine earlier study, The Religious Dimension in Hegel's Thought. Most of the essays in the book, which were mainly completed before 1967, have appeared already in one form or another, although some of them have been updated.
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    Le Mal radical chez Fichte entre Kant et Schelling.Claude Piché - 1999 - Symposium 3 (2):209-231.
    Schelling fait remarquer que la théorie kantienne du mal radical repose fondamentalement sur un acte de liberté, ce qui n’est pas le cas chez Fichte. Dans cet article, nous voulons examiner le bien-fondé de la thèse de Schelling selon laquelle les conceptions kantienne et fichtéenne du mal moral présentent d’importantes divergences. Pour I’essentiel, en effet, la position de Fichte s’éloigne de celle de Kanten ce qu’elle réhabilite une certaine forme d’humanisme en réduisant le mal à l’inertie de l’être raisonnable fini (...)
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    Mythology and Freedom: Nicholas Berdyaev's Uses of Jacob Boehme's Ungrund Myth.James McLachlan - 1996 - Philosophy Today 40 (4):474-485.
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    Schelling’s Account of Primal Nature In the Ages of the World.Fiona Steinkamp - 1994 - Idealistic Studies 24 (2):173-189.
    In this paper I aim to show how Schelling’s use of the law of contradiction and his employment of the concept of the unitary principle to overcome the problem of contradiction entails certain difficulties from the very start. Due to the complexity of The Ages of the World, I will concentrate on just the beginning of this work. This should be sufficient to bring out the problems involved. In the course of my exposition and critique I will put forward an (...)
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    Heidegger’s Appropriation of Schelling.Sonya Sikka - 1994 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 32 (4):421-448.
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    The Later Schelling’s Conception of Dialectical Method, in Contradistinction to Hegel's.Edward A. Beach - 1990 - The Owl of Minerva 22 (1):35-54.
    Schelling is best known in the Anglo-American philosophical community for work he did in his twenties, between 1797 and 1803. During this time, he appropriated Fichte’s standpoint of transcendental idealism and developed some of its implications for the philosophies of nature, history, and art. Schelling did not claim at this stage to be formulating an original standpoint of his own, but simply to be extending the Fichtean principles in new directions. In this endeavor he was quite successful, and for a (...)
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    The Role of the Unconscious in Schelling’s System of Transcendental Idealism.Dale Snow - 1989 - Idealistic Studies 19 (3):231-250.
    In the Differenzschrift of 1801 Hegel declares himself to be in agreement with Schelling that the most fundamental task of philosophy is to overcome [aufheben] traditional oppositions such as subjectivity and objectivity, reason and sensuality, intelligence and nature. It has been claimed that Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit of 1807 and Schelling’s System of Transcendental Idealism can be fruitfully interpreted as parallel attempts to overcome these oppositions, identified by Hegel as ultimately derived from the dichotomy between absolute subjectivity and absolute objectivity. (...)
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    On Schelling’s Philosophy of Nature.Dieter Jähnig - 1989 - Idealistic Studies 19 (3):222-230.
    To approach an understanding of Schelling’s philosophy of nature, I would like to begin with an apparently trivial observation about what the term “philosophy of nature” itself implies. It has two different implications. It first of all simply says that nature is the new focus of Schelling’s concern. But in addition to this, the term suggests that nature will be subjected to a specific philosophical interpretation.
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    Schelling’s Critique of Hegel and the Beginnings of Marxian Dialectics.Manfred Frank - 1989 - Idealistic Studies 19 (3):251-268.
    The history of western philosophy provides many occasions for verifying a general experience: theoretical innovations gain immediate appreciation only if they do not demand too much of the ability of contemporaries to integrate them into their worldview. If they emerge hastily and lack clear connection to their epoch’s expectations about meaning, they will be dismissed as an “untimely growth.” This is, of course, easy enough to understand. What is remarkable, though, is that even subsequent generations that have come to accept (...)
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    The Productivity of Nature. Schelling’s Natural Philosophy and the New Paradigm of Self-Organization in the Sciences. [REVIEW]Rainer Beer - 1989 - Philosophy and History 22 (1):16-18.
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    The Philosophy of F. W. J. Schelling: History, System, and Freedom. By Werner Marx. [REVIEW]Herbert Garelick - 1987 - Modern Schoolman 65 (1):64-66.
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