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  1. Kenyan Sages on Equality of the Sexes.Gail Presbey - 2012 - Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 4 (2):111-145.
    This article traces the larger theme of egalitarianism within the context of equality of the sexes throughout H. Odera Oruka’s interviews with Kenyan sages, whom he asked to share their views on the topic. Often, the sages asserted men’s superiority to women. This paper analyses the sages’ responses, as well as Odera Oruka’s rejoinders to their comments. I have broadened my study to include five sages interviewed by Frederick Ochieng’-Odhiambo, included in his dissertation completed under Odera Oruka’s supervision (1994). I (...)
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  2. Political Philosophies of Women's Liberation.Alison Jaggar - 1977 - In Mary Vetterling Braggin, Frederick Elliston & Jane English (eds.), Feminism and Philosophy. Totowa, NJ: Littlefield, Adams and Co..
  3. Sexual Difference and Sexual Equality.Alison M. Jaggar - 1990 - In Deborah L. Rhode (ed.), Theoretical Perspectives on Sexual Difference. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
  4. Portraiture.Shearer West - 2004 - Oxford: OUP.
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  5. Research, Teaching and Service: Why Shouldn't Women's Work Count?Shelley M. Park - 1996 - Journal of Higher Education 67 (1):46-84.
    This article examines one way institutionalized sexism operates in the university setting by examining the gender roles and gender hierarchies implicit in (allegedly gender-neutral) university tenure and promotion policies. Current working assumptions regarding (1) what constitutes good research, teaching, and service and (2) the relative importance of each of these endeavors reflect and perpetuate masculine values and practices, thus preventing the professional advancement of female faculty both individually and collectively. A gendered division of labor exists within (as outside) the contemporary (...)
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  6. Affective Equality: Love Matters.Cantillon Sara & Lynch Kathleen - 2017 - Hypatia 32 (1):169-186.
    The nurturing that produces love, care, and solidarity constitutes a discrete social system of affective relations. Affective relations are not social derivatives, subordinate to economic, political, or cultural relations in matters of social justice. Rather, they are productive, materialist human relations that constitute people mentally, emotionally, physically, and socially. As love laboring is highly gendered, and is a form of work that is both inalienable and noncommodifiable, affective relations are therefore sites of political import for social justice. We argue that (...)
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  7. Equality and Justice: Remarks on a Necessary Relationship.Birgit Christensen & Andrew F. Smith - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):155-163.
    The processes associated with globalization have reinforced and even increased prevailing conditions of inequality among human beings with respect to their political, economic, cultural, and social opportunities. Yet-or perhaps precisely because of this trend-there has been, within political philosophy, an observable tendency to question whether equality in fact should be treated a as central value within a theory of justice. In response, I examine a number of nonegalitarian positions to try to show that the concept of equality cannot be dispensed (...)
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  8. Gender Integration in the Military: A Rawlsian Approach.Mark N. Jensen - 2016 - Hypatia 31 (4):844-857.
    Following the recent decisions by Western militaries to pursue greater integration of women into combat roles, this paper examines the principles that motivate integration and organizes them into a theoretically coherent scheme that could serve as a roadmap for policymakers as they rebuild military institutions and their combat units in an integrated fashion. The strategy of the paper is Rawlsian: the right relationship between the principles that motivate integration can be derived through an application of Rawls's methodology as described in (...)
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  9. Sex Inequality and Bias in Sex Differences Research.Alison M. Jaggar - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (sup1):24-39.
    In this essay, I want to identify an invidious bias that is embedded in much research into sex differences. I shall argue that bias against women is endemic in any such research programme that fails to take account at every stage of women's social inequality. It is primarily because its view of the relation between sexual difference and sexual inequality is too simplistic that much sex differences research rationalizes and so perpetuates women's subordination.
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  10. Women, Culture and International Relations.Terrell Carver - 2002 - Contemporary Political Theory 1 (1):135-136.
  11. When Equality Justifies Women's Subjection: Luce Irigaray's Critique of Equality and the Fathers' Rights Movement.Serene J. Khader - 2008 - Hypatia 23 (4):48-74.
  12. More Thinking About Gender: Reply.Julie A. Nelson - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (1):199-205.
    Patricia Elliot distorts my work, in summarizing my position as one of advocating a revaluing of feminine qualities. After clarifying my position, I flesh out in greater detail my argument that complete gender neutrality is neither necessary nor sufficient for a non-sexist society. The argument focuses on gender as a cognitive category and on the crucial question of "how do we get there from here.".
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  13. Cartesianism and Feminism. What Reason Has Forgotten; Reasons for Forgetting.Celia Amorós, Ana Uriarte & Linda López Mcalister - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (1):147-163.
    This paper recovers and pays homage to the arguments in support of the equality of the sexes developed by the Seventeenth Century Cartesian philosopher François Poullain de la Barre (1647-1723).
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  14. Book Review: Marilyn Friedman.Autonomy, Gender, Politics.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. [REVIEW]Paul Benson - 2005 - Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 20 (3):214-217.
  15. Through A Glass Darkly: Paradigms Of Equality And The Search For A Woman's Jurisprudence.Linda J. Krieger - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (1):45-61.
    In this article, Ms. Krieger explores the controversy concerning pregnancy disability leave presented by the case of California Federal Savings v. Guerra in light of Thomas Kuhn's model of scientific paradigm change and Carol Gilligan's theory regarding sex differences in moral reasoning. She argues that the controversy reflects a period of paradigm crisis in equality jurisprudence, brought about in part by the recent inclusion of greater numbers of women into the jurisprudential community.
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  16. Beyond Equality and Difference: Citizenship, Feminist Politics, and Female Subjectivity.Gisela Bock & Susan James (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    Historically, as well as more recently, women's emancipation has been seen in two ways: sometimes as the `right to be equal' and sometimes as the `right to be different'. These views have often overlapped and interacted: in a variety of guises they have played an important role in both the development of ideas about women and feminism, and the works of political thinkers by no means primarily concerned with women's liberation. The chapters of this book deal primarily with the meaning (...)
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  17. Development Ethics, Gender Complementarianism, and Intrahousehold Inequality.Serene J. Khader - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (2):352-369.
    Development ethicists see reducing intrahousehold gender inequality as an important policy aim. However, it is unclear that a minimalist cross-cultural consensus can be formed around this goal. Inequality on its own may not bring women beneath a minimal welfare threshold. Further, adherents of complementarian metaphysical doctrines may view attempts to reduce intrahousehold inequality as attacks on their worldviews. Complicating the justificatory task is the fact that familiar arguments against intrahousehold inequality, including those from agency and self-esteem, depart from premises that (...)
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  18. Why Do Female Students Leave Philosophy? The Story From Sydney.Tom Dougherty, Samuel Baron & Kristie Miller - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (2):467-474.
    The anglophone philosophy profession has a well-known problem with gender equity. A sig-nificant aspect of the problem is the fact that there are simply so many more male philoso-phers than female philosophers among students and faculty alike. The problem is at its stark-est at the faculty level, where only 22% - 24% of philosophers are female in the United States (Van Camp 2014), the United Kingdom (Beebee & Saul 2011) and Australia (Goddard 2008).<1> While this is a result of the (...)
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  19. The Family and Medical Leave Act Considered in Light of the Social Organization of Dependency Work and Gender Equality.".Taking Dependency Seriously - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (1):8-29.
  20. Children's Rights, Parental Agency and the Case for Non-Coercive Responses to Care Drain.Anca Gheaus - 2014 - In Diana Meyers (ed.), Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights. Oxford University Press.
    Worldwide, many impoverished parents migrate, leaving their children behind. As a result children are deprived of continuity in care and, sometimes, suffer from other forms of emotional and developmental harms. I explain why coercive responses to care drain are illegitimate and likely to be inefficient. Poor parents have a moral right to migrate without their children and restricting their migration would violate the human right to freedom of movement and create a new form of gender injustice. I propose and defend (...)
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  21. Beyond the Public|[Sol]|Private Dichotomy: Relational Space and Sexual Inequalities.Judith Squires Chris Armstrong - 2002 - Contemporary Political Theory 1 (3):261.
  22. Genes, Women, Equality (Review).Jennifer A. Parks - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):200-202.
  23. Parité: Sexual Equality and the Crisis of French Universalism.Seyla Benhabib - 2008 - Hypatia 23 (4):220-225.
  24. „ “Eve’s Perfection: Spinoza on Sexual (In)Equality.”.Hasana Sharp - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 50.4 (2012) 50 (4):559-580.
    This paper outlines Spinoza’s two diametrically opposed views on the question of sexual equality. In the Political Treatise, he contends that women are naturally inferior to men, and that they are unable to practice virtue. Yet, he presents an antithetical portrait of Eve in his retelling of the Fall in the Ethics. There, Eve’s nature accords perfectly with Adam’s, and their relationship might have promoted virtue in each of them. Attention to Spinoza’s version of the Fall reveals the profound importance (...)
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  25. Gender Equality.Majji Sahibushan Rao - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 25:55-63.
    It is a welcoming feature that today women are improving in grounds of health and education. But they are still lagging behind in political and economic spheres and hence they continue to be the victims of high level of violence and abuse. These disadvantages are not due to sex differences but are the result of gender discrimination.
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  26. The Gender Quota and Female Leadership: Effects of the Norwegian Gender Quota on Board Chairs and CEOs. [REVIEW]Mingzhu Wang & Elisabeth Kelan - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (3):449-466.
    In this article, we use a sample of Norwegian quoted companies in the period of 2001–2010 to explore whether the gender quota requiring 40 % female directors on corporate boards changes the likelihood of women being appointed to top leadership roles as board chairs or corporate CEOs. Our empirical results indicate that the gender quota and the resulting increased representation of female directors provide a fertile ground for women to take top leadership positions. The presence of female board chairs is (...)
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  27. Does Ordinary Injustice Make Extraordinary Injustice Possible? Gender, Structural Injustice, and the Ethics of Refugee Determination.Serena Parekh - 2012 - Journal of Global Ethics 8 (2-3):269-281.
    Our understanding of the impact of gender on refugee determination has evolved greatly over the last 60 years. Though many people initially believed that women could not be persecuted qua women, it is now frequently recognized that certain forms of gender-related persecution are sufficient to warrant asylum. Yet despite this conceptual progress, many states are still reluctant to consider certain forms of gender-related persecution to be sufficient to warrant asylum or refugee status. One reason for this continued bias is the (...)
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  28. Parental Views of Morality and Sexuality and the Implications for South African Moral Education.Deevia Bhana - 2013 - Journal of Moral Education 42 (1):114-128.
    Discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation is prohibited in South Africa. Against legal gains, however, are marked increases in homophobic violence. Schools are deeply implicated in the development of a moral education premised on democracy and sexual equality. This paper sought to examine the ways in which parents situated within diverse social contexts define, regulate and entrench the right to sexual equality, analyzing their implications for moral education in schools. The data were derived through an interview-based study of 17 (...)
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  29. Implications of Customary Practices on Gender Discrimination in Land Ownership in Cameroon.Lotsmart Fonjong, Irene Fokum Sama-Lang & Lawrence Fon Fombe - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (3):260-274.
    Africa, before European colonization, knew no other form of legal system outside customary arrangements. Based on secondary sources and a primary survey conducted between 2009 and 2010 on the situation of women and land rights in anglophone Cameroon, this paper examines the grounds for discrimination in customary laws against women's rights to land in the context of legal pluralism, and discusses the implications of this custom of gender discrimination. In drawing from Cameroon as an exemplar, it concludes that the strong (...)
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  30. Empowerment, Citizenship and Gender Justice: A Contribution to Locally Grounded Theories of Change in Women's Lives.Naila Kabeer - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (3):216-232.
    Struggles for gender justice by women's movements have sought to give legal recognition to gender equality at both national and international levels. However, such society-wide goals may have little resonance in the lives of individual men and women in contexts where a culture of individual rights is weak or missing and the stress is on the moral economy of kinship and community. While empowerment captures the myriad ways in which intended and unintended changes can enhance the ability of individual women (...)
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  31. Unlocking Pathways to Women's Empowerment and Gender Equality: The Good, The Bad, and the Sticky.Patti Petesch - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (3):233-246.
    This paper brings together the concepts of social norms and innovation diffusion to assess two community development projects with gender targets. The projects failed to meet their objectives although they embodied leading global ?good practices? for community-based participatory approaches. In order to succeed, the projects needed to reach and empower poor women; however, they were located in contexts with significant gender inequalities and weak governance in one case, and with political conflict in the other. In such contexts, participatory projects with (...)
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  32. Women's Rights in Muslim Societies: Lessons From the Moroccan Experience.N. Guessous - 2012 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (4-5):525-533.
    Major changes have taken place in Muslim societies in general during the last decades. Traditional family and social organizational structures have come into conflict with the perceptions and needs of development and modern state-building. Moreover, the international context of globalization, as well as changes in intercommunity relations through immigration, have also deeply affected social and cultural mutations by facilitating contact between different cultures and civilizations. Of the dilemmas arising from these changes, those concerning women’s and men’s roles were the most (...)
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  33. Sexual Harassment and the University.Robert L. Holmes - 1996 - The Monist 79 (4):499-518.
  34. Canons and the Challenge of Gender.Mara Miller - 1993 - The Monist 76 (4):477-493.
    Examines the role of the gender of philosopher-contributors in the constitution of a philosophical canon. Effects of the inclusion of women's voices within the canon; Development of a Japanese philosophical canon as a case in point.
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  35. Do Discrimination and Segregation Subsist in Pay Policies?Carlos Manuel Coelho Duarte, José P. Esperança, José D. Curto & Maria C. Santos - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:23-34.
    This paper analyses the gender pay determinants between top and lower level of Portuguese employees. A relatively large data pool, for 2003, covering business functions hitherto neglected, sheds a new light into the factors that lead to the earnings of men and women. Our analysis combines human capital with internal-labour-markets theories. Our findings allow the identification of jobsegregation as one important source of the gender pay gap. Moreover, they confirm that earnings are determined by different factors and suggest a reasonable (...)
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  36. The Two Sides of Recognition: Gender Justice and the Pluralization of Social Esteem.Gabriele Wagner - 2011 - Critical Horizons 12 (3):347 - 371.
    This article seeks to sketch the contours of a good society, distinguished by its gender justice and the plural recognition of egalitarian difference. I begin by reconstructing Nancy Fraser’s arguments highlighting the link between distributive justice and relations of recognition, in particular as it applies to gender justice. In a second step, I show that the debate on the politics of recognition has confirmed what empirical analyses already indicated, namely that Fraser’s status model takes too reductive a stance towards the (...)
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  37. The Unfinished Revolution: Coming of Age in a New Era of Gender, Work, and Family.Kathleen Gerson - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    The vast changes in family life have often been blamed for declining morality and unhappy children. Drawing upon pioneering research with the children of the gender revolution, Kathleen Gerson reveals that it is not a lack of family values, but rigid social and economic forces that make it difficult to live out those values. The Unfinished Revolution makes clear recommendations for a new flexibility at work and at home that benefits families, encourages a thriving economy, and helps women and men (...)
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  38. Abortion: Three Perspectives.Michael Tooley, Celia Wolf-Devine, Philip E. Devine & Alison M. Jaggar - 2009 - Oup Usa.
    The newest addition to the Point/Counterpoint Series, Abortion: Three Perspectives features a debate between four noted philosophers - Michael Tooley, Celia Wolf-Devine, Philip E. Devine, and Alison M. Jaggar - presenting different perspectives on one of the most socially and politically argued issues of the past 30 years. The three main arguments include the "liberal" pro-choice approach, the "communitarian" pro-life approach, and the "gender justice" approach. Divided into two parts, the text features the authors' ideas, developed in depth, and their (...)
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  39. Gender and Justice in Multicultural Liberal States.Monique Deveaux - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
  40. The Unfinished Revolution: How a New Generation is Reshaping Family, Work, and Gender in America.Kathleen Gerson - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    The vast changes in family life-the rise of single, same-sex, and two-paycheck parents-have often been blamed for declining morality and unhappy children. Drawing upon pioneering research with the children of the gender revolution, Kathleen Gerson reveals that it is not a lack of family values, but rigid social and economic forces that make it difficult to live out those values. The Unfinished Revolution makes clear recommendations for a new flexibility at work and at home that benefits families, encourages a thriving (...)
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  41. Does Feminism Discriminate Against Men?: A Debate. Farrell & James P. Sterba - 2008 - Oup Usa.
    Does feminism give a much-needed voice to women in a patriarchal world? Or is the world not really patriarchal? Has feminism begun to level the playing field in a world in which women are more often paid less at work and abused at home? Or are women paid equally for the same work and not abused more at home? Does feminism support equality in education and in the military, or does it discriminate against men by ignoring such issues as male-only (...)
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  42. Sex Rights: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2002.Nicholas Bamforth (ed.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    The 2002 volume of the internationally renowned Oxford Amnesty Lectures series. This volume seeks to explore the role and limitations of ideas of human rights in the area of gender and sexuality; in particular, when considering the social position of women, gay men, trans-gendered and transsexual persons. The authors are internationally distinguished writers from the areas of literature, social theory, law, and journalism.
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  43. Sexual Blindness and Sexual Equality.Bernard R. Boxill - 1980 - Social Theory and Practice 6 (3):281-298.
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  44. Sexuelle Differenz Made in Italy - Bemerkungen Zu Einem US-Imortversuch. Zu Graziella Parati and Rebecca West (Eds.): Italian Feminist Theory and Practise: Equality and Sexual Difference.Christoph Holzhey - 2004 - Die Philosophin 15 (29):122-129.
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  45. Sexual Difference and the Possibility of Justice.E. C. Wingenbach - 1996 - International Studies in Philosophy 28 (1):117-134.
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  46. Critical Thinking About Gender Equality.Zamangwane Bhengu-Mpungose - 2004 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 23 (4):29-30.
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  47. Toward the Feminine Firm: An Extension to Thomas White.John Dobson & Judith White - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):463-478.
    This paper concerns the influence of gender on a firm’s moral and economic performance. It supports Thomas White’s intimation of a male gender bias in the value system underlying extant business theory. We suggest that this gender bias may be corrected by drawing on the concept of substantive rationality inherent in virtue-ethics theory. This feminine-oriented relationship-based value system complements the essential nature of the firm as a nexus of relationships between stakeholders. Not only is this feminine firm morally desirable, but (...)
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  48. The Failure of the Bona Fide Occupational Qualification in Cross-Gender Prison Guard Cases: A Problem Beyond Equal Employment Opportunity.Camille Monahan - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (1):101-121.
    Knowing the theory of gender that a court is using to understand and assess the issues in a case is vital to ensuring that women are afforded their full rights under the law. Unfortunately, courts often do not explicitly state what understanding of gender is informing their decisions. An exception is found in employment law: specifically, the bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ) exception to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, which allows employers to engage in sex-based discrimination in those (...)
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  49. Gender Context of Personalism in Bioethics.Jimoh Amzat & Giovanni Grandi - 2011 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (3):136-145.
    Personalism is one of the philosophical perspectives which hold that the reality in person and the human person has the highest intrinsic value. This paper makes reference to Louis Janssens' eight criteria in adequate consideration of the human person but further argues that there is need to consider people as situated agents especially within gender relational perspectives. The paper identifies gender as an important social construction that shapes the consideration of the human persons within socio-spatial spheres. The main crux of (...)
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  50. Is Corporatism the Answer?Marion Smiley - 1993 - Law and Social Inquiry 18 (1):115-134.
    This essay argues that corporatism in not only inadequate as a social and political philosophy but anti-egalitarian and hierarchical by nature.
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