General Philosophy of Science

Edited by Howard Sankey (University of Melbourne)
Assistant editor: Filippos Anastasios Papagiannopoulos (University of Western Ontario)
224 found
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  1. added 2017-12-12
    Laws of Nature, Explanation, and Semantic Circularity.Shumener Erica - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx020.
    Humeans and anti-Humeans agree that laws of nature should explain scientifically particular matters of fact. One objection to Humean accounts of laws contends that Humean laws cannot explain particular matters of fact because their explanations are harmfully circular. This article distinguishes between metaphysical and semantic characterizations of the circularity and argues for a new semantic version of the circularity objection. The new formulation suggests that Humean explanations are harmfully circular because the content of the sentences being explained is part of (...)
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  2. added 2017-12-12
    Roger Bacon and His System of Laws of Nature: Classification, Hierarchy and Significance.Yael Kedar & Giora Hon - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (6):719-745.
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  3. added 2017-12-12
    De-Eclipsing Common Sense: Why We See Near Rather Than Far in Roy Sorensen’s Eclipse Riddle.Gava Alessio - 2017 - Prolegomena 16 (1):55-72.
    According to Roy Sorensen, when one looks at the Moon, during a solar eclipse, what she sees is its inner part of the farther, reflective one, and not the always-facing-Earth side of our natural satellite. To make his point clearer, he put forward the famous example of a double eclipse involving the fictional planets Far and Near. From the observer’s vantage point, the two planets have the same apparent diameter and overlap. What the agent sees is a dark disk, but (...)
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  4. added 2017-12-11
    Strategic Conceptual Engineering for Epistemic and Social Aims.Ingo Brigandt & Esther Rosario - forthcoming - In Alexis Burgess, Herman Cappelen & David Plunkett (eds.), Conceptual Ethics and Conceptual Engineering. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Examining previous discussions on how to construe the concepts of gender and race, we advocate what we call strategic conceptual engineering. This is the employment of a (possibly novel) concept for specific epistemic or social aims, concomitant with the openness to use a different concept (e.g., of race) for other purposes. We illustrate this approach by sketching three distinct concepts of gender and arguing that all of them are needed, as they answer to different social aims. The first concept serves (...)
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  5. added 2017-12-11
    "Milton Munitz et le concept-limite d'« illimitation » en cosmologie (1ère partie)" [Milton Munitz on unboundedness in cosmology - Ist Part].Philippe Gagnon - 2017 - Connaître : Cahiers de l'Association Foi Et Culture Scientifique (46):104-117.
    This is the outline: 1. Introduction 2. La compréhension théorique – 2.1 Le dynamisme conceptuel et l'a priori 2.2 L'horizon conceptuel – 3. Compréhension et singularité 4. La production de signifiance 5. La présence du mystère 6. Le problème de la substantialité : l'un et le multiple – 6.1 La notion d'un ordre implicite.
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  6. added 2017-12-11
    The Hidden Hand of Gravity.Colin Beckley - 2015 - Milton Keynes:
    This work is intended to illustrate how gravity is a major factor in shaping life as we know it. It will be argued here that gravity has an influence at all levels, from particles to planets. Moreover, that any change in gravitational acceleration will have a direct and inevitable impact upon the form of any organism. From a fresh perspective some of the mysteries of evolution will be examined in light of gravity and its ubiquity. The creatures of the Earth, (...)
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  7. added 2017-12-10
    Feyerabend, Pluralism, and Parapsychology.Ian James Kidd - forthcoming - Bulletin of the Parapsychological Association.
    Feyerabend is well-known as a pluralist, and notorious for his defences of, and sympathetic references to, heterodox subjects, such as parapsychology. Focusing on the latter, I ask how we should understand the relationship between the pluralism and the defences, drawing on Marcello Truzzi's and Martin Gardner's remarks on Feyerabend along the way.
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  8. added 2017-12-09
    Discussion of “Biomedical Informatics: We Are What We Publish”.Geissbuhler Antoine, W. E. Hammond, A. Hasman, R. Hussein, R. Koppel, C. A. Kulikowski, V. Maojo, F. Martin-Sanchez, P. W. Moorman, Moura La, F. G. De Quiros, M. J. Schuemle, Barry Smith & J. Talmon - 2013 - Methods of Information in Medicine 52 (6):547-562.
    This article is part of a For-Discussion-Section of Methods of Information in Medicine about the paper "Biomedical Informatics: We Are What We Publish", written by Peter L. Elkin, Steven H. Brown, and Graham Wright. It is introduced by an editorial. This article contains the combined commentaries invited to independently comment on the Elkin et al. paper. In subsequent issues the discussion can continue through letters to the editor.
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  9. added 2017-12-07
    On Serendipity in Science: Discovery at the Intersection of Chance and Wisdom.Samantha Copeland - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    ‘Serendipity’ is a category used to describe discoveries in science that occur at the intersection of chance and wisdom. In this paper, I argue for understanding serendipity in science as an emergent property of scientific discovery, describing an oblique relationship between the outcome of a discovery process and the intentions that drove it forward. The recognition of serendipity is correlated with an acknowledgment of the limits of expectations about potential sources of knowledge. I provide an analysis of serendipity in science (...)
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  10. added 2017-12-06
    Mereological Nihilism: Keeping It Simple.Simon D. Thunder - 2017 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 6 (4):278-287.
    (Mereological) nihilism states that there are no composite objects—there are only sub-atomic particles such as quarks. Nihilism’s biggest rival, (mereological) universalism, posits vast numbers of composite objects in addition to the sub-atomic particles, and so nihilism appears to be the more ontologically parsimonious of the two theories. If this is the case, it’s a significant result for the nihilist: ontological parsimony is almost always thought to be a theoretical virtue, so a nihilist victory in the parsimony stakes gives us a (...)
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  11. added 2017-12-06
    A Unified Theory of Granularity, Vagueness and Approximation.Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith - 2001 - In COSIT Workshop on Spatial Vagueness, Uncertainty and Granularity. pp. 39.
    Abstract: We propose a view of vagueness as a semantic property of names and predicates. All entities are crisp, on this semantic view, but there are, for each vague name, multiple portions of reality that are equally good candidates for being its referent, and, for each vague predicate, multiple classes of objects that are equally good candidates for being its extension. We provide a new formulation of these ideas in terms of a theory of granular partitions. We show that this (...)
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  12. added 2017-12-04
    Inductive Explanation and Garber–Style Solutions to the Problem of Old Evidence.David Kinney - 2017 - Synthese:1-15.
    The Problem of Old Evidence is a perennial issue for Bayesian confirmation theory. Garber famously argues that the problem can be solved by conditionalizing on the proposition that a hypothesis deductively implies the existence of the old evidence. In recent work, Hartmann and Fitelson :712–717, 2015) and Sprenger :383–401, 2015) aim for similar, but more general, solutions to the Problem of Old Evidence. These solutions are more general because they allow the explanatory relationship between a new hypothesis and old evidence (...)
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  13. added 2017-12-03
    Evidence Amalgamation, Plausibility, and Cancer Research.Marta Bertolaso & Fabio Sterpetti - forthcoming - Synthese:1-39.
    Cancer research is experiencing ‘paradigm instability’, since there are two rival theories of carcinogenesis which confront themselves, namely the somatic mutation theory and the tissue organization field theory. Despite this theoretical uncertainty, a huge quantity of data is available thanks to the improvement of genome sequencing techniques. Some authors think that the development of new statistical tools will be able to overcome the lack of a shared theoretical perspective on cancer by amalgamating as many data as possible. We think instead (...)
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  14. added 2017-12-03
    Annie Petit. Le Système d'Auguste Comte: De la Science À la Religion Par la Philosophie. 389pp., Appendices, Bibliography, Index. Paris: Vrin, 2016, Euro 32. [REVIEW]Anastasios Brenner - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
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  15. added 2017-12-01
    Inter-Theory Relations in Quantum Gravity: Correspondence, Reduction, and Emergence.Karen Crowther - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
    Relationships between current theories, and relationships between current theories and the sought theory of quantum gravity (QG), play an essential role in motivating the need for QG, aiding the search for QG, and defining what would count as QG. Correspondence is the broad class of inter-theory relationships intended to demonstrate the necessary compatibility of two theories whose domains of validity overlap, in the overlap regions. The variety of roles that correspondence plays in the search for QG are illustrated, using examples (...)
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  16. added 2017-11-30
    Generalised Reichenbachian Common Cause Systems.Claudio Mazzola - forthcoming - Synthese.
    The principle of the common cause claims that if an improbable coincidence has occurred, there must exist a common cause. This is generally taken to mean that positive correlations between non-causally related events should disappear when conditioning on the action of some underlying common cause. The extended interpretation of the principle, by contrast, urges that common causes should be called for in order to explain positive deviations between the estimated correlation of two events and the expected value of their correlation. (...)
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  17. added 2017-11-30
    BOOK REVIEW: Jimena Canales, The Physicist and the Philosopher: Einstein, Bergson and the Debate That Changed Our Understanding of Time. [REVIEW]Dimitris Kilakos - 2017 - Almagest (1):129-132.
    Einstein’s relativity and its reception is definitely a prominent option for a case-study aiming to highlight the impact of the socio-cultural environment to the formulation of the scientific image of the world and other aspects of the worldview of a given era. Indeed, Einstein’s relativity clearly marked the course of 20th-century science, changed our view and shaped our experience of time.
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  18. added 2017-11-29
    Induction: Shadows and Light.Mark Andrews - manuscript
    Inductive conclusions rest upon the Uniformity Principle, that similar events lead to similar results. The principle derives from three fundamental axioms: Existence, that the observed object has an existence independent of the observer; Identity, that the objects observed, and the relationships between them, are what they are; and Continuity, that the objects observed, and the relationships between them, will continue unchanged absent a sufficient reason. Together, these axioms create a statement sufficiently precise to be falsified. -/- Simple enumeration of successful (...)
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  19. added 2017-11-29
    Heuristic Analogies in Aristotle's Posterior Analytics, Semantic Stretch of Terms, and Soundness or Fallaciousness of Analogies.Petter Sandstad - 2017 - Australasian Philosophical Review 1 (3):291-297.
    I present three critical points against G.E.R. Lloyd's ‘The Fortunes of Analogy’. First, I argue that Lloyd unduly criticises Aristotle's view of analogies. Second, I argue that Lloyd needs to discuss the means of limiting the semantic stretch of terms, for instance through the distinction between fiat and bona fide boundaries. Third, I point out some terminological issues in Lloyd's account, especially concerning the applicability of validity, soundness, and fallaciousness to analogies.
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  20. added 2017-11-28
    Armchair Philosophy Naturalized.Sebastian Lutz - manuscript
    Carnap suggests that philosophy can be construed as being engaged solely in conceptual engineering. I argue that since many results of the sciences can be construed as stemming from conceptual engineering as well, Carnap’s account of philosophy can be methodologically naturalistic. This is also how he conceived of his account. That the sciences can be construed as relying heavily on conceptual engineering is supported by empirical investigations into scientific methodology, but also by a number of conceptual considerations. I present a (...)
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  21. added 2017-11-26
    Ciegos por el camino recto. Una explicación de la explicación.Miguel Angel Quintana Paz - 1995 - Cuadernos INICE 67:143-149.
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  22. added 2017-11-23
    The Role of Truth in Psychological Science.Jamin Asay - forthcoming - Theory and Psychology.
    In a recent paper, Haig and Borsboom explore the relevance of the theory of truth for psychological science. Although they conclude that correspondence theories of truth are best suited to offer the resources for making sense of scientific practice, they leave open the possibility that other theories might accomplish those same ends. I argue that deflationary theories of truth, which deny that there is any substantive property that unifies the class of truths, makes equally good sense of scientific practice as (...)
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  23. added 2017-11-23
    Resurrecting the Body Politic – Physiology’s Influence on Sir William Petty’s Political Arithmetick.Akos Sivado - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):157-182.
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  24. added 2017-11-23
    Models of Organic Organization in Montpellier Vitalism.Charles T. Wolfe - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):229-252.
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  25. added 2017-11-23
    The Nature and Care of the Whole Man: Francis Bacon and Some Late Renaissance Contexts. Corneanu - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):130-156.
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  26. added 2017-11-23
    Introduction – Between Physiology and Ethics: The ‘Science of Man’ as a Middle-Range Discipline.Tamás Demeter - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):125-129.
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  27. added 2017-11-23
    Measuring Shadows: Kepler’s Optics of Invisibility, Written by Raz Chen-Morris, 2016.Brent Purkaple - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (4):387-389.
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  28. added 2017-11-23
    The Natural, the Pragmatic and the Moral in Kant’s Anthropology: The Case of Temperaments.Alix Cohen - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):253-270.
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  29. added 2017-11-23
    A Chemistry of Human Nature: Chemical Imagery in Hume’s Treatise.Tamás Demeter - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):208-228.
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  30. added 2017-11-23
    Resurrecting the Body Politic – Physiology’s Influence on Sir William Petty’s Political Arithmetick.Akos Sivado - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):157-182.
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  31. added 2017-11-23
    The Nature and Care of the Whole Man: Francis Bacon and Some Late Renaissance Contexts. Corneanu - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):130-156.
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  32. added 2017-11-23
    Introduction – Between Physiology and Ethics: The ‘Science of Man’ as a Middle-Range Discipline.Tamás Demeter - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):125-129.
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  33. added 2017-11-23
    Models of Organic Organization in Montpellier Vitalism.Charles T. Wolfe - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):229-252.
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  34. added 2017-11-23
    Measuring Shadows: Kepler’s Optics of Invisibility, Written by Raz Chen-Morris, 2016.Brent Purkaple - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (4):387-389.
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  35. added 2017-11-23
    The Natural, the Pragmatic and the Moral in Kant’s Anthropology: The Case of Temperaments.Alix Cohen - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):253-270.
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  36. added 2017-11-23
    A Chemistry of Human Nature: Chemical Imagery in Hume’s Treatise.Tamás Demeter - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (2-3):208-228.
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  37. added 2017-11-23
    Die Philosophie des 18. Jahrhunderts. Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation. Schweiz. Nord- und Osteuropa, written by Helmut Holzhey and Vilem Mudroch, 2014. [REVIEW]Tobias Cheung - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (1):103-105.
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  38. added 2017-11-23
    Natural History Illustration Between Bologna and Valencia: The Aldrovandi–Pomar Case.Emma Sallent Del Colombo - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (2-3):182-213.
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  39. added 2017-11-23
    All Aboard!: Science and Ship Culture in Sixteenth-Century Oceanic Voyages.Leitão Henrique - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (2-3):113-132.
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  40. added 2017-11-23
    Difference and Disability in the Medieval Islamic World: Blighted Bodies, Written by Kristina L. Richardson, 2012.Emilie Savage-Smith - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (1):81-83.
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  41. added 2017-11-23
    Forensic Medicine and Death Investigation in Medieval England, Written by Sara M. Butler, 2015.Silvia De Renzi - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (1):87-89.
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  42. added 2017-11-23
    Afterword: #Iberian Science.José Ramón Marcaida - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (2-3):273-276.
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  43. added 2017-11-23
    Reading Lucretius in the Renaissance. I Tatti Studies in Italian Renaissance History, Written by Ada Palmer, 2014.Elena Nicoli - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (1):90-93.
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  44. added 2017-11-23
    Introduction: Revisiting Early Modern Iberian Science, From the Fifteenth to the Seventeenth Centuries.Antonio Sánchez & Henrique Leitão - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (2-3):107-112.
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  45. added 2017-11-23
    Visiting Old Libraries: Scientific Books in the Religious Institutions of Early Modern Portugal.Luana Giurgevich - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (2-3):252-272.
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  46. added 2017-11-23
    Sudden Death: Medicine and Religion in Eighteenth-Century Rome, Written by Maria Pia Donato, Trans. Valentina Mazzei, 2014.Evan R. Ragland - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (1):100-102.
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  47. added 2017-11-23
    Muslim Midwives: The Craft of Birthing in the Premodern Middle East, Written by Avner Giladi, 2015.Miri Shefer-Mossensohn - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (1):75-77.
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  48. added 2017-11-23
    Healthcare in Early Medieval Northern Italy. More to Life Than Leeches?, Written by Clare Pilsworth, 2014.Patricia Skinner - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (1):78-80.
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  49. added 2017-11-23
    “Experimental Philosophy”: Invention and Rebirth of a Seventeenth-Century Concept.Mordechai Feingold - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (1):1-28.
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  50. added 2017-11-23
    Isaac Beeckman on Matter and Motion. Mechanical Philosophy in the Making, Written by Klaas van Berkel, 2013.Delphine Bellis - 2016 - Early Science and Medicine 21 (1):94-96.
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1 — 50 / 224