General Philosophy of Science

Edited by Howard Sankey (University of Melbourne)
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  1. The Machine Conception of the Organism in Development and Evolution: A Critical Analysis.Daniel J. Nicholson - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:162-174.
    This article critically examines one of the most prevalent metaphors in modern biology, namely the machine conception of the organism (MCO). Although the fundamental differences between organisms and machines make the MCO an inadequate metaphor for conceptualizing living systems, many biologists and philosophers continue to draw upon the MCO or tacitly accept it as the standard model of the organism. This paper analyses the specific difficulties that arise when the MCO is invoked in the study of development and evolution. In (...)
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  2. Astrobiology and Astrophilosophy: Subsuming or Bifurcating Diciplines?Ian von Hegner - 2019 - Philosophy and Cosmology 23.
    Initially, astrobiology subsumed into philosophy. However, philosophy has increasingly subsumed into astrobiology concurrent with it steadily becoming an observational and experimental activity that mainly focuses on the link between life and the cosmos, rather than on extra-terrestrial life per se. However, the steadily increasing probability of locating such extra-terrestrial life and the questions this will lead to might require a refinement of astrobiology, with a bifurcation into astrobiology and astrophilosophy. There are many reasons for the emergence and necessity of astrobiology. (...)
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  3. The Incommensurability Thesis.Howard Sankey - 2018 - Abingdon: Taylor and Francis.
    My 1994 book, The Incommensurability Thesis, has recently been re-issued in the Routledge Revivals series.
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  4. Necessary Laws and the Problem of Counterlegals.Samuel Kimpton-Nye - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Substantive counterlegal discourse poses a problem for those according to whom the laws of nature are metaphysically necessary. I discern two types of necessitarianism about laws: Dispositional Essentialism and Modal Necessitarianism. I argue that Handfield (2004)’s response to the problem of counterlegals cannot help the Modal Necessitarian, according to whom all possible worlds are identical with respect to the laws. I thus propose a fictionalist treatment of counterlegals. Fictions are not limited by metaphysical possibility, hence, fictionalism affords the Modal Necessitarian (...)
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    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
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  5. Völkerpsychologie and the Origins of Hermann Cohen’s Anti-Psychologism.Scott Edgar - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
    Some commentators on Hermann Cohen have remarked on what they take to be a puzzle about the origins of his mature anti-psychologism. When Cohen was young, he studied a kind of psychology, the Völkerpsychologie of Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinthal, and wrote apparently psycholgistic accounts of knowledge almost up until the moment he first articulated his anti-psychologistic neo-Kantianism. To be sure, Cohen's mature anti psycholgism does constitute a rejection of certain central commitments of Völkerpsychologie. However, the relation between Völkerpsychologie and (...)
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  6. What is Scientific Knowledge? An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology of Science.Kevin McCain (ed.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    What Is Scientific Knowledge? is a much-needed collection of introductory-level chapters on the epistemology of science. Renowned historians, philosophers, science educators, and cognitive scientists have authored 19 original contributions specifically for this volume. The chapters, accessible for students in both philosophy and the sciences, serve as helpful introductions to the primary debates surrounding scientific knowledge.First-year undergraduates can readily understand the variety of discussions in the volume, and yet advanced students and scholars will encounter chapters rich enough to engage their many (...)
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    Explanation
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  7. The Objectivity of Science.Howard Sankey - forthcoming - In Juan Carlos Aguirre-Garcia (ed.), Objectivity in Human Sciences.
    The notion of objectivity is ambiguous. A distinction is made between three primary notions of objectivity: ontological objectivity, the objectivity of truth and epistemic objectivity. It is suggested that a realist may explain the relationship between the three notions by saying that use of epistemically objective methods stands the best chance of leading to the objective truth about the objective world.
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     Scientific Realism, Misc
    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
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  8. Hermann Cohen’s Principle of the Infinitesimal Method: A Defense.Scott Edgar - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
    In Bertrand Russell's 1903 Principles of Mathematics, he offers an apparently devastating criticism of the neo-Kantian Hermann Cohen's Principle of the Infinitesimal Method and its History (PIM). Russell's criticism is motivated by his concern that Cohen's account of the foundations of calculus saddles mathematics with the paradoxes of the infinitesimal and continuum, and thus threatens the very idea of mathematical truth. This paper defends Cohen against that objection of Russell's, and argues that properly understood, Cohen's views of limits and infinitesimals (...)
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  9. Raymond Ruyer and the Metaphysics of Absolute Forms.Daniel W. Smith - 2017 - Parrhesia 27:116-128.
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  10. From Völkerpsychologie to Cultural Anthropology: Erich Rothacker’s Philosophy of Culture.Johannes Steizinger - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
    Erich Rothacker (1888–1965) was a key figure in early-twentieth-century philosophy in Germany. In this paper, I examine the development of Rothacker’s philosophy of culture from 1907 to 1945. Rothacker began his philosophical career with a völkerpsychological dissertation on history, outlining his early biologistic conception of culture (1907–1913). In his mid-career work, he then turned to Wilhelm Dilthey’s (1833–1911) Lebensphilosophie (philosophy of life), advancing a hermeneutic approach to culture (1919–1928). In his later work (1929–1945), Rothacker developed a cultural anthropology. I shall (...)
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  11. Review of Léna Soler, Emiliano Trizio, and Andrew Pickering, Eds. Science as It Could Have Been. Discussing the Contingency/Inevitability Problem. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, 2016. [REVIEW]Katherina Kinzel - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):319-323.
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  12. Rescuing Renouvier. [REVIEW]Howard Sankey - 2019 - Metascience 28 (2):1-2.
    This is a short review of Warren Schmaus's Liberty and the Pursuit of Knowledge: Charles Renouvier's Political Philosophy of Science.
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  13. O Ensino de Sociologia (Ciências Sociais).Emanuel Isaque Cordeiro da Silva - manuscript
    O ensino da Sociologia no Ensino Médio, ao considerar as indicações dos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais (PCN), tem como objetivo introduzir o aluno nos principais saberes referentes às questões conceituais e metodológicas que fundamentam a Sociologia, a Antropologia e a Ciência Política2 O contexto de transformação social inaugurado nos séculos XVIII e XIX e a busca pela compreensão científica deste processo vieram estruturar as grandes questões que permeiam este campo do saber. Os paradigmas fundantes da Sociologia, em seus esforços de interpretar (...)
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  14. Democracia, Cidadania e Direitos Humanos no Brasil.Emanuel Isaque Cordeiro da Silva - manuscript
    O sistema político brasileiro preenche, formalmente, os requisitos mínimos de uma poliarquia, ou seja, um sistema democrático em que o poder é atribuído com base em eleições livres e em que há ampla participação política e concorrência pelos cargos eletivos. Esse sistema implica disputa pelo poder, tolerância à diversidade de opiniões e oposição política. No entanto, o que se percebe na sociedade é que essa estrutura formal não garante a democratização dos recursos socialmente produzidos, como bens, direitos e serviços básicos (...)
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  15. Popularization of Astronomy: From Models of the Cosmos to Stargazing.Gudrun Wolfschmidt - 2007 - Science & Education 16 (6):549-559.
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  16. Over wetenschappelijk denken.Jan Heylen - 2019 - Leuven, Belgium: Acco.
    Het meest succesvolle denken over de natuur vind je in de natuurwetenschappen. Filosofie wordt wel eens omschreven als denken over denken. In het handboek Over wetenschappelijk denken behandelen we het denken over het wetenschappelijk denken. Dat maakt van dit boek zowel een algemene inleiding in de wijsbegeerte als meer in het bijzonder een inleiding tot de wetenschapsfilosofie. -/- Eerst gaan we in dit handboek dieper in op de natuurfilosofische revolutie in het antieke Griekenland. De mythische verklaringen van natuurfenomenen zoals regenbogen (...)
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  17. A Hybrid Account of Scientific Progress: Finding Middle Ground Between the Epistemic and the Noetic Accounts.Clara Goebel - 2019 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy (AO):1-16.
    Whereas the progressive nature of science is widely recognised, specifying the standards of scientific progress has been subject to philosophical debate since the enlightenment. Recently, Ilkka Niiniluoto, Alexander Bird, and Finnur Dellsén have revived this debate by setting forward a semantic, epistemic and noetic account of scientific progress respectively. I argue that none of these accounts is satisfactory. The semantic and epistemic accounts might advance necessary conditions for scientific progress, namely an accumulation of true, justified, and non-Gettiered beliefs, but fail (...)
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  18. Science, Hypothesis, and Hierarchy.Janet Folina - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science:000-000.
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  19. Leibniz on the Divine Preformation Of Souls and Bodies.Christopher P. Noble - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science:000-000.
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  20. Auguste Comte and J. S. Mill on Physical Causes. The Case of Joseph Fourier’s Analytical Theory of Heat.Andreea Eșanu - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science:000-000.
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  21. What Is This Thing Called Philosophy of Science? A Computational Topic-Modeling Perspective, 1934–2015.Christophe Malaterre, Jean-François Chartier & Pulizzotto Davide - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science:000-000.
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  22. Movement as Efficient Cause in Aristotle’s Generation of Animals.Ignacio De Ribera-Martin - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science:000-000.
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  23. Between History and Philosophy of Science: The Relationship Between Kuhn’s Black-Body Theory and Structure.Adam Timmins - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science:000-000.
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  24. Review of "The infamous boundary: Seven decades of Heresy in quantum physics".Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart & Jaison Schinaider - 2013 - Dissertatio 37:199-210.
    O livro de que tratamos aqui, The Infamous Boundary: Seven Decades of Heresy in Quantum Mechanics, de autoria de David Wick, é mais uma testemunha de que a questão sobre a interpretação que pode ser considerada a mais adequada para a mecânica quântica ainda é um problema que desperta o interesse tanto de cientistas quanto de filósofos e que, com certeza, não se esgotou no tempo dos criadores desta teoria.
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  25. From Völkerpsychologie to the Sociology of Knowledge.Martin Kusch - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science:000-000.
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  26. Daniel McKaughan and Holly VandeWall, Eds. The History and Philosophy of Science: A Reader. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018. Pp. Xxiii+1073. $49.95. [REVIEW]James A. T. Lancaster - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):211-214.
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  27. The Discovery-Justification Distinction and the New Historiography of Science: On Thomas Kuhn’s Thalheimer Lectures.Pablo Melogno - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):152-178.
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  28. Peter Olen and Carl Sachs, Eds. Pragmatism in Transition: Contemporary Perspectives on C. I. Lewis. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. Pp. Viii+222. $109.99 ; $84.99. [REVIEW]Robert Sinclair - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):201-205.
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  29. Angélique Groß. Die Bildpädagogik Otto Neuraths: Methodische Prinzipien der Darstellung von Wissen. Cham: Springer, 2015. Pp. xii+288. €89.99. [REVIEW]Başak Aray - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):198-201.
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  30. Menachem Fisch. Creatively Undecided: Toward a History and Philosophy of Scientific Agency. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. Pp. 304. $27.92. [REVIEW]Karim Bschir - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):189-192.
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  31. Kevin C. Elliott and Ted Richards, Eds. Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. Xiv+277. $99.00 ; $40.00. [REVIEW]Federica Russo - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):179-182.
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  32. Henrik Lagerlund and Benjamin Hill, Eds. The Routledge Companion to Sixteenth Century Philosophy. New York: Routledge, 2017. Pp. 660. $250.00 ; $58.00. [REVIEW]Magali Roques - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):186-189.
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